Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 27, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, May 27, 1943
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j The Byline of Dependability Hope Star i The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change; scattered thundershowers this afternoon and tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 191 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidaled January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass n PRICE 5c COPY Japs Start Push in China m i ® Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN What to Write a Soldier Some judge a writer by his vocabulary, but that has always seems to me to be academic and Man Arrested for Enticing A truck driver who came in here ^VoTriKMsMrai^ subjects, in the simplest language. ., c , i Writers for the daily pi-ess have wus to find a new topic every 24 hours, through Texarkana and the worker, but I am honest in saying thai there rc t urn cd to Hope, The Star learned are some monthly publications today. truly T h'c lruc |. : driver, C. II. Lee. wa issue I arrested by Arkansas State Police Fighti ling Flares on Sectors of Russian Front —Europe London, May 27 (/I 1 )— A violent upsurge in the land and air battle for the Kuban valley bridgehead held by the Nazis in Ihe Caucasus-, was indicated today by Russian and German reports of intensified fighting frniTt Novorossisk northward to Tcmryuk on the Sea of A/.ov. The Russians announced in their midnight communique thai they had smashed back two counlcr-al- tacking German battalions totaling about 1,000 men, and a special broadcast from Moscow later reported 07 German planes shot down in the a era south of Novorossisk, with a loss of 20 Sovicl planes. A DNB dispatch broadcast from Berlin Idler declared, however, that 03 Russian planes were shot down yesterday against the loss ot five German aircraft. The High Command communique, recorded by the Associated Press, said violent Russian attacks against the eastern sector of the Kuban bridge- hcuU -werC" repelledby u -counter attack. The German radio asserted 400 Russians had been killed and GOO captured in fighting near Tcm- ryuk, but acknowledged the Russians had regrouped their forces and that heavier fighting was in prospect. The Germans, loo, issnrccl reports thai other sectors of (he long Russian front had come alive, with heavy Russian attacks that dented the German lines southwest of Soviet scouting activity south of Velikio Luki and large scale Sovicl scouting activity south of Slaraya Russa. The Germans said their troops were forced to withdraw temporarily from the main defense line below Vclikie Luki but that u counter-attack reestablished the positoin. Vclikie Luki is 270 miles west of Moscow and 'JO miles from the Latvian border. Tiie Germans also declared a Svoiet scouting party had invaded their lines south ot Staraya Russa before being repulsed. Staraya Russia is 2H5 miles northwest of Moscow and 140 miles south and slightly east of Leningrad. whose editors crowd more different subjects into one than daily editors gel into 20 cdi- am j t nc , Miller county sheriff's of- lions. fiee, on a warrant issued by Justice I am speaking about the com- of the Peace T. J. Hogan of Fulton, mcnt we write ourselves, not, of I state police said, course, about the world's news that The charge was develops from day to day. enticing workers 'recruiting and violation in violation of For a long time I have been fo l-1 state labor laws, and the warrant lowing the writing ot William I was issued by • the I- ullon justice UWIMU U1U WI IllMfci WL *T 111*111.. i - . . /.;,„,] Feather in the Imperial Type Metal on the basis ot compla nts 1 cd 8 Arkansons to Get Commissions Annapolis, Md., May 27 —(/I')— Seven midshipmen from Arkansas are members of the 1!)44 naval academy graduating class of tip- proximatcly 7(10 who will receive their commissions June !). ! Hear Admiral J. R. Dcardali, superintendent, ot the academy explained the midshipmen iirc being graduated a year ahead; of schedule due to the accelerated program at the academy. The Arkansans are: ; Clyde Benjamin Randall, Jr. O304 North D) Fort Smith. Guy Alexander Freeling, Jr. (1822 Shadow Lawn) Little Rock. James Elijah Victor, Jr., (4.0 r Johnson) Little Rock. II o w a r d Gaskom Dawsoi Marked Tree. Joseph Alfred Southworth, (183' S. Washington) Siloarn Springs. 