_ • n I' / The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Slightly warmer this afternoon and tonight; scattered thundershowers in extreme northwest portion this afternoon and in north portion tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER. 190 Star of Mono, '899; Press, 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—(Wans Newspaper c -' Enterprise Ass'n Chicaghof Cleared of Japs » ^^Hl^^^ , —' ~" . >><. 4fc I ^ ^ I 4 _ . Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor —ALEX. H. WASHBURN • Sailor's Voice in Congress The Poll Tax Issue Again of Los Evan Owen Jones, Jr., second class signalman Angeles, was a sailor who made the front page by homing on congress yesterday. Jones sitting m the go cry wh e Quick Passage of Compromise Tax Plan Seen in the House shouted: of Representatives is.' Two Big Plants Threatened by Flood Waters By The Associated Press Two huuo industrial plants in Southern Illinois, as well as several small communities in that region and in Eastern Missouri, remained imperilled today as Ihc rampaging Mississippi river, choked with flood waters from scores of tributaries, showed no material drop in Ihe lower reaches. Although conditions upstream on the Mississippi and the Illinois rivers were reported improved with drops recorded, the two swollen streams continued relentlessly along their path of destruction over a wide section in the danger /.ones of the flooded area. At Wolf Lake, 125 miles south of St. Louis, six inches of walcr covered the town and fear was expressed by officials thai the Atlas powder plant, covering 2,000 acres of low land, was endangered by the spreading Mississippi waters. The plant, which manufactures industrial explosives is about three miles cast of the Mississippi which already Jiap •.; •***' ' '*«•»* i:'. _.'. :''j" ™f .> -3' i ovi>r "Tliousaii'd' of acres oFland in the vicinily after levees broke at Preston and Aklridgc. About 25 miles north of Wolf Lake, at Grand Tower (111.) the Illinois Central Public Service Generating Plant, a $9,000,000 project, was menaced by the ever- rising Mississippi waters and the situation was termed "critical" by Coast Guardsmen at Ihc scene. The plant, which supplies power for Illinois south of Tuscola, including many coal mines, also covers 2,000 acres and it was ringed with sandbags. The plant's intake for the generator cooling system is located on the normal bank of Ihc Mississippi. Mayor C. D. Gardiner, who reported that water covered 80 per cent of the town, urged the immediate evacuation of 50 per cent of the BOO inhabitants and the 400 refugees. . At I-ieardstown (IH.i the Illinois river continued to rise, touching 211.711 early today and indications were that il would reach the 30- fool crest today or tomorrow. Army officials termed Ihe situation "potentially serious." About 5,500 of the river town's 0,500 residents have been evacuated. While communities along the Illinois side of Ihc Mississippi river continued to engage the attention of engineers, sokliers and workers the big stream showed a drop of six inches in 24 hours at St. Louis, touching 38.4 feet last night. Flood Crest Is Reached in Arkansas Little Hock, May 20 I/I')— The crest of the Arkansas river's record-breaking flood crept slowly downstream today toward a predicted maximum stage of 30 feet "or slightly higher" here tomorrow. The stream crested at 30.45 feel at Morrilton late yesterday slightly more than a half - fool under the predicted stage and several hours ahead of schedule. The situation as flood - weary Arkansas entered ils 18th day of battle against the rampaging Ark- White and St. Francis debated the anti-poll tax bill, "You don't have to pay lo 0 fight; why should you have lo pay to vole?" The house had Sailor Jones taken out, and the physician-naval-ofticcr who examined him said he was "just letting oft steam." Sailor Jones made a name for himself with the fleet, and the sil- uation is nol without humor when a fleet's man undertakes lo lecture a crowd of congressmen. Yet Ihe cold facts arc, that a wise-crack won't solve Ihc age-old political problem raised by the at- lack on the Soulh's poll lax system. The South's reply was well- phrased by Congressman Brown, Georgia Democrat: "When the Democratic party was in the minority for a long series of years, the Democrats of the South kept the fires of democracy burning; and since our parly has been in the majority for the past ten years wn arc confronted annually with Ihis issue of interfering with local self-government brought about by some new converts." Arkansas' congressional dclcga tion voted solidly, of