Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 24, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, May 24, 1943
Page 1
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Hope VOLUME. 44—NUMBER 188 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Occasional showers and scattered thunderstorms today and in extreme east portion tonight; cooler tongiht. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 24, 1943 (API—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise As: is'n PRICE 5c COPY Strikers Return to Work II r> 1 v w Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN An Editor's Mail-Bag From U.S.A. to the Gulf of Aden From the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, 297 Fourth avenue, New York City, comes a mailing entitled "Six Pillars of Peace." "Unless we organize for peace," . . ©this pamphlet declares to the newspapers, "we shall not have peace." The "six pillars of peace are then defined: "1. Political collaboration between the United Stales and ultimately all tuitions. "2. Collaboration on economic and financial mailers of worldwide import "3. Adaplalion of Ihe world's treaty structure to changing conditions. "4. Assurance, through inlor- nalional organizalion, of ulli- male autonomy for subjccl peoples. "5. Control of armaments. Teacher Salary Aid Law Upheld by High Court Little Hock, May 24 —(/I 1 )— Constitutionality of (he 1941 Ro/./.cll teacher salary aid law was upheld by the Supreme Court today in 0-1 decision. Directors of School District 50 of Soviet 1 county, had challenged the act's principal feature requiring school districts \o earmark a certain percentage o their revenues for teachers' salaries. The Supremo Court said the directors apparently had based their contention on grounds thai Ihc section was too vague and uncertain bill that it could not agree wilh Ibis allegation. "It appear.: to us to be finite definite and certain that the legislature meant to require school districts to spend more of tbcir rcv- cnuo on teachers salaries," the Tribunal said. The decision, which affirmed Soviet' Circuit court, held that the district must pay Mrs. Matlie Wilson an $82 bonus in addilion lo the $01)0 salary she received for the 1!)41 - 42 school year. Associated Justice Ed F. McFaddin dissented. .3.'he. 1941 law • requires* school districts to dedicate at least 75 per cent of all school monies in excess ot 1939 - 40 base revenues lo teachers salaries. Holding thai a $20,000 persona injury damage judgment awarded Change Regulations on Overseas Mail Hcstrictions on the mailing of arcels lo overseas soldiers have ecu changed by the War Depart- ion), Postmaster Robert M. Wilson aid today. Approval of the commanding of- ccr is no longer required on a olclicr's requcsl for packages lo c mailcd'liim. Bui it is still ncccs- ary that Ihc soldier put his requcsl i writing, and this lellcr must be presented at the posloffice at the ime the package is mailed to him. The weighl and size limits of nirccls sent overseas remain unchanged: Five pounds in weighl, 15 nchcs in length, and a combined englh and girth of 3G inches (length f the package, plus Ihc distance iround il Ihc short way). 'Quart 7 Leads to Capture of War Prisoner A. M. McKamoy, year - old Gurdon railway worker, against tho Missouri Pacific railway was excessive, the High Tribunal directed Clark Circuit court lo halve Iho award. McKamoy alleged his cycsighl was impaired when creosote from a piece of limber splashed inlo his face and eyes while he was helping a railway crow rebuild a bridge near Reader. He charged thc Missouri - Pacific was negligent in lolling the timbers become loo heavily saturated with thc chemical. A divorce awarded Stuarl Buck, Fort Sniilh, former modern language instructor at Portland (Mo. i junior college, from his wfic Alfrocla M. Buck was sol aside with tho holding thai the couple had voluntarily resumed marilal relations after thc divorce .action was filed. Buck obtained tho divorso in Sc- basliiin chancery last November 2 on grounds of cruelly and general indignities. The Bucks wore married in West Palm Beach, Fla., in April, 1038, and both now live in Fort Smith. I folding that jurisdiction was in Tennessoc rather thaln Arkansas courts, the High Tribunal dismissed a boundary - dispute suit appealed from Mississippi chancery. Parlies to tho litigation — Ora F. Casl and Willima O'Connor — own sop aralo islands on the Tennessee side of the Mississippi which now have boon joined by accretions. Differs on Ways to Instal Food Plan ' "(i. Kslablishmonl of the principle of thc right of peoples everywhere to intellectual and religious liberty." Wilh all duo reverence lo the Foci oral Council of Churches, I thiiv ho subject was covered wit jroaler brcvily and olarily by Mi iioosevcll in his slalomcnl of th four Froodoms: 1. Freedom of Speech. 