Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 22, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, May 22, 1943
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The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change; scattered thundershowers this afternoon and tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 187 Star ol Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE. 5c COPY Russia Communism! Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Big News From Russia Her Communist Crusade Is Dead From Moscow the Russian Communist Party announced today that its units throughout the world had been ordered to dissolve. This is the biggest and best news for the United Nations since the Russian government joined us as an ally Troops Patrol Mississippi as Flood Rises By The Associated Pr c ss An army of soldiers, engineers and Civilian Defense Volunteers stood guard today along a 100-mile front of the mighty Mississippi river, choked by flood waters from scores of tributaries, ready to to inventors meet the imminent dangers from the ever - rising "father of wa tcrs." From Alton, 111., southward to Cape Girardcau, Mo., some 4.2. r >0 troops patrolled the river - front, an area regarded by Army engineers at St. Louis as the immediate concentration point in the six- state mid-west flood zone. There were other poitns of clanger in the immediate area, however, with Ihe Illinois river on the rise along a 200 - mile front aiui the Missouri river roaring out ol its normal channel as it ncared its junction with the Misssisippi neai Alton. While flood conditions harassec thousands of families in othe parts of the flood area — in Ind iana, Arkansas, Kansas and Okla homa — the immediate concert was in the southern sections o Illinois and Missouri. The home less total in the cnlirc area wa well above the 100,000 mark and the damage to crops and properly by the floods reached staggering figures, losses running into the millions of dollars. The number of dead was 14 — eight in Indiana: 3 in Missouri: 2 in Oklahoma, and 1 ill Illinois. Thousands of soldiers were in the flood zone and were aided by 25,000 Civilian Defense Volunteers. LI. Col. ,1. A. Adams, deputy army district engineer at St. Louis, said today that everything possible had been done to meet the dangers of the rising Mississippi from Alton southward 100 miles. He said the Claryville seawall in Perry County, Mo., had been reinforced and completed, as had other levees along the Mississippi on both Ihe Illinois and Missouri sides. In St. Louis the river stage last night was 37.3 feel, with a crest of 38 feet predicted for today or tomorrow. That would equal (he second all-time crest, Ihe 1P03 38- foot level being exceeded only by the record 41.2 level in 1844. Another area described as "crili- ical" by Col. R.E.M. Dcsislcts of the U. S. Engineer Corps at St --© Nor is the Russian abandonment f the world crusade for com- nunism to be considered merely a top to appease Great Britain and he United Stales, in bolh of which ountries Ihcrc is an ovcrwhclm- ng resistance to the original Bol- hevik doctrine. The fact is that Russia has been changing internally ever since the icath of Lenin and the flight of Trotzky. Lay il to Josef Stalin, or o the 25 years' experience under communism, or whalcver else you vant to lay it to—but the fact is hat for several years before the war broke out Stalin's Russia had c-rccognized p r i v a t e property: and with the coming of war the allegedly communistic Moscow gov- •rnmcnl made huge grants of cash all this in a land which .started off with the idea that individuals weren't interested in wealth. So this is the background which produced today's statement from Moscow. What il said, in the words of the Associated Prcss, was this: "The forms, methods and regulations of the Comintern have become obsolete, and in some cases have actually hindered the workers of the world in their baltle against Germany and her satellites." Thus ends the period of distrust, in which every established government feared Moscow was sponsoring a revolutionary group to over- 4 Injured in Double Crash Early Today Four men were hurl, one believed fatally, this morning when a Missouri Pacific train hit a truck on the east side of Hope and the ambulance rushing the victims to a hospital collided with another car at a downtown street intersection. The injured: Bill Osbornc, Hope Brick Works truck driver, a broken leg and skull fracture; injuries believed fatal. Bruce Jackson, negro, riding with Osbornc, bruises. Denver Dixon, Missouri Pacific employe, off duty, who helped load the railroad victims into the ambulance and who was riding with the driver at the lime of the crash downtown, back injury, condition serious. Arthur Slayton. driver of the car which collided with the ambulance, also injured in the back, and condition serious. Missouri Pacific Train No. throw it. Thus, also, 1, southbound, struck the brick company truck driven by Osbornc at the Walker street grade crossing at 7:10 a. m. An investigation conducted by Chief of Police Turner, Policeman Brown and State Police Sergeant McGibboney disclosed that the locomotive struck just behind the truck cab, carried the machine !)