Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 18, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 18, 1943
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> ^ The By/me of Dependability * Hope Star The Weather Arkansas: Scattered showers and thunderstorms this afternoon and tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 183 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Moons Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Attu Victory Believed Near ^Hp . .. ___ — K ^K Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN "- The Bombers Moke a Ten-Strike Jew Gets Even With Nazis In yesterday's headlines you read about Britain's Lancaster bombers destroying two great power dams in Germany—-prob- Guly the most critical blow ever struck by air power in this war. -O The bombers knocked out Ihe big 56 Seniors to Be Graduated Thursday Night Graduation exercises of Hope R|I School will be held Thursday I cessary. > it Jap U. S. Planes Hit Positions on Wake Island Washington, May 18 (/P). Army heavy bombers, ranging more than 1,000 miles from thcii )>Hse, attacked Japanese installa I'lJiis on Wake Island Saturday, the Navy reported today. Navy communique Number 3U7 said: "Central Pacific: •H. On May 15th, a force o /trmy Liberator (Consolidated B 24; heavy bombers attacked Jap;i ncse installations on Wake Island Bad weather prevented obscrv; lion of results. United Stale planes 'were engaged by 22 Japa tHiso Zero fighters of which tw were definitely destroyed and on additional was probably destroyed "South Pacific: (All dates at cast longitude). "2. On May 10th, during tl Scorning, Navy and Marine Corj Dauntless (Douglas SBD) ai Wildcat (Grumman F4F) fighter bombed and strafed Japanese I San stallations at Rekata Bay, Isabel island. ,,The Wake raid is the latest, of li'ng series of assaults ' on thai American island which began soon after Ihe enemy overwhelmed a heroic Marine garrison and captured it December 23, 1941. First, there was a task force ^sault under command of Admiral William E. Hulsey, Jr.. in February 1942. .Subsequently in June, December, and last January, the island was attacked by American bombers ilriking out from Midway, 1,050 nautical miles C the west. ms supplying power to the great dustrial valleys of Ihe Ruhr and cscr, and, as they were leaving, w the inevitable tidal wave flood own the valleys carrying evcry- ing before it. There is u grim note of revenge this morning's papers. The Brit h news agency Reuters reports lat a Jewish specialist exiled from lerlin and now working in Londci ocalcd the dams for the RAF anr uggestcd the raid. That's a partia ayoff for what the Nazi politician lave been doing to the Jews. And a material help to the Unitcc Nations along the road to Victory The Ruhr valley is all-important t he German war industry. You wil ccall that the earliest act of re rming-Gcrmany was lo march ml he Ruhr which had been dernil arizocl following World War 1 ant seize it in defiance of France an Great Britain. Germany did th. jceausc she had to have the Rul n order lo make the weapons ( war. Destruction of the hydro-elect r power units of the Ruhr is bound liurl Germany's munitions oulpi The Nazis have unlimited rcscrv of coal with which to generate oh; tricily, but you can't subslitu steam-generating plants for wale power without a long delay—anc time is the all-important clement this war. Incidentally, it is worth noli that the RAF's savage attack on t Ruhr is a true index lo jusl ho vulnerable Germany's Axis partn Italy is to air power. u Italy, unl 1 7:30 p. rn. in the high school QPA coupled its announcement idium. 1C the weather is not o f no point value changes with an 'avorable, the exercises will be held appeal to consumers to shop early the high school auditorium. Miss j i n the month, early in the week and early in the day in order lo re- eryl Henry will deliver the com enccment address. The program | duce slorc congestion. 11 be as follows: Processional—Senior Class. Invocation—Rev. H. B. Moore. "Star Spangled Banner—Sunn by udicnce, led by Mr. K. P. Young. America Victorious— •Birth of the United Slates of incrica: 177K-1783"—Hilda McEn- ,osh. "Brothers' B 1 o o d: 1898-189!)"