Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 7, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, May 7, 1943
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.5) Attention, Shoppers! - Hope Stores Will Close Every Wednesday Afternoon at 1 o'Clock .jsasaassarsta^ v"T The By/me of Dependability Hope VOLUME 44—NUMBER 174 Slar of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Showers and thunder storms today and tonight; little temperature change except cooler in the northwest and extreme north portions tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY 7, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n Allies Crack Defenses on Outskirts of Tunis, Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Sleep? Maybe You Don't Need It £'• William Feather of Imperial Type Metal magazine finds a new approach to almost every ancient question. If you can't sleep and the average writer offers you a cure for insomnia Mr. heather mokes light of the whole business. 'Espionage in Russia Charged Against Poles r — Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 7 (/}>>— Andrei J Vishinski, vice commissar for foi c'«n affairs, told American and i»3ritish newspapermen today tha rcprcscnlatvcs of the Polish gov eminent in - exile in London had engaged in espionage activities in Russia and declared some o those involved already had admit- ^cd their guilt and been sentenced Former Ambassador Stanislaw Kot. Vishinki asserted, had ;-,d milted being involved in these activities and had expressed his, regret. (Kot is now serving as Ministci ,W.i Information .with the-. Polls] government in London, a post to which he was appointed las March Wi. Some of the accused Poles, Vis- hinski said, had been brought tc ^rial, "exposed and deported from "lie Soviet Union" , while others were "sentenced to various terms of deprivation of librty." Among those deported he named General Volikovsky, chief of the ^Polish military mission, two first secretaries of the Polish embassy and other junior members of the embassy staff, .including Polish representatives at Vladivostok and Archangel. Embassy, staff members were among ttiose sentenced •£o be deprived of liberty, he said (Tlie statement did not make it clear whether these actually were held in Russia.) Vishinski assrtcd an "overwhelming majority" of those pros- ^•euted "pleaded guilty of their criminal activities and gave evidence elucidating in detail the essence and method of these activities." Asked why the Poles should be engaged in espionage in Russia — " nation with which they signed a mutual assistance and frcindship agreement on July 30, 1041— Vis- hinski replied: "Nobody spies out of chairty." The accusations against the Po( J,ish representatives were contained in a paper which Vishinski read to the correspondents and which lie said had been sent to the Polish government in London. |R. P. Bowen Speaks at Rotary Luncheon The operation of the Hope Safety Council in the prevention of accidents in local industrial plants v/as described to the Rotary club at its luncheon Friday noon in Hotel Barlow. The speaker was R. P. Bowcn, secretary of Hope Chamber of Commerce, introduced by H. O. Kylcr. •J Mr. Bowen, reading a paper originally prepared for the National Safety Council, said 98 per cent of all accidents are prevetable—and he went on to describe in detail the workings of safely syslL-m in indi- .yidual plants and whole communities. President Bill Wray read to the club an appeal from the Memphis Hospital for Crippled Adults, and announced that the local donation's would be determined at next week's luncheon. Son Born to Actress Rosalind Russell •; Hollywood, May 7— (A>)— An eight pound son was born today to screen actress Rosalind Russell. Her husband, Army Capt. Fred Brisson, flew here last night from his Hobbs Field, New Mexico, base. t Mother and son were reported doing nicely. "Earnest Elmo Calkins, noted writer and advertising man, who is in his early seventies, wrote me that the plcasantcst and most profitable part of his life is the time spent in bed. "Mr. Calkins' bedside is as carefully planned as his office or library. He has a reading Jam)), clock with luminous dial, books, paper and pen, cross-word pux./.le book, chess problems, and a small portable chessboard. If he weren't deaf, he'd also have an alarm clock and a radio. "Mr. Calkins says that insomnia has no terrors for him. When he can't sleep he turns on the light and puts his mind on something else. "1 am regularly shocked by the number of people, particularly women, who blithely confess that after fifteen minutes of wakefulness they take a sleeping pill. Not aspirin, but real knockout powders which, in some stales, seem to be soid as freely as cigarettes. "A good rule is not to fight wakc- ftilncss, but to encourage it. Why sleep, if you can be reading or listening to radio, writing-letters, or planning a weekend? If you don't sleep a wink one night, you'll make it up the next. I may be wrong bul I have a theory that most restless sleepers try for more than their bodies require. sleep GOP Would Halt 4th Term for President Washington, Ma & — (/P) — The Republican National Committee- was disclosed today to age started a new campaign against any move to venominato President Roo.scvi-lt for a fourth term. Supplementing Chairman Harrison E Sp.inglcr's anti - New Deal speeches in iho