Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 11, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, May 11, 1943
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Attention, Shoppers! - Hope Stores WilrClose Every Wednesday Afternoon at 1 o'Clock •Jl The Byline of ^v*-' -^ Dependability VOLUME 44—NUMBER 177 Star The Weather Arkansas Little temperature change tonight. Slar of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1943 __._-_. — :----——-..•-..^i — -... ' •-"-, . w.._i,,ti, m « i ii, tvnj i«i;i—-weans Associated Press nDl/~ee /~/-snV '" ^^ _—.___ _—_ . „ „.__ 7.-^-^=^=.-- .. . (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE DC COPY Allies Close Cap Bon Neck '1 Hi • '<• Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WA5HBURN Labor Stabilization Heeded An OWI Report on Baltimore It was an earlier experiment in job control at Baltimore, Mel., which led the War Manpower Commission this spring to attempt its labor stabilization program. Axis Resistance Stiffens but Reds Slowly Gain BY EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 11 — f/i'j — Red Army troops crawling forward yard by yard in some of Hie bloodiest fighting of the Russian - German war since the days of Stalingrad, ha tiled furiously today within the German defense lines at Novorossisk, but il was reported they were mccling stiffening Axis resistance. The Red Air Force meanwhile kept up a major scale series of attacks against the German supply lines all along Ihe front but apparently was nol successful in hailing the flow of supplies and reinforcements the Germans pushed into sectors of Ihe Kuban to feed their numerous counterattacks. Tanks, armored cars, motorized artillery and heavy field pieces were reported lo have been A dispatch from the Black sob fleet said thai its airforce was continuing attacks upon enemy supply ships and land pos'tion&, v IThti Gci&i»n;< communique sai4l Russian attacks were made ' at only some points of the Kuban with light forces and these wero "repulsed partly," The communique, broadest by Berlin ami recorded by Ihe Associated Press, said planes had destroyed 109 tanks between April 29 and May 10. A 3,000-ton Russian freighter was reported sunk in the Barents Sea. (The German radio asserted today that 44 Soviet planes had been destroyed in the week ending last Saturday against a loss of only 3G German planes, and that the Russians had lost 168 tanks in the Kuban bridgehead fighting since April 29.) The noon communique told how a Red Army detachment stormed into the German Ircnchcs in their Novorossisk defense lines, killing 80 oC the enemy to hold Ihe position, in repulsing an Axis counterattack in another sector of Ihe ba llle zone, 200 G c r m a n s were killed, a large quantity of guns was captured, and enemy equipment was destroyed, it said. The midnight communique credited Hcd Army artillery with smashing German gun positions and blockhouses in the Novorossisk defense line. A German attempt to answer the Red Air Force sweep against their rail lines and supply centers by sending 200 planes in an attack on the Rostov - Balaisk area, gateway to the Caucasus, was met by withering anil-aircraft fire which brought down 43 of the raiders, it was reported. On the ground, in the narrowing strip of the German - held Kuban, large forces grappled i n Ircnchcs, in the valleys and on the mountain sides, with the Russians aiming at the systematic cxlcrmina- tion of the Germans and Rumanians. Red Star, the Red Army newspaper, said the German defense line around Novorossisk "is deep and buill for permanent defense." The first Ircnchcs were captured Sunday and since then the Russians have been creeping forward, blasting enemy positions. Land action on other fronts was insignificant. Blind Man Serves on Housing Project Portland, Ore., — (/Pi — Blindness neither handicaps Glen Malli- cwson's ability lo do a job well nor his eagerness lo help win the war. He's working on the Vanport war housing project — largest of its kind in the nation — which will be Oregon's second largest city, next only lo Portland upon whose outskirts it is being construcled. Malhewson is a Iruckdriver's helper — and draws regular pay— $1.05 an hour. Here are some of Ihe pursuits he has followed since an accidental dynamite explosion cost him his sight in 1938: Hop picker. Cattle trader. Ico cream business proprietor. Operator of u fishing boal. was voluntary—bill Ihe VVMC program is compulsory. The history of Ihe Ballirnorc voluntary plan, and the crisis