() feet down the track and dumped it off on the south side. Osbornc and the negro Jackson were picked up by a Herndon-Cor- U. S. Victory on Attu Hits Jap Food Line Washington, May 22 (/I 1 )—American conquest of Ihe western Aleutians, some authorities said today, probably will prove to be a'ser- ious stab at Japan's food supply by bringing important North Pacific fishing grounds under the guns of American patrol ships and planes. Cutting the enemy's seafood supply by sinking some of his fishing boats and sending the rest scuttling back to Japan, it was said, would be a major step in the planned economic strangulation of the island empire. >',. Fish — along with rice — con- j stilutcs a chief part of the Japanese diet. These strategists said a campaign to close huge fishing grounds to the enemy probably will be one of the first moves of the American North Pacific command, as soon as forward positions in the western Aleutians have been secured and developed. Most advanced of the air bases undoubtedly will be on Attu. island, where Japanese resislencc has been all but eliminated by Americans who invaded the island 12 days ago. Secretary Knox told a press conference late yesterday the campaign was successful and it was only a question of time until the Japanese remnants trapped on the northeastern extremity of Atlu were finally overwhelmed. \ Strikers Picket Chrysler Plant Moscow Orders World Units Dissolved —Europe NEA Service Telephoto CIO workers picket the Chrysler plant in Detroit as 24,000 others strike in a contract dispute. ends the Russian Communist experiment—just another Utopia broken by the slings and arrows of a competitive and war-like world. Not that any of us in our hearts quarrel with Utopia. On a tropical, self-sufficient and completely isolated island who would have need for properly or money or arms? Bui among Ihe grcal powers, in Ihe closely packed populations of the earth, Utopia becomes considerably less important than self-preservation. We do Iho best thai we can. But we arc never perfect. For Utopia must be compromised lo niecl a specific physical problem. Russia had found that out in Ihe quarter century between two wars. Men like lo have sortie money. Women like lo have some fine clothes. Peace-time experience bent Ih Lcnin-Trolzky doctrine out of shape. Old Joe Stalin and World War No. 2 finally broke il down completely. nelius ambulance driven by Rufus Herndon, Jr. Denver Dixon, a Missouri Pacific employe who was off duty at the time, heard the crash and came over to the scene and helped Herndon load Ihe viclims inlo Hie ambulance. Downtown, llic ambulance headed south on Main street for Josephine hospital. Al Ihe intersection with Third slrecl (U.S. 07) Ihe ambulance collided with a Ford coach driven by Arthur Slaylon which was headed west on the highway. The ambulance threw the lighter car into the air and rolled it over. Herndon, driver of the ambulance, escaped uninjured, but Dixon, riding on the seal with him, was hurl. The injured were taken to Josephine hospital. The Tokyo radio quoled circles close to Ihe Japanese war office as saying a real fighl "from now" on had begun on Attu after Japanese troops gave up their advance posts to shorten their defense lines. But little credence was given the report here, and it was noted that Knox — usually conservative in any victory predictions— said that already the Japanese forces left on Attu had no choice but to surrender or die. Continued on Page Four) Ration Water in Ft. Smith, Flood-Bound Fort Smith, May 22 —(/I 3 )— Fort Smith authorities today ordered use of water limited to drinking and cooking, threatening arrest and prosecution for any violations, as the surging Arkansas river snapped t c m p o r a r y conduits strung on an Army - built ponton bridge. The Army reported the 500-fool span carrying three emergency water lines broke loose at one end as the flood mounted toward the record 41.7 foot crest established here last week. There were no casualties among soldiers patrolling the bridge but some equipment was lost. The city of 40,000 which normally uses 7,000,000 gallons of water daily for itself and nearby Camp Chaffee, had a reserve of between eighl and nine million gallons ii slorage. Mayor Chester Holland said it would be at least five days before new temporary lines could be laid and "the reserve on hand jnust be made to last." The city's regular conduit was borken by lust week's rise. There was no fear No Clue Yet to Decision on Mine Pay Washington, May 22 —(ft')— Decision time was at hand in the soft coal wage controversy as the War Board delved today inlo a 'act-packed panel report which eft the way wide open for more noncy to Ihe miners in various "onus. By meeting daily and Sunday, joard members hope to issue a decision early next week, but the vol- uniinous panel report furnished no clue lo what that decision might be. It provided enlightenment on all disputed points, and settled none of them. Under strict instructions to avoid rccommencations, the panel members could give no more than a hint of their own opinions and even Ihose might have no bearing on the full board's action. None of the three panel members \v ; ll have a vote in the final decision. Two of