— atsy Ann Campbell. "Protection of Cuba: 1898-1899" - George Ncwbern III, Saluta- orian. Reali/ation of the Need fo Germany, has lilllo or ho coal: It; Point Values on Foods Unchanged Washington, May 18 (/P)— Present point values of processed foods will remain unchanged, throughout May. . In announcing this last night, the' Office of Price Administration said the program now has "settled down lo an even keel," making mid- month changes such as were made in March and April — unnec- WLB to Stand Pat Against John L. Lewis Washington, May 18 (IP) With the threat of another production lie up dispelled until the end of May,, the War Labor Board met on the soft coal dispute today and:ap- World Federation 1!)I7-I!)1H" — parc nti y decided lo sland pa), on iillyc ,lames, Co-Valedictorian. 'Am I My Brother's Keeper'.'" X-rcmbor 7.'l!M I"- -Mary Ross Me '''adrlin, Co-Valedictorian. Songs-Thomas lloneyenU. Gilson toss. .lean Pierre Stanford. Way- Families Slow "Deportation of Workers London, May 18 —(/Pi— Laying ,'eir bodies across the tracks in front, of locomotives, the wives and daughters of Frenchmen drafted for German labor have almost halted the deporlalions to the Reich, Fcrnand Grenicr, former Cfmimmist deputy who has joined tne Fighting French, declared to- i day. I "The latest Vichy reports admit that between 50 and 80 per cent of the workers conscripted for Qermun factories failed lo go," he Grenicr gave a full account of activities of French guerrillas in the last three months and produced a sheaf of underground newspapers printed in France lo .'•cumenl his remarks. He said Ihe recently organized council of French resislance, embracing underground organizations, had disseminated an "invasion day" plan lo be sel in oper- ••'io n Ihe moment the Allies strike, ' The instructions include these seven points: 1.Notification that all separate resislance organizations have been unified under a central authorily from which orders for aclion will 2. Mobilization starts the in- slant the Allies land and "arms" will be supplied lo all at that moment." 3. All economic and industrial ac- {"vilics throughout France must be paralyzed by a general strike. 4. Should Vichy military or police forces attempt to hinder Allied or resistance operations "they must be killed forthwith or taken . nrisoner," '15.Prisons and jails must be opened, releasing political prisoners. C.A11 public buildings, including railway depols and radio stations, must be occupied immedaitcly. ' 7. All Vichy officials, regardless i of rank and funclion, must be replaced by known representalives of resislance pr spnsots nieveto-r euc the resistance parlies. 1 ! Grenier said the Council of Reit • Distance represents "no less than 'jl per cent" of all able-bodied men and women in France. "Never before in history has France known such unity," he as' I scried. . has lo import coal from Germany for household fuel. For industrial and war-plant power Italy depends almost entirely on hydro-electric plants—and the development of electric systems along the swif. mountain rivers of Italy is said to be the highest in the world. If the RAF can knock out the Ruhr valley dams it is pretty obvious lhal from our new North African bases British and American bombers can polish off Italy'-, FO!R supply of industrial power whenever Ihey name the day. its position thai John. L. Lewis must, recognize ils authorily. Holding that it shall be the-sole judge of issues unless Lewis -cap- Hulatcs and bargains under-WLB , auspices. ' the board has re mind Taylor, John Paul Urban, Drained operalions from ncgqlial- Charlcs West; accompanist, vir-1 jm , until lnc m j nc union chief , agrees to recognize its authorily •Only Yesterday, | u was nol cloar _ however, how the board would enforce this injunction if some of the operators decided to bargain wilh Lewis any- tificates— K. P. Young, President 01 j way Thc laUcr nas saU j i n New tnc Board of Education. York that he is ready to renew Announcements—.lames H. Jones. con lracl lalks, declining only lo Superintendent of Schools. Recessional. Members of the graduating class are Marjoric Jeneltc Anderson, Jack Brunei-. Nell Jean Byers, Clar-, - vcstcr d ay (he accusation encc Jesse Calhoun Patsy Atl " mal he is challenging Ihe sover Campbell, William Glen Cannon, j t f , hc gQVer nmcnf and giv- Mavy Carlcon Carr, Nancy Jo Co e- , b ^ ^ cbml6 ^ lb the'-enemy, man, Lillie Mae Collier, Nealia ^ho Ihree-man fact finding panel Almeria Cox. Victor Glcnwood whjch mct wRh lh(J board today ginia O'Neal. Class Address, incl Today—but Tomorrow! "—Miss Beryl Henry. Awarding