course, gainst the poll tax repealer. Nevertheless it passed the lower house ml went to the senate. There we shall probably see the same sad political orgy enacted several times in Ihe last decade—argument and filibuster until the measure is killed. The attack on the poll tax is purely political, and an indefensible waste of congress' time with the nation at war. A $1 poll tux. for the common •school-fund has always been levied on the voling franchise in Arkansas. Americans arc nol disenfranchised for the price of $1. The poll tax system is defensible as a nominal revenue-raiser, if for no other reason than that every section must in a i nt a i n public schools. The South has less wealth per capita than the East, must tax people as well as properly, and Is ill-prepared lo listen to a moral lecture from poll tax reformers bent on tearing up the internal affairs of America while the nation should be united. Finally, it is all nonsense for "reformers'" to allege that any system of free registration of voters is superior to the Soulh's traditional poll lax plan. Every one of Ihc loloriously corrupt city political nachincs—from Ihc current Kelly- Nash outfit in Chicago to the old- time Tammany Hall crowd in New York—operated under the free registration system. Right or wrong, the poll lax system is the local product of the South—and the South should resist, through Ihc congress and to the final court) appeal, any bullying attempt from the outside lo change il. A section may be persuaded, of ils own free debate; but use of federal force would only serve to weaken the hold Ihe national gov- crnmcnl should have upou all of us—particularly in time of By The Associated Press Washington, May 20 —I/I')—House and Senate conferees who finally struggled to a eompromsic on pay- as-you-go income tax collection raced against the legislative clock today to put il into effect by July 1, only five weeks away. Prospects look good for speedy Senate and House approval, leaders among the conference group declared. Designed lo put the nation's 44,000,000 taxpayers on a current, basis without the compulsion of paying two years' taxes in one, here, stripped of detail, is what the bill would do: Cancel a whole year's income lax liability for persons owing the government $50 tax or less. Cancel 75 per cent of a year s liability for all others, with the remainder to be paid half in 1944 and half in UM5. Impose a 20 per cent withholding levy against the taxable portion of'wages and salaries, to be applied against income and victory la,x liabilities. Require quarterly payments of the current year's tax by persons with income from sources other than wages or salaries, and from persons in upper salary brackels. Chairman Doughlon (D-NC) ol Ihe House Ways and Means committee, who headed the House conference delegation, said he hoped the bill would be accepted by both Houses this week and approved by the president. Senator Vandcnberg (R-Mich.), ranking Republican member of the finance committee, told a reporter he did not think there would be any serious controversy about the measure now that the conferees have ended a five day deadlock. "It is perfectly obvious that it is the best' compromise available," he said, "and it is equally obvious that there must be a bill passed.' Whether the legislation would Bars Must Separate Beer, Wine Business Little Uock, May 20 — (/!') — Retail beer dealers dispensing native wines must set up separate business establishments If they intend to sell both . After Jul.v•!. Revenue Commissioner M. li. Me- Lcod said today. He defined a separate place ol business as one with a separate entrance without a connecting door. The 11)43 law prohibiting beer dealers from dispensing native wines in their establishments has; been effective since its passage, however, the revenue department has allowed wine selling beer dealer.- to continue the sales until oxpira tion of their 1942 - 43 permits. Poll Tax Bill May Be Killed in Senate Washington; May 20 — Routed southern cnngressmc. looked hopefully to the Senate t day to kill legislation outlawing the imposition of poll taxes i n national elections. Passed late yesterday by the House on a roll - e;ill vote of 205 110 over iilmosl solid Southern Islands Bombed Constantly Otf Italian Coast —Africa Pantelleria: Italy's Little Malta to Ipgislation is; simi- hills approved by talked to deatli in opposition, the lar to previous the House and the Senate. Opponents professed In see in the present Senate makeup an even belter chance to hall the measure, since the veteran George Morns of Nebraska, who was influential in bringing the bill to the floor in past years, no longer is a member. Affecting primary as well as general elections, the legislation was described by its author.; Rep. Marcantonio (Amn. Lba.