east and midwest, the committee has just sent out the first issue of a new clipshect called "on the ilonie Front." Us leading editorial is a olea to dispel any belief that 'there is but one amoiu us qualified to rule." The si-iaio page, four - column publication we.:.: addressed to .several thoi;:;a: a of the smaller newspapers, mostly weeklies. It will be ssued bi-weekly at first. Later it nay become a weekly. Officials at the Democratic Na- ional Committee said they had not seen the clipshect and were not irepared to comment on it. Charles Michelson, veteran pub- icil chief for the Democrats, used o put out a similar sheet for the New Deal called "Dispelling the Fog," but that was discontinued :cvcral ycars^ago. One Democratic party spokes- nan, however, observed that it night be difficult for his national committee to go in for this sort nf publicity now for fear it would )e interpreted as propaganda for a ourth term and national commil- ce organizations are supposed to be neutral as to presidential can- liates. Accompanying the new Republican clipsheet was a letter to editors Vom Spangler asking their "views, criticisms and comments" on the publication. "Our approach to this whole ob," the letter said, "is that we do not want to be distant press igents dumping useless material our desks, but that you are as much interested in the cause of 'ireaking the Roosevelt - Hopkins- ^rankfurter hold on the govern- nent as we are. "We are all Americans together vho dread the through! of perpetuating one man in the White House; and of seeing the continued mixing of politics with war ad- ninistration." The clipsheet's fourth - term edi- orial said that when President Roosevelt "submitted to the forced draft' in 1940, it was freely 'orecast that should he be elected, he would again be a candidate for a fourth term." Davis to Carry Letter From FDR to Stalin —Washington Washington, May 7 — (/]')— Pres ident Roosevelt said today Inn Joseph E. Davies would leave almost at once for Moscow to carry a personal letter from tnc prcsidcn to Joseph Stalin. The chief executive fended off al attempts of reporters at a press- conference to gain information 01 the contents or on wholhcr Uavics would bring back a reply. He said Davies, former ambassador ft Russia, docs not know himscl; what is in the letter. There have been conjectures thai the president might propose ; similar tto ath c has held wilhbml- similar to that he has held with Winston Churchill, British prime minister. Mr. Roosevelt told the reporters however, their guesses always hac been wrong in the past. Davies will not be gone very long and will come right back, Mr Roosevelt said. He said he as sumed his personal envoy would learn the contents of the documen in Moscow, discuss them, and then return. To an inquriy whether as to Davies would bring a reply, the chief executive asserted his qucs Honor was assuming the lettei called for a reply. "Will it?'' 1 he was asked. With a grin, he replied nobody had seen the letter, except himself and his personal secretary Miss Grace Tully. "Did you write it in English?' a reporter wanted to know. •No, Irish, the president reported. Two Rooscvclts Get U. S. Army Awards Washington, May 7 —(/P)—A son and a grandson of former President Theodore Roosevelt were listed among the nation's war heroes today, decorated by the Army for gallantry in action in North Africa. Brigadier General Theodore Roosvcll, son of the former president, received an Oak Leaf cluster in lieu of a second Silver Star His son, Capt. Quentin Roosevelt, was awarded a Silver Slar. The War Department also announced award of the Silver Slar to Lieut, Col. Charles P. Summerall, .son of Gen. Charles P. Summerall retired, the former chief of staff who now heads "The Citadel," military college at Charleston, S.C. All the awards were for heroism in North Africa. Labor Unions Ignore Meet of Labor Board Washington, May 7 — M'j — The War Labor Board — A key bulwark of President Roosevelt's hold- tne-linc order against inflation — was being propelled rapidly today toward a new stabilization crisis. Its three - man panel continued hearings in the coal wage dispute which threatened war production with last weekend's walkout, but the United Mine Workers who defied its jurisdiction made no pretense of seeking their representation or participation. And elsewhere the signs of storm multiplied. An American Federation of Labor spokesman said the board was "tottering on its last legs." Board members who sought to increase their power to handle wage disputes with the right to remove "inequaltiics" gloomily reported they got no encouragement from Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes in a' several - hour session yesterday. Without such power, some sources said regional — and perhaps national — labor members of the board soon might be forced to resign, due to union pressure. These sources pointed to brief walkouts reported in several sections of the country, terming them protests against denials of wage in crease requests or delays in WLB wage rulings. There was no sign that whal- Continvied on Page Four) Reds Split Nazi Forces; Dead Toll Is 10, By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 7 —M')— The Red Army, smashing forward in increasingly violent battles which have cost the Germans nearly 10,000 dead, has driven a wedge between the German and Rumanian