Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 20, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Showers and thundershowers today and in east and central portions tonight; cooker tonight, except little temperature change in. extreme northwest portion. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 185 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 197.7. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 20, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Allies Baa 73 Axis Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN: Congress Asked ' for 72 Billions for U. S. Army —Washington Washington, May 20 —(/P)— President Roosevelt asked Congress today to make available nearly $72,^ 000,000,000 for Ihc Army in Ihc fiscal year starling July 1, boosting his January budget figures by more than $6,000,000,000. While House Secretary Stephen Early explained the increas c is ac•< counted for by a projected cxpan- * sion of the aircraft program. The Army expects lo get, he said, 1,147,000,000 pounds of planes in the next year, exlusivc of the weighl of cngnies, and motors, ~ compared with 911,000,000 pounds ' • in the current fiscal period. The total, Early said, will exceed the Churchill's Pledge to U. S. Russia Quizzed About Japan *J The accusation by some United States senators that Great Britain wants us to help her smash Germany, and then may leave us to fight the Japanese by ourselves, led Prime Minister Churchill to pledge the American Congress yesterday that Britain will stick until the Japs are "pulverized." Churchill's pledge was quite unnecessary, bul il looks well in Ihc record. The fact is thai a quarrel bclwccn Ihe Allies and Russia over European matters is far more likely than any dispute between the United States and Britain regarding Japan. For there arc honest differences of opinion regarding post-war policy in Europe, but there is no chance for a division of opinion where Japan is concerned—Ihc Japs inlend lo Ihrow all while men out of Asia. Britain knows aboul that, for Britain once upon a lime was Japan's ally. So was Ihe Uniled Slales. Bolh of us have experienced Ihe rise of Japanese ambition, envy and treachery. We are fighting Japan because she threatens our control of the Pacific ocean—but the British in money terms have a vastly greater stake: They own most of the railroads of China, and billions of dollars of British investment have been paralyzed since Japan took over the Chinese seaboard. No one, least of all the realistic British, expects to recover a dollar of foreign capilal unless Ihe armed might of Japan is destroyed. It goes deeper than money, of course. Unless Japan is smashed the power and prestige of British shipping is gone forever in all the porls of Asia—where Britain has been top- dog for centuries. We have a natural anxiety about the Japanese war, in which we arc conducting a holding 1 campaign until Germany has been whipped. But what help can there be for it except to beat Germany as speedily as possible? II lakes many months, even a year, to plan forces and equipment and transport for an invasion of Europe, This was decided upon a long time ago, and action is now al hand. We can hardly make delay on Ihc European front to split off forces to Asia, with the obvious risk of meeting failure on both fronts. Europe always has been, and slill is, the mountain-head of world power for peace or war. Once we have settled the European war our Yanks Capture Jap Airfield on Atlu Island —War in Pacific Washington, May 29 — (/P)— American trops have completed encirclement of Jnpanes fores Die remnant Allu Island Graduation Exercises in School Auditorium Graduation exercises for the Hope High School Senior class will be held in the school auditorium at 7:30 p. m. tonight, due tot inclcmcn weather. Originally the exorcises were to be held in the stadium. Some SO students arc to be graduated. The public is invited. is combined production of all other nations. A $29,000,000,000 naval bill awaiting House passage today. The president, in a letter to Speaker Rayburn, transmitted a request for War Department appropriations totaling $59,425,586,500. He asked also that $12,472, 913,200 of unobligated balances of current appropriations for the Army be made available again in the coming fiscal year. The total of the two items is $71,898,497,700. > Baltic States Giving Hitler Plenty Trouble By JOHN COLBURN Stockholm, May 208— (XT') — Hitler's attempts to Nazi the Baltic stales has caused such resentment that only fate has prevented S open rebellion, according to refugees streaming into this neutral sanctuary. They say that residents of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, who two years ago hailed the Ger- •ak mans as Liberators