. ' f i "i Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 194 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. The Weather Arkansas: Scattered showers and thunderstorms today and in east portion early tonight; little temperature change this afternoon and tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 31, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Allied Planes Blast Naples _ . . i ? ^^^i Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN - Supreme Court Upholds Ruling on Compensation North Asia— The Shape of Things to Come Over the week-end American troops climaxed a 20-day campaign by wiping out the last of the Japanese invasion force which had captured Attu. This reverses the tide along the Aleutian islands, which now may become American "stepping stones" to Asia—instead of to Alaska, as the Japs had hoped. ~ ® The Altu adventure is important in many ways. It is important because, under tlv.: mosl difficult conditions imaginable, America arrived on Atlu with plenty of force and dispatched iiie whole job in less than three weeks. Navy, Air Force and Infantry synchronized in a perfect altack. The fall of Attu is important for Ihc further reason thai il lies beyond Kiska, Ihc firsl and main base seized by the Japanese in the Aleutians. Kiska therefore would appear lo be doomed, surrounded by American air bases and by an ocean controlled by our Navy. And finally, the fall of Altu inevitably poinls Ihe way for United Nation's thrusts direct at Japan proper. This brings up the most important ot all subjects in Asia— whether Russia will now .shake loose from her position as ,i ncr.- tral in the U.S.-Japanese war and give us bases on the Russian land lips that approach Japan where the Aleutian islands leave off. This summer may tell the story. Russian hostility to Japan is a mailer of history—ever since tnc Japs beat Czarist Russia lo her knees a generation ago. And Russia, particularly under the Stalin regime, has constantly published her belief that Asia, not Europe, is the true sphere of influence for the U.S.S.R.— which makes a collision with Japan inevitable sooner or later. This summer may tell the story about Russia and Japan, for, while S^nli^-miiy be, unwilling .to risk a .war"oi>-two" fronts, it the Gerrnans strike at him again and fail, or fail to strike-at all, the Russian, leader may well judge that the time has come to deal with Japan in Ihc East simultaneously with a British- American attack on the continent of Europe. And those are our thoughts as we read that America has retaken Atlu, lonely little island far out in Ihc Pacific reaches of Ihe Aleutians. Little Rock, May 31 —(/I 1 )— Enforcing the general ruling it made recently in the Crossctt Lumber Co. case the supreme court held today that Southern Kraft Corp. of Camden was not required to pay unemployment compensation contributions for timber cullers since they were employes of independent contractors. Reversing Pulaski circuit court, the high tribunal held that Clyde Cooper, a timber contractor, rather than Kraft, was liable for contributions paid for Judge Canada, a Negro timber cutler who filed for unemployment compensation benefits. An appeal by Labor Commissioner W. J. McCain from a Pulaski circuit court holding thai Crossctt Lumber Co. was entitled to a $23,000 refund on contributions paid for timber cutters since 1937 was advanced by the court for submission June 21. The advancement made possible a decision June 28. 'Affirming CJlurk circuit court the tvra.inal wR ftj.'c_i-' : thnt"A1ffcdM'.""*Mc-'' Kamey, Gurdon railway employe, was entillcd to recover a $480 judgment from the benefit association of railway employes under an accident insurance policy. McKamcy based his claim upon an eye injury caused by a creosote solution. He recovered last week a $10,000 judgment from the Missouri Pacific railway on Ihe basis of the injury. Also affirmed was a Sebastian circuit court holding that Patrick S. Kennedy was entitled to recover workmen's compensation benefits from the Solid Stool Scissors Co., Fort Smith, at the rate of $15.50 a week during his disability. Kennedy contended he contracted an industrial disease — bronchicctasis — from dust particles caused by buffing operation. Title to 95 acres of land in the bay and St. Francis drainage district No. 29 of Craighcad county was vested in Roy Sparks and L. W. Norton in a decision affirming Craighcad chancery court. Four minor children of the laic Mayo Cole of near Lake Cily claimed title to the tract as their homestead bul Ihc high court said Cole had f o r f c i I e d homestead rights by 'failure to pay stale or improvement district taxes. Sparks and Norton purchased the land from Ihe drainage district. Holding that Pulaski circuit court erred in directing a verdict for Ihc Yellow Cab Co., Inc., Lilllc Rock, the supreme court ordered a now trial in suits brought by Mrs. E. F. Mctcalf, Auburn N. Y., and the Nalional Fire Insurance Co. for alleged loss of baggage by a cab driver. Mrs. MelcaU sued for .