Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 12, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, May 12, 1943
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* The Byline of Dependobi/ify Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 178 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change tonight except warmer in extreme south and cooler in northwest portion tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAi; WEDNESDAY, MAY 12, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Levees Break at Ft. Smith Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN j Stores' Wednesday Half-Holiday OPA Stirs Up Retailers This Wednesday marks the first time in the writer's recollection thai the business houses of Hope have ever agreed upon q.mid-wcek half-holiday—and congratulations are in order icr the store managements of our town. Hope's business houses will close Ceiling Prices on Special Meat Cuts Revised Washington, May 12 — (/!')— New fonts per - pound retail ceiling prices for specific culs and grades <";'; beef, veal, lamb and million- revised downward to comply with the president's "hold the line" order — were announced today by the Office of Price Adminislralion. Effcclivc Monday, OPA said the tilings generally represent a re- iKiclion of one to three cents a pound from retail ceilings originally scheduled to go inlo cffccl April 15 but withdrawn in the face of the "hold the line" edict In a companion order, also of?> ; ctivc Monday, OPA likewise revised downward retail ceilings for all parts of processed hams (bone end) and processed picnic hams. These reductions also amount lo one lo three cents a pound for f-pccific culs, but retailers still will Aiceive substantially the same profit on a ham. This will be brought about by a provision permitting the sale of one third of a ham, instead of one - fifth, as center, slices, which bring a higher The new beef, veal, lamb and million ceilings will be reduced further — by about ten per ccnl — under a recently - announced plan for Ihc payment of govcrn- /•}cnl subsidies to processors. 'OPA cslimalcd Ihc prices which become effcclivc Monday will represent a slight reduction in the retail prices of meals shown in the February cosl-of-living index, with more substantial reductions from Utarch and April index prices. Brown disclosed that an order now is in preparation to establish special classifications for large- volume handlers should maintain prices ten per ccnl under Ihc ceil- ••*gs established by loday's rgula- lion. The prcscnl order divides retailers into two classes — independent stores with less than $250,00 annual volume and all other retail- f-rs. The dividing line for the new Classification has not yet been decided upon, OPA said. Prices of all beef steaks and roasts and several types of beef stow meat were reduced from those established in Ihc April 15 filiation, while lamb and mutton prices were reduced in some instances. Prices of veal cuts and of beef hamburger, were unchanged. Additional culs of beef, veal, lamb and mutton were given spcc- L j'iic ceiling prices for the firsl ' lime. ' Price ceilings are on a zone basis, each zone covering a substantial area, generally including several important cities. Prices .vary somewhat from zone lo zone, ^'".it Ihe difference generally is small. The order requires relailcrs to scperato the different grades of meal Ihey display to help customers keep check on price ceilings. {/ OPA said the prices-by - grades would provide.a dctcrrcnl to hide price increases, equalize competitive markets and aid substantially in inforccmcnl of Ihc regulation. Yon Armin Reported to Be in Rome New York, May 12 (/I 1 ) The British radio said today it was reported from Italy that "general Von Arnim and the Italian Generic Messc arrived Sunday by plane in Rome." The broadcast was recorded by CBS. Teh Italian communique said Gen. Givanni Messe was commander of Ihe Italian Firsl Army in Tu- C/'sia and had rejected a demand : for surrender on Cap Bon. Reports •have conflicted as to whether he or Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim were commanding remaining Axis ; forces in Tunisia. Masons to Hold Fish Fry at Country Club The Whilfield Masonic Lodge will hold a fish fry at the Hope JHounlry Club Friday night at. 8 |p. m. Members are lo meet al the llodg^ hall al 7 p. m. for transportation. every Wednesday afternoon at 1 o'clock. The move, as urged by this newspaper, is in line with what many Arkansas cilics have done every summer season, and to which nearly every town is coming during this year of war and scarcity. This is an appeal lo the thousands of Hope customers who live on farms and in nearby