2. Freedom of Worship. 3. Freedom from Fear. 4. Freedom from Want. But neither the Six Pillars no thc Four Freedoms can of then selves guaranlcc lasling peace aflt Ihis war. All that they c'an do is t give direction to our people an other peoples throughout thc world toward a common goal. Whether we attain that goal depends on our resolution and courage—and, what is far more difficult than cilhcr of Ihcse, our conlinucd alertness during peace-lime for lhc signals Ihul lead lo unolher war unless choked off vigorously and promptly. • &' ft" e • ' Lasl lime I .saw Scotty. Graham; salesman and installation expert for the Ludlow company, Chicago, he was pulling in an Elrod ma- lorial-making machine in our shop •'-Ihc summer of. 1942—and worrying aboul Iho Navy calling him up as a technical reservist. A postcard lolls me lhc Navy gol him . . .and how! This card, wilh an undecipherable postmark, was sent from Aden, Arabia (so Scolly's handwriting Little Rock, May 24 (/!'). — A Gorman war prisoner's unfamiliarity with such common English terms as quarts and pints landed him back in the prison c a in p from which ho escaped wilh lhc aid of a disastrous flood last week. The prisoner, Schwingcnhcucr, K a r 1 Anton was captured last night by Deputy Sheriff Jack Bishop near Talihina, Okla., and cturned to thc prison stockade at i By OVID A. MARTIN Hot Springs. Va., May 24 —Wi— Tho United Nations food conference moved into its second week today with delegates in general agreement a.s to Iho need for an expanding economy in Ihe posl- war period but in sharp disagreement as lo ways of accomplishing it. Delegates talk freely of subsli- tuting what, some fall thc "scarcity" or "roslriclive" economy of lhc pro-war period wilh a fulure system providing an "abundance" of agricultural as well us industrial producls. But when they got down to discussing moans of achieving some dance and stability, deep and fundamental differences arise. There is, for example, the (jucstion of whether the political stale or private enterprise is to as sumo the leadership in a drive for what Conference Chairman Mar- says)—bul ho apparently came by Africa on tho way lo Arabia for Ihc. ;ird has lhc piclures of a' couple 'f Zulu bcaulics ('!>. Skipping Ihe Zulus Scolty goes jn to suy: "Imagine my surprise when I read a slory in Capo Town (Soulh Africa) Times uboul you. I'm sending it to you." Boy, whore's our Soulh African nail'.' Nope, Iho second-class mail's lol here yol . . . Will lei you know alcr what il was Scolly road about lope in Cape Town, Soulh Africa. * * * And one of our own Hope boys writes mo thai he's looking forward to thc day when the war is over and all thc old gang arc gathered around once more swapping strange talcs from the far places of Iho earth. Yes, and out ot those strange tales from lhc far places of the earth will rise lhc Now Am?ricn, wilh a real knowledge of foreign nations and with a realistic fo«;i;.;n policy to moot world problems. For oul of lhc memory of men who can say, 'I was there and i saw it," is born understanding anr. intelligence. And Iheir contribution lo our national life will bo ill im- porlanl in Ihe perilous clays after thc war when we sel up peace and attempt to hold it. Mrs. Col7n~Kelley Gets Place to Live I,os Anglos. May 24 —tA'i— Mrs. Colin Kelly, Jr., widow of America's famous war hero who was unable to find living quarters Because landlords refused to accept her three-year-old son Corky, Camp Chaffce, Ark. FBI Agent Fred Hallford, who directed the search, said: "A man, speaking wilh an accent, appeared al a dairy farrr near Hoavencr, Okla., and askcc lo purchase some mil. When thc