Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on March 11, 1945 · Page 22
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 22

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Cumberland, Maryland
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Sunday, March 11, 1945
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Page 22
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TWENTY-TWO SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD. SUNDAY, MARCH 11, 1945 a a t * c 1 t \ I Trend Of Public Sentiment^ In Favor Of Russian Found Larger Percentage Than Ever Feel Soviets Can lie Trusted to Cooperate With U. S. I l f « s t t 1 ^ c b c t s 11 'BY GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute ; of Public Opinion Princeton. N. J., March 10.—One important uKflrraaih of recent, war dcvcJopinonts and peace planning has l>een * marked increase in public confidence in Russia's post-war intentions. For more than a year before the Yalta conference,! Institute surveys had repeatedly •found thai while about one-half of the nation's vot- ~nt. otflt«« c »np Bra felt Russia could be trusted to cooperate .with us'aUer the war, the other half wcr« either skuptical of her Intentions or undecided about them. Mow a new survey, completed In laic February, indicates that the deadlock In opinion concerning the Soviets has apparently'been broken with : n notable upswing in friendliness toward Hussla as a, post-war ally. This increased confidence In Russia is found in a!] level of «b- olaty. :.•'•'.. ': • .' . " :: It is shown, on a natiom-wlde basis; in the replies to the follow' question: . ; : • "Do you think Russia can be trusted to : cooperate with us after the,war?" : ' The change that has taken place CAN RUSSIA BE TRUSTED TO COOPERATE WITH US' 55% DEC, TODAY 19+4, V The chart shows the trend of public sentiment In the U. S. towar as ». posl-war ally. Figures are based on Gallup Foil findings. Peaclier Salary Bill Introduced Measure to Be Effective if Slate Establishes New Schedule A bUT setting up Increased mlnl- rniirri salaries for Allegany county *achers has-been Introduced in the House of Delegates by the county delegation. . Trto Wil, If approved, will become iffective July 1 If the General Assembly also passes a stale-wide .alary bill pending at this tlnie For teachers without a degree th« new minimums range from $1,300 the first year to 42,200 for the fifteenth and each succeeding year For those with a degree the scale ranges.from 51,500 to 52,400. The scale for principals follows "Any such teacher having charge o{ a two-teache 1 elementary schoo shall receive $100 per school yeui more than the foregoing scheduli requires, A -principal of an ele mentary school with from two tc five assistants -shall receive $20C erschool year more than the fore- oing schedule requires; the prin- ipal of KB elementary school, with rom six .to nine ' assistants ehall ecelve |400 • per, school year more ban the foregoing schedule requires; tn« principal of a school with ten or more assistants shall ecelve t60Q per school year. more :han the foregoing schedule requires. • '•• '•The salary of a teacher or principal holding a provisional certificate shall be 1200 -less per school year than that required for a teacher or : principal holding a regular certificate for the same grade. Hopes Rest With U. S. Speaker Say Rotary Lecturer Sees Set tlemenl of Australia hy Americans After War Australia, New Zealand and othe smaller nations are looking to tlii United States to provide peace lend ershlp, Archibald Gilchrist, Aus tralian editor, and - lecturer, declare Friday night at the RoUry Club orum at Allegany High School. ;. The speaker predicted that many Americans •with' the pioneer' spirit will go to Australia to live *ft*r the war : and that the "Down Under" country will develop into a powtfful nation. . ... ,<-. , • ' • ••• :;;.;:= • Although Australia is approximately the size of the United States, t has a population of only 7,000,000 Deople,.and' many sections of the '.ar northern part are almost unin- lablted,- Gilcbrist said; pointing out that there Is plenty of room for settlers. ->'V -'."• .••• : -v V :•'•.