slill confronting the war plants of thai area, is cxccllcnlly told in a new 20-page news release which has jusl reached me from Ihe Office of War Information. Jumping into the OWI report at Page (i we read the following: "More than 3,000 workers in (lie principal Baltimore war plants (including Glen L. Martin airplane company and Bclh- Ichom-Fairficld shipyards) quit their jobs and left Ihe community each month between May, 1942, and January, 1943, and, in addition, 7,500 workers each month lefl one plant lo go to another, according to a War Manpower Commission survey limited to the 92 plants then covered by Ihe agreement. . . "These figures show conclusively that Baltimore still lacks a firm grip on the labor turnover problem, although turnover has decreased since the program began. "Labor lurnovcr hil the largest plants hardest. In October and November, 1942, Ihe 14 largest war plants In Baltimore hired 23,309 to get a net increase of 2,830. In other words, for every 17 workers hired, 14 left. And more than half of Ihosc leaving jusl quit." The endless job-changing in the Uilal war plants implies,-of course thai men slill have in wiir-time that full personal liberty and freedom of movement which they enjoy in peace-lime—bul Ihcy don't, really. But for the accident of the draft many of those war plant workers would be in uniform, under slricl discipline, and al soldier's pay; and Ihe leasl anyone can expect, of government today is to require thai the civilian population work regularly, with a minimum of 'moving around". Tliis new OWI report about Baltimore nils me forcibly because jusl a couple of weeks ago a local man returning home from a business trip told me thai he met on Ihe train a well-dressed man who turned out to be a welder. He was from Baltimore. The Hope man asked him, "Did the welding job play oul?" "Oh, no," replied Ihe other, "I'm going to California." Said the Hope man, "I sec . . . more money." Bul Ihe welder shook his head. "No, the pay's the same. Bul I woke up Ihe other day and found I was in Ihe money—and I thought, I've never seen California, and right now's the time I do!" All Ihis, multiplied by Ihousands of cases, makes in war-lime a critically dangerous problem. And il is Ihe problem that the War Manpower Commission, following up Baltimore's first voluntary effort, is now addressing ilsclf lo. Germans, British Swap Bombing Blows London. May 11 ---(/I')— The sky over the English channel was filled today with two - way Iraffic during a clay of sharp aclivily in which Allied bombers and fighters bal- lercd Ihe continent anew and the Germans raided an East Angfian town where many girls were killed when an inn was hit. At least seven others five civilians and ten soldiers — were killed. Big Allied formalions swung across Ihe channel soon after noon und for some lime, many more squadrons headed toward France. Accompanying the air aclivily was a shorl burst of shelling by German big guns on the channel between Boulogne and Calais. Fifteen German Focke - Wulk fighter - bombers swooped down on an East Anglian town early Ihis morning, dropping explosives, machine - gunning buses and dropping a bomb on a building housing a number of auxiliary territorial service girls, where 11 bodies later were recovered. The raid was of the usual recent iiit-run type. Legion Meeting Is Called for Friday As special meeting of Leslie Hud- dleslon Posl No. 12 American Legion has been called for 8 o'clock Friday night, May 14, at the Legion hail, according to an announcement by Pgal Commander H. M. Olsen. Japs Reported Only 12 Miles From India Front By the Associated Press A Tokyo broadcast asserted today that Japanese troops, rolling back Fcild Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell's British forces, had advanced within 12 miles of the India Burma frontier in the gravest threat of invasion yet to ' confront India's .'inO.OOO.OOO. The locale of the thrust was not disclosed, and confirmation was lacking from any Allied source. The Tokyo radio said Japanese troops wore "mopping up enemy remnants" near the border. Today's British communique, Riving no hint of a major setback, said British artillery bombarded Japanese troops on the Maung- daw - Buthcdiiung rod, where the Japanese had gained a fool- hold, and RAF fighters machine- gunned enemy troops in the area. Other Pacific war developments saw Mlh U. S. Air Force planes blow up seven locomotives and blast four river boats in two days of strafing sweeps over Japanese- occupied Inclo - China, which