-NYl as designed to protect the voting rights of 10,000,000 citizens, including -1 000.000 Neurocs in seven southern states having poll taxes. Debate, which bogged around the constitutionality of the Jorcc- dure, was enlivened when [fanned Slates sailor nimbly .leaped t a railing in the visitors' gallery and started making an speech against poll (Continued on Page Two) Summer Parley on Production of Food Likely ansas, rivers. Nearby Camp Robinson, sharpo curtailed Us water consumption t husband some two million gallons. in ils reservoirs after the rivei ruptured an underwater pipeline supplying the post. Army engineers at water - ra tioned Fort Smith starled buildint a new pontoon bridge to suppor emergency pipelines. The first ris a fortnight ago broke the rcgula mains across the river. The secon rise last week nappded the pon loons carrying emergency lines. Gov. Homer . Adkins ordered oul the Pine Bluff state Kiiard unit for patrol duty on Ihe Frenchlown levee below Pine Bluff. Racial Disorders Bring Out Guards Mobile, Ala., May 20 —(/I'l— Federal and state troops stood guard today in this war - crowded seaport' as insurance against any recurrence of racial disorders at a shipyard which brought slight injuries to at least eight persons and left an estimated 10.000 Negro workers idle in this area. The clash between Negro and white workers yesterday at. the into island yard of the Alabama ock Shipbuilding Co.. resulted rom "false rumors" thai Negro -elders were lo be added to while rows, D. R. Dunlap, company >rcsidenl, said. Brig. Gen. James A. Mollison, ommanding general of the Mo- jil e Air Depot, announced he had rdered an "adequate number of United Slates troops inlo Ihc shipyard lo protect government property and to prevent interference with the war effort." Another Township Outlaws Liquor Fort Smith, May 20 —i/l'i— Cole township, embracing the town of Hackett, voted 77-27 yesterday to outlaw sale of liquor, beer and wine. It was the third Sebastian county township to express such sentiment in local option elections recently. The others were big Creek and Mont Sandcls. Center township, including the town of Greenwood, will vole on the prohibition question June 15. By OVID A. MARTIN Hot Springs, Va., May 26 — (/!')The United Nations food confer once moved today .toward apparent agreement on recomnicnda lions thai Ihc 44 participating na lions join in an interim commis sion this summer to formulate detailed plans for boosting looc production after the war. Creation of such a commissio was proposed by United Stale and Chinese delegations as means of ultimately cslablishin an international agency lo carry out. policies and programs to raise the living standards of all peoples, This commission, which probably would have headquarters in Washington, would be charged with the responsibility of working out plans for such an agency. 1C approved, the interim commission idea would perhaps be one of the most concrete proposals to come out of the conference. In calling Ihe parley United Slates officials emphasized that its principal objective was to start the work thinking about ways of achieving a bcllcr-fcd world and an expand ing economy. Approval of a resolution estab lishing an interim commission was taken" for granted. Virtually every delegation has gone on record as favoring the creation of machin- ry lo secure international collab- ration on food, agricultural and nitrilional problems. Delegates generally agreed that the conference itself aloes not have sufficient ime not technical information to draft plans for an international .igoney. Final decision on a permanent international food authority would lave to be made, of course, by the respective governments. Neither Ihc present conference nor the proposed i n t e r i m commission would haw authority to commit any nation. The present parley may, however, suggest the general outline of Ihe permanent agency. The Chinese suggest that it shuold engage in five types of activity — Mi Collection and distribution of statistics and information; <2) promotion of agricultural research and education; (3> development of better knowledge of nutrition; (4> coordination of national production policies and the maintenance of buffere stocks of commodities to stabilize supplies and prices: and (51 provision of funds to finance buffer slocks and credit lo help develop agricultural resource. yesterday imprompt ixcs. .. Before being