Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on March 11, 1945 · Page 6
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 6

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SIX SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD. SUNDAY, MARCH 11, ISio (Fimra Kvrrj Aftcinonn (ticspl Bundiyi ind Bold*; llofnlnj. CurnbrrUnd. Md. PublUhed by Thi Tlrati Ai AHcginUB i:omp*n>, tit 1 «D<S » )86uUi Uechinlc 3:reti Curacy. land. M.i. ^ • Er.terea <1 '.h« Fatloirio tL CuinWrUnc!. ltd. 11 Second Mcinb4r A'.id 11 8uie»i; of CireuUtloni Mcinber al Th« Asxacu*-cd PreM . ft* Aitnciat«d Prtu 1* • irluilvely. entitled to UJ« for -Mp'.iblJtiiion o( »ll new* iltapatetiM crtdltea 10 1C 01 eUirrvlx credited In ihlt p»p«r. »nd LJ» ih« loci) ntwi her* puMlj'Kd tharfln. '.-.. : - - - ' • TTtBFHONS—4800 Prlr»t« "branch ««h«njo ccnnteUn* . til depirlmtnu. ror Mail »nd Carrie: Ratm Bit Claulfud Pc.g«, ready to vindicate It from insult or aggres- »s|cn. This may even prevent the necessity of going to war by discouraging belligerent powers from committing' such violations of the rights of the neutral party as may, first or last, leave no other option." Had we had that firmly In mind Germany would not have intruded upon us In 1017. Had we kept it in mind after the first world war, there would have been no Pearl Harbor. . NEW WINE, OLD BOTTLB » Sunday Morning, March 11, 1945 Our Nation's Prayer < Oh God, from Whom proceed all-I holy desires, all right counsels and ; : , Just works, grant .unto us. Thy set- »•:'/!' vants, that peace which the world , ; ;' cannot give thai, our hearts may foe '; : V devoted to Thy service and thai, tie- ' .-• livercd irom the fear of our enemies u~e may pass oar time in peace under j Thy protection. : A NAVAL • ANNl'VERSAKV The war in which we are now engaged ha.s given the. American people a more .intimate* acquaintance wii.h : -the. United •.States' Navy than they have ever had before. Thai is because the. : Navy,' from the. day the Japanese made their: attack on Pearl Harbor down 'o the present, has been in the forefront of the fighting. ; It will bo recalled that naval participation in thr fir.st world war. was slight. Our b;h:le craft were engaged,for ihe most part in convoy service and took no part in great, naval engagements. The Navy did figure largely in the Spanish-America.::, war with Dr-wey rapturing Maniln and Samson. Schloy atsd others engaged at, Santiago, but it is only 'lie older sfnenuion that remembers what happened during (hut short- lived war of -17 years 1 ago, which today Heenu lifco child play when compnred-iw'llh those of hit.er yc-ars. In view of the tact that the United States Navy does stand so prominently in thr public eye at- present, : it l.s not amiss to cite the fact that cxacly 141 years ago today ConRress passed an act authorizing the building of six frigates, the first vessels of the United States Navy, President Washington signed this act on March 27, 1704. and the first officers, with Capt. John. Barry ais their senior, were''commissioned. In his eighth message to Congress President Washington said: "To secure respect to a neutral flag retiulres n naval force organized and ready to vindicate it. frym Insult or aggrrssion. This may even'pro veii! the necessity of goin.c U> wnr by dis- couragini;. belliRnrent powers from eom- mittin!; .such violations o! the rights of the neutrftl party.as may, first, or last, leavp no other option." But, someone is. sure lo protest, how ran it be that the United Slates Navy was not^ authorized until 1734 when John Paul. Jones and many others manned American' ships during the War for Independence? finch a protest is natural and results from a confusion of. terms. The United State.<> Navy is ono thing:, the Navy of the United States is another. It was (he latter that functioned during the Revolution and then ; . came a period when this country was entirely without a Navy. This condition lasted-until t.ha authorization of ihe first six frigates of the United States Navy in 1794. We know only the' United-States Navy, while the N'avy of the United Stales, or the Continental Navy, as it was somc- fime.s called, passed into oblivion- shortly after peace was.; made with Englancf and. tho American government began to function as an independent'power. • From the first, oiir navies have been born of necessity-." No chapter of our history is more iiitere.'itinf; than that which -deals with'.the'rise of the Continental Navy. The news''of the Battle; of LexinKton had scarcely penetrated to ;i!l sections of the colonies when a party of Maine woodsmen, armed parity with pitchforks and axes.' put to sea in n lumber sloop and captured an . firmed 'British schooner off Machias. Maine. Their loader, an Irishman named Jeremiah O'Brien, flttfti the slnop with thr.canon he had captured and put to.soji as, a prlvnteor. To his credit be it said that hr took several prizes". . Columns might be written about what the privateers accomplished .during the whole of the Revolutionary War a.