of Diplomas and Cer- F.. P. Young, President of | recognize a board order thai he do Only 64 Saved When Japs Sink Hospital Ship —War in Pacific Allied Headquarters in Australia, May 18 —(/P)— The Australian hospital ship Centaur, brilliantly lighted and unmistakably marked, was torpedoed and sunk in flames by a Japanese submarnio off the coast of Australia last Friday with a loss of 299 lives. No warning whatever was given. The ship capszicd and sank within three minutes. Sixty-four of the 303 aboard, including only one of 12 women nurses, were saved. Forty-three of tlic crew of 73 and 245 Australian ai^d British medical staff men went down, most, of them trapped on a lower deck of the blazing ship. There were no Americans aboard. The ship, en route from Sydney to New Guinea, carried no patients. Survivors, crowded on madrv shift rafts in waters swarming with sharks, were picked up 36 hours after the Centaur went down. General Douglas MacArlhur expressed deep revulsion at the "limitless savagery" of the sinking. "The vcsslc was traveling unescorted and was fully illuminated and marked with the Red Cross and complying with all provisions of International Law governing hospital ships in lime of war," the announcement from his headquarters, said. "The weather was clear Oil Pipeline Broken by Flood Waters Little Rock, May 18 —f<P)-- The "Big Inch" pipeline running from Texas to Illinois to relieve the eastern seaboard oil shortage was broken today by the Arkansas river flood, War Eergencmy Pipelines, Inc., disclosed. First indication of a break was a drop in pressure at a testing station north of the river. A Civil Air Patrol plane took off immediately, and in 15 minutes an oil slick caused by the rupture had been spotted from the plane. WEP said it cut off the flow promptly. Extent of damage could not be ascertained immediately. A WEP spokesman said: "We've got some trouble there but we don't know how much. We aren't putting any pressure in the pipe for the time being." Main Ridge of Defense Taken by Americans ^F m A * fl • Predicts Veto of Ruml Skip Year Tax Plan so. Lewis's stand brought from the Marjoric Jeneltc Anderson, , dr 'terdctyac c a ESTHAROzh Brunei-, Nell Joan Bycrs, Car- vostorrfav the accusation British Subs Sink 6 Italian Vessels London, May 18 — (IP) — British submarines torpedoed and sank an Italian destroyer and at leasl five supply ships during a recent series of Mediterranean encounters, the admiralty announced today. The destroyer was sunk off north Sicily. Several other ships were dc clarcd damaged. Prowling near Palermo, Sicily, a submarine attacked a large supply vessel under a strong escort of destroyers, causing a heavy explos- sion. The destroyers' counterattacks prevented observation of full results, but an hour later Ihe destroyers were seen searching the area and there was no sign of the wounded enemy ship. ~ A medium and a small supply ship were torpedoed in the same area, and the smaller one was seen to sink. Another smal supply ship was sunk by gunfire in the Aegean sea, and an enemy submarine chaser was hit five times wtih deck guns before action was broken off, the communique said. Two small supply ships were destroyed off northern Sardinia, and the submarines then audaciously entered Porto Torres harbor and sank a medium sized supply vessel. The railway at Platamonc in the gulf of Thessalonike was bombarded by submarine gunfire, and hits also were scored on two small supply ships al anchor. In a running engagement in the western Mediterranean, another submarine was said to have scored several hits on an Kalian supply ship which ran to refuge in Spanish waters. Two Arkansas Boys Wounded in Africa Crainc, Dorothy Ruth Dndds, June Talmagc Duke, Kiln .lo Edmiiislon, Marilyn F.rwin, Helen Fore Garrett, ' Dinv.pl Kufus Graves. Ida Ophelia Hamilton, Frances Thclma H a r r o 1 1, Rose Marie Hendrix, Charles Cornelius Henry, Thomas Don Honeycutt, Austin Denver Hutson, Billyc Irene Jamc:;, Edna Virginia Keith, John Taylor Lascter, Arval Ernest May. Mary Ross McFaddin, Merrill lid ward McCloughan. Hilda Florence MclSn- losli. Hetty June Mrmls, Withers Mc- Alisler Moore, George Pierce New- bcm III. Claud Vc-rnon Nunn, Jr., Virginia Grace O'Neal, Gilbert Til- inon Osburn, Martha Lee Patterson, Billy Jo ReUig, Joyce Marie Rottig, Gils'un Raymond linss, Mary Violei Ross, Wanda f.ec liuggles, Howard Chester Sanford. Jean Pierre Stan forrl, Richard Ilrinkcrhoff Stanford Kalherine Crcwe Sterling, Lor raine Louise Sundberg, Dorothy Beatrice Taylor. Mary Belle Tay lor, Waymoiul Taylor, Mary Eh'z abeth Thompson, .Jackie Jean Tol leson, John Paul Urban, Charlo William Went, and Elizabeth Rhet Wiggins. 