$1,400.15 and the i n s u r anc e cmopany sought recovery of $320 it paid Mrs. Mctcalf's .daughter-in-law under an insurance policy on hci baggage. The high court denied a rehearing in three consolidated cases in which it held thai Ihc Revenue Department could not collect sales tax on purchases by Arkansas residents from oul-of-slalo concerns maintaining business relations in this slate. British Planes Account for 5 Axis Subs least been Gen, Tinker's Son is Listed Missing Tampa, Fla., May 31 f/T>) — Mrs. Clarence L. Tinker, widow of Maj. Gen. Tinker, the first American general to lose his life in combat in this war, said today she had received word from the adjutanl general thai her son, Major Clarence L. Tinker, Jr.. 27, was missing in action in North Africa. She said she had no details, but at MacDill Field, which had general Tinker as its first commander, officers said the son was the pilol of a fighter plane and the commander of his squadron. General Tinker, former commander of the Hawaiian air force, was lost at sea leading a flight of bomfors against the Japanese in the battle of Midway June (j. London, May 31 (/I')— At five Axis submarines have blasted to the Atlantic ocean's depths by RAF planes in weird air-sea buttles and more of the U- boat pack may have been added to the toll in a 10-day period, the British air ministry has announced. Pianos of the coaslal command foughl Adolf Hitler's sea wolves with depth bombs and withstood lively gunfire from the submarines' artillery to sink the U-boats, one west of Iceland, one south of Iceland, and three near the Bay of Biscay, it was announced yesterday. "Several other attacks wore made by the coastal command aircraft during the same 10 - day period," Ihc bullelin said. "The destruction of submarines in these further operations in not confirmed but on several occasions spreading patches of oil and wreckage on the surfcac indicated that the U-boat had been damaged." The Admiralty also announce lhal four German trawlers and two motor gunboats were set ablaze in a 45-minulc clash with light British navel forces off Dunkcrfluc Saturday morning, with the British losing one boat. At last account, the German boats were wildly firing at one another in the melee, Ihe admiralty said. One of Ihe trawlers blew up and another was seen sinking. A German communique apparently referring to Ihe same action asserle five British speedboats were sunk and two crippled. Three Arkansas Boys Wounded in Africa Washington, June 1 — (if)— The War Department made public today th e names of three Arkansas soldiers wounded in action in North Africa. They were, with next of kin: Sgt. Olen C. Collins, father. Leonard J. Collins, Tontilown. Pfc. Walter L. Cowell, sisler, Miss Delia Cowell, Rt. 2. l.amar. Pfc. Amuel L. Hoselton, sister, Mrs. Lorine Runyan, Picket (near Trumann). Chinese Counter Ousts Japs From Several Points -—War in Pacific Chingking, May 31— (ff>). — Chinese troops, supported by (he United States 14lh air force which heavily damaged Japanese installations near Ichang and at Yochovv, oc- upicd a number of points in the tfupch-Hunan border region in an "all front" counter offensive in Central China and cut enemy communications at many points cast of Lake Tungting, a Chinese com- munique said today. Yesterday, the Chinese annuonc- cd the recapture of Yuyangkwan, 35 miles south of Ichang where 2,000 Japanese casualties were inflicted in the greatest Chinese success since the the invaders started .hrusling along the Yangtze valley toward Chungking. A communique from Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. StilwcU's U. S. headquarters said Warhawk fighters ind Liberator bombers "operating in collaboration with Chinese air and ground forces" had attacked he two important supply and ,roop concentration points in the last three clays. Yochovv on the Yangtze was divebombcd by the Warhawk in two attacks Friday and a g a i n Sunday. Warehouses, rail yards, rolling stock, dock and shipping facilties were hit. "Preliminary reports indicate extensive damage" to Yochow objectives, the U. S. communique said. The liberators "heavily bombed island artillery and supply concentrations off Ichang in the "Y a n g t z e" Saturday. No American plane was lost in any ot the missions. The Chinese bulletin said Chiang Kai-Shek's troops broke into the east gate of