Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 19, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, May 19, 1943
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o The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight; scattered thuhdershowers in northwest and extreme north portion. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 184 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated, January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c Americans Close Attu Trai i B^ ."i ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Churchill Gives Pledge Brifian Will Fight Japanese Enemy Troops in Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Farm No Place to Retire Moral: Keep Everything in the Box Prices of farm real estate have been rising since the war. Some of the rise is due to the natural increase in demand for farm products, but part of it may be speculative buying by town dwellers—and on this there is a word of caution. . ~® I quote William Feather, editor of Imperial Type Mctnl magazine, lot only because he is a hard-bitten realist, but in this instance he claims to have had practical cx- jcriencc. Says Mr. Feather: "I realize it's no kindness to puncture with cynical observations a dream ot happiness and security. "But I hear so many city people say that they arc looking for a small farm that I cannot refrain from reminding them of a few of the facts of life. "It is true that the cost of shelter is less on a farm, provided you are willing to accept the crudity of an old farmhouse. If you intend to modernize, watch out! "It is true that you can raise a good part of what you cat on your farm, but even to raise potatoes or corn you have to know quite a bit about gardening, and when ifcomes to raising and breeding livestock, you have to be a doctor, nurse, and toreador. "The real trouble on a farm comes from lack o£ cash. '"You'd be amazed how often you need things on a farm that can be obtained in Only one Italian Press Warns People of An Invasion By The Associated Press Italian mililary wrilcrs and commcnlalors frankly warned the Italian people today of the pros- peels of invasion and at the same lime emphasized the difficulties o: such an operation. The Berlin radio broadcast a dis patch by the military correspond cnt of II Popo 1 " D'Halia, who as sorted although the United Nations now have a good base in Africa, "they still would have to cross the Mediterranean." The correspondent said the Mediterranean was "extremely narrow" at some points and any concentration of shipping for an invasion attempt could not escape aerial a Hack, : The Corriere Delia Sera of fylilan ^df>c].a,rjid., i n anqlheruarlicta brasSS* ' cntst by'the Berlin radio that the recent torpedoing of an enemy cruiser and a medium-sized freighter was proof that the Allies have not solved their shipping problems in Ihe Medilerranean, Virginio Gayda, prominent Fascist writer acknowledged yesterday in reports reaching been that leaflets dropped over Rome urged Ihe Italian people to accept peace. Gayda added that no hint as to the kind of peace offered was given but. asserted it appeared that it would include, in effect, the destruction of the Ilalian nalion and her possibilities for Ihe future. Former Propaganda Minister Alessandro Pavolini, .director of II Messaggero, said "it is useless" for Ihe Allies to believe that Italy could break Italian morale. His stalemcnt was broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the way—by casji. I'm not thinking 01 cow medicine, or sgarden tools, tractors, or chicken feed. I'm thinking of spectacles, false teeth, corsets, shoes, soap, toothbrushes, medicine, dental and medical care, gasoline, oil,' tires, and paint. "It's wicked how many of your nice fresh eggs you have to yield up for a gallon of gas. Once 1 gol $5 for a dandy calf, and after I'd parked twenly sheep on my land all summer I sold them in the fall for ex- aclly whal I had paid for Ihcm in the spring." Sees Necessity of Immediate Aid to Chinese —Washington Washington, May 10—(/P)—Prime Minister Churchill gave congress today a pledge thai Britain will wage war against the Japanese in the Pacific "side by side with you while Ihcrc is bronlh in our bodies and blood flows in our veins." "I regard the bringing of im- mcdialc and cffcclivc aid lo China," Churchill said, "as one of Ihe most urgent of our common tasks" He