The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on November 1, 1961 · Page 5
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 5

Ottawa, Kansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 1, 1961
Page 5
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Hard To Assess Fallout's Danger EDITOR'S NOTE—Soviet weapons testing has set off a worldwide wave of concern over radioactive fallout. Can the hazards, to you and your family, be accurately assessed? What's the best scientific consensus? This is the first of three articles on the subject. By ALTON BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Writer NEW YORK (AP)-The scariest word of the day is fallout. But experts say no one can point to any human being and declare: "He's been hurt by fallout from* bomb tests." Or: "That woman's baby will be born defective because of fallout, or her grandchildren will." The odds are practically nil that present amounts of fallout will hurt you as an individual. Yet it is equally true that some people somewhere will be damaged or will die too soon—possi- by ultimately thousands of peo- ple—from fallout already loosed by bomb tests. The Soviet 50-megaton bomb test could add perhaps hundreds or even thousands of potential victims to the list. But one fact must be made clear. All such estimates mean thousands out of hundreds of millions or even billions of persons who would be born in the next 30, 50 to 100 years or more. "Fallout" triggers a host of IVasora On Education Successful Students Have Goals In Mind other scary words: Radioactivity | the amount of natural radioactiv- Mystery. Bone cancer. "Poisoned j ity in which all humans have al- milk" for babies. Children ways lived, doomed from bad genes. Leuke- Current Soviet tests could mia. Strontium. Ashes of death. Fallout stirs vast emotions, including worry that testing of weapons increases chances of nuclear war. For 15 years, scientists have been gathering the story about fallout. By DR. LESLIE J. NASON Professor of Education USC \\\\y is there such a wide gulf between obvious intelligence and eventual achievement? How come the bright young chap, who seemingly has everything going for him, never quite matches his potential? At alumni gatherings and class man, is the desire to achieve, the burning desire to get somewhere. On the basis of more than 40 years' teaching experience, this writer must concur with Terman And he will go a step farther: The drive to achieve advances not only gifted persons, but the average person as well. The person of only average ability is likely to reumoas, this can be an ing line of conversation. But in educational circles, it's a real problem. And it's an even bigger problem for the nation as a whole. All too ! e w of us achieve as much as we might or supply t h e NASON energy needed to make the most of our ability. In short, even though we may have it intellec-j tually and physically, we don't do j enough with it. I Great men had it and mad«| something of it. Others had itj and didn't. • Some investigators estimate; that as few as one-fifth of those | with superior ability to operate i at the level which best serves' themselves, their nation and their j time in history. Saddest part of the story comes when we reflect the probable loss in terms of service to society and in standards of living. Why this wide difference between ability and achievement? An early theory (Lange-Eichbaum) was that the great achievement stems from emotional ten- gions that border on the abnormal. This theory might explain an Adolph Hitler, but not a Churchill or a George Washington. Lewis M. Terman, writing in The American Psychologist, declared that this study of many gifted persons established their success as associated with stability — not instability. The big difference between those at the top and those at the bottom of the ladder, wrote Ter- - 8 et where he wants to go if he wants to badly enough. Why do some persons have this to achieve, and others desire don't? a. They feel secure. They feel that their parents approve of their goals. 