'Beat Japan First 7 May Be Feeler Move is drafting a report on which the WLB will base its ruling, expected before expiration of the Lewis - extended truce May 31. Some operators were reported ager to resume negolialions in 10 hope of terminating the ' dis- nile and having government .con- rol in their mines withdrawn. Secretary Ickes in a messcge o Lewis yesterday in his capacity s fuels administrator and boss of ic government operated mines nggested that assurance of con- inuod coal production would 1 open lie way for resumption of a col- Conlinued on Page Three Nazis Launch Offensive in Kuban Area Washington, May 18 W) The War Department made public today the names of Iwo Arkansas soldiers wounded in aclion in the North African area. The Arkansans were among 600 United States soldiers listed as wounded in the various war theaters. They were: Pvt. Henry C. Duncan, son of Mrs. Addie Duncan, Tichnor. Pfc. Thomas G. Middlcton. brother of Mrs. Pearl Rice, Route 1, Box 382, Blytheville. Washington, May II) —(/I 1 !— An idea thai a Senatorial appeal lo "beat Japan firsl" may have served as a sounding board for White House strategy sifted through the capilol today in the wake of a three - hour Senate row over diverting American military might to the Pacific. Senator Chandler (D-Ky.l, who started the wrangle with warnings that if Germany is beaten first the United States may count on little or no help from Britain or Russia to whip the Nipponese i acknowledged himself thai lie was "encouraged to make the speech." The Kenluckian declined to say from what source the encouragement came but he expressed belief that a decision may be forthcoming soon from the Roosevelt- Churchill war conferences pointing to a powerful American offensive against Japan. The president was disclosed last night to have told Premier Stalin of Russia lhal it is 'reasonable to expect further successes on both the eastern and western fronts," and to have expressed a hope to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek thai Allied forces will lake the initiative Moscow, May 18 —(IP)— The Kuban front flared into action'again today when German troops stole through the foresled hills and sprang upon Ihe Russians in a violent effort to regain important positions lost weeks ago. Latest Russian reports said that German infantry which allacked several limes supported by tanks, planes and artillery, was thrown back each lime with heavy losses. The German counlerallacks • arc- aimed at driving the Russians ! back from Ihe inner positions of Ihe Black Sea porl of Novorossisk From Ihe figures mentioned in dispalches il is obvious that the Kuban aclivily is hardly Ihe prelude lo the expected German summer offensive, bul it is the most vivid aclion on Ihe long Russian front in several days. The exact extenl of German losses in the new Kuban drive was nol slated, bul at. leasl 200 'were known lo have been killed and several lanks were deslroyed. Sharp fighling also was in progress al Lisichansk on Ihe Donets river front where recent tank and infantry engagement gave way to hot artillery duels. The big German guns were firing almost>nonstop in an effort to prevent^ the Russians from consolidating-, newly occupied positions on the. west and visibility was excellent." The torpedo hit at 4:10 while Ihe ship was 40 miles off Brisbane and mosl of those aboard were asleep below decks. The huge Red Crosses on its side had been nfcwly repainted in Sydney two days before and survivors said the vessel "was lit up to gjor;'." ,11 offered a perfecl target for the 'murderous atlack. Sister Eleanor Savage of Sydney was Ihe one woman survivor. Despite a blow in the face which gave her a black eye, she never complained and survivors said her fervent prayers did much to help keep up morale. It was only after the rescue that she mentioned a side .injury. Doctors found three rib's broken. Sister Savage said she and her cabinmate were awakened by a terrific explosion. They ran to the door and looked into the passageway. The ship already was afire. Donning lifejackcts over their pajamas, they leaped from the ship together. The