them or member The Mississippi is the Kith longest river in the world, with a length of 2,460 miles. Jap Leader Killed the public and lab- never were assoc- of food ialed with the board in a case before. The panel chairman and public member was Morris L. Cooke, of Philadelphia. Representing labor was David B. Robertson, president o£ the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, an independent union. The industry member was Walter White assistant to the chairman of Ihe business advisory council, Department Commerce. The report made il clear that the miners, since January 1, 3041, have received average increases in straight time rates which exceed 15 per cent. Mathematically, that precludes a further By Tie Associated press While Tokyo boasted thai a real fight "from now on" was developing on Attu, latest reports indicated today that American troops were mvoing in against Ihe lasl ncsls of Japanese resistance with the trapped enemy survivors left no choice except lo surrender ,or die. Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox declared the 12-day-old campaign was successful and that it was only a question of lime before Ihe Japanese remnants bottled up at Chicagof harbor. at the northeast tip of the island, were finally overwhelmed. Knox also staled emphatically that American warships controlled the surrounding waters and that no sea - borne escape was possible. Allies Knock Down 86 More Axis Planes By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied headquarters in North Africa, May 22 —(/P)— American bombers and fighters destroyed 86 enemy planes yesterday in sky sweeping combats and damaging raids on Axis airdromes in Sardinia and Sicily. Nineteen fighters were destroyed in combat and another 67 were knocked out on the ground. (This direct dispatch did not take into account three additional enomy fighters the communique said wore destroyed Thursday night. These would raise the three dav total <o 75.1 (Ten other Axis planes were shot down by heavy U. S. bombers based in'the middle cast during daylight raids yesterday upon San Giovanni and Rcggio Calabria, it was announced at Cairo. Cairo dispatches described this as a "fifty - plus" foray and that, in addition to the 10 Nazi Prisoner Escapes at Fort Smith Tokyo's forecast of fighter Japanese defense was based on the assertion the Japanese garrison had "given up" its advanrcd posts to shorten its lines. On other fronts: Southwest Pacific — Gen. Douglas MacArlhur's headquarters announced heavy new blows against Japanese air strength in the South Seas with the destruction of 22 out of 47 enemy planes atempling 10 raid Allied bases or intercept United Nations fliers. Out - numbered Amcican P-38's were officially credited with shooting down six out of 20 Japanese Zeros and probably destroying seven others without loss to themselves during an attack on the big Japanese base at Salamaua, New Guinea. Allied warplanes also attacked the enemy airdrome at Gasmata, New Britain, where four of IS zeros were shot clown, and destroyed eight troop - loaded barges off Ihe coast of New Guinea said shot down, others were damaged. Direct hits were scored on Ferry berths and railway yards at both objectives.) Large fires were lefl burning by fighlcr - escorled Flying Forlress- es in allacks yeeterday on Sciacca »nd Caslelvctrano airfields i n Sicily, the communique said. What was termed officially as a "heavy force" or B-17 Flying Fortresses led yesterday's onslaught by blasting the Caslelvelrano airdrome in western Sicily. The bombers found the field fairly well covered with Axis planes and dropping a string of bombs across the dispersal areas and on buildings. Three six - cngincd Mcrscburg- 323 transport planes were set afire and a gun battery received a direct hit. China the Chinese reported Generalissimo Chiang Kai - Slick's armies had killed 100 Japanese at the troops in a developing batlle China's "back door," along shortage although an undermined tunounl of food was lost at least temporarily when heallh authorities banned use of any supplies in warehouses affected by the flood until they had been inspected. Transportation facilities by road and rail were available south. wage increase under the board's \ lower photo, commander-in-chief of • ' the Jap fleet, who boasted he would lillle steel formula. However, the panel cited the miners' argumen's that the $1 a day ($1.40 in the south) raise they received in April, 1941 was not a cost-uf-hv- ing increase and therefore should Continued on Page Four) pictate peace terms from the White House, has been killed in action, Tokyo ratlio said. Admiral Mineichi Koga, upper photo, was named to succeed Yamanoto. Koga commander the Jap fleet in Chinese waters before this appointment. Burma - China frontier, while Tokyo claimed Japanese columns were driving deeper inlo China's vital rice bowl lands. No land fighting was reported in Burma. Refrigerator Fire on South Walker An electric refrigerator caught fire in llie home uf Mrs. Ted Miriam. 