4—A lata REGISTER-NEWS — MT. VERNON, ILLINOIS MONDAY, JANUARY 27, ltfG9 MT. VERNON REGISTER-NEWS 118 North Ninth Street, Mt. Vernon, Illinois 62864 (DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY) MT. VERNON NEWS ESTABLISHED 1870 MT. VERNON REGISTER ESTABLISHED 1882 CONSOLIDATED SEPTEMBER 28, 1920 EDWIN RACKAWAY Editor WM, C. RACKAWAY Business Manager ORIAN METCALF .„ News Editor JOHN RACKAWAY Sports Editor GUY HENRY City Editor NADINE ALLISON _ Society Ediior ROBERT K. THOMPSON Advertising Manager CHARLES DEITZ Plant Superintendent MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to use fcu the publication of all news credited to it or riot otherwise credited in this paper and also the local .lows published therein. Second Class Postage paid at Mt. Vernon Illinois SUBSCRIPTION RATES Subscriptions must be paid in advance. By mail, Jefferson county and adjoining couriies, 1 year $ 9.00 6 months $6.00; 3 months $3.50; 1 month $ 1.25 By mail outside Jefferson and adjoining counties within 150 miles, 1 year $12.00; 6 months $8.00; 3 months $5.50; per single ;unth $ 2.50 Outside 150 miles, 1 year $15.0C 6 months, $8.50; 3 months $6.00; 1 month $2.75 Delivered by carrier in city per week 40 The Global View TO Years Of Castro Enough For Cuba And Reds Alike A Thought For Today Then I will cut off Israel from the land which I have given them; and the house which I have consecrated become a proverb and a by-word among all peoples.— for my name I will cast out of my sight; and Israel will I Kings 9:7. o:o o:o o:o Proverbs are short sentences drawn from long and wise experience.—Miguel Cervantes, Spanish novelist. Editorial. . . Balance Of Payments— Seesaw Ride For U.S. M UCH may have gone wrong for President Johnson in the closing years of his administration, but at least the financial breaks went his way at the very end. In his final State of the Union address, he was able to point to both a modest budget surplus, thanks largely to the 10 per cent surtax proving more lucrative than anticipated, and a plus in the nation's balance of payments. The latter is the more surprising and, paradoxically, also causing some concern. For the first year since 1957 more money came into the country than flowed out, contrary to predictions as late as last November that the spring of deficits would be continued by something like $1.4 billion. Instead, the combination of U.S. business bringing home an unprecedented $1.5 billion from its overseas operations and an unusually large inflow of foreign funds, more than $2 billion attracted primarily by rising U.S. stock prices and interest rates, during the year's final quarter converted red ink into black. What causes concern is that the payments surplus is, if not illusory, at least of a highly transient nature. With the slightest downturn in the U.S. economy, the foreign money could and probably would flow out again. And overshadowed by the good news in the ledger is the disturbing fact that the most important item in our international accounts—trade—dropped drastically to what Treasury Undesecretary Frederick L. Deming termed "a miserable $500 million" surplus. In previous years, overseas investment, tourist spending and the defense effort have been the big spenders, dumping billions sf dollars abroad and fueling the run on American gold reserves. A health trade surplus, running from $3 to $5 billion annually, has gone a long way to balance the drain and keep deficits manageable, i But for too many years the United States has been managing like Eliza on the ice, jumping from expedient to expedient with the bloodhounds of disaster—a panic run on the dollar—snapping at our heels. With the once-dependable trade surplus now in danger, something more than expedients is needed to deal with a , chronic balance-of-payments problem that has never looked blacker, despite the black ink for 1958. 'An' The Smile Ye Wear . . / IT LOOKS AS THOUGH one good deed is about to beget an• other in transportation. What is hopefully a new era in passenger trains is barely under way with the introduction of the new high-speed express between New York and Washington. Now comes word that railroad employes are receiving special training in what was almost a lost art—treating passengers well. The Penn-Central is putting some 3,000 on- and off-train personnel through passenger-relations course stressing courtesy and efficiency. Like the galley-type dining facilities the new trains feature, it is something borrowed from the airlines. The "coffee, tea or milk" and cataleptic smile routine of the stewardesses may at times seem overdone, but it has helped to sell flight as a pleasant way to travel. Treating the paying passenger to a smile instead ,of a snarl is not going to hurt the effort to lure a good share of the traveling oublic back to the trains. By LEON DENNEN NEA Foreign News Analyst NEW YORK (NEA) A grim symbolism marked the tenth anniversary of Fidel