Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 13, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
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Thursday, May 13, 1943
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',1 ' ,1 , f i • } Hie By/ine of •1 Dependability Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 179 Stor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star HOPS, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY, 13~ 1943 Flood Waters Falling Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Flood—the Great Destroyer ~ Clyde Ellis' Work Unfinished The teletype reports today that "fishing is good on Highway 71"—for the Kansas City-New Orleans road is under water near Fort Smith as the greatest flood in the history of t^c Arkansas river comes out of Oklahoma and brings death olid destruction to our state. Disorders in Europe Follow German Defeat London, May 13 — (/P) — T li c Dutch government - in - exile in London urged Holland's 400,000 f; - servicemen to defy German soldiers lo register for re-internment today as news of Ihe smashing Axis defeat in North Africa inspired new unrest in Adolf Miller's European citadel. <~/.Thc Dutch Appeal, broadcast by me Free Netherlands stalion radio Orange, warned the ex - servicemen the Germans intended to make them "labor slaves" and advised them to defend themselves against altcmpls at arrest. ^Thc broadcast represented an unprecedented action on the part of the exiled government, which thus — by implication, al any rale — advocated for Ihe firsl time a policy of outright physical rcsist- C,«ce in the home land. German authorities, who had directed the reinlcrnmenl of all former members of the Dutch urmed,forces for the apparent purpose of; preventing them from ro- npt-raUi)* in a»ipi?j>i>JbU. ; - Ailii.-: 1 . m- tfasion,' had set ' today as the deadline for rcgislralion. In urging the ex-servicemen to disregard Ihe order, Ihe radio Orange announcer said: -The Netherlands government's '..flvicc is 'Do not register.' I repeat, 'Do not register',". The broadcast warned the Germans would try lo hunt down those who failed to register, but said this would not prove easy. QThe broadcast came as Axis sources disclosed five more Dutch cilizens had been executed in Ihe town of Eindhoven under a recent proclamation of martial law in the Netherlands, bringing the tolal put ,'"j death since May 1 to 43. V AI the same lime it was reported inhabitants of Eindhoven had been forbidden lo stand in doorways or windows after the nightly curfew, and police were instructed to shoot offenders on the '...(Sol. Eindhoven is the site of the oftr- bombed Phillips raido works and the Germans apparently were afraid the D u I. c h might be signal- ling Allied raiders. A reuters dispatch from Slock) Jim said reports there were lhal snooting broke out. in the streets of Holland's cities three days after marlial law was declared, and that the names of 44 execuled persons had been announced, although many more were known lo ..eve been shot The Dutch News Agency Ancta also reporled that trouble was brewing in Holland over a Ger- maii order of May 5 ordering conscription of all sludenls who re- s' ysed lo sign declarations of obedience to occupation authorities. About 15,000 of the country's 18,000 students were said to have re- (Conlinued on Page Three) We have a war on now, but let -®us never forgcl that the vast job of controlling our rivers is unfinished —and it will bo waiting for us after victory has been won over mere human enemies. Fort Smith is Ihe hoi spol in any western Arkansas flood. I was marooned Ih'ere a week in Ihe spring of 1927 by Ihe second greatest flood of the Arkansas' history. Finally a combination train running over parts of Ihrec rail lines crawled in 24 hours from Fort Smith lo Lilllc Rock—and I was marooned in Little Rock for another week, trying lo gel back to El Dorado. This is the breath of disaster. Not merely the physical disaster of smashed railroad lines and highways and town buildings, bul Ihe unlold disasler of hundreds of Ihousands of acres of ruined crops. II is laic in the crop year, and this flood will cover more acres than any other in the western and central portions of the slalc—some- Ihing that all of us will feel before Ihe year is out. Former Congressman Clyde Ellis told us aabout all Ihis during his stirring fight for an "Arkansas TVA" of flood control and electric power projecls. A slart has been made on some of the rivers of the state, and on the Red river near Denison, Texas (which helps Fulton and Hope). But the awful sweep-of the Arkansas riven/ waters tells us the real job hasn't begun. . S. Destroyer Is Admitted Lost April 7 Washington, May 13 The Navy today identified Ihe three Allied ships sunk by Japanese off Gudal- ('••inal Island in the Solomons April v'as the American destroyer Aaron Ward, Ihe American tanker Kanawha and the New Zealand Corvelle Moa. The idenlifications were made in ;' communique which also report- Ld a resumption fo air attacks against enemy positions on Kiska Island in the Aleulians, three new raids against Japanese bases in the Solomon Islands, and a bombardment by American light warships | 'f the enemy positions at