The Anniston Star from Anniston, Alabama on March 3, 1966 · Page 1
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The Anniston Star from Anniston, Alabama · Page 1

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Anniston, Alabama
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Thursday, March 3, 1966
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Federal Judges Strike State's Poll Tax MONTGOMERY (AP) A three - judge federal panel invalidated Alabama's poll tax today. The judges ruled by a 2-1 marein that the cw;n t .u Ul INC Alabama Constitution require-) iiicii ui a pou tax as a precondition to voting in general, special or primary elections in Alabama are invalid under the 15th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. U.S. Circuit Judge Richard T. Rives of Montgomery and U.S. District Judge Frank M. Johnson Jr. concurred In the decision while U.S. Circuit Jiidge Walter P. Gewin of Tuscaloosa dissented. The decision handed down to day forbade enforcement of the AtaDama statutes requiring payment of a poll tax or any other tax as a precondition to voting in Alabama elections. j The order also forbade con ducting any election in Alabama in wnicn voting is conditioned upon payment of a poll tax or any other tax. The state was also directed to compile and certify all lists of qualified voters for all elections within its jurisdiction without regard to payment of the poll tax or any other tax. The judges ruled, "we hold that from its inception the Ala-j bama poll tax was illegal and Invalid as an attempt to subvert the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The necessary effect of the poll tax as adoDted in 1901 was to disen franchise Negro voters. The history of the poll tax leaves no doubt that this was its sole pur-nose. Such clear and intentional attempt to deny or abridge the right to vote necessarily runs afoul of the Fifteenth Amend ment." The order said the Fifteenth Amendment does not disable a governmental body from regulating sufferage where a legitimate state interest exists. But, it says race cannot be a reasonable ground for discrimination. The order added, "the poll tax was born of an effort to discriminate on the basis of race or color and it has had just that narrow effect." Noting that there had been changes in the statutes covering the poll tax since its inception in 1901, the majority said "while these amendments are ameliorative, they are not curative. The poll tax remains one of the last great pillars of racial discrimination. In effect, the tax still bars a large number of Negroes from the polls." In his dissent, Gewin said he I would readily join in the issuance of an injunctive degree "removing and prohibiting ev ery vestige or racially discriminatory or other unconstitution al application of Alabama's poll lax laws, but I c-annot join in the opinions of the majority." uewin said in his opinion that he finds it "unusual, to say the least, for a district mart in Hp. dare constitutional and statu tory provisions of a state invalid 'when the last pronouncement by the Supreme Court on the sub ject holds to the contrary." Gewin added, "the improprie ty of the action of the majority is brought into sharper focus by I the fact that substanially ideni-ical issues were presented to the i Supreme Court in a Virginia case which is still pending, j ' The poll tax has never bean I declared invalid by the Supreme I Court," Gewin declared. Rain Forecast Cloudy, windy and warm with showers and thundershowers continuing was the forecast for today with a high of 73 expected. Little change is expected tonight and Friday when the high will be 70. (See complete weather on Page 2A.) it KB AP, UPI, NEA, Los Angeles Times-Washington Post Services 'Your Home Newspaper Since 1882" News Day, IVigit From a.m. to 11 p.m., ABC, AP and local news is flashed ever Station WHMA. The Star's final edition is presented each weekday at 4 p.m. The Star arrives Sunday morning long before breakfast time. VOL. 84, NO. 167 28 Pages, 4 Sections ANNISTON, ALABAMA, THURSDAY, MARCH 3, 1966 10c DAILY, 20c SUNDAY, 50c a WEEK by CARRIER i W V : u T . " ' . Si i X r ' i Vtf f f I w U l, fiu. "--v;.: ;-:.".ir WW . .