turned to a clsicussion of the war in the Pacific soon after beginning his extemporaneous remarks, as if laking note of recent speeches in the Senate urging that the war against Japan be given precedence over the destruction of Hitler and Mussolini in Europe. Recounting the loss of the Dulch Easl Indies and of Ihe Malayan peninsula and the great British base at Singapore, Churchill said 'all this has lo be retrieved and much else has to be repaid." "Let no one suggesl the prime minister said, that Britain has nol at least as great interest in the Pacific war as the United Stoles." Churchill was grellcd by Speaker Rayburn (D-Tcx.) «in his office before Ihe yentered the House chamber. The prime minister wenl around the speaker's office to shake hands with each clerk. Then, while the audience was -wailing in the House chamber, he sat down and made a few last minute changes in his speech. Entering the Chamber Churchill was greeted by an ovation that lasted two minutes and was pun- clualed by Rebel yells. Speaker Rayburn introduced the visitor with the assertion thai Ihis is a high mark in Ihe nation's history wilh Congress having as ils guest, "one of the most distinguished figures on earth." There was another burst of ap- 5 War Prisoners Are Recaptured Jefferson City, Mo., May 19 — (If)— Supt .M. Stanley Ginn of the state highway patrol said . today five Italian prisoners of war who, escaped from Camp Clark, Mo., had been captured by. the patrol near Fidelity in southwest Missouri, Ginn said the prisoners were caught by two patrolmen who discovered them hiding in a barn a mile north of Fidelity. Associated Press, The newspaper La Stampa of l< ' Turin said "Italy cannot be vanquished without long fighting involving, as in the African campaign, the entire Allied land, navel and air forces for months, if not for years, on a narrow front which would afford extensive freedom of action for Germany on her eastern front and for Japan on the vast Pacific front." The Berlin radio likewise broadcast this warning. It's Wednesday afternoon as I write this. The stores are closed, and their managers and staffs arc out tending to Victory Gardens, mowing the lawn—or fishing. This is a warning to fishermen. Don't let happen to you what I hear happened to one of our county officials this week. He got up in the middle of the night, arrived on the lake at 3 a. m., complete with rod and reel and tackle box, to do a bit of casting. Then he opened the tackle box. It was all there—practically aU. The only thing missing was his artificial bait. . . . plause before syllables. Churchill began 324,000 Men Lost to Axis in Africa War BY NOLAND NORGARD Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 19 (IP)— Total German and Italian losses in the Tunisian campaign from the smashing of the Marcth line to the overcoming of the last Axis resistance in North Africa were 324,000 men, including an estimated 30,00( killed, 27,000 seriously wounded and 267,000 captured, it was an nounced officially today. Simultaneously with the disclos ure that nearly a third of a million enemy troops were put out o action in the final stages of the North African campaign came th announcement of the heaviest rait yet on the Italian island of Pan telleria, only 45 miles from Cap Bon in Tunisia, carried out , by U. S. Air Forces. Flying Fortresses smashed a the same time at the importan Sicilian base of Trapani, blowin up a ship in, the harbor and cov ering docks and the railway yard with bomb bursts. Photographs taken immediately after the assault by the large force of Warhawks, Lightnings, Mitchells and Marauxers, which dropped 100 tons of bombs on Pan- lelleria, showed hits on six merchant vessels in the harbor, numerous fires from hits on the dock and warehouse areas, cxtens ve bomb hits on the airdrome, five planes smashed on the field, arid many small boats bashed in. The warehouse area was particularly hard hit, with the principal building and three smaller Floods Creating Devastation in Nazi Rhur Valley —Europe Today's War Map Production at Gas , Plant Starts July 1 Little Rock, May 19 — (/P)— Director John M. Bransford of the Arkansas Agricultural and Industrial Commission says production probably will start about July 1 in two * gas cleaning plants being constructed in the southwest Arkansas sour gas fields at a cost of about $2,500,000. The $1,234,104 McKamie Gas Cleaning Company near