Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on December 20, 1911 · Page 4
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Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 4

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Iola, Kansas
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Wednesday, December 20, 1911
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i - i • THE lOLA DAILY REGISTER, WEDNESDAY EVEt^MG,- DECEMBER 20,1911. DUILI fiEiilSIEii THE BKfilSTEB PUBLISHIXG CO. Buttred at the lola Fostofflce u Second- OaM auttrr. Advertlaliw Kates Made Known on Application. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. By Carrier In lola. Cat City, Lanyon WIIM^ Cencrato. LaHarpe and Bauett: OatWeA :...>. .10 centa Ona aiocth 44 cents Ona Tear $6.00 BY MAIL: Ona Tear. Insldp coumy »2.00 Ona Tear, outside rminty tS.OC • • TEUEPHONES: Buttness orricp BoBlaty Rep<jrter •Job and Bindery IVpt 141 Offlrlal Paper of City of lola. Official Paper City of Bauett. Official Paper of Allen County. teClBl and the price of flnlabed product. To an outsider It would aeem ritt lota Dally RMord and *sa lola Dally as If the present margin—$2.50 for the 'sugar In the beet and $4.87 for lha sugar on the market—were not un reasonable. As a ntatter of fact the Beet Factory men who testifled before the Ways and Means Committee when the Payne law was being made, swore that the actual cost to them of making supir was $3.76 to $4.00 per hundred pounds. At that time they were selling It at $4.35.. So that the profit was 33 to 60 cents a hundred pounds, which would not seem to be e.xtortionate remembering that out of it allowance must be made for the de- rrcciatlon o! the plunt as well as for the intornst upon the investment The best evidence, perhaps that extravagant profits have not been real ized by the Deet Sugar I^^otories is the fact that for the past thrcu or four years few if any new ones hav been built. • • • Mr. Pickell sof^in.-s to ;i9 of the opinicn that the h-ct ': rir.i-r docs not get any of liif l-n<fi; <' th - tariff. Of course in >\v nbst'iifp cf tlic actun! trial of free tnnip ih:ii is largely a Kiat'cr of oiiinion. The IJeet Sugar Faciory mm (3cr!:.r< thiit if It were not for tlip t:irl!T ihey could not operate thrir furtorics ut all .\nd this statement spi-ms to bo borne out by the fact thai for the past 10 years the price of rvflnrd suft.ir iu Hamburg has avcraK<'d $2.39 » hun- Ired. That Is to say G'Tin.sny was ^ellinR the nnlshcd product for less than American factories were pnyln^ or the raw nialeriul. Obviously, hereforc without the protection of he iarllT, American factories could lot have operated at all except by aylng very much less for beets. If his view of the case Is- correct th» men who raise the beets have their "ull share of the benelit of tlie tariff. And what the Ueet Sugar men d--- lare to be true of their industry,— namely that it could not exv.r at all scept for the tariff,—the 'iOUisiana and Texas Cane Sugar mvn say also •f theirs. And they seem to be able o make so good a case that while al! he Senators and Representatives rom Louisiana are Democrats and herefore theoretically low tariff men. hey have always voted for the high- st duties obtainable on sugar. • • • Mr. Pjckell says that the American ?ugar Refining Company, the Trust, ;ontrols the beet sugar factories. We lo not know whether this is true or lot. Two years ago the Beet Sugar men declared under oath that it was lot so, and Insisted that tttere was ictlye competition between them and he Trust. • • • Speaking of the Sugar Trust, there Teems to be a very general opinicn hat it gets the entire benefit of the duty of $1.00 a hundred pounds on efined sugar. That of course is TAim 'G ABorr SHJAK TARIFF. Humboldt, Kas., Dec. S 1911. Mr. C. F. Scott loia, Kas., Dear Sir: I am looking for information Bbont the tarilf on sugar, and would appreciate very much any information you may send. As you probably know, retailers everywhere sell sugar at a