Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 8, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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r '^^" / T'TW™^ o. o Attention, Shoppers! - Hope Stores Will Cl Hope >se Every Wednesday Afternoon ot 1 o'Clock VOLUME 44—NUMBER 175 Star of Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Conbolidalcd January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Cooler this afternoon and tonight except little change in northwest portion this afternoon; local thundershowers in east and south portions today. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Allies Pursue Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN L. Brown Honored by the Junior Bar Prosecuting Attorney Lylo Brown of Hope was elccled vice-chairman of the Junior Bur ussociulion al Friday's session of Ihe Arkansas Bar association in Hot Springs. No '(Juts' About It MARTINS FERRY, O. —I/I 1 )— Police of nearby Yorvillc will get your gout if you don't watch out. Recently they announced any goals roaming at large in the village will be picked up and Iheir owners fined. An ancient, pagan faith that recognizes witches is still practiced in parts of France and Italy. Ihe African side of Ihe Mediterranean—and .the tide of bailie in World War No. 2 has finally turned in favor of the Unilod Nations. There were earlier moments when we mighl have said the tide had turned, as when the British beat off Ihc Luftwaffe's bombing raids and began carrying bombs lo Berlin instead, or when the Russians checked the eastward march of Ihc Germans and begun driving them back. Bull Ihis is a global war, and Ihc globe being measured in terms of continents we arc able to say today thiit the Udc of war has definitely turned because today for the first time the Allies command Ihc whole continent of Africa. Africa in itself is relatively unimportant If Ihc continent just captured from Ihe enemy had been., for instance, Asia or Europe, instead of Africa, this would have been Victory—nol merely the turn of the tide. But what our forces have done is mighty enough. They have cleared the south coast of the Mediterranean, to permit building Allied air bases which will not only launch bombing raids on Europe but will give air convoy to merchant ships, reopening the Mediterranean to sea traffic. This is the beginning of Die end for the Axis. The Mediterranean for Ihe first lime since England had been a sea power was closed lo merchant ships—and Ihe Mcdi- lerranean has now been reopened, making vulnerable the whole under side of Europe. The Tide of Batlle Turns Bizcrtc and Tunis Have Fallen The surrender of Bizerte and Tunis now being an accomplished fact all that remains for the Allied forces in North Africa is the customary "mopping up" operations. Q \y c h ;ivc c | C ;i rcc ] mc enemy from Russians Report Violent Battle At Novorossisk —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 11 —(/I 1 )— An ex- 'Ircmely volcnl battle was reported in progress today southwest of Nc- bredjaycvskaya, which is only nine miles from Novorossisk, as the Germans rushed up reserves, tanks, and motorized artillery in an al- lempl- lo hall Ihc Soviet advance toward the Black Sea port. In Ihe face of growing rcsisluncc, Red Army units, which turned southward after separating the Germans and the Rumanians north of Ihc Kuban river from those in Ihc sought, were driving hard lo follow up the force of their first thrusts in the direction of Novorossisk. (The German communique said that the Russians were repulsed in the Kuban in "violent hand lo hand fighting" and that 30 tanks were dcslroycd. Lively local fights were reported along the central Donets east of Kharkov;'south' of Orel; and west of Velikie Luki, where the Russians arc less than 90 miles from Latvia and near the borders ot White Russia. The Germans said they destroyed 99' Soviet planes at the cost of four.) There was no indication the city was surrounded but the Russians were on three sides and smashing hard on the arc. The Germans regrouped their sagging forces yesterday and threw several heavy tank - led counlcrul- tacks againsl Hie Red Army advance. , A major struggle developed for an important hill,southwest of Nc- bcrdjcvskuya, with the Germans scoring a temporary minor setback. Al this point Russian. .Slormoviks and divcbombcrs swooped in lo clump tons of explosives on the Axis infanlry and wheeled guns, throwing them into flight. A front dispatch said that prisoners captured in the Russian drive told Ihiil a whole platoon of the VlilJ German Infantry Dviision had been shot for abandoning their positions against orders, The Soviet Armies also captured .several strategic hills as they pushed towards the Black Sea northeast of Novorossisk. Pravda, the Communist party newspaper, reported thiil German righl wing rcsls in an easily-defended range of high moiinlains and that il will be clifficull lo dislodge. Bigger Prizes Spur Girl Gardeners l.aramie, Wyo. </l'i—The University of Wyoming's 1942 Victory garden context for coeds was so popular Ihe university this year decided to quadruple the awards. Instead of offering one scholarship as an award for the coed wilh the prize-winning garden, four .scholarships will be given to the four best gardeners. The awards were announced last year after the university offered a course in gardening and agriculture for coeds in an effort lo stimulate home food production. 