'William Robert Bullocj, Dor Tiott. Shirley Audrey Davis, (c-0 Root etroleum Co.) El Dorado. magazine He writes about a thou-1 with the U. S. Employment Service mid things: The quality of tobac-1 i" "ope. stale officers continued. cos; how lo cook a meal; Ihe his- lory of the American fire-place; and the intuition of women. Today he gives you advice on what kind.of a letter lo write a soldier. Says Mr. Feather: "Almost everyone has, or soon will have a son, brother, nephew, or husband in the service of Uncle Sam. Lee and his truckload of men were returned to Hope. Lee faced a possible fine of $r>0() upon conviction for each worker '.solicited, it was said by local authorities, but was dismissed after signing pledge not to make any furlhci solicitation here. According lo local officials Lee and his truck were here only ai Arkansas Due to Rise Today at Pine Bluff Liltlc Rock, May 27 —(/I 1 )— Tin Arkansas river crested today a Litlle Rock at the predicted 31 feel and U. S. engineers voiced hope it hud done its worst. It is due to rise at Pine Bluf until tomorrow morning but tha war - busy city is mostly on high ground or protected by a seawall and except for perhaps a few, low landers whose homes Will be overflowed already have been evacuated. Meteorologist Walter C. Hickmon said il was possible the Pine Bluff crest would be slightly under Ihe predicted 34 feet bill that it still would exceed the record high of 33 feet established in 1933. Of six levee systems between Fort Smith and Pine Bluff to survive the flood of two weeks ago, U. S. engineers were concerne'l about only the Fourche Island dike below hei-e. It protects some 15,000 planted acres. The engineers said its chances of holding improv.'d hourly. Water stood four feel deep ovei sections of Litlle Rock's casl end where approximately 41)0 fami'ies have left their homes. Fifly block:, were inundated. Fort Smith officials expressed belief that emergency connection to the city's regular water main across the river would be effect ed by week end. The city's some 40,000 residents have been on five - gallon per person daily ra lion sirfce Saturday. The emei gency line will traverse a ponlo bridge Hirider construction by arm engineers. "It is our duty to write them frequently—and cheerfully. "The man in uniform derives his greatest enjoyment from letters from home. Next come cigarettes, ch o c o 1 a I e s, and chewing gum. "11 is easy for us to pour out our troubles in our letlers. Yet this is the very worst thing we can do. "We have il from an officer who has spent a year in com bat thai the bcsl letter is the one lhal contains the most news from home. "Tlic soldier docs'not want overwrought sentiment; he does not want to be told he is doing Iho noblesl work ever cut out lor man, "Rather, lie is interested in knowing thai Johnny passed his examinations; thai Ihc home baseball team is in Ihc race for Ihe pennant.; that his old boss has been sued for breach of promise; lhal the woman across the street has given birth to triplets; thai Iho cigars are gelling worse every clay; that the blind newsman who had Ihe best corner in town died and his friends look up a collection for flowers; thai everybody wants lo bo remembered lo him. Too 'often such news is untold. "If you must lell your troubles, tell them in a light and easy way. If you must discuss politics at Washington, don't go so far as to suggest lhal somebody is stealing the pay roll and it won't be long until the soldiers svill have to work for nothing. "imagine your friend or relative homo on a furlough. Tell him the things you would tell him in a face-lo-face meeting, things you know he would ask about. "Then you can't go wrong." | hour, bill in lhal time gathered u] 17 men v all with .suitcases packed leading to the filing of the warran on the ground lhal Ihcrc must, have been earlier planning of the re cruiting. Authorities said the state labo laws covering such cases now hav the effect of federal laws, since th Employment Service is operating Manpowc GO Rubber Workers Go Back to Jobs Akron, O.. May 27 —(/Pi— Striking CIO unionists straggled back ,o war jobs in three major Akron rubber companies today, but only resumed normal pro duction and Ihe B. F. Goodrich Company remained inactive in the face of a presidential ultimatum land-to-Hand Attu Fighting Slows Yanks —Washington Washington, May 27 —(/I 1 )—American forces supported by a naval bombardment and attacking army bombers and fighters have won foothold on a ridge south of enemy-held Chichagof harbor after two days of. hard lighting, the Navy reported today. Despite the ferocity of the fighting on Attu, Secretary of War Stimson reported today, the American casualties have been relatively light, • with preliminary reports inrlicalim' the Armv has lost 127 tilled. 