Iowa a place to grow Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 107 - No. 58 Carroll, Iowa, Tuesday, March 23, 1976 — Ten Pages Delivered by Carrier Each Evening for 60c Per Week 15c Copy Wall ace, Reagan Braced for a Defeat in N.-C. Vote Bicentennial Engine -Staft Pholo Engine 1776 was in Carroll at noontime Monday. This specially painted railroad engine of the Chicago and North Western Transportation Co. came to Carroll for the first, and possibly the last, time Monday pulling a freight. The engine is painted red, white and blue in. celebration of the country's 200th birthday. It is used on regular duty on the system on a rotating basis so that it visits all parts of the system. The engine, which came from Boone to Carroll, is shown switching cars at the Carroll yard. At left is Jesse Burton, Ogden, and at right is Cris Nystrom, Boone, both North Western employes. Senate Puts Off Debate on Compromise Tax Cap Plan DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) The Iowa Senate has put off until Thursday debate on a compromise plan to hold down escalating property taxes. "I want to make sure everyone understands what's in the , package," said Sen. George Kinley, D-Des Moines, the Democratic floor leader. The House approved the package last Thursday without a single Republican vote. The Senate was, to have taken up the measure Tuesday. The property tax plan'was approved late last Wednesday by a House Senate conference committee after the two houses failed to agree on how to hold down spending by local governments. "I understand Republicans took a caucus position against it Thursday," Kinley said. "That was after they said they needed time to study it." Republicans say they are working on an alternative to the conference committee plan — one that would greatly increase school aid as a method of reducing local taxes rather than give credits or property tax exemptions directly to the property owner. "There is no perfect plan," said Sen. Clifton Lamborn, R Maquoketa, the Republican floor leader. Democrats hold a 26-24 edge in the Senate with 26 votes needed to approve any bill. Sen. Karl Nolin, D-Ralston, is ill and not expected back in Tax Refund Reward for Voters Rejected DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — Attempts to reward voters with an income tax refund for going to the polls were rejected Monday as the Iowa Senate approved 42-3 corrections to election reform laws passed in 1975. "In the last election, only 48 per cent of eligible voters did vote," said Sen. Joan Orr, D- Grinnell. "If more people were voting, people would take more interest in what is going on in state government and give us a more stable society." Mrs. Orr proposed that voters be given a $5 refund on. their income tax if they voted in general elections. After the idea met overwhelming opposition, she withdrew it and instead proposed that voters be given a certificate entitling voters to discounts with local merchants. That was defeated 38-6.. The Senate, without debate, removed a provision put in by the House to require an in- Senate, See Page 2 time for the vote. In addition. Sen. Minnette Doderer, D-Iowa City, reportedly opposes the plan and will not vote with Democrats. Lamborn said the delay is needed so that another plan can be developed that might give lowans relief from spiraling property taxes this year. "I've been around here enough to know that we are not going to pass a Republican plan," Lamborn said. "I want to give George (Kinley) time to work up a better plan. I know a plan with a Republican label will never pass in the House." Meanwhile, Kinley is having another plan drafted, but it is designed to encourage rural Republicans to vote for the conference committee report. The conference committee report would add $24 million to agricultural land credits this year and would have the state pay property taxes on $4,500 of value of residences. In the second year of the two-year plan, homeowners would get ah exemption of $3,250 on the value of their property before taxes^are figured and farmland would be valued at 100 per cent Taxes, See Page 2 Area Forecast Partly cloudy Tuesday night, lows upper 30s to lower 40s. Partly cloudy and cooler Wednesday,' highs low to mid 60s. RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) — George C. Wallace and Ronald Reagan, once confident of victory in North Carolina's primary election, say they will continue as candidates for president no matter what happens in voting today. Reagan, challenging President Ford for the Republican nomination, and Wallace, one of six Democrats on the ballot — their campaigns already shaken by earlier primary election setbacks — left North Carolina Monday night as underdogs. State elections director Alex Brock predicted that 36-38 per cent of eligible voters would help decide distribution of North Carolina's 61 Democratic and 54 Republican national convention delegates. A light frost and chilly temperatures but sunny skies greeted voters as the polls- opened at 6:30 a.m. Reports from several areas during the first hour gave no clear indication of voter turnout. The polls close at 7:30 p.m. EST. Most of the voting is on machines in heavily