Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 10, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, May 10, 1943
Page 1
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• ; . . • * > Attention, Shoppers! - Hope Stores Will Close Every Wednesday Afternoon at! o'Clock The Byline of Dependability VOLUME 44—NUMBER 176 Star The Weather Arkansas — Showers and thunderstorms this afternoon and in cast and central portions tonight; cooler tonight. Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 10, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY lockade Circles Cap Bon —— ... . — — Q Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN- Aleutian Communique Victory Garden Rain A Navy communique May 8 said: "American planes oper- j-qting from new advanced positions in the Aleutian islands 'nave stepped up their attacks on Japanese-held Attu island, raiding it seven times Thursday." 2-Year Sentence for Slaying Is Upheld by Court Little Rock, May 10 —(/I')— Jim Smith, Pulaski county farmer and tVoad house operator, must serve a two year prison sentence for Ihc 1042 slaying of Damon Slubblcficld, Liltle Rock clolhing salesman, Ihc Supreme Court decreed today. The ruling upheld a Pulaski cir..V ; uit court conviction on a man- slaughler charge. Smilh was indicted on a firsl degree murder charge for killing Stubbleficld last July 12 on Ihe highway in front of Smith's Last Chance Tavern, aboul . Iwclvc miles wcsl of Liltle Rock. ..• Stale witnesses leslificd Smilh bcal Slubblcfild to death with a tire tool.' Pleading self defense, Smith denied he struck the clothing salesman across Ihe head and declared he mcrly hit him on the •"hands when Stubbleficld pulled a knife. The fiRhl developed after Stubblcfield loft Smith's roadhousc. Smilh was defended by former Governor Carl E. Bailey. In another criminal case Ihc tribunal affirmed a one year sentence assessed Loiiis Jones, 23, Tcxarkana ordinance plant employe, in Miller circuit court for allegedly stealing two automobile tires in April, 1942. Oppoi of merits Food Subsidy Plan to Act Washington, May 10 —(/P)— Congress will get another chance to express itself on Ihc use of government subsidies as a method of hold'- ing down food costs when the ad- minislralion asks for legislation extending the life of the agriculture department's $2,650,000,000 Commodity Credit Corporation. The act authorizing the corpora- .'.tion expires June 30, and the administration is now preparing recommendations that, the agency, which itself is engaged in a number of farm subsidy programs, be extended for at least two more -.years. »' Although the bulk of its activities price - supporting loans to farmers on such crops us cotton, wheat, have centered on government price - supporting loans to farmers on such crops as cotlon, wheat, jcorn, tobacco, soybeans, and other crops, the corporation has taken on, at the direction of President Roosevelt, a mi inter of programs involving subsidy payments cither to farmers or to food processors ,und distributors. * These latter programs have been criticized by members of the congressional farm bloc. Suggestions have been made in Congress that the corporation be specifically prohibited from engaging in subsidy 'Jprograms except as directed by Congress. Commodities involved in corporation subsidy programs include corn, dry beans and peas, cheese, fluid milk in some city marketing ".areas, canned vegetables, vege- ' table oils, sugar, wheat for conversion into industrial alcohol, and such imported products as coffee, tea, and vegetable oil products. •_ New French Army Equipped by U. S. Casablanca, Morocco, May 10 —(/Pi—• Tanks, assault weapons, jeeps, trucks, scout vehicles and 4 armored cars — all flying the French tri-color but with the "USA" stamp still fresh upon them —marked the birth today of a new French Army which will be completely equipped with Ameri, (Can-made weapons. Colorful ceremonies marking the presentation ot the first shipment of American - made war implements were witnessed yesterday by more than 100,000 men, women, and children who perched on roof-tops and leaned from windows to see the parade of armored might roll through thy streets. he Navy went on to disclose that wc had seized the island of Amchilka for an air base, only 233 miles from Ihc Jap stronghold of Atlu. In a day of huge armaments and great masses of men it seems odd thai wc should find ourselves fighting an enemy step by step over a siring ot Arctic islands- much like a couple ot cats on a picket fence. But wc arc reminded of the deadly seriousness of Ihis skirmishing in Ihc Far North by the facl thai right here in our own country there always has been evidence thai al some time or olher America and Asia musl have been connected by some kind of land bridge. The Es- kimoos of Alaska