-.y & (AP WlraphoM) Future Dim For Mighty Mo The USS Missouri, aboard which the Japanese surrendered to end World War II, lies in mothballs at Bremerton, Wash. A Navy spokesman said this week there is still no consideration to return it or three other battleships to duty. Search Continues Gold Bullion Remains Lost i WINNIPEG, Man. (UPI) -Investigators were without clues today to the identities of "slim" youth and his "beefy" associate who hijacked a shipment of gold bullion that could be worth $670,000. Tuesday night's robbery, the fourth successful theft of gold from a Canadian airport in the past 14 years, was so carefully planned and slickly executed that it went undiscovered for more than two hours. Polfce Join Search That two hours cave the bandits, both described as in their twenties, plenty of time to transfer the 12 wooden crates Vf Ingots from an Air Canada truck to another vehicle -r-per- haps an airplane or another motor vehicle and leave the truck parked on an Air strip .1 - 1 A minal mulniriff KHr LI1H UIU ItUllliiai uumuiiii Winnipeg International Air- oort. Police from the suburb of St. James, where the airport is located, joined with Winnipeg city police and Royal Canadian Mounties in the investigation. But no agency reported any progress. ; Track Reaches Scene U. S. customs authorities and the FBI also were alerted on the theory that the bandits may have headed into "the united States with the gold. A major highway links Winnipeg and the border, about 60 miles away, where it meets Interstate Route 29 at the Minnesota - North Dakota line. : The ingot shipment was being flown from mines at led Lake In northern s Ontario to the Canadian mint at Ottawa, At Winnipeg, three empldyes of! XraotAir were unloading the shipment for transfer to an Air Canada plane for the flight to. Ottawa when an Air C a n a d a truck pulled to the loading aocK. 200 Recruits Due Special FortTraining Col. Macon A. Hipp, com manding officer of Fort Mc-Clellan, announced today that 200 recruits will begin basic training next week with the 100th Chemical Group. Staffed with experienced offi cers and non-commissioned officers, the provisional company will undergo 16 weeks of basic and advanced individual train ing; The trainees will then be assigned to Vacancies within, the 100th Chemical Group and other activities on the post. An official at Fort McClellan reports this unique training of the unit to which he will be as signed will be of immense value to the trainee and to the 100th Chemical Group. 11 Die In Raid By Reds Attack Rips Oil Tanker By PETER ARNETT SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) Using ambush tactics on water and land. the Viet Cong shot up a small oil tanker near Saigon today and killed at least 11 Vietnamese policemen in the 17th Parallel demilitarized zone. In a vacant lSl on Saigon's outskirts, authorities found the bodies of three young government employes executed by the Viet Cong. Their hands were tied behind their backs and they had been shot. U.S. officials reported that air operations against North Viet Nam and in the South cost three American planes in the past three days. An A4 Skyhawk and an F4 Phantom jet, both from, the 7th Fleet carrier Ranger, disappeared in heavy overcast over the North on Tuesday and their three crewmen were listed as missing. Light Plane Crashes A light spotter plane crashed in the South Wednesday 40 miles northwest of Qui Nhon on a re connaissance flight for the 1st Cavalry, Airmobile, Division. Two Americans aboard were killed. On the ground, U.S. forces comoed the jungles and rice paddies for the Communists but stirred up little action. The 101st Airborne Division's 1st Brigade killed six Viet Cong in opera tions around Tuy Hoa, a coastal town 240 miles northeast of Sai gon, me paratroopers came upon two Viet Cong dispensa ries, a loudspeaker system and a bird, which they proudly identified as the first enemy carrier pigeon captured in the war. A reinforced South Vietnam ese battalion, including rangers, brushed with the Viet Cong sev en miles northeast of Quang Ngal, a provincial capital near the coast 340 miles northeast of Saigon. By nightfall, 22 Commu nists were reported killed against light government losses. uunnerg Rake Barge Other Reds were said to have inflicted moderate casualties on Vietnamese-regional - force platoon 10 miles southeast of Quang Tri City, In the northern most province. Communist gunners hidden in mangrove swamps on the west bank of a ship channel 15 miles southeast of Saigon raked the self-propelled oil barge Paloma with a barrage from recoilless rifles and 50-caliber machine guns in the second unsuccessful attempt in five day's to block the inland capital's main link to trie sea. Ten crewmmen were reported wounded.