Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 4, 1949 · Page 16
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 16

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, October 4, 1949
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Page 16
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EDITORIALS An Impressive Reunion for Pendergast Alumni rpHE homecoming celebration in Kansas •*• ^City for William M. Boyle, Jr., new chairman of the democratic national committee, was in truth a reunion of the old "Pendergast machine." Sharing the limelight at the affair was another illustrious Pendergast alumnus — none other than President Harry S. Truman himself. Both Boyle and the president were closely associated with the gan^ during its most powerful and corrupt days, as well as when the smash-up came. That neither of them got tarnished by the experience is attested to by the, nonpartisan character of last week's observance in the city once plundered by the machine. Look Out Below! BIG DISCOVERY IN ATOMIC RESEARCH! IT HAS BEEN SAID: Money, energy and force are not acceptable substitutes for perspective judgment and wisdom.— Henry M. Wriston. The case of General Vaughan doubtless has impressed on the president that "aide" and "comfort are not always synonymous. The Russians are down' to the Ts in their invention claims. Latest item on their list is the army tank. The observation th:it our radio comedians need some new gags can be taken either figuratively or literally. Anything for a holiday. A Texas town recently staged a community-wide mothpr-in-law festival A Grafton friend describes the "awkward age" as "too old to cry and too young to cuss." With pipe in mouth, Joe Stalin has called on Russia's youngsters to give up tobacco. Memo to Motorists: Why risk your life to save a minute? Death is so permanent. About all some women get from their husbands is another name. years ago the Pendergast organization was down and out. With the "boss" himself in Leavenworth and the machine in pieces, Harry Truman was about to make his 1940 run for re-election as U. S. senator. He wasn't given an outside chance. Bill Boyle, secretary in the crime-ridden Kansas City police department when the debacle came, likewise appeared to have a dim political future. But both of them have risen to the heights, despite what normally would have been a ruinous handicap. Both have won popular favor, as Al Smith, a product of Tammany Hall, did at an earlier date. rpHE Pendergast 'machine was born with -*- the,. 20th century. It was founded in 1900, the year in which the national democratic convention met in Kansas City and again nominated William Jennings Bryan for president. One of the founders was James Pendergast, a political boss long before his brother Tom came to power and an alderman from the -"Bloody First" ward until his death in 1911. Tom, through the influence of his older brother, James, gained his first political appointment, deputy county marshal, in 1896. Laterjie became street commissioner and alderman, but after 1916 he refused elective office, in favor of manipulating the strings behind the scenes. By his behavior and in his personal appearance, Tom Pendergast came to be a national symbol of city bossism, along with Chicago's Kelly, Jersey City's Hague and Memphis' Crump. The audacity of some of his profitable lootings was .utterly incredible. • I T was not until 1922 that Harry Truman came to the attention of the Boss who got him elected that year to the Jackson county court. Truman was 12 years younger than the "Boss," just back from the war, a business failure, now a farmer and road overseer. It was Pendergast's nephew, Jim, who recommended his army friend to his uncle. In 1939, when Tom went off to Leavenworth for income-tax evasion, Jim inherited what was left of the machine. He is still in control of what is left. In 1934, when Truman first ran for U. S. senator, the Pendergast machine rolled up a 41,000 vote plurality for his nomination and a 260,000 majority for his election. In the 1940 race, with the machine crushed, he squeaked through to the nomination by the narrow margin of 8,400 votes. One of his opponents that year was Maurice M. Milliagn, U. S. district attorney for the western district of Missouri. It was Milligan who had obtained the conviction of 259 persons in Kansas City for vote frauds in the 1936 election, and Milligan who had prosecuted Tom Pendergast in 1939. H ARRY TRUMAN has never looked upon the "Boss" as a corrupt politician. To him, Tom Pendergast was simply the kindhearted friend who gave him his political start. He spoke on the senate floor in 1938 in an unsuccessful attempt to block confirmation of Milligan's reappointment. He saw to it in 1945 that Milligan was not reappointed. On January 26, 1945, when Pendergast died, Vice President Truman flew to the funeral. "He was my friend, and I was his," he said then. And he has made it plain that the same thing goes for Boss Tom's nephew, Jim, who with other remnants of the machine were on hand for the Boyle celebration. . i 2 Great Senators H ISTORIANS are going to compare the roles played by Daniel Webster