4. They recognize and appreciate the help and encouragement their parents give them. This is a key for parents, teachers and counselors. Check up on But they cannot yet answer a key question: Exactly how little radiation does it take to cause human cancer or leukemia? Or to damage the genes which determine the inheritance of our children? This is one basis for statements by scientists which seem confusing often to the public. Some say the effects from past and present fallout are too tiny even to measure. They do not deny there will not be some ef- 1 fects. Others estimate numbers. Thus Dr. Linus Pauling, Nobel Prize-winning chemist, estimates 40,000 children would be born with physical and mental defects as a direct consequence of a single 50-megaton bomb. He says this would happen during the next several generations—€0 to 90 years or more—among an estimated 100 million children born each year increase the added amount by two- Lhirds. But that still means perhaps a total over-all of 5 to 6 per cent more radiation than has always existed naturally. What, first of all, is the natural or background radiation? • It means that 5,400 potassium every minute, atoms break The writer's studies of superior students show that drive to achieve is strongly linked with definite plans for the future. 1. The most successful students are goal-minded. 2. They have quite definite vocational goals. the goals or lack of goals of the all around the world, non-achieving boy or girl. Search for a possible cause for lack of direction, lack of goals. It may be poor eyesight, poor hearing, inadequate study skills, no confidence in his ability. (Even gifted persons often feel stupid.) Help the pupil set his sights on a goal, and start him on his way. (Write Dr. Nason in care of this newspaper. He will discuss questions of general interest in his articles.) Railroad Fight Still Going SAN FRANCISCO (AT)- Santa Fe and Southern Pacific continued their fight Tuesday over which railroad has public support is bid for control over i Pacific. ! At the close of Tuesday's hearing before an Interstate Commerce Commission examiner, Santa Fe introduced an analysis by a San Francisco consultant, Arthur C. Jenkins, purporting to show that the ratio of public support to date is 3.69 to 1 for Santa Fe Southern Pacific immediately challenged the analysis as "distorted for publicity reasons." Jenkins' new report supplemented one introduced earlier giving the ratio as 2 to 1. Jenkins said it took into account petitions filed in 16 states by boards of supervisors, city councils, public districts and commissions, chambers of commerce, also agricultural, labor and other organizations. A spokesman for Southern Pacific said Jenkins "conveniently ignored several hundred organizations which have expressed positions in this case through resolu- [tions or even personal appearances on the stand by witnesses." Hijacker To Appeal EL PASO. Tex. (AP)-Airplane hijacker Leon Bearden, Fallout even from the Soviet tests, says a U. S. Public Health Service official, "is a cause for concern, but not yet for alarm." Look at the significant details in the fallout story, and you can judge better for yourself what the hazards are. First, fallout can be a lion or a mosquito, relatively speaking. The lion-sized danger would come in H-bomb warfare. Bombs striking cities and missile bases would suck up millions of tons of dirt, making it highly radioactive, carrying it perhaps 20 miles high In an hour, it would start falling down, carpeting great areas A-ith radioactivity if they did not have shelter. down and emit rays in the body of a 130-pound person. Every minute, more than 2,000 radioactive carbon-14 atoms explode also. You get in food the radioactive potassium, which has always been on the earth. Carbon-14 atoms, created by cosmic rays, drift down from the atmosphere to enter living plants, animals, and human beings. Cosmic rays zip through the human body at a rate of about 1,000 per minute, and some might I cause genetic changes. If you live at an altitude of one mile, as in Denver, you are hit by twice as many cosmic rays as persons at sea level. We all breathe radioactive gases from radium and thorium. Uranium, radium and thorium in the ground, and in rocks, in cement and in bricks, shoot at you constantly with X-rays. All of this unavoidably adds up to an average exposure of about 4'/2 roentgens of radiation in 30 years of living. Roentgens are a measure of radiation intensity. An efficient X-ray of the chest exposes you to l-10th to 1-25 of one roentgen. A 5 per cent increase in radiation due to bomb test fallout means that in 30 years, the aver age person would get exposed to about l-5th of a roentgen more. But there are other important considerations beyond this. Next: Fallout and effects on heredity tenced to life in a federal prison, says he will appeal. The Coolidge, Ariz., resident and his son, Cody, were sentenced Tuesday for the Aug. 3 