Castro's rise to power when 88 men and women fought past Cuban Communist guards in a desperate escape into the U.S. Naval base at Guantanamo. The escapees, from many parts of Cuba and all walks of life, included students, workers and Negroes. They risked their lives, they said, because they could no longer endure hunger and Castro's rule of terror. A decade ago this month, when this writer reached Havana after the fall of Batista's dictatorship, Castro was hailed as a liberator not only in Cuba but throughout Latin America. A majority of Cubans hoped that he would bring them freedom and a bettor lift after years of repression. Castro, of course, thought differently. He was already in 1959, as the Russions now admit, a convinced Marxist-Leninist and a member of Moscow's secret organization of guerrillas in Latin America. Instead of holding free elections as promised, Castro organized a Soviettype police state. He threw many of his trust collaborators, including the idealistic Hnber Hatos, Into prisons where they are still languishing as un-pcrsons. In the name of a mythical Marxist-Leninist society • that he set out to create, he introduced a system of forced labor - -o- -o- -o- and told the Cubans to tighten their belts even more. "Not only is there not enough to eat in Cuba, but they, force youu to spend extra hours in the field after a 54-hour work week," said a Negro worker among the lucky who reached Guantanamo. Such complaints are not new. Tens of thousands of refugees have given sinjilar accounts of life in Castro's socialist state. What is new is increasing evidence that even Castro's Russian sponsors are now convinced that his economic and ultrarev- olutionary policies are a failure. They would like him to concentrate on producing more sugar and improving Cuba's economy while leaving it to Moscow to decide when revolution ought to take place in Latin America. But Castro, having tasted power, has convinced himself that, as a Communist strategist, he is equal to Lenin and Mao Tse-tung. He insists lie knows better than the Russians how to accelerate revolutionary process in Latin America. No wonder the pro-soviet leaders of Venezuela, Bolivia and Colombia castigated iiim publicly for meddling in their internal affairs. Castro, in turn, charged that a "pseudo-revolutionary Mafia" of Latin-American Reds is trying to depose him and moderate the policies of the Cuban revolution. The Russians are stuck with him—for the immediate future at least. They cannot as yet afford to admit that Marxist-Leninism is a fiasco in the only country of the Western Hemis- -o- -o- -o- phere where Communists attained power. If Cuba, like Czechoslovakia, bordered on Russia instead of the United States, Soviet parachutists would have long ago eliminated Castro as they are now in the process of ending the power of Alevander Dubcek in Prague. But since Cuba is, in effect, shielded by the United States, Moscow must continue to spend $1 million dollars a day to bolster the Castro dictatorship. Perhaps, as Castro's dwindling intellectual supporters in the United States and elsewhere insist, the decade of his rule has not been without some positive results. But they, too, concede that Cuba is in a state of economic chaos. Can Castro survive another decade? History shows that dictators In control of armies and Instruments of repression can cling to power even when a majority of the people is against them. But there is no longer any doubt that in Cuba, as In Latin America. Castro's popularity and influence is on the decline. He is no longer the daring and romantic young rebel of a decade ago. Today, at. 41, his paunch expanding and his_ beard streaked with gray, he is not even a hero to the rioting students in the United States, France or Mexico. They still invoke the name of Che Guevara, Castro's former comrade-in-arms who died while fomenting a Communist insurrection in Bolivia. But Fidel, it seems, is fast becoming the forgotten man of the world revolu- The Trick Is to Slow Up Just the Front Half!" & English Breakfast Answer to Previous. Puzzle ACROSS 1 Yorkshire' 6 Strong, hot 9 Crumpets with 12 Habituate (var.) 13 Wholly 14 Lifetime 15 Rose distillate 16 Smoked — (Pi.) 18 Give back. 20 Luminous circles 21 Bullfight cry 22 Was seated 23 Wind instrument. 27 Existence (Latin) 31 Sacred 32 Epoch 33 Pale 34 Moslem commander 35 Humor 36 Island in East Indies 37 Gull-like bird 39 Quickened 41 Pointed instrument 43 Lubricant 44 Compact . . 47 Certain paints 51 Acetic acid • ester 53 Ambulance horn 54 Masculine name 55 Vigor (Scot.) 53 Affray 57 Eat evening Heal r„ Jnglish cathedral city 59 Mountain crest DOWX 1 Ursine animal 2 Poker stake 3 Incises 4 Eloquence 5 Oil from oranges 6 Seize 7 Jewish high priest (Bib.) 8 Greek letter 9 Killer of Sisera (Bib.) 10 Of soil Death Sentence Reduced Witherspoon Eligible For Parole In '71 22 Depot 40 Noxious 23 Gossip • effluvium 24 Opera bo*. 