ejected by police, c asked "why floes a man have iay tribute for the right lo olc 1 '" and added '.hat "you don't ave to pay to fight, why ^should on have lo pay to vote'.'" He dicntified himself as Evan Owen Jones, Jr., 2V, of Los Angeles, a signalman, second class, md said he had been on active duty for two years, including par- ici'palion in the battle of Singapore. Jones, told reporters he came to Ihe capitol while on 48 - hour leave lo "sec what makes this country click." He declared he was "disgusted because members of Congress are fighting Ihc Civil Wai- all over again." "They're just wasting their time anyhow," he said. IJc was released after questioning. By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa. May 26 — (/P) —A Hied lircraft, including large forces of Flying Fortresses and Libel a tors, gave Italy's outer invasioi defenses — Sicily, Sardinia and Pantelleria - what was officially described as "a terrific hamtnci ing" yesterday and .destroyed 2! Axis planes in combat. Nearly 400 planes from th Northwest African Air Fore bombed and gunned docks, ship ping, airfields, supplies and communications lines in the smoking, fire - grimed Italian strongholds in the Mediterranean. A large force of Flying Fortresses of Ihc Northwest African command pasted docks, railroad yards, power slalions and the naval base at Messina, Sicily, and Liberators of the Middle East command stirred up the ruins there by dumping 175 tons of explosives in a separate raid. Eleven planes failed to return from the missions undertaken by the Northwest Africa n force, but an official announcement said "Croat damace was done to important industrial and a suppl, ship and a tug wer c set on fiie With American planes delivering the main blows, the raids began early in the morning, and almost continually throughout the daylight hours bombers and fighters were over at least one of the three Italian islands. The fierest air fights took place over Sicily and it was there that the 23 Axis planes were shot down Authoritative sources said that yesterday's cxlremly heavy pound ing of the outer Italian defenses was evidence of the increasing might of the Allied air forces and indicated that even this scale of attack would soon be dwarfed by blows now being prepared. The Allied loss of 11 planes was described as "remarkably small in view of the large attacking forces and proof of the superior tactics, equipment and leadership." The two - way blasting of the Sicilian ferry terminus of M c s sina was the high point of the day's assault and the blasting given the city by the fortresses was described as "one of the most successful allacks of Ihc N o r I h African campaign." Dirccl hils were scored on ferry slipways, railroad yards, supply dumps, railway shops, military stores and heavy explosions werc seen when a string of bombs (ell on the naval seaplane base. Thick, black smoke rose in a lall column. Mediterranean Seer PANTELLERIA ISLAND Pantelleria, fruit-growing Italian island now honeycombed with underground forts and airfields, may be the first target of the allied trans-Mediterranean drive. Already heavily bombed, this Malta- like isle is a stepping stone to Sicily, which in turn is. a stepping stone to Italy, Uneasy Calm Continues on Russian Front Duesseldorf Hit by 500 RAF Bombers Hitler Trying to Get Troops From Rumania i Ankara. May 25 — (Delayed) — ! (/P, _ Germany was reported today to be exerting the strongest possible pressure on Rumaniable to send another large army to the Russian front this year. Information from usually reliable sources in Rumania said the pressure was being applied by Baron Manfred Von Killinger. Gorfnan minister, ami one observer predicted thai by late fall between IK and 25 Rumanian divisions would »o into the Soviet Union. " Rumanian forces suffered heavy casualties in Russia last winter particulary at Stalingrad, and at one time Rumanian leaders were reported firmly decided against another expeditionary force to the eastern front. This decision was strengthened, the Rumanian sources said, by German failure to carry out a promise l" provide armor tor Rumanian divisions before the end of sprim.',. However, these reports asserted German declarations that w i t h out Rumanian aid the German mk'hl be forced to yield the en lire Ukraine to Russia and a Na/. promise to reconsider Ihc stalus o Transylvania, which Rumania ccd cd to'Hungary in 1040 under Gei man pressure, had gradually weak ened Marshal Ion Antonescu's termination to stay out of Russia. These sources reported further i that. Baron Killinger recently sent a written note to Marshal