Vila and Munda in the Solomons. Resumption of air action in the Aleutians ended a four - day period of inactivily descirbed here as resulling from bad weather. The ivitest attack was made on May 11 Vnd the last raids previously reported against Kiska took jj]«ce on May 0. Little Chance for Manpower Surplus-WLB Washington, May 13 (/P) — News that the Uniled Slalcs "al lasl has the machine tools and the capital equipment it needs lo build production to defeal Ihe Axis" was tempered today by a Ireat of unemployment in .munitions centers. War Production Board officials declared, however, that every worker released from ordinance or munitions plant could be absorbed quickly by shipbuilding, aircraft and other industries still clamoring for help. In the process, there undoubtedly will be "some labor Imgralion," they Thousands of construction work- added. Thousands of construction workers will be affecled by WPB's decision, announced yeslerday, lo halt virtually all plant projects which cannot be completed by Ocl- ober, and many Ihousands more will be left idle during production switch - overs in munitons and machine lool plants. A WPB spokesman said cases of unemployment arising from the reconversion program would be "lemporary" and well scattered so that there would be few instances of severe labor dislocation. Neither WPB nor Ihe War Manpower Commission would venture to estimate the number of workers likely lo be effecled but the WPB spokesman said he disagreed violently with Ihe recent assertion of CLO President Philip Murray that 850,000 war workers would be left jobless in the next few months. In a speech April 10 Murray said this country had produced six times as many bombs as the United Nations could put in existing planes, and that munitons and steel production were "taperng off." However, WPB said: "There has been no reduction in the overall war program. There is on the horizon no indication whatever of a lessening in the demand for labor. Any slack. . . wll be absorbed speedily by the need to keep the total war program up to schedule." Some officials admitted the country has actually overproduced some war items. Specific terns were not named, but one source predicted Ihe curlailment would be felt in some ammunition and ordinance categories, certain chemical warfare supples, and some lypes of motor transport. In some instances war plants may be reconverted to civilian production to supply shortages of transportation, communications and other needed equipment. A newcomer in gasket materials is ^ product with a sponge-rubber core and a 'smooth outside coating of synthetic rubber. 175,000 Taken As Tunisia Resistance Ends —Africa By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 13 (/I 5 )— Allied mopping up parties hunted the last ragged remnants of Hitler's African armies in Tunisia today to round out a victory which Gen. Sir Harold Alexander said was "one of the most complete and decisive in history." A military spokesman estimated the prisoners' would total "near 175,000" when the last of the holdout detachments were rounded up in the offensive launched May 5. All organized resistance had ended. The Allied Air Force, with no more targets in North Africa, moved its aerial offensive across the Mediterranean. German and Italian armies were crushed and their commandcr-in- chief, Col. Gen. Jurgcn Von Arnim, was among the 150,000 captives already counted. Lieut. Gen. K.A.N, Anderson of the British First Army received Von Arnim yesterday i n his headquarters lent after the German, refusing to accept terms of unconditional surrender, was driven nearly 100 miles by automobile for an interview. Illustrating the Allied dominance, the Briton told war correspondents: "The situation is such that if Von Arnim won't sign the terms it won't matter anyhow." Von Arnim was cornered by the fourth Indian division near Stc. Marie Du Zit, midway between Tunis and Enfidavillc and on the approaches to the Cap Bon peninsula. He sent out envoys under a while flag and then surrendered, but ..declined to sign, the terms. These were IhnC th« enemy cease destruction of war material, turn over weapons undamaged, reveal details of mine fields and assist in clearing them. The small pockcls of enemy soldiers who foughl on either had not heard about the general debacle or preferred to remain in action de- spile the surrender of their commander. General Dwlght D. Eisenhower, reviewing the six - month campaign, said General Alexander, his deputy commander in chief in charge of ground forces, maneuvered cleverly so the firsl Army gol in the knockout punch from the west while the bulk of the enemy troops were held on the southern front by the fact "everyone, including the Germans," expected Ihe Eighth Army again would strike the major blow. The commander in chief said Britain, the United States and the Allied French "have a real reason for encouragement and hope as a result of this campaign." Allied armies dropped their final bomb in Africa at mid - morning yesterday. It was dropped by the Dersert Air Force, which loosed ils first one June II, 1940, on Tobruk the day after Italy entered the war. But the air force announced there would be no letup. It means merely that its atlacks