Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 15, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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]"hf? Byline of Dependob///ty Hope p/DLUME 44— NUMBER 181 Stor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929, Star The Weather Arkansas — Showers and local thunderstorms in west and north portions today and tonight; little temperature change tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS/ SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise .Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Headway Made by Yanks I—V —— . .——— : ; . _—_ a Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Italian Ports Get Taste of Allied Airpower —Africa Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 15 —(/I 1 )— Flying Forl- rr^sses made a heavy allack ycs- lerday on Ihc Kalian porl of Civ- ilavccchia, 40 miles northwest of Rome, scoring direct hits on several ships in the harbor and on fuel slot-ages and causing an ammunition dump to explode, Gen. D. Eisenhower's headquarters announced loday. A simultaneous allack by medium bombers on the Sardinian porl of Olbia rcsullcd in three ships being sunk and others, including a l|"-gc tanker, being severely dam- ailed, the communique said. Hits also were scored on Ihe docks and the industrial area of the porl. At the same lime fighlcr • bomb I ers swept over Ihe northern part | of Sardinia, bombing and strafing tit; airfield and port of Alghoro and the harbor of Porto Torres | and vital points on the railroad. These dayight forays against the strategic island of Sardinia | and one of Ihe stepping stones lo I&jropCphfqllowcd an assault Thurs Our Toughest Enemy, Japan Wanted: A Permanent Foreign Policy You who read "Guadalcanal Diary," concluding in today's edition, found it an exciting adventure at arms. But on second thought you recognized it as the familiar example of American fighting men making good the mistakes of the American people. - * •© It is obvious today lhal what we pcrmilled to happen in Ihc Oricnl is a major blunder of foreign policy. Americans maintain an individual aloofness from all things British, ycl Ihc truth is lhal Great Britain lias always maintained a realistic and for the most part successful policy toward Europe. Britain pursued the theory that a, "balance of power" divided between more than one strong nation would keep Ihc peace of Europe. Britain's theory broke down only after centuries, of success, when Germany finally became too stoul. Pilled against Ihc Brilish record in Europe, our own American policy in Ihc Pacific seems amateurish, aimless, incompetent. We claimed the Pacific as our own, therefore must admit responsibility for it—yet for nearly a century we pcrmilled, and actually encouraged, Japan to grow up as the sole strong power of the Orient Had the Brilish been handling Ihc Pacific Ihcy would undoubtedly have applied their European 'balance of power" policy, and, foi every aid extended Japan woulc have given equal help to some other power, obviously China. Then, in any crisis, the while man could have made his choice between cither of two allies, and, joining one, defeated the olhor in baltlc. The truth is, America needs a permanent foreign policy—and nowhere needs it as badly as in Ihc Orient We come to Ihc realization lhat this is a matter which only government can solve. Business can'l solve il, Business goes where Ihe immediate profil is. Our people dealt heavily with Japan, and but lilllc with China, because Japan had a stable government under which private business dealings were secure and more or less permanent. So private American business involuntarily made Japan rich, and helped raise up an enemy for our country . You can not blam business. It is foolish to blame a hungry dog for seizing a bone. Private citizens can not be expected to sec beyond Ihcir own immediate future, down the long corridor of the years, to Ihc fulurc safely of Ihc nation. That is the duty of government Let us understand, then, that for the future we must have .a permanent policy in the Pacific, unchanging from one party government to another, whether Democratic, Republican or whal-nol. And the firsl point in thai foreign policy is a point borrowed from ancient and successful British foreign policy: Never let one nation become the unchallenged top-dog of the Orient. In so vast a territory there is room for several nations—and in diversity there may be occasional fights bul seldom a worldwide war. Arkansas Flood Is Believed Under Control Little Rock, May ID —(/P)— The Army's internal security officer for Arkansas expressed belief, today that the greatest Arkansas river flood in history was under control in the Little Rock area. The officer, Col. Charles F. Johnson, commander of the Fourth District of the Eighth Service Command, said the Vicksburg District engineers informed him no great damage was anticipiitcd between Pine Bluff nand the Mississippi river. "It appears lhal the