Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on October 5, 1949 · Page 7
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 7

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 5, 1949
Page 7
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v^ There's Power Mason City Globt-Gaicllt, Mason Clly, la. Oct. 4, 1949 17 —— • 9 ~ ' REPORT—The complicated process of getting your newspaper to the carrier boys starts when men gather the facts which are to be written into the news stories you read. .Here President Truman talks' to reporters. EDIT—After the stories are written they are sent to news desks like this where they are edited and headlines for them are written. These men also decide how much space to allow the various stories. SET—In the printing plant the first process is to set the stories in metal type. Here a man is shown at work on a typesetting machine. MAKEUP—Once the type is set and corrected it must be made up into pages— the basis for the printing process which follows. PRINT—Mocit modern newspaper presses can print papers at the rate of 30,000 an hour or faster. Many work through the stereotyping process which duplicates the page of type in a curved metal plate which, locked on the press, does the printing. Here papers come off the press. DELIVER — Your carrier boy takes the papers from the press and delivers them to your door. He is the last link in a big, fast job. Here's Where the Censor Is at CANADA NORTH China Exert* Pressure For "Better Press" on Foreign Correspondents Political Unrest in Latin America I u OF Affects Freedom 5OU ™ Af " CA The War That Never Ends CENSORSHIP of news is found in many areas of the world today. Biggest such area is that made up of the Soviet Union and the powers which are associated with her. It is also found in other areas, however. Sometimes it is associated with wars such as that ^yvhich is continuing in French - held Indo - China. One place where it is growing in intensity is China where the communist forces are taking over more territory and are tightening controls in the places they hold. The map here divides censorship areas into those where control is complete and those where it is partial. AP Ncwsfeatures The carrier boy gives most newspaper readers their cloest contact -with their paper. He delivers it to their doors in all kinds of weather every day it is printed. To take care of his route properly he must have ninny qualities. It takes energy and persistence to get out every day and cover that route. It takes business know-how to keep his accounts , .,, straight. Courtesy keeps his cus- umlls much as they will appear tomers happy. He must be care- "'hen printed. ful to avoid putting the papers in A "proof" is taken of these the wrong place. It takes sales- "galleys" and is read by the manship to get new customers proof~ readers. The corrected and keep old ones. proofs go back to the machines Early in life carrier boys learn and corrections are put into type, about "one of the big enterprises These corrections are then in- of the world. Newspapers com- serted into the galleys and the bine many of the things that incorrect lines o£ type thrown make modern life. First they arc out. business enterprises. Sale of ad- After that the "floor" men vertismg and the papers them- take over the job. And here the selves involve principles all galleys of news .stories meet the business men use. They are also advertising. This is gathered manufacturing plants turning out f rom } oca i sources and from a physical product. They are part national agencies in a process of a giant world wide communica- somewhat similar to the gather- lions system. There is also the mg o f ncws . There is also, how- news gathering and presentation ever> a sa i es problem, which involves many things — Advei . tising copy is edited writing, illustrating, and editing, flnd gent to th(J sh()p - n much for instance. ths same way that news is The news itself starts with handled. the reporter who goes out and The fj OOL . men take the news gathers facts. Those facts go to anc j advertising type and put it a newsroom where they are writ- j nto "chases." These are steel ten into stories. forms the size and shape of If the facts that make the story printed news pages. Some papers are far away from the paper you put chases with the type locked read, they usually move through into them on the press and print n wire service. The Associated from them. On other papers, Press maintains bureaus all over however, the chase goes to the the world, funneling news to your stereotyping department, paper through a vast system of Here it is covered with a wire and radio channels. special cardboard "mat" and But whether it is local news forced under a steel roller at gathered by your paper's own re- srreat pressure. When the mat is porters or "wire" news, it .goes lifted off, the type and pictures to a desk which is a part of that have thrust themselves into the paper. There it is edited and • mat. Every detail is duplicated. headlines for it are written From h t to a form whcre there the stones go to the shop. hot lype metal f ^ a big £urnace That is where the manufactur- is poured around it. The result ins part of the process starts, is a type metal page form. These The typesetting machines used inked forms nre locked on the by modern newspapers are among" presses. Great rolls of news the most complicated used in in- print race past them, picking up dustry today. These machines the inked impressions, and your turn out lines of type which are carrier boy gets the paper he put together in "galleys" or col- will bring to your door. Your "Little Merchant" In National Newspaper week, it is a duty and privilege to say a word for the newsboys, who are on the job day after day regardless of weather conditions. As the link between a newspaper and its readers, these boys have a highly important job. However hard a staff may try to put out the very best newspaper it can, the effort doesn't mean much unless the reader gets his paper on time and without inconvenience. It's up to the carrier to see that he docs. So the newspaper boy has a real responsibility. It is not always easy to fulfill, for vacation days and after-school hours are beset with temptation for any normal youngster. But even though the job may seem an awful chore at times, we don't recall any ex-newspaper boy of our acquaintance who thinks today that his early introduction to responsibility was harmful. The ranks of the successful must have a good portion of men who learned the elements of business, and the obligation to give dependable performance for money earned, and the ability to meet the adult world on more or less of an even basis, in the days when they were delivering papers. We know there are a good many such men in the newspaper business. The youngster who comes walking or cycling up or down your street with a sackful of papers is more than just a kid with a pin-money job. He plays a leading part in keeping the American people the best and most fully informed in the world. The U. S. has about a half-million such boys. HOW U.S. NEWSPAPERS GAIN CIRCULATION TOTAL CIRCULAT/ON PER DAY, WEEKDAY MORNING AND EVENING PAPERS OFFICE * Things THE NEWSPAP Really Aren't As Bad As These Words Sound ''FREEDOM GOES WHERE THE NEWSPAPER GOES!"—This is the slogan of National Newspaper week now being observed throughout America. Freedom of the press is more than a pretty phrase. At its foundation is the RIGHT OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO KNOW THE TRUTH. That's something far more important than the privilege of a newspaper to print what it pleases, within the bounds of the law of libel, of course. America's newspapers ARE unfettered. They must ever be so. MORGUE Today, they sometimes call it a library. But to old time, newsmen a place where you file things is a morgue. SLUG CUT That is just a line on a piece of copy to tell To cut is to cross out part of a gtory to make the printer what to do with* it. A line of type it shorter. A cut is also a metal plate used in metal from the type setting machine is to print a picture or sometimes the picture also called a slug. itself as it appears in a paper. KILL Don't print that, take it out, destroy it—or maybe just throw it in the wastebasket like this—that is "kill."

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