and Arthur Vanderiberg in their respective eras. As members of the U. S. senate, both exercised an influence greater than that of many presidents. Given the ambition, either might well *« been elevated to the presidency. Pros and Cons Some interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Like Old Times Iowa City Press-Citizen: A locomotive builder is said to be working hard on devising a diesel locomotive whistle that will sound like the familiar mournful wail of the steam locomotive. The idea is supposed to be to give better warning to motorists who don't seem to pay enough attention to the present diesel horns as they approach rail crossings. Stubborn on Patronage Creston News-Advertiser: Mr. Truman takes this matter of patronage very, ^ery seriously. That's a touchy point with him — more important in a lot of ways than whether England collapses economically or the United States steel strike is settled. On these latter points Truman will give and take. But not on patronage. Elbow Bending Hampton Times: Elbow bending often leads straight to traffic accidents, according to the 1949 edition of the National Safety Council's statistical yearbook, "Accident Facts." One out of every six drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle accidents during 1948 had been drinking, reports showed. Too Much to Hope • Boone News-Republican: It is too much to hope that a majority of the American people will some day realize that the high cost of government is the main factor in high prices, and that it is an ever-present threat to business and employment. Middle of the Road Cedar Rapids Gazette: It appears to us that the new republican national chairman set a sound pattern for his party in striking heavily on the "middle of the road" course that he says it will travel while he holds the reins. Devaluation of Pound Pierson Progress: The devaluation of the British pound is, going to make their money stretch a little farther, but the trouble is their pocketbook is so near flat now that what little they have left isn't going to stretch too far. The Real Cure Waterloo Courier: The British situation will be permanently improved only if the government is able to halt a round of \% v age increases. Editorial of the Day GOOD TAXPAYERS npHORNTON ENTERPRISE: Everybody talks in •*• big figures these days of stratospheric government budgets and record national income. But even.now, $1,000,000,000 is a lot of money. That is approximately what the railroads pay out in taxes each year. In 1948, for instance, their tax; bill ran around $3,000,000 a day, and every kind of government—local, state and federal—got its share. Unlike their subsidized competitors, the railroads don't get any of this money back in the form of special benefits for themselves. It all goes to help pay for the general functions of government. As an example, the railroads are one of the major contributors to school funds—in many rural areas their payments alone make up half of the total school money. It is estimated that these railroad school levies pay for the education oC 1,000,000 children. Then, of course, railroad taxes go for the national defense, the administration of justice, public safety, and all the other costly functions of government. Finally—and ironically—part of those taxes help to provide the highways, waterways and airways that other forms of commercial transportation, all of which are competing with the rails for business, need and use. As the Sun, of Parsons, Kansas, recently said, the railroad industry "5s indispensable to the country's welfare ... No other kind of transportation is in sight that can handle the traffic in an. emergency like the railroads did during the war." In time of peace they perform an equally vital service—and they pay out gigantic sums in taxes while doing it. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Lake Mills—A crowd of approximately 15,000 North lowans attended the annual outing of the Rice Lake Outing club held on Rice Lake yesterday and witnessed a ceremony in which W. Earl Hall, managing editor of the Globe-Gazette and president of the Iowa State Safety council, was inducted into the Sac-Fox Indian tribe. Weh-Keh- See is the Indian word for "Careful Rein," tho name given Mr. Hall in recognition of his work as president of the Iowa State Safety council. 20 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—Mrs. Emma Kimball was chosen president of the American Legion auxiliary at the annual business meeting of the group held in the club rooms last evening. Other officers elected are Mrs. Forde Lee, vice president; Mrs. Lyle Stunkard, secretary; Mrs. Shirley Kimball, treasurer; Mrs. C. J. Eddy, chaplain, and Mrs. Earl Ashland, historian. 30 YEARS AGO Mason City Chapter D.A.R. held their usually interesting meeting last evening with Mrs. A. B. Adams at her home on East State street. Mrs. Adams read some humorous incidents of her own revolutionary ancestors that were highly entertaining, and an interesting recital of her experiences overseas in France and Germany. The hostess served dainty refreshments at the close of the meeting. 