adjoins Burma in the north. Dispatches said 15 locomotives had been knocked out in the last month, and the Japanese had been forced to operate trains only at night. In the Southwest Pacific, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters announced that Allied bombers left 20 fires raging in an assault on Die Japanese base at Bubo, Dutch New Guinea, while Allied troops beat off an enemy attack in the Mubo area 12 miles south of the Japanese base at Sala- niaua, New Guinea. Enemy planes raided three Allied points, but caused little damage. Amount of Tax Argued by Senate Group Washington, May 11 —(/T)— It's nol Ihe principle, it's how much— That's what the controversy over tearing up income taxes has boiled clown to in the Senate today as members continued cloakroom arguments over the amount of tax abatement thai should be granted lo gel the country on a current payment basis. Senator Vandcnbcrg (R.Mich.\ a proponent of the Ruml - Carlson "skip a year" bill approved by the Finance Committee, told reporters that lax abatement now •seems to have the approval of almost everybody and ho couldn't sec much lefl to fight about. "Tax abatement is approved by nearly everybody al some level," he declared. "There is no mailer of principle involved anymore, il is jusl a mailer of degree." On Ihe other side of Hie fence, Senator George (D-Ga.), an op- ponciH of Iho Ruml - Carlson bill, conceded Ihis had become almosl the sole issue in a battle thai dragged through weary months in the House and will open a new phase in Hie Senate tomorrow. The committee - approved Senate measure provides for cancellation of 1942 or 1943 taxes, whichever is the lower, for all persons except Ihosc with so-called windfall incomes, and the institution of a 20 per cent withholding levy on wages and salaries as the basic effort to collect taxes currently. The House bill, on the other hand, cancels only the U per cent normal and Ihe 13 per cent first bracket surlax for all taxpayers, leaving those in higher brackets liable for payment of the remainder in Ihe regular way that taxes now are collected. Many Highways Are Out Due to Floods Litlle Rock, May II — i/P)— Highway Director W. W. Mitchell today issued the following information on conditions of primary and secondary roads in the northern section of the stale: Highway No. 7, near Dover, road washed oul and being repaired. Highway 21, north of Clarksville, bridge washed oul and Iraffic being deloured. Highway 123, seven miles north Lamar, GO fool steel bridge washed out. Highway (i5, belween Lilllc Rock and Harrison, open lo Iraffic [hough dumps and fills damaged jy washing. Highway" 14, Balesvillc. to Newport, under water and closed. Highway 71, 18 miles north of unction with highway 64 at Almu, open to light traffic, perhaps heavy .raffic late today. War Plant Blast Is Fatal to Two Charlston, W. Va., May 11 — (IP) —An earth - shaking blast Which tore through a unit of the carbide and carbon chemicals plant in South Charleston today killed two men and injured at least 13 others, most of them seriously. Flames hundrfds of feet high bli- lowcd from the wrecked building. The plant, which is on Blaine island in the center of Kanawha river, poduccs war material. Summer School to Open Here on May 24 James It. Jones, superintendent of schools, announces that summer school will open May 24, 8 a. m. at the high school. This school is for students regularly enrolled in school and also for those adults who want to take advantage of this opportunity to make high school credit for regular high school courses. Students who have failed work in regular term ami also those who want to take up new work may do so. All seventh and eighth grade students who desire summer school work can 'only take those subjects in which they have failed the past school year. There will' be two 6 weeks terms of summer school provided that there arc enough students and adults to justify having two terms. In case there arc not enough students to justify two terms, there will be only one 6 week term. The first term will end July 2. The hours of summer school will be from 8 a. in. to 12. Only 2 units can be earned in 12 weeks, and only one unit can be earned in a f) week period.. A,VStU-. dent may take one or two subjects each term for credit. Two 6 week terms arc equal to one-half year's work. This summer school will be run on a tuition basis and tuition will be paid in advance. The subjects to be offered are as follows: Beginning Typing, Advanced Shorthand, Business