-At least one Vietnamese sailor was said to have been hit in a brisk gunfight between the guerrillas and government minesweepers. Government troops went into the area to hunt down the attackers. Paloma In Flames The Paloma, a 65-foot, 100-ton barge under charter to the Shell Oil Co., burst into flame amidships a short way from Nha Be, South Viet Nam's main fuel dump a few miles down the river from Saigon. Other vessels seeking to aid (See Ambush on Pg. 2-A, Col. 7) 7 Klansmen Indicted On Con eniD Char ge ., - ci !v jf t:"" rarity rvv M ; , I 4 (AP Wlrtpht) Irritated Secretary Turns On Newsman Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara at- news conference. His charge that the LBJ admin-tempts to halt questions of reporter Clark Mollen- istration has avoided questions on war brought hoff concerning Viet Nam policy at Wednesday's McNamara's reaction. Aide is at right. Questions Answered McNamara Sees End To Enemy Buildup WASHINGTON (AP) - Sec retary of Defense Robert S. McNamara told worried sena tors today that he expects the enemv troop buildup to reach its height in Viet Nam at the end of this year. Basing his assessment large ly on estimates of how big a force the Communists can keep supplied in the face of U.S. air opposition, McNamara used it as a major factor for this con clusion: "fdo not believe that we are facine in Viet Nam an unlimit ed, open-ended commitment to a major land war in Asia. Closed Session Held McNamara" appeared at a closed session to answer -ques tions of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee whose probe of administration Southeast Asian policy has been the storm center of debate. McNamara addressed himself to some of the questions that have been raised in the com mittee's previous public hear- ings-uch as whether the Vietnamese conflict rtould spread into a war with China. McNamara told the committee the United States has done everything possible militarily and diplomatically to make it unmistakably clear that there is no justification for Commu nist China to involve itself in the war in Viet Nam." Task Is Faced But he said that given the his tory of militant actions by Communist China "it would be irresponsible for me to say that we run no risk of war with Chi na arising from our efforts to defend South Viet Nam from ag gression. One task facing McNamara was a defense of his own an nouncement Wednesday of a new 20,000-man increase in U.S. fighting forces in Viet Nam. McNamara was expected to be called upon to support Vice President Hubert H. Hum phrey's assertion Wednesday night that the "tide has begun to turn in our favor" in the effort to halt Viet Cong aggression and to bolster the South Vietnamese economy. One ofXhe pressing questions at a closed meeting of the ben (See Troop On Pg. 2-A, Col. 3) GI Bill Sighed ByLBl On The Inside A Negro candidate for aheritt in Wilcox County says a white landlady ordered him to move from his grocery store-residence when he announced for office. See Page 2B. ON PAGE 5A - . . Dr. Harry PbilpoU has told Auburn alumni of Calhoun jCounty that the university will be forced to reject half of its applicants for the freshman class this fall. ON PAGE 3A .V.A 38-year-old contender for the Democratic nomination for sheriff of Calhoun County faces a 30-day jail sentence and a $100 fine on a liquor violation charge. City Briefs 2A Radio, Television Logs ... 5B Obituaries 8A Doctor Steincrohn SB Sports i 4C Markets 8A Dear Abby 7A Editorials 4A WASHINGTON (UPI) -President Johnson signed into law today the cold war G.I. bill of rights despite his contention that it goes "far in excess" .of his budget proposals. Johnson told members of Congress, veterans organization officials and others at a White House ceremony that even though the measure exceeded his wishes he was signing it "because it is for education." he new law offers education. housing, job counseling and other benefits to veterans serving more than six months since 1955. It will cost $245 million more lhan his budget request for fiscal 1967. Johnson paid tribute to the American fighting men in South Viet Nam who will be among those benefiting from the measure, calling them "the very best