Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 14, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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The Byline of Dependability Hope Star The Weather Arkansas — Slightly cooler in extreme south, little temperature change elsewhere tonight. VOLUME 44—NUMBER 180 Star of Hope, 1899; Pr«ss, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (N6A)—Means Newspaper Enterprise .Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Yanks Land on Attu Island Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN War'i Construction Era Over Around the Town Yesterday's Washington dispatches said the War Production Bogfd, believing the nation now has the "production to beat the Axis", will call up 4 billion dollars' worth of government-financed plant projects for review and possible can- celation. -•© Offensive Plans in the Making Says Churchill Washington, May 14 —(/P)—Prime Minister Churchill, declared today he and his military experts had met with President Roosevelt to "plan well ahead of the Armies who arc moving swiftly forward," and indicated general offensive plans were in the making. "U is no good only having one march ahead laid out," he said in a broadcast to the British home guard on the third anniversary of its life, speaking by radio from the White House. "March after march must be planned as far as the human eye can sec. Design and forethought must be our guides and heralds. "We owe it to the fighting troops. We owe it to the vast communities we arc lending out of the dark places; we owe it to heroic Russia, to long tormented China; we owe it to the captive and enslaved nations who beckon us on through their prison bars," Urging the home guard which rendCiicfl J 'such' valiant service in •ml&llMO when Britain was unddr severe' air assault from Germany, to continue its vigilance, Ihc prime minister said that "until Hitler and Hillcrism arc beaten into unconditional surrender, the danger of invasion (of Britain) will never pass away." Asserting "victory is no conclusion," and that "victories gained by the way must be a Churchill said: spur," ,') "We must prepare for the time which is approaching and will surely come, when the bulk of these armies (Anglo American troops in Britain) xvill have advanced across the seas into deadly I grapple on the continent." ' WPB said: "With the exception of certain special machinery, and further expansion of raw materials production ,lhc United Slntcs at last has the machine tools and the capital equipment it needs to build production to defeat the Axis." This is good news of importance equal to a major continental victory of our fighting forces. It means that the long and tedious waiting period while civilian factories were converted to war production, and brand new factories were built, has come to an end. It means that while up to this moment a good part of our national effort was diverted into construction of war plants, from here on out our whole Home Front effort can be brought directly to bear on the business of production. And, in the long run, it means possibly an early end to the strangulation of many civilian lines of business. With the tapering off of plant construction for war there may be some casing of men and materials for civilian uses. Not that we should be overly optimistic on this point, for our war effort has not yet actually touched the enemy on the European continent—but we can begin to see light on the subject. If not this year, then perhaps next year. * * * I hear that on Mud lake a Hope business man had a good fishing boat. Naturally he wished to protect the boat whilc"hc was absent uptown earning a living. So he got a heavy chain, a big padlock, and secured the good boat to a very large tree. That, he said, ought to fix it. But it didn't. Yesterday he went down to Mud lake—and was hopping mad. Somebody, had pulled the chain, but it wouldn't give. They had battered the padlock, but it held. So they cut down the tree—and used the boat anyway. Army Battles Flood Waters in Little Rock Area Little Rock, May 14 —(/I 1 )— Tho Army joined the Arkansas River valley's flood - wise inhabitants today in combatting the surly stream that poured the greatest flood in its history across hundreds of thousands of acres and battered against straining levees. General service engineer troops, augmented by 3,500 ijasic trainees from Camp Robinson and pontoon engineers took up the fight at some halt dozen danger points below hero and at other spots along the White River in eastern Ark- Allies Turn Air Power on Sicily, Sardinia. Berlin •?:•£ • By EDWARD KENNEDY -^ Allied Headquarters in North »f- rica, May 14 — (/P) — AUiedJfir I squadrons rained powerful bl< By The Associated Press London, May 14 —(/P)— Berlin, Czechoslovakia and the Ruhr Valley of Germany were pounded in I great strength by British bombers upon Sardinia, Sicily ahd.Italy:.y|s- 1 last night and the Berlin radio re tcrday in an offensive no longer ! ported four - cngincd American divided by the necessity nor sup- 1 bombers had attacked the North port of ground Irobtts in Tunisia^ German