2,600 Miners Still Idle Despite Order Pittsburgh, May (! —(/Pi— Fourteen hundred striking coal miners went back to work loday near California Pa., but !)00 men al another Pennsylvania mine quit, leaving more than 2,600 workers in three states still idle in Ihc face of President Roosevelt's indciation that he did not expect a strike since miners now are government employes. A spokesman for Ihc Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation said workers at, its Shannopin mine al Boblown, Pa., failed to report'for Ihc 7 a.m. shift. Employes of the Vesta No. 4 Mine al California — largcsl of four J. & L. Pils — returned to their jobs early today after a meeting lasl night with District 5 officials of Ihc United Mine Workers. John P. Busarcllo, Dstricl 5 president, declared he was "glad they're buck, I was worried sick about it." The Boblown mine is in Distrcil 4. Two of Ohio's largest mines slnil down loday as 1,200 miners refused ot. work because of what a union official said was a dispute arising from last week's general stoppage in the bituminous fields. Aclolph Pacfico, vice president of District (i, tinted Mine Workers of America, said GOO men al both the Willow Grove mine at Ncffs and Ihc rail and River Mine No. (i at McClainsvillc refused to inter the pits after operating companies fined the men $2 each for being off the job April 29 and 30. Employes of the Willow Grove mine, operated by the Hanna Coal Co., quit yeslcrday and last night, while the Rail und River No. 6 Diggers failed to report on today's shift Guy Mulleman, oulside foreman at the Powhutan Mine Company's works at Powhalan Point, Ohio, said a brief stoppage occurred on Ihp night shift, but Ihal a full complement reported for work loday. Two Hope Students Get Scholarships Two senior students of Hope High School have been awarded $105 scholarships to Ihe University of Arkansas. They arc Miss Bcllyc Irene James and Miss Almeria Cox. Quints Enthusiastic Over Ship Launching Callandor, Out., May I).— (/I'j — Busy modelling the snappily sllycil grey flannel suils in which limy will make their American debut at the launching of the "Quint Fleet" in Superior, Wis., next Sunday, Iho Dlonne quintuplets today .shrugged off the news that the ships they arc lo christen will not bear their names. "What docs that matter?" asked Yvonne. "We arc going there to christen Ihc ships so we can help win Ihe war — nol because they are lo be named for us." Emilie and Annclto agreed with their father, Olivia Dionnc, thai the naming of the freighters is a matter to be decided by United States officials arranging the historic event. Thai Ihcy have decided lo name the ships after five early U. S. Frigate captains has in no way dimmed the enthusiasm the quints have shown since first informed they were going to visit the United Stales. It's Just Kid Stuff Etowah, Tenn. (/P) — Neighbors of 74-year-old Sherman Pack thought the farmer was doing his bit for victory by planting a large crop. Bul shucks, his 108-yeur-uld fulher putters in u victory garden! Texas Justice Warns of Post War Condition Hot Springs May 11 —(/I')— Chief Justice James P. Alexander of the Texas Supreme Court warned today that when the United Stales experiences a post - war reaction "new ideas from foreign countries will be urged upon us as a panacea for our ills." "If we arc to preserve our judicial system which is the backbone of our Democratic form of government it will bo well for us to begin now to put our house in order so Dial we may be prepared to resist these foreign ideas and convince the public thai our's is the best system" Judge Alexander declared in tin address prepared for delivery before the Arkansas Bar Association's annual convention. Recognizing current public criticism of the judiciary the Texas jurist proposed: That legislatures supply suffi- cicnl funds to adequately man the judiciary and Ihc judges be convinced responsibility for making the system work rcsls with themselves. That full rule making power for trial of civil cases be conferred on the courts. That service of leading and reputable citizens on juries be encouraged by requiring voniromen to appear in court only when needed instead of having to