399 wl o u n d e d and 118 nissing. Navy Department cimmuniquc said: "North Pacific: 1. On May 25th: "(A) A United Slates naval vessel bombarded Japanese shore installations in the ChichaRof area and started numerous fires. "(B) Army Warhawk fighters bombed the main camp area at Kiska. Hits were scored in the vicinity of gun emplacements and other installations. "2. On May 26lh: "(A) All buildings in Ihe Chi- chagof area have been destroyed "(B) United Stales Army troops, after hard fighting, in a coordi- Named Co-Respondent in Dempsey Divorce Suit lo end what the commander - in- chief described as an able" and "shocking" as a unit, of the Wai- Commission. It was pointed out today thai th Mope area when it had a surplus c labor a year or more ago sent hundred or more workers to M Alostcr, Okla., but this week's r cruiling raid was said In be a purely private undertaking not connected with the U. S. Employment Service, in which authority over all mass transfers of workers is now concentrated by law. "inexcus- fivc - day stoppage that made more than 50,000 idle. Company spokesmen who preferred anonymity said about 2,000 workers, or less than half the normal force, turned out for the !> a.m. (Central War Time) shift at Goodyear Tare Rubber Co. ajid 25' per cent at the Firestone''. Rubber Co. Machinists Decide to Quit the AFL Washington, May 27 I/I')— The ilernational Association of Ma- linists with a reputed mcm- crship of half a million, nnounced today it is quilling the Uriel-lean Federation of Labor as f May 31 because of a long stand- ig jurisdiclional row. The AFL thus lost almost the ame numerical strength it stands o gain by the prospective readmit ance of John L. Lewis' Unitet Vlinc Workers. The jurdiclional fight involve hiel'ly William L. Hulcheson's carpenters union, which the ma chinisl contend has been "muscl ng in" on its field wtih the sane ion of the AFL executive council Machinists' President Harvey Brown said the break after 4! years affiliation is regrettable, bi "if we are going lo continue t get a beating we are not going t pay for il." The machinists' per capita la payments to the AFL have avc aged about $60,000 a year. The ui ion has been growing rapidly however, because of organizatio in the aircraft field and tax pa> mcnts on the full, claimed men bership would substantially esceec $60,000. Brown said the 1AM would r Nazis Threat to Drop Party Weaklings By the Associated Press Talk of a Na/.i parly purge lo eliminate possible weaklings at a time when an example 1 of strength is needed on the home front came from Germany loday on the heels of a hint that Finland fears Germany will be? forced to consider Ihe Russian front as of secondary importance this summer. The Berlin radio last night quoted Robert Wagner, Gauleiter for Alsace and Baden, as saying in a speech: "Wo cannot allow the parly, at the lime of heaviest fighting, to be burdened by members who are likely to give the German people the wrong ideas of the value of Ihe parly. "The parly, both men and wom- , are responsible for the coun- y's present and future. Wo excel Ihcm to sel examples at home s well as ill the front and lo | e Ihc first everywhere doing their ity voluntarily," Wagner was noted by the broadcast, which as recorded by Ihe Associated ress. "Whoever is unwilling or incana- lo lo be such an example will avo to leave our community. Uness voluntarily will have lo be xpellcd," Wagner added. A Finnish broadcast quoting the lelsinki newspaper Usui S u o m i aid yesterday lhal an Allied lancing in Europe this summer might 1 considered a certainty. As a result, Germany's eastern ront offensive this summer prob- ble will have "only a limited ob- uctive," said the broadcast, which vas recorded by the Federal Corn- nun ica lions Commission. The broadcasl also quoted t h e icwspaper as saying that G e r- nany's complete niobili/.atioi will uol attain its full