will be Ihe Mediler- seclor facing Eighth M-my positions fighting was stubborn throughout yesterday morning, but Ihe battle ended as organized combat during the day. Enemy resistance collapsed suddenly in the area of Zaghouan, 28 miles south of Tunis. The Allied communique announced thai French Iroops, centering attacks in that eara, had captured more than 22,000 prisoners in the final 48 hours of combat. Enemy troops surrounded in 1he coastal sector north of Enfidaville were subjected lo a strong bombing atlack and Ihis aerial pounding "finally induced Ihe enemy First Army lo ask for terms," the communique said. Naval forces, which played an important part in the final stages of the batlle by preventing the escape of defeated Axis soldiers by boat, continued to patrol the coast of Cap Bo n peninsula. During the past few days naval vessels have picked up various craft bound for Pantelleria or Sicily and brought them bac| { to join their 150,000 companions behind barbed wire in Africa. Speaking of the prisoners, General Anderson said: "Perhaps they will be sent to Canada. At least two - thirds are Germans, which is very gratifying." General Alexander, in a man to man talk with his staff in a building tucked away in the Tunisian hills, said "we have wiped out an entire Army and today we stand masters of the whole of North Africa." concentrated across ranean. On the southern Raid of War Made on Duisburg London, May 13 (IP) British bombers delivered their heaviest attack of the war on Germany last night, dropping more than 1,500 tons of bombs on Ihe battered industrial center of Duisburg, it was announced today. Thirty four bombers were reported lost in the raid the first great night attack on the Reich since the smashing assault on Dortmund May 4. Allied raiders followed up this assault by streaming across the English channel this morning in bright sunlight to smash at the coast of occupied France. The rumble' of heavy explosions rolled back across the channel, and later twin motored bombers came winging home under a swarming escort of fighters. Duisburg, situated al Ihe junc- lion of the Rhine and Ruhr, is a vital transport , and communications center in addition 'to be? ing the site of important war industries. It was last bombed the night of April 26, when heavy RAF bombers unloaded 1,350 tons of high explosives on the city in one of the mightcst assaults undertaken by the RAF up to that time. An air ministry communique said visibility was good last night and that preliminary exports "indicate excellent results." The communique did n ol specify the exact weight of bombs dropped on Duisburg, but characterized-the raid unequviocally as "the heaviest attack of Ihe war." The greatest weight of bombs previously loosed on a single target was 1,500 tins — record that was set in the great 1,00 - plane raid on Cologne nearly a year ago and probably was equalled in the May 4 raid on Dortmund. The largest concentration of four - engined bombers ever sent out on a war mission participated in the latter assault. Thirty bombers failed to return from that fo- <ay. . Duisburg, which is only 12 miles west of oft - bombed Essen, had been bombed 59 times before. Among its important industries is the Vereinigte Stahlwerke munitions plant, which was reported heavily hit in successive raids on April 8 and 9. The German High Command communique said explosives and incendiaries wrought extensive damage in some places of western Germany, "particularly in the city .areas of Duisburg." Broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press, U said the population suffered casualties.) The Canadian Air Force was well represented in the armada which participated in last night's raid. Nine of the missing bombers were said lo be Canadian. I Seleclion of Duisburg as the target was regarded as significant, •] Continued on Page Three Red Airforcf Pounds-Naiis Behind Lines Moscow, May 13 —(/P)— The Soviet's large - scale air war again?': Nazi communication centers and troop and transport colufns has reached its highest intensity, and the Russians declared today it was interfering seriously with ambitious German offensive plans. '• Day and night blows continued upon the enemy's traffic concentrations on the southern end of the central front, the vital area which includes the cities of Brynsk and Orel, southwest of Moscow. The Germans were trying to move tremendous quantities of tanks, guns, munitions and reinforcements lo these salients, and the Russian airmen were seeing that the material ..did not get there. In the ground fighting the Soviet noon communique said Red Army troops had captured a "height of great tactical importance" in the Donets river valley near Lidi- chansk, aboul 125 miles soulheasl of Kharkov, killing more lhan 1,000 Germans and capturing about 1,000 men and great stores of military equipment. A German counteratlack oulside Novorossisk was reporled lo have been thrown back as Soviet 'artillery continued to pound al Nazi positions defending 'the Black Sea port. The communique said 600 or more Germans were killed yesterday in the continuing battle. Artillery duels were reporled raging on the Leningrad and Kalinin fronts and west of Rostov. Churchill to Address