from Sovieti- zalion, now are in a bitter struggle against the new conqueror. The Germans have installed their own governing officials beside the three domestic governments and . have taken other drastic measures, such as mobilization for labor and deportations, to stifle all spirit of independence, these sources said. Germany is considered almost as Jt great an enemy as Russia. German propagandists capitalized on deep - rooted fear of the "red menace" to inlist Baltic youths for fighting on the Russian front, and persuaded skilled men ; and women workers to go to Ger" many to work in war factories and on the farms. The decree providing for conditional return of properly to "waylay persons" was issued just at ,J that time of an appeal for labor volunteers. So many workers fled to the woods that (he Germans had to offer prcfcrntial treatment to get help for the factories. Despilc threats, the Germans also had trouble getting volunteers - for military service, and were met by proposal that the three countries be allowed to organize their own armeis to fight only if their boundaries were overrun. However, the Baltic military ||; } f units have done much fighting in Russia and suffered many casualties. Now their members resent the German lack of consideration for them. The German civil commissioner of Estonia became so incensed at the opposition that he is reported to have ordered deletion of the line "but once the time will come," from the ballet play about Kalevi- poeg, legendary Estonian hero. Japan—including, if necessary, all while armies, possibly even Ihose of our present while enemies. One new development does seem to be in the making in the Japanese war, however. The Uniled Slates and Brilain are apparenlly negoli- aling with Russia for Arctic-Pacific air and naval bases, to allow American planes and sniping to strike direct at Tokyo, on an cxlension of our present Aleutian bases. About this we will know later. Up to the present time Ihe Russian lack of aclion againsl Japan has been a mystery. Perhaps the forthcoming Second Front in Europe will permit Russia to solve the mystery of her position in the Pacific. ' MetcalfWith USO Anniston, Ala. —W 3 )— Ralph Metcalfe, king of the 100-yard dashers a decade ago, is director now of n Negro USO center here. Churchill Hints Planes Will Shatter Axis Washington, May 20 —(/I 5 )— The possibility thai Allied military leaders are trying to shatler Axis Europe so completely by aerial bombardment alone that the long- Ihrealened invasion may amount to lillle more than an occupation of proslraled enemy countries was read into Prime Minister Church- Ill's speech today by some competent observers here. A flurry of speculation was stirred up by two remarks made by Churchill, who omilled any direct reference lo the long - discussed invasion. He said (1) II was "worlh trying" to bring aboul a collapse in Germany and Ilaly by air power alone, and (2) Ihe Allies must do everything "sensible and practicable" to divert Axis strength from the Russian front. In view of the devastation wrought in Germany and occupied Europe by recent round the-clock bombings, chief interest in official Washington centered around what seemed to be a hint (hat Ihe cherished theory of "pure air power" enthusiasts — a victory by air alone — was being put to the test. "Opinion is divided," Churchill said, "as to whether the use of air power could by ilself bring about a collapse in Germany or Italy. "The experiment is well worth trying, so long as other means are not excluded." While informed persons agreed (Continued on Page Two) (he western Aleutians aflor capturing the partially completed enemy airfield there. The Japanese, the Navy announced today, werc caught in tho Chicagof harbor area al Ihc northeastern exercmily of Attu after United Slates forces captured Sarana Pass flanking the enemy's positions from the southeast. 'Ihe Japanese were fighting with their backs to the sea and the sen was commanded by American warships, which it was officially disclosed, have already assisted in smashing Japanese resistance. A Navy communique said: "North Pacific: "1. On May 18(.h, gunfire from United Stales light surface forces assisted in cloaring the Holtz Bay- Massacre Bay pass of enemy troops. "2. On May 19th: "(A) Uniled States forces cap- lured SiM-ann Pass leading lo the Chicagof area. The contacts of Ihe U. S. North and South forces from the Holtz Bay and Massacre Bay area have confined Japanese resistance (o the Chicagof area, ex- cepl for isolated sniper activities. "(B) A force of U. S. Army bombers attacked military objectives in the Chichagof harbor area. "3. U. S. forces arc now in possession of the runway in the Holtz Bay area. "South Pacific: (All dales are easl longitude) "4. On