loss. Recently, there was published a dispatch saying that the beet growers had received IS per ton for beets. At thr present price, sugar is selling at $140 per ton. The tariff is about HO, per cent or I believe $2.15 i)or hundred maklni; $43 per ton, or coating the sugar refiner $48 per ton If imported. But In the case of the beet sugar man- tifaeturer the cost Is $& per ton for b«els, the cost of manufacture, thi sbttnkage of the product in refining Th« manufacturers also furnish seed, hoe the beets and pay for all the hand ling, but still there is too great a discrepancy between the market price of.Bugar and the price of beets. At $S:per ton the beet sugar farmers are getting rich, is there any legitimate reason for the high tarllT on sugar' It iB not the farmers who are receiving the benefit of the tariff. The American Sugar Refining Co., (the so- called trust) practically controls thr beet sugar refineries and with normal jlrlces last year, at least one factory paid 100 per cent dividends on It? watered capitalization. Automobiles piy 45 per cent, furs 50 per, cent wheat 30 per cent, diamonds 10 per cent, champagne 70 per cent. 1 would like to see the duty entirely remdred on sugar and collect the reT«iue so it would not bear so heavily on the poorer classes. ' DSJeressing to politics, I believe Stubha and a great many like .-VT •wOl bo verj- much surprised at Taft'f atiWQSth next fall. The papers said thi|$ on his recent trip thru the West •tlife. President lost strength. It Ic not true, and the crowd In Humboldt which greeted him was impressec' wtth his mighty desire do right, aad his constructive statesmanship If beginning to come to the surface tc hia great credit. People are com-' mencing to tire of fireworks and wlsl to get down to a solid basis of progression. Thinking men are secinf that Tart's policies are most stabT?f Thanking you for many kindnesses. I am respectfully, A. B. PICKELL. > • • • The foregoing letter discusses : ai)bjeet of so much general inttrcs that the writer was requested, am kindly consented to its publication ^nd to accept'editorial comment upoi It'', in lieu of a more personal answer •;The figures which Mr. I'ickell givet l^ihe first few lines of his letter an not entirely accurate. The tariff oi r^ed augar under the Payne lav ii li'M loatead of $2.15 per hundred or $^,instead of $43 a ton. But of eourae the sugar refiner does not im tw'rt refined sugar. He imports thr ra^liroduct, upon which the duty it feese per hundred, or $33.70 per ton. • • • .' -'Mr PIckcll thinks there Is too great ia^" diflcr«pancy between the price of yjind the price of refined sugar bringing $3 a ton and sugai 11 ytlie way, you may be interested in knowing that the boy who lost his pocket book the other day with all the money h'.' had been saving uj) for Christmas shopping, got it back ag:iiu with all the money in it. As good luck would have it. the finder was perfect lady" and a friend of his, and she was as happy in handing him back the purse as he was to get it. listakc. The duty on raw sugar,— hich is the raw material of the Trust—Is $1,685 per hundred, and the Trust must pay that duty on all of Us mported raw material. So that the Trust is only benefitted by the tariff o the extent of the difference be- weeii the duty on the raw and the -efined product, to-wit: 21V4 centa : hundred pounds. But 100 pounds of aw sugar will make only 94V<! lounds -6f refined sugar, so that the irice of the pounds of sugar A-hich is lost In the process of reining must be deducted from tiie il'/a cents differential in order to find •.he actual amount of benefit the Trust ^ets from the tariff,—leaving about 7>^ cents a hundred pounds. So far IS the Trust is concerned therefore, :f ail of the tariff on sugar which it ^cls any advantage of were taken away and a corresiionding reduction Tiade in the price it would amount to inly 7% or 8 cents on the hundred pounds. "* • • • The real beneficiaries of the duty on sugar are the people in the United States engaged in the