forces operaling north and south of the Kuban river in the Caucasus and is lightening its net about Nov- orossisk, front line dispatches ro- porlcd today. Aided by srtong air forces, the Soviet troops cut one road after another in the Kuban valley, severing Axis supplies and avenues of escape. One dispatch said the Russians cut an important road and captured a height dominating the approaches to a large ctiy, the name of which was not given. Red Star, the army newspaper, said the Germans were pouring in more reserves, along with more units of tanks and planes. Immediately northeast of Novor- ossisk the tcrrian is extremely difficult, full of terraces and steep hills. The Germans, and their Rumanian satellites, are dug in deeply here, and arc fighting fiercely, it was said. German prisoners told their captors the German officers had orders to shoot every man who fell back. "Embittered defensive fighting" —Europe command to be continuing on the was reported by the German high eastern sector of the Kuban bridgehead. The Nazi communi- que, broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated .. Press, said tank supported Red Army forces were repulsed with heavy casualties. (Declaring J55 Russian planes were shot down yesterday, the bulletin said five German aircraft were lost. Two Soviet patrol boats were reported sunk and two damaged by German coastal batteries in the Leningrad channel.) A dispatch to Izvcstia, the government newspaper, said special groups had been organized to bury the Axis dead and that one of these groups buried about 2,000 soldiers yesterday. West of captured Drymskaya the Red Army managed to drive one part of a large Axis force to one side of the swamp and river and pursued another force down the opposite side of the river. The occupation of the villages of Sadovoy, Melkhovsjy and Blag- odarny, all north of krymskaya, divided still another large group of Germans and Rumanians, it was said. The Soviet troops pushed westward toward the Kerch Strait and the sea of Azov after capturing basic poinls and preventing the Germans from regrouping. Henderson to Interpret for Business Men Washington, May 7 (/I 1 )—The man who smokes a black cigar almost as big as the figurative club he wielded in initiating Americans to rationing and price ceilings has landed a private job — he will interpret these and other federal controls for business man. Leon Henderson, 210 pound, 47 year old former price administrator and New Deal economist, announced yesterday he had accopl- cd a post as chairman of the board of editors of the Research Institute of America, Inc., a private research and business reporting service with offices here and in New York. Henderson said he had been impressed with the merit of the institute's activity in "taking to busi- •it-ss me,, effective interpretations :>f governmental regulations." As it boils down, Hndcrson will low find himself "advising" busi- icss in a field in which he prcv- nisly had been largely "telling" business what to do. Almost his entire federal service was devoted to some form of regulation of priv- ilc activity. Before becoming the irst price boss, he served on the Securities and Exchange Commission which regulates stock transactions. He also served as an eco- lomic adviser to the old NRA and WPA. Henderson resigned from the 01A last December, explaining hat because of a back ailment and eye trouble he needed a rest. Al he time, many in Congress were urging that ho be fired on the ground he had bec n "too tough" in administering price and rationin" controls. Others within the admin- stration complained he had ap- jomted numerous Republicans to icld offices. The roly-poly administrator tayed on until Prentiss Brown took tyer his job in January, then went iff on a vacation to South America ind Mexico. Besides heading the research or- ianizalion's editorial board, Henderson said he would engage on the ide "in a limited amount of eco- wmic consultation with private -roups, radio, writing and lecturing clivities." »»•• Terrace tillage, similar to that f the Chinese was practiced by the ncient Incas of Peru. In one molecule of human blood igment there are N3,ti(j9 atoms. WMC Defers Work Week Extension Washington, Ma 7 (/P)—Extension of the 48-hour week to the entire country is being considered by the War Manpower Commission, but officials said today there were too many problems to permit a final decision soon. WMC officials ostimalcd a national 48 hour week would add the equivalent of one million workers to the labor force. Half that number would be freed for new jobs while their old work was taken over by their former fellow employes, working longer hours. But most business firms are bound by law or by labor agreements lo pay time and a half for all work in excess of 40 hours. Their employes' weeky wages would advance 30 per ccnl, while Ihe firm payrolls — considering that there would bo fewer employes — would go up about eight per cent. This, said the WMC, would bring new demands for price increases. The WMC has ordered the 48-hour week only for 39 areas which have labor shortages and for three industries on a nationwide basis: steel, lumbering and non-ferrous metals mining. The steel order was issued last Saturday, and already there have been rumblings from industry spokesmen that price ceiling increases would be asked to offset an estimated wage boost