lowns lo co- operalc 100 per ccnl with the Wednesday half-holiday by doing their shopping Wednesday morning. The reasons for the 1 p. m. Wednesday closing of the stores must be obvious— Every farming town musl keep ils stores late Saturday night to accommodate shoppers, resulting in an overly-long working week. Today there is a scarcity not only of merchandise bill of trained store people, making some retrenchment of store-hours necessary . . . the middle of Ihc week being a logical lime for this. And finally, there is a great deal of work for everybody to do outside their regular occupation. There are Victory Gardens to al- tend to, Red Cross work, and—for management — the business of catching up with Ihc increased paper-work caused by necessary government restrictions imposed on business during war-lime. * * * While we arc on Ihc subject of stores the public ought to know thai the.retail business is in an uproar over a ncsv OPA order affecting the price of men's denim overalls'. I quote from Garrison's Magazine, a publication serving independent retailers: "Like the rayon hosiery order, this denim overall order sels up 'manufacturer's ceiling prices' for two classes of purchasers. Its definition of Class I purchasers clearly specifies wholesalers, large chains and mail order houses. In Class II (to use OPA's own language) it places 'ordinary independent retailers.' "Its schedule of ceiling prices for Class I purchasers on the average is aboul 12'/4 per ccnl lower than for Class II purchasers. Thus, OPA offiically declares that chain stores shall buy their goods 12'/j per cent lower than 'ordinary independents'! (A clear violation of the Robinson-Palman Act). . . "According to this schedule, independents could buy to better advantage if they bought their goods at retail from the chains!" The OPA schedule on overalls is charged with being discriminatory —and furthermore, all retailers, whether chain or independent, arc disturbed by the government's insistence on substituting for national brands a new system of government grades. The American pubic has been accustomed for a couple of generations to judge quality, price, and intrinsic worth, by national brands. The people themselves, by a nal- ural process of selection, built up some brands, discarded olhcrs. Bui lo attempt to break this down, substituting for it some grades merely specified by the government, is an arbitrary action taken against the people, and by no means certain of acceptance across the counter—where the issue will be finally decided. Senior Class Play to Be Given Friday "Miss Ginger", a comedy in three acts will be presented by the Hope High School Senior class al Ihe schaol auditorium at 8 p. m. Friday. The cast includes; Ophelia Hamilton, Belly Monls, Howard Sanford, Billyc James. George Newborn, Virginia O'Neal, Nell Jean Byers, Wanda Ruggles, John Stanford, Merril McCloughan, Thomas Honoycull. Mary Ross McFaddin. Nancy Jo Colcman is prompter. The play is under the dircctio n of Mrs. Lawerence Martin. The public is invited. Uruguay Breaks Montvideo, Uruguay, May 12 (ff") II was announced today that the Uruguayan government had broken relations with Vichy following the arrival here of Luis Dupuy, who had been Uruguayan charge d'affaires in France. I Nazis Vainly Try to Keep Front of Calm London, M;iy 12 (/I 1 )— The impending "battle for Germany," sharply focused by Prime Minister Churchill's conferences in Washington with President Roosevelt, found Axis propaganda agencies attempting to present an outward front of calm confidence today. After fishing yesterday for news of the whereabouts of the British prime minister by asserting he was in Cairo, the Nazis declared Ihc Washington talks probably would center less of military problems than on "the political situation which is marked by Stalin again being absent." "In Washington, the problem therefore will probably be how to bring Stalin's DC Facto, already rather pale Atlantic charter." Earlier Uie German people were told that Adolf Hitler, whose headquarters had long been described as on the eastern front, now is at an unspecified point in the west; that Prof. Albcrlspccr, Nazi minister of munitions, reported to Hitler yesterday on the construction of "the Atlantic wall"; and that "victory without compromise" would remain the goal for which Germany and her partners arc striving. There was no immediate elaboration cither on Hitler's sudden re- lurn from the eastern front or the Berlin radio's reference to the Atlantic wall, but it seemed clear that Hitler would lake a personal hand in preparations for the next Allied blow. The "victory without compromise" reference was the Berlin radio's public comment on Generalissimo