Magnolia t will produce between 20 million and 24 million cubic feet of cleansed gas daily from the McKamie field. The $1,241,580 Arkansas fuel oil company plant will produce 51,000,000 cubic feet of processed gas daily from the Dor* cheat and Macedonia fields. Ration Book Taken As Court Bond Duncan, Okla. — (/P)— The man hauled before the police for a minor offense had just $1 on him —not enough to make bond. He offered to put up the dollar and his ration book, which he happened to have with him. Police accepted, figuring there was no danger he would jump that kind of bond. The Nazi parly was organized in November, 1920. Ginger root is npw being grown by P.usrto Bican larmers. Only A Poor But Honest Bootlegger Knoxville, Tenn. —(/1 J )— Police efficiency in enforcing Knox county's anti - liquor laws is no excuse for financial trouble — not in Circuil Judge Taylor Cox's court A petitioner, asking reduction in the amount of support payments to a wife and two children, pleaded thai because of ill health he could engage only in bootlegging and that the "nature of the law enforcement in the city and counly" denied him this means of livelihood. Unmoved, the judge refused to reduce the payments. Highlights of Churchill's Talk By The Associated Press Prime Minister Churchill, in his address before a joinl session of the United States. Senate and House of Representatives:— Pledged unstinted British participation in the war against Japan. Disclosed that he and President Roosevelt hope for an early meeting with Premier Stalin and Generalissmio Chiang Kai-Shek. Predicted that the submarine menace will be overcome — but conceded the gravity of its threat today. Said of Japan's cities and war industries: "In ashes they must surely lie before peace comes to the world." Foresaw "heavier work ahead, not only in Europe but in the Pacific and Indian theaters." Churchill said ]7 months had passed since he addressed Congress Ihe firsl time and for more than 500 days since, the Allies have ballled shoulder lo shoulder against a mighty enemy and acted in close concert in many parts of the world. He counted il a "high mark" in his life, he asserted, to be invited to come back before the American legislature. He said "there is nothing more important for the future of the world than fraternal association." The British, he declared, have as much interesj. in retrieving Allied possessions losl to the Japanese in the Pacific as the United Stales. He described the fall of Singapore as the greatesl — or al any rale Ihe largest — military disas- (Conlinued on Page Two) Japanese Send Heavy Force to Bomb Wau By The Associated Press In the last four days, GPU. Douglas MacArlhur's headquarters announced, the Japanese have seiil 102 planes to attack Wan, including 25 bomb-carrying Zeros yesterday. In addition, 64 Japanese most advanced Allied position at Bodbdubi, only fvic miles from Siflamaua. Meanwhile, Gen. MacArlhur's bombers raked seven Japanese bases in widespread sweeps yes- lerday, attacking Rnbaul, Gasma- ta, Araw and Cape Gloucester, in New Britain; Lae and Finschhaf- en, in New Guinea; and Lorengau in the Admiralty Islands. On the Burma front, land fighl- ing was marked by small skirmishes in which British thoops killed 23 Japanese, while in the skies RAF bombers and fighters hammered enemy water transport along the Bay of Bengal coasl from the Mayu rver to Sandoway and pounded other targets inland. The scale of RAF operations indicated that the British were striving to prevent the Japanese from moving up troops and supplies for an invasion of India before the arrival of the monsoon rains. Japanese vanguards are now only about 1.0 miles from the Burma-India frontier. structures destroyed. Bomb-carrying 0-40 Warhawks led the attack, making the 45 mile sea hop to blast the airdrome, scoring direct hits on the barraks blowing up a large transport plane and the,-, leaving the administration building aflame from a strafing attack. The B-25 Mitchells hit the docks and jellies as well as 12 lo 15 small crafl in Ihe harbor and a number of gun positions. The Lightnings then joined the sweep of destruction, hitting a seagoing barge and three gunposts on the coasl. A second formation of Mitchells and B-26 Marauders completed the attack by bombing the town and harbor while the target area was being swept by flames. The Fortresses encountered bad weather over Sicily, but their