May 18lh Junn;.; Ihe night, Japanese b o m b e r s al- lacked U. S. posilions on Guadalcanal island. And in t!u Russel islands. There was'no report of damage or casualties." Occupation by American troops of the partially completed airfield was reported earlier today by Sec- relary of War Stimson. Authorities here were hoping thai the Army bombers would bo able to maintain their assault, on Inn crowded enemy positions around Chiqagof Harbor, because, Ihey said, an aerial pounding would help considerably to speed up final victory on Atlu. Today's communique amplified lo some cxlont yesterday's war bulletin report of the northward drive of American troops which originally landed on Ihe Massacre Bay shore on Ihe south side of Allu. It had been disclosed then that this force had cleared Ihe pass between Massacre and Holtz Bays but the facl that Naval gunfire had assisted in this operation was not known until today. The pass between these bays runs some distance to the west of the Sarana pass whic'-T run.3 near the eastern end of the island and leads from Massacre Bay into (he Chichagof area. Thus American forces werc revealed to have closed on th Japanese from two directions in a new pincers maneuver developed subscqunt to their initial pinccr drive against the main enemy positions around Holt/. Bay. The Japanese attack on American positions in the Russell Island was but the latest of a series of aerial thrusts which the enemy has made at the American base there. Berlin Again Battered by RAF Bombers -Europe London, May 20 (/I 1 ) Far-i ranging and speedy mosquito bombers of the Royal Air Force carried the continuing Allied air/ offensive to Berlin again last night, the British announced today. ! The RAF raid on Berlin constituted the third attack on the capital of the Reich within a week and came a few hours after American Flying Fortresses had smashed into Germany to blast submarine' and shipbuilding yards at Kiel and Flcnsburg. Results of the British overnight raid were not announced immediately, an air ministry communi- que saying merely that targets in Berlin were attacked. All the bombers returned. I^i night operations extending along the coast of Europe from the Netherlands to southern France, RAF whirlwind bombers attacked enemy air bases at Poix, Amiens- Glisy and Grecy En Penthieu and raided rail targets at Gamaches and Eu. Speed mosquitos strafed a concentration of barges in the Ghent area and shot up a Tangerbrugge factory, while Beaufighters set off a terrific explosion on five barge. 1 in the Lys river and shot up thret trains near Poisy, Sens and Bon- nieres. The American Flying Fortress units, recently reinforced, touched off destructive and fast - spreading flames at Kiel and Flensburg in one of the greatest fire - bombing operations carried out by U. S. airmen. Taking up whore the night raiders left off, large formations of Al lied planes swarmed over the channel by daylgiht today in the direction of northern France. They flew so high it was impossible to tell whether they wer c fighters or bombers. German planes, meanwhile, approached a south coast town but were driven out to sea by an anti aircraft barrage before they werc able to drop their bombs. OIL PRODUCTION CERTIFIED Washington, Mav 20 — (IP) — Sec rotary Ickes certified to oil - producing states today a daily Juno production rate of 4,218,000 barrel of all petroleum liquids, a daily decrease of 18,500 barrels iron the May rate. Certified production rates (bar rels per day) for June, comparoc with May included: Arkansas, 72,800, and 73,000 Louisiana 330,800 and 359,300 Texas 1,602,000 and 1,562,000. Engineers Fear Greatest Flood in All History By The Associated Press Belief that all levees along the Mississippi river between SI. ..ouis and Cape Girardeau, Mo., 'will be wiped out" was ex- jresscd by a federal cngnecr to- lay as emergency relief crews md military troops worked to check the flood waters from lurbu- out rivers and streams which covered a wide area of the midwest. Ver n Alexander, regional hydro- iOgic engineer at Kansas City's Weather Bureau, after completing i tour of the Missouri and Oida- loma flood areas, said: "I believe all levees along the Mississippi river between St. Louis and Cape Uirardeau will be wiped out." The levees protect thousands of acres of rich farm lands. Alexander predicted the levees at St. Louis and East St.Louis, 111., will hold, although he said he believed by Saturday or Sunday the crest at SI. Louis will reach 31-feet, just six inches under the 38-foot level of 1903 when disastrous floods occurred the St. Louis Weather Bureau said the stage yesterday was 32.9 feel, a rise of 2.7 feet in the last 24 hours. The all-time peak at St. Louis was 41.2 fct in 1844, Alexander