Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 28, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Widely scattered thundershowers this afternoon and tonight. Slightly warmer tonight. fOLUME 44—NUMBER 192 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NBA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass n iahting Flares in Russa Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN The Old Order Changes From Caveman to Air Pilor June 14, Flag Day, will be United Nations Day, and various war-time societies are sending out pieces to the papers, perhaps in the hope that sometime June 14 will mean as much the world as July 4 means to America. ® One of the best of the Unilcd Bilbo Threatens on Poll Tax Bill Wnshini'.lon, May "8 —(/l'i— Scna- lor Theodore Gilmore Bilbo of Poplarvlile, Mississippi. look a deep breath today and announced t'Tho is ready to conduct an IB- month, one-man filibuster against the anti-poll lax bill if, as, and when il is called-up in Ihc Senate. He came right out and said "filibuster", too. Some statesmen shy {% away from the word even while engaging in oratory patently designed to kill lime — but not Ihc lilllc Democrat from Poplarvillc who helped talk lo death a similar measure in the closing days of Ihe lasl session. **•* The current session ends in January, 1945, and the poll tax bill, already approved by Ihc House, could be called up any lime il emerged from Ihc judiciary committee. Hence Bilbo was commit- 0 ting himself to underwrite a year and a half of talk. "I could easily discuss Ihc bill for a year and half nnd I'm now .4'cady to start," he said, clearing his throat. /^ Hi fatH, ho intimated, thai period " would be barely sufficient lo outline even his mildcsl objeelions lo the legislation, which he considers an unwarranted invasion of slates' righls, strictly unconstitutional, and provocative of disunity. 3 "This is my opportunity to contribute my services in helping preserve, protect and defend the American Democratic scheme of government," ho said. "I will feel that I am just as ') much a soldier as a Marine on Guadalcanal or a private on Atlu isand." The bill would make il unlawful lo require Ihc payment of a poll tax as a prerequisite for voting at a federal election. Mississippi, Alad bama, South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, Arkansas and Texas have poll lax laws. Nations Day announcements comes from the Writers' War Board, New York, whose membership includes such names as: Franklin P. Adams, Pearl S. Buck, Paul Gallico, Faith Baldwin, Roark Bradford and Edna t'crber. Answering Ihc question, "Why should our country be one of a group of Unilcd Nations?" the Writers' War Board replies: "Once man lived in a cave. He could travel only on his feet, and he dared lo move only as far as his feet could carry him between dawn and dark. The whole history of men, which we proudly call the advance of civilization, is the story of the increase of the distance over which a man could move, and still be alive, and be a man among other men. II was a long and glorious road from Ihc cave to Killy Hawk. Man lamed Ihe horse; he invented the wheel; he made steam his servant; he found his most cunning slave in the explosion of gas; and then, wilh Iho- mosl brilliant leap of his imagination, he made wings for himself. Now, between dawn and dark, with a speed thai makes Ihc eagle or the lark a slowpoke, we can go anywhere in no time; and since we can, we will. Man always docs what he can. The man in the cave did what he could; so did all the generations lhal broughl him down, or up, lo us; and so will we." Thai is a fair statement of our present position. We arc fighting shoulder-to- shoulder'with the oilier 28 Unilcd Nalions because new transportation Amity Restored in Nation's Rubber Plants O 'I By The Associated Press Amity was restroed in the rubber industry today as workers returned to their jobs in response lo appeals based on Ihc nation's need for their war products but internal dissension broke out in one segment of organized labor. President Roosevell's appeal to the Akron, O., workers to go back to their machines ended a strike of 50,000 at the nation's greatest rubber plants — Goodyear, Goodrich, Firestone and General. Strikers at the U. S. Rubber Company's Buffalo, N. Y., plant also voted to return after a Navy spokesman warned thai Ihe armed forces would lake over unless Ihe walk- oul ended. The rubber strikes all faction with War Labor Board handling of wage disputes. Production virtually halted however at the Marlin Rockwell ball and roller bearing plant largest war production factory in Jameston, N. Y., where 1,600 CIO United Automobile Workers joined in a