LUME 44— NUMBER 195 The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Continued warm this afternoon and tonight. Fresh occasionally strong winds this afternoon. Star of Hope. 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY oal Miners Ignore Order —— — • O Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN The Benefits of Sacrifice Around the Town Rationing goes down in the average citizen's books as a ifice necessary to win the war. But experts are beginning accumulate evidence that rationing has good effects entirely from Victory. iii Speedy House 'assage of Tax Bill Seen $jf r By FRANCIS M. LE MAY f; Washington, Juno 1 —(/I')— Parly !'','--.''lins dissolved today as the House '.'J met to pass on a compromise pay' 1 . as-you-go income tax bill which ,.>;.' provides for a 20 per cent dn- ;;':> duction from the taxable part of 'iS all wages and salaries beginning vjf one month from today. fijjj The measure would abate 75 to 100 per cent of one year's income taxes and under it all laxpay would be shifted lo a current pfiy- mcnt basis. Both Democratic and Republican leaders predicted the House would An American life insurance com -© pany reports that the health record in 1942 in England, which has had strict food rationing ever since the war began, was the best since the outbreak of hostilities. Last yo.u- s death rate of 11.6 per 1,000 persons was the second lowest in the history of England, only 1930 being lower. Commenting on B r i t a i n, the American company says: "A striking example of the benefits of rationing was a 10 per cent decline in deaths from diabetes . . . The same factor is reflected, to some extent, in the decline in deaths from chronic diseases of the heart, blood vessels and kidnlys. The majority of the victims of these diseases suffer from high blood pressure, a condition which is often alleviated by dietary restriction, with a consequent slowing down of the progress of the disease." But if you are thinkins; what I am thinking you will continue to view rationing for just what it is—a wartime sacrifice, lo be ended promptly when the war is won. Cabmen Nab Taxi Ihief Who Robbed Driver Henry E. (Buster) Yates. 37, of Malvcrn, was apprehended here laic yesterday after robbing a taxi driver of $9 in cash and his cab about 14 miles south of Hope. He was lodged in Hompstcad County Jail on charges of grand larceny. pending said. other charges, officers According to police Yalcs hired the taxi to take him to the Midway oil field. About 1-1 miles south of Hope the passenger drew a knife and forced the taxi driver. Thomas S. Stone, from the automobile, taking his wallet which contained $!), and drove off towards Hope in the cab. Stone notified officers by telephone from a farm house. Officers sighted the stolen auto just outside of Hope and gave chase. Yatcs, taking advantage of a considerable load, hid in some woods and doubled back towards Hope after the patrol car passed. A carload of 070 Taxi Co. drivers aiding in the search had been left at the Hope City limits in case the thief did double back. They gave chase and finally forced the stolen cab to the curb on South Walnut street where two of the cabmen, C. Sanders and Uorcic Iluckabcc, Monticcllo WAAC Camp to Disband Washington, June 1 —(/?)— The WAAC training establishment at Ciimp Monticello, ncnr here, will be dsiconlimiod about June 10, the Army announced 'in Washington last night. Approximately 3,000 women are stationed at the camp,built originally for use as an internment camp for enemy aliens and prisoners of war. The Army announcement said (he fifth WAAC training center, with headquarters at Camp Ruslon, La., and facilities here and at Camp Polk, La., would be eliminated because of additional facilities now available at Fort Des approve the legislation forthwith and route it by way of the Senate lo the White house. Administration leaders said President Roosevelt would let it become law. Under pay-as-you-go, all taxnay- ers would pay on June 15, just two weeks hence, <. the second installment of taxes based on 1912 income, as shown in returns filed last March. (That is, If they hav c not already .paid at leasl : one,.half ;of the. tp|^.t&*;$li<jw& Ui jUifi March 15~rcturh.) ' The installments' paid before July 1 on the basis of 1042 income would be transferred as a credit to 1943 obligations. | On July 1, wa'ge and salary earners would begin paying further on their 1943 bill through the withholding levy. The measure provides that per- soons with income other than wage" » and salaries must, estimate their income for tho current year, and pay by quarterly installments. Persons with wages or salaries above the 20 per cent withholding level also would estimate their up^ per bracket income, and pay f quarterly. All taxpayers would make on next March 15 a final return on 1943, and make a final settlement with the government. The withholding levy would not ' be an additional lax but a means of weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly or monthly dtjuctions from pay against actual taxes as now levied. As to tax cancellation, the mcas- ~ ure provides: 1. 