Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 1, 1949 · Page 22
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 22

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Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 1, 1949
Page:
Page 22
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Tests in Pathological Laboratory Must Be Done Exactly Right Every Time and Quickly TIME SAVER—In above view of the pathological laboratory at St. Joseph hospital can be, seen .the modern .equipment. The use of this up-to-date lab cuts down on the time nece&sary to get all reports doctors may want in a hurry. David Wexler, Miss Ella Ernst and Clarence Kalapperick are the technicians at work. At lower left is Miss Maxine Sanberg at a microscope in the Park hospital pathological laboratory and at right are Miss Katheryn Davis and Gordon Paul, medical technologist in a private clinical laboratory. ilobe-Gazette Editor Again to Head Easter Sale Drive Next Spring The Easter Seal campaign of the Iowa State Society for Crippled Children and Adults headed by, W. Earl Hall; Mason .City Globe-Gazette editor, for the past 2 years will be under his direction ' again next spring. Mr. Hall has also been named as a member of the committee on lay education for the Iowa division of the American Cancer Society. Doctors Help Rebuild Many Libraries Abroad American doctors are helping to rebuild European medical libraries. Many of these libraries had been ruined during the war. Others have become outdated because they were unable' to keep apace with medical progress in other countries. The American Medical association is co-operating with CARE in obtaining medical books, microfilms and funds for this rebuilding program. Many of the inspectors who safeguard the milk supplies of our principal cities are licensed doctors of medicine. / Food You Must Have to Sustain Life! WHAT ABOUT WATER? When the gentle rains come, moisture is provided for the ground from which we get our food. That is Mother Nature's way of looking after us. But WATER for Human consumption, and other uses, is quite another matter for people LIVING IN THE CITY. It.must he available at all times and it must be PURE. The job of the MASON CITY WATER DEPARTMENT is to supply you with ample quantities of PURE WATER, free of foreign substances, at the turn of a faucet. WATER must be available for kitchen, table and bathroom use for watering your lawn in the summer time — washing your car — and an ample quantity of WATER must be ready for the firemen in case of fire. This WATER supply for all your needs is ready for you 24 hours of every day, here in Mason City. WATER is essential. Without WATER there would be no life! And remember, WATER in MASON CITY is supplied at a yERY ECONOMICAL COST! MASON CITY WATER DEPARTMENT Definite Diagnosis is Essential in Today's Medicine A pathological laboratory is no place for guesswork. The results not only have to be right—but have to be right the first time. The absolute perfection of work demanded by the laboratories at Park and St. Joseph's hospitals and in private clinical laboratories is the thing most impressed on the mind of a visitor within these scientific walls. Here, medical diagnosis is confirmed, degree of infection determined, blood tests and counts are made, bacteria isolated, and a th6usand other branches of pathology carried on. The Word Defined The study of pathology is not a new thing. It began about 100 years ago. But first—a definition of the word. Pathology is the branch of medicine which deals with the causes of diseases; the anatomical, physiological, and functional changes which these causes induce, and the methods by which the body combats both causes and changes. Pathology first consisted mainly in investigation of the changes found in the human body after death. At that time, a pathological laboratory formed a very small part of a hospital. Now, after years of work resulting in better tests and more of them, the laboratory is an absolute necessity to medical practice. The Hospital "Detective" In the surgical specimen department of the laboratory lies the detective of the hospital. It is an ever - present voluntary check of the quality of service rendered the patients by the American doctors. Tissue from every operation performed in the hospital go to the lab for complete test. In that test lies the answer as to whether or not the operation was necessary. This work gives the attending physician a definite diagnosis to work on. It helps him in prescribing treatment for the patient and tells him if some other unsuspected activity is present in the tissue. In routine work, the results are out in a day or two, however, if a doctor has a patient on the operating table and calls for a quick report, the hospital laboratories can provide it in a matter of minutes. This is used frequently in cancer cases and eliminates the necessity of 2 operations. A tiny piece of the organ believed to be cancerous is removed by the surgeon. The frozen section is examined quickly and, if the tissue proves to be malignant, the operation is performed, all without the patient leaving the operating table. * Highly Technical The bacteriology department of the lab is also most important. Here, cultures are made from sputum, blood, etc., to determine if harmful bacteria are present. Children suffering from what is believed to be meningitis are benefited by this part of the laboratory. After culture is made from the spinal fluid of the child, it is possible to identify the type of meningitis. Only one type is contagious and requires removal to an isolation hospital. It takes several days to make a blood culture for typhoid victims as well as tubercular patients. While the tests are being made, the patients are sometimes kept in the hospital under strict isolation conditions. Carried on day by day in the lab are the general chemical tests so necessary to the well-being of the patient. Routine reports on blood and