Arithmetic Business English, American History, World History. English It (10th grade). English 111 filth grade), English IV (12th grade). Slimmer school instructors arc as follows: Miss Mary Drokc, English and math: Miss Sara Paylon, English an.. History; Mrs. li-ina Dean, Typing and Shorthand. More instructors will be added if needed. More classes will be organized provided there are enough students to justify setting up a new class. For further information call Mr. James H. Jones, superintendent of schools, (phone 167). Seeks Power of Veto Over the President Washington, May 11 —(/iv- .Republican Leader Martin, of M5Vs- achusetts, announced today a conference of his party's House members lias developed "a great deal veto powers over President Roos- of sentiment" to give Congress veto powers over President Roosevelt's authority to negotiate reciprocal trade agreements. Shortly after the party conference adjourned, Rep. Reed (R-NY) told the House that "Congress has an opportunity here and now to recapture its power over the tariff and slop this trend of abdication in favor of the executive branch." Democratic leaders contend the veto provision, if passed, would kill the reciprocity program, which is up for renewal beyond the June 12 expiration date. A vote is due tomorrow. Rep. Cooper (D-Tenn.) contended in the House that there is adequate legislative supervision now in that the authority, first granted in 1934, comes up each three years for review and renewal. Exchanges in the debate yesterday gave a foretoken of issues that probably will reverberate in the 1944 presidential campaign, as Democrats accused Republicans of isolationsim" and heard themselves scribed as fostering a n effort to shape the post-war world by a "new deal" blueprint. This was challenged by Rep. fish (R-NV), who declared it was "sheer hypocrisy, bunkum and falsehood" to say that the trade agreements had "something to do with preserving the peace." Fish charged that the idea had been "sold through mass propaganda, especially to women's groups which are writing to us." Fighting Ability of Americans Stuns Germans London, May 11 —(/P)— Adolf Hitler faced the double task today of speeding the defense of Axis-dominated Europe against the next Al- hcl blow while cushioning the impact of the Tunisian defeat on German morale at home. indicating that Hitler considers Italy the weak link in his chain of fortifications across southern Europe, the Moscow radio quoted dispatches from Switzerland saying he had entrusted Italy's defense to two of his most trusted lieutenants —Rcichsmarshal Hermann Goering and Hcinrich Himmlcr, head of the Nazi secret police. Goering will take over the reorganization of the Italian army, the broadcast said, while H i m m 1 c r, through purges among various groups, will attempt a "stabilization of the internal front." A Berlin dispatch to the Swiss newspaper Tribune DC Geneve last night described the bulk of Germans at home as "walking around as though hit on the head" at news of the Allied triumph in North Africa. People everywhere grasp at official information or reports, the correspondent wrote, but said that at the moment official information was difficult to obtain. He added that to understand the astonishment of the German people, it must be realized that, during the long retreat across Africa by AXIF forces, it was never intimated that the German withdrawal was "anything but voluntary." Yesterday, the dispatch said, all of Berlin's newspapers were full of the Tunisian situation and spoke of a 'fight to the last cartridge, adding that the press and propaganda agencies were "now having difficulty to explain the affair." The Bern Dor Bund said that the American fighting ability, which "had not been held highly" by Berlin, came as a shock to all Axis military leaders, and Europe's neutral press praised the Allied leadership and men. Der Bund added that it. was "Ihe Americans and French that were used for the decisive blows. . . . Most important of all it seems to us that now the Americans have proved exceptional fighting power arid extraordinarily good leadership." Hitler's Axis partners seemed convinced that a new Allied blow was in the making. Virginio Gayda, writing in the Giornalc D'ltalia, was quoted by the Berlin radio last night as saying that the Axis "has prepared plans of defense which will become known when the lime has come." He professed to sec in (lie Tunisian defeat an improvement in Italy's position, for, he said, "the Italians can now