strike unauthoriked by theunion. The men protested hiring of workers from outside at what Ihey said were higher wages lhan Ihey received. The American Federalion of Labor, meanwhile, losl one of ils mosl powerful Allies. The Inerna- liona.1 Association of Machinis announced it would withdraw from the federation May 31, contending ils jurisdiclional righls over certain work, involving the carpenters' union, had not been protected by the AFL. Their ranks number about the same as the United Mine Workers now seeking to return to membership in the AFL. Irish Week in Fencing Notre Dame, Ind. —i/t'i— Noire Dame had winning teams this year in every sport but fencing. The swordsmen won dVily two matches while losing four. methods have changed Ihe old order of nalions. Thai is Ihc explanation of our present position — but il explains nothing for the future. The future is something Americans will have 10 find oul for themselves . . . and 11 will be the sevcrcsl lesl ever given our people. For Ihe same scl of circum- slanccs thai requires us to fight shouldcr-lo-shouldcr with Ihc Untied Nalions loday will no doubl keep us at olosc quarters with mosl of Ihc world for all lime lo come. II can'l help bul be that way with Ihc dcvelopmcnl of Ihe airplane. Whal lhal means lo isolationist America you can well imagine. Ever since the founding of our country we have been accustomed to looking down our nose at the blunderings of a dozen countries trying to live as neighbors in crowded Europe. But loday Ihe world is all one crowded neighborhood. America finds herself silualed loday as Europe was yesterday—with the same tough problems. No longer can we dispose of questions by simply ignoring them behind a 3,000-mile ocean. Today, and in Ihc future, we must meet, every international question, cilhcr finding an answer, or, as Ihc British frequently do, play a delaying game, hopeful that the answer will turn up in years to come. Byrnes to Head Office of War Mobilization —Washington By The Associated Press Washington. May 28 —(/P)— A six- man War Mobili/.alion Board, with vast powers over the nation's war effort on the home front, was set up today by President Roosevelt. James F. Byrnes was named to head the now super -agency — and thus became the czar of czars in this capital. The board's duly, President Roosevelt said, is to keep "both our military machine and our essential civilian economy running in team and at hifih speed." Spccfically. the board is directed to unify activities of federal agencies and departments "en- Raged in or concerned with production, procurement, distribution or transprolation of military or civilan supplies, materials and products and to resolve and determine controversies between such agencies or departments." The power to resolve interagency disputes means that Byrnes will be the arbiter in any future controversies such as that between Rubber Director William M. Jcf- fers and Underscrctarj' of War Patterson. Ther c has been recurring talk in Congress, and bills have been introduced to achieve the end, that there should be some central, overall agency trying in the various efforts of making war at home. President Roosevelt's action followed the general palter n, all though no specifically going so far as some have suggested in calling or such things as a war board whose powers would include the drafling of war workers. Byrnes' board is composed of Ihcse officials: Secretary of War Henry L. Slim- son, Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, Chairman Harry L. Hopkins Board, Chairman Donald M. Nelson of the War Production Board, and Judge Fred M. Vinson, who lakes over the job Byrnes is leaving, the Office of Economis Slab- ilzialion. Byrnes is one - time South Carolina Senator who left the Supreme Court to become director of economic stabilization. Apparently his further elevation leaves the president free to give more of his lime to the unfolding problems of war strategy. Judge Vinson, now on the bench of the United Stales Circuit Court oC Appeals in the Districl of Columiba, screde in Congress from Kentucky for 14 years and is considered an authority on taxation and economic mailers. As director of economic stabilization he will have Ihc duly ot carrying on Ihc fighl against inflation. Byrnes' new office, unparalleled in American history, was assigned this function: "To develop unified programs and to establish policies for the maximum use of the nation's nal- New Jap Drive Menaces Chungking iHongeho ««*»«"? -AihwdJ IN DO? CHINA W///. Hanoi Great Fleet RAF Bombers Strike Essen, 23 Lost London, May 28 —UP)— A great fleet of heavy RAF bombers attacked Essen and other targets in the Ruhr last night a few hours after