Francisco Franco's recent call for peace, which some observers had believed might have been Berlin -inspired. It is only natural," the broadcast went on, "that in the fourth year of global war such discussoins should be occasionally voiced." The Axis, itself termed the next phase in the global war "the buttle Cor Germany." While accounts of unrest in Europe mounted, the Netherlands News Agency Aneta reported today that. German occupation authorities had executed at least 38 Dutch patriots early in May when martial law was proclaimed in Holland. An Ancla report yesterday said 26 Dutchmen had been put to death May 2, and 10 others sentenced. Today's report said those 10 had been put to death and two other agricultural workers charged with fomenting a strike, executed. The Axis - controlled Danish radio, in a pep talk dealing with difficulties facing an Allied invasion of Hitler's European fortress, said yesterday: "This battle for Germany is about to. begin. The situation is unique in the history of war." Canning Sugar Registration Starts May 17 For the convenience of sugar consumers the Hcmpstcad Rationing Board announces a schedule for registcration of all persons in the county seeking extra sugar for canning. From May 17 through 25 rationing board representatives will journey to points throughout the county. At these various points consumers will be registered for extra sugar from !):,'«) a. m. to 4 p. m. Rationing Books for each family member (Sugar rationing book No. 1) and a list of fruits to be canned must be presented by the applicant. The schedule follows: Monday, May 17 at Blcvins, consumers McCaskill must come to Blevins to register. Tuesday, May 8, Washington. Wednesday. May 19, at Ozan. Clow and Fair Star to register at Ozun. Thursday, May 20, at Bingen, Tokio, Belton to sign up at Bingen. Friday, May 21, at Columbus, Saratoga, Yanccy, Tollctt to register at Columbus. Monday, May 24, Patmos, Steph- cnson to register at Palmos. Tuesday, May 25, Fulton, with McNab, Summons Island registering at Fulton. Consumers at Hope, DcAnn, Spring Hill, Rocky Mound, and Cent.erviUe to register at the rationing board office in Hope between May 17 and UO. FDR, Churchill Holding Council of War Today Washington, May 12 — (/]')— President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill arc holding another council of war today with' the trumpets of the Tunisian victory still sounding and the Allies poised to pound the Axis in both Europe and the Pacific. The commuting British chieftain arrived last night on his third wartime trip to Washngton, accompanied by a staff of military and Naval experts. As he and Mr. Roosevelt sat down to bring the enemy still closer to their "unconditional surrender" demands, the Tunisian success swept offensive strategy to a point where the United Nations high command could start activating plans for the next blow — plans undoubtdly blocked out at previous meetings between the two leaders and now due to be perfected and extended. Across the sea, Hitler suddenly shifted his headquarters from the cast to the west, according to the German radio, and doubtless wondered where the blow or blows would fall. With no While House comment forthcoming as to the specific na- lurc of Ihc Washinglon discussions, speculalion ran free. Informed persons here saw no reason lo bc- leive, however, that previously- laid stralcgy would be shifted — for instance, to provide for conccn- 1 traling against Japan rather than Germany. However, indications that much emphasis would be placed on strategy against Japan were apparent from the fact that Churchill brought with him Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavcll, commander in .chief of British . military forces in India, and two other im- porlanl leaders from the India theater of operations. President Roosevelt has prom iscd that China will be used as a base against Japan and Burma, which lies between India and China is in Wavcll's sphere. The other two Brtiish Officers from the India theater arc Admi ral Sir James Somcrville, commander in chief of the eastern fleet based at Clon, and Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse, air officer commanding in chief in India. There was no reason to believe the question of a second front on Ihc European continent was to be sidetracked, however, since Churchill also brought with him some of his other key advisers, They included: General Sir Alan Brooke, chief of Ihc impcrual general staff; Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound, the first sea lord; (Continued on Page Three) 'Rice Bowl' of China in Path of Jap Drive By the Associated Press A new threat to China's "Rice Bowl," heightening