coastal area at noon to' Boris Appeals , to Hitler As Revolt Spreads London, May 14 — (/I 1 ) — King Boris of Bulgaria has sent an ur- I' gent appeal to Adolf Hitler for additional secret police units us protection against internal disturbances, reports reaching Allied governments said today. These advices said it was unclcr- | ; atood the Gestapo chief himself, lleinrich Himmlcr, was to Sofia. hurrying Squabble Over Drafting of Family Men Washington, May 14 (/I 3 )— The nation's fathers were caught in a tug-of-war between the executive and legislative brandies of the government today, with the former apparently seeking to pull them into military service soon and the latter starting a move to hold them out — at least until next ansas. Their mission was to reinforce the eastern bulwarks protecting river communities and additional thousands of acres planted to cotton, food and feed crops. Lowland dwellers, veterans of almost annual floods since the disastrous 1927 flood, already had completed their exodus. They took farm machinery and much livestock with them but the loss to crops and stationary property was tremendous. Upstream, where- the U. S. engineers had abandoned hope of saving main levees in Arkansas, the river left ruin and death. Six known deaths were recorded in Oklahoma and 22 persons still were unaccounted for in that stale where the stream was falling rapidly. More than 500,000 acres, according to U. S. engineer estimates, were under water which still was spreading as the crest moved toward Little Rock. There were no confirmed casualties in Arkansas. At Fort Smith, where the river crested Wednesday at 41.7 feet— 3.7 feet higher than the 110 - year- old record, GOO flooded blocks were quarantined by health authorities. Fort Smith officials, announced that only a two days normal supply of water was on hand for that ciiy of 40,000. They cstimalccl il would lasl another four days by careful use. They appealed to citizens to curtail their water consumption while repair crews vorkcd feverishly to restore lljq big mains which carried the water nto the city and Camp Chaffeq rom an Ozarks Lake. The conduits, slung beneath the Fort Smith-Van Burcn bridge, were ruptured by the force of the flood ind battering debris. The river at Fort Smith was Tailing. It had submerged the first doors of all plants and warehouses in the manufacturing district, disrupted train and highway communications between Lilllc Rock and Forl Smith. The American Red Cross was caring for refugees, not fully counted, all along the stream above hero. Some 500 families were evacuated from Little Rock's east end. U. S. Flying Fortresses .and m*£l- ium bombers delivered a smajjjjp ing assault upon Cagliari, port a'lj.d air base which long helped support Axis forces in North Africji. The raid was Ihc biggnst yet in- dertaken against Sardinian tssr- gets, far surpassing that on MWd- dalena two weeks ago. ••*•&• About 20 enemy vessels WQ'e sunk or damaged and large ?I Oil fires were started at the Sicilian harbor of Augusla by about 50 U. S* Liberators. Attacking frojn Middle East bases, they dumped almost 250,000 pounds of explosives there under RAF fighter escoH from Malta. Naples, Rcgglo Calabria and Messina were olhcr. cilies which felt the fury of air poer unleashed by the unconditional surrender of the last of Col. Gen. Jur- gcn Von Arnim's fighting men [a surrender thai yielded enormous quantities of war supplies and nearly 175,000 German and Italiah prisoners. The last of the captives went to prison camps. "No Axis forces remain in North Africa who arc not prisoners In our hands," the Allied communi quo said. "The lasl. remaining elements surrendered at U;45 hour's (6:45a:m. Central War Time) ' Hitler Expected to Start Drive Against Soviets Washington, May 14 (fP)— Adolf Hitler probably will make a desperate attempt to win some spectacular victory over Russia in the next few weeks, qualified authorities predicted today, to offset the loss of prestige and morale which Germany suffered as a result of the rout of her armies in North Battle Raging on Enemy-Held Aleutian Base A British Naval force slammed 20 broadsides into the harbor area of Pantcllcria at dawn yesterday Shore batteries of the Italian island replied, but their fire was in effective, Allied headquarters an nounced. Panfelleria lies 45 mlies east o (he tip of Cap Bon. British Wellingtons made a nigh attack against Naples, droppini blockbusters on selected targets of mat Axis supply center. Malta - based intruders prowled the .skies over Sicily and the toe of the Italian boot, and communications were bombed and shot up. Tons of bombs were dropped on the harbor, industrial and warehouse areas of Cagliari by the \j. S. Fortresses, Mitchells ana Marauders. day, extending the augmented Allied air offensive to nearly 48 hours of incessant assault. The British lost 34 bombers last night in a swift, punishing sequel of Ihc record punch at Germany's leading river port of Duisburg the nighl before. In daylight yesterday, American heavywcighls bombed Meaull and SI. Omcr. Berlin's version of the North German bombings, recorded