<; well.as of the liUle fleet organized ?.nd a r mrd by Gen. Washington and commanded oy army offk-rr.s. which fook 35 pri7M. i John P.iiil Jones wa.s thp srnior lieutenant on thr first list of off ire rs commissioned by Congress find his exploits alone would fill several books, as indeed . thry have done already. Historians nnd fiction writers have, vind with each other in prrsrntinc; John Paul Jone. 1 ; in realistic mnnr;t),r and perhaps none has succeeded mwr aclmirnbly in this than did I he Amrri- can novelist. Winston Chiirrhill. in his Rroafc Maryland rorhnnce,."Richard C'Arvsl." John Paul Jones hns been called the father • fif Ihe American Navy, which Is not entirely true. The old N'avy—the Continental Navy —can trace j Its parenthood to Jeremiah O'Brien. If seniority in office counts for anything. Commixlore John'Barry was the father of the present United States Navy. John Paul Jones was only one of several officers commissioned by Congress for the old Navy which lit no way lessens the value of his accomplishments or : reduces the debt thiij country osvcs his memory. It was necessity again that stirred Congress to the point of fui'.horizinu those six frlRate.s- which were to comprise the .first United. States, Navy, for American commerce, which increased steadily after the Revolution, became the prey of the Barbary pirates nn'd by 1793, 13 American vessels had been captured and 119 Americans were held for ransom. And certainly It wa.s necessity which has given us the . splendid navy we have today. . For the first time, our marine fighting strength is greater than thru of Britain, and when this war Is over, it will behoove the United States to; keep Its Navy at the same'hicrh level. In fhis connection it is well (o read aB-nin'.Uial declaration mndn by-PrWi- rtcnt Washing ton in his eighth mesiiaRe to Connro.'vs: : "To sccurr rf-.;i:.rct, to n neutral flat? rpfiuires a naval force orpnnizedr :' ^ FAIR EXCHANGE .The average citizen,' devoting what little time he has left from ..war work vo 'thinking about his postwar plans. Is naturally Interested in the administration pledge for 80.000,000 jobs. But In that thinking there is one factor frequently lost sifiht.of. How are we going to keep up such employment? The obvious answer is exports', but, that's ju.st half of (he story. To export large .amounts of -manufactured goods, ',ye must have markets able to pay. And unless we ourselves are willing' to buy, and import the goods of other countries, they will not have money to pay. us fw'our .exports. To'sub-^dize exports in Border 4 o make jobs .would seem like'throwing away our -resources, and would ( .n the long run ;bring us. neither prosperity nor friendly relations abroad. There is apparently just one logical solution. That is, to. begin how laying the..groundwork with lower tariffs 'and removal of other ob-stacles to free trade. VVe ran then Import from other countries the articles which they can .make best, and : in return sell them those things which they need from us. "A fair exchange Is'no robbery " . :T\VO LEADERS. ••'::•• ; Of all present day rulers. Gen. De.Gaulle most . nearly (approaches the position of George Washington in being the founder of a state. ;;. France for all practical purposes expired in. !B40/and was revived by the patriotism and leadership.of De Gaulle.; He became the only, possible choice.to head; the restored state, jusl as Wa-shington w?»s the only possible choice to head the United States upon the adoption of the Constitution. . De Gaulle is now experiencing the attacks which .Washington went through- as 'president, v Wash.Uigi.on was called a tyrant and ridiculed as-"the step-father of his country." De Gaulle is finding now that popular gratitude does not outlast food shortage.*] and the blunders of subordinate 4 'officials. In Washington's ; case the criticisms were never made by more than a fraction of the community. France's well wishers will hope that this is true also of De Gaulle. . : ..STARVATION IN GERMANY ;The greatest-famine .in European history is in store for Germany, says the business commentator, John 'W. Love. The prolonged German" resistance means the tearing up of railroad tracks, the destruction of railroad yards, the burning of mills and elevators, and the break-up of the whole machinery of distribution. "Part of. this destruction will be'incidental to the Russian advance, part will be accomplished by the Germans themselves as part of their "scorched earth" policy. Add the lailure to tend and harvest crops, and the sum is .wholesale starvation.;. Even if Berlin. Ls not destroyed, if it cannot, get .or -transmit food, it will suffer. "The Germans will eat even if the rest of Europe has to go hungry." This shameless Nazi pronouncement will be remembered by the conquered, peoples, now coming into their own. It looks like a new example of reaping what has been sown. The Nazis sowed starvation. ''.