said. There was only slight measures of relief in the flooded area in a six state mid - continent section where surging waters have driven thousands from their homes; covered millions of acresof farm lands: caused disruption of rail and motor traffic, and halted work in many war plants and factories. The number of dead in the flooded area was 10, six in Indiana, three in-Missouri and one in Oklahoma, while the estimated number of persons driven from their homes was more tha n 22,000 including 12,000 in Indiana and 10,000 in Illinois. Many others were evacuated from homes in Oklahoma, Arkansas and Kansas. Property damage was extensive while damage to crops was expected to be severe although no official estimates were given. Damage thus far in Missouri is in the southwest section, along the Osage river in the central part and in the Missouri river bottom area from Jefferson City to the mouth in the St. Charles area. The Osagc already is past all previous marks and a power plant at Bag- opll, Mo., is threatened. Roy Wingate district director of the disaster relief for the Red Cross, estimated 500 homes were damaged in the state and 30,000 acres of farm crops destroyed. In southeast Kansas, one of the worst floods in history paralyzed highway and railway traffic in a dozen counties, flooded a big power plant as Rivorton curtailing power to the tri-state (Missouri Kansas- Oklahoma) mining district they shut down a big ordnance plant. As the Red Cross sought to aid the 12,000 homeless in Indiana, the Churchill Addresses Congress •o (Continued on Page Three) Missouri Town Wiped Out by Flood Waters Tuscumbiii, Mo., May 20 • — M')— Almost the entire business district nf this tiny community was swept aw;iy or flooded two stories deep by (lie raging currents of (be Osagc river. In the. downtown ;irc;i only one business building, (he courthouse and (he school building, all standing high on a hillside away from river, were clear of water. The torrential river burst 10 feel farther from its bounds than ever known before. C. O. Brockman, postmaster, said. Three buildings of the Anchor Milling Co.. the postoffice barber shop, blacksmith shop and several other buildings were swept down the flooded stream. The approaches to (he Osage bridge were under many feet of water. Brockman declined to estimate the deplh of the water there but said "it was so deep the postoffice floated right over it." He said there was no loss of life among the 250 to 300 inhabitants but virtually all the stocks of business establishments were ruined. Jap Reporter Admits Huge Losses in Version of U. S. Landing on Attu Island By The Associated Press The Tokyo radio broadcast today a Doniei News Agency reporter's delayed account of the bailie of Allu which acknowledged that U. S. planes and warships had blasted Japanese troops oul of their ridge positions and killed more than Iwo - thirds of one Japanese force. The broadcast, recorded by (he Associated Press listening post in New York, also advanced unsubstantiated claims thai heavy losses were inflicted on the Americans. In Washington, Secretary Knox of the Navy said earlier this week that American losses were lighter than had been expected. The Japanese broadcast was blamed to the United Stales and Lalin America and despile its seeming frankness in admitting severe Japanese losses it was clearly an attempt to rasie misgivings in America. The Japanese assertions have not been borne out -by any American sources. They are similar to many Japanese claims in the Pacific war which later have been exploded. The American landings were made at Holtz and Massacre Bays in the wake of heavy aerial bom bardment, followed by thundering U. S. Navy barrages, the Japanese reporter was quoted as sayijig. Fog floated in to halt thg, air attacks for a while but the weather la.ter cleared ..to ..aUow.lhe U. S. planes to come back and deal heavy punishment to the Japanese defenders, it was admitted. The reporter claimed that on May 14 the small Japanese garrison continued to hold out. He also asserted that he saw a "tremendous explosion shake a warship" — an attacking ship which he said was either a battleship or cruiser — "and a huge tower of wa(er shoot up several hundred feel inlo the air. Those of us who witnessed the scene thought the ship had either struck one of our automatic mines off shore or been attacked by a Japanese submarine." The Japanese account, from the recorded broadcast, said American planes began an eight - hour bombardment at 2 a.m. May 12. At 10 a.m., American warships appeared outside Hollz Bay in the heavy fog and opened fire. "Releasing salvo after salvo in a wild effort which seemed to indicate the enemy was intent on blowing the island out to sea." "Advance Japanese posilions