other woman struck floating wreckage and was killed. "The sea was covered with oil which fortunately did not catch fire." Sister Savage said. "I am a good swimmer and gol to Ihe raft.' One of the men gave me his over- coal which 1 shared with a sixteen- year-old cabin boy. "The firsl Ihing I did when I heard and fell Ihe explosion and knew we were torpedoed was to pray and we said many prayers while wailing for rescue." Frank Davidson, ship's butcher from Sydney, said ho saw a great Washington, May 18—(fl 3 )—Speaker Hay burn (D-Tex.) predicted flatly today that President Roosevelt, will veto the modified Ruml bill if House'Republicans are successful in sending the Senate-approved skip-a-year income tax measure lo Ihe While House. The Republicans confidehlly opened their drive for final passage of Ihe long - embattled legis lation, wilh a vole expected 'in early afternoon. Rayburn, . however, told newspapermen he -'be Moved the modified Ruml ' plan would be beaten in Ihe House .for the third time. • To impartial observers it ap paared to be a toss - up on the Allies Continue Pre-lnvasion Air Offensive London, May 18 — (IP)— . British bombers, returning again last night to the air offensive on Europe, attacked targets in southern Germany. Fighters swept northern France and Belgium and coastal aircraft damaged five i ships in an enemy convoy, it was announced officially today. The coastal command planes attacked a convoy off the Dutch | coast which was initially attacked | by Beaufighters yesterday. Two of the supply ships in a convoy of eight merchantmen and three es- —Washington By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, May 18 ((P) — American forces have captured a ridge which apparently is the main Japanese defense position, on Attu island, Secretary of the Navy Knox announced today. United Stales troops advancing north and south across the eastern neck of the island, Knox said; have been brought very close together by this victory if they have not actually joined. The operation against the ridge apparently climaxes the first phase of the campaign for this island in the Aleutians and Knox reported, to a press conference that despite stubborn resistance so far "our casualties are much lighter than had been expected." The Army troops on the island, the secretary added, have the full final winner struggle. in the bitte^ ,. p.arty cort vessels were left sinking and were seen to be abandoned by their crews, it was stated. Axis radios on the continent began going from the air Ihis morning, indicaling that Allied air, raiders were continuing to blast European strongholds by daylight. First to go silent was that at Calais. The largels in Germany . were not immediately named. The new attacks were a continuation of the smashing Allied aerial offensive of the night before in which two of Germany's largest dams were preached and devastating floods loosed, and Ihe daylight attack of ' U. S. bombers yesterday against I Lorient, Bordeaux and the U-boat base of Keroman,, ....:->;- ; . , .. • . : Ah Allied headquarters commu- Washington, May 18 — (£•)— Undaunted by the threat of presiden tial veto, Republicans marshaled all their power today for a final House drive to send the Senate- approved skip-a-year income tax bill to the White House. Backing his part leaders in their battle against the legislation^ President R o o s e v.e l.t informed Capitol Hill late yesterday that he nould not.acquiesce "ir» the elimination of a whole year's tax burden in the upper income groups during the war period." House Republican Leader Martin, of Massachusetts, immediately charged the president was interfering with Congress, and announced the executive's action would not nique announcing that Alghero in Sardinia was bombed again last night indicated that the air offensive was also being carried on re- mass of men struggling futilcly to force their way up from a lower deck through the debris - blocked hatches. He could hear them screaming for help us he jumped from the ship. Before leaving the Centaur Continued on Page Three Mediterranean Islands Bombed Relentlessly By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 18 —iff)— Carrying on an unrelenting attack on Italy's I Mediterranean islands, Allied Air Force Wellingtons of the RAF bombed the air field and port of Alghero on the west coast of Sardinia last night. Bomb bursts were seen in the town and port