Sinyang, a Japanese base in south Honan province, Friday night and inflicted serious damage. The Chinese declared the Japanese were being pursued toward Nichchicho after being ousted from Yuyangkwan. The capture of Changyang, 12 miles below Ichang was declared imminent. Machinist Union May Join CIO Washington, May 31 —(/I 1 )— The International Association of Machinists, which terminates 41! years Labor today, is reliably reported seeking an "understanding" with the CIO which may load to a working agreement, or even affiliation. The machinists' executive board, which voted lo quit the federation after a rank and file referendum authorized the move, is still in session here and has summoned 300 field represetalives to the capital to canvass the possibility of working out a jurisdictional row with the Carpenters' Union that led Ihc machinists lo quit Ihe AFL. The membership of the machinists is sharply divided on the question of affiliating with the CIO. Such a slop, even if authorized, would require negotiations with the CIO's United Auto Workers, which is the machinists' most vigorous rival. In the aircraft fcild, the rivalry is intense. Machinists' Union officials arc understood to be seriously concerned about the possibility of even more intense competition, now thai they have shorn themselves oC the right lo assistance and cooperation of other AFL unions. The machinists so far have not cut their tics to the Al''L metal trade departments and central labor unions, but il is believed their decision not to pay older craftmen i n Ihc union arc eration may strain relations locally and invite more intense warfare with CIO unions. Since it entered the aircraft field, particularly, the 1AM has shattered craft barriers and is more like an industrial union. This older craftsmen in the union are reported generally to oppose CIO affiliation, bul a substantial number of the newcomers arc understood lo favorit. Top officials, reliable sources said, are fearful of a cleavage in the union as well as pressure from outside unions unless some understanding is reached. George W, Turner Draft Delinquent George William Turner has been listed as delinquent by the Hempstead County Draft Board for failure to appear for a physical ex:;m- ination. He is given until June 3, at 10 a. m., to report lo Ihe local board. Americans Are Victorious in Battle for Attu —Washington Washington, May 31 —(/P)— The battle of Altu is over, and the Stars and Stripes once again fly over the barren but strategically important, little island at the western end of the Aleutians. Scattered snipers and possibly a few isolated machine gun nests are all that remain to oppose United States troops who freed from invaders the first American soil to be recaptured in this .war and started the northern route march toward Tokyo. The latest report on the mopping- up operations, which may require days, was told by the Navy today in a one-sentence communique No. 30G: "North Pacific: 1. On May 30lh, United States army forces on Altu island continued in the mopping up of the remaining Japanese pockets of .resistance." The loss of Atlu, which has been conceded by the Japanese, leaves the enemy garrsion on Kiska virtually cut off. A battle in which American troops struck with guns, bayonets, rifle butts, fists and knives marked the end of the 20-day campaign. "It was the biggest battle on Altu," said a navy spokesman in reporting annihilation of the last large enemy force on the island. "The Attu battle is won," declared Col. R. Ernest Dupuy, chief of the War Departments news division. He gave no details in his weekly broadcast review of war news. Japan appeared to agree, for the enemy boradcast a communique telling of a "final blow against the enemy main force." In that battlcii the enemy broadcast asserted "it is thought that the entire number of our force has completely perished." A subsequent Tokyo broadcast, seeking to idealize the defeat, asserted "Japanese troops launched the final attack on Attu after shouting 'Banzai 1 for the emperor and making bows toward the imperial palace in Tokyo." The broadcast told of gaps developing in Japanese ranks until "only a few more than 100 men remained and they sent a message to Tokyo 'remembering the honor of Japanese soldiers, wo arc going into the fight Continued on Page Four) Calender of Events in the Aleutian Area By The Associated Press The Japanese moved inlo the Western Aleutians early in June, 1942. By spring, 194H, they had almost completed airdrome construction on Atlu and Kiska. / Meanwhile, Ihc United States was moving up on the Japanese, establishing a base on the Andreanof islands in October, 1942, and on Amchita island in January of this year. Here arc the highlights in our capture of Attu, following the American landing operalions: May 11—U. S. Army forces land on Attu, supported by Navy and air force units. May 18 — Northern troops from Holtz Bay meet southern forces advancing from Massacre Ray. May 20 — American troops, under Maj. Gen. Eugene Landrum, drive J.