505 South Walker street, this morning and caused about $150 loss, including scorched walls of the house and damage to the refrigerator, tho Hope Fire Department reported. The Fortresses and P-38 Lightning fighters were 8 attacked just when they we::e leaving the target by about 25 Focke Wulf - 190S aiid Mcsserschmitl - 109S which flew out of the sun. Some of the attackers drpoped aerial bombs among the formation of American planes. It was the first time the Germans were reported to have employed aerial bombs dropped from fighters lo explode among Allied, planes in Ihe air in the North African theater. It has been a familiar lactic recently against Allied bombers over Germany, and also has been used by the Japanese in the Pacific. The Fortresses also hit the Sic- acca airdrome on the southwest const of Sicily for the first time. Meanwhile. Major Gen. James H. Doolittle's medium bombers, both B-25 Mitchells and B-26 Ma- Little Rock, May 22 —(/I')—A 28- year-old German war prisoner has excaped from a camp near Fort Smith Ark., the FBI announced. Agent-in-charge Fred Hallford said Ihe prisoner was Karl Schningeungeur. He described him as five feel, nine inches tall; 143 pounds, blue eyes, blonde hair, ruddy complexion. The man has a wound scar on Ihe right arm and speaks very liltle English, Hallford said. Hallford said the escape occurred probably yesterday. No other details of the escape were announced. He declared the prisoner may be wearing his badly worn German Army uniform, with shorl bools, or denim or khaki prison garb. If he is in prisoner attire, the lellcrs "PW" will be slcnciled on his back and trousers scat, Hallford said. Berlin Again Is Bombed by Allied Planes London, May 22 (/I 3 ) Britain's new and speedy' mosquito bombers returned again lo Berlin lasl night lo blasl targets in the Reich cxipital for Ihe third successive night. Other British planes laid mines in enemy waters overnight while Mosquito Intruders attacked railway targets in France and Whirlwinds sank two ships out of a five- ship convoy off the French coast. The after - dark attacks followed up yesterday's daylight raids by American Flying Fortresses on important sources of German U- boat strength at Wilhelmshaven and Eden and carried into the aerial offensive : which many sources expecl lo turn soon inlo a death - blow allack against Hitler's Europe. The German High command's communique, as broadcast from Berlin, said "major damage was done lo properly in Welhelm- shavcn and Eden" by Ihe American bombing y e s t o r d a y, but claimed 17 of Ihe four - cngincd Iviiv.bcrs were brought down by German fighters and Naval antiaircraft. Il was announced officially that Whirlwind fighter - bombers sank the two enemy ships and damaged a third, a medium - sized motor vessel, in a convoy of five ships Russia Braces for Expected German Drive BY EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 22 :—(/P)— An ominous silence prevailed along the Russian front today with evidence pointing to the approaching zero hour for the long - expected German offensive. On the German side of the front, the invaders continued to pile up stores of ammunition, tanks and men for the summer push that may come almost any time. One front - line dispatch used .he Russian phrase "groznaya ti- shina" — stern silence — to describe Ihe present, tense atmosphere. (The midday communique as oroadcast by the Moscow radio and recorded by the Soviet Moni- or in London, ignored German radio reports that the Red Army las launched drives of its own as preludes to offensives in Ihe Caucasus and Orel seclor. Moscow, May 22 —(/P)— In the,,| midst of the daily increasing cooperation between Soviet Russia' and her Allies, the Executive Committee of the Communist International has asked its centers in all <: parts of the world to dissolve. The resolution said the forms/sj methods and regulations of the Comintern have become obsolete" and in some cases have actually hindered workers of the world in,, their battle against Germany and ( her satellites. The action was considered here' an open admission that the Comin--] tern, which had stood for solidification of the workers of the world under the Communist banner, should dissolve and that the workers in each country should get down to the job of beating Adolf Hitler. Many foreign observers hi Moscow saw in the decision one of the most significant gestures yet to-' J ward complete cooperation among the nations whose primary ob-J jective is the defeat of Naziism. Explaining the action, the committee's resolution declared there was no time now for a formal convention of the branches <| throughout the world in war time, and recommended that they cease their duties under prevailing regu-"f lations. ("Even before the war it be-,| came clear that together with the surprised off Cherbourg. Mosquitoes, Beaufighters and rauders, raided Villacidro and Decimomannu airdromes in Sardinia and P-40 Warhawks and . LiuhlnhiKs attacked gun positions I * 1 . tK " toJSI , . . . and harbor installations on Pan- ''a.ds. Several grams were shot up. Boston bombers struck behind the in wide Intruder teller-ia island. Lieut. Col. A. Cardenas Rodvi- In Pigash National Furesl, western North Carolina, fawns are raised on the bottle. quez of Mexico City, commanding officer of a Mexican Air Force unit, was an observer in one of lh? Fortresses over Caslelvelrano. "1 was particularly impressed by the numerous dogfights," Rod- riqucz