on shore returned the fire," the broadcast said, "and kepi Ihe American warships al a respectable distance, but during this heavy exchange a force of American troops managed to make a landing after Japanese mortar and machine gun fire had blasted Take Heavy Toll in Battles Over Sicily, Sardinia —Africa NEA Service Telephoto Prime Minister Winston Churchill as he addresses Congress. On rostrum behind him is Vice-President Henry A. Wallace. Sustained Air Blows Against Japs Seen Washington, May 20 '—(&)— Development of a sustained aerial offensive against Japan was foreseen here today as the ultimate objective of the current American campaign in the Aleutians. No other area of the Pacific theater where military operations are now underway offers sites for bases so threateningly close to the heart of the enemy's empire. From those bases, as strategists here see the picture, mighty new bombers of the 'Army Air Force may strike across the North Pa- ific sometime this summer ac h Tokyo itself and planes of lesser range may raid the enemy's defensive posts in the Kuriles Islands, little more than 600 miles from Attu. The smaller planes also could cover an amphibious expedition "gainst the Kuriles when the time comes to take them over for short range bombing of Japan. American reconquest of the western. Aleutians, therefore-, may b n taken as evidence that the Kaol of laying waste Japanese cities from the air mentioned by Prime Minister Churchill yesterday, already has reached the stage of preparatory action. The preparations would be greatly speeded up should Russia decide to make available air bases in Siberia and the Kamchatka peninsula. That such a decision may be possible despite Russia's guarded aloofness from the Pacific war so far was suggested by two statements in the prime minister's speech. One was his assertion (hat Allied chieftains are seeking to solve the military, geographical and political difficulties which now le n the way of bombing Japan. Diplomatic observers immediately seized upon his use of "political difficulties" as a reference to Russia, and linked it to his forthright expression of hope (hat Generalissimo Chiang Kai - Shek of China and Premier Stalin of Russia might soon meet with him and Prpsdienl Roosevelt. Al present the most advanced American base is on Amchitka Island, 233 nautical miles southeast of Attu. The Japanese, however, have been reported blasting out flight strips on both Attu and Kiska islands and presumably the Army Air Force will lose no time in completing what the enemy has started if surveys prove the projects practical. The battle for control of Attu appeared to be moving toward a teared to be moving toward a swift conclusion with America ground forces, supported by naval guns, driving the outnumbered enemy troops into a pocket around Chicagof Harbor at the northeastern extremity of the island. A Navy communique yesterday d A eicrnn uat eetihdlhsperoQlnryl reported American units held the heights overlooking enemy positions at. Holtz Bay, southwest of Chicagof Harbor, and that advance patrols of the original forces which Nazi Counter Attacks Are Broken Up By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 28 — (/P) — New German counterattacks in the Kuban Valley, fed by fresh reserves of men and tanks, have been smashed by Red Army artillery and planes, the Russians announced today, with heavy losses inflicted on the Nazis as they made their second unsuccessful effort in two days to cross a river in the Kuban Delta. There was constant air and land action all along the Russian-German front from the Karelian isthmus north of Leningrad, where the Finns were reported to have manned their forward lines with more heavy guns, to the arc north east of Novorossisk, where the Germans still held their positions in the Black Sea port. (There was no confirmation from Russian sources of claims voicec by the German radio that Russiai troops had launched sharp attacks on German lines in the Staraya Russa sector near Lake Ilmen south of Volkhovo, and near Ore and Belgorod. (The German High Command in its communique today also gave no support to the claims, confining its report on the Russian fighting to the bare statement that "yester day on the whole passed withou special events on the easten front." (The Tribune De Geneve, ii Switzerland, also carried a Berlii dispatch quoting German military circles as saying the Russian werc developing big troop movements in the Taman peninsula o the Caucasus, above Kursk and south of Leningrad.) The fiercest fighting, the Rus sians said authoritatively, was ii the Kuban and around Izyum, 01 the Donets river 70 miles southeas of Kharkov. Fighters and bombers, with th Red Air Force holding superiority continued major scale