FARMERS SHOULD BE CAREFUL IN ALFALFA, CLOVER ^ND GRASS SEEDS Bushels of the Seed of Noxious Weeds Planted- Every Year by Farmers Throughout the State—immense Losses Caused by Spread of QuackgraSg, Crabgrass and Like Pests. [By D. H. Rose, Assistant Professor of Botany, Kansas Agricultural College.] • I P YOU vrcre to offer a farmer scv- 13 seed of foxtail to ,eTery sqnaTe eral bushels of mixed weed seeds, toot of ground. If the sample is only one per cent Impure,-there will still be at least two seeds to every square fP YOU were to offer a farmer several bushels of mixed weed seeds, tfree, for sowing, be would refuse to - '-use them and probably would thlillc ryou out of your senses for offering them to him. But many farmers over the state have this year sown seeds l>y the bushel and have paid a good jirice for the seed. Not, perhaps ?10 or $12 a bushel, but at any rate several dollars more than It was worth. And how, has this happened? In this way: Seed of alfalfa or clover or iEnglish blue grass was for sale close Bt'haaifl, (fteipranarilie'farmer bbilghV D. H. ROSE, Assistant Professor of Botany at K. S. A. C. It and used IL This Is a common •practice everywhere, as is well Snown, and results in seeding down -the farm latad of the state to weeds anoro thoroughly every year. Samples of seed such as aro hero aiBcusscd havo been examined in the £ecd laboratory of the Kansas Agricultural College and have been found to contain large quantities of weed seeds. , In alfalfa the most common are foxtail, crabgrass, pigweed, lambs- quarter, Russian thistle, buckhom and dodder; in English blue grass, cheat; and in -bromegrass, quackgrass and cheat. Quackgrass Is a bad weed Which causes immense losses to the farmers of the Dakotas, ^Ilnnesota, -Kebraska and lo-wa every year and is gradually spreading over Kansas. If the seeds mentioned, any or all of them, are.present In a sample to the extent of 10 per cent It means that for every nine bushels of alfalfa or clover or bromegrass sown there Is also sown one bushel of weedseed. The weeds which come from these eeeds require just as much room as reap crop, often more, and rob the soil of moisture and plant food. It may make the matter clearer if ^Bome- figures are given as to the actual number of weedseeds sown on a square foot when impure seed is •ised. Five per cent of foxtail in an alfalfa sample means. 45,000 foxtail ceeds to the pound of the mixed seed, tf such seed is sown at the rate of 15 pounds to the acre, there will be foot There are surely enough weed seed grown every fall without their number being Increased by the unnecessary and careless soiling of more. It is true that not all of the seed examined has beeb fonnd -to contain impurities to the extent! of 10 per cent, or even 5 per cent It should be said, also, that the number qf samples examined this year has been sligliily smaller than usual and a large proportion of them came from seed houses. - It might be thought from this that seed bought from a seed house is sure to bo clean. This, unfortunately, is not aI ^\'ays true. Not that all seeds men arec dishonest, or that none of the seed they have is pure. Credit ' must be given them for trying to put on the market as good grades of seed as they can obtain. But even with the test of cleaning machinery some weed seeds are sure to be left behind. Among those especially hard to re- more are buckhom and foxtail from olorer and alfalfa, Russian thistle froni alfalfa, cheat from Englislr bluegrass an^. bromegrass, and quack grass. from bromegrass. It must be remembe«ed that in some years most of the seed is clean as it comes from the threshing machine, and in other years' tt^il with weed seed and other trasl£l°§eed that grades No. 1 faiicy, one y6ar, -vtrould scarcely pass for Xo. 3 prime the next Another fact worth consideration: X sample on examination In the socd laborafo]7 of the Kansaa Agricultural Collcgojaay be 98 or 99 per cent nure, and .