urine specimens must be received by the doctors before any patient can undergo surgery Several Purposes Served These tests are for several purposes. First, to prove the doctor's diagnosis. This is especially noticeable in appendicitis, when a count of the white cells in the blood and a microscopic study ol a urine specimen can almost definitely determine whether the patient actually has appendicitis or is suffering from a kidney infection. In case of an emergency, this blood test can also aid the surgeon in deciding if the appendectomy must be performed at once or if it can wait until the next day. The 2nd purpose of the test is to discover, by a count of the red and white cells in the blood specimen, if the patient has anemia, which might call for a blood transfusion before or after the operation. These general tests, then, are to give the operating doctor any information of a condition possibly existing which could make the operation a danger to the patient's life or a condition that would enable the surgeon to know in advance what he might come up against during the course of the operation. He is thus prepared for any emergency. Blood Sugar Tests The lab runs many blood cugnr tests. It is the first thing called for by a doctor when he suspects diabetes. By the results, he can judge and regulate treatment. This is only a smattering of the clinic problems daily confronting the technicians at the hospitals. They realize the tremendous responsibility resting on their shoulders and strive continually to give better service. Probably 9 out of 10 persons to enter a hospital have no idea what a pathological laboratory is and what it does for its patients. Without the laboratory, probably that same 0 out oC 10 persons would never have the opportunity o{ knowing the exact diagnosis of their illness, as well as its cause land effect. Education of Dentists Is Big Expense Students Must Rank High ScholasticaMy Cost of a dental education and establishment of an office is $15,000 to $25,000, depending on the type of training and the kind of practice. Dental schools will accept only students who rank high scholastically in high school and college. The prospective student must be interested in sciences and have a high degree of skill with his hands. He must have physical stamina to stand at a chair all day and must be free from physical handicaps which might interfere with his work. In addition, he must have personal qualities of initiative, maturity, emotional control neatness and a high standard of ethical conduct. 3 Divisions of Training: Requirements for entrance into a dental school are at least 2 years of liberal arts training. Some schools require 3. In this work the applicant must be well up in the top 4th of his class to be considered. Dental school requirements for a degree are 2 years of pre-dental training and 4 years of dental training with additional work in internships and post - graduate study for degrees in a specialty. Training falls into 3 divisions: (1) Basic and medical sciences for the first 2 years. (2) Training in technical skills. (3) Clinical theory and practice. The training, counting tuition, equipment in schools, laboratory fees, special texts, loss of possible remuneration while in school and finally the setting up of an office for practice is from $15,000 to $25,000. Comprehensive Examination Before entering practice, the graduate must pass an additional examination by the state board of dental examiners of the state in which he desires to practice. This is a comprehensive examination of 4 days duration of the graduate's qualifications as to theoretical knowledge, clinical skills and general aptitude for the prac- tice of dentistry in a private of-' fice. The state requires this examination for the protection of the public upon which the candidate hopes to practice. Furthermore the American Dental association and its component societies, as well as the state board, demand that the dentist maintain these high standards of ethical conduct and practice or be subject to loss of license. Believe in Present Form Decay of the teeth and diseases of the oral cavity are almost universal complaints. Practically every individual has some oral human organism and as such the whole human body must be taken into consideration when treated. A dentist has to be a scientist, physician, mechanic, engineer, an artist, a sculptor, and a,psychologist. Dentistry made a great contribution to the war effort by placing the mouths of the fighting forces in proper condition and maintaining this condition under all difficulties. Dentistry, lieves that like medicine, be- the best scientific H»on City Globe-G»«tf«, H»i*n trouble to a greater or lesser de- | Sept; 30, 1949 gree. The rnouth and associated structures are an integral part of the t Cliy, I services to humanity can be performed in the present form. Great strides have been made in public health dentistry by constant study of dental diseases and the newer discoveries of the ammonium iron and fluorine show promise of reducing materially the amount of oral disease. CANCER DEATHS In Iowa, there is one death from cancer every 2i hours—10 every day; in the country as a whole, 525 cancer deaths every day—2 every 5 minutes. For Those Who Count Their Time in Seconds • Especially Doctors . . . WATCH THAT IS DISTINCTIVE RELIABLE ELGIN GRUEN BULOVA LONGINES CROTON "C" ... 18 Jewel 14K Natural Gold DIAMONDS 102 North Federal THE MEMBERS OP THE VETERAN of FOREIGN WARS PAY TRIBUTE TO THE MEDICAL AND DENTAL SOCIETIES OF CERRO GORDO COUNTY v\J e In peace as it was in war, it is gratifying to knoy/ that the best in medical and dental science and care is available to the people of this FREE THINKING COUNTRY. America, the healthiest nation on the face of the earth is also the most progressive and the most prosperous. May we always keep it that way. VFW CLUB OPEN TO MEMBERS ONLY 1315 4th St. S. W. Phone 1242

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