42 Make cloth 25 Winged 44 Platform 26 Ireland 45 Unbleached 28 Strike 46 Low tide 29 Bargain event 47 Weird (var.) (comb, form) 30 Arthurian 48 Mr. Gardner 11 Disorder lady 49 Manor court 17 Meat paste 36 More soothing (Eng.) 19 State of 38 American 50 Dirk renovation -cartoonist 52 Sesame 1 2 3 4 IT" 6 8 5" 10 It 12 13 • 14 15 16 17 18 19 • 20 P • mmmmmam wmm 31 34 37. 44 57 (Newspaper Enterprise Assn.) SPRINGFIELD, 111. (AP) The Illinois Supreme Court reduced the death sentence Friday of William C. Witherspoon, 43, to 50 to lOtf years in prison. He will be eligible for parole in 1971. The reduced sentence followed an order from the U.S. Supreme Court, which held last June that death sentences must be set aside if opponents of capital punishment were excluded from juries of the condemned. Witherspoon was convicted in I960 of killing a Chicago policeman in 1959. He testified the shooting was accidental and has fought the conviction ever since. His appeal to the Supreme Court questioned whether an Illinois law barring opponents of capital punishment from juries did not lead to juries partial to the prosecution. The Illinois Supreme Court made no comment Firday on the reduced sentence but pointed out the conviction still stands, despite the Washington ruling June 3. Witherspoon spoke with reporters in Cook County Jail as the ruling was announced and said he would appeal the reduced sentence. "I am —frustrated by their decision and I intend to appeal," Witherspoon said. "Many people think a long prison term is worse than the electric chair." Witherspoon will become eligible for parole in July 1971—11 years and three months from the day he was first confined to the | Cook County Jail. People In The News ADELAIDE, Australia (AP) — The widow of Prime Minister Harold Holt plans to marry a 62-year-old member of the House of Representatives. Dame Zara Holt said today that no date has been set for her marriage to Henry Jefferson Percival Bate. The wedding will be the third of both Dame Zara and Bate, who owns property south of Sydney. Dame Zara has three sons from her first marriage which ended in divorce. Bate has two children by his first wife. His second wife divorced him last year. Holt drowned off Portsea, Victoria, in December 1967. ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey will begin his new academic career by giving a speech on the urban crisis. The speech will be the keynote address for the annual political emphasis week beginning Feb. 23 at Macalester College where Humphrey will be a professor. He also will teach this year at the University of Minnesota. cus act, were doing the group's pyramid sequence when a supporting brace broke and the main wire shook. The group retreated to safety and stopped the act. The close call came Saturday night during a Shrine Circus performance. Two members of the company were killed and one paralyzed from the waist down in a fall seven years ago in Detroit. CAMBRIDGE, England (AP) — Threats to sabotage the investiture of Prince Charles as prince of Wales have caused the government to double the bodyguard for him. Officials have voiced fears for the prince's safety when he goes to Aberystwyth University College in Wales for the summer term. The threats come from Welsh homerule advocates. MADISON,' Wis. (AP) — All four active members of the Wal- lenda Family, a high wire cir- NEW YORK (AP) — Singer Pearl Bailey has been named woman of the year by the United Service Organization. Miss Bailey, currently the star of Broadway's "Hello, Dolly!" was presented with the award Sunday night by Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller. IS. THANKS A MILLION To Everyone Who Donated Time, Talent, Advertising and Publicity For Making THE RED STOCKING FOLLIES A SUCCESS You're The Greatest! Good Samaritan Hospital Auxiliary Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, Jan. 27, the 27th day of 1969. There are 338 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1880, a patent for an electric incadescent lamp was granted to Thomas A. Edison. On this date: In 1756 the Austrian composer, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born hi Salzburg. In 1832, the English author of "Alice in Wonderland"—Lewis Carroll — was born. In 1888, the National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, D.C. In 1901, Italian opera composer Giuseppi Verdi died. In 1943, U.S. bombers staged the first all-American air raid on Germany in World War II—a daylight attack on Wilhelmshaven. In 1944, the Russian city of Leningrad officially celebrated liberation from the Nazis. , Ten years ago — In a seven- hour speech before a Soviet Communist party congress in Moscow, Premier Nikita Krush chev said the USSR had begun mass production of intercontinental ballistic missiles. Five years ago — France recognized Communist China. One year ago — In South Vietnam, the United States rushed in 3,500 air cavalrymen to back up Marines