strengll before 1944" and that "this ma> nive noteworthy significance fin the German general staff whei Claiming their summer offcnsivc. on Ihe eastern front." A Goodyear spokesman dc clarcd it would lake "all day and a- good part of tomorrow to balance up our production, adding i' was necessary to start. from scratch after such a shutdown. Only General Tire Rubber Co reported a full working force 01 the job. Virtually no employes cnlcrec the gales at Goodrich and Unitoc Rubber Workers Union member there said their president Gcorg II. Bass had called on them t atcd attack along the ridge of hichagof Corridor, succeeded in aininu a foothold on the high {round south of Chichagof. (C) The right flank of the United States Army's southern orces is opposed by Japanese 'orce dug in on a ridge south of Lake Corics. (D) Air support was provided jy Army Liberator heavy bomb er.s and Mitchell medium bomber* vWch attacked Japancs epositions | the Chichagof area, Army Lightning fighters assisted by strafing attacks." From the communique and the war secretary's discussion of Ihe situalion il appeared Ihe main enemy position is that at the head of Chichagof harbor which is being ncavily pounded by sea, air and ground troops. However, t h e communique brought out, allhough Stimson did not develop it, the fact the Japanese also slill have a force in the area north of Lake Nicholas which mccl at 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. Ih firsl meeting being schedule* two hours before expiration o President Roosevelt's deadline Workers were instructed not t remain away from jobs just lo a lend the sessions. main independent, that the machinists the same consideration unions." Stalin Hands Davies a Reply to Roosevelt Moscow, May 27 — (/I 1 ) —Joseph E. Da vies announced today lie- had received a written and sealed reply from Premier Stalin to the letter from President Roosevelt which he delivered at the Kremlin last week. The president's emissary said lie id not know Ihc contents of Stal \'s letter and that it was solely nr Ihc Uniled States commander [i - chief. Davies said he was leaving di cctly for Ihc United States. A statement issued to cor •cspondcnts by Davies said: The answer to your inquiry vhelhor I received a letter fror by combined units from bolh Ihe Washington, May 27 (/P)Ficrce hand-to-hand battling is believed to be underway in the primitive wilds of Atlu island today, with United Slates troops presumably hacking and blasting their way irough Japanese death traps with ayonct and grenade. Pending further combat rcporsl 10 exact situalion on the island Battleground was not clear, and uthorities said the final cleanup •night take a few days more. The terrain known to be in enemy hands on the basis of hist •epnrls is ideal for defense, rough nountainous and affording much latural protection, il necessitates an inch-by-inch advance with the nirdon of combat falling on bayo- lel-wielding, grcandc-throwing infantrymen. Navy communique yesterday cleared out both sides of Chichagof valley Monday. That was one of three defense positions lo which the enemy remnants had falle.i back after they lost their main base in Ihe Holtz Bay area. Two olher areas which, on the basis of the Navy communique arc stil in enemy hands arc W. I/I') chagof harbor, lying north of the valley and the exlremely rough Benny Woodall, of Dallas, Texas, fight manager of Lew Jenkins, named as co-respondent-Vby Lt. Commdr. Jack Dempsey,"has word with Mrs. Dorothy Gomez, sister of Mrs. Hannah Williams Dempsey, in corridor of White Plains, New York, court during recess. Mary Coelho, Dempsey's cook, testified it was Woodall for whom the former singer broke a reconciliation date with her husband for New Year's Eve 1941. Massing Troops for Apparent Chungking Drive —War in Pacific Chungking, May 27 — (/P) —The Japanese have concentrated formidable infantry, tank and a i r forces along the upper Yangtze for operations already well under way, and apparently pointed at Chung- king and have opened the great river itself as a supply route as f , far as Ichang, a Chinese military <«! spokesman said today. Ichang, 1,00 miles from the ^ j. Yangtze's mouth and 462 miles",-!