speedy Mosquito bombers had made fi daring dusk attack on important German war industries in Jena, the British announced today. Twenty - three bombers were lost in the Essen attack, said the announcement, which declared the raid was carried out "in great strength." The number of planes engaged last night was reported only slightly fewer than the total sent on the records raids against Dortmund and Duesscldorf. The Berlin radio, in a brooadcast recorded by the Associated Press, The lone-fought war in China Hares Into new life as Jap forces press westward along the Yangtze river toward Chungking, seat of the Chinese government. .Circled area shows current battle arena. Berkley Won't Talk on Poll Tax Bill Hot Springs, May 28 (IP) Senator Alben W. Barkley (D-Ky.) bad plenty of talk on the stale of his health today taut not a word to say about the current anti - poll tax fight. "I'm feeling fine and resting well," he said at the Army and Navy hospital where he is taking a three weeks course of baths. "I've had a touch of rheumatism but they're boiling that out of me quickly." The Senate majority leader has been here a week. He plans to drop by home before returning to Washington. Barkley laughed heartily when Informed that Senator Theodore G. Bilbo (D-Miss.) was talking in terms of an 18 - month filibuster. During the previous fight on the anti-poll tax bill the majority leader took a firm stand in favor of the measure. He declined to comment for publication on his stand this tima or to discuss proposed invocation of the clolure rule to limit debate. PRICE 5c COPY Sharp Land, Air Battles Raging in Kuban Delta -Europe acknowledged "considerable damage" in Essen. Other British planes laid mines in enemy waters during the night. Essen is the sile of the sprawling Krupps munitions works, and is 22 mile northeast of Duesel- dorf, which was blasted by the RAF in a smashing assault the night before last. Essen became the most 'heavily bombed city in the world after the last previous raid on April 30 —an assault which brought the tolal weighl of high explosive and fire bombs dumped on Ihis target to more than 10,000 tons since the start of the war. Special Session of the Japanese Diet By the Associated Press The Japanese diet has been summoned to an extraordinary three-day session beginning June 15, a Toky broadcast recorded by the Associac dPtrcs sshrdln by the Associated Press announced loday. The broadcast recalled il would be Ihc fourth extraordinary session since General Hidcki T o j o assumed the premiership Nov. 18, 1941. The 81st regular session was (Continued on Page Five) Emmons Is Replaced in Hawaii Honolulu, May 28 —(/I 1 )— Lieut. General Dolos C. Emmons, rom- mander of the Hawaiian Department of the U.S . Army during the grim days following the Japa- Flood Waters Fall at Some Critical Points •**U- .-V By The- Associated Press The mighty Mississippi river and some of ils flooded tributaries were receding at several critical points loday while thousands of farmers in inundated areas hoped to be able to start their belated warlime food produclion soon. Army enginercs estimated, however, some oC Ihc land would nol be lillablc for another month. Even as it receded from flood- devastated areas, the Mississippi approached a record crest at Cape Griardeau, Mo., of 42.5 feet. Dikes lo Ihe south were expected lo be able to hold the torrent. The Illinois and Arkansas rivers also were dropping nnd Col. L. B. Fcagin of the United Stales army Engineers al St. Louis said he did not expect the Mississippi lo gel out of hand below Cairo, 111. The Ohio river, in pasl years an equally dangerous partner in flood dc- struclion, was below bank-full. However, Colonel Feagin warned that while the Mississippi was receding above Cape Girardcau the danger there was not pasl. The remaining levees, he said, were saturated and a sudden washout could put thousands of additional acres under water. The crest of the Arkansas was moving on from Litlle Rock lo Pine Bluff, Ark., after inundating 50 blocks of tiie former city. Below Pino Bluff the stream is | flanked by huge levees that the army engineers believed would be able to hold il. Meanwhile, the water - rationed residents of Fort Smith expected a plentiful water supply by Monday The 125lh engineers battalion last night completed emergency connections with the city's regular water source. The connection was the second constructed in weeks. Previously laid emergency lines Food Parley Takes Up Post War Prices By Hot OVI'D X" Springs, MARTIN Va., May 28 — (If) — Producer expressions of concern over postwar farm prices crept into Ihe Unilcd Nalions food conference discussion loday. They came from Ihroe western