clashes on the Now Guinea front and patrol skirmishes in Burma marked the far Pacific war today. Chungking dispatches said the polenlial danger lo Changsha, capital of rice - yielding Hunan province, had become graver as Japanese invasion columns gained a foothold on Ihc southern shore of Lake Tungting only 50 miles away. Previous Japanese landing at- tcmpts had been smashed, the Chinese said, but the enemy finally secured a beachhead. In the Southwesl Pacific, dispatches from Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters said heavier fighting indicated a possible renewal of the Allied offensive against Salamaua, New Guinea, which subsided in January afler the Allied conquest of the Papuan peninsula. "Intensified clashes are occurring between small advanced ground elements in the green hills area" of Mubo, 12 miles south of Salamaua, a communi- que said. Japanese raiders, in their third straight day of small-scale attacks, sent nine bombers against the Allied base at Merajke. on the south coast of Dutch New Guinea, while U. S. Flying Fortresses left huge fires raging in an assault on the enemy airdrome at Rabaul, New Britain. On the Burma front, British headquarters reported only patrol activity as the Japanese apparently took time out to consolidate their newly - won positions on the Buthedaung - Maungdaw road (JO iniley uurth of Akyab. Today's War Map •CasteNetrano RTO EMPEDOCLE • *« MATEUR TUNIS Today's war map shows the Axis retreat to Cap Bon, and ® Allied air attacks in the Mediterranean area, End in Sight As British Armor Circles Cap Bon By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 12 —(/I 5 )— A rough cir- tole-nine miles.-in-diameter in the gaunt Tunisian hills north of En- fidiavillc was all that was left lo the Axis in North Africa lonight and it was crumbling rapidly under Allied assault from all sides. German resistance already had dissolved o n Cap Bon to the north where British armor made a complete tour of the peninsula and then cut, inland and began rounding up tons of thousands of unnerved Germans who gladly threw up their hands in surrender. (Among the prisoners, said a Reuters bulletin from Allied headquarters in North Africa, was Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arn limit, Acacl Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim, the Axis commander.) Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 12 —(/I 1 )— British armor has made a complete circuit of Cap Bon, has needled inward to round up the isolated enemy forces who arc surrendering freely, and is fiercely hammering from all sides at the last remaining pocket of Tunisian resistance southwest of the peninsula, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters announced today. So thoroughly had the patrols of Lieut. Gen. K.A.N. Anderson infiltrated into Cap Bon peninsula thai Allied air bombing of Ihc bomb- riddled area was called off late yesterday because of Ihe danger of hitting friendly troops. The Germans and Italians southwest of the p c n i n s u 1 a were hemmed in a circular area only aboul 15 miles across, and this was being given severe punishment by the air forces as well as by the troops, but the communique said 'Ihe lack of suitable targets indicated the approaching end of Ihe air baltle over Tunisia." While many Germans were slill at large on Cap Bun's inland mountains, they were mostly service personnel not much interested in fighting. The total of prisoners was expected to pass the 100,1)00 murk. The completed count in the area of the Second U. S. Army Corps snowed the Americans, French Free Corps and Moroccan gou- micrs had taken 37,998 prisoners, of whom 33,498 were Germans. "The Italian communique said Gen. Giovanni Mcssc, commander | of the First Italian Army in Cap Bon, who is reported lo have been left as commander of all Axis forces in Tunisia as well, had rejected a demand for surrender by Lieut. Gen. Sir Bernard Freybcrg', New Zaland commander. The Germans and Italians were offering considerable resistance, however, in the mountains west of Bou Ficha and north of Enfi- daville. They had been wedded off from Cap Bon by British armor driving south from Tunis which had reached Bou Ficha on the coastal road, 11 miles southwest of Ham- mamel on the peninsula and 15 miles north of Enfidaville. This circle was being hammered un Ihe north as well by British troops at Ste. Marie Du Z\\, , 12 miles northwest "!' Buu Ficha: on Ihc west'by Oran, Algiers and Moroccan divisions of Gen. Henri Giraud's French North African Army in the region east of Azg- houan, and on the soulh by a British Eighth Army and French force north of Enfidaville. The British First Army column in reaching Bou Fich'a