areas and one large fire in the center of the town ap pared to be spreading beyond control, pilots said. The Wellingtons topped off their raid by machine gunning the tar[ gets from low altitude. Bright moonlight which made it possible for the Wellingtons to conduct a raid under conditions al- jut today, apparently without caus- 1 most as good as daylight on the ing aseriotus break in ,the strained outskirts of Rome the night before, Continued on Page Three Levees Hold As Crest Reaches Pine Bluff Little Rock, May 18 (/P)— The Arkansas river flood reached a crest of 32.6 feet at Pine Bluff support of warships standing off to sea and planes operating from American bases to the eastward whenever weather permits. Capture of the important height, while its significance awaited further military developments to be fully . measurable,, may have brought the Attu campaign to.the •point where little more remains to be done than mopping up.' Knox's report on the Attu. fighting, which began a week ago with an American invasion of the U. S. island which the enemy had held since last June, was made only about an hour after the Navy had issued its first detailed communi- que on this initial stroke to smash the Japanese hold on' the western- ^ levees. Sandboils and small cracks in the Tucker Lake dike just above the city sent a trickling current again aided the bombers and they did some of their strafing from as low as 200 feet. One pilot had to veer sharply to avoid a church against Japan in Asia future." Those developments •in the near followed a Navy report of new American submarine successes in the Pacific, and indications that the Attu island phase of the battle toward driving the Japanese out. of the Alcu tians may be proceeding toward a swift cleanup. President Roosevelt's messages (Continued on Page Three) bank of the river below Kharkov. Three hundred Germans- -were reported killed or wounded when an infantry battalion and six tanks jutted against the Russians on .he front northwest of Moscow,In air attacks, the Nazis lost 27 planes during a two-day raid on .he Schigry district between Kursk and Voronezh, northeast of Khar- kov, it was reported. Military observers consider the attacks may indicate a possbile point where ihe Germans intend to loose an offensive. (A German broadcast heard toy Reuters in London said the Russians were moving large striking forces Into position in the Kuban, near Leningrad and southwest of Moscow.) (Continued on Page Three) 80~,oo6TTs. Casualties in 17 Months Washington, May. 18 —(/I 1 )— The names of an estimated 5.000 casualties of the last four weeks of the Tunisian campaign are expected to be added officially to the total of more than 80,000 battle casualties of the first 17 months of the war. Officers, counting the reports of the Army's men killed, wounded and missing in the last month's successful drive against the Germans in Tunisia, said indications pointed to a total of approximately 5,000 casualties for the month. The Navy, meanwhile, has announced a total of 23,955 casualties since the beginning of the war in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, of whom 7,218 were killed, 4,683 wounded, and 12,054 missing. Army casualties reported through May 7 totaled 56,942, of which 6,076 were killed, 12,27 wounded, 24,345 missing, and 14,244 reported prisoners. Most of the 14,244 prisoners and 24,345 missing were lost in the Philippines. Merchant MX urine casualties since September 1941 were reported by the Navy to total 4,455. through some 30 blocks of the ctiy steeple, he said. and 300 families were evacuated Photographs taken during the precautionary move. Tempor- Flying Fortress attack on Cagliari, Sardinia, on May 13, showed the freight ards, gasworks, the oil storage area and dock installations smashed up, air spokesmen said. In routine patrols, the only other air activity reported by today's communique, a single Beaufighter encountered two Junkers 52 transports yesterday off the coast of Sardinia and shot down both of them. None of the occupants of the big transports was seen to escape as they plunged into the sea. In another encounter a Beau ary setback levees of sandbags, thrown up by soldiers, seemed to have the small breaks under control. State, city and military author! tics at Fort Smith, where the flood did its greatest damage, tackle another big emergency task, con struction of a $50,000 