from adio accounts by ' the Associated 3 rcss, was not confirmed from Eighth U. S. Air Force headquar- ,crs. The Germans claimed at least hroc bombers were destroyed in ierce air battles in which Go/man 'ightcrs rose to challenge the raiders, which were beset also by mcd- um and heavy flak. Wilhelmshaven, Kiel and Kmclen aavc been frequent Allied air tor- gets on the German north coast, jut the Germans did not specify the fog - shrouded targcls. British authoritative sources said preliminary reconnaissacc reports indicated "heavy industrial (Continued on Page Three) -- «••« -Reds Advance Toward Black Sea Port Africa. This likelihood was regarded as posing a current and to some extent urgent problem for President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and their military advisers, arrying their strategy conferences ere into the third day. It could ave an immediate and direct earing on any decisions yet to be made about combined American- Jritish operations against western Europe this year. The conferees remained silent bout the nature and progress of heir discussions on global strategy, but several occasions on which some inkling of the talks nay be given out have not been scheduled. The earliest of these is Mr. Roose velt')s press conference which was set for today. Later in the day Mr. Churchill will be broadcast to England on the anniversary of the British home guard, but this is expected to be almost entirely for iiome consumption. Next Wednesday the prime minister is to address a joint session of Congress, and he may give some hint then of- what lies ahead. The only official word given out thus far about Mr. Churchill's latest trip to Washington, other than the news of his arrival on Tuesday, was a White House disclosure late yesterday that he\had .traveled, by ship and train, instead of flying here as he did last June. All indications were, however, Churchill Reassures China's Kai-Shek Washington, May 14 (/Pi- Prime Minister Winston Churchill has informed Generalissimo Chiang Kai - Shek "the day will come when we shall rejoice. . . at feats of arms of the United Nations which will surely drive the Japanese invader from the soil of China." The British leader was replying to a message of congratulation from the Chinese Generalissimo on the Allied victory in Africa. His words served to underscore indications that he and President Roosevelt, in their war strategy conferences here might be plotting new, massive blows at Japan. At the same time, Churchill released a message from General Dwgiht D, Eisenhower, Allied commander in chief in North Africa, giving "my assurance that this army will continue to pourtd until Hitlerism has been • been exterminated from the earth." Lightnings and strongly escorted There was no information, however, on whether concerted outbreaks had occurred. I Meanwhile i n d ii q alions that trouble might be b r c w i n g in France were seen in reports of a recent Gestapo roundup of some 200 members of the Vichy government said to have been suspecl- ed of cominunic*aling with French |) resistance groups or Allied agents. It also was asscrled lhal Grand Admiral Kacrman, naval commander in chief, had moved his head- quarlcrs from Paris to Kiel, Germany, because he felt unsafe in |-, France. German - occupied Holland, seething with unrest, had a warning from its exiled government today that premature revolution would lead only to crushing German retaliation before it could I j grow into large sclale underground warfare. The official hint that the time is not yet ripe for wide - spread uprisings coincided with reports of spreading violence' in both Hol( ; land and Belgium, and a Swedish newspaper reported rioting had oc- i curred in Berlin. : Raido Orange mouthpiece of the ! exiled Netherlands government, j warned the homeland that a wide- I ,, ly-distributed circular urging the j ' -' Dutch to register in an underground movement "to help the British troops liberate your people" is a German plot "to indite Netherlands violence over the shortest period possible and to break it most forcibly so that the consequent terror regime and the German plans may be executed without further disturbance." With impending new Allied offensives hinting that a call for thousands of more fighting men might soon be in order, the Army extended the furlough period given new Miductces from seven to 14 days and directed that it be increased to three weeks by Sept. 1. The two weeks extension is to be put into effect as soon as possible, and in no case later than July 1. Although no reason was given for the move, other than that one week caused hardships "in some cases," it was understood the War Department felt fathers would need more time than single or childless married men to settle their personal and business affairs when inducted. Thus, the announcement was interpreted as heralding the drafting of fathers on a large scale in the near future. At the same time, however, Chairman Reynolds (D-NC) of the Senate Military Committee paved the way today for a new congressional fight to exempt fathers for the rest of 1943 by calling for hearings