U. S. Congress Washington, May 13 — (IP)— Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Britain will address the American Congress next Wednesday at 11:30 a.m., Central War Time. Speaker Rayburn of the House invited him Ihis morning, he accepted, and Rayburn returned to the Capitol to arrange a joint Senate - House session. The White House said, meanwhile, that a radio address Churchill has scheduled for tomorrow afternoon will be almost entirely for home consumption in England. It will carry out a promise made before the prime minister came to the United States to honor the anniversary of the British home guards. American networks will carry the address if they wish. Whether Churchill's speech to Congress will be broadcast is up to Rayburn. IByrnes Averts iobcfeRe by Order Washington, May 13 — (IP}— The War Labor Board is back on a judicial basis loday in the opinion of its public members, and an incipient labor revolt is believed averted as a result of wage control concessions granted by Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes. Byrnes' policy directive , authorizes the WLB to make wage adjustments "to aid in the effective prosecution of the war or to correct gross inequilies," provided price ceilings or production cost levels are nol affected. This is substantially the authority the board has sought since the president issued his hold-the-line order April 8, limiting the board's operations to the little steel formula and the correction of sub - standard wages. Chairman William H, Davis said the new directive, issued late yesterday, "giyes Ihe board full judicial discretion within clearly slated limitations and for clearly defined purposes, and that's good administration." Dean Wyne L. Morse said he approved "because its judicial procedures make il possible for Ihe board lo perform its function of assisting the director of economic stabilization in holding the line aganist inflation." The other two public members, Dr. George W. Taylor and Dr. Frank .'P. Graham, were known to hold similar views. None of the board members would discuss specifically the directive's possible effect on a decision in the coal mine wage dispute but one of them, who cannot be idenlified, made Ihis comment in response to a question: "The boar- is no longer prohibited by any rigid rule from doing justice." Labor members would not comment immediately for reasons of organization policy, but there was unquotable evidence that this partial restoration of the board's discretionary power went a long way toward turning off the heat that was sure to be engendered at CIO and AFL meetings beginning today. The CIO vice presidents meet loday in Cleveland and the execu- live board meets there tomorrow. The AFL executive council will convene next Monday in Washington. Their protests are expected to be concentrated on prices. Labor leaders had denounced the hold- the-line order as a "straitjacket" for the War Labor Board while providing little executive control overprices. Local Dentists to Attend Convention Drs. A, J. Neighbours and F. D. Henry will leave Hope Sunday for J-.»ltle Rock to attend the Arkansas Dental association convention. They will be away from Hope until late Wednesday. India Looms As Operations Base Against Japs —Washington Washinglon, May 13 — (/P)—• The slrategic possibilities of India as a base for major operation), to Japan apparently constitule one of the main questions under discussion among President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and their top-flight military and naval commanders gathered i here for decisions on future war plans. Disclosure . that British General Sir Archibald P. Wevell, supreme commander in the India .- Burma theater, .had;:arrived led to speculation that a vastly'more active role for that sector of the front against Japan is in ,>the making. With Wavcll came Admiral Sir James Somerville, commander in chief of Britain's eastern fleet, based on Celon, and Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse, the theater air commander. These three' direct the only land, sea and air forces in position to open a route for heavy movement of supplies to China — the Burma road. That the enemy controls this road has become of extreme importance. First, the re-opening of the Mediterranean as a result of the Allied clean-up i n North Africa so shorten shipping routes to India that delivery of greatly increased materiel there this summer seems certain. Second, until those supplies can be trans-shipped to the Chinese armies and the American airforce in China the full weight of Allied military power cannot be brought to bear on Japan's Asiatic flank. The impression : persists Here that the broad patlern of action in Europe has already been fixed since any early invasion of the continent calls for such masses of men and material and such minute planning of detail that the strai- egy must have been laid out long before this. Messrs. Roosevelt, Churchill and their advisers might have to choose between alternative master plans and give a final "go ahead" order, some experts said, but ven this is by no means certain. The situation regarding the war with Japan appears to be much more fluid, however, and most authorities would not