situation (in the Little Rock area) is getting well under control," he said. "With the troops on hand. the situa- lion can be handled satisfactorily." The soldiers and vest quantities of engineering equipment were bulwarking levees between here Kurope dTiy fli y flight by Iho RAF's Welling- tons and a daylight allack yesterday by U. S: bombers against | Cagliari, in the southern parl of the island, and a blow by the RAF's heavy boinbers on Mcssi- te. Sicily. Meanwhile, Cairo dispatches re- I ported the repealed 100 - bomber | raids on Ihc liltle forlress island of Pantelleria off Cap Bon, Tunisia, and a shattering naval bombardment apparently had knocked out I that base's lone air field. .Allied pilots said no enemy craft h^d been seen on Ihc airdrome rc- cenlly, and apparently tjic Axis had I ceased air operations there, ,.Two Allied planes were lost in t(.i Ihcso bomber assaults on Sardinia, Sicily and the Italian main- I land, the communique said. The official bulletin in recount- ling Allied naval operations off the | Tunisian coast, said four enemy irtorchanl ships, an Italian destroyer, three small tramp steamers, a transport barge, a small fishing vessel and numerous small boats, most of them attempting to carry (loops in an evacuation, were | swik "during the critical period of '.£ril 30 to May 12." Some 4UO men, including a Gcr | man general, were made prisoner, the communique said. In a message to his ships, Ad| miral Sir Andiew Browne Cunning- Brit isn commander in chief , of Allied naval operations in the Mediterranean, said "it was a tribule to them lhal even in lh<? desperale circustances in which the enemy found themselves no I r,eal effort was made lo evacuate sea, and lhal the few who I made the allempt were soon inter | copied by thips on patrol." (The Gei man radio in a broad| east attributed lo the International Information Bureau, a propa- Sinda agency, claimed loday Ihe erman dcslroyer Hermes, for- I nierly a unit of the Greek Navy, had sunk the British submarine Splendid in the Mediterranean. [&rm of Coincidence In the Women'Ss Army Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. —(/!')— I Coincidence has maintuined a close I relationship bclwecn two WAACs |jt£lioncd at the Third Training I tenter here. Marie Cambridge of Woodside, I L. I., and Winifred Anderso,-, of Haledon, N. J., worked together in a New York insurance broker] age office. They enlisted in the C'AAC together, received their I orders lo report lo Ihc center I here the same day. They were assigned to the same I company and the same barracks. I After completing basic training, i-ux. Anderson was made an assistant to Ihc chaplains and Aux. I Cambridge went lo work in the | classification office. A week later, the chief of chap- J lains asked for another assistant I Now Auxiliaries Anderson and Mjambridgc are working together I ag^in, this time in Ihe chaplains.' office. Today's War Japs Lose 125 Of 300 Planes In Pacific Allied Headquarters In Australia May 15 — (/P) — Japan has paid the staggering price of 125 planes shot down or badly damaged out of slightly more than 300 risked in large scale raids in the Southwest Pacific since April 11. On that date, the enemy air force opened anerratie outburst of mass attacks by sending 45 planes against Oro Bay, New G u i n c a, losing 23. Yesterday 45 m o r e planes attacked that same Allied base 50 miles below Buna on the Papuan peninsula. Today's com- munique reported 16 planes were shot down for certain and s i x others probably destroyed. In between those dates, the Japa nese struck with 105 planes on April 12 at Port Moresby, New Guinea, losing 37; sent upwards o 100 planes against Milne Bay New Guinea, on April 14, losing 30; and 01 planes against a Dai- win, Australia, airdrome May 2 losing 13. The enemy's losses exceed 35 pe cent ol the planes used — f u i above the Allied formula that raid on Axis - controlled Europe is a success if losses arc undej 10 per cent. In the Soulhwcslon Pacific theater, Allied losses re ported for similar raids have beei far under the 10 p<r cent formula Despite Uie fury of battle ove Oro Bay yesterday morning, Alliec plane losses were described a mi nor and there was not a single fa tality. Of the Japanese attacking force of 20 bombers and 25 fight Continued on Page Four) and Pine Bluff, Th flood, expected to crest here at 30 feet late tomorrow, was receding rapily from the stale's western counties where it surpassed all known stages with a Range of 41.7 feet Wednesday at Fort Smith. In Oklahoma, where the flood caused probbaly 15 deaths and left al leasl nine persons missing, lowland dwellers were returning to their homes Camp Grubcr, Okla., soldiers withdrew from the flood zone, abandoning hope for six soldiers and three civilians who were lost when a boat capsized. U. S. engineers, who earlier expressed fear that all primary levees between here and Fort Smith would be made incffcclivc, announced lasl ( night they apparently were winning the'fight.to