crews found a hole in the clouds over Trapani and were able to drop bombs in the middle of a concentration of six ships, one of which exploded, and on the railroad yards where fierce fires burst out. Numerous explosions also were seen in the town. Twenty - fvie Messerschmitls and Focke - Wulfs attacked the Fortresses as they were leaving, and in a running fight over the Sicilian straits escorting Lighlimgs shot down five of the enemy while the Fortresses got another. Malta's intruder planes also were over Sicily last night attacking factories, railway installalions and other targets and leaving locomotives belching steam over Caltanissetta in the central part of the island. Of the 267,000 Axis prisoners taken since the British Eighth Army began the attack that broke through the Mareth line, 224,000 were captured within the period of May 5 - May 18 when United States .British and French troops began the terrific assault that suddenly cracked the enemy lines before Tunis and Bizerte and sent Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim's disorganized units fleeing toward Cap Bon. Official sources said the exact number of Italians and Germans among the prisoners wag not yet available, nor were estimates given of the immense quanjtyies of enemy war materials captured or destroyed. London, May 19 (/P) The roar f a large formation of planes iver the English channel this af- ernoon signalled the continuation f the Allied aerial war on the ight activity by the RAF. The strong force swept over the Straits in a southeasterly direction toward Boulogne and Cap Gri Nez, riding high in the haze. Flood waters from the rapidly emptying Mohne and Eder reser voirs in Germany, breached ii Sunday night's spectacular aeria mining, continued to spread devas- .alion and paralysis in Germany's Ruhr and Weser industrial areas as the offensive entered its eighth day of round-the-clock activily. (NBC said in a broadcast from London thai it was reported there a mine dropped by the RAF in a large reservoir six miles south of the Mohne dam had starled seepage which Ihrealened further damage. • (Don Hollenbeck, NBC reporter in London making the broadcast, said it was indicated that frantic efforts were being made by German engineers to halt the seepage before the weight of water .ploughed through the incipient break.) Overnight targets of long - range British fighters and bombers in- Eluded a score of rail and water objectives on the strained Axis transport system, the ministry news service said. Bostons, Beaufighters and Mos- quiloes made up the attacking forces for the moonlight forays, aimd at St. Fengers, Port Fraton Saumur, Angers, Nantes and other points in occupied terrilory Barge's were shot up near Les AJidelys on the Seine... One Canadian pilot reported he hit five trains in a four - hour period. News of the Sunday night dam- bursting exploit, however, continued lo make Ihe headlines as examination of reconnaissance pictures taken yesterday showed floodtides rushing through the Middle Ruhr toward Duisburg and beyond Kassel in the Weser valley. (Continued on Page Two) Coastline of Dutch Hard to Fortify •Mtinuli GERMANY || BOMBED fly AXIS TUNISIA fl'AN I triU'lA^SIOLY;.:;: Retreat Toward: Last Ditch Stall Washington, May 19— (/f) —Amer?' ican pincers have closed their tra{>, around Japanese positions on Attu^j island, the Navy reported today*?* and at least a part of the enemyf troops are in retreat toward a last* ditch stand. '* ± Navy communique number^ ,,383j said: - '"•* "North Pacific: "1. On May 18th: "(A) During the morning, ed States forces working inland^ from Holtz Bay on Attu islandP were in possession of the high ridgeS southeast of Holtz Bay 1 , and United States troops from the- Ma$-" sacre Bay area were advancing northward. *<••/ ~ r Today's war map shows where the Allies blast Axis Europe in one of the heaviest weekends-of warm striking fr England and Africa/Nazis bomb London heaviest since February. ' BY MAX HILL New York, May 19 — (/P)- Hol- Dried egg production in 194? was 139 million pounds. land's long and low and sand coastline presents tremendous difficulties to the Germans who are trying to fortify it against the possibility of invasion by the United Nations. Arid the same natural factors which are thwarting the Germans and the thousands of Dutch the work also against any ending force. In the opinion of a young Dutch lieutenant