hemisphere sources — the United Stales, Brazil and Canada. Murray D. Lincoln, executive secretary of the Ohio Slate Farm Bureau Federation and a member of this country's delegation, reported many farmers had gollcn the impression the conference was searching for ways to supply consumers with "plenty of cheap food." Lincoln said he was taking steps to reassure farm leaders the program being projected here was based on Ihe premise farmers would gel "equitable prices" for a "much greater outpul of commodities than heretofore produced." From the Brazilian delegation came a word of caution that the conference goal of a beller - fed world could be achieved only if agricultural prices wore stabilized on a basis of parity with industrial products. It asked the parley to go on record in support of "equality" between agricultural and industrial product prices. The Canadian delegation, with Three Italian Island Bases Again Blasted By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 28 —(IP)— Allied bombers and fighters slashed again yesterday at Villacidro and Decimomannu, important Axis air fields in Sardna and the island Of Pan- lellera, il was announced loday. Thirteen enemy fighters were destroyed in combal — all from a hornet's nest stirred up at Decimomannu — and many more on the ground in Ihc continued softening up ot Italy's ouler defenses. Speedy B-26 Marauders unloaded more lhan 4,000 fragmentation bombs over the Decimomannu airdrome. Crewmen said the explso- ions smashed a large number of Continued on Page Five ncsc sneak Harbor, will attack on Pearl relinquish that corn- adjourned March 26 The office of Wai- Information said a Tokyo broadcast recorded by the Federal Communcialions Commission reported the Commission reported the specshs special session had been called lo consider a supplementary budget and "other wartime measures." Increase in MOP Net Income Shown St. Louis, May 28 — W) — The Missouri Pacific Railroad reported today its net income in April was $2,157,874, as compared with $2,038,31 in the same month last year. Gulf Coast Lines, a subsidiary, reported net income of $341,965, a sharp drop from the tolal of 642,663 marked up in April, 1942. In- lerndtional-Great Northern, an other subsidiary had net income of J $143,328 against $7,338. mand June 1 and be succeeded by Major Gen. Robert C. Richardson. General Emmons, who made the announcement of the change yesterday ufler he had received Ihc distinguished service medal in recognition of his outstanding work here, did not disclose his new assignment but speculation immediately arose thai he mighl lake over Ihe western defense command and th Fourth Army now headed by Lieut. Gen. John L. Dewill. "There wouldn't be a more pleasant place to serve" lhan San Franciscu, General Emmons said in explaining he was unable lo announce his new post. (In San Francisco, Rep. Richard J. Welch (R-Calif) said in an interview Ihis week lhal there was a difference between General De- Will and a War Department faction over DeWitl's vigorous opposition to any relaxation of the rules excluding Japanese from western defense areas, and , because of it, DeWitl was lo be transferred with General Emmons replacing him. In Washington, Secretary of War Slimson ut a press conference termed such reports of difference "nonsense ."t were broken as the flood continued o rise. Bcarrislown, on the Illinois river, appeared lo have won nut. over the river. The river climbed up to within six inches of the top of the seawall, built up to 30 feet with sand bags and planking, and then started lo drop. The Mississippi reached 42.:i feel al Cape Girardeau yesterday lo top Ihc- 18.44 mark of 42.19. The waterfront section of the city already was flooded, but the remainder of the town is on a bluff above the water line. The $9,000,000 central, Illinois Public Service generating plant slill wns protected as the river receded, and Red Cross workers arrived last night at nearby Grand Towei' where 1,200 persons were marooned in the small section of the town still above water. A ferry was arranged to bring food and medical supplies into lown. The Red Cross, engineers and local officers urged all evacuees to remain away from their homes until official approval was givc'n for return to the flooded ureas. First carpet mill lo make ingrain carpet was established at Frederick, Md.. in 1810 Doughton Now Might Favor a Sales Tax Washington, May 28 —(/P)—Chairman Doughlon (D-NCl of the tax- faming House Ways and Means committee, long time foe of a federal retail sales tax, said today he might favor such a tax "as a lasl resort" to help finance the war. "1 am speaking for no olher member of the committee," he said, "but for myself, I