The iditof says: Our Daily Bread Sliced Thift by The editor VOL, 75— No* 302 Alex. H. Washburn '"••" •""•-••" ..... ^' Member of the Associated Pages Newspaper EnterpYIsc Ass Press • •«. FMftmeft HOPfi; Hom$ 6fthe Howie Knife OCTOBER 4« t9T4 Av, nei paid circulation 3 months ending March 31, As filed with Audit Bureau of Circulations, subject lo audit. PRICE 10c Thein|u$ticof Urban Renewal Here's a tdd story with a new twist, as reported by Mrs. Wanda Ahlborn of the Trade Winds motel and restaurant: The small boy turned up at home bleeding from scratches, bruises and bites. "So there's a new toy in the neighborhood and he did this to you," his mother guessed correctly. "Do you think you would recognize him if you two met up again?" "Yep," replied sonny— "because I got his ear in iny pocket." Another letter on this page recites the downtown merchants' unhappiness with Urban Renewal and asks your editor for advice on what to do. It was this column which probably triggered the latest uprising. In one of our periodic demands that the City of Hope do like Conway and run Main Street through the Missouri Pacific passenger station to relieve downtown traffic trouble—it was in the course of this column that we took a pot shot at the flower beds which Urban Renewal is constructing, making narrow streets still narrower, and adding to, instead of reducing, downtown traffic congestion. Unfortunately, The Star attacked Urban Renewal from the very beginning, urging citizens to join in a petition for a city-wide vote to reject this federal give-away—but we never got support. And your editor declined to carry the flag alone—although he was as certain then as now that this was a scandalous blight Hope would rue all its days. Our judgment in the light of ..subsequent events was faulty. Had we known then that^Urban Renewal waif'going to isolate The Star Building by destroying our rented parking area Star Publishing Co. would have financed a city-wide referendum all by itself. Because of our error in judgment we had to purchase another downtown property which was outside the devastated area of Urban Renewal—and will move offices and plant before the end of this year. Our recommendation to the other downtown business folks, even at this late day, is to stand up and make a last-ditch fight against the federal octopus. The merchants have not only our editorial support but Star Publishing Co. is prepared to throw important money into a battle to make the Urban Renewal artists knock out their flowerbeds and make such amendments to their original plans as will improve, not impede, downtown traffic—the lifeblood of local merchandising. What we are talking about, of course, is not merely local lawsuits and injunctions—but financing a good-size delegation to Washington to make our protest effective upon the capital's bureaucracy and our Congressman and Senators. We should have done this two years ago. The voters would have clobbered Urban Renewal in a referendum. But that violent opposition is alive to this day—and we should organize to make it effective both here and at Washington. Fiat reduces work hours ROME (AP) -The Fiat auto company today put 65,000 workers on a 24-hour work week, underlining the grave economic crisis that has toppled Italy's 36th postwar government and sharpened a Communist bid for power. Fiat, whose sales have plunged as a result of the world energy crisis, said the purpose of the reduced work week beginning Monday would be to slow production. The company promised the short week would not last beyond Jan. 31, and that a special state fund would help out em- ployes Urban RetiewaPs traffic conjesting is protested Ed. Note: This is the second, protest against Urban Renewal's restricting of downtown traffic, The Star will publish all cdmtnunications on the subject, Editor The Star: After hearing so many complaints about changing our streets to one-way traffic and planting the flower beds so far out into the streets, such as the one in front of Ritchie Grocer Company, I decided to pass a petition to get the true feeling of each merchant in the heart of Hope. After doing this, I came out with approximately 95 per cent against the one-way streets. And now I would appreciate your help and advice in telling us where to go from here. Surely, with such a large percentage of us feeling this way, something can be done to take a second look at this situation and make the necessary changes to correct it. In discussing this proposal with individuals from other communities who have tried such an experiment, I have learned their loss of business traffic has proved to be disastrous. For any help you can give, thank you so much. JEWELL MOORE, JR. Oct. 1, 1974 Hope, Ark. Nixon can go home today., doctor says LONG BEACH, Calif. (AP) Richard M. Nixon's doctor says the