sit through tedious preliminary legal proceedings in which they have no part. Thiil attorneys use every opportunity to expound in public "virtues of the judicial system." The association ended its convention after elevating Joe Barrett of Jone.sboro to the presidency. Barrett chairman of the Democratic stale committee succeeds II. Hartley Woollen of Hot Springs. Terrell Marshall Lillle Rock was named vice president. The Junior Bar Association elected J. II. Glenn Lillle Rock chairman to succeed Dennis K. Williams Texarkiina. Lylc Brown of Hope was named vice chairman and W. II. McMillen Arkuclciphia secretary. U.S. Operating From New Aleutian Base Washington, May !i —(/I 1 )-American planes operating from new advanced positions in the Aleutian Islands have stepped up their attacks on Japanese-held Alui Island, the Navy disclosed today, raiding it seven times Thursday. The same clay Army fighters al- lackcd Ihc Japanese base on Kiska Island which so far has been the most heavily bombed of the two bases, five times. Apparently the American force operated from the base on Amchil- ka Island, which is only 63 nautical miles from Kiska and 233 from Atlu. Existence of the Amchilka base was revealed by the Navy yesterday. Submerging Volcano Seen As Axis Haven London M'l—-Sir Harry Luke, Great Britain's high commissioner for the Western Pacific, has proposed to offer Axis leaders a refuge in the paradisical South Seas— bul there is a catch in it. "The ideal place of residence for them after the war," he said, "would be Falcon Island, in the Pacific, which is of volcanic type and sinks into Ihc sea for a period of years, and rises again." Food Costs Cut, U, S. Consider Subsidy Payment -Washington By The Associated Press Washington, Muy 8 —(/I')— A Iwb- billion-dollnr-n-ycfir rcdcriil prb- gram for subsidizing (he American cost of living was reported authoritatively today to be under consideration in high adminislratqn quarters. ' The report followed ycslcrdayfs official announcement thai meat, coffee and butter subsidies will bo swung in to support price ccijl- ings in the nation's stabilization fifihl on "June 1. j Those subsidies will cost approximately $400,000,000 a yc;ir, according to unofficial estimates. The $2,000.000,000 program reported under study was said to include plans for subsidizing canned fruits and vegetables, and a long list of other foods — but nothing except foods. The first program, announced by Price Administrator Prcstiss M. Brown, is aimed to force a 10 per cent cut June 1 in the retail cost of beef, veal, pork, lamb, mutton, coffee and butter. It will be financed by (he Reconstruction Finance Corporaion, through one of its subsidiaries, under what officials said was a specific authorl- z;ilio n contained in last October's price control act. Flat payments of a cent or more per pound will be moat packers, butter manufaclur'- crs, and coffee companies for their products, on condition that they cut their prices according to thp program. In adopting lliis plan, the government rejected a proposal to buy direct from pru- ducers and resell at a loss to -prdl cessors. Despite the "conditional" implication that the program might op- crate on an optional basis, the unofficial conscnus was that it would be compulsory throughout, with the penalties provided under the Price Control Act. Officials, however, declined to discuss this phase of Ihe plan immediately. With few details of the program yet available, Brown predicted reduction would trim 3 cents a pound off present prices of beef and veal, 4 cents a pound off pork, 4 to 5 cents a pound off butler, and about 'A cents a pound off coffee. No estimate was given on lamb and mutton. The administration has discussed the subsidy possibilities for more than a year, but with few exceptions, little has been done on them up to now — duo largely to congressional opposition. That opposition still showed today as sonic officials and legislators indicated they doubted whether the larger program in prospect, would be adopted without specific authority from Congress. Protho Says Travelers Are Among Best By PHIL CLARKE Allanla May 8 — (/Pi Dr. J. Thompson Prothro the dentist scanned Sunday's Southern Association baseball schedule and winced as if someone had just pulled his lower left molar. Memphis is slated to entertain the Little Rock Travelers in a doubleheader lomarrow (Sunday I and Prolhro Chick manager quite unashamedly is relieved that his tribe won't have to play the Iravs again until July 20. Weather liquidated scheduled doings last night between the two clubs and Doc claimed a moral triumph for his Chickasaws. Little Rock has captured six of the seven games played with Memphis and the River City sports writers rale Ihc Travelers on a par with the 1942 flag winners. Little Rock has the best pitching