^tin bo unfit for use because It contains a few seeds of some bad weed, such as dodder, Russian thlxtlo of quack grass. One-half of 1 |icr cent of dodder In an alf&lfa sample means about TJOO seeds to the pound or at least one seed to every square yard, which surely is more than anyone cares to sow on valuable farm land. The point Is here: The farmers of the state are not availing themselves of the privilege of having seed examined before they sow it, but are using a great deal of locally grown seed which, as it comes from the threshing machine, often cor.ta.na large quantities of weed seeds end trash. Such seed can be fairly well cleaned with a fanning mill, but the safest way is to get really clean seed from some other locality or from a reputable seed house. Even when tlila has been done it is best to send a sample, say a good handful, to the seed testing laboratory at Manha:ian to be examined. A report will be made, free, on the amount of Im.mr- ities present, anl on the germlna; Jig power of the seed. Examinatlont of this sort have been made for csl- dents of the state since 1905. T. ere can be little doubt that thousand > of dollars have been saved by at.vice given against the use of impure seed. Pure seed is more expensive, 0 be sure, but so are weeds. URGES THE FARMERS TO GROW POTATOES • It Is all very well for scientists to study and delve and dig for the ulti- inate salvation of the farmer in the dry land belt but first tell hii.n—and "do it quickly—what to grow that will Ibring In money. The sooner this is done the sooner the farmers, constitutionally Bkeptical, will respond. "The farmer isn't concerned abouj^.j -fertility," says Professor -W. M. Jardine of the Kansas State Agricultural College. "What ho wants is a living 'and be wants it now. We mtist help him to get it Show him how to do somehting now; tell him how to feed tils family, first and then he will be In^jwsltlon to take up and study the problems we have discussed. The thing to do for him Is to show him Jjow to store up every drop of moisture to grow crops and produce monej-. VTe can do that in thort order and >rith-few words." ~ Before Professor Jardice's appointment as head of the agronomy de- pannent in the Kansas Agricultural College, he started exceedingly valuable potato experiments for the T'nited States department of agriculture in the dry lands region. These experi- Mnents began taree or four years ago at three stations in North Dakota, at 'A ^nm. Colorado and Nephi, Utah. 'A .boat 25 varieties of potatoes were jDSed they were planted in every con- ic^dyable way. In three years the re- Jtii'^ were from almost nothing to SOO bushels an acre. On five farms Jho yield averaged 100 bushels, marketable. Here,, in brief, are Professor For seed, use selected tubers, hand picked. If not too large plant single toibers having only one or two eyes. If^ large, cut in halves. Two eyes are liietter than six in seed potatoes. .Plant in rows three feet apart, and 20 to 24 Inches apart In the rows, four incb«8 deep; subsolllng is fairly satr i^Uietory. JSf« these varieties: Early Petoslty, IxUk Cobbler and Early Ohio. "These varieties are not the largest ylelders, 1 admit" Professor Jardine said^ "but they are the earUest and, therefore, the most advisable because the farmer may need the money." Why should not potatoes be a good crop,, to .«row on fallow land—hi nd fi^ki^ oilierwise, would be idle for the year? That's the question. "Why not plant 60 or 100 acres?" Professor Jardlns Inquired. "Why not, anyway, have crops two years In three? Wouldn't many ,a dry laud farmer like to have |100 an acre from his fallow? Wouldn't he be delighiod to teach orislnated a method which hv-mccOlMed In redooinf ^ dUBcnltiiM Of the.t^k to a mlnlmuid,' and at ttta skm^' timQ iixed^fati laaaaa' la tha pupn-arinlnd:' , ' • ' ' " ^"Herei Oonlrid.*'' sal4 be, •pbea,lad;,an'.«»«,:oii.'>'»»"t- "So! Vjprra weeVblawn. Ind«t^^bai what's i strand, DoniOd; wi'outmiunip 7o9 ma7 Ua'w forevar^wroat>ma)iiiigj p; tune ot. If I'dlnna'tell ye how thd ^^oeer things on the iwper qjaii^ help, ''^e see tha*t big fellow wl' a.4tiiind1 open face"—pointing to a sem^rbrevT- "tMtween two lines of a bar? He moves slowly from that line to this, while ye beat ane wi' yer fist an^;gle' a lonf l^ast^ • -'^..