-'-' ''Australia -is not ran open-shop country,"' Gilchrist said. ."One oufof every seven persons .In the country Is a union' member; because it' is almost impossible to get any job without 1>elonglng to a union. But we have-few strikes, thanks to federal and state labor boards, and working conditions and pay have both been greatly improved." •••<• .: • Preceding the lecture, • the a ca- pella choir of Fort Hill high schoo presented a short musical program under the direction of Miss Dorothj Sebree, with Stanford Zollner as soloist and Miss Pearl Gabrick as accompanist. ' • LaSalle-Graci Gets Silver Star Medal for gallantry In action at Metz, Stance, Pfo." Richard Lee Peddicoxd, 20, son of Mrs. Margaret K. Peddicord, 423 Louisiana avenue, has been BwaiJed th« Silver Star medal. Pfc. Peddicord, : a'.patient at Kichols General '.Hospital, Louis- viite, Ky., telephoned, the news to nis mother last Anight, explaining that he had received a letter from riis "' commanding officer .who said the medal is being forwarded to him. The local Infantryman, while serving with the 05th'.Division of Gen Patton's Third Army, 1 was:serlously wounded, both of his legs being riddled by machine' gun Fire. He also wears the Purple Heart, Oak Leaf cluster, Good Conduct medal and several. mtxrksmanshlp awards. A graduate of LaSalle High School, Pfc. Peddicord entered the service May 17, 1943, and was sent overseas early last summer. He arrived at' the Louisville hospital last Marriage: licenses 1 Henry David Cowans) Buffalo, K V., and Marie ' Westermter, Bam.' more, .!••••• .--, •.". ••„•' .. "•Walter Herman Brant and Betty Ma« Pryor, Cumberland. :/;•;„ x ; Theodo're John Wilson, Jeannette, Pa., and Gertrude May McOormlck| Homer City, Pa. •••--:•. . . Andrew Joseph McEhvee, Jr., and Mary Francis Kozlckl, Youngstovm, Ohio, •.-••••• • ••• •-.'•• •" '•'••' •' • :"- Harry William Hughes and-Betty Lou Tower, Cumberland. v*;••" • Horate Cedrie Beauch«min, Hartford, >Conn., and • Helen Gestlcis, Youngstpwn, Ohio. Benjamtri Catfufdi and Jean Henifer, Pittsburgh? Pa. •••;•• ,; ' •' Merl Storey, Jeanhette, Fir/and Laura Rebecca Crlsman, Baltimore. • William .Murray Weatherholt and {Catherine Isabell Mary .Preston, Cumberland. \ •James : : Joseph Cunningham, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and Ann Brozinsky, Donora,'Pa. " "- : - his mother, he will be a patient from two to six months mor« be- February 15. .where, he Informed!fore he is given a leave home. Your Federal Income Ttix : • No. SO REFUND OF TAXES Jf. for any reason,'you overpay your income tax. you are entitled to a refund. The tax laws provide for refunds and also for the pay- by interest is demonstrated in these recently results : Yes No Unrfcc. Mar., '.1943 ..39% 39To % : Nov., 19« ..47 27 26 July. !«•« ..47 38 17 Deo., 104 1 ..47 35 18 TODAY ...55 31 14 Although It might be assumed thm. confidence in Russia would at the race of 8 percent a year. : It Is .the policy of the Bureau of Internal Revenue to mafce such refunds as promptly as possible after a taxpayer's claim for refund has been verified.! ' Verification of the refund Involves the checking of related .documents and substantiating the accuracy of the 'claim..'. This necessarily results In some - deter. For instance, -last year approximately 18 million returns claiming refunds were filed by. taxpayers and, although they w«re paid al the rate of more than 1 million a month, not all of them could be pnld by the end ol the year. However, Interest was I from persons whose income was less th*n $500. ... : : . ! While the refunds resulting from j excessive withholding of tax from.; wages are, by far, the most numcr- j ous class of refund cuses, there are, two other kinds of cases. : . .;••• In some instances, no refund is Indicated on the return of a taxpayer at the time he files it, Later. bo greatest In tho lower economic}paid .in proportion to the Ume It levels which Include ; a large per-|took to pay each refund. cenlftge ot workers, actually this Is not the case. The survey shows that the greatest sympathy toward Ru.ssia Is found In the upper levels, particularly among people who have had a college : education, whereas people who have been no farther than grade school or have