to start Monday on the House- approved Kilday bill. While the bill would only delaj the enduction of fathers, Senatoi Wheeler (D-Mont.), a member of the committee, said he would seek to substitute a flat exemption pro posal for the House measure. Reynolds' action was promptec by a communication from the Wai Department yesterday requeslim high ranking officiates permittee to testify on the measure. Committee attaches declined re All seven of the main levees in Conway county were rendered ineffective late ycstrday and last night as the river burst or overtopped them. Dardanclle was cut oft on both sides by water, highway 7 being closed between there and Ola and to the cast towards Russellvillc. The Army spotted detachments if engineers at Altheimer, Dunas, Cotton Plant, Blylheville, >ino Bluff and Kennett, Mo. Dawn ound them on the levees near s'hich they had bivouacked over- light. House Committee Finds Lovett Unfit Washington, May 14 (/!')— The hlouse Appropriation committee today approved a subcommittee's recommendation finding Robert Morss Lovett, secretary of the Virgin Islands, unfit to hold a government office. The full committee ordered Chairman Kerr (D-NC) of a subcommittee investgialing government employes suspected to subversive affiliations to offer an amendment to a pending deficiency appropriation bill denying any funds for the payment of the salary of Lovett or of Dr. Goodwin B. Watson and Dr. William E. Dodd, Jr., Federal Communications Commission employes previously held unfit for public office by the full committee. Lovett, Watson and Dodd were among the government employed accused by Chairman Dies (D- Tcx.) of the House Committee on unAmerican activities of having been affiliated with subversive organizations. The Kerr sub - committee was set up to investigate the three cases and those of more W a r h a w k s the explosive carriers in this thrust against the most important naval, mining and commercial shipping point of Sardinia. Thirty German and Italian fighters rose to challenge the Americans and nine were shot down. One plane of the formation's escort was shot down by the enemy. A ship in the harbor blew up. Others were left burning. Naval berths, oil tanks and freight yards were also lit by fires. Crewmen said the flames were visible from a distance of 100 miles. The attack was "considered by observers to have been the most successful of any recent raids," the official report said. Wellingtons used a column ol By Eddy Gilmore Moscow, May 14 —(/P)— Battling against still - stubborn German resistance in the Kuban, the Red Army has advanced in some sectors and captured additional lines northeast of the Black Sea port of Novorossisk, dispatches from the front said today. (The German communique said vfazi artillery had set warhouses fire in Leningrad, but that the vhole front was quiet yesterday. 'he bulletin was broadcast by Berlin and recorded by the As- ociated Press.) The dispatches did not indicate he extent of the Red Army's •nosl recent gains, but said defin- .e progress had been made in the ace of strong German counter-at- smokc from Mount Vesuvius against the moonlight as a market to lead them to Naples harbor With both heavy bombs and incendiaries they raided munitions de pots, oil storage and industria areas. lease of the letter in advance of the hearing, but it was reported to have expressed disfavor of the Kilday bill and a previously published communication from Secretary of War Stimson expressed unequivocal opposition to Wheel- I el's proposal. than a score of oilier employes named by Dies. The committee's report today cleared Arthur Edward Goldschmidt and Jack Bradley Fahy, interior department employes, holding that both are lit to public positions of trust. hold 1,150,000 Acres in State Are Flooded Little Rock, May 14 W)—U. S. engineers estimated today that 1,150,000 acres were or would be inundated by the flooding waters of the Arkansas and White rivers which today poured record crests into the center of this state. More than 3,500 infantry troops from Camp Robinson went into action along threatened levees this morning under supervision of the 393rd Engineer Regiment from Camp Claiborne, La. The Engineers, some 1,000 strong, took up their positions last night. Most of the troops were set to sandbagging and patrol work on the Arkansas river levees between Little Rock and Pine Bluff. Some of the Louisiana troops were sent to stations along the White and St. Francis rivers in northern and eastern Arkansas. acks. Yesterday frontline dispatches said the Red Army had smashed nto secondary German defenses lorlheast of the city and was at- .acking the inner defenses under i tremendous barrage of hundreds of big guns. (The mid - day communique, as recorded in London by the Soviet Monitor, said the heavy barrage was continued during the night.) The artillery barrage was s heavy, these advices added that it presaged a final big push to shove ihe Germans into the sea. The air war, which currently is fiercer than anything on land, was mounting loay following widespread action ranging from the central front to Warsaw, capital of