arc of Asialic origin, and there is a Mongolian trace in the anccslory of our Indians. So at some lime or olher-- perhaps when Ihc earth was warmer and ice and snow didn't encrust the Aleutians—Asiatics came across that string ot islands and reached America. Today we are well oul toward the middle of the islands ourselves, braced nol only lo bcal off Ihe enemy bul to push him back until the westernmost island gives us a takeoff point for effective bombing of Japan. •K * * Add lo Ihc factors which arc unifying America in war-time, this one: TownCoUf.hBvc been used lo hcar'r ing farmers yelp aboul Ihe weather being too wet or loo, dry, loo hoi or loo cold—and a lol of folks used lo dismiss Ihc complaint with, "The weather never does suit a farmer." But lhal was before all Ihe town- folk planted Viclory Gardens Ihis sprin. When vegelablc growlh slowed down, dusl spread over Ihe cily, and Ihc clods in Ihe garden turned to concrete—then your town "farmers" hollered for rain as lustily as their country neighbors ever did. And were just as joyous when Ihe flood -broke loose Saturday night. Now it's still running—and somebody wants Ihc water turned off. . . OPA Sets 25 Pound Limit on Sugar Washington, May 10 — f/l'i — The Office of Price Administration lo- day fixed a top limit of 25 pounds of sugar per person for home canning and freezing of this ycai's fruit crop. Except for the specific rnaximun, sugar for home canning will be allocated on substantially the same- basis as last year — one pound of sugar for each four quarts (or eight pounds) of the finished product. With the 2, r ) pound limit, any family may apply for sugar to put up jams, jellies, and preserves at Ihe rale of five pounds per person. Lnsl year Ihe limit for preserves was one pound. There was no nation - wide limit last year on Ihe amount ot sugar allowed each person, but some boards set individual limits of 10 or 15 pounds, while others allowed as much as 45 pounds. Price Adminsitralor Prcnliss M. Brown urged those who can their own fruits and vegetables lo use Iheir processed foods rations sparingly. "Every can of commercially packed foods saved by these folks through home canning is a direct and important contribution to our war effort," he said. "We can run the tolal inlo hundreds of millions of cans. Lei's do it." Brown reported families living in the south and southwest have been obtaining sugar for home canning under last year's regulation. Beginning May 15, rationing boards throughout the country will begin receiving applicalions under the new regulation. No special form is required, unless il is planned lo sell Ihe home product, and applica- lions may be made in person or by mail. Each applicant must furnish a copy of War Ration Book No. 1 for each person for whom home-canning sugar is sought, the tolal number of quarls or pounds to be put up, and the amount of sugar to be used lor making jams and jellies. Commencement Exercises at Saenger Sunday The Hope High School will open its Commencement Exercises next Sunday, May Hi, a I Ihe Sacngcr Theater with the Commencement Sermon. Services will begin at 11:15 o'clock, and Ihc Commencement Sermon will be preached by the Rev. Thomas C. Brewsler, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of this city. The senior class will bo accompanied Sunday by (he junior class. The churches of the city are invited lo join in the services. The following program will be given: Processional—Junior and Senior Class. Invocation—Rev. R. n. Mooro. Anlhcm—"The Lord's Prayer"— Waghornc. Choir—Mrs. B. W. Edwards, Di- rcclor; Mrs. E. H. Slcwart, Accompanist Hymn—"Onward, Chrislian Soldiers"—Baring-Gould. Prayer—Rev. Millard W. Bag- gell. Scripture Reading. (Isiah G:l-8) — Rev. R. B. Moore. Announcements. Offertory. Solo—"God So Loved The World" —Slaincr, Mrs. C. P. Wilscl. Sermon—"A Young Man's Call To Service"—Rev. Thomas C. Brewster. "Star Spangled Banner"—Francis Scott Key, Congregation. Benediction (followed by Doxology—Rev. Millard W. Baggctl. Recessional. Second Body Is Recovered From Red River The body of Logan Williams, 36, 20, was found on a drift yeslerday missing in Red River since April at "Barney's Bend" some 42-miles down river from the Fulton bridge. He was one of two highway em- ployes missing. The body of Roy Hollingsworth was found April 27, a few.miles below Fulton. Both men were engaged in dislodging driftwood from around the piers of the river bridge at Fulton when last seen. Highway Department employes have patrolcd the river day and night since April 27, .searching for Ihe bodies. Williams' body was found by Leonard Hughes, Charles Taylor and .1. L. Tedder. Searchers spent the greater part of Sunday afternoon recovering the body and bring il to Hope. Aiding were Hempslead Coroner, R. V. Herndon, Jr., and slale