former president can return to his San Clemente estate today, ending 12 days of tests and treatment at Long Beach Memorial Hospital for^phlebitis and a blood clot in ortejlung. Dr. J<&n C. Lungrien Joldf newsmen"^Thursday that-, he,; would issue\a final report bnA Nixon's tUniBs^latep-aodli^ "after"".hii^ patient's ^expectS! departure/ and outline his diagnosis of the illness, future treatment and the course of hsi recovery. Results of tests for cancer have been negative, the physician said in his daily written bulletin. Phlebitis, a painful vein inflammation affecting Nixon's left leg, can be a sympton of cancer in the'stomach, lungs or pancreas, -but it can also be caused by inactivity. After Nixon entered the hospital, tests revealed that a small piece from the clot in his left leg had broken off and traveled to his right lung. After treating Nixon with anticoagulant drugs, Lungren said the lung clot had begun to be absorbed. . ;Nixonn 6i : ,' : juiderwent further tests Thursday. 4 ftiuigrenhas advised Nixon to tafe;a*ohe4<> threerriionth "re, striciedlcQnyaiescerice." avoid? -' in n'l^rXi A.,^iA *Mi*'&i Uw-JiS#lS!Sa On "Thursday, .Nixon's lawyers asked U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica to excuse the former president from testifying in the Watergate coverup trial in Washington, D.C. The request was made in motions to quash subpoenas issued for Nixon's apearance by John D. Ehrlichman, one of the five former Nixon political associates on trial, and by federal prosecutor Leon Jaworski. Jaworski has said Sirica should appoint a medical panel to examine Nixon if his lawyers pleaded thai the former president was too ill to testify. L.R. crime figures show 61 % increase LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Little Rock experienced a 61 per cent increase in serious crimes during the firs I six months of 1974 over Ihe corresponding period last year, FBI figures indicate. The FBI, in cits "Uniform Crime Reporting" pointed out that the two periods were not comparable and indicated that this was due to an annexation. The United States as a whole showed a 16 per cent increase, the FBI indicated. Little Rock ranked 62nd in serious crime among 158 cities in the nation with a population of at least 100,000. The FBI figures show that other cities in the nation comparable to Little Rock in size (100,000 to 250,000 population) experienced an over-all increase in serious crime of 15 per cent. Little Rock Police Chief Gale F. Weeks said Thursday that the figures are misleading arid do not represent an accurate picture of the city's actual crime increase. He said that comparing this year's crime figures with last year's is like comparing "apples and oranges." The chief explained that the figures for Ihe first six months of last year include only about IVz months of reported crimes from a 55- square mile area annexed by Ihe city in May 1973. Weeks said the annexation was like adding the crime problems of a city of about 35,000 persons lo the problems Little Rock already had. The FBI breaks down serious crime into seven categories — homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny ($50 and over) and motor vehicle theft. Little Rock showed increases of from 8 to 83 per cent in all categories but one — aggravated assault. Weeks said crimes against persons — homicides, rape, robbery and assaults — actually would have decreased this year had the city not annexed the 55-square mile area last year. He said 825 such crimes were reported last year compared with 879 this year. The FBI figures show that robberies increased from 210 during the first six months of 1973 to 384 this year, up 83 per cent. Burglaries increased from 1,514 to 2,414 while larcenies rose from 2,567 to 4,302 and vehicle thefts increased from 262 to 433, all up more than 60 per cent, according to the FBI. Homicides rose from 19 to 21, up 11 per cent. Forcible rapes rose from 48 to 52, up 8 per cent. Weeks conceded that the city had experienced considerable increases in crimes against property, especially house burglaries, that could not alone be attributed to annexation. He said police intelligence in- dicaied that many of these burglaries were linked to an increase in narcotics traffic in : he cilv. A-. ;\ * Jobless rate climbs WASHINGTON (AP) - Widespread layoffs pushed the nation's unemployment rate up to 5.8 per cent of the work force last month, the highest level in 2% years, the government reported today. Another 440,000 workers joined unemployment rolls in September, bringing the total to a seasonally adjusted 5.3 mil- lionn the Labor Department said. The increase in the jobless rale, from 5.4 per cent in August, was the largest monthly increase since last January when il also rose four-tenths of one per cent. Unemployment has been creeping up gradually