had no schooling at nil, tend to he the most suspicious : of the Soviets. The most common kind of a refund under: present law Is the instance where the tax withheld from a taxpayer's wages exceed the tax shown to be due on his final return for the year. The tax withheld from wages. Is intended solely as a convenient method of paying the Income tax. However, while the tnx withheld from your wages must be jwhen the return is audited by the Bureau of Internal Revenue, errors may be discovered which show that overpayment of tax has occurred. In these cases, the Bureau will send a "Certificate of Overnssessment" to the taxpayer, and .the refund orj credit will be made as promptly as | possible without any further action} on the taxpayer's part, except that) after the expiration of three years] from the time the return was filed.! or two years from the payment'of! the tax, the refund or credit cnnnoti be made unless a claim on Form i 843 has been filed before the . ex- Diratlon of such period. If a claim i becomes necessary, it is the policy j of the Bureau to give the taxpayer appropriate notice. : . ' Another class of refunds occurs when tnxpayers, themselves, dls-i after the returns' have been filed. In these cases, the taxpayer should flic with the collector of internal revenue a claim for refund or credit on In all levels, however, there hasl determinEd frmn pav day ^ Day day Form 843, stating facto and his rca- _. j ,_- In,!,. „_ . . ... . * r - . -J " .^ I _* ir ,- f.... XfiHavl.^.? tl-taf- Hfl 'hit r,v«r_ been an Increase In confidence compared to last year. The present divisions of sentiment, according to degree of schooling, are shown by the poli as follows: . Can Ru&sia Be Trusted? Yes N<5 XJndec. Those with : : College ' . :'••"' Training ..62% '30% 8% High School 1 Training Only ......60 39 11 • Oracle School ; Only or .• No School ...51 31 18 The abova figures represent an Increase of four percentage points in the favorable vote among college people, since mid-1944, an increase of 9 polnUi among those with high school training, and 10 points among thoae with grade school or no school. To R certain extent the Russian l^sue Is still a partisan issue, at least judging by how the Tank and Hie of .Democratic and Republican voters divide. Although a majority of both parties feel that the Soviets can be counted on to coopornte in the postwar world, the majorities are un .equal in proportion. Here Is how people who voted fo: Rooscvcit in the last election, and people who voted Jor Dewey, divide lr. their sentiments about whether Russia can be trusted: Roos. Voters 62% Dewcy Voters 51 No Undec. 25'ii 13% 38 :'I1 .Tax Evasion Law To Enforced .uring the year, your income tax anr.ct be determined exactly until ho end of the year. The result, in- vitably, Is that sometimes wtth- lolding is less than the income tax uid sometimes the withholding is nore than the Income tax. If the withholding is less than the ncome tax, you must pay the dlf- erence at the time you file your finale return. If the withholding is more than the income tax shown on your return, you are entitled to a refund. If you paid any Installments upon a declaration of estimated tax, ihoea payments are added to your withholding In deterrnln- ng whether you owe. more or arc entitled to a refund on your return. If you use your Withholding Receipt on Form W-2 (Rev.) as a re;urn, the collector will not only figure your tax but also determine whether or not you are entitled to a refund. If he finds you arc entitled to a refund, your return will be checked in the usual way and the refund will be mailed to you without any further action on your part. If you make your return on Form 1040 and show in item 9, page 1 that you have overpaid your income tax, you should check one of the boxes below Item 9 to show whether you want the overpayment refunded to you or credited on your 1945 estimated tax. Most taxpayers however, will not owe any 1945 estimated tax arid therefore should ask that their overpayments, if any be refunded to them rather than credited; If your income was less than $500 and tax was . withheld from your i-ages. you should also file a return in order to claim your refund Otherwise returns