-inanese into pocket around Chichagof harbor. Airfield captured. May 22 — Enemy forces split into three isolated groups. May 24—Americans mop up once center of resistance in Chichagof valley. May 25 — U. S. Naval ship bombards Enemy shore instal- lalions in Chcihagof area. Fliers bomb Kiska. May ?(i — Americans got hold on high ground south of Chichaeof after heavy hand to hand fighting. May 27 —• Japanese position on Fishhook Ridge captured. Americans atlack ridge lo Ihc cast after artillery and mortar preparation. May 28 — Enemy pocketed in area formed between the north wall of Chichagof valley, Holtz Bay Pass and Chi- chagof harbor. May 29 — Main Japanese forces annihilated in unsuccessful counter-attack. Tokyo broadcasts admission ot defeat on Attu. ^ First Casualties Returned to United States Nervous Nazis Set Invasion Date, June 22 By JOHN COLBURN Stockholm, May 31 — (/P)~ The German radio suggested "der tag" for Allied invasion fo the continent was Juno 22, attributing its information loday to "confidential and well informed quarters in London." As invasion jitters intensified in Germany, Nazi officialdom renewed its efforts to split Russia, Britain and the United Stales, Berlin dispatches to Swedish newspapers indicated. The German press continued to harp that the "Hliler first" stra- legy of the United Nations was dangerous. The Berlin correspondent of Svenska Dagbladct declared President Roosevelt can now order Premier Stalin of Russia how lo act. '" The propaganda line in the. Reich capital was this: That Roosevelt ordered Stalin to dissolve the Communist international and that Roosevelt now holds three trump cards in dealing with the Russians. The Germans described these as follows: (1) The North African victory of the U. S.-British forces enables the two nations to throw their own ground forces against Europe: (2) Russia must depend on the U. S. and Britain for food and material: and (3) Russia is having difficulties with war industries and other bad conditions exist o n the Soviet home front. The German radio spoke increasingly of June 22 as the day when the Allies would hurl their full offensive power against the "European fortress." They pointed out that this was the date of the German-French armistice of 1940. "The majority of London newspapers present the air raids on Germany, Ilaly and France as an artillery barrage immedialely preceding Ihe attack by infantry," the Berlin radio said. Dispatches from Helsinki said the peoples there, adopted a resolution yesterday urging the best possible relationship between Finland and the United States. The party also requested the Finnish governmenl to relax its rigid censorship to maintain strong Democratic ideals, and asked the Government to collaborate fully with Scandinavian countries. C: -4. it- i , NEA Service Telephoto First casualties returned to the United States from Attu recuperate Northwest Army hospital at Seattle L to R • Pvt n , n I' DT f ^ nen ' A QS A land ' Tex ' ; Pvt Jose P h E - Ken ski! Detroit; Pvt. James A. Meredith, Springfield, III.; Pvt. Woodrow W. French, Greenwood, Miss., and Sgt. Forrest W Johnson, Flatriver, Mo, Much Damage Also at Foggis, in South Italy —Africa Seven-Man Board to Rule Free French By EDWARD KENNEDY Algiers, May 31 (fp)— A seven- man executive committee was set up today under the joint presidency of Gen. Charles do Gaulle and Gen. Henri Giraud to govern liberated Frenchmen and French territory and to direct the French war effort until their homeland is freed. The members, in addition ' to de Gaulle and Giraud, are Rene Massigli and. Andre Philipe, who were designated by de Gaulle; Gen. Alphonse Go'erges and Jean Monnct who were named by Giraud; and Gen. Georges Catroux, who was accepted by both. Two places were left vacant and perhaps they will be filled by leaders who may arrive in the future. All those on the committee assembled in a secret place in Algiers. In effect the committee created itself and, while the meeting started only as a session of a group of men, it ended as the assembly of France's new governing body. Catroux, high commissioner for Syria, is a five star general who served as liaison officer between de Gaulle and Giraud in preliminary negotiations for unity. Georges, the western front commander of French armies before the fall of France, arrived in Algiers only