men this country has produced." "I shzn this bill in the hope thattyien the peace is won we can inake great civilians in time of peace out of these great soldiers who serve us in time of war," the President said. The new measure is modeled after the GI bills of World War II and Korea, which benefitted 10.4 million veterans. " Actions Include Shelton WASHINGTON (UPI) A federal grand jury today returned contempt of Congress citations against seven members of the Ku Klux Klan, including Imperial Wizard Robert Shelton. The jury returned the one- count indictments in District Court here. The maximum penalty upon conviction is a $1,000 fine and one year in prison. The seven were cited for refusing to submit Klan records to the House Committee on Un-American Activities during its year-long hearings on the hooded order. Shelton is the imperial wizard of the United Klans of America, the largest Klan group in the nation. The other men are North Carolina Grand Dragon James R. Jones; Virginia Grand Dragon Marshall R. Kornegay; South Carolina Grand Dragon Robert E. Scoggin, North Carolina's Imperial Kludd, the Rev. George F. Dorset! and Robert Hudgins, North Carolina conductor of ceremonies. Shelton, from Tuscaloosa. Ala., set the pattern for other Klan members when he refused to turn over records on grounds of possible self-incrimination. By a vote of 344 to 28, the House directed the Justice Department to institute a contempt prosecution against him. Shelton, contacted at his home in Tuscaloosa, said he expected the action and added, "It was just another rubber-etamp by LBJ." "What do you expect after constant prodding by the federal government?" Shelton aaid. The Imperial wizard returned (See Shelton, Page 2-A, Col. 4) i Stone Saluted Candidate's Dinner Set JACKSONVILLE - A promotional dinner is being planned for Dr. Ernest Stone, superintendent of Jacksonville City Schools and a candidate for State Superintendent of Ed ucation subject to the May 3, Democratic Primary. The dinner, which is expected to attract supporters from a 10-county area, will be held at 7 p.m., March 28, in the Jacksonville High School lunchroom. Dr. Stone is the only candidate from Calhoun County to seek the position of State Superintendent of Education. Talladega Post Office Halt 'Temporary' Rv iiriM mrrriirv .ti...fc. u-,.:.....: r,Mn, Rnkrfc in iu iter's txmularitv in Alabamaiman Albert Thomas, D-Ter., ofiofficials informed him last week continued, "quotes a highly By JEAN GUILLEN Fourth District Congressman Glenn Andrews, a Republican, today said he believeionstruc tion oLWH,Wsfxt office- federal build in? for Talladega County is amy temporarily halt ed, and said a Washington correspondent for the Birming ham News has accused the Johnson Administration of "playing politics with the Viet Nam War." -Andrews' answer was to an article by a News correspondent that appeared Wednesday, in which he asserts construction of the building was canceled when Andrews was swept into office 6yer incumbent Democrat Ken-, neth Roberts in 1964, The correspondent, in exposing behind-the-scenes political maneuvers, said the proposed post office building was approved after Roberts made a special appeal for help from influential Democratic colleagues in the House prior to the last election, when he felt Goldwa- ter's popularity in Alabama threatened his reelection to Con gress. The Washington correspon dent quoted Roberts as saying he got vital assistance from Chairman Bob Jones, D-Ala., of the Public Buildings Subcommittee of the Public Works Committee, and from the late Chair man Albert Thomas, D-Ter., of the Appropriations Subcommit tee which - handles General Service Administration budget requests. Roberts, in answer to the article, said, "I agree with what was said. The facts given are correct as far as I know." However, Andrews says' GSA that construction of the new Talladega post office was being held up because of the Viet Nani.War. "The Birmingham News has accused the Johnson Adminis tration of playing politics with the Viet Nam War," Andrews ficial of the Johnson Admuiis? tration as saying the Tallade ga post office was being held up' because Talladega voted for Glenn Andrews." The Congressman added, "If the President, who only last week asked me personally to said. "The correspondent he (See Halt, Page Irk, Col. V

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