^ : ; • "If ye pot a log to him, ye mak twa" of him, an' he'U mJTre. twice ah futx , " "If, now, ye black his face. he'U/tun four times faster than the.feUQiw..wr.., the whtte face; and if, after'blacking his (face; yell bend his knee or tie; his leg, he'll' hop elgbt times faster than the white faced chap I showed ye first "Now," concluded the pt^r, sent«n- tlonsly, "whene'er yotlaw your p ^MS, Donald, remember this: that the tighter those fellows' legs are tied, the faster they'll run, and the quicker the};'i« sure to dance." ARE YOU ON OPPOSITE SIDE? Frank Crane Thinks th& "Standlitg Minority Report" Necessary to Keep Mankind Honest. Doubtless each of ua> knows someone in his circle ot acquaintances who is intellectually contrary. Such a one delights to take>on everj^'occa sion the opposite side.. If be is in a religio'js community he win take his ktand flrrmly for atheism; if he is among scoffers he will argue Just as valiantly for the church. He la a standing minority report. He la crooked stick that will not He in the woodpile. Like Ooethc's devil he Is the spirit ^vho constantly de> ales. This claas of persons is a steady, normal crop in the field of humanity. "We vrould not get along without them. They keop the kettle of things stirred, rwbich otherwise would settle and •poll. These are they that keep the •course of social life pure "as a. runr sing atream and prevent It from be- jcomlng like a green, stagnant pool. They supply ginger for political campaigns They are tb^ party out of power. They are the 'Matchdogs of progress. Without them • Tellglon iwould harden into a cruel tyranny ot snpeistitlan. falsehoods would be crystallized in power and ancient fraud live forerer. They harass mankind Into Jjeing honest.—Frank Crane. Unwelcome Wedding Queil. The origin of a black cat that at Intervals makes his appearance In St Kegls Is somewhat of a mystery, but) he always shows up, according, to the entertainment departmeht, wben a wedding reception is going on, Telate^ the New York Sun. His lasi"appear ance was at a reception the other day. The guests had all congratulated the hride and bridegroom and were sanw pllngthe buffet when from apparently nowhere In particular Master Tom. appeared, apparently feeling verf much at home and trying to frater^ nlze with the invited guests. A horrified employe removed him, bat ;rbU, found his way back, and th6n -kgain until he was conveyed to the street Orders have been issued to (bar Tom from the next reception, e\en should be bring a card with him. The Everglades. The region known as the Gvergladea of Florida is about 60 miles long by 5S miles broad, and is one vast swamp^ studded with Islands of from a quarter of an acre to'hundreds of acres in extent These islands are "generally covered with dense thickets of shrubbery !or Tines, and occasionally with lofty pines and palmettos. The water' la from one to six teet deep, the bottom, as a rule, covered with a growth of rank grass. 'During the rainy season, from July to October, th6 district com- ir .n9 xiin.i nnw T I VTM^A iu tho Everglades Is practically to get ICO? Mind, now. I don t recom- ,n,penetrable. The vegetable deposits mend you to drop wheat to favor of; ^i,^ Everglades Is Considered well !i°i!'°T.^- ^^J-J^'lli! li^i^^M",?! I adapted to the growth of banana and other fruits, and wben properly drained the region will tmdoubtedly be one of the most fertile on earth. may tide over many families while they are waiting the result of a scientific test of systems we advise." Only three crops In the dry lands are making money. Professor Jardine declared: Wheat, milo and flex. Why not add another and Incres .'te the Income? The farmer who thinks he will grow rich on one crop is much mistaken, he said. Potatoes could be planted In the low, waste places where grain can not be sowed. They would prove to be the farmer's friend. The lola Booster Club and (VliJeafe Bureau Ass'n, Extend To You A Personal Irivitation To Visit !ola To Do Your Fall Buying. . THE MILEAGE BUREAUASSOClATlON WILL PAY YOUR R.R.FARE All Stores Are Now Showing: A Complete Line of New Fall Goods lola is the Place to Do Your Shopping Here you will find bargains of every description, that mean a great saving to the purchaser. All stores show offerings of every kind of merchandise] at greatly reduced prices—merchandise to meet the requirements of all tastes and purses. You will find it greatly to your advarjlajgc to do yotir shopping in lola You are certain to^ -"^pend. so much nioncy on Kail goods anyway, paid both way, and make]your shopping trip a genuine pleasure. Why not come to lOL-V where yoii can have your fare No Better Stores Anywhere in the Southwest The list of Tola nicrch.