who was active before the war in building what wn!N2w*lyooJternithY,k A o—9 coast defenses the Dutch had. His identy cannot be disclosed because his father and mother still are in Holland and prisoners of the Nazis. "Why in 1941," he said, , "just before the invasion, we had only one pill box every ten miles along the coast. They were connected by field telephones. They were all built in sand and had to be cleaned out every day. The wind blows hard along the coast and fills the holes up. It comes in from the channel. "Every pill box had to have a thick ground plate of granite with 36 pillars to support it. We used 3.6 centimeter guns, and I'm sure even a near bomb hit would knock the base offbalance making the gun useless." It is three years since the Germans over-ran Holland; and they still are trying to fortify the coastline, where the ground is all sand or clay. "Take the Hague," said the lieutenant. "All they can do is make a little hole in the ground. And the first bomb or artillery fire knocks the base out of kilter. "Any pill boxes they have along the entire coast — it must be some 250 miles in length — are sure to be small ones. You have to dig far down to hit solid ground. Allies Brace for Expected Jap Offensive Washington, May 19 — (/P) — American forces throughout the Pacific are braced for a possible Japanese counter stroke which may be attempted to offset their apparently losing battle to hold Altu island. Military and Naval experts here noted as of special significance today the fact that during the first week after the United States attack on the westernmost of the Aleiitains May 11 the Japanese fleet stayed safely away from the battle zone and no attempt was made to move in reinforcements. Since the battle may be lost in a few days, unless bad weather hampers American operations, Tokyo has little time to lose if it intends to follow the pattern of opposition laid down in the South Pacific when United States troops invaded Guadalcanal and northeastern New Guinea. The battles in those islands were marked by Japanese determination to hold their positions at all costs and as a result they spent ships, planes and men in campaigns which they could have had but the slenderest hope of winning. The Japanese High Command may still attempt to get reinforcements into Kiat which inveitably would precipitate a naval battle with American warships in that area or it may try a face-saving thrust in some other sector. Failure of the enemy command to make any sort of symphionus move to reinforce Attu could be regarded here, authorities said, as evidence that the strategists in Tokyo have at last concluded they no longer ca n afford to risk ships in defense of any but their most vital outposts. That the North Pacific fighting may follow such a course is suggested by the tone oof Japanese broadcasts about Attu. From the first they hav spoken of the overwhelming strength of the American attack forces and otherwise apparently tried to prepare their people for defeat. Washington has not (All dates ar«jl. * ' " St ever, that the enemy may be using such propaganda simply as a camouflage for his own intentions. First details on the acutal fighting on the island came from the Navy yesterday in two commun- iques and a press conference which revealed that Army troops, having landed at opposite points on the north and south sides of the eastern end of the island, are closing a trap o n the main Japanese positions at Holtz Bay. Nazi Airpower Hard Hit by Red Airforce By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 19 —(/P)— The telling blows dealt German air and supply bases during the past three weeks by Soviet arimen were reflected today in a front - line dispatch to Red Star, Army newspaper, which said: "The Germans have begun to shift their enforces from Crimean airdromes to reinforce their exhausted enforces." There was no elaboration in Red Star, but the Russians announced officially that they had destroyed 370 planes from May 9 to May 15. Russian pilots have downed 25 German planes over the front lines in the past three days, and German planes have attempted to raid Russian communications behind the Svesk front but their bombing has been ineffective, dispatch said. Land fighting has failed to keep step with the bitter aerial warfare although renewed activity was reported from the Kuban and Lisi- chansk areas. Northeast of Novorossisk in the