Poland, which the Russians bombed Wednesday night. Soviet airmen blasted at many objectives during the night and raided a railway junction and communication lines. German planes were also active last night, striking at Liski, about 45miles southeast of Voronezh on the southern front. A. dispatch from the Kuban to Izvestia, official government newspaper, related one instance where German air units were superior to the Russian, that the preliminary talks between the two leaders have been completed and that they now are in virtual seclusion, going over their plans step by step. Speculation here continued to cover a wide field of possibilities, revolving principally around the prospects of an early invasion of Europe and a speed - up of the tempo of war in the Pacific. It was in connection with the invasion talk that. probable German reaction to the defeat in Tunisia assumed greatest significance. There are several things Hitler might try to bolster the shaken confidence of his own people, restore the prestige of his government among satellite nations and discourage as far as possible the rebelliousness bom of hope in conquered countries. One of these, as military authorities on the American east coast have repeatedly warned, would be a long range bombing attack on New York, Washington or some other city which his big planes might reach on a suicide mission. Even if it succeeded, however, such a raid could give the German High Command only temporary relief from his morale headaches and would gain no conceivable military advantage. Another possibility would be to try to stage a few extremely heavy raids on London as evidence the Luftwaffe still has the power to strike offensively and that the British can be repaid in kind for tho heavy destruction which they and the American Air Force ars now pouring on Germany daily. But the ony place where the German army can strike is in Russia, and it is there the blow is believed to be most likely to fall. The Germans might launch a major new offensive this spring in the south, drive to get within siege distance of Moscow or throw all their available weight into a new campaign to capture Leningrad at Enemy Loses 2,000 Planes in North Africa •' ** Washington, May 14 — (If) .The Allied Air Forces of North Africa destroyed approximately 2)000 enemy planes while losing about 770 in the six months and three days between the landings in French North Africa and the collapse of Axis resistance May 11. The War Department reported this today in a review of the spectacular part placed by the Allied team under Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur W. Tedder. It said that in the first 11 days of May alone the score was 300 Axis planes destroyed against 49 Allied aircraft lost, a ratio of 6 to 1, and added that from May 7 — "the enemy air army literally danced to the Allies' tune, losing approximately 11 planes for every AUied plane brought down." This score, however, was "only a fragment of the air contribution to the North African campaign, the department continued, since faraway strategic bombings against German production centers fitted the pattern of Mediterranean strategy. "The campaign provides the first large - scale demonstration of the resistlessness of an. aerial striking force employing all its capabilities in an integrated pattern," said the report. "It is an example of the net result of coordination of all types of military airplanes, or air power enabling the reduction of the size of a force required to do a job and shortening the time required to do it." —Washington I Washington, May 14 — (ff>) — nited. Stales forces landed on ^ apane'se - held .Attu island in the leutians Tuesday, the Navy .'an-! >! ounced tdday, and are now locked J n b.attle with 'enemy forces. Trie landing was .announced in $ •• Vavy communique number 376, which said: •-*•'..'• t "North Pacific: , 1. .On May'jllth: United States t orces landed .at the Island of At- ' u in the' Aleutians, and are now engaged^with Japanese -forces pn he island. Details of the opera- sv ion will be released when the si- , \ tuation ^clarifies." ., ' Njivat spokesmen declined to go . beyond,;,! the liiriits of this bare , announc'ememY or offer any com- > ment on . the course of the fight-- ing.' ,.•• >,.'. (First word of the landing opera- , tion came from the Tokyo radio which broadcast a Japanese imperial headquarters communique today saying the landing began Wednesday and that a fierce battle was in progress. " '(That communique, as recorded by the Federal Communications commission, said "crack American forces began landing on At- suta island of the Aleutians on May 12.'Our forces on the same island have, intercepted them and , are now engaging them in fierce battle." The Japanese had renamed Attu Atsuta after thdAt- sut shrine at Nagoya, Japan.) The 'size of the enemy's garrison on 'Attu is not known but '-it 5 is believed,-to be smaller than the approximately, 10,000 troops report- . edaon-.Kiska'-Jslan,d, ; .' east of AttuV • There'was no indication today _.