-ints who will i.ssuc rcfnnd blinks on a[>pIicalion are among the leading <lcalcrs of Tola. When through .shopjung present your return ticket, together with your refund coupm, at the office of llie Io!a Daily Rfgi'-tc and your fare both ways will be immciliately refunded in cash. Rules Regfardingf Refund ins: of Railroad Fares / Any non-rcjidcnt whb has purchased goods from the merchants whose names appear on thi^ rebate ccujjon, is entitled to a return of car 'fare upon the surrender of his rebate coupon to the office of the lola Daily Register, .'subject to the following conditions: The entire sum so refunded shall not exceed 4% of the sum total of all purchases entered in this rebate coupon. And in no event will any sum in express of the actual car fare be paid. All fares are refunded by the Tola Daily Register, not by the meichants. The return part of a ticket, a cash farCireceipt, or other satisfactory proof must be shown at the office, at time rc- baJte is collected, as evidence of the point from which the shoiipcr traveled. When your trading is finished, hand your rebate cou pon to the salesman. He will have the total amount of your purchase entered, with the date, the firm's signature, and return the rebate coupon to you. Do th^ same at each store where you trade. That is all. When your trading is finally completed, cake your rebate coupon to the oQice of the lola Daily Register, and present it before 5 \>. m., jirccisely as it it were a check. Merely show your ticket, cash fare receipt, etc. No other identification, no red tape, and no c>:j>lanai:oi) is necessary. The office will know^thejight amount to pay you without being informed. V Ask" for a refund couptin in the first store from which you m.ake your purchase, or they may be had at the office of the lola Daily Register. These are Members ef Ihe BoSa Miiesge Bureau THE FAMOUS CLOTHING—SHOES. THE PALACE CLOTHING—SHOEa Barclay-Shields CL0THINO—SHOES. THE QLOBE CLOTHING—SHOES. I C. E. PERHAM CLOTH I NO—SHOES. HENRY EYLER SHOE STORE Shields. Shoe Co. SHOiS STORE. Crabb & .Morris ^RUOS. GIBSON STUDIO PHOTOORAPflS. S. R. BURRELL DRUGS RAMSAYS WOMEN'S FUKXISIIINGS. J. V. MERCHANT JEWELRY CO. J as. Richardson. WOMEN'S FCBNISHINGS. Sleeper Fur. Co. FDRNITUBE. lola Fur. Store FURNITURE. New York Store 1 >RY GOODS. T. d. i^nANNON HARDWARE. J. V. ROBERTS MUSIC CO. 'VIJ. FRISHMAN DRY gOODS Sample Shoe Store 110 BAST MADISON h CHECKING SCOUlWiE AT F.VLLS. Dr. rmmliino Orderpd AH Stores iind BuMlncKM llouKeM Fumigated. Xeosho F.ills Po^t: N'eosho Falls has been sIcV, there Is no n.se dciijing AM> HAKDKAr RAN AWAY. (if a VH} PrNoin-r Took Advantage I.rnlcnt <<nard. Ilow .Trd Pnnlp.'in. ('onvict»»d and sen li -nccd in the city court for violalion The Improvement of crops by breeding: and selection Is primarily the work ot the experiment staUoa,! "8r»ce,- Bigmiying a wiaow ny an.1 th« P «.«^lmBn^ «t«finn «hm,i,i ' c<«»rte»y- th« ScandtaaTlan lan- gvmg^ tbe prefix "srass" being In WKence the "Grass Widow." To glre poritlvely the origin of tba .expression "grass widow" appears to be' impossible. The authorities do not agree on' this point. One contends thAt a woman who safd to her friends that ber hnaband "had gone to grass" following a separation Is entitled to the credit of ooining the expression. Other writers havo attempted to find an explanation of It In the French word "gracs,* signl^Ing a widow by CjTDod troni the city stroct ganjr yps- tcrday afternoon. Hanlfan and sev- and the experiment^ station should be the source and first distributor of well -bred seed, but the amount of seed supplied .by the experiment station la- necessarily small and the farmers who secure the better seed moat crow it carefully and keep it pure and continue the distribution in order that greaV and rapid benefit may result from the work of the experiment statlbn. The permanent im- PMrement of crops rests with the farmers who shall continue the grow-' Ing and distribution ef setd. common nse, others baTo conjectured that it ecmies from the word "grad* Ing," meaning greedy; this signifying a woman who longs for the husband .who is gone. Tbeso give a wide enough choice. Friendly Advice. I "^e nrprlsed aU our friends by ga^ tlag maried." "Good enough. Now sarprise 'em by Imprered Mayins married."