40 YEARS AGO Russ Avery was guest of honor last evening at a birthday party, given by his mother, lo a number of his young friends, Jt his home east oL' the city. There were about a dozen guests present. They played games in the big barn, and took a ride in the spring wagon, besides having all the cantaloupes they could handle. Prof. Willcy and his •wife chaperoned the young folks. Observing To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. STUBBORN INFECTION npHE ordinary case of diarrhea can usually be •*• cleared up without much difficulty. It is a different story, however, when the disturbance is caused byja_chronic infection of the bowel. Then, search for the exact cause is likely to be tedious and treatment lengthy, because such infections are among the most stubborn with which we have to deal. The most common of these infections are amebiasis dysentery, and brucellosis, commonly known as undulant fever. The person who has repeated attacks of diarrhea also suffers from other symptoms. These include easy tiring, slight fever, DR. BUNDESEN pain in the muscles and joints, nervousness, and varying forms of abdominal distress. Now and then, this long-continued strain produces so much weakness and petulance that the patient is thought to be suffering from "a nervous breakdown." Thus, in all cases there is need for careful study to determine just what parasite or germ is causing the difficulty. Only after this is known can effective treatment be started. An inquiry into certain matters, such as his diet, where he lives, and his occupation may give some indication as to the possible cause of the trouble. Studies, such as determining the amount of acid in the stomach, examination under the microscope, of material from the bowel, culturing of euch material, and skin tests for the germ that causes undulant fever should be carried out. The microscopic examination and cultures of the stool should be repeated several times at intervals of 5 to 7 days. II" infection with the ameba parasite occurs in a child, he develops a muddy complexion, the liver is enlarged and tender, and the child has a poor appetite. Often, it is found that the parents of such children have aineba infection. In patients over 40 years of age, who have continued ^diarrhea, a careful search should be made for evidences of a tumor of the large bowel, since such tumors often may be responsible for the diarrhea. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS A Reader: What causes welts to appear on my body when I scratch, even when drying with a turkish towel? Answer: This condition is known as derm- ographia. Dermographia literally means skin writing which, in all likelihood, is due to an increased sensitivity of the nerves supplying the blood vessels in the skin. The irritation, due to scratching, rubbing or a blow, causes the blood vessels to dilate and produces the eruption which rcsembels the hives. In most cases, this condition does not cause any serious trouble and one does not need to be concerned about it. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter By Hal Boyle HE WANTED THAT BEAR! I NLET, N. Y. t (AP)—There isn't a better woodsman in all the central Adirondack mountains than Gerald Kemvell. "Knows every deer in the hills by its stomp," say his neighbors. Kemvell is a catfooted man of 62 with the posture of an Indian and eyes as fresh as Eden. He can still sling a fresh-killed buck deer over his shoulder and tote it miles to the limiting camp he has run for 32 [years. The camp is in the center of a 50-mile stretch. I of virgin wilderness. Ji Many city-bred people •1 picture a hunting guide as a , brush-faced, tobacco-chew . ing illiterate who .never had HAL BOYLE the common sens,e to come to town. Gerald doesn't fit into that portrait at all. He is a courteous, well-bred, widely- read man who stayed in the woods by choice. And he has his own opinion of people who crowd their lives out in stone cities and never wake up to the smell of balsam. "Nature put you on earth to keep busy," he said, and "you'll keep busy—or pay the penalty." Gerald doesn't have much respect for modern- clay guides who go to the forest in automobiles. He likes to yarn about the real oldtimers, and their endless resourcefulness. i One of his heroes is Fred Hess—taken away in the prime of his youth at 84. Hess, an ox-built man who could carry out 2 bucks on his broad back, is a legend among Adirondack hunters. He could use any tool, and once skinned a wolf with a safety pin. "Fred was what you would call a determined man, :> recalled Gerald. "Never would give up. Never would back away from a bear either. Used to go right into their caves after them. "One time Fred caught a bear making a bed . of spruce boughs in the deep snow. Fred was on snow shoes and didn't have a gun, but he said 'I want that bear.' "So he tied his hatchet to a long pole and swung it at the bear, trying to bash in its skull. The bear just grabbed the hatchet and sat on it. "Then Fred tied his knife to another pole and crept up and tried to stab the bear to death. The bear finally grabbed this pole, too, and I don't know who was madder—him or Fred. He tried to grab Fred, but couldn't