production of sugar, at the beet sugar farms and 'actorles and the cane sugar plantations and mills. These people argue with a great deal of plausibility that (he competition which results from their production has kept the price ot sugar down to a figure that has much more than made up to the consumers all they have paid in the way of a tariff. In proof of this they point to the fact that for many years past sugar at retail has been cheaper in the United States than in any other country in the world. They point also to the fact that the wholesale price of sugar in New York in 1907 was only 12 cents a hundred pounds higher than it was in 1896, notwithstanding the fact that the price of practically every other necessary of life had ad- Taaced during those ten years in far greater ratio; • • • Whether, all things considered, it would be better.to remove the duty on jH ^iimit. and niitcrally ^they rliwn at I gugar altogether and try to And acme «|piljp]dm«tely the same time, so that'other way to rai»e the $60,000,000 or |^0-°or;^nf months la the l-ingth of [ $70,000,000 of revenae which it annu- ttff^aeuoD." To nrm a year's In-, aiijr bringa into the treaaury, ia of liMlir oiB At ir>tlMan dollar iaveatment conrae a matter of ludgment AmarU ,Jp t]fli«e;|IBhpntha or leas of actual op- can aUtearaea, of both sraat parties, " ' muat be a fairly .vide for more than flftjr years hare been of ;w «eB the coat ct ;fw nuU the opinion tluit sofsr oosht to pay » lieeta »M0. . - 'T|l^e Register holds no brief for the b #et '-«ngar factories, and still it r;t4Uika they probably pay as much for the beeta as they can afford to pay. 14 the'first place It Is to be remembered that American baets average b«t little if any, better than 10 per cent of sugar content, so that a ton of beets which costs $5 will yield but aboat 200 pounds of sugar. It wIU b «..ieen therefore that the factory p^fn jthe farmer something like $2.5U S:^undred for the sugar that is in tiie feeta before the process of manu- flioUirje has begun at all. Then it is to Ve remembered that the Beet Sugai' Fiutory does not get $140 a ton for I& .suear. That is the retail price, aad the factory must sell at whol<s ;B^Ie. A week ago—the only figures iia have at band—the wholesale price , afiai ^|ar in New York was $4.87 a • huadfed. .A'ow on that margin of the factory must pass the beets Ihrottgh the entire process of manufacture and still have enough left to pay the dividends on its investmenL l^at might not be so difficult a task the factory could run the year '^ond.. .But It is to be remembered -:4^ beeta cannot be stored any length duty. The loweat duty levied during that penod waa under the JicKInley bill, when the rate'^waa half a cent a pound; but that waa aupplemented so xar aa the domeaUc producer waa concerned by a bounty of two. centa a pound. The higheat duty was live centa a pound, the rate (luring the war and for several years afterwards. The rate under the Wilson luemo- cratlc) bill was 40 per cent, which at that time was equivalent to about a cent a pound. But not only the statesmen of America but of every other country which produces sugar regard it us a proper subject ci ^^atl taxatluu, and in neary every other such country the duty Is much higher ihun it is iu the United States. In Austria, for example, the duty is $3.;>U a hundred, in France. $2.36. in Holland $4.82, while in Russia it is $8.56 and iu Iiuiy $!