operators asked him how much he wanted, he was unable lo loll then in pints or quarts and had to measure wilh his hands. A soon as they road in lh c news papers lhat a German prisone had escaped, they notified thi office. We concentrale'd lh c search (n Oklahoma and Uie capture followed." Thc FBI agent said lhc German .lold officers he escaped from Camp Chaffce "four or five days ago," scuttling through a hole washed under th c fence by lhc flooding Arkansas river. It was five days ago, thc night of May 19, thai another prisoner, Alfred Krumlauf, escaped from the same camp. Hallford said Schwingcnhcucr's get - away was nol discovered until Krumlauf was returned to the camp May 21. A traveling salesman, with whom Krumlauf hitch - hiked a ride was credited by Iho FBI with effecting that prisoner's cap- lure. Tho salesman's suspicions wore aroused by Ihe man's speech and aclions. He nolificd Sheriff Polo Carter at Paris, Ark., who communicated with military authorities and then arrested the Gorman. Jap Attack to Aid Defenders of Atfu Costly —Washington Washington, May 24 —(/)')— Five of 10 Japanese twin engine bombers raiding American forces on Allu in tho Aleutians were shot down by United States fighter pianos Sunday, thc Navy reported today. One United Stales fighter plan is missnig and another was shot down in boating off lhc bomber al- lack, the second raid in as many ays. On Saturday, 15 twin-cngincc jombcrs made an unsuccessfu aid on two naval vessels. Thc Sunday raid was reported, in tfavy communique number 388: "North Pacific: "1. On May 23rd: "(A) The pressure of the United Stales Army Forces against pock- Is of Japanese resistance on Allu sland conlinuos. A number of enemy points of 1 resistance, have jocn liquidated. "(B) During the afternoon, l(i Japanese twin - engine bombers ver t . attacked by six army Lifting fighters over lhc eastern part of Allu. Five of Ihe enemy bombers were shot, clown. One Unilcd Slales fighter is missing. Another fighter was shot down, bul Ihe pilot was rescued." Thc Navy gave no indication succeeded iin Victory Smile 2000 Tons of Bombs Dropped on Rhur Valley —Europe By EDWARD D. BALL London, May 24 —(/P)— In thc greatest air attack in history, the RAF dropped more than 2,000 tons of bombs last night, on industrial Dortmund and raided other tar- Germany Facing Shortage of Meat Stockholm, May 23 — (/P) —The official Nazi newspaper., Voelkisch- er Beobachter, admitted today thai the slaughter of cattle in G e r- many had reduced the size of herds to the danger point and threated the cuntry's food position. The article defended the farmers, obviously in answer to general criticism as the result of the latesl radical cut in meat rations. After all, the German farmer not a magician," the newspaper said, "and cannot raise cattle without feed." Agreeing that this was little suffering under skimpy rations, the news paper asserted that the meat sup could be held at previous standards only be cause of sys tematic slaughter in relation to th fodder available. The newspaper disclosed tha „. • , , , , • i j i the Nazis heretofore did not re The weight of explosives loosed | ceiye th(J food supplies out of th gels up and down lhc water-logged | comfort -to consumers Ruhr valley of Germany. Scores of four and two - ton I bombs and lens of Ihousands of in- I ccndiaries kindled vasl blazes in I Dortmund, thc smoke of which I licked angrily into Ihe sky three I miles above the city of 500,000. last night topped the previous rc- | cord of more lhan 1,500 tons dumped May 12 on Duisburg, British Eighth Army's beret- topped Gen. B. L. Montgomery flashed It after beating the Germans in North Africa. Says Laughter Is Weapon Against Axis Balkans which they had expected | and blamed floods and bad weath Dortmund had increased greatly Arkadelphia, May 24 — (/P)—Fear battering of Essen had caused the ] shiftinc to Dortmund of m.any war industries. The British lost 38 bombers. HKE j turning pilots described the hammer blow as highly successful, al- I though accurate observation was I obscured by clouds of smoke and 1 flame. The raid was carried out in ex- I cellent weather. The magnitude of last night's I operations becam apparently thc Nazis placed great store | "won't be smaller