Kuban, where the Germans have been counter - attacking for days in attempts to drive Red troops from the city's inner defenses, the Nazis lost a hundred dead in a futile attack last night. Fighting continued in the lower reaches of the Kuban river also, where Germans in rowboats attempted a crossing but lost four boats. References to the lower reaches of the Kuban meant the Russians were close to the Kerch Strait. Near Lisichansk on the Donets river below Kharkov the Russians captured a series of trenches after heavy artillery fire had prepared the way. The advances were made in the face of German attacks designed to prevent the Russians from consolidating positions gained last week when they established a new bridgehead on the west bank of the river. Artillery fire destroyed several German pill boxes in the Lisi- chansk area during the stiff battle, the mid - day communique said. Land fighting also was re- "(B) During the day, the Massa ere Bay force advanced up a pass" toward the Holtz Bay force, and advance patrols from the two*', forces joined. "(C) During the afternoon, pass was cleared of enemy ^troops'^ which withdrew toward Chichagof/* harbor, leaving only snipers be-'«. hind. ^._ "2. Several 3-inch anti - aircraft'.^ guns have been captured from the ?* enemy and are being used by troops. "South Pacific: longitude) "3. On May 17th, United States'; dive bombers attacked the Ja,pa| nese seaplane base at Rekata,y3aj on Santa Isabel! islatid." -'•"*"•" were not observed." The main enemy position dh^ lu island, Secretary Knox reported? to a press conference yesterday/ is at the southern end of Holtz Bay. A subordinate position is held by the Japanese at Chicagof Harbor which lies to the northeast ot Ihe Hollz Bay position and between*"! five and ten miles away. k" 1 The junction of American^ forces in the heights southeast ~*»™ Holtz Bay place the Japanese position where they are fighting' with their backs to sea and no choice except to make a stand,,] either at Holtz Bay or Chicagof Harbor. v '' The fact American troops hold these heights suggests, although battle reports so far haVe^ not indicated it, that the Japanese 5 '' 1 '! are in an untenable position there ?f and may be compelled to withdraw, 'jl The only place to which they; could then fall back, so far as is, known here, would be Chicagof' 4 'J Harbor. To prevent their becom- .J! ing too stiongly entrenched there/5 it seemed likely at least a of the Massacre Bay force would *^ strike out in that direction in pursuit Of the fleeing troops from the pass. Greyhound Allowed -•:' to Open New Line Little Rock, May 10 —yP)— Th^'corporation commission tod^ay' 1 granted Southwestern GreyhoupclJ Lines, Inc., temporary authority.*. to operale three round - trip bus 5 schedules daily between .Little'' Rock and Rordyce over U, S. $1~ for one year, Since Greyhound already has a •> permit to operate between El Pot rado and Fordyce, the order wU^ let the line vun a through service . between El Dorado and Little Rock. The Eagle Transportation Co, op- S erales between Little Rock and EJ * Dorado via Fordyce but the §u- -> prenie Court has ordered Eagle's "* Little Rock - Fordyce permit can- t celled and Eagle has sold its El n Dorado - ForSyce operating rights 1* to Greyhound. A beaver colony may persist for centuries. ported. In the Sevsk area where artillery dispersed and partly destroyed upwards of a battalion of Germans and snipers killed 110. No material changes were .-c- ported anywhere on the front. The German communique a.« broadcast by Berlin and recorded in London, said the Russians attacked on the Kuban bridgehead and in the area of Izyum after heavy artillery preparations. It said they were thrown back by a counter - thrust and that the Russians lost 15 tanks in one sector alone.) Former Spring Hill Man Dies Tuesday . John Yucum of Kilgore, Texas, formerly of Spring Hill, died Tues- _] day morning in a New Orleans hos- pitol. Funeral services will be held at the Spring Hill Baptist Church Thursday at 3 p. m. with internment at the Huckabee cemetery. Missouri Pacific Refurnishes Depot Hope's Missouri Pacific railroad station is being redecorated and. refurnished. The waiting room floor is to be recovered, and new furniture installed throughout. The rest rooms will be completely refin- I ished, including the building of t$$ floors.

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