policemen, Howell and Young. Williams is survived by his wife, a son, Logan, Jr., of Fulton, a daughter, Peggy of Little Rock, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Mark Williams and a brother, Ted Williams, all of Little Rock. Funeral services were held here al II a. m. loday with the Rev. W. H. Stingloy officiating. Burial was in Rose Hill Cemetery. Flood Sweeps Area Around Ft. Smith Fort Smith, May 10 (»•>—. A flood crest of 37 to 38 feet on the Arkansas river at Fort Smith was predicted Monday by the Weather Bureau. The all - time record here is 38 feet, registered in 1833 by Army engineers. The 1941 Octomber-No- vemhcr flood produced a 37.3 crest. Rainfall at Fort Smith since Saturday totalled 7.91 inches. There were no indications of a letup. All principal tributaries of the Arkansas river were bankful or overflowing. The highway traffic report: West from Fort Smith: U. S. 64, closed, with water over the road in several places between here and Muskoge. U. S. 270 and 271 were still open to slow traffic this morning. East from Fort Smith: State 22 open to slow tra.ffic; surface water was over the road at several points U. S. 04 open to traffic. North from Fort Smith: U. S. 71 open to traffic although surface water was over the road at several low points. State 59 blocked three miles north of Van Buren by a culvert washout. South from Fort Smith: U. S. 71 open to traffic; state 45 blocked by surface water south of llacku-lt, Ark. Axis Feverishly Preparing to Halt Invasion London, May 10 — (/I'j— Intensive Axis preparations to ward off any Allied invasion attempt along the soft underbelly of Europe were reported underway from the south coast of France to the Black Sea today as the German - Italian debacle in North Africa entered its final phases. Although Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini seemed particularly concerned over the prospects of an Allied drive through southern Europe looking the possibility of an assault across the English Channel. All of Holland was placed under martial law last night, the Netherlands News Agency Ancta reported, and Dutch sources were convinced the action was taken by the Germans in an effort to forestall any armed outbreak in connection with an Allied invasion. Heightening Axis fears, 400 Allied planes raided the Sicilian harbor of Palermo yesterday on the third Rev. Brewster Observes 10th Year in Hope Services Sunday at First Presbyterian church marked the 10th anniversary of the Rev. Thomas Brewsler in the local pulpit. The Rev. Mr. Brewsler will deliver Ihc baccalaureale sermon to this year's graduating class of Hope High School—the only pastor in the history of Hope, it is believed, whose tenure here has given him the baccalaureate office three times. His predecessor, the late Dr. W. R. Anderson, who held the First Presbyterian pulpit 12 years, delivered the baccalaureate sermon twice. In his report to the congregation on his 10th anniversary the Rev. Mr. Brewster pointed out that during these past 10 years the local church has been host to the following: •Arkansas Presbyterian Synodic?' in 1936. Synod of Arkansas in Octobei 193H. Ouachila Presbytery in Apri. 1U1U. Ouachita ^resbylerial in April, 11)41. Three gioup conierences on Woman's \VUflV. several conferences on religious education. Stewardship ana evangelism. During His ID-year pastorate tin: cnurch membership has increased 20 per cent. anniversary of Hitler's invasion of the lowlands, leaving that important base flaming and smoking under the heaviest aerial onslaught of the Mediterranean campaign. In the Balkans, German troops were being moved southward through Hungary at a rale comparable to that preceding the Axis attack on Greece and Yugoslavia, according to travelers from Europe arriving at Ankara. Stockholm dispatches reported Germany was sending modern weapons to bolslcr Bulgarian defenses. Nazi Gestapo Chief Hoinrich Himmlcr has hurried to the Balkans lo demand Ihe suppression of German opposilion and the deportation o fall opposition leaders, it was reported from Gcnvca by Tass, official Russian news agency. A German radio commentator yesterday underlined the Balkan developments when he said "re- (Conlinued on Page Three) Senate Vote on Tax Plan Expected Soon Washington, May 10 — (/P) — Confident the Senate will override administration, objections, a working coalition of the Republicans and Democrats put the finishing touches loday on a new versioo nf the Ruml skip-a-year plan of current income taxation. Unless a hitch develops, the measure will be sent to the floor tomorrow by the Senate Finance Committee, which approved it 13 to 7 Saturday, and debate will start either then or Wednesday. Five Democrats joined the eight Republican committee members in voting for the bill. Even such opponents as Committee Chairman George (D-Ga.) conceded likely passage of legislation embodying in some form the Ruml principle - probably late in the week. From that time on, it is considered anybody's guess as to what happens, since administration supporters in the House defeated a modified Ruml plan by a narrow margin. Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich.l, chief exponent of the measure in the Senate committee, said it was his best judgment the House would accept the measure now but others had different ideas and there was talk of a possible compromise. George told reporters that while he was in sympathy with the objective of getting all taxpayers on Continued on Page Four) Allied Prisoners Under go Hell Aboard Enemy Ship Before They Are Rescued Washington, May 10 —(/P)— Large numbers of American and British prisoners of war went through "three days and nights of Hell" aboard an Italian ship subjected to pounding Allied aerial allack off Ihe Tunisian coasl, but the casualties miraculously were not "enormous." The War Department, releasing a report from North Africa attesting to Ihe "great destructiveness and deadly accuracy" of Allied bombing, quoted a British Iciu- tenanl's story of the atlack on the prison ship which had left Tunis harbor for Italy with a destroyer escort. The destroyer, however, was sunk by Kilty bombers, and the crew refused to make the run to Sicily. "The Germans said thai the journey was simply impossible without a destroyer escort", the department's release quoted the unnamed British officer, "as the destroyer had been sunk they pul back into La Gouletle. Then we went through three days and nights of Hell. We were bombed and strafed more than half a dozen times by our own aircraft. The pilots had no way of knowing thai there were British and Amercian prisoners on board, though later we did try to put some identification signs on the deck but they did not see them. Bombs fell all around us and damaged the ship's plates. One bomb hit Ihe side and left us with a list. There was one direct hit but fortunately with only a small bomb and only superficial damage resulted. II was a miracle thai (he ship was not sunk. She would had she not run aground. "The Italians left after the first, bombing attack hut the Germans stuck it out at their guns almost to the end. Then they went ashore. The rest of us had lo suffer another night of bombing and some more next day. The air allack was terrible. 1 would not go through it again for a million pounds. We were all cramped into two holes with scarcely sufficient air to breathe, and for the last two days there was no water on the ship. There were no sanitary arrangements and we had little food. The thing was a nightmare. We thought the casualties must be enormous —by a miracle they were not." Arriving British troops found small boats bringing load after load of the prisoners ashore from the grounded, battle - scarred vessel, one of several wrecked by the relentlss aerial pounding. The War Department said thai except for the dock area. Tunis was practically undamaged by bombs. It added, however, that the docks at Tunis and at La Goulelte "are a shambles" and said the airdrome at El Aouina, outside Tunis, was strewn with the wreckage of at least 100 German aircraft, man large transports. Profit Margins on Some Foods Cut by OPA -Washington Washington, May 19 (/P). The OPA cut profit margins today on grocery store sales of cabbage, onions.... and some poultry, and also reduced prices of salt codfish. These were the latest steps in the avowed effort of OPA Cheif Prentiss M. Brow to bring down the cost of living, the major feature of which is a plan of subsidies designed to bring on June 'l a 10 per cent cut on the retail cost of beef, veal, lamb, mutton, coffee, and butter George Meany, secretary - trasurer of the American Federation of Labor, derided the subsid plan, reported to involve $300,000,000, as mere "peanuts" in comparison with olher federal expenditures. Declaring a 10 per cent reduction on "just a handful of items" is not enough, Mean called in a broadcast yesterday for a rollback of all food prices to the May, 1942 levels. Today marked the effective date of community - wide price ceilings made public over the week - end in 130 metropolitan areas. These lists constitute no change in the legal cost of groceries, by them selves — except in some exceptional cass — ' but the provide housewives with official information in checking on the legality of prices charged by stores. This week - too - OPA has announced plans to set new beef, veal, lamb and rhutton prices on a regional basis — temporary prices pending the subsidy plan- to fix new ceilings on soap, and to liet community canned goods prices. Today's action cut the profit margin on cabbages from 65 to 40 per cent