Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 1, 1949 · Page 7
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 7

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Mason City, Iowa
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Saturday, October 1, 1949
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Page 7
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Country Doctor Answers Ewing Report Drugs Get _• . " *_ «^ r^ ^^ f • «•»• Variations in FSA Report Cited by DeTar Oscar R. Ewing, federal security administrator, presented a report to President Truman, published Sept. 2, 1948, entitled "The Nation's Health—A Ten-Year Plan." An analysis of that report has been made by Dr. J. S. DeTar of Milan, Mich., speaker of the house of delegates of the Michigan State Medical society. Dr. DeTar was named Michigan's foremost family physician for 1948 for his outstanding work as country doctor in the Milan area since entering practice in 1931. Mr. Ewing is a lawyer with no experience in the field of medical ' ; care. He made a study of health needs following the receipt of a letter signed by President Truman. Actually, says the country doctor, the letter to Mr. Ewing was written by his own assistant, Donald Kingsley. It was signed by the president. Substituted Own Ideas Mr. Ewing held a national health assembly, which did not recom mend compulsory gove r n m e n t medical care. But Mr. Ewing rejected the recommendation of 80C delegations, the country doctor points out, and substituted his own ideas on compulsory health insurance. Nearly J of the Ewing reporl is devoted to argument in support of government health insurance, even though the national health assembly didn't recommend it. On page 1 of the Ewing report is the statement: "Every year 325,000 persons died whom we have the knowledge and skills to save.' The report says that 170,000 die annually of communicable diseases and that 120,000 of this number should be saved; The 170,000 figure is for 1945. In 1947 the figure hac % been reduced to 137,000, a drop of 1 33,000, which the report overlooks Of more than 600,000 deaths from cancer and heart disease 115,000 should be preventable, says the Ewing report. Cancer anc heart disease have become olc Careful Test- Before Use MODERN OPERATING ROOM—This Park hospital major surgery room pictured above IC3 9x \~\\T Q/1 •pQCll' Q 1 •%< r»/~o^ rl i 4~i n-n £*A n v\/-3 c*^?*rw^4-t -Tinnllw 1J ™l-i4- rt J ....? J.L. X^_ » .£1 „__, -. — -.£—.!!-.. is 28 by 84 feet, air conditioned and scientifically lighted, with the floors specially grounded to prevent formation of static electricity in any form during an operation. Equipped with aluminum furnishings, with stainless steel tops, and the latest surgical and sterilizing equipment it is one of the finest operating rooms in North Iowa. Delores Perdue, surgical nurse, is shown at work. age diseases generally, states the country doctor, and that lives are made the longer to be, the higher the mortality from those diseases. Of the 100,000 deaths from accidents 40,000 should be prevented, states the Ewing report, with no explanation how government insurance would save 325,000 persons from dying. The Ewing report declares that "The nation has only about 80 per cent as many physicians as it needs." Best Care in U. S. Says the country doctor, since 1940 the population has increased Come In and SEE the Most JNVISIBLE way to we or Your HEARING AID Th« New SONOTONE Out-A-Sight FHt Any Make! No button to show! No self-consciousness! No obligation . . . Investigate! SONOTONE 211 SOUTH TAYLOR AVE. Mason City, Iowa Phone 3194 Please tend me—FREE— full detail* on your two waya to invisible hearing. Name... _. _ .. „ „ ..-. ....... Addreu.._..._ Apt Cttr-... State 12 per cent; the number of physicians has increased 14 per cent. Five new medical schools are in process of organization and 5 more are adding the last 2 years of their curricula. Also productivity of physicians increased. During the war physicians available to the public at home decreased to 60 per cent of the pre-war number and patient visits increased 75 per cent. Health of the nation reached an all time high. The nation has better trained physicians and better equipment, roads, drugs, automobiles, hospitals and assistants. Thirty-five countries have some type' of government - controlled medical care. But the iKi United States has the best medical care. The United States has 179,000 doctors of medicine or one to every 760 persons. The ratio is one to 511 in New York state and one to 410 in New York City. In England the ratio is one to 870; in Sweden, one to 1,100; in Norway, one to 1,100 and in France, one to 1,300. The Ewing report says that 40 per cent of all counties have no acceptable general hospitals. There are 3,000 counties, says the country doctor, and 40 per cent is 1,200. Of the 1,200, 1,187 are within 30 miles of a general hospital, a short 'distance with good roads. That leaves 13. Of the 13 more than 30 miles from a general hospital, only 5 have a population of over 5 persons per square mile and couldn't possibly support a hospital. More Hospitals The nation does need more hospitals, says the country doctor, and is getting them. Mr. Ewing proposed to construct