concentrate all their means of defense within their own country while the enemy has to risk a jump across the sea." Rumanian Premier Ion Anlone- scu was quoted as saying in a Budapest dispatch that his country already has lost half a million men in Russia, including prisoners, but faces still greater sacrifices. The present disposition of Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery's Eighth Army was seen here as probably one of the Axis loader's chief worries. It is known that some of the best units were pulled from the Ani Hallouf area in Tunisia and sent to join the First Army in the attack on Tunis. Tf Hitler knew whether the remainder of the Eighth was still in the Ain Hallouf area or had been withdrawn to the rear for regrouping and preparation for a new stroke, he might know the answer to the riddle of where the United Nations will strike next. Another Tunisian question still unanswered was the whereabouts of Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim. Captured German officers insisted yesterday ~thal Von Arnim is still in Africa, but they said that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel left about two months ago because of illness. In the first reports from Holland since German occupation authorities imposed m a r t i a 1 law last week, Tass, official Soviet News Agency, said that all Dutch universities have been closed because of anti - German disturbances among the students. Weiner-Roast for Auxiliary Police A weiner-rousl in Fair park will feature the regular May meeting of the Hemps!cad County Auxiliary Police at 7:80 o'clock this Wednesday night. May 12, according to an announcement to the membership by Corbin Fuller, secretary- treasurer. Peach Crop in U. S. Far Below Average Washington, May 11 —(/P)— The United Slates Department of Agriculture office announced today that indicated peach production in 10 southern states as of May 1 was 0,141,000 bushels as compared with 19,591,000 last year and a 10 year average (1930 - 39) of 14,505,000 bushels. The department said indicated production in Georgia was 2,655,000 bushels as compared with 6,177,000 in 194$ and a ten year average of 5,177,000. Figures for other slates included: Arkansas 820,000; 2,33,000; and 1,42,000 bushels. Flood Reaches Danger Stage in Arkansas Forl Smith, May 11 — (ff>) — Lowland dwellers 'throughout northwest Arkansas from Fort Smith to Harrsion watched mountain creeks burst from their banks and larger streams rise rapidly toward danger stages today in floods that threatened lo assume serious pro- porlions. The Weather Bureau at L i 111 e Rock issued flood warnings for the Arkansas and White rivers while reports told of highways and railroads cut off by Ihe swiflly swollen streams. Evacuation of lowlaiid residents in this vicinity slarted late yesterday under supervision of Red Cross workers and soldiers from nearby Camp Chaffee, Eureka Springs was reported hard hit with Leatherwood creek washing oul Iwo Missouri and Arkansas railroad bridges between there and Seligman, Mo. Farmers near Morrilton rushed to sandbag their levees and Stale Highway Director W. W. Mitchell ordered ro*d creWs tead> to jotn in such efforts. Gov. Homer M. Adkins said that the stale's new war emergency board, with $250,000 available for such activities, would consider the flood situation at its organization mr-otiiiR in Little Rock today. The floods broke over the weekend following rains of cloudburst proportions. Eureka Springs was swept by a cloudburst last night that poured an estimated three inches of rain onto the hilly section in 30 minutes. The M. & A. reported its tracks under water at Arlburg, Shirley and H i g d o n. Telegraph lines south of Leslie were down as tlie flood washed out the poles. Al Clarksville, several stores in Iho business district suffered damage to stock and fixtures estimated at $15,000 as the flood waters swepl through the streets. The spinach crop in thai area, three - fourths harvested, was washed out. Rain at Fayetteville broke a 15- year record and sent the Illinois river on a wild rampage. Several families near Savoy had to be evacuated and roads were cut in several places. Strawberry growers feared their crop would be ruined. Ceiling Set on Price of Alarm Clocks Washington, May 11 — (/T) — Don't count your chicken dumplings before the alarm clocks have hatched, but you m-i-g-h-t be able to kill Ihe old red rooster soon. The Office of Price Administration today set a ceiling price of $1.65 — plus taxes — on the new "war alarm