Mozambique Prepares for War; Noose Tightens Around Rhodesia SALISBURY — (LENS) — The squeeze on Ian Smith's Rhodesia began in earnest last week. On Wednesday, Mozambique closed its border with Rhodesia, seized all Rhodesian assets in ihe country and said that it would, at last, apply the sanctions the United Nations has laid down against that ostracized country. The war in eastern Rhodesia against guerrillas based in Mozambique is causing more casualties. The British government has made it clear that it will do nothing to help Smith and the white Rhodesians; in no circumstances will there be a British military intervention, and Lord Greenhill's trip to Rhodesia at the end of February seems to have done nothing to persuade Britain that Smith can carry his followers into a settlement which has a chance of lasting. Britain's foreign secretary, James Callaghan, is happy to act for a few more weeks as a go-between for Smith for the four black presidents — Kaunda, Khama, Machel, Nyerere — who surround Rhodesia. His message: the four presidents will hold back the guerrillas only if Smith immediately guarantees power for the black majority within 12 months. But soon Callaghan will stop talking, too, rather than jeopardize Britain's links with the future, probably still unknown, black rulers of Rhodesia. There is even a question mark about the policy of South Africa's John Vorster:'since Mozambique will suffer as- Citizens to Help Determine How to Meet Energy Needs SEATTLE (AP) — The butcher, the baker and the ferryboat captain — and thousands of other citizens — have been asked to help determine how Seattle will meet its energy needs in the next 15 years. The project is code-named "Energy 1990," and its first step is under way with questionnaires sent to about 233,000 residents. "I don't know if any other cities are seeking citizen input on something like this, but I know they're not doing it on this broad a scale," said Seattle City Light spokesman Mike Sharar. "Let's see ... we have questionnaires set out in bills, newspaper polls, we plan public hearings and community meetings — and, of course, people are welcome to write in at any time." The study and the information it solicits from the public will be considered by the Seattle City Council when it decides in May whether City Light should, among other alternatives, join with other public utilities in building nuclear power plants to generate electricity. More than 7,000 persons have responded in the first two weeks of an eight-week survey. The questionnaires ask: "Would you be willing to participate in a major conservation effort if it would eliminate the need for building new plants to generate electricity?" Another question asks a resident to rate several energy strategies for meeting Seattle's energy needs. Among them: more hydro-electric plants, nuclear generation plants, coal generation plants, and encouraging use of electricity to replace oil and natural gas and PRE-SEASON SALE Long Range Forecast... HOT-DRY SUMMER!! Let DREES CO. Install ana CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONG TODAY! At PRE-SEASON SALE PRICES! SAVEM50 00 Off Regular Low Price During This Sale. Ends Sat., Apr. 3 Add-on ma/ta remote condenser and cooling coils to your present forced air furnace! One low price includes all this: • HEAVY DUTY, PRE-CHARGED CONDENSER! Featuring Amana built coils with "rippled fins" for optimum heat transfer. Powerpact compressor, pre-wired control panel, 4-way rust protection. • MATCHING INDOOR EVAPORATOR COILS! Coils feature quick-connect fittings and are factory processed, sealed and charged, thereby eliminating costly evacuation or charging time. • INSULATED PRE-CHARGED TUBING! For quick-connecting to evaporating coils. • CALL FOR'FREE ESTIMATE! We'll make a complete home-cooling analysis in your home at your convenience. Call today for an appointment. HEATING PLUMBING AIR COND. DREES Co, develop all feasible ways of generating electricity. Other questions ask the resident's feelings about nuclear power ("I believe nuclear power plants are safe," "I do not bel ieve," "I am uncertain," etc.) and what ways would the resident be willing to cut electrical consumption ("Turn down thermostat to 68," "Install storm windows," etc.) A 2,000-page report has been prepared by consultants to help the public and city officials come to conclusions about Seattle's energy future. The report — and a summary — is available in libraries. City Light officials said a small brochure describing the findings will be published. In the report the city consultants suggest possible energy "futures": —Continuing past policies and assuming'an annual growth in electrical load of 3.5 per cent, requiring the city to participate in the $2 billion construction of two nuclear plants planned by the Washington Public Power Supply System. —Continue past policies and same load growth, build Copper Creek Dam and raise Ross Dam and build a coal-fired power plant. —Encourage use of electricity to replace oil and gas, resulting in annual load growth of 7 per cent and requiring City Light participation in six additional power plants beyond those already planne, or construction of a coal-fired plant for the city's sole use. —"Moderate conservation" efforts to reduce the annual growth rate to 1.5 per cent by 1990. Some new generation would be needed, either by raising Ross Dam, participating in the two nuclear plants or construction of a city coal-fired plant. —The annual growth rate of 3.5 per cent would be reduced to no-growth by 1990. No additional generation would be required. Load-reducing measures would include one electrical rate for those who take energy-saving measures, another rate for those who don't. There would be mandatory insulation standards. —Do nothing for two years until political, technical and economic conditions are better known. —Do nothing at all. The city consultants predict that the City Council will probably ultimately adopt a pro- • gram of some new generation, stronger conservation efforts and, perhaps, a rate system to encourage conservation. 