be surprised if important decisions for its 'development were reached at the current Washington meeting. Theoretically Japan is now encircled, but the ring needs to be (Continued on Page Three) The Weather Arkansas: Cooler tonight . , AP)—Means Associated Press NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise ,Ass'n Gen. von Armin Captured by British Force BY DANIEL DE LUCE British First Army Headquarters, Tunisia, May 12 — (Delayed) — (IP)— Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim, captured commander of the conquered Axis forces in Africa, was received today by Leiut. Gen. K.A.M. Anderson in the tent in a green pasture from which the Allied drive was directed. The dust - stained German was seized near Ste. Mari Du Zit today by the First Army sweeping in to attack from the rear the last pocket of enemy resistance near the southern edge of Cap Bon peninsula. Refusing at first to accept Anderson's terms of unconditional 'surrender. Von Arnim was ushered in for an interview after an automobile drive of nearly 100 miles. One hundred and thirly thousand prisoners at thai time were reported in Allied hands. (Since then it lias been announced in the House of Commons that the bag exceeds 150,000.) Gen. Anderson demanded that the enemy cease destruction of war material, turn over wapons undamaged, reveal details of mine fields and assist in clearing them. "The situation is such thai if Von Arnim won'l sign Ihe terms it won't matter anyhow," the general told war correspondents. "Elements of the German Ninetieth Light Infantry and oilier units haven't, surrendered yet, bul they are cut off with no chances of escaping or getting supplies. "The are wedged in between the First and Eighth Armies. (Since then the end of the Ba'.lle of North Africa has been announced from both Allied and Axis sides though the German High Command said isolated units were resisting in so far as they possessed ammunition.) One military source predicted that when mopping - up is concluded "the total prisoners will be near 175,000" since May 5. -® Fishing Good on Highway 71 Today Fort Smith, May 13 —(IP) — Fishing was good on tT. S. Highway 71 today. Two intrepid anglers, equpi- ped with rake and pitchfork, speared a good mess of cat- fsh and carp right in the middle of the highway across which backwater from , - the flooded Arkansas river was swirling above the Van Buren bridge. Catches averaged about two pounds each. The unorthodox fishermen would spear vigorously as the fish darted across the pavement inches deep in water. One hugh catfish was chased into a flooded welding shop just off the highway. Onlookers joined in the hunt but the fish managed to sneak through the backdoor to safety. MacArthurand Halsey Also Confering By The Associated Press New Allied blows against Japan in the Southwest Pacific and the India - Burma theater were sharply foreshadowed in a series of developments today. The highlights: 1. At an advanced U. S. base in the South Pacific, it was officially disclosed that Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr., the Navy's commander in the South fighting Seas, had conferred with Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Australia and mapped plans for "utilizing the total means at their disposal." Significance was added by the fact it was their first meeting since the war began. 2. In Washington, informed sources declared the strategic possibilities of India as a base for major operations against Japan was apparently one of the .main topics ;under discussion ,,.by - President Roosevelt 'a'nd. •'"Prime -'"Minister Churchill. Also on the capital scene, in close touch with the'Allied leaders, were Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell, Admiral Sir James Somerville and Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse. Observers pointed out these three direct the .only land, sea and air forces in position to open a route .for heavy movement of supplies to embattled China via the long - closed Burma road. With reopening of the Mediterranean, as a result of the Allied conquest of North Afrcia, shipping routes to India China will be and .thence shortened by to approximately 5,000 miles, thus facilitating the delivery of greatly increased supplies to the armies of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. Moreover, once the Chinese armies and the U, S. Air Force in China have been reinforced, the full shock of Allied military power can be directed against Japan's Asiatic flank. One of the immediate effects may well be the strengthening of Marshal Wavell's million - man Indian army, potentially a tremendous striking force, which has been handicapped by lack of modern equipment and supplies. At present, Wavell's advanced forces are fighting a precarious campaign against reinforced Japanese troops driving toward the India - Burma frontier along the bay of Bengal coast. The Japanese command said Tuesday Japanese troops were only 12 miles from the border, but this has not been confirmed. British headquarters today said land operations were quiet, while Allied planes continued to pound Japanese supply lines in .widespread attacks over Burma. • « • Three Arkansans Interned by Italy Washington, May 13 — (/P) —The War Department made public today the names of three Arkansas soldiers interned by Italy. The Arkansans were included in a list of 65 soldiers held as prisoners of war by Italy and 171 helds by Japan. They were: Tech Sgt. Edward H. Horton,' son of Elzie H. Horton, Earle. Tech Sgt. Doy R. Kellum, son of A. D. Kellum, route 1, Mountain Home. Pfc. Ralph W. Thurmond, son of Mrs. W. I. Thurmond, route 3, Paragould. Elks Hall Repair Contract Is $817 Contract for the painting awd re- roofing of the city-owned Elks hall was let this morning by the City of Hope to T. D. Anderson and W. C. Fritz for a total of $817. The painting job totaled $425, and the roof $392. Six Dead and 22 Missing, 18,000 Homeless <• M By The Associated Press Fort Smith, May 13 —^P)— The worst Arkansas river flood in history gushed down the lower valley ,,* r today, topping or smashing levees^M and flooding additional thousands"'' ' of acres after crestng here at 41 fl^' Xfeet — 3.7 feet higher than the re-." cord stage which had stood 110 years. : •" 1 Receding here almost as rapidly', as it had risen, the river leftM * its wake six known dead, 22 miss-,'1, ing, hundreds homeless and untold,'<& property damage in Oklahoma" as «?i it pushed its burden into Arkansas.*^* Seven of the missing were Camp fey Gruber, Okla., solders who were I" engaged in rescue work. 'J Downstream, the U. S. Engineers'/^ abandoned hope, with one except* tion, of saving any main liner levees between here and Little t , $ Rock. They turned their attention /., to saving dikes below Little ~ ' on the Arkangas and to battling-'"' *7: the rampaging White and St. Fran-i " ' cis rivers i n eastern Arkansas. Relief • agencies, whose rescue operations were overshadowed by 'Vf'fS the spectacular work' of Campi'Atf^ Gruber and Camp Chaffee soldiers, -/rt """ expressed belief that all valleyt '& dwellers nqw had been brought to" ' * safety. , . 4j The crest held stationary here&.'J for three hours, then started fall- v j. " ing at one tenth of a foot per hour:^ ^ The rate of-fall was even greater 1 * 1 '? .in Oklahoma. Fort Smith and Camp Chaff s* were cut off from their principal 1 ', source,*Tof. water.' with only six/n-A; days supply ?in emergency reser-jj' voirs. Across the river, Van Burenl was without light, and power and' ,, one third of the community ""was^M under water. Some 600 blocks of Fort.Smithr-if city-of 40,000, was under, water ranging from a few inches to several feet in depty: The pipes which carry the Fort *' Smith - Camp Chaffee water fronu a Lake in the Ozarks burst under ^ the pressure of the flood and dib-" ris. The conduits were swung tin-" der the Fort Smith - Van ~ ' en bridge , whose floor was under l«**i water. Emergency connections ..on W top of the span were expected* to i-vS be completed late tomarrow, L\t Fort Smith virtually was isolat-<'.""< d by the main stream and ItsH ^ backwaters. All rail traffic was /' *; suspended. Only the rooftops -of r.n' buildings in lowest Fort Srnlth,' > $ across the Arkansas - Oklahoma ", bridge, showed above the surface ,-* of a backwater lake that was five * " miles across. > ,' Army engineers estimated 18,000 - *' persons between three and Pine ^ Bluff are homeless or will be when-,' *(, the crest reaches their communi- '/' ties. Upward of 60,000 acres were - X Inundated between here and Little >, Ul Rock and the total was .growing.'*/ hourly. Typical of the huge prop^«t-«> erty and crop loss in the^valley 1 *-' was the estimate of R. H, Pick- «. , enhorst, Morrilton banker, that his county alone — a "tiny sector on ^ v the vast flood front — had suffered ' more than a $1,000,000 damage. Most of the flooded lands were, jn ,, cultivation, most of it in food '•• crops. ^ Industral losses were treme-'V * dous. Much of Fort Smith's man- • ufacturing district is along the river bank and water flowed "through buildings and stock rooms. "•• At.. CSarksville, Ark., the river '* broke into the Clarksville Coal Co., mine, flooding the workings - , • and destroying equipment. ^ -i Soldiers from various southern camps were requisitioned by the * V U. S. engineers for work on levees below Little Rock and on the White and St. Francig Rivers. Col. Jarvis Bain, Memphis district engineer whose territory includes the White and St. Francis, asked for two and one half regiments of gen~- eral service engineers with equipment and three pontoon companies with equipment. These two streams traverse the rich delta plantation country. The American Red Cross established general relief headquarters at Little Rock under Albert Evans, chairman of disaster relief in the eastern edge of LJtlle Rock were.; evacuated as the water seeped through levees there. All the states convicts were mobilized at Cummins Prison Farm to build an emergency loop levee lo protect the farm's hundreds of acres of growing food crops destined for the state's various institutions and the armed services. Like the Arkansas, the White river was falling rapidly on its upper reaches but it will be at least a week before the crest has finally cleared the lower wall. Its course is through territory not so heavily populated as that of the Arkansas. -o* 1 -I. i

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