battles in the sky. The German air fleet madi repeated efforts to raid Leningrai in attempts to halt the munition By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters in North Af- , rica, May 20 —(/P)— Allied fighters and bombers, in mighty smashes at Axis air power, destroyed 73 planes yesterday in the greatest aerial blow they have inflicted since the collapse of the German ground forces in North Africa.it was announced today. Twenty-nine planes were shot • down in fierie dog fights off Sicily > and Sardinia in an area- where > the German and Italian air forces have concentrated hundrds of aircraft in an attempt to stem the great and continuing Allied onslaught and at least 44 others were destroyed on the ground. For the first time since the fall of unisia' enemy aircraft rose in arge numbers to challenge Allied omination of the skies over Sar- inia and Sicily and their squad- ons were ripped to pieces in what fficial sources described as "sev- ral long and gruelling dog fights." Fifty Axis fighters jumped Unit- d States Flying Fortresses, which lombed the Milo air field near 'rapani, Sicily, and more than 30 ighters attacked United 4States Vlarauders and Warhawks when he Americans bombed Monserra- o, Elmas air field and the harbor of Cagliari, in southern Sardinia. Four American planes were lost n all these operations. Thirty seven of the Axis planes destroyed on the ground were on the Milo field. At Milas airfield, in central Sardinia, Mitchells scored dirept hits on at least six grounded planes and at-Villacidro, where ^'v approximately ,50 planes, were , parked, mists were seen all over th p ^ dispersal area and several explo- ions were observed in fuel dumps, (The dispatch did not bring out where the Americans destroyed the 44lh grounded plane, but presumably it was one of thoge at Villacidro, 25 miles northwest of Cgalia- ri.) A lone Beaufighter patrolling the eastern Sardinian coast encount- sred five torpedo-carrying Junkers 88s. It destroyed one, probably destroyed a second and damaged (Continued on Page Three) Continued on Page Three (Continued on Page Two) Jap Fliers Have News From Hara-kir Kearney Mesa. Calif., May 20 (ff] — Japanese fliers may be committing suicide by ridding themselves of their pnra- chutes as they float tcv.-ard earth, says Lieut. Thomas W. Furlow, a Marine flier who has seen action off Guadalcanal and won the Distinguished Flying Cross. "They'd bail out of their burning planes at about 6.000 feet, which was not unusual" Furlow told a Marine Corps combat correspondent. "But, at about 5,000 feet, they'd unbuckle the parachute harness and simply juron out. We could not understand U unless it was a new kind of hara kiri." Furlow, 23' is from Ogden, Ark. a third. The twenty - eight others shot down in Comba were bagged by American bombers and their fighter escorts in raids during which tons of bombs were dropped on Italy's island outposts. The Fortess gunners shot down 10 and P-38 Lightnings which were oscorting damaged three more in a spectacular running battle which continued 20 minutes, with the op- sing forces flying at height S posing forces flying at heights ranging from sea level to 24,000 feet. (f'ourtee n Allied aircraft were declared by the German high command to have been destroyed in the coastal regions of Sardinia and Sicily. (The Italian high command said in a communique broadcast from Rome and recorded by the Associated Press that Axis planes had torpedoed and probably sunk two medium-sized Allied steamers off (he Algerian coast and heavily damaged a third vessel of 10,00.... tons. (The Italian bulletin said the ports of Sfax, Tunisia and Oran, Algeria, were "effectively attacked by Axis bombers." "(Some casualties and small damage were caused at Trapani (Sicily) in the region of Campi- " dano (Sardinia) and in Cagliari province by enemy aircraft which were strongly engaged by Italian and German fighters and suffered a total loss of 13 machines," the communique said. "A four en- gined bomber also was destroyed over Sicily by anti-aircraft defenses.") Columbus to Give Senior Play May 26 The Columbus Seniors and Juniors will give the play, "No Bride for the Groom," at the Columbus High School auditorium Wednesday night. May 26. Friday night. May 28, the first six grades will present the operetta, "Over the Garden Wall." There will be no admission charge. The public invited. The Baccalaureate sermon will be preached by the Rev. W. R. Hamilton, pastor of the First Baptist Church of Hope. The service will be held in the Baptist Church of Columbus, Tuesday night. June 1. Commencement exercise will be at the high school Friday night, June 4, it was announced by E. H. Acuff, superintendent,

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