>.67 per hundri-d i.ouuds. • • • All of which facts would seem to show that thero arc two sides to the sugar question as there are to nearly every other, and that It !s not so simple a matter as might at Urat blush bo thought. A great many people who remember various quips and quirks at the xpense of the others along that line, irc watching the Second Thought col utnn of tile Topekn Capital for an ex Iiresslon of opinon u|)on thu quvH ion whether the prospect of goinjf to Jail looks more pleasant or less wo months after marriage than (lid two ihonthfl before. If Old Man louse passes this up he Hasn't Got Any Nerve. • AS OtOEBS SEE THIH6S. f Just because you happened to bi> born a girl needn't hinder you from being a "Big Brother" in the matter of playing Santa Claus to the youngsters whose names are on a^sllp of paper in the Register office. Also, if you would rather give money than time, there Is no objection to that. The main thing Is to see that those stockings have something in them Christmas morning. In order that everybody may have plenty of time to prepare for the shock announcement is hereby made that the Register will not be issued ori Christmas day. The reason is that everybody on the force, from Dick the Devil to The Old Man is firmly convinced that the man who works on Christmas doesn't deserve to have any Christmas. It would be Interesting to know just how much that slump of twenty- five cents a hundred In the price of beef cattle the other day was due to the announcement that England would not consider bids from American packet? In contracting for supplies for her army and navy during the coming year. "If ever mandeslred a penslpn etc,' we were made to say by a typographical error in closing the editorial com ment upon pension legislation for the relief of the 18th and 19th Kansas. What we wrote was "if ever men de.Kprred a pension" the men of those regiments do. And now comes Senator Bristow, backing up the Kansas City Star story that Champ Cark Is plotting to deliver the Kansas delegation in the National Democratic convention to Harmon. Query: Where did Mr. Bristow obtain the chips that gave him license to sit in the Democratic game? If you haven't been able to think of just the present you want to send to somebody who used to l(ve in lola hy not compromise on a year's subscription to the Dally Ucgister? It dollars to doughnuts you couldn't beat 'it. If by reason of death or any other circumstance Taft should not be a candidate before the Republican National conv3ntion next year LaFollette would not be nominated. So yoi) might as well quit worrying about THAT. "I have just found out what it was that defeated me," remarked the late Mr. Ouyer to a friend th« other day. It was the unpopularity of President Taft!" Bed Cross Seals will not carry any kind Oi'ftaaili but any kind oC mall Will c|iri7 ^tfcirBu 1 Turning the Gsns on Europe^ .[ Waablngton Post: Mr. Underwood^B objections to the modification and ln|- eidental extension of the maximusi clause, as urged by Secretary Knoi, call for elucidation. The Democrats surely.are not going to give aid and comfort to foreign nations that discriminate against..American products In the interest of monopoly. It seems Increidble that the ways and mea^s committed should take the position • that while a protective tariff against Europe is wrong, a prohibitive tariff against this country is a boon for tra. Open our ports but let foreign ports stay closed! We refuse to believe that scber second thought will fltjd the committee upholding wor^e things abroad than they allege oxlst at home, Again, the Democrats ar<3 commI]L- ted, if going on record means anything to the policy of retaliation iis enunciated in the maximum and minimum clause of the Payne-Aldrieh tariff. Senate Democrats voted to ratify the hundiod treaties negotiated under that clause, and the President was applauded on nil sides for the diplomatic skill displayed In smoothing out vexatious tangles. Much wiis gained, but for reasons satisfactorily set forth at the time the clause wss siiBDended with respect to varioiis .irticlea, which the Secretary enumej:- ntPs In his letter to the House coiii- mittee. The lime has now come. In the Sec retnry's n|iinlun, when diseriminntion ngainst American trade should cease, and si.'IiiR that, on the wliole. le^s rtniattc r.'