hijacking of a Continental Airlines jet over southern New Mexico. Bearden drew the life sentence i on a kidnaping count. He got an-11" other 25 years on two other j charges. Cody, who will be 17 Nov. 13, was sentenced to a federal correctional institution until he is 21. He pleaded guilty to taking a stolen vehicle across a state line In 48 hours, it would lose 99 per cent of its intensity, and become , safe enough so you could move >sen ' j about, or get out of the area. Fallout from bomb testing is a Rockefeller, Goldwater On Spot? WASHINGTON (AP)-Richard M. Nixon has put Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York and Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., on the spot by inviting them to fight in the primaries for the 1964 GOP presidential nomination. Nixon, seeking the California governorship in 1962, has declared himself out of the presidential primaries and has implied that his support will go to the man who proves to be the best vote- getter in the period before the national convention. Rockefeller needs to get reelected next year before he can even start thinking about such primaries. These contests, which President Kennedy demonstrated in 1960 can build a man up for the nomination and knock others down, come at an inconvenient time for a New York governor to be away from his job. He has a legislature on his hands during much of the time when he might need to be beating the bushes in other states for support. Goldwater's problem is somewhat different. He has to decide whether he wants to run for president — or vice president — or whether he wants another term in the Senate. Goldwater has the feeling that if he ventures into presidential primaries the home folk will conclude he is tired of his Senate job. THE OTTAWA HKRAL.D C Wednesday, November 1, 1961 ' Spreckles Death Due To A Fall PHOENIX, Ariz. (AP)-A coroner's jury Tuesday attributed the death of multimillionaire Adolph B. Spreckels n to an accidental fall. Spreckels, 49, died last week after striking his head against i stone column at a Phoenix motel An autopsy showed he suffered i brain hemorrhage. I mosquito compared with war bombings. Scientists generally agree that all the radioactivity from testing —until the Soviets resumed—had increased by only a few per cent "Imagination Hits the Ceiling" with new concepts in acoustical ceiling tile and correlated floor tile designed by JOHNS - MANVILLE NUZMAN LUMBER 113 E. 1st CH 2-1572 KEEN TV SERVICE 114 S. Main CH 2-3490 JUST A SLIVER! NOW YOU CAN INSERT A "Card of Thanks" Compared with other living eosh which have more than DOUBLED... THE PRICE OF ELECTRICITY IS STILL AS L(W AS IT WAS IN 19391* THEN WHV ARE ELECTRIC SERVICE BILLS MORE TODAY? The antwer la ilmple. You and your friends and neighbor* are mine more electricity • far more than ever before . .. to onlay talavHon, radio end W-fl... to IfeM end heat and coel your hornet... to cook, clean and eew ... to wain, dry and Iron yow clothea ... to protect perlihaMo fbode . . . u» weth dhhoe... to de e host of other daffy chorea around ntehouee. Fact la—famWea «e aerve are mine more then 3 time ea much electricity today ee they did 20 yaera afot •.•member, toe, the Mil you |et la for two hid months of electric eonrlce. Divide your two-month Ml by M. Sea hew NHIe B coots a day to Live Better ... HectricaNyi •emit M MM 2Jc par MwitMMiir rat. M «Mck •utt tipflmcK Inv* kMn x)d«d >in» 1939. Lets fbM tv* cent* out of the average budget dollar goes (or electric service! KANSAS CITY POIVER ft LIGHT COMPANY or "In Memoriam 1 Notice in the Classified Columns For Only 4<t 70c Minimum Per Word Ottawa Herald Over 25,000 Readers Daily I Just send your name and address to Anchor Savings. By return mail you will receive a special postage-free SAVE-BY-MAIL envelope, which will carry your checks or money orders safely. WRITE OR PHONE NOWI SAVINGS STARTED BY THE 10th OF THE MONTH EARN FROM THE 1st! ANCHOR YOUR FUTURE TO THE ANCHOR BRAND OF SAVINGS Save where your money is SAFE - INSURED by th« Federal Savings & Loan Insurance Corporation Your Savings Karn \% Current Annual Dividends Compounded Semi-Annually *& ([anchor t-xj [^ S\VI^(,S ASS04 I\T10.\ ^^ HARRY f. WEST, PRESIDENT 235 SOUTH MAIN. OTTAWA, KANSAS • CH 2-1400 7H1 MINNESOTA, KANSAS I'lTY, KANSAS 5601 JOHNSON DRIVE. MISSION. KANSAS 8017 FLOYD, OVERLAND PARK. KANSAS 737 MASSACHUSETTS, IAWRENCE, KANSAS 3740 W. 95TH ST.. LEAWOOD, KANSAS POME OFFICE- Kansas CUy, Kansas

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