save three dikes in neighboring Faqlk- ner and Parry counties. The engineers estimated the Arkansas had inundated 012,000 acres — most of which were in cullivaloin and lhal the White, St. Francis and Ihulr tributaries had Hooded another 5311,000 acres. Relief officials credited war- born prosperity with reducing sharply the number of refugees seeking food and shelter. They said only a few hundred of the thousands left homeless had turned to the Red Cross for help. "It is a very remarkable showing", Albert Evans, Red Cross disaster relief director, said. "The iclims arc boiler able to support licmsclves temporarily and their datives and neighbors, in better inancial condition, arc shouldcr- ng the burden almost entirely." The Fort Smith - Camp Chatfee omcstic water supply problem re- naincd acute but the commander f the engineer battalion assigned o restore the city's broken mains )rcdictcd emergency connoclions vould be functioning tomorrow, city had only a normal two lay supply on hand Thursday light but its use was restricted harply and was expected to suf- icc until about Thursday. The 27 - inch mains, slung under he Fort Smith — Van Buren jridgo, were washed out ,by the 'lood. The 125th engineers undei he command of LI. Col. , Dear Swift from Camp Chaffce were assigned to make new connections. The troops were extending ponton sections across the riccr alongside he bridge to support an eight nch emergency pipeline conncct- ng with the main lines from an Dzark. lake. This ballalion had jcen on continuous rescue duly for >5 hours before receiving the pipeline assignment, Gov. Homer M. Adkins announced that losses to highways were under water last night and at least three others were expect- ATTU ALEUTIAN ISLANDS Kodiol And Dutch Harbor rfanot U Kiel Is Target 01 Latest U.S. European Raid Tokyo ALEUTIAN ^ Pacific Ocean —Europe (NEA Telcmop) Closeup of Attu-Amchitka-Area shows the distances from U. S. bases. The Pacific mop, bottom, shows the relation of Attu Island to Japan, Kuriles and Dutch harbor. Pair of Calico Pants Saves Lives of Fliers Pearl Harbor (Correspondence of the Associalcd Press) Ten American flying men long rcport- cd dead — nine from a wrecked Army Flying Fortress and a Na'yy stray picked up on their wandcr- ngs relumed from Ihc wastes cd lo go under loday. Baccalaureate at Saenger on Sunday The Hope High School Commence mcnt exercises will be held al the Saenger theater Sunday morning at 11:15 o'clock, with the Rev. Thomas Brcwstcr, pastor of the First Presbylcran Church, delivering the sermon. The public is invited. The program follows: Processional—Junior and Senior class. Invocation—Rev. R. B. Moore. Prayer—Rev. Millard Bi-aggclt. Scripture reading—Rev. Mooro. Announcements. Solo—Mrs. C. P. Witscl. Sermon, "A Young Man's Call lo Service," Rev. Brewslcr, Song—Congregalion. Benediction and Doxology—Rev. Braggett. Specimens of Douglas fir trees have been found in Canada which of the South Pacific because one of their number was quick - willed enough lo offer a naliyc out - rigger sailor a new pair of calico pants. The Army men had wandered for G8 days after their bomber was shol down al sea Feb. 9, and Ihcir Navy companion was encountered five months after his plane was lost. The fortress fbughl off eight Japanese Zeros in a raid on an enemy- held island north of the Solomons. Lieut, Balfour Gibson, 28, Berkele, Calif., bombardier of the fortress, first convinced "Bones", Ijic nalive sailor,,lhal il was worth hjis while to undertake the sailing trip in an open boat to the nearest Allied base, and promised him a pair of calico pants — without holes in llvem — to replace the ragged garment he wore. The other nine were: "• Maj. (Then Capt.) Thos. J Classen, 24, pilol of Ihe Fortress of Wcsl DC Pcre, Wis., Lieut. Er- nesl J. Ruiz, 24 co-uilolt, Sanla Barbara, Calif.; Lieut. Robert J Dorwart, 24, navigator, Seattle; Master Scrgl. Donald O. Martin 25, engineer, Chicago; Tech. Sergt Robert J. Turnbull, 27, rear gun nor, San Antonio, Tex.; Tech Serijt. Jim H. Hunt, 22, radio man Effingham, 111.; Tech. Sergl. Wil liam H. Nichols, 25, Kaiser,'Ark. and Navy Radio Man D. D. Wiley ho lold the Army airmen he livec in southwest Iowa, but mentionec 10 town. Classen was struck in Ihe moutl when the bomber was shot down He said the Japanese Zeroes were engaged for 350 miles with twc Zeroes shol down and Iwo prob ablcs scored. The crew barely managed I lash together two rubber life rafl and driflcd for days. There wa plenty of rain and so there wa enough drinking water but fooo 1 ran short and raw shark meat was not too welcome. Jusl before darkness on the, 15th day they heard the roar of surf on a coral reef and sighled land. At dawn Ihcy were ashore. Lieut. Dorwarl said the nalivcs carried clubs bul lhal Wiley had won their confidence and they were friendly to the while rncn. Their canoe capsized on Ihcir firsl altompt to leave the island and il took them two weeks lo gel under way again four An^cri- cans and