100 per cent abatement for ecah taxpayer owing up lo $50 in taxes for the one year, 1942 or 1943, in which he had the smaller taxable income. 2. A flat $50 abatement for each person whoso abatement year (1942 or 1943) tax bill is between $50 and $66.07. 3. An abatement of 7f> per cent arrested Yates. Officers said Yatcs admitted. Regardless of any good effects rationing may have on parts of a nation it is a restriction against the majority, and we of both the American and British representative democracies will always resist any effort by statistical experts to perpetuate in peace-time the national controls made necessary in war. * * -K A Hope sergeant who has been gone a long time writes me a four- j?age letter about his trouble in getting a furlough. On Page One he says: "It looks like I'm going to have to write Orcn Harris about that furlough." On Page Four he says further: "It's just my luck that they will be about ready to leave this country . . . and it they don't let me come home first I'll really be hard to get along with, and may have to write John L. McClellan." I had a feeling that if it had continued onto Page Five the letter would have finally invoked the namo of Roosevelt. The writer has a nice sense of law and order, passing progressively from the House of Representatives to the Senate, and thence, to the President. And the Army, fountain-head of all law and order in wartime, will probably be equal to the occasion— sending him home unexpectedly, aftcs the fashion of most furloughs. serving time in the Arkansas State Prison. State and city police took part in the chase. Japs Building Field Without Machine Aid nls, ions how >gto 8 AP i this jer it from for all persons with an abatement i- year bill over $66.67, with the remaining 25 per cent to be paid half on March 15, 1945, in addition to current taxes. (Persons in the $50 to $06.67 classification also would pay off their small remaining debt in two such installments). ~ The 20 per cent withholding would cover both income and victory taxes, the latter reduced from 5 to 3 per cent. Soldiers Keep Up Patrol of River Little Rock, May 31 — W)••- The approximately 250 state guardsmen patrolling Arkansas river levees in the vicinity of Pine Bluff will have several more days of flood duty before being released, Lt. Col. Hendrix Lackey, guard commander, said today. "The river seems to bo falling very slowly," Lackey said. "And we'll have to keep patrolling the levees until the U. S. engineers think it's safe to leave them." Units on duly at Pine Bluff are from El Dorado, Pine Bluff, Hot Springs, Forrest City and Camden. Another 60 guardsmen from the By WILLIAM L. WORDEN Hollz Bay, Attu, May 19 (Delayed) —(fl 1 )— One of the mysteries of Altu was solved today as American troops had their first opportunity to examine, without New French Government Not Complete Algiers, Juno 1—(/P)—Two places remained to bo filled today in a new governing body for liberated French territory created yesterday W as in that in a'n historic first mcol'nir signa- nose made lizing the union of the forces of Generals Henri Giraud anJ Charles DcGaullo. The new body, officially designated as an executive committee, will discharge the functions of a government until the homeland is freed from Gorman domination, when it will be supplanted by an administration chosen by ballot. Giraud and DcGaulle will preside alternately. The committee members named thus far arc General Alphonsc Georges and Jean Monnct, who arc Giraud's dcsignees; Rone Massig- li and Andre Philip, designated by de Gaullo; and Gen. Georges Ca troux, accepted by both dc Gaulle and Giraud. The committee itself is expected to designate the two members needed lo complete the governing body. "(As the cornmitcc held its initial meeting, official announcement was niadc at Cairo that the French fleet immobili/cd at Alexandria had joined the Allies, successfully terminating negotiations between Giraud and Vice Admiral Reno Emil Godfroy to array the nine vessels against Germany and Italy. (The announcement confirmed reports first broadcast by tho Cerlin radio over the weekend lhat the fleet had come over to the Allied Moines, la., Daylona Beach, Fla., Fort Oglolhorpc, Ga., and Fort Dcvcns, Mass. Over 400 Japs Killed on Attu Last Saturday Washington, June 1 —(/I 1 )— T.l:r-r than 400 