this year than last. Rationing of Water Starts at Fort Smith their mission, presumed to have I cst been bombing and strafing 'of American troops batlling Japanese ground forces on Atlu. It was assumed by some officials, however that, the bombing flighl was inlcrccptcd before il had op- porlunily to attack the ground forces. As in the first bombing raid, there wns,.no'official word on tic". base from which the enemy bombers were operating. However, it was assumed that they came either from Paramushiro or from a carrier. loss laughter is free man's great- early in the evening when watch- "secrel weapon" in Ihe post crs on the channel co'ast saw the fight against Nazi and Jap procession of bombers pass noiy doctrines, Col. T. H. Barton, El stop for two hours toward their Dorado oil executive, said here to- | targets. day. Il pave life to thc words of Win Fort Smith, May 24 — (/P)— Civi I lian defense workers, confront] ed with their first real emergency, took over today the task o doling out to this city of 40,000 a limited supply of water that must last until thc swirling Arkan Most of Rubber, Chrysler Group Agree to Return By The Associated Press / Back-to-work movements restored war production today to all , of a half-dozen struck plants of , ,he Chrylser corporation and to .wo of four major rubber companies as the War Labor .. Board pressed toward a final decision in the soft coal dispute. Some 30,000 CIO unionists remained idle at the Firestone Tire i — Rubber Co., and the B. F. Goodrich Rubber Co., at Akron, but workrs at the Goodyear Tire and i Rubber Co. and the General Tire and Rubber Co. were returning to • their, jobs after a week end work stoppage precipitated by a WLB wage decision. The Chrylser walkout, which began last Thursday and ultimate- y left 24,000 workers idle, was ndcd formally yesterday by a jack-lo-work vole of two CIO- \ ! United Automobile Workers locals at Detroit. Most of the strikers lad ignored a regional WLB order to return to work Saturday. A company spokesman said the day shifts reported for work at about full strength although absenteeism was "a litlle over normal." In Washington the WLB, despite a special Sunday session, ruled out any possibility of deciding the coal case before tomorrow night at the earliest. A detailed report from a three-mar, fact - finding panel; 141 V*"B 4 Barton, president ot the Lion Oil ston Churchill before the American sas river permits engineers to re Refining Company, in an address congress last week suggesting Ger- establish flood - broken connection prepared for delivery to the Oua- many and Italy might be bombed with the municipal supply source chita college graduating class, ou^ of the war. told the students that is the srca'jCjtwveapo mans and the Japs." It is the backbone 'fanaticism of the Ger- of their Gov. Homer M. Adkins, after an Negro Soldiers Held for Fight With Officer Camp Robinson, May 24 (/I 1 ). — Six Negro soldiers wore in lhc guardhouse here today and two irinrc on route hero from Camp Cluiborno, La., in connection with thc shooting and stabbing of City Marshal James E. Jordan at Cot- Ion Plant about Thursday night. Jordan was reported in a serious condition at a Memphis hospital. Physicians gave him slight chance for rceoyery. The Negroes were arrested by military police under thc Ofilh article of war which, a military spokesman said, compared to civil arrest for inves'tigalion. Authorities said Sheriff Carl Taylor of Woodruff county had asked custody of the Negroes but decision whether they should be released Southerners Hope to Block Poll Tax Bill Washington, May 24 —(/I 1 !— Tho House opened the way today for a vote tomorrow on anti-poll tax legislation by discharging its rules commillcc from further consideration of thc measure. The House action came dcspilc a declaration by Rep. Cox (D-Gaj that the legislation is "a bid for negro support" and Iho assertion thai "if the now deal persists in heaping indignities on the stales lhat have kepi il alive, Ihcrc's no lolling what mighl happen." Washington, May 24 —(/!'»