from the north was within five miles of a juncton along the coast with the British Eighth Army coming up from the south. Just south of Bou Ficha, however, the First Army ran intb lively resistance from a formation of German tanks and a screen of anti-tank guns which temporarily held it up. East of Azghouan, the French also met resistance after accepting the uncondilional surrender of Continued on Page Three Final Band Concert of Year Thursday The Hope High School Band will present its final concert of the year at the Saengcr Theater Thursday night, May 13. The program for Thursday night's concert is as follows: America, I Love You—Archie GoUlen (March). The World Is Wailing For The Sunrise—Lockharl-Beilz (Concert March Mih'taire). (Barilone solo by Clifford Franks, Jr.). Anchors Aweigh (The Song of the Navy)—Charles A. Zitnmermann. Morning, Noon and Night in Vienna—F. VonSuppe, (Concert Overture). I'm Getting Sentimental' Over You—Irving Berlin, (Trombone Solo by Jack Crank). From Africa To Harlem—David Bennett, (A Rhapsodic Evolution), (Repeated by popular request). Over There — Geo. M. Cohan, (March). Star Spangled Banner. This will be the last appearance of the band this school year, and Ihis concert is sponsored by the Friday Music Club as a feature of National Music Week. During the season the band has played a number of concerts, appeared at all the local football games, and marched and played in all parades given by local organizations. The band has scnl representatives to the South Arkansas Clinic held at Camden, Crossed, and Monlicello, and the Hope Band was host to the Soulh Arkansas Band Festival-Clinic held here in April. Senior members of the band lhal will play for their last lime Thursday night are Ophelia Hamilton. Alto Suxaphonc, member for 3 years; and Neil Crow, solo clarinet, a member for 6 years. There will be a regular summer band for a six week period beginning May 24. This will include"instruct ion for advanced and beginning students. This school will be conducted at the band building at the lut-ul high school. 1,000 Germans on Leningrad Front Killed By EDDY GLLMORE Moscow, May 12—(/P)—More than 1,000 German troops have been killed on the Leningrad front in the last 24 hours, Russian dispatches said today, as the'entire battle line surged with new activity from that northern sector to the continuing struggle around Novor- ossisk, on the Black Sea. The action before Leningrad, whose 515 - day siege was broken in mid-January,'appeared in force, only a scouting operation in force, intended to establish a new German sector linfc and not the beginning of an out-and-out offensive. The German attempts failed after two attacks. Russian guns opened up after the assaults and have pounded and damaged the German positions since, it was said. The Red Army generally held the initiative everywhere along the line, and the government newspaper Izyestia said editorially "the war with Hitlerite Germany has entered its decisive phase." The battle for Novorossisk ap- parenlly had resolved itself into a Russian attempt to pulverize the German positions with air attacks, sustained artillery fire and infantry sorties. The midnight communique said 56 enemy planes were destroyed in the area yesterday against a loss of 11 Soviet planes. In the lower Kuban valley, apparently northwest of Novorossisk, a German fortified key posilion was reported captured and a company of German troops killed in yesterday's fighting. Red Army artillery kept up its heavy firing during the night, the noon communi- que said. Resumption of German attacks on the Russian Donets river positions near Lisichansk, gateway to Voroshilovgrad, was reported. Three waves of Nazi tank and infantry assaults were beaten off, 19 enemy tanks knocked out and about, 800 Germans killed in the last 24 hours, it said. South of Leningrad, on the Volk- hov front, Red Army artillery thundered in an apparent attempt to prevent any big movement of Germans into front line positions, while southwest of this sector Soviet scouts were carrying their attacks beyond the German lines. Artillery duels continued west of Rostov, and in the Sevsk region northeast of Kursk. Red Army fliers pounded German supply and communication (•enters at Bryansk and Orel, and bombers ranged as far west as Kiev to punish the foe. (The German - controlled Vichy radio said the Red Army has been bringing up large troop and supply reserves and forecast thai the main fighting would shift from the Kuban to the central front west of Moscow. (The Berlin radio declared Russian guns had opened up a drumfire on Orel, hinge between the central and southern fronts, preliminary to opening a new assault to wrest the town from the Germans.) The punishment inflicted by the Russian air force on railway centers has been fell so severely by the Germans that they have switched from train to truck transport, and the Soviet fliers switched along with them to begin pounding Ihe roads. The railroad from Baku, on the Caspian sea, to Moscow now is open and is being used to good effect despite German bombing sallies at railway slalions along the line. Arkansas Hits All-Time High, Many Homeless Fort Smith, May 11 (/P)— The flooded Arkansas river today broke the conduit supplying water to this city and to Camp • Chaffee. About 18,000,000 gallons or a six-day supply . was in storage, however."'