populated areas, but paper ballots are still used in some rural areas. Ford, winner of the first five GOP primaries, was in Washington to await election results after spending the second of two weekends in the state. Former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter, expected to finish first in Democratic balloting — he won the New Hampshire, Vermont, FloHda and Illinois primaries — spent more time in the state than Ford but campaigned elsewhere as election day approached. Reagan flew to Wisconsin Monday night to prepare for the April 6 primary there, while Wallace returned to his home in Montgomery, Ala. Other Democratic candidates, in addition to Wallace and'Carter, were Washington Sen. Henry M. Jackson, Arizona Rep. Morris Inside Mozambique prepares for war — Page 10. Congress moves on toxic substances — Page 5. Women's news — Page 4. Editorials — Page 3. Deaths, daily record, markets, late news — Page 2. Sports Hold first baseball exhibition, Bartow to use Wooden's philosophy, unbeaten Rutgers at top — Page 6. K. Udall, former Oklahoma Sen. Fred Harris and Texas Sen. Lloyd Bentsen. Only Jackson campaigned in North Carolina; Bentsen has quit the race. As Reagan and Wallace put the finishing touches on their North Carolina campaigns Monday, there were these other developments on the political front: —R. Sargent Shriver, the Democratic vice presidential candidate in 1972, dropped out of the presidential race. Shriver said he would throw his support to another candidate soon and that the 11 delegates he won in early primaries were released to vote as they wish. —The Federal Election Commission, created to administer and enforce the 1974 campaign finance law, lost most of its powers as Congress failed to meet a deadline for restructuring it in compliance with a Supreme Court order. —Democratic leaders in Florida denounced Carter and Jackson campaign officials for trying to handpick their delegates to the national convention. Carter and Jackson forces, citing national party rules, have vetoed hundreds of names from a list of those who qualified to run as delegates for the presidential hopefuls. —Ford won 14 more delegates to the Republican convention when the District of Columbia Board of Elections declared his delegate slate, which was not opposed, elected. The D.C. primary is May 4. North Carolina was'once considered a cornerstone state by both Wallace and Reagan strategists. It is a state with a recent record of strong support for conservative candidates and causes — President Nixon won 71 per cent of the vote here in the 1972 election and Wallace won the 1972 Democratic primary. But Ford and Carter predicted victory in this year's voting. Reagan opened his final news conference Monday by saying he had "no prediction as to how the North Carolina primary will turn out." May Change Game Plan for Bill Resume Debate on Criminal Code DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — • Shaken by a flareup which led to a walkout by the bill's floor manager, the Iowa House was set to resume debate Tuesday on a massive revision of state criminal laws. There was speculation over the weekend that the House might drop further action on the 427-page measure. But Asst. Majority Leader Don Avenson, D-Oelwein, said the leadership has no thought of that. The leaders, however, were thinking of changing the game plan for the bill so that work on it would be intermittent instead of continuous. They also were urging review of the many amendments filed to the bill to see which ones could be withdrawn. Avenson said pure fatigue after eight days of debate on the criminal code and a night session to adopt a conference committee property tax com- Colorado 'Sunset' Bill Near Approval DENVER (AP) -Colorado may soon begin the un-bureaucratic practice of abolishing state agencies which can't justify their existence. That concept is now in the form of a revolutionary bill — with bipartisan backing — which proposes to terminate any one of Colorado's 44 state divisions, agencies, boards or commissions that fails to show it is worth continuing. "It's really a bill that demands accountability," said Steve Barth, a representative of Colorado Common Cause, one of the prime movers behind the bill. The first-of-its kind ''sunset' 1 bill was unanimously approved by a committee of the Colorado legislature on Monday and sent to the Senate for final consideration. It already has passed the House. If approved by the Senate, it would be the first such legislation to gain approval in any state legislature. A similar proposal was rejected by Texas voters in 1975 as part of a package of constitutional amendments. The sunset bill would mandate that units of state government be terminated unless a legislative review procedure — repeated every six years — demonstrates their effectiveness. "It's going to be awfully hard for anybody who's been talking about too much government for all these years to Vote against this bill," said Rep. Gerald Kopel, the Democrat who sponsored the measure. Kopel and Common Cause have fashioned a bipartisan, philosophically diverse coalition to support the bill, which now appears to have built the momentum needed to pass the