for the pasl several months and is expected lo rise above six per cenl lale this year or in early 1975. Last October the jobless rale had dropped to a 3%-year low of 4.6 per cent. Since then the number o£unemployed persons has riserf by 1.2 million. President Ford, who will send his economic program to Congress next week, has indicated he will propose an expanded public service jobs program using federal funds to enable stale and local governments to hire the unemployed. Most of the unemployment last month took place among women aged 25 and older and among teen-agers, particularly males 18 to 19 years old. Declining college attendance among young men, coupled with the slower growth in jobs, contributed to thelhigher joblessness among yputh, the gov- enjment-said. ,? was re- the year-io-year gain recorded in the previous year. The in* crease was negated in the unemployment picture by .additional job seekers. Both white and blue collar workers felt the effects Of the slowing economy. Both categories registered increases in joblessness. Heavy layoffs were reported in manufacturing, construction and wholesale and retail trade. Construction's unemployment rate, at 12.4 per cent, rose to its highest level in four years. Within goods-producing industries, cemployment gained slightly in September due to a reduction in strike activity. In September, the average work week of factory workers remained at 40.1 hours while factory overtime fell by two- tenths of an hour. The average hourly pay for a manufacturing worker last month rose eight cents to $4.51, while weekly earnings averaged $181.75, up from August's $177.64, the department said. Among the major labor-force groupsn the jobless rate for full* time workers was reported up from 4.8 per cent In August to 5.3 per cent in September, while the rale for household heads moved up,frpm 3.1 to 3.4 per cent. The unemployment rate for married men was list* ed at 2,8 per cent in September, compared with 2.6 per cent in August. The teen-aged jobless rate rose from 15.3 to 16.7 per' cent. In a racial breakdown, joblessness for white workers rose from 4.8 to 5.3 per cent, reflecting Ihe increases among adult women and teen-agers. Unemployment among blacks increased lo 9.8 per cent, compared with 9.2 per cent in August. The civilian labor force usually declines in September but ihis year the government said the actual decline was much less than expected and thus on a seasonally adjusted basis rose by almost 800,000 to a level of 91.1 million. Quake kills at least 44 LIMA, Peru (AP) — Peruvian air force planes and helicopters crisscrossed the countryside today to evaluate the ef- i feels of a severe earthquake 1 ^Thursday. I * Forty-four persons were : known dead and at least 1,000 were reported injured, 92 of ; them seriously. Several cities ' or towns in central Peru report" ed extensive damage. •-'••• Workers in Lima] the capital, began clearing shattered walls, fallen cornices and broken from Au-'i gla'ss;frbm U?e streets. At least . tn ^;^t^o l nou8es collapsed. cenl of Ihe houses were reporl- ed deslroyed. Emergency medical centers treated a steady flow of slightly injured or hysterical people. Authorities said 92 were hospi- lalized, 970 more were given first aid and 460 were treated for shock. The quake struck at 9:21 a.m., and shocks continued for nearly an hour after the initial tremor. Widespread panic was due to the memory of the devastating earthquake on May 31, 1970, in which 20,000 persons were and another 50,000 were w v * v' occcY' j **•-—• - t * «. . . v • t.-.'ii^vj «„,! n MAtit*t« pasl yearMotai' employment '^.Canete ajd Chincha, coast- med^d another has climbed by 1.4 miUioJ, half al <^ es south , of Lima ' 60 P er rep0rted missingm As of Monday, consumers may demand refunds on spray paint WASHINGTON (AP) Consumers can begin demanding, full refunds Monday for millions of new or used cans of spray paint containing the cancer-causing chemical vinyl chloride. But since the chemical is not listed on labels, it may be al-, most impossible to determine whether the aerosol paint you own contains vinyl chloride. . The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission said today it has denied requests by several paint manufacturers to revoke the federal refund order. Retailers will be required to post lists in their stores of vinyl chloride-containing paints they have sold during past years. The industry had warned the commission that it produced tens of millions of cans of spray paint with vinyl chloride, and that repurchase at $1.50 to $2.00 each would put many companies out of business. They also said the 24 liver cancer deaths attributed to vinyl chloride occurred among workers who had been exposed to heavy concentrations for years. They said there was no proof that limited exposure from