for small stores, and from 54 to 40 per cent for chains and other large volume stores. Markups on onions were reduced from 50 to 40 per cent for small stores, raised from 39 to 40 per cent for intermediate stores, and left unchanged at 35 per cent for largest stores. Markups are percentages used by retailers in determining their prices from holesale cost. Thus if a retailer buys at wholesale something for a dollar, on which OPA permits a 40 per cent markup, the retailer thus calculates his legal maximum is $1.40. The amount of the markup supposedly takes care both of the retailers cost of handling and also profit. On frozen poultry, markups were cut from 25 to 21 per cent for small stores and from 25 to 20 per cent for large ones. Specific cents per pound prices tvere put on processed sales of salt codfish at levels which OPA estimated were as much as 7 cents per pound under existing prices. OPA also set lower prices for private sale of officers' and chief petty officers' ssmmer uniforms, reflecting lower costs arising from mass production volume. Escape Almost Impossible and 5O.OOO Taken House Move to Scuttle Strike Bill Washington, May 10 — yp) — A move to scuttle the Connally antistrike plant - seizure bill under the weight of far - reaching amendments restricting the war time activities of labor organizations was reported developing today in the House. Influential lawmakers, long regarded as friendly to the cause of labor groups, were mapping a quiet campaign to sit tight while the amendments are offered under the conviclio n Ihe Senate will reject Ihe measure if il is returned lo lhal chamber with draslic changes. The Senale approved the measure lasl week by an overwhelming majority. The outcome of the battle — one which has engrossed congressional attention ever since the shut - down of l.he coal mines — remained uncertain, bul there appeared every likelihood a labor bill would emerge eventually from the house. That view was reported by one of Ihe highest ranking administration spoksmen in the House, who declared "a war time labor bill banning normal labor privileges is certain of passage." Declining use of his name, he recalled lhal Ihe House, even before Pearl Harbor, had passed anti - strike legislation, only to see it die in the Senate. Meanwhile, there was labor legislation consideration on several fronts, with likelihood the propos(Continued on Page Three) Sub Carries War to Jap Homeland By The Associated Press The Tokyo radio reported today the war had been carried directly to the islands of Japan with the shelling of a village on the island of Hokkaido by a submarine. The Japanese broadcast said the shells from the submarine, presumably American, missed their mark and landed in a field just before midnight yesterday. In Burma Japanese jungle troops scored new successes. A broadcast, giving the text of an imperial headquarters commun- ique, said Japanese Army units had entered Buthedaung, 50 miles north of Akyab in Burma and 115 miles southeast of Chittagong, chief Allied base in the Indian border area. New Delhi dispatches, admitting the withdrawal from Buthedaung said Maungdaw, on the Bay of Bengal and the western end of the British defense line in Burma, also was in a precarious position and that the British battleline might ultimately be established on the India side of the border. The British had been forced back about 40 miles in five weeks. RAF and American planes continued to hammer the 'Japanese, however, attacking s a n p a n s, Steamers, bridges and railways. American four - engined bombers, making their second big raid from CChina in a few days, devastated Canton, biggest Japanese air base in China south of Formosa Saturday. Forty tons of bombs were dropped on Tien Ho air base and at least 13, perhaps 18, enemy planes were shot down in battle, dispatches reported. Medium bombers joined in the raid as they did on the previous heavy - bomber assault on Hainan island. The Tokyo radio, giving its version, said seven bombers took part and two were shot down. The Americans reported losing one medium bomber. Three battered Japanese destroyers emerged from an encounter with other American bombers near Gizo Island in the middle Solomons, the Navy reported yesterday. A 1,000-pound bomb hit on one of the destroyers and other half ton near hits on two others were claimed. In Gen. Douglas MacArthur's theater Allied planes attacked a dozen southwest Pacific centers, while the Japanese countered with an attack by a small formation of planes on Millimgimbi air base east of Darwin. Allied ground troops ambushed a Japanese patrol near Bobdubi, five miles southwest of Salamaua, and killed 20 of the enemy. Bobdub has been captured by the Allied forces. War Correspondent Is Slightly Injured Allied Headquarters, in North Africa, May 