in the league say the Scribes, and point lo chunkers Ed Lopat, ancient Ed ("Bear Tracks") Grcer, and Al Moran as evidence. Lefthander Mornn bus twirled three straight wins... The Travelers know how to field the ball, too. The lop the loop in that department with a hand .979. Litlle Rock has held to second, slot in the standings, a game back of Birmingham, while the Chicks are cellar dwellcj-s. Prothro hopes his club will climb after the Travelers leave. Frog Traps Birds Bartlesviile, Okla. (/P) — W. V. Montgomery found a bull frog in his back yard and inside the bull frog apparently.captured Ihe birds when they flew to a backvurd fish for a drink. ing Axis Stand-In to Star -o Grade McDonald, Hollywood's most glamorous stunt girl, proves she's talented as well as decorative as she graduates from stand-in roles to star in "Flesh and Fantasy." Modified Ruml ..._..j^^,.^,, ...a ....._,..... ,., v .,,, Plan to Senate Next Week BY JACK BELL Washington, May 8 —f/Pj— With Ihc modified Ruml skip-year plan firmly entrenched behind a 13 lo 6 vote, the Senate Finance Committee hurried today to incorporate it in a new current collection tax bill in time fore presentation lo the Senale ncxl week. Senalor Clark (DMoi has instructions lo lay before the committee today a bill essentially simjlar lo the Ruml Carlson measure voted clown in the House, which would put all income taxpayers except those with windfall incomes on a "pay-as-you-go" basis and abate all of llicir 1042 tax liabilities. The committ.ee vole yesterday was a major victory for Iho Ruml plan, but there remained Ihe likelihood of opposition to il on the floor. Chairman George (D-Gai, Democratic Leader Bark ley of Kentucky, and Senators Connally ( D- Tcxl, By ret (OVai, Johnson (D- Colol anrl LaFolleltc (Prog-Wis) were aligned againsl Ihc plan. These vetera n members were ovcr- ridcn in Ihc committee, however, when five Democrats — Clark of Msisouri, Gen- of Rhode Island, Radcliffc of Maryland, Walsh of Massachusetts and Lucas of Illinois — joined with eiglit Republicans to support. Clark's motion. Walsh and Lucas insisted on provisions to prevent was contract, brokers and others with greatly increased incomes from profiling too much by the abatement of a year's laxcs. Clark lold reporter 1 ; he believed thiil. a provision of the Ruml-Carlson bill dividing taxpayers into two separate groups, those with inconu; blow $. r ),<)(>() and (hose above would have majority support. Under this provision, the liMli levies of lower bracket income taxpayers would l>c wiped out. For those above the $!»,000 level, cither HIP I!H2 or Ihe I'M.'i tax, .whichever is lower, would be eliminated. George said he would have favored skipping only 75 per pent of everyone's 104U tax, but Connally opposed any abatement at all. "I am utterly opposed lo any plan lo give away a year's taxes, to hand out about $8,000,000,000, when we need $16.000.000,000 more in new revenues," Connally declared. The committee measure would starl a 20 per cent withholding lax on wages and salaries July 1, to put persons in that category on a current basis. Payments already made this year would go down r.n the books as payments on the first half of 1943 taxes. Provision would be made f.>r other types of taxpayers to mrcM their 1943 liabilities currently on u quarterly basis, wtih special provisions for farmers and some others. Written records of dental disease and iiK'I'iddn ol' treatment have been found dating back to oTOQ B. C. U. S. Forces Set to Drive Japs From Aleutians -Washington By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, May 8 — (If)— American Forces in the North Pacific now arc in position to drive the Japanese out of the western Aleutian islands, authorities here believe, whenever the high command decides the time has come to strike. And while they wait, their presence on A m c h i I k a island breathes the constant threat of new air raids down Tokyo's neck. The Aleutian fight will be bloody, for the Japanese have worked with feverish haste to entrench themselves strongly on Kiska and Atlu islands ever since their invasion last June. But there is no'doubt in official quarters here that the job can and will be done when the lime — and it might be this month or nest — is right. A Navy announcement yeslclday of the establishment of an American base on Amchitka, only 63 nautical miles from Kiska, led to speculation that the blow might fall soon. In any case, the new base assures Japanese installations at Kiska of constant pounding by American warplanes. The base is now in full use and presumably strongly defended. Amercian troops moved in unopposed in mid - January. The Navy communique said the movement was kept secret until American positions were fully consolidated^ It also told of the establishment of a base on Adak island