Republican-dominated Colorado Senate. Barth said Common Cause has been concerned about the proliferation of state agencies and their apparent lack of administrative review or performance standards. The sunset concept grew out of that concern and the resulting legislation is now considered a model, he said. promise may have been a factor in Friday's walkout by floor manager Norman Jesse, D^Des Moines. Jesse startled the House when he suddenly announced that he wanted "to be excused from any further foolishness" about the bill and walked out of the chamber. The walkout came after a series of amendments dealing with sex crimes, indecent exposure and gun laws had been adopted. The one that apparently was the last straw for Jesse was an amendment by Rep. Laverne Schroeder, R-McClelland, and 39 others to outlaw topless waitresses and nude go-go dancing in bars and taverns. When the debate abruptly ended Friday, the House had disposed of 218 amendments and 149 were on file, with more coming. Avenson accused Atty. Gen. Richard Turner of trying to scuttle the bill by riddling it with amendments and members who supported many of the sex crime amendments with ''election year posturing." "These people know nothing of criminal law, and they could care less," Majority Leader Jerome Fitzgerald, D-Fort Dodge said. "They are mainly interested in getting on record their mid-Victorian views on morality in an election year." Turner denied he was trying to damage the bill by amendments he has had introduced, although he said he hopes the bill will be defeated. He said the 92 amendments his office has offered are designed to make the bill "something we can live with" if it does pass. The prolonged debate on the criminal code is triggered by a head-on clash between two philosophies. One school holds that morals can't be legislated and therefore laws prohibiting such things as sodomy, homosexuality and other sex practices involving only consenting acults are useless. The other school holds that the legislature should set guidelines of moral behavior for citizens and that laws setting out behavorial rules belong in the code, even though they are difficult if not impossible to enforce. On one side are those who want to stress rehabilitation of criminals. On the other are those who believe the aim of criminal penalties should be punishment first and rehabilitation second. The revised criminal code proposed to eliminate non-violent sex crimes between consenting adults. Otherwise, it is largely a restatement of existing laws and an attempt to make penalties consistent with the severity of the offense. Both houses have decided against restoration of the death penalty, which was abolished in Iowa in 1965. As the bill now stands, these are the criminal categories it would establish: Class A felony, punishable by life in prison: First degree Code, See Page 2 Demo Committee Takes Steps to Stay Neutral By Harrison Weber I Iowa Dally Press Association) DES MOINES — The Democratic state central committee' has taken steps to assure presidential candidates of its neutrality. What prompted the action was a report that the central committee might be showing favoritsm through the selection of a keynote speaker at the Democratic state convention on May 29. Charles Hammer, Ames, a member of the central committee, raised the issue at the organization's regular meeting in Des Moines last weekend. More specifically, Hammer, who is an avid Jimmy Carter supporter, questioned whether Sen. Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota had been invited to deliver the keynote speech and to appear at a fund raising event prior to the convention. Democratic State Chairman om Whitney told the committee that invitations had been extended to several people to appear at the convention and a meeting of the New Frontier Club. The central committee did not ask Whitney to identify the persons who had been invited. Although he declined to do so after the meeting, one of the names being bandied about by some committee members is New, York Congresswoman Bella Abzug. The central committee took the position that all presidential candidates, or prospective candidates, should be treated alike. If one were singled out to address the state convention or the New Frontier Club, all should be accorded the same privilege. Since only 7 of the 47 delegates are to be selected at the state convention, Whitney played down the possibility of having another entourage of presidential candidates in Iowa for the state convention. At that point, he said, the battleground is going to be more , on the organizational level. Most of Iowa's delegates to the Democratic national convention in New York this summer will be selected at. six district caucuses to be held across the state on April 10, Forty of the delegates will be selected at that time. Another member of the central committee, Mike McDonald of Davenport, was very cool to the idea of having presidential hopefuls address'the state convention. Democrats will hold their state statutory and state presidential conventions on the same day, May 29. Whitney revealed that the convention will be returning to Veterans' Auditorium in Des Moines, instead of the