—-Kansas City Jomw nsL I ..r, i| J, j luohlliitory liquor law, es- it Sixty families have had the ex-,; ... .; ...... I>crience of their lives with a dread nnd loathsome dlgcase. For five \\eL 'ks afflicted people havo sliut tliemsfhes in their homes denying • lliemsclvcs alike to friend and foe. .As in all roin munltles we have the grouch and the klrker, but a.s a rule the people have Kuhraitted .heroically to the quarantine law as laid down by the health officer. I Last Sunday Dr. Morrison received word from Dr. Crumblne.orderinij all stores and business hous :es to be fuinl gated before Monday morninR. All merchants took hold with a will and in almost less time than it takes to tell it the process of fumigation was under way. One can say truthfully that .Neosho Falls is thoroughly fumigated. Humboldt Herald: A second party wedding occurred "at the spacious country home of Mr. and M.rs. .lames Jones at 8 o'clock, last evenlnR, Pe- cembcr 12, 1911. when their younpcst!, daughter, Ella Mae, was married to Mr. Morton Campbell. The ceremony was-performed' by Rcr. b. A. McKeever, pastor of the-' Methodist church. eral otlicr IHISOIIITH In cliarKC of Claude Turky. wore cleaning brick on 'West street near tlie Star livery barn. Ilanlcau bcjJKed permission to lio to the court house to K<?t a drink of water. .Mr. Turlt'v e.xactcd a proiiii>e fn^m the prisoner that he would return without unnecessary delay. IJnrdeau went to the court house— and kept on moving. Soon he had <llsappcared and no trace of him. could lip found. Kratik row;!:!, who has been guard- ins the city prisoners. Is in Missouri ra'I.-^d.t 'isTe by tiic serious Illness of a I r.iative. .Mr. Turley was acting as his sui,'>^t: M^nlciii is a mulatto and considered to i >e a jic -rsistent law violator. Wltb the Coming of Middle Ai^ —There Is a letting down In the physical forces often shown In annoy ing and painful kidney and bladder ail, meats and urinary Irregularities. Fo- j ley's Kidney Pills are a splendid regulating and strengthening medicine at •such a time. Try them. J. D. Mnn- dl6 ft Co. The Famous f >Lamp The best part of the day is the evening, when the whole family is gathered together around the lamp. , The old dayi of the tmoky fireplace aod fikkering cancOe are gene forever. In tliAr place hare come the convenient oil itove aod tke iQ<£spen<ai)le Rayo Lamp. There are to-day. in the United States alooey nore than 3,(XX),000 of theae Rayo lamps, giving their clear, white light to more tKaii 3,000,000 homes. Other lamp* cod more, but'you cannot get a better Ugkt than the low-priced Rayo gives. It has become M> popular we may almoit call it "tiio officiaJ lainp of tb« American family.'^ The Rayo ii made of solid brass, with baodsome nickel fintsh—an ornament anywhere. Aik jam dealer for'. Rtro hop: or vrrve for <Jeicr^>(iT« drcular la ur M<ncy oi tba Standard Oil Company . tlncorporatad) An Alarm at Night —That strikes terror to the entire household is the loud, hoarse and metallic cough or croup. No mistaking it, and fortunate then the lucky par-- ents who keep Foley's Honey and Tar Compound on hand. H. W. Casselman. Canton. N. Y. says: "It is wcrtb lu weight In gold. Our little children .are troubled with croup and hoarseness, and all we give them Is Foley's Honey and Tar Compound. I always have a bottle of it in tb« house." J. D. I Mundls & Co. I Jlen's .neeUng^. i .\ mass ireeting for men only" will ; be held at- the Itefornieci churchrat 3 I p. ni. under ttie auspices of the Committee of One Hundred of the-Men and Kellgion F*orward .Movement.- The addresses will be by local speakers, touching every phase of the move- . ment. A number of selections will be sang by a male quartet. AU men invited. —Lowney 's Candy at- Mundis. :T0 CURE A COLD IN ONE DAY. —Tak» LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine Tablets. Druggists refund money It It fails to cure. E. W. GROVE'S signature Is on each box. 25c. .
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