recently from France, foreign commissioner. Philipe was Fighting French commissioner for interior and labor. Monnet is a French financial expert. Algiers became in effect the provisional capital of France. While organized only as a com mittee and not recognized by the United States and Britain as the government of France, the mem bcrs will head ministries similar to those of a government. Formation of the government itself will come, according to announced plan, af tcr an Allied victory frees all the French empire and the French people are free to choose their leaders. Hudson Elected Chief of Spanish War Vets Hot Springs, May 31 —(/I 1 )—Walter C. Hudson, Pine Bluff, was elected commander of the Arkansas Department of United Spanish War Veterans, and Camdcn was chosen the 1944 convention site at the closing session of the annual convention here today. Hudson succeeds W. J. McCain, Little Rock, state labor commissioner, who became presdient of the past-department - commanders' club. Other officers chosen were R. T. Frick, Little Rock, senior vice- commander, and H. H. McFann. El Dorado, junior vice - commander. The department auxiliary, meeting jointly, elected Mrs. Peralle Jeukins, Camden, president; Mrs. Mattic Watts, Hot Springs, vice- president; and Mrs. Bertha Collins, Fort Smith, junior vice president. Department members passed a resolution calling for enlargement of all military cemeteries in the state, especially the one at Little Rock, and asked that control be taken from the War Department and vested in the veterans administration. Department Chaplain Fred R. Hamilton, Siloam Springs, was endorsed for the post of national junior vice-commander. Allies Acquire French Navy at Alexandria London, May 31 — (/P) — The French Naval Squadron at Alexandria came over to the Allies voluntarily following negotiations with Gen. Henri Giraud, it was officially confirmed here today. These sources said the Vichy charge that the squadron had been starved inlo • submission was "quite untrue." The report of the fleet joining Ihe Allies wa^ first broadcast yesterday by the Berlin radio. The squadron has been tied up at the Egyptian Naval baso since the fall of France in June, 1940, under an agreement between Ihe British and French Vice Admiral Rene Emil Godfrey. It consists of the 20,000 - ton battleship Lorraine, the heavy cruisers Duqucsne, Tourville and Souf- j fren, the light cruiser Duguay Stilwell in London for War Talks London, May 31 — (ff>) — Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, United States commanding general in China, India and Burma, har arrived in London and immediately "discussed integration of military plans in the global war" with Lieut. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, commander in the European theater of operations. An announcement today from headquarters described Stilwell's visit as a stopover on a trio to the Orient. , - ; • Accompanying SHlwell were Major Gen. R. D. Olds, chief of staff of the Tenth Air Force, and Col. Frank Merrill, StilwelTs assistant chiaf of staff in charge of operations. They were met by Major Gen. Idwal Edwards, chief of staff of the European theater of operations, and representatives of the British army and the RAF. Stilwell said his trip to Britain aboard a C-54 transport plane was "fine and uneventful." As usual, his party travelled light. Their summer uniforms looked strange in London where U. S. officers wear wool all the year. "Uncle Joe" said his trip to China, where he is Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's chief of staff as well, would be via various thealers of operations so he would be able to coordinate his plans with those of other commanders. "I'm just calling on the com Continued on Page Four) Yanks Destroy 351 German Planes in May By LEO BRANHAM London, May 31 —(JP)—American bombers based on Britain destroyed 351 enemy planes in May and dropped 70 per cent more bombs in their inne raids than in any previous month, anc the RAF dumped 10,500 tons of explosives in eight major attacks, it was announced tonight. The Eighth United States Ail Force did not specify the bomb load in raids on 20 targets in Ger many, France, Belgium and Hoi land during May. The air ministry said the RAF dropped its 10,500 tons in these raids: Dortmund May 13; Dort mund May 23, Duesseldorf May 25 Essen May 27 and Wupperlal May 29. In addition, Ihe RAF caused a flood disaster by breaching the Mohene and Eder dams, releasing some 350,000,000 tons of impound ed water in the Ruhr valley. The month-end review of the American share in the rising aer ial offensive shows that the Eighth Air Force sent out far more bombers than in any previous recorc