.eiiKiires than are anthorlz^Vd hy the niiixirnum clause would accomplish the purpose, he urges ttte passage of un amendment that wotiid rejich the object sought williout Involving us in tariff wars. As It Js generally agreed that the President's course was wise and politic, it is difficult to understand on what ground he is opposed in his desire to secure the square deal all around. The maximum clause has been the one thing spared from attack during • hi) nres^nt agitation. What then, has happened that would justify Dcm oeratic opposition to the carrying-out of a policy 80 universally recognized as one purposed to enforce our rights and thereby promote the Roneral welfare? By all means let Congress authorize a mondern instance of the efficiency of our .traditional policy of "turning the guns on the enemy." TAKE TOO BIG rHA >TES. Why it is thAt men and women will never learn that overwork and nervous strain will certainly ruin health. Every day the papers tell of the dreadful results of overtaxing one's .strength, yet the others keep riglit on without profiting by the lesson: ' Henry Jacobs of Ninth avenue, N. Y., went through this experience and now writes iix a letter: "I was In-tjiid health for two years, very nervous and weak no appetite, could not sleep well and had no ambition or ener^. 1 was getting wor.se alj^he time. . "But since 1 began taking Vlnol Jiere is a wonderful difference. . I have gained 14 jMJunds in less than two months, have a splendid appetite and can enjoy my meals. My nerves are strong ami 1 sleep soundly. - I .simply feel fiop nnn; wliicb show.i what Vinol did for me." . . Our delicious cod liver and iron remedy, Vlnol, will do as much for all othe run-down worn-out people, if they will only give It a chance. There Is no risk for we give back the money if Vinol fails to satisfy yoh. S. R. IJurrell. DnisKist, lola, Kas^" Buy the things that give enduring satis- i faction.^ Make selections from the stock where quahty is the chief factor. We can give you prime values :1N: GUNS AIR RIFLES BICYCLES TRICYCLES DOLL GO-CARTS BOYS' WAGONS SLEDS SKATES TOOL CABINETS FOOT BALLS BASKETBALLS BOXING GLOVES CHILD'S KNIFE AND FORK SETS . POCKET KNIVES SAFETY RAZORS ALARM CLOCKS CARVERS RAZOR STROPS AUTOMOBILES BUGGIES AUTO SHAWLS BUGGY ROBES GARLAND COOK STOVES CALORIC FIRELESS COOKSTOVES Buy wiiile our stocks are eomplefe OJtNGERiNDIIIEGTDEMOGRItGY DE-MOCRATIC LEADER SPEAKS AUAiXNT BOGl'.S UEFOR.V. Direct Democracies, He Declared, Have Fulled While Representative Government llus iSucceeded. CHEKKY GROVE. December I'J —Louis .McFarland .-{laj moved on the place vacated by J«rry Jones. Mr. and .Mr.«;. Charley Wilson 'are the proud parents of a boy. Mrs. Knox is improving her farm by having a new corn crib built and Minting the houKe. Mr. and Mrs. A, T. Simmons' Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Adams, I..ewle, Archie, Stella ami Harry Simmons, Harold Butts and Glenn Adams and Bertha Montgomery visited al J. J .Town- Ecnd's. ' , Mrs. Delia Adams called on Mrs. -McFarland Monday. Mr. and Mrs. Oran Adams spent Sunday at C. C. Peake's. Charley Elliott was up from Thayer on a busineFs visit last week. .Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Townsend spent Sunday evening at Charley Peat's. .Mr. and Mr.s. J. H. I.ash and djiugh ter, Edna and Mr. and Mrs. D .L. Baker and family, spent Sundaey at .1. N. Joy.s. Mr. Bill Daniels and family have moved to Humboldt. Miss Wllma StuteviUe spent Saturday night and Sunilay with Ida Townsend. —Place yonr order for ^Ulljnery and you can Ket your Hat quickly at Richardson's. .Spendfi Inherltisnce on Red Cross SenlN A man In a Southern city received -a legacy of fiC:, during the Red Cross Seal campaign. The following letter shows how he spent his money.- Dear Sir—1 am enclosing a theck for |3.6.'.. ThLs check came to me as an inheritance and I want to ap^nd it where I tblak it could do KOM, as the donor would have wished. I am therefore writing to ask you to lave<it in Red Cirdsk' Christmas atampS; and lend to me, aa I think this a ««irtby causa.*^ ,New Yoik, Dec. 19.