catch him in the deep snow. "Finally Fred snowshoed back Ip his cabin, grabbed up a gun and came back and got his bear." For an Aroused Opinion s would remind you,- gentle • reader, that during the next 24 hours, there's a likelihood—based on statistics— that the fire demon will claim "30 lives in America and destroy $2 • million worth of property. These figures represent the average daily toll. That is why public officials and civic groups in some 10,000 communities are now organizing in preparation for the 1949 Fire Pre' ventibfi week observance, Oct. 9 to 15. . Eire Prevention week has been an annual event since 1920, when Woodrow Wilson issued the first presidential proclamation authorizing it. It has only one purpose— to show us the simple precautions that will prevent most fires. To achieve that goal, thousands of experts contribute freely of their knowledge, time and energy. Nothing is left undone that might serve the cause. Practically every American, unless he be a hermit in the hills, has the chance to gain knowledge that may save his life, his home, his job. However, this fine work is of small value without public cooperation. The experts are ready to teach us. But they cannot make us learn unless we wish to. They are offering an opportunity—and it is up to us to take it. The point is plain and simple. Listen, read and learn during the week—and put into constant practice what you learn. If we do that, fire's horrible and unnecessary harvest of'death and destruction wUl be sharply reduced. Why Farmers Complain , have heard more than ne complaint from hunters about the growing number of farms being posted against hunting. The simple reason for this is the increasing damage, in one form or another, to life and property on those posted premises. Every year conservation officers receive complaints about .fowl stolen, holes blasted in stock watering tanks, trampled fences and crops—and fires. The hunter is in the woods by the indulgence of the man who owns it. His good will is imperative. It can be maintained only . as the hunter exercises caution and care — and a co - operative feeling toward leaving the farm and woods in no worse condition for his having permission to hunt. Stirring antagonism wrecks the possibility of co-operation. Decent conduct, with some thankfulness for the privilege thrown in, helps this co-operation. BUT MADAME! I'VE 60NE OVER VOUR CANCELLED CHECKS THREE TIMES! THE BALANCE OF $2 Jb \5 ABSOLUTELY CORRECT-NOW, YOUR CHECK STUBS* By Jimmy Hatlo DON'T BEAT^l AROUND THE BUSK! ) I JUST KNOW THERE / SHOULD BE MORE IN / M ACCOUNT THAN ' YOU'RE TRYING TO MAKE ME BELIEVE! X WANT TO SEE THE PRESIDENT. 1 WHAT'S CHECK STUBS GOT TO DO WITH IT ? YOU'RE SUPPOSED TO DO THE BOOKEEP1N6, NOT ME I RIDES ASAIN- 1 SHE DEPOSITS 6O BUCK'S A MONTH,AND IT COSTS us ABOUT $25O TO HANDLE THE ACCOUNT I NEVER SEE A DAME YET WHO COULD KEEP HER SEAMS OF? HER BANK BALANCE STRAIGHT %« SHE USES THE CHECK STUBS TO WRITE 1 NOTES TOTHE MILKMAN ON* SHE THINKS A x BANK BALANCE • IS WHEN THE 4 TELLER STANDS ON HIS HEAD LJU 10-3 corn. i»* J PEFDSTTS-WrTHDf?AWALS- AND NEVER THE TWAIN SHALL MEET < • THANX ro GROVER HELM, im^^oil^^^aa^^ff^^ , An Inadequate Highway wonder if anywhere in the -United States there is a highway more pathetically inadequate to the demands upon it than Highway No. (35 between Owatonna and the twin cities. This line of speculation seized me the other day after I had occasion to make the trip to St. Paul. It wasn't a pleasant experience. The inadequacy of the stretch of road manifest.'; itself in just about every imaginable way. It's old and bumpy, ' to start with. * It's much too narrow for the density of traffic. It is loaded with ijgm-angle corners. t It bisects every city and hamlet' along the way, right down Main street. In at least 2 instances, the builders of the road seem studiously to have avoided a routing which would take the motorist off the main stem. For one brief stretch not far from the cities there's a skimpy sample of modern road-building. It at least gives one a basis for hoping "that better times lie ahead, if only the traveling public's patience holds out. information, Please! 1. Which is the port side of a boat? 2. Who was the author of the poem titled, "Excelsior?" 3. What does the word "indigent" mean? 4. With what products is the state of Washington commonly associated? 5. What is an antonym? Answers— 1. The left side as one faces the bow or forward end of the boat. 2. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 3. Destitute , needy, poor. 4. Apples and lumber. 5. A word directly opposed to another in meaning. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To MSGRSi ARTHUR J. BREEN and PATRICK F. MALONE — for being elevated to the honors of domestic prelates by His Holiness Pope Pius Xn. This is a recognition of extraordinary services to the church in parish and other activities. Mason City can well feel proud that 2 members of the priesthood have received this honor. Do You Know? The Haskin Service * EDITOR'S NOTE: Renders uslnff this service for question of fact—jint counsel—should sign full name and address and enclose 'd cents for return postage. Address The Mason Clly Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 31R Eye Street N. E., Washington S, D. C. Are there any popular weather signs that may be regarded as infallible? There are no weather signs that always hold true, though some are more reliable than others. For instance, a ring around the moon often means rain or snow, and a red setting sun usually is an indication that a hot day will follow. How many presidents of the United States have been Inaugurated in the month of January? Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman are the only presidents who were inaugurated in January. The constitutional amendment providing that the presidential term should begin on Jan. 20, took effect in 1933, therefore, President Roosevelt's 1937 inauguration took place on Jan. 20. How long has it been the custom in business to give summer vacation? Regular vacations for business and working people were unknown before 1850, and it was not until after the Civil war that it became customary to give office workers vacations. Was there ever, in fighting history, a double knockout, and if so, what were the circumstances surrounding this unusual event? Records of "The Ring," a magazine devoted to boxing, show 8 double knockouts. Most of them were called no-contest by the referee as neither man was able to continue In what parts of the country arc the largest surpluses of unmarried women? The top 10 states which have a surplus of unmarried women are Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana, Tennessee, New York, North Carolina and Mississippi. It is worth noting that all but one of these states are east of the Mississippi river. What was the "bloodiest day in American history?" The 2nd day of the battle of Antictam, Sept. 17, 1862, has been pronounced the bloodiest day in American history. Is airsickness encountered to any great extent among airplane passengers? Physicians connected with airlines have reported that fewer than one out of 100 airplane passengers suffer from airsickness. What is meant by shell shock? The term was widely used in the first World war to describe emotional states occuring during combat conditions. It supposed that the sound of the exploding shell "shocked" the nervous system in such a way to produce a neurosis Modern psychiatry no longer recognizes the term. Shell shock, according to present day authorities, is not only a misnomer but cases described undpr that heading fall into every one of the different psychiatric categories Do Iho U. S. mints roin money for foreign countries? U. S. minis have made coins for foreign countries including the Netherlands Netherlands East Indies, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Peru, Venezuela. Ethiopia and others. Today's Birthday VIRGINIA CROCIIERON GILDERSLEEVE, born Oct. 3, 1877, in , New York City. I Retired dean of 5 Barnard college, | she headed the 5 destinies of that Iwomen's branch i of Columbia uni- jversity for 36 I years, retiring 2 I years ago for her I health. She was I graduated from |i Barnard in 1899 S and taught Eng- GILDERSLEEVE lisn there until appointed dean in 1911. International relations were her hobby. In 1916 she was a member of the league to enforce peace, precursor of the league of nations. She was a member of the United Nations delegation at San Francisco in 1945 and an alternate delegate to the U. N. general assembly in 1947. France made her a member of the Legion of Honor. When was the price of Manhattan Island first published? In Amsterdam the announcement of the purchase of the island of Manhattan for 60 guilders ($24) was made 1 on Nov. 5, 1626. It first appeared in print in the United Mates in Potter's American Monthly Illustrated Magazine published in Philadelphia in October, 1 875. How many libraries are re in .the United States? The United States is served by 7,500 muni- C'Pal and county public libraries, 1,700 college and university libra- vies and more than 20,000 centralized school libraries, exclusive of innumerable classroom collections There are also some 250 federal ? I lnn State . 1 ' braries ' and at lea st 1,500 specialized libraries serving business, industrial, financial and tec.inical concerns. How many English words end in "sedc?" There is only one such word— supersede. Mason City GSobe-Gaxette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Weelt Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East Stato St. Telephone 3800 i2 El ?n™ Cd f a L second cla ss matter. Apr!) 12. 1930. at the postottlce at Mason Citv lown. under the act of March 3. 1879 LEE P. LOOMIS ----- Publisher . EARL HALL, Managing Editor -- ° r LLOYD L, GEER ---- Adv. Mgr. Monday. _ Oct. S, 1949 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which c «ely entitled to use for ^pub- nil local news printed in *" •SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City anrt Clear Lake One One week Ouiairto .MRKOII City nnt» Clear t.nk<- in i Within 100 Milm of Mason Cllv ".v mnll 1 your '« u nn H.v in»il fi mounts ..... 4,2 By c'lrrlnr per week ........... ,? ....... i ... Only month*

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