-" The conduit was suspended-under the Fort Smith - Van Buren bridge w.hich had been 'patrolled ceaselessly against the .possibility the zig ,pip would break.•-•; Hie bridge floor itself;was under 1 -from two to three feet of water" Vh'en the conduit gave way. ' ft . With,the city ringed with flood waters on three sides, •• all-rail traffic suspended arid only one road was open —- U. S. 71 to the south. Telephone and telegraph communications'remained intast. Six hundred city blocks of the city itself were under water. About a third of Van Buren's residential section was undated. ! The Weather ; Bureau said just before noon the rise was continuing slowi; with the crest somewhere between Muskogee, Okla., and Fort Smith. The gauge read 41.7 feet, 3.7 above the previous record set 110 years ago. Little Rock, May 12;— (/P) —-The rampaging Arkansas river broke an all - time flood record at Fort Smith last night, burst through at least pne levee and possible others overnight and continued on the rise today. The White river, which joins the Arkansas in.southeast Arkansas barely eight miles from the Arkansas' mouth, was on a rampage of almost equal proportions. Although three drownings were reported. They were not due directly to either flood. A baby fell into a tub of rain water near Blythe'-, ville>Vttnd';a--six-year-old-girl attSra Negro youth drowriedl in swollen drainage ditches near Eiiglahd and Blythevllle, respectively. Fort Smith had a morning reading of 41.3 feet, 3.3 higher than the all-time record established in 1833. However, the pressure at Fort Smith was expected to cease due to the overnight bursting of the nearby Crawford county levee. Much rich Crawford county cropland had been inundated even before- the dike broke. The Weather Bureau said the Fort Smith crest probably was near/ The Weather Bureau and U...S. engineer headquarters 'both said they had preliminary reports of other main-line levees going out between Fort Smith and Little Rock but neither had full information. Several secondary dikes were crumbling. Landowners and engineers were piling sandbags atop many main-line levees since predicted crests would overflow them unless raised. . ... It appeared that only three main levees between Van Buren and Lit-. tie Rock could be saved. Yesterday U. S. engineers had said they hoped to save four but one of these was the Crawford County dike. "We have an extremely grave situation on our hands," said Meteorologist A. E. Osborn at Fort Smith. He asserted that the Arkansas' swollen tributaries upstream appeared to be dumping their burdens almost simultaneously into the main stream, "This is the worst looking flood I have ever seen," Frank M. Gru- ever, U. S. Engineers attach and veteran of the 1927, 1935 and 1941 floods, said here of the Arkansas river outlook. A svajor threat lo the Fort Smith walef supply developed as the flood neared the big pipes swung under the Fort Smith - Van Buren bridge. The span was strongly patroled lo prevent floating logs from Hjpturing the conduits which bring most of Fort Smith's water from Lake Fort Smith high up in the Ozarks. Lowland dwellers commenced a general evacuation, carrying precious farm machinery and livestock with them. The American Red Cross established refugee centers al Fort Smith and other major communities up slream from here. Soldiers from Camp Gruber, Okla., and Camp Chaffee, piloted assault boats, powered with outboard motors, through the lowlands along the Oklahoma-Fort Smith border, removing residents who were trapped by the sudden rise. At some points the Arkansas had risen as much as 21 feet in 24 hours. The river showed continued rises all along its course in Arkansas. Thousands of acres of far m lands between here and Fort Smith were under w^ter and a similar ' situation existed on the. White River from the Missouri border deep into Arkansas. Most of the overflowed land was in cultivation, much of it in food crops. In Logan county, more 1 (ConlJHued on Page Tb/ee)

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