Pacers prevail Indiana avoids playoff elimination with win over Bulls/B3 SPORTS Old windmill • /-• Historic landmark brings tourists to Wamego / C1 GREAT PLAINS f : Ashby House wants to raise $250,000 for apartments / A2 : Bookseller won't hand over Lewinsky's purchase list / A8 INSIDE High: 99 Low: 63 Mostly sunny today with south winds 15 to 25 mph and gusty / B7 WEATHER Classified / C4 Comics / B8 Deaths / A9 Great Plains / C1 Money / A6 Religion / B6 Sports / B1 Viewpoints / C2 *** Salina Journal ^^f+.tf*it*+t-t \S r+v* r\ r* r^ r\tnt*i*^ H O^7^ ^^^*^^^ Serving Kansas since 1871 SATtlPlbxV/ MAY 30, 1998 SALINA, KANSAS 50 cents T BARRY GOLDWATER: 1909-1998 GOP icon Barry Goldwater dead at 89 Former Arizona senator was Republican nominee for president in 1964 By MATT KELLEY The Associated Press PHOENIX — Barry Goldwater, the fearlessly blunt Republican conservative who lost the 1964 presidential election in a landslide after being portrayed as a nuclear warmonger but whose ideas were later embraced during the Reagan years, died Friday at age 89. The five-term Arizona senator had been in declining health since a series of strokes in 1996. He died at his home in suburban Paradise Valley. Despite his crushing defeat in 1964, his fierce anti-communism and call for laissez-faire government galva- nized conservatives, formed the ideological basis for the modern Republican right and paved the way for its dominance of the White House for more than a decade. "He was a man ahead of his times," former President Bush said. "Many of the things he was castigated for years ago are now in GOLDWATER vogue. When you see people talking about privatizing part of Social Security, my mind goes back to what happened to Barry Goldwater in 1964 when he was de- rided for that very same view." "He was truly an American original. I never knew anyone quite like him," said President Clinton, who ordered flags flown at half-staff at federal buildings Wednesday, when Goldwater's funeral will be held in Tempe. Goldwater captured the 1964 GOP presidential nomination after moderate, eastern Republicans supporting New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller took Goldwater up on his invitation for them to "take a walk." He roused the remaining delegates with a fiery proclamation: "Extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice.... Moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue." Democrats seized on that comment, as well as Goldwater's hawkish military views, to portray him as a trigger-happy extremist at a time when the United States was getting deeper into Vietnam. Goldwater's tendency to make off-the-cuff remarks didn't help; campaign aides unsuccessfully tried to make all of his talks with reporters off the record. A famously devastating campaign commercial by President Johnson showed a little girl picking a daisy; then it cut to an image of a nuclear mushroom cloud. When Goldwater's campaign came up with the slogan "In your heart, you know he's right," Johnson's aides countered: "In your guts, you know he's nuts." Johnson wound up winning more than 61 percent of the vote and 486 electoral votes to Goldwater's 52. "We knew from the beginning that we had no chance against the man who replaced Jack Kennedy after the assassination," Goldwater once said. "The country was just not ready for three presidents in 3'/z years." Instantly recognizable because of his white hair and black horn- rimmed glasses, Goldwater espoused a fiercely individualistic — even libertarian — brand of conservatism. See GOLDWATER, Page A9 SOUTH ASIA NUCLEAR ARMS BUILDUP Pakistan lobbies for test ban treaty South Asia rivals seem intent on showing world they're not headed for war By KATHY GANNON The Associated Press ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Their tit- for-tat nuclear test blasts accomplished, rivals Pakistan and India dueled instead with words of peace Friday: Pakistan proposed they both sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and India suggested a mutual pledge not to strike first. Neither proposal seemed likely to bear fruit quickly, but the overtures showed both countries were anxious to assure the world that they were not sliding toward nuclear war. In an interview with The Associated Press, Pakistani Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub said Pakistan would sign the test ban treaty if India also does. He also vowed to retaliate "with vengeance and devastating effect" against any attack by India. "We are a nuclear power," he said. "We have an advanced missiles program." Pakistan exploded what it said were five nuclear devices Thursday in response to India's nuclear tests earlier this month. Pakistanis danced in the street and embraced; Western nations condemned the move and threatened sanctions. In New Delhi, India's Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee said both nations need peace to prosper. "We will formally give a pledge of no- first-use of nuclear weapons against Pakistan," he said, adding that India will abide by its policy against transferring nuclear or missile technology to other countries. Pakistan has indicated it would consider a no-first-strike agreement, but did not respond Friday to Vajpayee's offer. "I want to remove doubts that we want to destroy Pakistan," Vajpayee told Parliament, ending a two-day debate on nuclear issues. The rival nations have fought three wars in the last 50 years, two of them over The Associated Press A Pakistani child stands up while others offer special prayers Friday in the Fasial mosque. A day earlier, the Pakistani government set off five nuclear tests in response to earlier nuclear tests this month by neighboring India. the disputed border territory of Kashmir. The U.N. Security Council on Friday deplored Pakistan's nuclear tests and urged Pakistan and India to refrain from further testing and sign nuclear arms control treaties. The Clinton administration hopes