use of aerosol paints would cause cancer. Rust-Oleum Corp., which discontinued use of vinyl chloride in April 1972, said it was not arguing that it is "more important to save a business than to save a life," but it felt the repurchase order was not backed up by proof of a health hazard. The firm said aerosol paints and varnishes generally are used outdoors or in well-ventilated areas and any potential risk is greatly minimized. Plasti-Kote Co., a division of Consolidated Foods Inc., said it stopped using vinyl chloride in some products in December 1971 and altogehter in June 1973. The company said it makes 20 million cans of spray paint a year, under its own five brands and 100 private labels. Thirty million cans.have been produced without vinyl chloride, but they are not readily distinguished from the others, Plasti-Kote said. Repurchase would create an "administrative morass" because of the "monumentally large numbers" of aerosol cans being returned, the company said. "Consumer confusion will result in the needless expense of time and money," the firm added. Controversial doctor guide is described as useful tool SPRINGFIELD, HI. (AP) A consumers' guide to doctors, complete with prices, stirred up a hornet's nest of controversy here, but its publisher believes it is a useful tool which should be adopted elsewhere. Patterned after a similar guide by consumer advocate Ralph Nader, the guide lists a doctor's fees and office hours and tells where he was educated and whether he accepts Medicare patients. "It was just like stirring up a hornet's nest. It was unbelievable," said Ron Sakolsky, who headed the project in this central Illinois city of 100,000. "The medical society has a vested interest in keeping consumers in the dark. They don't want consumers to be able to make easy comparisons of such things as fees," said Sakolsky, an assistant professor at Sangamon State University. Nader's Health Research Group prepared the first such guide in 1973 in Prince George's County, Md. It was designed to be a model for similar guides throughout the nation. Robert McGarrah of Washington, D.C., who headed the Nader project, said in a telephone interview that the Springfield guide was the second one to be completed. McGarrah said about a dozen more are being prepared elsewhere in the country. "Anyone who has ever had to find a doctor knows how much trouble it is," McGarrah said. "Sometimes the medical society has a referral bureau that will give you the names of a few doctors — but they never say whether the doctor is any good or charges so much for a five-minute visit that you'd be better off in a hospital emergency room." The Springfield guide is available for free at bookstores and other shops. Sakolsky said that while the guide may not be able to give definitive advice on a physician's skill, it can provide some hints, like his hospital staff appointments. Because of opposition from the Sangamon County Medical Society, only 54 of Springfield's 215 doctors provided the requested information for the guide, Sakolsky said. The other doctors were listed in the guide as being "uncooperative." The medical society mailed its members an "alert memo" which said: "It might be considered prudent NOT to approve the publishing of^ information requested." Dr. Donald Yurdin, the society president, said he sent out the alert "not because we're trying to hide anything, but we question whether it's either ethical or legal for us to supply some of the information." Cattle killing leader says protest growing STEPHENVILLE, Tex. (AP) — A leader of a proposed protest calf slaughter said today stockmen in at least six stated will join in mass cattle killings Oct. ftf'Unless President Ford meets with their representatives. Members of the Cross Plains Milk and Beef Association or* ganized such a slaughter and trucked about 800 calves to a dairy near here Wednesday to shoot and bury them in a trench. The slaughter was postponed for two weeks after appeals from the White House, Texas Gov. Dolph Briscoe and Texas Agriculture Commissioner John White. However, White House spokesmen said Wednesday and repeated Thursday that Ford has no plans to meet with the cattlemen. The spokesmen said Ford is aware of stockmen's statements that feed is so high that they cannot bring a calf to edible size without losing $100 to $150 per animal. James Traweek, president of the Cross Timbers group, said today he had received calls "from all over the nation" since Wednesday. Traweek said stockmen from Wyoming, California, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Missouri and other states have called, saying they plan to organized slaughters in their areas for Oct. 16, two weeks after Wednesday's action here. Traweek termed a slaughter a "sure thing" unless Ford meets with cattlemen within