— Rop. Manasco CD-Ala.) lold lhc House today "Iho Communists who arc so active in behalf of thc anli - poll lax bill. . . arc not nearly so anxious to extend voting privileges as they are to replace Southern members (of Congress i with members ot their own ILK." Manasco's comment., ooinbodicd in a speech prepared for the Congressional Record, came as Iho House prepared to vole on whether the Rules committee shall bo discharged from consideration of thc anti-poll tax bill and thc measure brought to the floor for a vote. The legislation would outlaw pavnienl. of a poll tux as a voting prerequisite. Without, mentioning any sponsors of the bill by name, Manaso labeled Iho American communist party — "Iho party that hates everything American and is too rod for Stalin, who has just dissolved tho communist intcrnation- as tho source of dissension stolid, unthinking resistance," he said. "How arc we to combat such formidable opposition? The answer is wilh Ihe grealcsl secrel weapon in Ihe world, a weapon which is the copyright property of the world's free peoples. . . "It is laughter. We laugh because we have never been afraid. That is why our aviators, our soldiers and sailors arc forever accomplishing lhc impossible. Laughter springs from our inborn confidence, from our belief in ourselves, in our in- slilulons, and in our government." Barton told the graduates thai "in your zeal lo help win the war, you must not overlook your everyday responsibilities as Americans." "Take an active interest in all of your community, state and national affairs," ho counseled. "Know your representatives, both slate and national; exercise your full rights and acccpl gladly your full responsibilities as citizens of a free counrty and guardians of a groat heritage." Neatly cordinalod with thc de- j inspection of the. city yester- " ' day, told cilizens'"in a radio pep lalk that "the emergency could hardly be more acute had the city been bombed by an enemy." "But there is no cause for alarm," he added, "Your leaders have correctly foreseen Ihe necessary things to do." That included restriction of consumption lo five gallons per person a day, doled oul by civilian defense block leaders. In each residential block all,except on connection was cut off and neighbors hocked to that house or store to get their daily supply. Authorities ordered the people not to bathe, shave.'wash clothes or otherwise waste the water. Barbershops were limited to hair cut- ing. Laundries closed. Filling sta- ions slopped filling radiators, the city had 6,500,000 gallons in its reservoir .when the last temporary conduits broke Saturday and officials said under the rationing sys- lem Ihis could be made lo last 10 in the Ruhr werc-power ful new blows against Italy by Al lied planes bas«d in North AfHea and the Middle East. The main targets were the Rocky Island outpost of Pantelleria and Iho San Giovanni ferry terminal in Italy, leading to besieged Sicily. The 41st assault on Dortmund last night was the first concentrated bombing since Mr. Churchill's address. The Ruhr valley which cradles a great percentage of Germany's coal, coke ar.d steel industries already was pock marked from one end to the other by previous British raids which has cut sharply into war production. A week ago, mine tossing Lancaster bombers, reached the great Eder and Meohnc dams which supplied power and water to the Ruhr and Weser valleys. The dam break loosed vast destructive floods. laying stress on the miners' demand for portal - to -portal pay,' will provide the basis for the board's verdict. The rubber strike stemmed from, a WLB decision granting Goodyear, Goodrich and Firestone > .| workers a three-cent-an-hour wage . ' increase instead of the eight cents- recommended by a special ru ber " panel. Members of "*the ge eral tire local first joined the walkout but then voted to return to work because they were not af- fected'by the devision. Their own • wage case still is pending before the -board. The WLB said an eight - cent increase would uYistabilize pay levels throughout the rubber industry, but officials of the CIO ffl United Rubber Workers contended - H they had shown that living costs had increased 23 per cent since January, 1941. Firsl denial college in the United States was organized al Ballimore, Md., in 1839. Freezing causes water pipes to burst duo to the expansion of the water as il changes lo ice. Fresh Levee Breaks Leave Thousands More