__j./any^attack had'.been made' oh Kiska and this led'.to speculation-that' the United' .States ma- heuve'r Vas de.sifjned ^to outflank but this was not taken to mean that the Russians had lost air superiority, as it probably referred to only one battle. Soviet forces made additional night forays behind the Nazi lines in mud flats and marsh areas of the Kuban, were reported to have sunk eight boats loaded with German troops. (The mid - day communique as heard in London said that Russian ships and planes sank two enemy transports and two trawlers in the Barents Sea in the far north.1 The Russians announced that they had seized the initiative in the Lisichansk area of the Donets front after several days of fierce German counter - attacks, had driven forward considerably and had improved their position. This was the best progress reported from the Donets since the Germans began their counter - attacks a week ago. Virtually no action was reported from the other fronts. the northern end of the battle line. For the British and American commands this would appear to raise once more the question of commitments to give all possible help to Russia by attacking Germany's western European front. the mote strongly held enemy base and if possible, place its gar- . rison .In an' almost untenable posi- , tioh before attacking there. , „ Attu .has been used as a supply pdirit .{or Kiska and .presumably ^ American possession of Attu would greatly reduce Kiska's usefulness to the eheimy as a potent - air base and ,a, submarine operating base. .;, . • / • ^* Possession c.of Attu > would give the American':-Aleutians command a weather observation station west of • Kiska — a fact of supreme importance in the Aleutians where weather- is. most constant single problem .which airmen and seamen lace. Heretofore the advantage has been all with the Japanese because the weather moves from west, to east and they knew what conditions would. . be when United States forces could not know. •'.. ' '.: Possession of Attu, provided it reduces :the Japanese garrison on Kiska to impotence and . puts American . forces in position to knock out Kiska speedily, would afford an American base, within 630 nautical miles of Japan's great base of Paramushiru which is at the northern end o f the Kuriles island extending between Japan proper and Russia's Kamchatka peninsula. If the Japanese have succeeded in carving an airbase out of AUu's mountainous landscape, American forcse undoubtedly would devote full energies toward completing it as speedily as possible in order to bring Paramushi-. ru in aerial bombardment. Landed In Fog By The Associated Press New York, May 14 — Japanese imperial headquarters said in 9 Senate rejected, 57 to 21, today an I broadcast communique today that Senate Rejects Amendment to Tax Plan Washington, May 14 — (/P)— The Department Store Sales Increase St. Louis. May 14 — (/P) —Measured by dollar volume, department store sales in the Eighth Federal Reserve district in April were 14 per cent higher than in the same month last year. The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis today also reported these gains for individual cities: St. Louis, 3 per cent; Memphis, 32: LiUle Rock, 32; Springfield. 28; Fort Smith, 36, and 13 per cent for a group including El Dorado and Pine Bluff, Ark., Jackson, Tenn.. and Clarksdale, Miss. amendment to the pay - as - you- go revenue bill to credit curren- paymenls agains tlhis year's income and collect the full 1942 lax in 10 semi-annual installments beginning next March 15. | This was the Senate's first test of sentiment on cancelling income lax obligations. The amendment was offered by Senator Ellender (D-La.), who told he Senate he thought it was wicked' to abale anybody's taxes in wartime. U was opposed by Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the Finance Commitlee, who said Ihe time has passed when Congress could con- lemplale current collection of laxes without abatement of some of the accrued liabilily. Rejected on the EUendero proposal cleared the way for a vote later on a proposal by George to abate 75 per cent of a year's taxes for everyone, collecting the remaining 25 per cent in two annual installments beginning next March in addition to the payments made on the current, year's liabilily. "crack American forces" started landing Wednesday on Attu is- lland in the bleak fog - shrouded Aleutians and that a fierce battle was in progress. "They first shelled the island by sea with naval artillery and at rhe same time, American airmen dropped bombs," the broadcast, recorded by the Associaced Press said. "Although the enemy was nu^ merically superior, Japanese troops immediately took up the fight which still was going on Friday evening. "Kiska, to the east of Attu, which aiso is i n Japanese hands, so far is not included in the American landing operations." Attu ts the western most of the Japanese empire from Alaska. Near the international dateline, the island is 2,00$ mile , from Tokyo is the bomber? fly The Japanese capitol is within theoretica range of U. S. bombers which could be based on a strip the Japanese were reported to have built.

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