clock," effective tomorrow. In addition to the $1.65, buyers will have to pay 10 per cent federal excise lax, as well as Icoal sales laxes, if any. Hard sleepers though rcporledly have paid as high as $9 for alarm clocks because of the acule shortage. Still coyly hiding backstage somewhere, 100,000 of the war- model clocks, with revised steel innards lo save brass, have been made, Ihe War Produclion Board disclosed, bul the date of their public appearance remains in Ihe unspecified fulure. Defense workers al shipyards and war planls probably will get firsl crack al Ihe elusive slecp- deslroyers. il was believed, on Ihe theory lhat Hie more vital your job, the more reason to wake you up in the morning. The clocks, when finally delivered, will look, tick and break down like any normal pre - war timekeepers. The difficulty of le'l- ing them apart from previous clocks may be complicated by the lillle or no name they will bear. It is up to the manufacturer whether lie wants to write "war alarm" on the face, or leave it blank. Many Germans Surrender As Trap Is Sealed Grombalia, on Cap Bon, May 10 ) — AdoLt Hitler's famous shock troops became a desperate rabble running for their lives into umn's of the British First Army A the hills of Cap Bon peninsula or moving rapidly along coastal roads surrendering in thousands to t h e on bolh " - - British First Army today. The collapse of the once proud German divisions rivals that of their scorned Italian satellites. on bolh sides of Cap Bon found many German - set fires today and indications that the Germans were preparing for wholesale surrender. All morning I have raced foT- (The A1 Siers radio, in a broad- ward with the armored scout cars cast recor ded in London, said •miJ nAA « it • _ _ . . • . 3 nPHHrtliarf^fo cnntrat*vit*m and seen the amazing spectacle of the German army humbled in the dust of a panicky retreat. Only a few artillerymen are making any sort of resistance to the British. Five Ihousand G c r- man Infantrymen surrendered in the last four hours to one armored brigade. A fale worse than Dunkerque has overwhelmed Hitler's African Corps. I have just entered Grombalia and six miles away on the left, the little town of Soliman also has been captured. A German vehicle containing three.dead officers still was burning across the road from my car. Four , German armored force grenadiers who said the had come from the Russian front to Africa last December came up and asked me to accept their surrender, "We are Kaputt (ruined)," de clared a grimy - faced blond sergeant who towered above my own height of six feet three inches. "We have no food, no munitions, •no benzine." .. v , the four stood in the \vhlriinji white dust of the mainetaoih white dust of the main highway, their guns abandoned and little blanket bundles slung over their backs while passing British armor ignored them. "You must march to the prisoner of war stockade at the junction," I advised them. The little group shuffled off obediently. "Would you like to ride?" asked the colonel politely. "Thank you," the major replied in good English. "But I should prefer to march with my men. The German command obviously had hoped to stall off the British at Hammam Lif, a picturesque Moslem village on the plain a half mile wide between the hills and the sparkling Mediterranean. Sherman tanks swept through this Gap nine miles southeast of Tunis i n a ten-hour battle yesterday, outflanking a line of German 88s by sending one squadron along the sand beach. It was strictly an armored snow; no British infantry was used today. Tills morning the armored advance guard swept forward nine to thirteen miles as the enemy defense collapsed in a mad rout. Hug stocks of military supplies were found untouched in the warehouses of big vineyards near Grombalia and Soliman. In their frantic haste the enemy failed to blow up any bridge or to lay a single mine. Large parking lots filled with undamaged enemy vehicles are scattered in the fields and th hills to the right of the main highway. Field and orchards are dotted with the personal baggage cast off by the fleeing Germans. Many Mobile 88 guns have been abandoned but usually only after their breeches were smashed by explosive charges. Refugees and carts piled high with bedclothes and pots and pans were returning to their shell-pitied homes. A black - bcreted general who was studying his maps in the turret of a Sherman parked on a steep and rocky hill above acres of green vines told me: "Il's all over, there isn't going lo