arc not required sons for believing that he has overpaid his tax. The claim will be associated with the return and forwarded to the internal revenue agent' in charge for determination of the correct amount of the tax liability and the amount of any overpayment. •... •-•''' . '• (End of Series) ' ; : Scarlet Fever Cases : Total 54 For Year Twelve cases of scarlet fever have been reported in Cumberland BO far| n March, bringing: the year's total' 54, as compared to 28 cases for j all of 1944. Ten jases were reported! his January and "*2 in February, j Dr. Winter R. Frantz, county < lealth officer, stressed precautionary measures .to be taken against the spread of the disease in a radio talk last evening. The health department vita! statistics report for February, released yesterday, recorded 76 deaths in Sumberlai.d, the largest number since December 1943 when 81 were listed. One hundred and thirty-four births were reported in the city last month. '•• •.. :'.':', • . JVoichere-Too-Frecfiient Day Is Holiday In Alaska Cordova, Alaska (<T")—Cordova is a firm believer In holidays. For Instance: '•• : "-.•;' Flag Day, Columbus Day, Alaska Day and the opening of deer season are just a few of the holidays celebrated here. But when topper came recently principal sent .all thei children home from school—because It was a nice day! Estimated 10,(K)0 Persons Failed to File 1944 • , .Slate Returiia ijjjjjjil ; ^s^iigpjp|! c C e r. L l Baltimore. Mnrch 10 (JP>..— The Maryland State Comptroller's office is planning:more stringent enforcement of -the state Income tax evasion-law this; year. . ' i 1 Deputy Chief Comptroller Joseph O'C. McCusker, estimating that approximately 10.000 persons failed to file their 1944 state income tas returns, said that the comptroller's sta/f had been Increased In order ;to remind tnxpayers who have evaded their state income taxes. He said officials were handicapped lost year by a shortage of office personnel in attempting to : enforce the law which provides for garn- Isheelng a delinquent taxpayer's salary. . , : - ••'..•' Since-then, he continued eight clerks have been added to the staff .: and in the lost three months liens . have been placed In the hands of employer! .of approximately. 1,000 delinquent taxpayers. I He outlined the procedure thus: i Before attaching the delinquent employe's wages, ft reminding letter Is written,::which in many cases suffices to obtain payment. Employers of those who fail to reply to the letter (ire written and the amount of tax due the stal« L* withheld from the employe's salary. He said that not all of tho 10.000 who failed to file 1B44 returns were delinquent, since many would bo found to he not taxable because of a change In (heir status. - . r? n *;•'/<••.-,-V*V r .•'••:-.'•' : •;•-.. ! CATALOG "Ve«r Zmlnnil To Erect Church tin a Memorial Your ONE-STOP Shopping Center Wellington, N. Z,— Decision . oJ New Zealand to erect an Interdenominational church in the Matokohe district cemetery .In memory of J. O. Coate* ha» been announced by Prime Minister Frn«r, The edifice will replace the existing church, now more thnn 60 yefcrs 'M. The memorial hrw brcn simply riMJsi.oeci nnd has 'i th« cliaractriri?- tlc* of tho Bnpllati v511nga church, the Prime' minister itatod. Yes. co purchiie practic.iUy ill the thing* you must have, look ro Se^rs! Scleci trom both our large recall stocks ind Irom our new <tnJ »peciil catalogs. ONE-STOP shopping *t Sfirs saves >im<r. money, rjfioned g^s and tires , Ami purchjscs totaling ten dollars or more may be made on eiiy terms. Strand touch-tea calatog matfriah in bandy nvatcb bookt. Frf I e.' PHONE 2432 iEAtt 179 BALTIMORE ST. CUMBERLAND, MD. THE RED CROSS IS ON THE JOB ••..-• '. . ^ - ... The Red Cross needs your dollars to keep the doughnut and coffee wagon* rolling to the front. To keep life-giving blood plasma flowing to the wounded. And for hundreds of other activities that no one els« can do for our boys when they need it most. They ask for so little to do to much let's all see that they get it! :, ' .' •' / • • » GIVE TO THE RED CROSS ... GIVE GENEROUSLY!' Since 1869 — Cumberland'* Trac/iffoncr! Qualify Sfor»

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