hospitals all over the country at government expense. Yet the Hoover report states that government hospital buildings cost $20,000 to $40,000 per bed against I V FOR FUN, FOR HEALTH NEW! IMPROVED Get outside and enjoy fresh air and exercise while hunting with a new } low cost J. C. Higgins Gun about $16,000 for private hospitals. Medical care costs are up and incomes of many individuals are low, according to the Ewing report. The country doctor submits that cancer treatment is long and expensive, but that only 2 per cent delayed for financial reasons in a Michigan survey of 734 cancer cases. The country doctor notes the terrific expense of the British compulsory health plan. Eight months after its plan started, Aneurin Bevan, health minister, said the health service would need an additional $235,576,650. Cost of social security system went up 600 per cent in 45 years in Germany. The German system covered only 45 per cent of the population. Mr. Ewing proposed to cover 100 per cent. Temptation to Politicians From 1921 to 1930 the direct cost to the taxpayer in Germany rose 217 per cent. In the same period the cost of the plan to the government went up 746 per cent. A $70 per capita cost is estimated in the Ewing report and the population by 1960 is estimated at 150,000,000. That means, the country doctor says, that the people would pay over 10 "billion dollars a year in 1960. "The plan in every version of the Wagner-Murray-Dingell bill, and suggested in this report, to the effect that the federal government may make up deficits in the health fund from the general fund is simply another way of saying that the secretary of the treasury could print lOUs, put them in the kitty, and siphon off the trust fund. And 10 billion dollars is such a temptation to politicians! It is an amazing thing that within one generation millions of people have succumbed to the philosophy that something can be gotten for nothing, and that the federal treasury is a bottomless well of sweet waters, and to drink there from costs the drinker nothing." Public Given Ample Protection by Law Nothing is examined more thoroughly than a new drug to be used in the practice of medicine. The public is protected by the federal food, drug and cosmetic act and the staunch services of the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical association, whose high standards and careful scrutiny surpass even those qualities required by law. The federal food, drug and cosmetic act provides that applications for new drugs shall contain "full reports of investigations which have been made to show whether or not such drug is safe for use." These investigations frequently require years. They start as ideas in the mind of a medical scientist. Only after long and tiresome tests can this scientist evolve his new drug. Having made it arid the preliminary tests being promising, more extensive inquiry must be made into mechanisms of its action and its toxicity. Animals a Help Numerous small animals come to the aid of mankind at this point. It was through experimentation with dogs that millions of diabetic patients have been saved, to say nothing of the many other contributions in the fight against other diseases. Eventually the time comes for clinical trial. A long series of questions are asked by the council on pharmacy and chemistry. The council wants to know for what conditions the drug is to be offered and how effective it is in these conditions. Is it superior to other drugs and methods of less toxic or has it advantages? How extensive will the use of it be? Sound Judgment Needed These questions are not asked in totalitarian states or in government controlled medicine such as has been observed in Germany and Russia where actual human experimentation has been openly practiced. Workings of the council fill a sizable booklet. Says the council: "A study of this outline for the therapeutic and toxicologic appraisal of new drugs may leave the impression that the task which has been set is far too complex and difficult, requires too much time and expenditure of energy and money and can be circumvented by briefer and less thorough investigations. "While this may be true in a few isolated instances, it is not true in the majority of cases of really new drugs. It is necessary to exercise sound judgment in deciding whether a product deserves recognition, and the only basis on which such a judgment can be made is by a careful appraisal of the data obtained through a systematic study. Must Interpret Results "Investigations of new therapeutic agents are, perhaps, the most exacting of aH. scientific investigations since human health and even life (which is still regarded highly by our free American physicians) may depend on the thoroughness of these investigations. "Furthermore, failure to interpret correctly the results of the tests conducted and criteria for their evaluation may be disastrous." Each year the American Medical association publishes a book on new and non-official remedies. This describes the articles which have been examined and accepted by the council for. inclusion in the publication. The book provides statements on actions, uses, dosage, tests and standards of preparations and articles. Real Nurses Outnumbered by Untrained