Japanese troops were killed on Attu Island Saturday night, the Navy reported today, when throe columns of United Stale:; soldiers advanced toward Chichagof Harbor, whore they joined Sunday. Th° mopping up operations on the island apparently were continuing today with Army troops stamping out pockets of Japanese resistance in the barren hills. Officers here said that all or 1 ganzied resistance by the enemy had been broken, however. Of tho thrco American columns which drove through the wild and mountainous country to effect junction at Chichagof Harbor in the area where the little village of Attu stood before it had to be destroyed to deny it to tho cncmyjj the one coming in from the south apparently encountered the stiffestj opposition. ***"' This one moved northward along the floor of Chichagof Valley leading lo the head of the harbor. It was in that valley that the Japa- Remnants of Jap Force of 75,000 Being Wiped Out Chungking, June 1 — (/P) — Spurred on by General Hsueh Yueh, "the Little Tiger," and encouraged by air support ovrehead, battle-tried Chinese troops were announced today to have routed completely five Japanese divisions in a victory hailed in Free China as the greatest in six years of war. The Japanese were thrown back in disorder and with heavy losses toward Ichang, their Yangtze river base, the high command said. Chinese quarters in this provisional capital were elated over the reports from the Yangtze front vhere the enemy divisions, involv- ng perhaps 75,000 men, were said o have been trapped in a "big encirclement." The Japanese had thrust . out !rom Ichang in a many - pronged threat to Chungking. Up to May 27 more than 4,000 Japanese dead had been removed from the battlefields, it was reported, and the all - front counterattacks of the last two days were said to have added thousands Generals of Free French Army Meet countcrattack at dawn on Saturday, as the Navy reported Sunday, and in the fighting which ensued the enemy force was annihilated. The group which moved up from the southwest apparently had ils most difficult going earlier in the- week, around Wednesday and Thursday, in crossing Fish-Hook ridge and knifing through the enemy-hold ridges lying belwecn the point of the the harbor. The Fish-Hook" and capture of the enemy position on the ridge had been announced Saturday. The third force moved in from the west, crossing the eastern and northern faces, or the long arm, of Fish-Hook ridge and cleaned oul enemy forces there from an area apparently lightly held. This force also then fought its way into the harbor area. A Navy spokesman stressed that the killing of 400 Japanese Saturday night was accomplished not. in a single battle but. in a series of small patrol actions and skirmishes. more. Chinese quarters here, predicting even better news in the next few days, said the tide was nvrncc through the brilliant execution o a well-conceived and large scale plan of campaign on both sides o the Yangtze, and particular!} southward of the river. General Hsueh Yueh, hero o the three battles in which the Jap anese failed to take Changsha, cap ital of Hunan province, was saic to have ordered his veteran troop on the North Hunan front "to di fighting rather than return hi milated.' It was said he told his genera he did not want to see them again if they had to return in defeat. The heartening sight of Allied planes overhead during the operations, carried out in difficult mountain territory, thrilled and stimulated the Chinese troops who, except for a few rare occasions, have been accustomed to fighting without air support and sabjct to blistering attacks from the air. Simultaneously with the land r.d- vances, Chinese headquarters an- nuonced that "a large number" of Allied heavy bombers, presumably American, and an escort of Chinese fighters teamed up Monday afternoon for the most shattering joint air victory ever achieved over the invaders in China. The big bombers scattered more than 10 tons of bombs on the Ichang airfield, destroying many grounded planes, and on the return tup the bombers and fighters accounted for 31 enemy inter- NEA Service Telephoto Army Signal Corps Radiotelephoto—shows Gen. Chas. De Gaulle, r, of Free Rrench Army Forces greeted on arrival by plane in Algeria by Gen. Henri Giraud, Comdr. Free French Forces N. Africa. The meeting of generals, signalized the agreement on future conduct of war by our French Allies quoting statement by Giraud. Rumania, Said Resisting Nazi Demands Reds Repulse Two Strong Nazi Attacks Little Rock unit arc on duty near the airport here. The diameter of the earth from pole to pole is about 27 miles less than that at the equator. The earth's weight is computed at six sexlilh'on, six hundred and