of $100.000,000 a year for 525,000 steel workers after the order lakes final effect July 1. Steel industry representatives, pointing out that coal price ceilings were lifted to cover added costs when most mines lengthened their work week from five to six days, opposed the labor-supported order us being "inflationary" and giving "a concealed wage increase." On the other hand, Economic Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes — whom the WMC officials said wasn't consulted on the steel order — declared the 48hour week is not inflationary because em- ployes have to work longer to get the extra pay. The WMC has long taken the official position that its iob wnt; to deal strictly with manpower ralhor than the economic aspects of the work week, and that employers who demand higher prices to meet higher payrolls must take that problem up witJi the OPA. But the WMC officials acknowledged a nationwide 48hour week- Continued on Page Four) Allies Capture Point 5 Miles From Salamaua —War in Pacific By The Associated pre ss Gen. Douglas MacArthur's Headquarters announced today Allied troops had captured the village of Bpbdubi, only five miles from the big Japanese base at Salamaua, New Guinea, while Allied planes roared 20 times over the nearby area pouring cannon and machine- gun fire into enemy troops. Tiie thrust; represented the closest penetration to Salamaua i n the campaign, but there was still no indication of a major Allied offensive to take the base. Previous sorties have been chiefly hit-and- run raids to demoralize the Japanese and probe for weak spots in the enemy's defense. Dispatches from Allied heod- quarlers said the coup threatened to cut the line to supply to Japanese forces entrenched at Mubo, 12 miles south of Salamaua Meanwhile, Gen. MacArthur disclosed Japanese submarines had sunk five Allied freighters in the waters cast of Australia, bu ta communique said the vital flow of Allied reinforcements and supplies to the Southwest Pacific "continues virtually undiminished." United Nations airmen stepped up operations after a spell of bad weather,, blasting the enemy base *t Manokwari, Dutch New Guinea, and destroying nine Japanese float- planes in the Aroe Islands farther south. A boat loaded with enemy troops was also sunk. In the Burma campaign. British headquarters reported an ominous Japanese thrust to the Maungdaw- Buthedaung road, noth of the enemy base at Akab, and said close fighting was in progress. This apparently meant the Japanese had reached the mam British defenses where Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell's forces had dug in to await the monsoon rains after falling back from the Mayu peninsula, Maungdaw near the Bay of Bengal coast and Buthedaung. 35 miles inland, both lie about 60 miles north of Akyab. "The enemy's efforts to probe our positions east of Mayu Ridge and infiltrate on to (he Maung- daw-Buthedaung road are now developing into a thrust with a view to reinforcing forward parties who have succeeded in reaching the road al one point a few miles west of Buthedaung," the British said. On the China front, Imperial Japanese headquarters asserted that 7,300 Chinese troops had been killed and 2,500 captured in a five-day offensive in Shansi a'-.d Honan provinces, where the Japa- nose are driving in the heart of China,s "Rice Bowl." izerte Axis Positions Collapsing on Northern Front FDR Expects No Strike of Miners Washington. May 7 — (/Pi—Presi- lent Roosevelt gave a clear indication to a press conference today that he expects no strike of coal nincrs against the government. "Are coal miners employes of ths government," a reporter asked him, "and, if so, can they strike against the government?" He said he would reply in the affirmative to the first part of the question, and on the second, here- marked thai he had been in the government a great many years and could not recollect any slrike by government employees against the government. He was asked, too, whether he planned for the government to continue operation of the mines it has taken over until "a new contract is signed and peace assured in the industry." He said he had heard nothing until today about stopping the running of the mines. FORMER SHERIFF DIES Nashville, May 7 «P) J. Kelsic Hutchinson, 70, sheriff from 1909 through 19ia, died expectedly last night at his home here. He was a member of one of Howard county's oldest and most prominent families. His father was confederate Col. A. S. Hulchinson. Commander of Sub Cited for Heroism By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, May 7 —(/P)— A submarine skipper whose last gallant order 'take her down," sealed his own death sentence, was credited by the Navy today with successful attacks on three Japanese ships, the last of which th e' sub rammed in a dramatic night fight for life. It was in this final action somewhere in the distant Pacific that the officer rode the conning tower of his submerging submarine to his death rather than expose the craft or crew to enemy gunfire. He had been wounded a few moments before and knew that the time required to get him safely, into the submarine might mean the sub's destruc- " tion;' r '' *•**.'•• *"*'«''."'