believe that a sales tax should be adopted only, if at all, after all other reasonable means of taxalion have been exhausted." Doughton expressed this view as Capitol Hill began speculating on how to raise $16,000,000,000 addi- lional, in taxes and compulsory savings, as recommended by President Roosevelt. The Ways and Means committee will start work on a new general tax bill "as soon as praclicable" h e said, afler pay-as-you-go legis- lalion is disposed of. A House-Senale conference committee yester- grounded planes and damaged many more. Strong enemy fighter groups intercepted the bombers, and a fierce, 18-minute running fighl ensued. The Marauder gunners shol down seven of Ihe attackers. The P-40 Warhawk escort account for six others. The only American loss in the bailie, in which enemy fighters pursued the bombers lo within 25 miles of the North African coast, was a Warhawk which fell into the sea. The pilot was rescued. Staff Sergt. Bernard Chouinars of Fall River, Mass., a Marauder gunner, related he shol down a Messerschmitt 109 which flew at the bomber with his "cannon firing so fast lhal the plane was bucking like a broncho." "I was trading him shot for shot and my tracers were cutting right inlo him and culling right inlo his engine." Ihc sergeanl said. "When he got almost under us he rolled over and started down. Flames started coming oul of Ihe Messerschmitt and it exploded when it hit the ground." Fires and three large columns of smoke resulted from the bombing of Villacidro airdrome by B-25 Mitchells. Photographs showed many grounded aircraft to have been destroyed. P-38 Lightenings escorting the bombers shot up a 150 - fool freighter in the Gulf of Palmas. United Slates fighter - bombers Iwice raided ballered Panlclleria. The explosive - carrying Light- nings and Warhawks slruck against harbor defenses and arlil- lery installations. An explosion was caused when a bomb hit among buildings al Ihe edge of Ihe harbor. In Ihe evening, a small formation of Warhawks blasted la'rgels on the island's soulh coast. The allacks yesterday from Ihc Northwest African bases were a Yanks Attack Last Main Jap Attu Position Washington, May 28 —(IP)— United Stales troops have atlacked the third main position the Japanese had held on Attu island south of Lake Kories, the Navy reported today, and indications were that the entire enemy, force on the island was being rapidly broken up into very small points of resistance. A Navy communique said: "North Pacific: "1. On May 26th: "(A) United States army troops gained several , important points along the ridge south of Chicagof corridor. Hard hand to hand fighting over rugged terrain continued. "(B) The United States army's northern forces have penetrated a part of Fish-hook ridge about one and five - eights miles southwest of Chicagof harbor. Fighting continues in order to clear the Japanese from the high peaks in the vicinity. "(C) An attack by United States troops to eliminate the enemy from Ihc ridge south of Lake Corries is in progress. "(D) Army Liberator heavy bombers, Mitchell medium bombers and Lightning fighters effectively supported ground operations. "2. On May 26th Army Mitchell medium bombers and Warhawk fighters made three atlacks on Kiska, bombing hie Japanese main camp area and runway. Numerous hils were observed. By WILLIAM NIC GAFFIN Moscow, May 28 — (/P) —Sharp land and air battles are raging in. the Kuban delta area after a period of comparative quiet, but neither official Russian disclosures nor dispatches from the front today confirmed German reports that a Soviet army of 150,000 is attempting an all - out smash to Kerch strait. ("On the eastern front on the Kuban bridgehead the enemy continued his attacks all day yesterday, supported by tank forces and air formations," the German communique said. ("After heavy ding-dong fighting, in which the German air force took a decisive part ' with/ strong forces, the Soviets were repulsed with heavy losses inflicted on them. Apart from successful German shock troop and reconnaissance activity all was quiet on the remaining sectors of the eastern front." Both the midnight and the noon communiques were silent on the fighting northeast .of Novorossisk, where the German radio. declared at least 10 Russian divisions and a great wedge of tanks were trying to batter through a narrow sector I under cover of more than 200 planes. The German broadcast said the' Russians scored temporary gains yesterday which were wiped out in German counter attacks by nightfall. From the front line dispatches declared the Red Army had repelled a group of enemy infantry trying to improve it sposi-,, „ tions and said the Bed Air Force' and the German