By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North Africa. May 31 — 0<P)— More than 150 U. S. four-engined bombers, cooperating in twin attacks against Axis bases in Southern Italy, blasted Naples and Foggia by daylight Sunday- and left smoke - shrouded' ruins in their wake, it was announced today. Explosions and fires raged at Naples, hit by, a force of more than 100 B-17 Flying Fortresses o£ the North African command. More than 50 B-24 Liberator bombers of the Ninth U. S. Air Force struck from middle east bases at the airdrome of Foggia, 80 miles north- "•ast of Naples, These were the major forays of: i day which included renewed at- acks upon Sardinia, potential itepping stone of invasion, and 3 antelleria, the battered Italian broadcast accbunts, the 70th against Naples, which was said to have suffered casualties and, 'great damage." "A large force of B47 Flying fortresses yesterday attacked Naples," said the war bulletin issued at Allied North African headquarters. "Bombs were dropped on an aircraft factory and a neigh- joring air field. Large explosions were caused in an oil storage depot and many fires were reported." A Cairo communique said the • Liberators thoroughly cove-ed the Foggia airdrome and scored direct '.I destroyers and a | Trouin, three i submarine. j There was no comment on German reports that the squadron would join the 35.000 - ton battleship Richelieu, which arrived in tlie United States for repairs last February. month of March when 152 were bagged in nine operations agains a dozen largets. Kills for Apri were 146 German planes in foui raids. The May total of German fight ers brought to 768 the numbei which the Flying Fortresses am Liberators have shot down thi year. The previously announccc figure for May was 297, but thi did not include those shot down i. the three-pronged attack May 2 on St. Nazaire, La Pallice Rennes. The eight Air Force said 1 more were shot down May 29 anc that additional claims allowed foi four other raids brought the lota to 351. hits on hangars and barracks. "Numerous aircraft in the dispersal areas were destroyed, including some six - engined. it said. "Black smoke ...was ob- \-Sfp served rising from oil fires and,. - « buildings, v were, /..Jqft/ ...biirningV ,j« throughout the target .area." '? For all operations of the day au- ,i thorities announced 14 enemy ''* planes were destroyed in combat (Continued on Page Three) 7,000 tons of Bombs Dropped on Germany London, May 31 (JP) — Allied fighters swarmed across the English channel this morning to resume their assaults on European targets after a night of comparative inactivity in the air war. The first formations were seen heading in the direction of Boulogne and Cape Gris Nez, then turned northward toward Calais and Dunkerque. Statisticians chalked up a new record for the RAF as a resume of operational reports showed British fliers had dumped more than 7,000 tons of bombs on Germany during the past week in the most furious aerial offensive in history. The precedent-smashing total of high explosives was concentrated on five German industrial centers — Dortmund, Duesseldorf, Jena, Essen and Wuppertal, all of which are engaged in the production of materials vital to Adolf Hitler's war machine. Wuppertal, a Ruhr valley city of 411,000 situated between Essen and Duesseldorf, was the latest to feel the might of the RAF which unloaded 1,500 tons of bombs on this target Saturday night in one of the heaviest raids on record. The Germans struck back in reprisal yesterday by making their strongest daylight raids on Britain in some time, attacking coast* al districts in a series of quick thrusls which cost them at least half a dozen planes, The front of the German attack was born by a town on the southeast coast, identified by the Berlin radio as the resort center of Torquay, which was bombed by 15 Focke-Wulf fighter-bombers. This raid caused a considerable number of fatalities, including 21 children whose bodies later were dug from the ruins of a church. Fifteen other children and three Sunday school teachers were reported missing last night. Additional casualties resulted when a hotel was hit and when the streets were machinegunned by the raiders. A dozen Nazi fighter - bombers also swept in over the East Anglian coast at dusk, dropping bombs which caused some damage and casualties. RAF bombers were active over !9 a steelworks- at Mondeville, near and the continent yesterday, attacking a steelworks at Mondeville, near Caen in Northern France. In supporting sweeps British fighters were reported to have shot down four enemy planes. One RAF fighter failed to return.
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