to follow up the council declaration with a meeting of the foreign ministers of the five permanent members — the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France — to discuss further steps to curb the nu- clear arms race in South Asia. In Washington, White House spokesman Mike McCurry detailed the conditions that Islamabad and New Delhi must meet before lifting of sanctions would be considered. McCurry said the conditions include unqualified approval of the test ban treaty, entering talks over ending production of fissile materials, refraining from equipping their conventional arsenal with nuclear weapons and making concrete efforts to reduce tensions over such volatile issues as Kashmir. India and Pakistan have rejected global treaties on nuclear nonproliferation because they do not require existing nuclear powers to disarm. The test ban treaty, passed by the U.N. General Assembly on Sept. 10,1996, has been approved by 149 nations. The United States has signed the accord, which bans all nuclear explosions, but the U.S. Senate has yet to ratify it. T BOB HOPE'S BIRTHDAY Comedian celebrates 95th birthday without fanfare Family, close friends were to visit Hope, his wife at California estate By The Associated Press LOS ANGELES — In his later career, Bob Hope celebrated significant birthdays with television extravaganzas. Not this time. Burdened by the weight of his years, the comedian planned to mark his 95th birthday Friday night with a quiet dinner at his Toluca Lake estate. "We'll have some family and a few friends at the house," said Dolores Hope, his wife of 64 years. "Our grandson Andrew will probably barbecue some lamb. Bob loves lamb." On a visit to Washington last week, the British-born Hope was given an honorary knighthood and presented by Ambassador Christopher Meyer on behalf of Queen Elizabeth II. But he caused concern when he skipped a dinner marking the donation to the Library of Congress of the personal papers, joke files, photographs and other memorabilia from his 70-year career. "We went out to dinner the night before with a lot of Bob's relatives who came on for the event," Dolores Hope explained. "Everybody ate too much and something didn't agree with Bob." After a day of rest, he went fishing on Chesapeake Bay. Hope has attended banquets, book signings and other events during the past year, and he appears interested, even entertained. Yet his trademark one-line quips are no longer there, and his hearing and sight are impaired. "He's hanging in there. He looks great. His blood pressure and other things like that are fine," Dolores Hope said. She said her husband plays a little golf, enjoys the scenery around their hilltop home outside Palm Springs and watches the news on television. "He was saddened by Frank Sinatra's death. He couldn't quite believe it," she said. "He asked a couple of times: 'What did he say? What happened?' We said, 'He's gone.' He said, 'Oh.' " While Bob's career has ended, his wife's has revived. Dolores Hope, who turned 89 Wednesday, was a cafe singer when they met and gave it up to raise their four children. In recent years she has made record albums and appeared with Rosemary Clooney. Last Saturday night they sang at New York's Rainbow and Stars. "I'll be 90 next year, and my career is just beginning," she laughed. The Associated Press Bob and Dolores Hope have been married 64 years. V WHEAT HARVEST Railroad problems remain Brownback says wheat farmers won't be able to rely on rail service By ROXANA HEGEMAN The Associated Press WICHITA — Kansas wheat farmers should find alternative ways to store or move their crop to market this harvest other than us- ''ing the railroads, U.S. Sen. Sam Brownback said Friday. Brownback, R-Kan, said the potential for another railroad bottleneck is troubling, and statements he has received from railroad companies have not been reassuring. He said farmers should turn to • trucking or make storage arrangements for their crop this harvest. Chronic rail car shortages during a bumper harvest last fall snarled the Union Pacific system and caused problems along the competing Burlington Northern Santa Fe lines. Millions of bushels of grain were stored on the ground. With the Kansas wheat harvest expected to begin in less than two weeks, many of those same problems remain and in some cases may be worse than during last fall's harvest. Grain elevators across the state still have heavy stocks of grains in storage, even though the 1998 wheat harvest is expected to fall below last year's record. Construction slowing traffic Aggravating the grain car shortage this harvest, however, is railway construction slowing traffic along Union Pacific lines in Kansas and Nebraska. Another blow came recently when Central Kansas Railway imposed a $750 per car surcharge, effectively taking those cars off use in eight southcentral Kansas counties. "It is a real crass time to do it — just before the wheat harvest," Brownback said. Brownback said he has asked the Surface Transportation Board to investigate the surcharges. On Wednesday, Lt. Gov. Gary Sherrer will host a meeting in Wichita between grain shippers and Central Kansas Railway officials over the issue. The Kansas Department of Agriculture said Friday that with many elevators reporting heavy grain stocks, the available storage capacity now is 338.4 million bushels. Kansas' 1998 wheat crop has been forecast at 377.4 million bushels, according to the May 1 forecast from Kansas Agricultural Statistics. The next crop production report will be issued June 12. Meanwhile, the wheat crop is starting to turn in the eastern parts of the state. "Some of the talk today was that the harvest should be wrapped up before the Fourth of July," said James Pritchett, spokesman for the Kansas Wheat Commission. Still undetermined is the extent of damage from hail storms in the northwest and central parts of the state.
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