Bones. They were guided by a 51.50 compass. One dawn they woke up to fjnd their canoe two miles off Ihc pow- urc believed tu be jnpru lhan years old. 700 erfull Japanese base of Kicta on Bougainville Island. "Bul we had some fanlastically good luck," Dorwarl said. "A storm blew up in no time al all. It blotted out the island. We got up a small sail. By night we were GO miles nearer safety." Finally they made contacl with American forces. In 1939 the United States bought 51.600,000 pounds of raw silk from Churchill and FDR Discuss Post War Plan Washington, May 15 —(/P)—Prime Minister Churchill's first speech n his current visit to the United Hates gave rise lo speculation today lhat he and President Roosc- •ell might be conferring on posl- var plans LS well as fresh mili- ary drives. As the two United Nations leaders started their fifth day of strategy sessions, some attention turned Of the • primp minister's promise hat the lime is approaching when Europe will be invaded. But even more inlcresl was •iroused by another assertion in his •adio address from the White louse ycslerday — that he and \tr. Roosevelt are planning "well ahead" of Army advances. The post - war planning phase as strengthened by his statement that battlefield victories are not conclusive, that even the final victory "will only open a new and nappier field of valiant endeavor." The British leader's 15 - minute address commemorated the third anniversary of the formation of the British Home Guard and was directed largely to the nearly 2,000,000 Englishmen who combine civilian tasks with protecting their nation against invasion. He praised their work and told them not lo diminish their vigilance against a Nazi invasion in force, warning that "until Hitler and Htilcrism are beaten into unconditional surrender, the danger of invasion will never pass away." Soon after he spoke, the prime minister and the president met with their full military and naval staffs for the second major conference since the British leader arrived last Tuesday. Addilional delails on the prime minister's third visit to wartime Washington came to light lasl night through the Brilish Information Service. It said his voyage here by boat and train was largely uneventful, and that Harry L. Hopkins, presidential special assistant, and other high officials welcomed him at the dock on behalf of the president. Rubber Men Act to Slow Down Bombers Akron, O. —I/I')— Although most aeronautical attention is focussed on attaining increase speed engineers here arc pushing research on how lo slow down and stop planes once they touch the ground. Already, they say, brakes operating on the "expander tube" principle give American planes a greater degree of slopping power than ever approached in other vehicles. Extraordinary stopping power is needed for bombers, says R. J. Keller, brake engineer at B. F. Goodrich, because few landing fields can accommodate evc n relatively short-run stops. Here's A House That Wonts Kids London, May 15 — (/P)— A 'four- ply sweep by American bombers yesterday in the greatesl force they have muslered in the-war topped off Iwo days of paralyzing, record - sheltering aerial blows at German - occupied Europe from the oast, south and west, and some observers here regarded the aerial offensive loday as the .curtain raiser for the batllc for Europe . British patrols kept the air offensive going last night with intruder flights over. northern France. The air ministry said, two enemy planes were destroyed and lhat railway largcts and a supply ship were allacked. ' In addilion to sending out the greatest number of planes, in a single day, Ihc • American ait- forces engaged in a round • trip flight of more lhan 1,00.0 miles to blast the German naval and submarine base at Kiel, it marked their deepest penetration of Europe. Japs Minister Hints Setbacks on Attu Island I n closely coordinaled supporting attacks, Amercian heavy units bombed the former general Molors plant in Antwerp and a larger German airfield and repair station at Courlrai, in Belgium. Medium bombers made sucessful low level allacks on industrial targets at Vclzcn, near Harlem, in the Netherlands. The tremendous explosive power dumped from coastal France through Germany to German - occupied western Russia and on Mediterranean basses since Wednesday night can best be pictured by these figures: When Hitler threw his aerial might at London in an effort lo knock out Britain from the war, 7,500 tons of bombs were dropped during 94 raids. '"""• In 48 hours, the \RAF alone dumped almost 5,000 tons of explosives on German eommuhica- lion lines, factories - and naval bases. The eight of explosives dropped by American boinbers in" their unprecedented raids Friday, and .of the Russian attacks Wednesday and Thursday on German rail aid concentralion centers in western Russia and Warsaw, 'have nipt been revealed. Neither have figures been made jjiiblic on the heavy Thursday raids 'on -Axis Mediterranean bases in, Sardinia and Sicily, and