The 280,000 registered nurses, with 3 or 4 years of specialized training, who are practicing in the United States, are outnumbered by some 300,000 other women who call themselves nurses but lack the most elementary knowledge of their profession. This is the statement made in the current issue of Good Housekeeping by Doctor Esther Lucille Brown of the-Russell Sage foundation. The article is titled: "Is She •Really a Nurse?" Contrasted with the 3 states— New York, Arkansas and Louisiana—which have recently passec laws forbidding any unlicensec person to nurse for hire, there are 45 other states which "still allow any unlicensed, untrained person to call herself a nurse and get paid for it." California, Michigan and Pennsylvania are among the state without any restrictive legislation at all. The article exposes the mor ept. 30, 1949 Cliy Globe-G»ielte, Hnon City 9-C City. la. han 300 so-called "quickie comm e r c i a 1 and correspondence chools," some of which claim to each, in 53 lessons by mail, the entire range of nursing skills for $75. These schools, one of which urns out more than 200 "graduates" each month, are compared with the civil service training requirements for a practical nurse— 400 hours of instruction and 1,200 hours of supervised nursing care. One of the commercial schools registers a student in the morning and sends her out as a "nurse" the same evening. As a means of combating this real danger to public health, the Russell Sage authority recommends that all states pass laws forbidding anyone to nurse for hire who has not met prescribed standards and passed prescribed tests. The American Nurses' association has described the article as "an outstanding public service." Budgets of the medical and basic science schools in America for the academic year 1948-49 total approximately $51,000,000. treatment? Does its toxicity outweigh the therapeutic advantages? If there are other drugs equally or more effective in the Poison ivy, one of the painful skin ailments, is treated not only by lotions and ointments, but by injections of a most now same condition, is the new one I compound into the blood stream. AND YOU LAUNDER WHITE Jf SELF SERVE LAUNDRY' •30'MM6ire (MEMORY sew/fa lit SOUTH DELAWARE PHONE 373 A HEALTH SERVICE TO YOUR DOOR Absolutely odorless cleaning in our new modern plant assures you of satisfaction every time. All cleaning fluids are filtered and purified to give you the finest, sanitary cleaning possible. Steam air finishing gives you the last word in style pressing with no seams showing. , , . No shine on your fine garment. Argos & Cahalan CLEANERS 1401 North Federal Phone 596 BOLT ACTION 6-Shot Repeating shotgun 95 29 CONGRATULATIONS to the MEDICAL AND DENTAL SOCIETIES of Cerro Gordo County On Your Many Years of Service to Mankind. $6 Down/ $5 Mo, on Eosy Terms (Usual Carrying Charge) • FASTEST SETTING 6 SHOT REPEATER IN AMERICA AVAILABLE IN 12, 16 OR 20 GAUGE, FULL OR MODIFIED CHOKE Mister' There's a hunter's dream waiting for you at Sears! Look over this J. C. Higgins bolt action 6-shot repeating shotgun from the non-glare bead front sight to the shock absorbing rubber recoil pad. Feel the custom-like balance . . , slide the "Past Travel" Bolt .... test the improved safety that lets you know when the gun's cocked. Convince yourself! Pay less for more at Sears! CCA DC JtHlW SPORTING GOODS DEPARTMENT Main Floor, 23 E. Stare Ph. 380 Boards Keep Up Highest Standards More or less familiar to the public are the organizations known as the American College of Surgeons and the American College of Physicians. These set up standards, acting under the authority of the American Medical association, which doctors must meet in order to become members. There are also several such organizations known as American boards. The boards represent the numerous special fields in medical and surgical practice. There are American boards of pediatrics, psychiatry and neurology, orthopaedic surgery, dermatology and syphilology, radiology, urology, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, pathology, ophthalmology, otolajyngology, surgery, anesthesiology, plastic surgery, neurological surgery and physical medicine. A-doctor who desires to qualify as a specialist in a particular field must • complete his pr.e-medi- cal and medical courses, finish his internship and then devote anywhere from 2 to 5 years or more as a fellowship member in a recognized hospital residency. In addition, several years of practice are usually required. When the necessary prerequisites have been met the doctor takes a comprehensive written and oral examination and if the examination is successfully passed ,the physician is then certified as a specialist in his chosen field of endeavor. WHERE UNUSUAL SERVICE IS THE USUAL THING OXYGEN EQUIPPED RED CROSS CERTIFIED PERSONNEL Dr. Donald Laird, head of the department of psychology at Colgate university, has come to the conclusion after experiments that at least 2 hours of rest every night may be saved by sleeping on a good, soft bed. He found thnt a soft bed will build up as much mental energy in 6 hours as a hard I bed will build in 8. MAJOR AMBULANCE SERVICE Phone 511 "MAJOR SERVICE MEETS YOUR NEED"

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