plane fleet were ' fighting great battles in the same area'. The Russians reported they' warded off the Nazis, downing 64. *, German planes in one day and losing only 13 Russian craft mean- continuation of the finely coordinated. Allied air offensive in which day completed delails of a com- Lieut. Gen. Carl A. Spaalz's compromise measure and Ihe Iwo bodies will vole on il nexl week. Leaders expecl the compromise to win quick approval of House and Senate. Authorilalive sources said however Ihe three House conferees who voted against the P' an would go down the line in opnos- ilion lo it. They were Reps. Dingell (DMich.), Disney (D-Okla.) and Cooper (TVTenn.l mand is teamed with the Allied air forces of Malta and the Middle- East. This coordination of effort is enabling Allied fighters and bombers lo slash at Axis outposts along the entire central and eastern area of the Mediterranean. In addition to the sever e batter(Continued on Page Two) B. R. HammCo. Moves Into Own Building The B. R. Hamrn Molor company, dealer for Dodge and Ply- moulh cars and Dodge Trucks, has moved from ils old quarters at Walnut and Third streels inlo its own building al 205-15 Easl Second slreel. Fronting 100 feet on Second street and running back 125 feet, the new Dodge-Plymouth building is one of the largest and finest molor plants in this section of Arkansas. Spacious show-rooms for new automobiles and accessories front on Second street, while a double- width driveway in the wesl end of Ihe front leads to the shop and servicing departments in the rear. B. R. Ha mm is celebrating his 20th year as Dodge-Plymouth dealer in Hope, and his 23rd year of continuous representation for one line of cars. He came out of the Army after the other war and founded the Dodge franchise at Stamps, Ark., his birthplace. Three years later he moved to Hope and bought the Dodgc-Plymoulh franchise from Rhodes Brothers, ir October, 1923. Schools to Train Licensed Egg Graders The Extension Service has an nounced two state-wide schools a Litlle Rock for the purpose of Irain ing licensed egg graders. The firs school will be conducled June 2- and Ihc second July 1-2. The school will be held in the Pulaski Count Courthouse library. Egg dealer and producers are invited to alien Ihese schools. All allending Ihes schools should be qualified to con ply with OPA egg grading, labelin and pricing regulations. Count Agent Oliver L. Adams can suppl additional information relative t the two-day schools and egg grad ing information on request. while. West of Rostov the Red Army JJ was reported to have taken the jsj initiative in violent local combats which resulted in the capture of an important hill and a general improvement of the Russian posi- lion. The Germans made repeated but vain atlempls to recapture , the hill, it was said. Artillery exchanges and scouting forays marked yesterday's ac- ' tion along other sectors of the batllefront, especially in the Smo- lensk, Kalinin, Volkhov and Donets river fronts, Hie latter south of Balakleya. The Soviet noon communique told of continued Russian activity in those areas and west of Ros- tov, and noted new stirrings on the Leningrad front where eight German planes were reported shot down and 34 German outposts der stroyed by Red Army deteach- ments that killed about 200 of the enemy. Long range Red Army planes blasted German airdromes and a slip and planes in the Black Sea eel sank two enemy motor arges, the noon war bulletin sai£ ithout going into detail on the ngagement. A Red Navy force has been vailing in Ihe Black sea for any llempl to evacuate Ihe Ger- nans from Novorossisk. A R u s- ian drive into the Taman peniri- ula to the shores of Kerch strait, cross from the Crimea, would plit Ihe German forces around Temryuk and pen in the Axis No- orossisk defenders with their es- ape possibly only by the Red Navy - guarded Black sea route, Quints Celebrate Ninth Birthday Callander, Ont., May 28 — (ff)— The world's most famous five Rirls, the Dionne quintuplels, celer araled Iheir ninth birthday today in the home of their parents, Mr, and Mrs. Oliva Dionne, and their seven brothers and sisters. It was Iheir happiest birthday because it was the first year the entire Dionne family was living under the same roof. In former yearsl he girls were visited by Iheir family in Iheir nursery home. Brewster Tells of Rotary War Work Rev. Thomas Brewster told Hope Rotary club Friday noon at its Hotel Barlow luncheon about the war-lime work Rotary clubs are doing throughout the world, particularly in Auslralia, Canada and England. Guests Friday were: R. G. Freeman, Hattiesburg, Miss., and Roy Stephenson, Hope.

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