Antonescu accusing a high Rumanian leader of pro - Allied leanings and de- Imanding his removal from office. Nine separate accusations were said to have been made lo show that the official waii u iruiiur. Edsel Ford, 49 Dies at 1:30 p. m. Today Detroit, May 20 — (/I 1 ) — Ed.se! Kurd. president of the famous Ford Motor Company, died at 1:30 a. m. today. Death came to the 49 - year - old president of the world's great family - owned manufacturing enterprise at his home in suburban Grossc Pointc Shores, after an illness of many months standing that became critical 10 days ago. With him at his bedside were, his wife, the former Eleanor Lowtln- an Clay, and three of their four children. A statement issued by a iifccm- cr of the Henry Ford hospital taff sadi: Death was due lo a condi- 1011 which developed from a form- r stomach malady for which, an peralion w a s performed 10 iionths ago. Undulant fever was jlso present." His parents, Mr. and Mrs. llenvj Ford, were not present, but nur- ied to the home immediately upon jeing advised of their son's death Edsel Ford, only son of t h < founder of the Ford company Ilia grew from an initial paid - in in vestment of $28.000 to a world wide organization for w h i c Henry Ford once was reported to have refused $2.000,000,000, ha been ill for a long time, but sisled upon "carrying on." "1 can't spare the lime," h observed frequently when asked why he did not submil lo medical tra'tment and surgery. if necessary. A year ago last January he was discovered to be suffering from numerous and far advanced ulcers of the stomach. Dr. Roscoe R Graham, of the surgical faculty of the University of Toronto, operated upon him and so far as possible removed the ulcerous condition. BY EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 20 —(/P)— Land action moved today from the south to the north central sector of the Soviet front, where the Russians reported they had captured four settlements but on the whole an uneasy calm continued to prevail over the long battle lines. The great air battles of the current softening up campaign were unabated however, with Red airmen hammering again and again at German communications and supplies — particularly railway stations, supply dumps and IrucS columns. As on numerous previous occasions, Russian bombers struck behind the German lines. Rosvavl, Yclnya and Spas Dcmcnskoc — central front junctions through which pour supplies to the vita salient not far from Moscow — suffered damage from heavy - weight bombs. Sporadic cannonading and scouting took place west of Rostov and I Lisichansk on the Donets river. The midday communique also eportcd a flare - up on the ap- roachcs to Leningrad, where it aid eight enemy planes were slnl own by Red Baltic sea pilots. Col. Nikolai Akimov, reviewing ic military situation, said: "Th,e Germans evidently have been un- ble lo recover fully from the lows inflicted on them at Stalin- rad, the Middle Don and North- •rn Caucasus." •It would be a mistake, how- •vcr. to think the military migb'- >f tlie Germans has already been smashed and thai they will make 10 attempt to resume active operations on a broad scale," ho added. •On the contrary, there arc a number of signs indicating that Ihc Germans are preparing intensively for the summer campaign of 1943 on Ihe Sovicl - German front. London, May 26 — (/P) — A armada of RAF heavy bombers probably as strong as the force which unloaded more than 2,000 tons of explosives on Dortmund Sunday night, blasted Duesseldovf last night in a continuing offensive apparently aimed to obliterating Germany's arms centers one by one. Observers estimated that perhaps 500 bombers — at least three- quarters of them giant - four-motored craft capable of carrying a tremendous weight of high explosives _ participated in the assault. One informed source said "it would not be surprising to hear that the weight of bombs dropped" approached or equalled the tonnage dropped on Dortmund. Reports on the full extent of damage inflicled, however, were delayed because of heavy clouds which made observation over the target difficult. The air ministry communique said the raid on Duesseldorf was carried out "iii very great strength," the same phrase used to describe the attack on Dortmund. The text of the communique: "Last night aircraft of the bomber command were over Germany in very great strength with D u e s- seldor'f as the main objective. "Clouds over the target made it difficult to see the full result of Ihe bombing. Twenty - seven bombers are missing. "Fighter command aircraft, one of which is-missing, carried out intruder operations over Holland, Belgium and France." Only 2 Pockets of Resistance Lett on Attu —Washington Washington, May 20 —<VP)—Unit! ed States troops have wiped ouf the Japanese position in Chicagho valley, one of three major » re ^. held by the enemy on Altti islandj the Navy announced today, ancr were reported following up ^wit drive against a second main • ilion around Chicaghof harbor. ? Army heavy and medium bornp ers and fighter planes supportc the continuing assault a Nav communique said. The P^ 3 ",'.