two Weeks. "This thing Is going to mush- ro6«r if they don't wake up in Washington/' Traweek said. "There's going to be a mass slaughter of cattle across the country," He said some of the callers wanted to begin mass slaughters today but that he asked them to "hold off for two weeks as we agreed to do." Traweek said he Is sure, however, that the slaughters planned for Oct. 16 would be carried out if no meeting with the president is set. "I don't think there is any way I could stop it," Traweek said. A spokesman for Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., said a group of about 100 ranchers is expected to meet in Washington Oct. 9 with Asst. Agriculture Secretary Clayton Yeutter. Most of the stockmen from the Stephenvllle area taking part in the slaughter plans are dairymen who also sell young cattle. At the scene of the proposed slaughter Wednesday, stockmen voted after heated arguments to postpone the killings. One stockman said the calves scheduled for slaughter weighed about 90 pounds, too small to be edible. He said a calf must be fed until it reaches about 350 pounds to be suitable for table fare. Bookkeeper escapes _. : :r±:r'"f^:':*^-. from her kidnapers *f " - . • JL \ ••• COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) - A pregnant bookkeeper, abducted during a Kentucky bank robbery and left bound and gagged in a motel room here, escaped unharmed early today, police said. Betty Ison, 21, whose baby is due in five weeks, pulled off her ropes and walked out of the room five hours after the robber and his accomplice abandoned her. The FBI said it was looking for James Herbert Fultz, 45, and Raymond Clifford Hall, 29, both from Kentucky, who were charged today in the $14,000 robbery of the Peoples Bank of Sandy Hook, Ky., 160 miles south of here. The two men were charged previously in a Sept. 6 bank robbery in SaJt Lick, Ky., the FBI said. Mrs. Ison was abducted at lunchtime Thursday from the Sandy Hook bank by a gunman. A cousin in Columbus said Mrs. Ison told police that two men left her in the small motel room on the city's south side about seven hours after the robbery. Mrs. Robert Fraley said her cousin told police the men tied her and warned her not to attempt to escape. About five hours later she walked out of the room and told her story to the motel manager, who called police. Mrs. Ison told police she was "trealed very well." She declined a medical examination, police said. A break for motorists WASHINGTON (AP) — Price cuts by two major oil companies and renewed indications that President Ford is against increasing federal gasoline taxes have provided motorists al least some temporary good news. But Melvin R. Laird, a friend and informal adviser of Ford, called Thursday for the adoption of standby authority for gasoline rationing, saying it will be needed sooner or later. The gasoline price cuts were announced by Mobil Oil Corp. and Amoco Oil Corp., a division of Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. Mobil reduced gasoline prices by 2 cents a gallon and Amoco made a 3 cent-a-gallon cut. Amoco also lowered its price on No. 1 and No. 2 distillate oil by 3 cents a gallon. The cuts were effective immediate))', and are in line with federal regulations linking wholesale gas prices to firms' crude oil costs. Both oil companies confirmed that cost cuts for motorists are certain only at company-owned stations. Independent dealers will pay lower wholesale prices but they determine Iheir own pump prices. The indicalions lhat Ford opposes raising the federal gasoline tax came both from Rep. Bill Archer and White House Press Secretary Ron Nessen. Archer, R-Tex., said Ford disclosed that he has "no in- tention of sending a proposal for a 20-cent gasoline tax increase to Congress." And Nessen said that while the tax was among options suggested to Ford, the President opposed it. Laird issued his call for standby rationing authority while moderating a conference on world oil problems. "Sooner or later a rationing system is going to be needed," he said. He said some $100 billion per year is flowing to oil exporters and in six years thp transfer may amount to 1600 billion, em amount more than the value of all stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange. bo i^ird predicted that eventually rationing will be necessary, coupled with taxes to discourage energy use. Administration sources, meanwhile, said Ford will announce soon that Interior Secretary Rogers C.B. Morton will replace Treasury Secretary William E. Simon as chairman of the cabinet level Committee on Energy. Miss your paper? "ity Subscribers: If you fail to receive your Star please phone 777-3431 between 6 and 6:30 p.m.—Saturday before or by 5 p.m. and a carrier will deliver your paper.
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