said, "Ihe bombing ilself seemed very good and proved what wonderful equipment the American airforcc has. 1 wa; impressed by the precision bombing. I believe I will be able to take back to Mexico some highly educational ideas." One plane failed to return, the air ministry said. An alarm aroused London shorty after midnight as the enemy struck weakly at the capital for the sixth successive night, but apart from the noise of a furious barrage directed against a raider apparently nothing happened in the Metropolitan area. Nazi fighter - bombers flitted across the southeast coast on two occasions during the night. It was announced one raider was brought down and that bombs caused some damage and casualties. (The Berlin broadcasts recorded in London by the Associated Pi-ess, said the Russians had "concenlrat- ed strong offensive forces on the whole Kuban front in orded to cap- lure Ihe German - Rumanian bridgehead." It added that it was believed in Berlin that the Kuban drive would slart "al the same lime as the expected Soviet of- cnsive south of Moscow.") Texarkanian Wins Army's Flying Cross Allied Headquarters in Australia, May 22 — (If] — The boys who manned the United Stales Army transport planes, flying ammunition, supplies and troops to forward fighting areas, were rewarded today with Distingusihed Flying Crosses. Lieut. Gen. George .C. Kenncy, commander of Allied Air Forces in the Southwest Pacific, awarded the decorations to 21 airmen who participated in 50 transport operational flights each. Operating in areas where hostile contact was probable, these men lot only dropped supplies at. advanced outposts and transported troops and equipment lo forward areas, but also removed the wounded. Their flights were made at low altiludes over jungles and mountains, with landings accomplished on improvised fields within a few miles of the enemy. Those receiving the awards included: First Leiutenanl Albert Sleiner, Jr., 453 Catulnia, Ave., Webster Groves, Mo. and Staff Sgt. Coleman Robinson, Texarkana, Ark. Draft Board Gives Joe Cline Warning •ions The Hempstead County Local Selone lective Service Board yesterday warned Joe Cline to report to it increasing complications in inter-j nal and international relations of J the various countries, any sort of;: international center would encoun-"' ter insuperable obstacles in solving . the problems facing the movement,, In each separate country," said '. the resolution broadcast from Moscow and recorded by the Soviet Monitor in London. ("Deep differences of the historic paths of development of the vari ious countries, differeces in their % | character and even contradictions in their social orders, .. differences: in the level and the tempo of their economic and political develop-* ment, differences finally in the de*' gree of consciousness and organi- zalion of workers conditioned dif-* fercnl problems affecting the work-* iig class of the various countries. ("The whole development of evcnls in the last quarter of cen-, tury and the experience accumu- > lated by the Communist International convincingly showed that the organizational form of uniting the workers, chosen by the first Congress of the Communisa International answered conditions of the first stages of the working movement but it has been class out-' grown by the growth of this movement and by the complicatoins of its problems in the separate couii- tires and has even become a drag on further strengthening of the national working class parties," The executive committee said the current duty of Ihe broad masses of peoples throughout the world was to give all possible support to the war efforts of their parr ticular governments. It declared the workers in the j occupied countries should make • it their main activily to develop Ihe armed struggle against Hitler, This general mobilization of the masses for early victory over the common enemy it continued would be more productive when carried out independently by the j various workers movements on na- f. tionalislic lines. This is one lesson of the war which has brought broad masses of the people together rega'.dless of party and religion, it added. Even Labor Is Sport At Navy School Athens. G a.—(£">—•Labor is classi- jjfal tied as a sport at the U. S. Navy Pro-Flight School here. And the cadets spend considerable spare time trying to figure oul who conceived the idea of calling pick and shovel work a sport. There are 2.400 cadets al this j station, largest of the Navy's five i pre-flight schools. All cadets re? I ceive instruction and must com- t pele Ihe year round in nine sports: | u o x i n g. wrestling, man-to-man I combat, swimming, basketball, soc- I football and J immediately, charging Cline with failing to apear for a physical examination. The board ordered Cline to appear on or before 10 a. m. May 27, failing which he would be made liable to punishment under the Selective Service Act. cer, gymnastics, That's just the physical toughening program which takes up one-third of their time, the rest being split between academic and military classes. Rhode Island has had an automobile drivers' license law longer than any other stale of the union.

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