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Off ICE OF ENOGY CONSEHVATIOM OF THE ffDMAl ENEHGV OFFICE much as Rhodesia from the closing of their border, could Vorster be quietly providing the Mozambiquans with, say, the maize they used to get from Rhodesia to help them put the final clamp on Smith? Mozambique's President Samora Machel dropped his bomb, our Salisbury correspondent reports, at a moment when, against all the odds, the talks between Smith and Joshua Nkomo were suddenly, said to be going rather well. Smith made some new proposals. Some of Nkomo's men, conscious of how little authority he has over many black Rhodesians, went overboard in claiming a dramatic breakthrough. But more cautious counsel suggests that, after months of Astrology Time* Herald, Carroll, la. Tuesday, March 23, 1976 10 offering nothing at all, Smith may have moved just a little towards the other side's bargaining position. Nkomo, no less than Smith, sees the ground being cut from under his feet by •Mozambique's decision to close the border. Bishop Muzorewa, the leader of the rival, outside-based, faction of the African National Council, was in Mozambique when Machel lowered the boom at the ports of Beira and Maputo (formerly Lourenco Marques), severed communications and spoke of preparing for a state of war; he added a touch of drama by calling for air raid shelters. The background to the sound and fury is the escalating war along Rhodesia's eastern border. Two weeks ago about 86 guerrillas and eight members of Rhodesia's security forces were killed. The south-east border area, near Chipinga, and the tourist area around Inyanga and Vumba are now affected and the security forces have a 1,000-kilometer border to control. Since this seems too tall a task to carry out for any sustained period, it will increase the influence of those who want to strike back, in "hot pursuit," against the guerrillas inside Mozambique. But it was this same "hot pursuit" on Feb. 23 that gave Machel his argument for closing the border. It could be that the Mozambique move will elicit new concessions from Smith. It is more likely that it will harden whit-- Rhodesian resolve. Nokomo, whatever he may privately feel, has not helped with his public utterances. The move, he said, was not unexpected because Rhodesia was ''an international pariah"; one of his followers spoke of "silent jubilation" in Rhodesia's African townships. Machel's sanctions are not by themselves going to bring Rhodesia down. It is estimated in Salisbury that about a quarter of Rhodesian exports will be affected. Not necessarily lost; but they will have to be rerouted through South Africa either direct or via Botswana, and that raises again the question of Vorstpr's intentions. Even on the best assumption, export profit margins will be squeezed and some export markets will be lost, notably those in Malawi and Mozambique — from Rhodesia. But the economic result will be no more than an irritant unless South Africa joins the seige. Machel's growl of war will have two important noneconomic effects. First, it will have a serious impact on Rhodesian morale. Second, unless Smith quickly promises a transfer of power, from now on no holds will be barred, Mozambique will feel free to encourage the guerrillas based in its territory; Rhodesia will feel free to retaliate as severely as it can — without risking Cuban and Russian intervention. Wednesday March 24,1976 iti Bernice Bede OSD ARIES (March 21-April 19) Half measures won't cut it today if you're faced with challenging situations. However, you can succeed by going all-out. TAURUS (April 20-May 20) Today you may look at issues only from the side you wish to view them. This could distort the true picture. GEMINI (May 21-June 20) Don't be taken in today by a sharp horse-trader who is shrewd enough to make valueless concessions in order to win the real pot. CANCER (June 21-July 22) In situations calling for teamwork today, harmonize your aims with associates. Be sure everyone pulls together. LEO (July 23-Aug. 22) Rewards due you for your efforts may be a trifle slow in coming. They'll be there eventually. Don't give up. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22) Social situations could be a trifle sticky today. Be on your guard or you might unintentionally rub someone wrong. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 23) Self-doubts today could keep you from putting forth your best efforts. It would be a mistake to quit before you try. SCORPIO (Oct. 24-Nov. 22) Today you may be tempted to doctor a tale a bit in order to please your audience. The safer course is to tell it like it is. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23-Dec. 21) Before assuming new obligations now, be sure all your old ones are well under control. No use creating future headaches. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19) Persons whose cooperation you thought you had may surprise you today when they're reluctant to go along with your plans. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 19) There's a possibility today that you may not properly capitalize on your opportunities because you take them for granted. PISCES (Feb. 20-March 20) Your easygoing nature may lead others to think they can expect more from you today than is reasonable. Put your foot down. YOUR BIRTHDAY March 24,1976 The coming year should be an extremely busy one for you, with heavy irons in the fire. Try not to saddle yourself with non productive projects that could detract from your efforts. Employers: You can get Hospital, Medical, Surgical, Major Medical, Dental and Prescription benefits from one reliable source. Benefits you can package to the needs of your employees. One service. One billing. One low administrative cost that puts more of your money into care. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Iowa Des Moines/Sioux City •Registered Mark Blue Cross Association •^Registered Service Mark of Ihe National Association of Blue Shield Plans ' We Care.
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