-! bombed and strafed enemy poslf lions in the Chicaghof area an started fires. The Chicaghof valley sector wa cleared of enemy forces on day. Although there was no repojf] of enemy casualties, it was sumed here that the dwindling anese units on the bleak north Pa cific isle had again lost heavily am that those which surivved the at tack fell back upon Chicaghof hat bor for a' final stand with thei comrades in the ridge pverlookin the narrow coastal plain. , The Navy communique said: "South Pacific : (All dates arfl east longitude) "1. On May 23, Ihe small Unitel States auxiliary vessel Niagarj was attacked by Japanese plane] east of Cape Surville, San Crsitd bal island. Considerable damagf was inflicted on the vessel, whi was subsequently sunk by XJ. forces after members of the qr were taken aboard accompanying Naval units. , jl "2. On May 24th Avenger torpedfi bombers and Wildcat fight ' bombed and strafed Japanese- stallalions at Ringi Cove, wpst 1 '" I Vila on Kolombangara island, "3. On MayV 25ffi, Dauntless! bombers, Avenger torpedo t— ers and Wildcat fighters bombe| and strafed Japanese installation] at Rekata Bay, Santa Isabel land. Ammunition dumps were ploded and large fires wen started. "North Pacific: "4. On May 24th, United State Army ground troops cleared both sides of Chicaghof valley. , assault was made by combine northern and southern forces alon the ridge north of the valley an was reported as continuing, ing in the assault were Uniti States Army Air Forces consist: of Liberator heavy bombers, chell medium bombers, and Ligh ning fighters. These pland bombed and strafed Japanese pol itions ni the Chichagof area air started fires." Since the Attu action disclosi] today was accomplished Honda the communique left uncertain t|L military situation on the island?! this time. The Navy had reported last 5a urday that as the'battle for t Telephone Rote Hearing June 22 bo- FDR, Churchill to Release Statement Washington, May 20 —(/I 1 )- The White House disclosed today that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill arc preparing a brief joint statement on their war councils. Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said he did not know when il would be issued, but that it would not be today. The two Allied leaders spent most ol the morning together, he said. Little Rock, May 26 — </Ti The Utilities Commsisjon will Kin hearings June 22 on its long pending statewide rate invcstiga lion ol the Southwestern Bell Telephone company. Hearing date was set yesterday after the commission consolidated the general investigation w i t h seven other cases involving telephone rates. Rogers Helena. West Helena. Bentonville, Walnut Ridge, Hope and Batesville. The separate cases resulted from city ordinances lowering telephone rates. The company appealed each to the commission lomalically suspending "•- lions. the au- reduc- (Continued on Page Two) Million Rail Workers to Get Pay Hikej Washington, May 28 — (/P) emergency board of the Natiq Railway Labor panel recomme ed today a general increase cents an hour for more tha million of the nation's rai}rq employes. The 15 - so - called non - opejj ing unions involved had asked] increase of 20 cents an hour | a minimum wage of "JO cents' hour, and the union shop, board declined lo reconun^ Ihese proposals. The recommendations are based on the Little S 11 formula of the War Labor Bog but the emergency board "we certify" that the nicrea? are within the national btabili lion program, The increases, said the repp are "the minimum, non - inflat ary adjustments necessary corrccl gross inequities and to a| in the effective prosecution the war." The WLB. in addition lo Little Steel formula, may just, further increases under the Si language. The emergency board s re is not subject to action by War Labor Board. Only Stabilkl tion Dirceotr James- F. Brynfl acting for the president, raj modify it. An executive order provides unless the stabilization direct otherwise directs, the recoj mendations shall become 30 days after they are filed the president.
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