Hilton Coliseum at Ames. Whitney said he is "negotiating" with the Iowa Educational Broadcasting Network (IEBN) to televise all of the convention proceedings live. The central committee decided to impose a voluntary assessment of $150 for delegates and $75 for alternates to the national convention. This assessment, the same as four years ago, is expected to generate about $7,000, which will be used for staff expense and other items in support of'the delegation. In 1972, the state central committee subsidized the convention expense of Iowa Democrats to the tune of $10,000 to $15,000, Whitney reported. He ^doesn't want that to happen this time. Democrats figure it will cost each delegate about $1,000 to attend the convention in New York City. Chances are that the Iowa delegation will draw a fashionable hotel. A regional platform hearing will be'held at Kansas City on April 24 and the central committee has selected three lowans as temporary members of the national platform committee. They are Paul Smith, Cedar Rapids, and Mary Ellen Chamberlain, Davenport, as delegates and Joe Domian, Cedar Rapids, as the alternate. Domian is also serving as state platform chairman. Three or four regional platform hearings will be held across the country. Democrats are tuning up their voter identification program (VIP) for the coming campaigns. Basically, this involves a computer to sort out the lowans who are registered Democrats and those likely to vote in the Democratic column and to make sure they vote on election day. Don O'Brien, Sioux City, one of Iowa's Democratic national committeemen, reported that the VIP program was very successful in the recent special election held in western Iowa where Democrat Don Binneboese was elected to succeed the late Rep. Bert Fullerton, a Republican. On election day, Democrats had 270 people going door-to-door in the district to make sure that prospective Democratic voters went to the polls. Carmela Brown, a member of the central committee from Des Moines, reported on the party's financial condition. She said an audit of the party's records for the year ending last June 30 showed the party had receipts of $310,943 and expenditures of $320,456. Since the central committee had a beginning balance of $7,934, this resulted in a deficit of $1,579 at the end of the reporting period. Receipts included $92,376 from the state income tax check-off, $68,871 from the party's sustaining fund, $37,162 from the federal candidates fund, $77,652 from general contributions and $10,669 from the New Frontier Club. On the debit side of the ledger, the largest expenditure was $71,468 for salaries plus $49,124 for travel, meals and lodging. Democrats also spent $31,178 for candidates' campaigns, $30,838 on their VIP committee expense, $20,262 on telephone and utilities, $21,009 for materials and supplies and $13,777 for advertising. Chances 1 in 4 You'll Be Injured This Year WASHINGTON (AP) — The chances are better than one in four that you'll^be injured this year and the ways it is most likely to happen are fairly predictable, says a new government report. The report on a study by the National Center for Health Statistics found that an estimated average of 63.4 million Americans per year were hurt seriously enough to seek medical attention or restrict their activities for at least one day in 1971 and 1972. Falls accounted for 13.6 million injuries or 21.5 per cent of the total. More than 4.4 million persons were hurt falling on stairs, steps or from a height. More than 5.6 million were injured bumping into an object or another person, 4.7 million by moving motor vehicles, 4.2 million by cutting or piercing instruments and 4.1 million were hit by moving objects. Together, accidents of that type accounted for nearly 51 per cent of all injuries, based on figures obtained in interviews of 88,000 households with 267,000 residents. The center, an agency of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, said the injury incidence rate in 1971-1972 was about 312 per 1,000 civilians, or 22.2 per cent higher than was found in the last two-year study, made between July 1959 and June 1961. But the report cautioned that changes in the data collection methods may account for a substantial part of the difference. The study shows that 3.8 million persons were injured at work and 24 million in and around the home. About two of every five persons whose injury restricted their activity had to take to bed. Nearly 2.6 million were hospitalized. The center found that many of the types of injuries were most frequent among persons in certain age groups. Moving motor vehicle injuries peaked among 17 through 24-year-olds, for example, while children under the age of 6 were most likely to have serious fall injuries, followed by persons under 17 and over 65. Children aged 6 through 16 had the highest rates for injury by cutting or piercing, bumping or being hit by a moving object. The injury rate for males of all ages was 370.5 per 1,000. almost 44 per cent higher than the rate for females. The report said males were more likely to bump into another person or object, or be struck by a moving object.
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