two-lane high way trestle and pipeline support across flooded lowlands separating Fort Smith from the Van Buren bridge. Camp Chaffee troops over the week-end spanned the gap with a fighter knocked down a Heinkel-111 pontoon bridge carrying two small and a JunkersSS Sunday night, water conduits but these brought The attack was so fierce and sud- in only 3,000,000 gallons daily while den that oilier German planes be- the city and camp normally con- gan shooting at one another, the sumc 7,000,000 gallons. The main pilot reported. conduil was broken by Ihe flood last week. A third temporary line was to be laid on the pontons today and engineers said Ihe new trestle would be completed within ten days or two weeks. Red Cross workers set up rehabilitation headquarters in tc n lo- calilies along Ihe river valley. HEARING RESCHEDULED Little Rock. May 18 —HP)— The Corporation Commission re-scheduled today for 10 a.m. May 25 a hearing on proposed revision of uniform truck - load freight rates for common carriers. The hearing originally was scheduled for May 13 but was postponed at the requset of western Arkansas interests because of the high water. I was sorry I couldn'l see the result of their efforts but they couldn't have done themselves any good," he said. Intruder planes from Malta attacked shipping, railways and roads in southern Italy last night, a British communique from the island said. A locomotive was exploded. Fighters strafed a tank landing crafl filled with troops at the easl ern Sicilain port of Augusta, selling a fire al Ihe stern. Naval squadrons pounded Porto Empedn- cle in southern Sicily last night, firing a power slalion and bomb ing a railway and nearby buildings, the war bullelin added. No Allied aircraft were losi in the operations, a communique said. .._^ •'*<•*.•$. One paragraph in Ihe communi-.^ i que said that the America n forces'', V V were advancing against "stubborn enemy resistance from numerous ' machine gun nests" and that the enemy troops had "entrenched themselves along a rocky ridge." As soon as newsmen gathered in his office, Knox noted that the communique had been issued, ahd said " we now have word that our troops have captured that ridge i and have driven the enemy 6ut— we are now in possession of the ridge." The extent of enemy resistance from now on appeared to' depend on whether the Japanese troop> which held the ridge had retreated to new and less favorabl positions or whether Ihey were killed or caplured. The ridge rims along Ihe main Axis of Attu island in an east and west direction. To the north of the ridge is Holtz Bay and to the south is Massacre Bay. One of >the American landings was made at Holtz Bay and the other at Massacre Bay. The pincers began to close hi from the two initial beachheads and Knox said it was his understanding that the main enemy defense force in Ihe region south of Hollz Bay was smashed by the Massacre Bay landing expecdition, which he described as the main American force. Navy communique No. 386 said: "North Pacific: "1. The military situation iur-v • permits the announcement of some, of the details of the landing of United Stales forces on Altu island on May llth. (Previously announced in Navy Department com- munique Number 376.) "2. The occupation began with scouting parties landing at Blind Cove, Holtz Bay, located at the northeastern end of Attu. Main landings of Untied States troops were effected at Iwo points: fl) in the Holtz Bay area, and (2) at Massacre Bay, located at the southeastern end of Attu. "3. The landings were made under the cover of United States Naval surface forces, which bombarded enemy installations in both areas, and United States Army planes, which attacked enemy positions in the vicinity of Chicago Harbor. "4. Both groups of United States troops advanced inland, encountering stubborn en c in y resistance from numerous machine gun nests. Japanese forces on the island have entrenched themsleves along a rocky ridge. "5. In spite of unfavorable weather conditions. United Stales Army planes have carried out several bombing and strafing attacks since the initial landings were made. Our troops have established their positions on the island and operations against the enemy are continuing." The western red squirrel can jump 100 feet from tree to tree. Advertising was used to sell goods in Babylonian times.

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