on Naples, Italy. The American mass and- distance records followed up by.fkii RAF record for a single. night's operations in which 3,000 tons ol bombs were showered Thursday night on Berlin, the Ruhr Valley and on Czechoslovakia, almost double the bomb load-the RAF had delivered on any previous night. The RAF dropped more than 1,500 tons of blockbusters on Duisbui-g in the industrial Ruhr Wednesday night. Observes See Barrage of Pacific Blows Washington, May 15 —(/P)— The beginning of a barrage of blows against major Japanese positions throughout the Pacific was seen by some .slralegisls here today in the American drive to wipe out enemy forces in the western Aleutians, starting with Attu Island. And the belief lhat subsequent sta.bs soon may slrike at Southwestern, Southern and Central Pacific strongholds of the enemy's ocean empire seemed at least partially borne out by: 1—Recent conferences between General Douglas MacArthur, commander in Australia and the Southwestern Pacific area, and Admiral William F. Halscy, Jr., commander inn Ihe Southern Pacific. 2.—Emphasis on the Pacific situation by choice of high officials sitting in on Ihc conferences here of President Roosevelt and-Prime Minister Churchill. 3—Expressed opinion of qualified authorities that no major Pacific move would have been started unless joint Army-Navy -.air power was set to continue the offensive series all along the line. '• While reporls of the MacArthur- Halsey meeting were couched in the most general terms, authorities .stressed that they were held at a time when,'. Arrterican positions 'in both areas have reached the point where joint Army-Navy-air operations of thfe most complex sort are —War in Pacific By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor American troops were apparently making headway in the five-day- old battle of Attu island today, fighting their way over ice- sheathed ridges and snowfields in the new campaign to drive Japanese forces out of the Aleutians. Details were meager, for reasons of military secrecy, but Secretary of Navy Frank Knox .declared the assault was developing "very satisfactorily." In an apparent effort to prepare the Japanese people for bad news from the fighting on Attu island, former Minister of War General Sadao Araki was yuoled by the German radio f6day as having declared "setbacks there and at home will only increase our strength." .At no point 'In the broadcast, which was recorded by the Associated Press, was Araki quoted as predicting a Japanese victory on Atlu. He said, merely, lhal what ever happened there "in no wise could affect the will to victory and certainly of victory of the Japanese people." "For our great aim we put in all we have," Araki was quoted. "Our graleful thoughts are always with our soldiers pt the front," Imperiall Tokyo headquarters itself had previously characterized Ihe Americans as "crack" troops. Along .with Knot's expression of confidence, informed Washington quarters said the American sea borne forces must have struck with sufficient power to assure a complete and smashing victory.y • -.'^•anltSl- F sm'Jfp^t^'Hii&i -frtrWi'wSt ^ required for further actibris. Secretary of the 'otr series of lightning blows "a aginst Japan's invasion armies through-' out the Pacific, coupled with the offensive Aleutians campaign, on the theory that no major action would have Nazis Renew Attack on Leningrad By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 15 (JP)— A sharp new German Attack on Leningrad, in an assault preceded by heavy artillery barrage, was reported lo- day by Red Star, official Army Newspaper, in dispatches from the front. Following Ihe heavy barrage, other nations at a cost 000,000. of The earliest writing inks consisted of a mixture of lampbluck with a solution, of glue or gum. Manhattan, Kas. (/I 5 i—Some landlords make the headlines by declining lo rent their houses to people with children. Not so Mrs. H. K. Work. When she and her two children decided to join her husband, Lieutenant Work, U. S. N. in San Francisco, she refused to consider any applicant seeking lo rent her home here if Ihe fumjly didn'l have children. German infantry advanced toward the city in what the dispatch de- scrbied as "chains" of men. Russian troops met the allack with heavy fire that resulted in heavy losses, but the Germans continued lo allack, Ihe newspaper said. The Germans made seven addi- lional altacks in a single day, attempting to breach Russian lines in the Leningrad area, Red Star said, and breaking through lo fortifications at one point. The Russians rushed reinforcements to the area, however, the newspaper said, apd "Ihe enemy group was exterminated." H was too early to say whether this was the beginning of anything important in the way of a German offensive, but it indicated consdi- erable German power has been massed along the Leningrad front and that the invading Army was able to strike hard. In the Kuban, the Red Army continued its intensive artillery bombardment of German held Novor- ossisk, but there was little other aclion. ("Heavy ratillery of the Army command south of Lake Ladoga and at Leningrad continued effective shelling of railway targets and industrial plants."