* i below Chungking as the river winds, is the main base for vigorous drives into western Hupeh province which have been in. progress for a fortnight. Until a few days ago it was supplied only by land routes norlh of the l river exposed to attack by mobile Chinese unils. The spokesman said, however, that recenlly Japanese gunboats and launches wormed their way along Ihe swift, mine - infested walers of Ihe river to Ichang and brought up rafts, junks and other small craft, some of them carry-' ing artillery for the land forces. He added that Japanese country of the river between Ichang and Shasi, 83 miles downstream, slill was contested by Chinese units along the shore. However, a Japanese flagship has arrived at Shasij" (The Tokyo radio announced yesterday that the commander .,- in - chief of Japan's Yangtze 'fleet had reached Shasi and declared operations for clearing Ihe river successful.) The opening of the Yangtze as a supply route is expected to in- Mrs, Hannah Williams Dempsey poses for the photographers outside crease, the striking power of invaders on the approaches to., Chungking.. Some of their c " >s limns sou ill -ol-the river in vr< ern Hupeh already are within 275' 1 air line miles of the Free China S | capital. The Chinese consider thai the . Japanese are trying' to smash Chinese defenses on the river before launching a simultaneous land' and naval advance on Generalissimo Chiang Kai - shek's provisional capilal, the army spokesman staled. He estimated between'--,j 70,000 and 80,000 Japanese troops " are engaged in the West Hupeh" the White Plains courthouse. Willie Friedland, fight manager, was first witness in the divorce suit brought by Lt. Commdr. Jack Dempsey of the Coast Guard against his wife. Friedland testified he saw Mrs. Dempsey 'hug and kiss" Lew Jenkins, the former lightweight champion in an automobile in Philadelphia in September 1940. operations. U.S. Bombers Keep Pounding Italian Bases "with the hope will be given as other Brother, Sister Meet As Sergeants Memphis, Tenn. —I.Vi- Sergeant Ashburn met Sergeant Ashburn recently for the first time in six years. Leader Marjorie Ashburn, who holds the WAAC rank equivalent lo sergeant, came home on a surprise visit. Her brother, Sergeant Lloyd Ashburn of Fort Sill, Okla., also visited home unexpectedly. They hadn't met since )93(j. VIr. Stalin to President Roosevc! s ye'i. I rocievod il last night he Kremlin. It is sealed lettei Us contents are exclusively for our commander in chief, Presi- denl Roosevelt. I will make no comment cither directly or by in- frencc as to what the letter contains. Nothing could have been more kind or fine than the generous treatment I received from my old friends in the Soviet government. I leave for hume immediately." Davies conferred with Slailn again last night at the Kremlin in the presence of Soviet Foreign Commissar Vyaeheslav Mololov. A Tass announcement of the meeting gave no details. A picture of Stalin. Davies and Mololov ut The Kremlin as the president's envoy wound up his business and prepared to 1 e a v e for home was published on the front page in a four - column today by Izvostia, official space government newspaper. Stalin was smiling and appeared very pleased. Davies and M o 1 o- tov' looked satisfied. Observers agreed that all appeared delighted about something, but Iheve was no explanation of what thai something was. country around th cnorlh shore of Lake Nicholas, soulhwcsl of the harbor. The ridge flanking the approach to the harbor was under assault Monday, according to the Navy report which said Ihe action was "continuing." There was no 4 re- Dorl of atlacks in the lake sector but it was assumed steady pressure was being exerted against the Japanese hemmed in there. The entire aera of combat has shrunk until embraces only a few square miles. Authorities who recalled the wholesale? surrender of German and Italian troops when they were hopelessly trapped in North Afrcia recenlly said any enemy forces except the Japanese probably would have given up Attu by now. The fanatical resistance of the Japanese, however, is in line with the struggle they put up on Guadalcanal and are still showing in New Guinea in the Southwest Pacific, where they had to be slain almost to a man. It is this factor of fighting to the last which oakes the time of the final cleanup of Attu so uncertain. In New Guinea also the extermination of Japanese went on Some Flood Return Home By The ASgocialed Press Farm families in many parts of the six - slate midwest f 1 o o ;l zone, evacuated