Homeless in Flood-Ridden Middle West lias a home lory garden. complele with a vic- A defense workers. L. K. Winn. who a year ago was victim of thc same no children rule, telephoned Mrs. Kelly after reading a newspaper account fo her plight that he was moving to San Diego and the two - bedroom house would be at her disposal if she wanted it. It has a fine yard for Corky to play in. ARKANSAS PILOT KILLED Jacksonville, Fla., May 24 —i/Pi— A Marine officer and a Navy flier were killed when their plane crashed near here last Friday, the Jacksonville Naval Air Station announced today. The victims were Second Lt. Benjamin Continued pu Page Four) R. C:ipton. 21 of USMCR. McGhc'oe. Ark., and Kn.sign Frank S. Whillington, 2.1, of Summit, Mais. or handled by a military court rcsled with the eighth service command at Dallas. "I told the army officers I though we could handle the case boiler here lhan the Army could," Sheriff Taylor said. Jordan was attacked by five Negroes as he walked through u Negro section of Cotlon Plant Mayor Roy Parnell, Jr., saia another officer had had an altercation with some Negro soldiers lhc preceding night and he thought the Negroes had lurked in wait for Jordan. The Negroes were in the town on pusses, military authorities suid. They were part of the 3.000 troops fighting floods in eastern Arkansas. Camp Robinson authorities said the six held here were Pfc. Odcll Thompson and Privates Willie S. Dcvaunt, Jessie J. Douglas, J. A. Foreman. R. R. Chaney and Curtiss Goodman. Names of the two arrosod at Camp Claiborno wore nol available here. in Ihis country. The sponsors, Manasco added, "make the appeal lhal we musl puss it now to show that wo arc for tho Atlantic Charter and to prevent some of our Allies from withdrawing from the war. "Could any intelligent American fall for this tripe?" he asked. DeGuolle, Giraud Expected to Meet Algiers, May 24 — (if) — Gen. Charles De Gaulle is expected her shortly, possibly next week as with Gen. Henri Giraud a conferences which may unite all Frechmcn outside of meropoli- MII Franco in tho war against thc Axis. Gon. Do Gaulle's acceptance of Gen. Giraud's inviaion lo come here for the conferences was made public yesterday, and policial public yeserday, and poliical circles expect tho loader of Ihe Fightint; French to leav y London immediaely. By the Associated Press Levee breaks along an extensive part of thc swollen Mississippi river today forced evacuation of hundreds more families and inundated thousands more acres in the flood - ridden Middle West. Complete collapse of tho Wolf Lake levee extending five miles along thc Illinois sido of thc muddy river soulh of tho town of Wolf Lake let loose a flood of water that early today covered most, of tho western quarter of Union county, and, officials of lhc Office of Civilian Defense said, threatened to sweep down across Alcexandcr county to lhc Ohio river, partially isolating the city of Cairo, 111. Approximately .50,000 acres are in thc path of the waters released by thc Wolf Lake levco break and mosl of the 4.500 residents of that area were evacuated. The concrete seawall uave out yesterday at Claryvillc, Mo., and flood wa'tcrs engulfed 23.000 acres of Perry county, isolating 900 in habitants of Claryville, Belgique, McBride and Menfro villages. A second break occurred later be tween St. Genevievc and St. Marys, adding 1,000 additional acres to the flooded land in that area. The slow but steady rise of thc Mississippi waters continued, the stage reaching between 38.88 and 38.9 feet at St. Louis last night the highest since 1844 when i reached 41.39 feet. Already more than 100,000 poisons are homeless and more thai a million and a third acres flood ed in the affected six - stale rca where thc Coast rmy, state militia, Red days or so. Pine Bluff Listed as 'Acute Labor' Area Washington, May 24 (ff)- The Guard Cross nd representatives of other re- icf and health agencies were on 4 - hour duty. Thc Illinois river starled rising igain ul Beardslown yesterday, •caching 28.8 feet at 3 p. m., vhere it stood for several hours Saturday night before dropping ractionally when a series of evcos in Cass county broke. Red Cross officials estimated 3,700 Scardslown citizens had been noved, most of