! Navy Knox made it clear yesterday that just such joint action made possible the amphibious attack on Attu last Tuesday. Army troops were put ashore from .transports guarded by warships and their success in land lighting on the island itself depended on the Navy's ability to keep supplies and reinforcements moving in. . As, the Altu battle moved into its fourth day; .Knox said "it is going very, satisfactorily." From other informed authorities came the opinion that the admirals and generals in charge of the operation, having full knowledge of enemy strenglh on the island, must have struck with a force sufficient to assure a complete and smashing victory. This optimistic prospect in- ready injected into the Roosevelt- read injected into the- Roosevelt- Churchill conferences by the tremendous Allied Iriumph in Norlh Africa. At the same time it gave fresh support to speculation thai prosecution of the Pacific war will not be allowed to lag because of the concentration of major forces in the European theater. The attack on Attu, requiring many ships-and thousands of men, was regarded as conclusive evidence that ships and men are available in great numbers for offensive action against the Japanese, since for such an objective the American command coulld not afford to weaken its positions elsewhere along the 5,000 - mile battle line. been started unless joint Army Navy air power was set to continue the offensive all along the line. "When you seize enemy territory it certainly can be called offensive," Knox told newsmen, when asked whether the attack on Attu was part of a general Allied drive in the Pacific. But he declined to comment on other possible smashe's against the enmey in the southwest Pacific, Burma or China. Knox said Attu's mountainous terrain was tough for fighting, with its difficulties comparable to the jungles of Guadalcanal where it took seven months to oust the Japanese. Going into the mid May week end, a n atmosphere of vibrant expectancy dominated the whole war scene as the Americans pushed their Aleutians offensive on the North Sea route to Japan, Hitler's Eruope nervously awaited the The island battle was unquestionably bitter with weather and terrain aiding a tenacious foe in opposing a successful landing and subsequent push inland. Aleutians weather is characterized by violent shifting winds and fog, rain and snow. The water in Ihc Bering Sea on the northern side of the island chain is so cold that a human can hardly stay alive in it more than 30 or 40 minutes. Moreover the surf which beats against the islands is invariably high and strong and small boat operations such as are necessary in carrying out an amphibious expedition are extremely hazardous. With regard to the enemy's position on Kiska two allernative courses for the American offensive appeared possible. Outflanked by an American force on Atlu, the Japanese on Kiska could be cut off from food, ammunition and reinforcements and left, to the miseries of starvation and the destruclion of heavy bombing attacks from Amchitka. Or an expedition could be launched against Kiska, either during or after the battle for Attu, to wipe out the enemy force, which some authorities estimate as high .as 10,000 men, in combat. next Allied blow, and Prime Minister Churchill radiated confidence with his discription of the recent "great days" for the United Nations. Millitary analysis! believed Japan must rush heavy reinforcements to Altu, draining warships and troops from other vital zones of the far flung Pacific battle theater, or face almost inevitable loss of her footholds on the closest approach to Amprica n mainland shores. With the fall of Attu, main supply base for Kiska, the Amei Scans would be in a position to. impose a virtual starvation siege on the bigger Japanese garrison at Kiska —estimated at approximately H), 000 troops — which lies 196 miles east of Attu and 70 miles west of the new U. S. base at Amchitka. Attu, although only 35 miles long, is strategically important as an advanced base for possible bombing attacks uu Tokyo some 1,000 millp.s away, and as a stepping stone for invasion of Japan's Kurile Islands 7(iO miles distant. Deadline for State Income Tqx Tonight The deadline for filing uf slate income lax returns is midnight tonight, Saturday, May 15. Blank returns may be obtained from 1. L. Pilkinton, deputy slate revenue collector a I tliu courthouse, and must be tillled in, notarized., and sent with check to the Commissioner of Revenues, state capital Liltle Rock. In the first yea:- of war the fire loss Ui critical materials and factories in the U. S. was $100,000,000. In u year of sugar rationing almost 9 billion pounds of refined sugar have passed to American 1 consumers.

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