after rising waters from scores of rivers threatened their lives, were returning t-> their water - damaged homes and inundated lands today to begin lo perhaps either summer program of food production. The evacuees in many of the flooded areas returned to their homes as the danger of further rising waters passed, but thousands of others remained in refugee shelters, mostly in Southern Illinois and Eastern Missouri. More than 160,000 persons were | driven from their homes by the I floods. Other thousands in communities along the Mississippi and Illinois river slill were plagued by the disorderly conduct of the two surging streams. The situalion in many river towns, although somewhat improved, remained critical Mrs. Dempsey Divorce 9 Case Delayed New York, May 27 —(/ft— Mrs. Hannah Williams Dempsey de- fcndanl in Lieut. Commander Jack Dempsey's divorce action, was attended by physicians and a nurse in her hotel suite today as her sister, Mrs. Dorothy Gmoez, described the former revue star as the victim of "a complete nervous collapse." After a two - day start, Dempsey's action and Hannah's conn- ler-suit for divorce were adjourned unlil Tuesday on the application from Supreme Court Official Referee J. Addison Young in White Plains, N. Y.. yesterday, and sub- milted a physician's affidavit that Mrs. Dcmpscy was ill. She did not attend the trial yesterday. Arthur F. Driscoll, the former By DANIEL DE LUCE Allied Headquarters in North heavyweight champion's ey. said loday he would "strenuously oppose any further ndjourn- meuts." Dempsey has accused his intimacies with Ben• i f e of (Continued on Page Two) (Conlinued on Pagt Two) ny Woodall. boxing promoter and trainer, and Lew Jenkins, former lightweight champion. Before the adjournment. Referee Young issued an order for the attachment of a woman identified as Yvette Colbert on the request of Donovan, who said she was a necessary wtiness to Mrs. Dempsey's case, and that she had failed to'respond to a subpoena. Driscoll said today his invests gallon had indicated sho was "a woman who claimed she went lo Dempsey's restaurant for employment on cine or uvo occasions. Dempsey claims he's never seen her or »iet her." In Ihe Iwo days of trial, during which Dempsey was introducing his evidence, a parade of domestics and former associates of Mrs. Dempsey testified there were affectionate scenes between the wo- and and the Iwo men named as co-respondents. Africa, May 27 — (if) — American*, I bombers struck savagely again at «il Ilaly's southern island air defenses t,l on Sicily, Sardinia and Panteller- '| ia yeslerday, Flying Fortresses blasting the big Sicilian air base at Comiso from substratosphere < J height. It was announced today. JT | Mitchell and Marauder medium"* 1 bombers at the same time swept ' in to attack enemy air fields at Ponte Olivio. They were excelled-; by Lightning fighter planes, omb - loaded Lightnings an dunm' Bomb - loaded Lightnings and Warhawks, both designed as fighter planes, kept up their assaults J on Sardinian targets, hilling grounded aircraft at Villacidro air field and leaving alarge supply vessel burning at Golfo Aranci. Warhawks bombed the -isolated , i little island of Pantellcria again. Five enemy aircraft officially were reported destroyed in this heater in 24 hours, making a tola], of 348 Axis planes claimed destroyed in eight days in the air md on the ground by the Noith- west African Air Force squadions alone. The actual total undoubtedly is ligiicr, air sources said, because J no figures have been given out since early in the week regaiding planes deslroyed on the ground. (With 12 planes listed by Middle East and Malta fliers, the total for the period runs to at least 360 planes destroyed.) Today's headquarters communi- que also announced direct hits were scored on the power station at Tirso. in Sardinia, whose power is generated by the Tirso dam, largest on the island. The Fortresses encountered Ihe only major enemy resistance over Sicily. They shot down three of 50 Mcsserschmitt 109's which iix- tcrcepled them. No Fortresses were lost, but from all operations of the Northwest African Air Forces two planes are missing. The extraordinary coordination of Allied air power in the Mediterranean was revealed by details of; two seprate raids of Tuesday on (Continued on Page Two)

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