—Representative Oscar W. Underwood, ot Alabama, chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means was gueist ut honor at a dinner of members of tne Catholic club here tonigiit and as iirincipal speaker he delivered an address .dt- ciaring his uppusition to movements towara a more direct form of eovern- meut . , He pointed to the failures of direct deiuoL-raciL-a and urew the coutrabt between Uiem and the successes u( u representative democracy responsive to the will of a majority, but ciieclcea by the Constitution from exercising a ui-Utai loice wmsn migiic ilchiioy me liberty and prapeuy rigitt:> ut inu In- dn 'idual. The proposal to abandon in part this scheme ut thti revoiuiiunary latn- ers, wtiu a tendency lu place lue i)ow- er oi law-maKiug in the hands o( ail me people woulu place Constitutional guaranices of individual llbeity sub-> Kcrvleni to lue will ut the majoruy] through iKilltical compulsion, he sala. 'luose who urge a cnangc. he argued, do not reflect tliai. at times they may misjudge real public senlimeni,' that the representative who acts as : the instrument, of the government is | ai fault and not tne basic principle of' iiie goveinment itseli. j "My experience as a legislator," he! contmueu, "leads me to oelleve thai tue Congress of the United States will ultimately respond to the enlightened and naiured sentiment ui' the people." He. pointed to instances wherein it bad done so —in railroad rate legislation, pure-food laws, campaign fuud publicity, national quarantine. Irrigation of the arid Wesi and the bund­ ing, of the Isthmian canal. "'1 lie response may not be rapid," he said, "but it is prouabiy more xieim aneni and there is certainiy not as ! much danger of enacting hasty, ill- , [yConsKlerea or bad legislation. "Cannot a committee of the Congress, composed of representative laen, initiate legislation, wilbin toe .Iiiuiiatiohs of tue consiuutiou, guard against excesses and abuses protect tue rights of tbe minority, voice the wishes of the majority, as well or better than tbe partisan fi lends of a measure who in order that they may accomplish one result are tempted^o reach so far that they leave a wake or destmctloa as to collateral mat-^ ters tbe measure touches? "If there are evils iu our government as it exists today ,it Is not in its organic foim. It is due to the failure o ithose in office to honehtly fairly and :lustly perform the duties imposed ui>on them. The remedy is plain and tne way is clear. The people should drive from the places of power and reai.onaibllty the unfaithful servant and elect those who will IKS faithful and true to the trust imposed upon them. "You tell me the people cannot elect honest and faithful Kcrvants. I tell i you that the masses of tbe people are far better judges of men than they are at measuieg. and are far more like ly to select an honest man than an honest measure. "Whea you say that the voter cannot teleet a public otficiai who will reflect the will of the jpeople in hIa office, and be faithful ^o the Cbnatl- I tatloB at bit cmmbnf, I say yog ra* Best Lump Coal delivered anywhere in the city. Brati Sho.'K Oil Meal and Alfalfa Feeds — lOO :bp<^rsack—^guaranteed weights. U. S. Patent and Fidvlity Flour -To Dealers ONLY Newton fVi liis:!:^;, &Ei&vator Co. Phon d 2 57 Vk lllis Pereau, Asant I! Watch Your CcaJ Bill ir For Kansas Lump and Anthracite Ai'kal^sas PHOJ^E] 116 lola Ice, Cold Stovage and JFuel .^p"^' Game and PdQItvy / For Christmas J you wll' And here In ereat pMty. 3,. —if you come early eoflogii: ' "Open" weather has made ' turkeys scarce; but earljr ers ylll Snd their needs' plied—tuvkcy8, chickens, du,,-^.,^. ceese", etc. Meats of ertiir'Hiiii'^r- iltnlila *i»ud-beef. muttony jofltI" and veaL We are pcapared ^tDrri^ mirlBtmas caterings in tba |nMit^^ line. , '• . - ^-j^iJ- • OTTO HIN«|«-^# fleet on the very first principle of f-»« rovernment • and misjudjie the boaesty and the iDtelllgence of the American people. "Let us elect ^ne£t men to publfo office, men wholiave the courage to ataad for tbe true Interest of the Coor stltiittoKuey reprf ssnt'..: aomY r (irttueK<(>T no-Remand fOr^p _

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