in the An- dreanofs,., 1.49 .nautical miles further cast from Kiska than Am- chitkn. Navy airforces with Navy support moved into the Andrcanofs last fall and Adak apparently was the base from which Kiska was bombed and strafed during the laic fall and winter. The advance into Amchitka made possible the delivery of 216 attacks from April 1 through May 5. Even wlih a base so close, officials considered il impossible to bomb the Japanese out of Kiska, and still felt that recapture of the island will require hand-to - hand combat. Meanwhile, there was speculation that Amchilka might be used for air raids on, Tokyo. It is the nearest point to Japan which American forces have thus far attained, but still too far away for more than extremely hazardous attacks. The distance is 1927 nautical miles, or 2210 statute miles. Only the nation's longcst/rangcd new planes could undertake such a mission with any appreciable margin of safely. .., The advance to Amchitka is the most recently disclosed to a scries all along the ai'ched Pacific battlefront:, including the occupation of the Ellice islands in hte South Central Pacific and the Russell islands, forward of Guadalcanal, in the Southwestern Pacific, Other advances may have been made but not yet revealed. And Hire is a, general feeling of certainty here that other and even more important ones arc in the offing. / Auto Accident Fatal to Army Officer Newport, Ark., May 8 — (If) — Lt. Herbert Yolle.s. 22, was killed and a companion, Lt. Leonard C. Gold. 22, seriously injured early today when their automobile crashed into a bridge abutment U miles north of Newport. State Patrolman John Moore said the two officers were both from New York City (street addresses not available! and apparently were returning lo Iheir station at Camp Barkley, Tex., after leave given them upon completion of officers' training school. Gold was taken lo the Station hospital at the nearby Newport Army Air School and Yollcs' body held here pending notification of relatives. IT'S A WOW FOR DOUBLE Suzi Brewster, New York stylist. models the "double - bandana' ufler-work turban she created for Women Ordnance Workers at the St. Louis Ordnance Plant. It is made of two inexpensive kerchiefs, | '11 inches square, in two colors. i One is red, with flaming bomb I insignia of the Army Ordnance Department, Ihe other is Ihe same, v.iih colors reversed. Bizerte, Tunis Fall; Prisoners, Booty Captured New U. S. Base Within 70 Miles of Kiska By WILLIAM L. WORDEN An Aleutian Army Base January 28 (Delayed) —(/P)— American troops on January 12 occupied Amchitka, an island of the RAT group in the Aleutians only 70 miles from Kiska, thereby threatening that Japanese - held base. Major General Simon Bolivar Buckner, commanding general of the Alaska defense command, announced today our seasoned Alaskan troops took the Japanese completely unawares in their swift ocurpalion of the island in face of adverse weather. Our troops moved with the precision of war college demonstration to affect the landing. Drenched with icy water, our men successfully completed 'the occupation under command of a general who, until his Alaska command, never had experienced that type of bitter weather. He is Brigadir General Lloyed E. Jones, Columbia, S. C. describing operation today at Buckner's headquarters, an,: .officer said the ... maneuver was perfectly executed. Ea.ch moved methodically into each phase of operation which was executed without a flaw. At the end of first day, after initial landing, our forces had moved in guns, ammunition and food and had complete control of situation. The morale of men was inspiring. Every man in the occupying fo«:c was caUcd upon for exiraor- dit^ry performance of duty because of the hazardous weather prevailing during the operation some were cited for individual accomplishments. The Army commander also praised participating naval personnel for extraordinary performance of duty under difficult conditions and added that Army and Navy forces were coordinated perfectly. Among those mentioned were LI. Paul J. Kovar of Missouri Valley, Iowa, and Private Buck Thomson. Kovar led a detachment under cover of darkness thrugh unfamiliar terrain to an outpost which was held without relief for twenty four hours. Thompson, a former Alaskan trapper now combat intelligence scout, was pitched into the icy surf with half 'dozen other soldiers about hundred yards off shore. He assisted his companions to beach, pulling some of them out of the water, and wrapped them in sleeping bags and stayed with them for several hours. All during the occupation operation, the island was shrouded in snow.riding before a Berings storm. Men,worked unceasingly for twenty - four hours to unload their supplies, dig in establish themselves and set up communication lines. The advantage