sixty uuinlillion tuns. danger of enemy fire, the airfield Japanese have been building here for months and months. This is a 1000-yard strip with one end at the bay shore, the other end up in the Tundra. It varies in width from 100 feet to 100 yards and still has no suitable surface for airplanes. Trucks; roolers and salerpillar tractors abandoned on it were visible from a distance and I was puzzled about why it hadn't been finished untill 1 stopped on the strip itself. Then I saw that de- spile trucks; despite the fact the Japanese had gone to the trouble to import more than a mile of light steel rails and miner-type dirt cars to run on them, they still hadn't used mechanical engineering aids. There wasn't a sign of a bulldozer. A drainage ditch several miles long and a dozen feet deep had boon laboriously dug with narrow shovels. Shovels also were, used to cut into heavy tundra and loal cars which then were pushed lo parts of the field where filling was needed. No wonder it still is not finished! Engineering officers swear it could be made ready for use in five days with modern equipment, vehicles had been wrecked by shellfire or bombing. Mechanics say some probably arc repairable but the Japanese apparently never had time. •» f *»' The earth completes one side. (Tho vessels, which include.' tho battleship Lorraine and four cruisers, arc of questionable vain. 1 due to ago, their three-year immobilization and scarcity of trained crews. It was not. announced where they will be taken lo bo refitted.) 10-Day Course for Teachers Begins June 28 An extension course for white teachers will bo held at Hope High School for ten days beginning June 28th, E. E. Austin, County Supervisor, announced today. The subject will bo Public School Music, taught by a teacher who leads in this field. All teachers desiring this course should so inform the county supervisor of schools. A course of study for colored teachers will bo held at Ycrgor High School beginning June 7th. All colored teachers are urged lo take advantage of Ibis course. Man Arrested Here for Spa Officers City police yesterday arrested Otis Smilh, of Hope, for Hot Springs authorities who want him for in- rola- vestigatiou in connection with an Yanks Keep Up Attack on Italian Bases ceptor planes — 23 shot down and eight rfipve probably destroyed. All the Allied planes returned safely. The special communique said tiiat Chinese forces now are be- seiging Changynng, on!y 12 mile? below Ichang, indicating .in advance of about 20 miles snice the recaptu: e of Yuyangkwan, announced Sunday. By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North lion on its axis in 23 hours, 56 mill- I automobile theft, local police said I utes and 4.09 seconds. today. Africa, June 1 (/P)— The American air attack on Pantelleria and Sardinia, Italy's outpost islands, was maintained at a savage pace yesterday and Flying Forthesscs gave Foggia, the aviation and railway center on the mainland, its third heavy bombing in four days. Incurring ama/.infily low losses in the face of dwindling opposition the Americans shot down four of (lie enemy's planes in the sweep- inn assaults for a loss of two of their own. It was officially stated that the confirmed score for destruction of enemy aircraft in May was 337 planes shot dowiT. in combat, against an Allied loss of 108. "Large numbers of enemy aircraft were destroyed on the ground at the important Foggia airdrome." in the latest Flying Fortress Wnw, said the official statement, but, in accordance with the air command's new policy no exact figure was given. The airfield was blanketed with bursting bombs, and photographs showed severe damage to two hangars and barracks. The freight yards, station, boxcars and warehouses were left in tangled wreckage in the attack on railroad facilities. Foggia airdrome, 80 miles northeast of Naples and on the opposite side of the peninsula from Naples, was well known during the (Continued on Page Three) Commission Hears Private Power Fight Little Rock, Ark.. June 1 —WP>—A new fight between public and private power interests in Arkansas opened bore the State Utilities Commission today which an official of a National Rural Electrification organization declared would have nationwide repercussions. Before the commission was a request by the Arkansas Power Light Company to change provisions of its six-year-old contracts with Rural Electric Cooperatives so the private utility could charge a higher rate for power sold by the Co-ops in municipalities where they have distribution systems. Clyde T. Ellis, executive secretary of the National Rural Electrification Corporation, Washington, said the ruling in the case would set a precedence and "will affect the decisions made by regulatory bodies in the 48 states." The Arkansas Electric Coopera- tvie Corporation, an organization of 17 co-ops, asked dismissal of the A.P.