against a North Vietnamese offensive threat around Khe Sanh. Today's birthdays: Vice Admiral Hyman G. Rickpver is 69. Band leader Skitch Henderson is 51. Thought for today: An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest — Benjamin Franklin, 1706-1790. Law For Today ... NO LAW REQUIRES PARENT TO INCLUDE CHILD IN WILL Q. I am engaged to marry a person of another race. My father says he will leave me out of his will if I go through with the marriage. Woudn't that be against the federal anti-discrimination laws? A. No. A parent has no legal obligation to include children in his or her will. However, any disinherited child is free to contest a will on the basis of certain defects which have been recognized by the courts as affecting the validity of a will as a whole. —Illinois State Bar Association © i?;5 i, ::EA, inc. Cfy^&Wty* ". . . And for income—'tourist trade' and 'sugar cane' are down, but 'hijacked airliners' is up!" Today In Washington WASHINGTON (AP) — A Rose garden honoring President Franklin Delano Roosevelt will be planted here thanks to th-"last official act of President Johnson before he retired from oUicc one week ago. A last-minute proclamation from Johnson designates 27 acres near the Jefferson Memorial as "Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park," after the president he most admired. Three old friends of Roosevelt urged Johnson to issue the proclamation so the National Park St-rvice could 1 proceed with planting a rose garden honoring Roosevelt. Plaques bearing Roosevelt phrases also will be installed in the park. Urging Johnson to takp the action were Cqnrad Wirth. former director of the National Park Service; C. P. Palmer, head of the Little White House in Warm Springs, Ga., where Roosevelt died, and Eric Gugler of New York, architect of the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial in Washington. WASHINGTON (AP) — A man long prominent in space research says new U.S. spacf' goals should includ.? exploration of Martian moons rather than extensive probing of the earth's moon. Dr. S. Fred Singer believes that within 10 to 15 years astronauts may be able to make 2- year voyages to Mars and they might possibly bring back one of the two moons which orbit the "red planet." Singor warns that exploration of the earth's moon could be expensive "and we could find that it may not be worth much." Samples from the moons around Mars could be more rewarding Singer suggests, because "they may provide an example of primeval stuff." Singer, now deputy assistant secretary of the interior in charge of programs to prevent water pollution and improve the environment, sees astronauts orbiting Mars, • tying up to one or both of the planet's moons and taking samples. Singer says the astronauts even could brings one of the moons—Deimos, with a diameter of about five miles—back to the earth where it could either be put in orbit or brought down to earth. WASHINGTON (AP — Billy Len Schales, a tattooed former mental patient charged with assault to murder a Houston, Tex., housewife, went on the FBI's list of "10 most wanted fugitives" today. Schales, 28, has been sought since May 1967 when he alleged- j ly stabbed the woman after lur ing her to an 'apartment he said he wanted to rent. The FBI said Schales, alias Bill Miller, has a long history of sex offenses and spent time in a Michigan mental institulion for molesting a young girl. A native of Detroit and a former air force enlisted man, he works as a mechanic and service station attendant, the FBI said. He has wings and "USAF" tattooed on his right upper arm. The FBI warned Schales should be considered armed and extremely dangerous. He is about 5-foot-7 inches, weighs 140 pounds, has brown hair, blue eyes arid a medium complexion. Capital Quote By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS "I think most experts in government who have concerned themselves in any way with OEO (Office of Economic Opportunity . . . believe that it is due for some kind of reorganization."—former secretary of health, education and welfare John W. Gardner on the CBS TV-radio program Face the Nation." He Used It First Franklin D. Roosevelt first used the expression "New Deal" on July 2, 1932, when he addressed the Chicago Democratic convention which had nominated him. When bbod •s needed. *»* AMERICAN RED CROSS ENDS TUESDAY t 'ilGrana ft 20TH CEMTURT-FOX pRESEtrts FRANK SINATRA 7:30 P.M, PLUS SECOND ACTION FEATURE 9:15 P.M. ZOtti Cenlury-Fox preterits ERIC POftTWAN NANETTE NEWHAN ¥ ^ D MWBUCK • CARLOS PORE • PAilf iJONASH -'itSSHrtm FORBES"''?.".'"-C0109 brfelu* ! BA Persons Under 16 Not Admitted Unless Accompanied By Parent or Adult Guardian. 5TADIU.M ENDS TUESDAY 'AN EMOTIONAL AND 5EXUALTUG OF WAR!" •"••^—cue Magazine, June 10 >NE INDER VILL BE IDMITTEO INLESS ACCOMPANIED »V PARENT. 7 :30 P.M. PI/US 2nd FEATURE " IRRESISTIBLE I - LIFE 9:15 P.M.
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