of their Alaskan training was shown in the quickness with which they threw up their tents, installed stoves and moved in guns and supplies of fuel and ammunition. The main landing force was preceded by a unit of combat scouts led by U, Colonel William J. Ver- bpck This forco, hardened to rigors of Aleutian weather, went ashore in rubber boats to occupy strategic points. One of the places occupied'was a Russian Aleut village, one of the oldest in island Chain, which previously had been destroyed by our bombers. —Africa By The Associated Press Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 8 — : (/R —United States and British troops pressed hard today upon Axis remnants ; driven from their strongholds .at Bizerte and Tunis in a spectacular 36-hour offensive and French forces took over Pont Du Falls : and . high . ground to the east to roll up the end of the enemy's southern front. "Many prisoners arid much equipment had already been captured, but exact figures are hot yet known, 1 ' it was announced in a communique from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters. '"The advance continues." The surprisingly abrupt conquest of Tunis and Bizerte, achieved by a massing of overwhelmingly superior forces of men, tanks, guns and planes, came one day short of six months after the Allied landings in French North Africa. Allied land, air and naval forces are bent upon one thing — destruction of the last vestige of the Axis forces in Africa as a prelude to carrying the war across the Mediterranean and into Europe. The determination of the Americans, British and French, as expressed by Gen. Sir Harold Alexander, is to "drive the enemy into the sea." There is equal determination to prevent the enemy, once driven to the sea, from achieving 'Possum Shows Up Just When Needed KNOXVILLE, TENN. — (If)— Three-year-old Carolyn Parks liked to run away into the wood near her parents' suburban home. Her father. Floyd Parks, sought to discourage such so-journs by telling her an opossum would get her if she didn't stop her wanderings. Carolyn immediately demanded to see such an animal. To quell her pleadings her father took her on an imaginary hunt in the back yard. He poked in aji old slump where— A momma 'possum scowled with a brood of little ones. Carolyn t,lay& home now. v , f _._ With liaison severed between the survivors of Bizrte and Tunis garrisons and the southern front yielding before attacks of the British First Army and the 19th French Corps, the campaign was in its final bloody stage. Allied airmen who provided unprecedented aerial support f6r the ground offensive sank 14 small craft, set a destroyer aflame and damaged several other'vessels in the gulf gnd harbor of Tunis and sank three more vessels at the entrance to Tunis harbor at La Goii- lette, the communique said. This followed up widespread attacks Thursday in which, further reports disclosed, three .Axis destroyers were sunk and three others damaged arid 25 vessels were sunk in attacks on Sicilian ports. "Light and medium bombers, fighters and fighter bombers of the tactical air force kept up intense attacks on roads congested with enemy troops, destroying many vehicles and starting numerous fires," the communique said. "Enemy air fields near Tunis were attacked." The communique said that armored elements of the British First Army entered Tunis at. 2:50 p.m. yesterday after having advanced some 23-miles in 36 hours against stiff resistance, including many mine fields. ',ln the north, troops of the Sec- Continued on Page Four) .• » » Bradley Leads Americans in Bizerte Drive Allied Headquarters in North Africa. May 8 (If)— General Dwight D. Eisenhower disclosed today that Maj. Gen. Dinar N. Bradley commanded the victorious drive of the U. S. Second Corps into Bizerte, having taken over from Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., when the Americans were shifted to the north on April 17. Gen. Eisenhower at the same time expressed his "delight" over the fall of Tunis and Bizerte but asserted, that the fi.ght would go on "as long as there'was a single armed German on African soil." Bradley, regarded as one of the Army's best infantry commanders, took over the command from Pat- Ion when the Americans were transferred from the Makiiassy area to the rugged mountain region of the north. The reason for the change in command, it was explained., was that the new zone of operations assigned to the Americans made the northern drive essentially an infantry fight. Lieut. Gen. Patton is an armored fighting specialist and in the south the battle was chiefly by the use of armor. Eisenhower expressed the highest confidence in both generals. (There was nothing In this dispatch to indicate the present whereabouts of Lieut. Gen. Patton).

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