— L., application, charging it was an attempt to repeal the State Rural Electrification Law and to restrict power development in rural areas. The A.P. •— L., contended the wholesale rates charged the Co-ops were "promotional," designed to Stimulate Rural Electric development, and were never intended to apply to municipalities. By FRANK J. O'BRIEN Ankara, Turkey, June 1 —(/P)— A bitter struggle has developed be tween Germany and Rumania over German . demands for furthci heavy sacrifices of Rumanain troops on the Russian front and increased contributions of food, reports reaching here from usually reliable informants said today. Rumania is strongly resisting these demands of a growing conviction, both among the people and their leaders, that Germany no longer stands a chance of winning the war these sources say. Hitler's ambassador, Baron Manfred Von Killinger and members of the German military mission in Rumania are said to be applying heavy pressure on the Axis satellite because of German fears that Russian it about to launch a gigantic offensive. Germany is pictures as rushing troops through Rumania daily toward the eastern front to re- enforce threatened sectors there end as calling on Rumania for a third full-scale expeditionary force to bolster Axis defenses. The outcome of the struggle is described as still doubtful, with Premier Ion Antonescu's foreign polcy emerging in the meantime as'a two-sided one aimed at preserving Rumanian nationalism after the war. Antonescu's government is saic to be encouraging fear of Russia for it believes lhat Red Army forces will roll westward following a German collapse and Rumania will need her full manpower to defend her borders. Government leaders also are said to hope that Rumania's refusal to help Germany further will win Allied sympathy toward her post-war position among her hostile neighbors. Relations between Rumania and Hungary are extremely tense, and have been since Hungary seized Transylvania in 1940 in a deal dictated from Virtually Every One of Lewis' Men on Strike By The Associated P r ess Ignoring stern warnings from President Roosevelt that a nationwide coal strike, could not be tolerated, virtually every one of John L. Lewis' united mine workers stayed away from the government- operated pits today despite continuing negotiations to reach a contract. Although not a strike in the view of the bushy-browed UMW chieftain, who said his men simply would refuse to trespass on mine property at the expiration of a twice-extended contract, the stoppage nonetheless halted the flow of vital fuel to the nation's war- busy industrial plants. The walkout appeared by noon to be virtually 100 per cent effective in all fields operating with UMW personnel, although a number of mines continued in production; They ar e manned, however either by non-union workers, those affiliated with the AFL Progressive Mine Workers union or with independent unions. At least one exception was reported, however. Mines in the Pittsburgh, Kas., field, in UMW district 14, reported all men at work except for a 10-man crew 61 shovel loaders. The number remaining at work was not immediately avvailable. Soft coal operators resumed their negotiations with Lewis on portal- to-portal pay chief stumbling block in the contract talks — at 11:15 a.m. Neither side had any comment. The White House was silent, although Mr. Roosevelt in a radio address to the minners and to the; nation May 2 — a day after he di- London, June 1 — (/P) — German forces launched two strong counter-attacks .in the Lisichansk area of the Donets rvier front last night, ' but were thrown back to their, in-1 rected Secretary., Ickes to take over-? iial position with heavy losses, the operation of the pits during the midday Soviet communique said today. Ignoring German reports that the Nazis had launched a strong drive on the western front above Smolensk, the communique, which was broadcast from Moscow and •ecorded by the Soviet Monitor here, mentioned only artillery act- Berlin. Antonescu's fear of trouble with his Balkan neighbors, informed sources said, has led him also to seed the support of Turkey, whose relations with Rumania and Hungary are described as excellent. The Allied Tunisian victory, these sources added, was secretly cheered by the Rumanians, who on in that general area and said Russian detachments had scouted German positions there. The German version of the Snio- ensk assualt declared yesterday that Nazi troops had attacked "on a fairly large front ' to stra.ghten the batlleline. The Russians were dislodged despite