them to Jacksonville, Virginia, and Springfield. Officials believed thc danger apparently was past at Vincennes, nd.. which was in the path of backwaters which seeped through a broken levee on lhc Wabasli river 12 miles soulh of Ihe city. The backwaters had covered 55 acres of rich Knox county farm lands, many of them already planted with corn. The lower Wabash began receding last night. Rivers in Oklahoma generally were slowly falling. The Arkansas river at Muskogee was receding at the rate of one fifth inch an hour. Fed and housed at Camp Qruber since tho water drove them oul, 1,000 residents of Fort Gibson returned to their homos late yesterday. City Manager Tucker at Muskogee said the city, without water service since Friday, would be permitted lo draw from its system during a two - hour experimental period today, the results determining when normal service would be resumed. War Manpower Commission today added nine cities to its "group one" list — areas of acute labor shortage — virtually shutting them off from further war contracts and raising the strong probability they will be put on the 48 - hour week by WMC regional directors. The cities are San Fracisco, Salt Lake City, Akron, O.. Trenton, N. J., Wilmington, De., Jacksonville, Fla., Chambersburg, Pa.; Pine Bluff, Ark., and Sturgeon Bay, Wis. The changes were part of Ihe monthly revision of the WMC's classification of communities according to the condition of their labor markets. They lifted to 42 thc number of "group one" areas, which can get neither now war contracts or renewals of current ones if alternative production facililies can be oh- laincd elsewhere. Harrison Woman to DirectB&P.W. Hot Springs, May 24 W'l Miss Marie Grether, Harrison, will direct activilics of the Arkansas Fedcratin of Business and Professional Women's clubs as president during the ensuing year. She was'elected to succeed Mrs. Essie Sims Porter, Paragould, at the annual convention here this week-end. Yanks Control Sea, Air Off Attu Island Washington, May 24 (/P)— Dis- : ruption of any attempt by Japanese bombers to delay Ihe final wiping oul of their ground forces on Attu indicated today Ihe United States ' had won control of the sea and air off that Aleutians outpost. It forecast, too, the possibility that American bombers soon may be roaring over Ihe Northern Pacific to slam bombs into the big Japanese sea and air base at Par- amushiro, whence the raiders presumably came. But where the 15 twin - engined Japanese bombers went was in doubt. They could have returned to their base, flown on to strengthen the enemy position at Kiska, or some could have been shot down. Naval spokesmen were noncommittal, merely saying yesterday the bombers were "unsuccessful in their missoin." Two U. S. Naval vessels bore tobrunl of the enemy's aerial assault and may have forced them to withdraw, for the Navy said of the raid only this: "Aboul 15 twin - engine Japanese bombers unsuccessfully atlacked Iwo Unilod Slales surface vmils op- eraling in tho Allu area." Use of tho word "unsuccessfully" indicated the vessels were not damaged. U was assmued they replied to the raiders with antiaircraft fire but no hint was given of whether they shot down or damaged any enemy planes. In event the raiders relumed to Paramushiro — 630 miles to the west in the Kurile island chain— Second Exchange of Prisoners With Japs New York, Day 24 — (/P) — The Tokyo radio quoed Tomoka- Hori, foreign office spokesman as saying today that negoiaions with the United States and Brit- 3 in for a second exchange of in- erned naionals were "going on ratiier smoothly." they demonstrated in reverse that such bombing raids can be accomplished, once American forces complete the Japanese - started airfield on Attu. Meantime in the ground battling on the rocky island the enemy has been forced back into the hills, where some small units have dug in for a finish fight. One such unit was described in an Army report as "completely cut off" while mopping up operations continue. Other units, the War Department reported, are occupying high ground west of Chichagof harbor, the Chichagof valley and strong points in the mountains be tween the harbor Bay. and Sarana

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