be any Axis Dunkerque. A few tough chaps are still fighting, but most of the enemy is now giving in. It had been drenched with a hot African morning, sunshine. and the hungry general was just about to eat his biscuits spread with peanut butter. The wireless in a tank began sputtering and I could hear the cool, Oxonian accent of some squadron leader reporting from lis patrol. "Quite an interesting story here, sir,"the voice said. "We have met. a British soldier who was captured and disarmed last night. This norning, he says, Hie Germans iave him back his rifle. Now he is here with 200 Germans who sur- endered to him." By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarters in North At-S rica. May 11 —(/P)— Armored col' headquarters spokesman esti-'x mated 100,000 prisoners had fallen,' into Allied hands and that not all' had yet been counted. (What probably was, the last ~ tank battle to be fought in Tunisia was raging between the British« and remenants' of the German 10th ' Armored Division on Cap Bon, the 1 ' Algiers radio said. (The British had advised several * miles northeast of Hammamet up Cap Bon, the radio said, and 5 found the roads intact but littered » with transport and material'' which the Germans had not taken the time to destroy.) ,-i: Allied Headquarters in North Af-l' rica, May U — Gen. Dwight* D. Eisenhower's headquarters an-* nounced today that British armor! had forced a complete break- ? j through on the neck of Cap Con 1 peninsula, closing that blind alley; at its mouth and pocketing enemy-' forces which still were fighting J fiercely to the south and west, ' ' Advancing from the Hamnian Lif area on the north side of theS neck.. .the B r it i s>h first. Arm " crossed "the "base ~§t the"p«iffiula „ to the outskirts, of'Hammamet on£l the south side, and took Soliman.•,} Grombalia and Menzel Bou Zelfa * in the center, the communique*,': announced. 1 (A Reuters dispatch from Allied 3 headquarters said the British en-~?f tered i Hammamet early ,this morning.) Scorched by Allied fire from" land, sea and air, the German arid Italian armies which were crowded onto Cap Bon appeared to have, lost their nerve after this bold, *j swift stroke by British armor and' the prospects of a last stand on the mountain - ribbed peninsula were diminishing. The opposition from these troops was slight, and the trapped soldiers were inclined to surrender at < the first opportunity as British Naval forces scoured nearby waters m what was described as a "mopping up" of small parties attempting a disorganized escape. Pilots who continued to sweep the beaches reported little activity . and said the cornered enemy ap- 1 ity of attempting to get away, while parently had recognized the futility of attempting to get away, while huge fjres blazing along the roads of Ihe bomb - riddled cape indicated the Germans already were burning their supplies. More than 5,000 prisoners were taktjn by the British in their lightn. mg thrust across the peninsula, including>,600 members of the crack Hermann Goering regiment which had fought strongly around Ham-, man J,if from entrenched and buried tanks. This unit appeared to have lost its nerve along with other uuits who were surrendering in companies even though their am- munjtion and supplis were not yet Exhausted. • Captured along with the flood of prisoners .jwere messages of en* couragment sent to the front lines by both Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. It was not known when the messages were sent but there was no evidenc that they had bed any effect on the enemy's resis- • tance. • The Nazis had attempted to stop the British drive by using their tanks, drained of fuel, as fortresses, bul when Ihe British renewed their deadly assault yesterday j, morning opposition cracked and i tlie armor of Lieut. Gen. K.A.N. Anderson swept through to the south coast area with but little difficulty. The tanks reached Sulirnan. 10 miles southeasl of Hammam LiJ, by 2 p.m., swepl on lo Grombalia. six miles lo the south, by 5 p m and by 8:30 p.m. last night were within six miles of Hammamet, This peace - time resort town is astride the coastal road on the south side of Cap Bon. Its capture cut off the remaining first line iroops who were fighting the Brit- sh Eight Army and the 19th French Corps to the south and west from the supply units and communication personnel who had •etreated into the peninsula's noun tains. "British officers on the Cap Bon on Pa|e Three)

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