strong resis- tace, said the Berlin radio, which claimed the Germans were holding their new positions. However, the German high command failed to bear out this DNB version of activity, and announced in its communique today That the eastern front was generally quiet except for local fighting along the Kuban in the Caucasus. The coinnu'nique, recorded from Berlin broadcasts, said 51 Russian planes were shot down yesterday in heavy air fighting. The Russian communique indicated a continuation of the aeria warfare whcih characterized the fighting through May. Ten German planes were destroyed on the ground when Red airmen raided an enemy airdrome near Lisi chansk, and four more were shot down in aerial combat, the com- munique said. Henry Ford Is Elected Ford Co. President coal crisis — said the war effort "must not be hampered by any one individual or by the leaders of any one group here back home." The chief executive spoke at that time only hours after Lewis had announced the second extension of the coal truce under which the mines had been operating since April 1 — an extension that expired last midnight. That expiration brought no word, from Lewis to his men. But none was needed. He had made clear previously that the miners would lot "trespass" when the contract •an out. now hope for an Allied drive Detroit, June 1 — (.'P) Henry through the Balkans which would place them under the safety of British and American occupation. Ex-Hempstead Woman, Son Drowned Mrs. Louise Britt, 29, and her son, Joseph, seven, were drowned in Warrior river near Birmingham, Ala., last. Saturday when their automobile went off a ferry. Mrs. Britt, formerly of Blcvins, is the granddaughter of Martin Hendrix, of Blevins. She is survived by her husband, Joseph Brill, her mother, Mrs. Freda Bailey of near Blevins, and two brothers, Thomas Hartless. of Columbia, Tenn., and Sgt. Weltae Hartless, of Hawaii. Ford today was elected president of the Ford Motor Company, taking over the office vacated last week with the death of his son Edsel Bryant Ford. Other officers elected include Charles E. Sorensen. vice - president; B.J. Craig, vice - president and treasurer; H. L. Moekle, secretary and assistant treasurer. Directors elected are: Henry Ford, Henry Ford II., Benson Fora, Mrs. Eleanor Frod (Mrs. Edsel Ford), Harry H. Bennett, H. L Bricker, R. R. Rausch, Sorensen and Craig. Henry Ford II and Benson Ford are sons of Edsel Ford, who was the only son of the 79 - year - old founder of the company. New in the directorate are Mrs. Edsel Ford, Bennett, Bricker, Craig and Rausch. Bennett has been personnel manager and long Ford's closest lieutenant in carrying out matters of policy and management. Bricker has been plant manager of the great Ford-operated Willow Run bomber plant; Crajg has been assistant treasurer and Rausch in charge of production activities in the By The Associated Press Work whistles sounded in vain at most of this country's government-operated coal mines today as by far the greater proportion of John L. Lewis's United Mine Workers again followed his injunction against "trespassing" on mine property in the absence of-a contract. Expiration at midnight of the twice-extended truce which kept the war-vital pits operating despite deadlocked wage negotiations brought no word from the UMW chifetain to his men. But none was needed. He had made clear previously that the miners would not "trespass" when the contract ran out. First reports from the coal fields (Continued on Page Three) 8,000 Miners in Arkansas Out on Strike Fort Smith, June 1— (J?i— All large mines in Ihe Arkansas-Oklahoma field were reported shutr down today, as approximately 8,000 UMW members stayed away from the pits. A check of the Fort Smith area revealed that all union mines were cjosed. A few small mines, non-union, were reported in operation. Opcators said no negotiations were underway, pending outcome of the national situation. Miners and operators in the 130- mine field had entered a temporary agreement April 3 to continue working under the old scale until the new Appalachian contract was signed, at which time this contract would be adopted for the Arkansas- Oklahoma field and payment made retroactive to April 1. This temporary agreement could be revoked on five-day notice by either contracting party, and on May 14, Muskogee, Okla., Davis UMW Fowler district president, gave notice the agreement would be abrogated at midnight May 18. However, before ex- priation fo the five days, he an^ u, P i W «vw»» „.,„-.,v, ... nounced an indefinite extension of Rouge plant, parent factory the agreement, but did not with- of the Ford organization. draw notice of abrogation.
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