10 — (/P)— J. Wes. Gallagher, Associated Press war correspondent who covered the invasions of Denmark and Greece and landed with the AEF in North Africa six months ago, has been hospitalized because of minor injuries suffered when a jeep in which he was riding overturned. Gallagher, a native of San Francisco, was pinned beneath the vehicle Saturday when it overturned near newly-captured Bizerte. His back was injured and his head and hands were cut. His condition was described as not serious. Giraud, DeGaulle to Meet in North Africa London, May 10 (/P)— The Algiers radio, in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press, reported today that Gen. Henri Giraud had invited General Charles De- Gaulle to meet him either at Mar- rakesh or Riskra to discuss plans for unification of French forces now battling the Axis. Giraud previously had invited DeGaulle to meet him at some point outside Agliers, but no specific site had been mentioned heretofore, DeGualle himself has been insistent on a meeting in Algiers. -® —Africa By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Af- ica, May 10 —(/P)— Naval and air forces threw a blockade around Cap Bon peninsula and sank many small ships carrying Axis soldiers desperately attempting to escape the Tunisian inferno today. The American Second Corps obtained unconditional surrender of all enemy units in its territory southeast of Bizerte. German resistance stiffened in front of British armor smashing against the entrance to Cap Bon peninsula. The position of Axis troops stiE fighting in Tunisia was described offically as "worse than desperate" and it is certain that no important number of German and Italian soldiers will escape from Africa. , Details of the German surrender to'lhe Americans in the north were disclosed at hedquarters as follows: At 11 a.m. yesterday Major General Krause, commanding artillery of the Africa Corps, sent an emissary to Maj. Gen. Omar N. Bradley and requested an armistice, so the surrender might be negotiated. General Bradley's terms were as follows: 1—Unconditional • surrender. 2—prompt acceptance. The American officer further demanded that all destruction ot German equipment cease immediate- 1. Krause accepted. The wholesale surrender of;.the enemy-^baitalrtiBs-'tlren'-began^ana by early afternoon all the northern region where the enemy had been cut off by the wedge the British First Army drove through to Tunis was cleaned up. The bulk of the German armor was there and the total of prisoners was over 25,000, in addition" to another 25,000 taken by the British. Five other generals were among those who surrendered with Krause. They were Major General Boro- weitz, commander of the 15th Armored Division Major General Boroweitz, commander of the 15th Artillery Division; Lieutenant General Buelouvius, commander of the General Von Vaerst, commander of the Fifth Armored Army; arid Major General Baumsenge, commander of the Bizerte Air Forces. The surrendering Germans were concentrated in an area around the mouth of the Medjerda river, which flows into the Gulf of Tunis 25 rniles southeast of Bizerte. The British Seventh Armored Division, which had come up from the south to aid the Americans, caught Boroweitz, whose 15th Armored Division they had been fighting for two years. Meanwhile British armor striking south and southeastward from the Hammam Lif area on the Gulf of Tunis southeast of the capital found the Germans stiffening there, temporarily at least, and there was some fierce fighting which was confused today. Armored columns pushed ahead, however, and forward patrols reached a pojnt 12 miles south of Creteville — which placed them near the center of the Peninsula's base — and dployed in other areas. Some enemy troops on the Peninsula were attempting to get away, sometimes in what amounted to panic, and Allied air forces were attacking them both on land and sea. They sank many small boats laden with soldiers, who clung desperately to rafts after the vessels- submerged and tried to ward off attacks by waving white flags. Three Are Killed in Mine Explosion Paris, May 10 —(/P)— A blast explosion in the Super Fuel coal mine six miles west of here late Sunday killed three machinists. Tom Burmley of Brooklyn, Marvin Swain and Hilliard Dorrough, both of Branch, were the victims. They were alone in east wall of tlie mine at the time of the blast Ten men working the west wall escaped injury. Two other machinists, John Weeks, Paris, and Shorty Estep, Branch, who had been working with the three victims excaped by only a few minutes. They reported the mine fans suddenly stopped and gas began to accumulate. They wtnt to the mine entrance, nearly a mile away, to start the fans but the explosion occurred just as they

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