• •'*•• •'-•- •"••••tr^-:zt> For this sacrifice, Commander Howard W. Gilmore, 40, of New Orleans, La., has been awarded posthumously the Congressional Medal of Honor by President Roosevelt, The story was told by the Navy today, partly in a com- munique and partly in an ac- companing account of the final fight. The communique, which also reported American air raids against Japanese positions in the Central Solomon Islands, listed the three last ships ..attacked successfully by the submarine under Gilmore's command as a medium cargo ship, sunk; a gunboat, damages'and probably sunk; a medium cargo ship, damaged. -® U. S. Has Base Only 63 Miles From Kiska Washington, Ma 7 (/P) United Slates forces have established an air base only 63 nautical miles from Japaneseheld Kiska island in the western Aleutians, the Navy announced today, on Amchitka island. —Africa Mathes to Enter Plea of Insanity in Trial Jonesboro, May. 7 —(/P)— Fred Mathes, former- Jonesboro com press manager, probably will enter a plea of temporary insanity when brought to trial May 31 for the shooting of James E. Parr, Compress president, Mathes' attorney, Wils Davis, announced. Mathes was found sane after an observation at the state hospital at Little Rock. "I don't think much of the hospital's observations, one way or the other," said Davis at his office in Memphis. He added that the temporary insanity plea was under consideration. Parr was slain in his office. Mathes said shortly after the killing that it resulted from unsuccessful efforts to patch up an old quarrel. Skilled Training Open to Negroes All negro youth between the ages of lt> and 24 who are interested in war production training in welding, foundry, sheet metal work, woodwork and machine shop should report to 914 Gaines street, Little Rock, or write Harvey V. McDaniel, Jr., youth personnel interviewer for negroes, for further information. The woodchuck is also called a groundhog or American marmot. By EDWARD B. KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 7 —(/P)— Allied troops have entered the outskirts of both Bizerte and Tunis, it was officially announced at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters today. Heavy fighting was reported in progress in both sectors as the U.S. Second Corps and toe British First Army capitalized on deep penetrations through collapsing enemy positions all along the Northern Tunisian front, "Our troops .have continued their victorious advance," a special com- munique said. Reconnaissance elements were said to have made the pentration of the Bizerte suburbs. Many more prisoners were taken, it was announced. Armored units of the British First Army captured Le Bardo, on the highway at the western edge of Tunis, the communique stated. Allied planes, completely dominating the sky, maintained heavy attacks upon. Axis transport' columns which clogged the roads of retreat. ' ,,,,-tA broadcast, by.Grajrta&rruNBG', reporter attached to i Allied headquarters, said 25 enemy ships had been "sunk in th Tunisian straits," this suggesting another powerful sweep against surface transports which might attempt to withdraw the Axis survivors. ("The spirit of the Gerrnan troops appears to have been broken," Parr said. (Capt. Ludwig Sertorius, Nazi military commentator, said in a Berlin broadcast recorded by Reuters that French native troops had penetrated the inner fortfications of Bizerte. This went even beyond the Allied account placing Allied detachments in the outskirts. (The NBC broadcast said American scouting parties made the penetration of the suburbs.) Ailed Headquarters In North Africa, May 7 (/P)— Deep penetrations through collapsing enemy positions all along the Northern Tunisian front swept the British First Army to with inless than 14 miles of the Tunis City Hall today and the Americans farther north smashed to within nine miles of Bizerte. (General Sir Harold Alexander, deputy commander in chief in charge of ground forces, declared in an order of the day that the last phase of this campaign was at hand and "we are gonig to drive the enmey into the sea," said an Algiers radio broadcast. (A German military spokesman said the "decision is approaching in Tunisia" with Axis troops outnumbered 10 lo one, according to a Transocean dispatch broadcast by the'Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press.) Both Tunis and Bizerte are now within range of Allied big guns. Bizerte'is almost cut off from the remainder of the enemy territory and the Germans are falling back from their last defenses in front of Tunis after the loss of Massicault, their strongest position in the plain of Tunis. The enemy was reported feverishly throwing up defenses in front of the capital of the French protectorate. Heavy losses were inflicted on the reterating of over wreckage littered train in some of the war's fiercest fighting. The offensive began at first light yesterday, raged through the day and as night fell both Americans and British were still advancing. An Allied communique said United States troops had captured four more important points in Northern Tunisia in the push upon Bizerte and captured more than 1.000 Axis prisoners in the last two days. • As air forces blasted a path four miles long and 1,000 yards wide with a terrific bomb barrage which covered practically every square yard, the British Army swept down the main road to Tunis from Med- jez-El-Bab, established itself on a Droad strip extending five miles north and five miles south of the Continued on Page

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