•'The Germans are discovering too late that, In destroying their neighbors . they destroy . themselves, and '-what a man soweth. that shall" he-also reap," Jusl All Made Up -Ry IV. (',. ROGERS . . .'.'"Return , lo ihe Vineyard.'.' by .Mary : Loos arid Walter Dnrahty looks like a book ..written with thc : s!d of a wall chart nnd dozens of tabs. Take!-labs .-for-hero and heroine, siclp two. spaces and fight, skip brie and live, .sk'ip three and enter jealousy. skip !.o the bottom and all is well. Some 30 persons in the European vil- lage'of Vineyard survived World Wai II and, at the- start of the. iioye)!> hgve been herded together to return homei They defy Ref Ropat, a refugee repatriation board, quit Markctown .where they would have been regimented and .settle in a cave near Vineyard ./They set out to rehabilitate themselves; one of them i.s confident all Europe will be -inspired to hoist itself by it, 1 ; own bigots traps back to recovery if their experiment succeeds. You have 'here.'.you see. attacks on bureaucracy and regimentation, .criticism of ton much international planning, a de- ..feji.sc of, rucg.ed individualism 'and : the;hlnt that if we let Europe alone with her.'own postwar/ troubles, everything will come..oi.it for the best. . ' '.' . Biii there i* mofe thaii rehabilitation. .There l.s love, or more accurately, .sex. Men and women, boys and girls, the blind, crippled, ; ;aged and Infirm make love : nil over the place. It is described from the first s;a.«p to the hi.it pra.sp. .What's more, love'Is used two way-s in the. plot: first. It drives crazy people sa^ie and .second '.'•;•-. nnd perhaps the more usual order ... it rlrive-s sane people crazy. pnoirie.s rehabilitation and sex, there nre ext.raordlnary coincidences. The mast amazing-is ihe discovery of a family which retreated deep into the hills, let trees grow over the road nnd remained Isolated and untouched : by World War IT... . . a sort of •Sleeping Beauty : cpilocle. Besides rehabilitation, sex nnd cfrilricl- 'dence, there Js sentiment; a boy whose life is saved when he RPts a darling pink-bellied puppy: a prte.st who IOSM religion and ro- Knlns it; a German who proves that not nil Ocrn)an.« are evil,. ;! Finally, since ripfiilnR ever i:amc out so well, the enclinp is perfect. Thl.*: entire novel la made up. There Isn't R thlng'ln it thai'.f real, nor'a'thinj? thal'.i realized. New York Sunday Letter ' ' '' "•' '' Brave Music of a Distant Drum -By CHAKLKS B. ORISCOLL- • ''" There is one inspiring feature "about a first-class military funeral. The band'has been playing a dead march on the way to the cemetery, •; and taps have been sounded. Then .the military contingent faces away from the grave, and the band strikes up a gay and lively tune, while Ihe soldiers, in formation, march back to their duties. ;-•••'• •„ ' '• ' I have seen several military funerals carried out on a big scale, with whole regiments,. and more, marching in the procession, and several bands playing. Always, the heart quickens as the return march begins. I remember dimly something that James Whitcomb Riley wrote about how the plumes on the hearse drooped so»sadly, and the horses stepped so slowly and ceremoniou.v ly. on the way to the cemetery, and how the horses trotted gaily and the 1 plumes waved in the breeze, on, the way back. He tells "about ,how. he does] his Job, going "from one'saloon .(which some call night club) to another A, and getting typewritten . handbills \ . about the unimportant people pre- \ sent. But . . . yes, I have 'read ,V little farther. No, not recommended for home or Sunday School reading. -..•.. .-.-.• ••••-- - '.-••i-:-; But Earl Is still not only a nice fellow, and handsome, but rather a funny funny-man, too. Of course, it all symbolizes our faith that the one. who has gonfc is in a better land by far, and that we must now tuin, with what cheer we may find, to the duties of the day. • ...... But it is an inspiration to me to attend a funeral where there, is no mourning, before or after. Where the faith of the family and friends is such that they'say, "Well, he has gone to his reward; why should -we mourn?" ;;.. . ; -'Mrs. Alfred W. McCann, Sr., a neighbor of ours for many years, died recently, after three years of illness and many operations. : Her late husband was .the originator of the. food column in newspapers, spoke on the radio about food since the days of the crystal sel.s, and died one day immediately after finishing a broadcast. Her son. Alfred, Jr.. took his father's place on the air. and still broadcasts about, food and health dnily for the New York area and adjacent, territory. .;.....-• Mary Earle Gould, woodenwate collector, of Worcester, Mass., writes \ . me a thought. It is expressed in the one world, change. , . : ; If you have been putting on your sleft shoe firsl, why then, change, : and start putting on the right shoe first. Though I doubt that many ' of us have any idea which shoe.we put on first. . ••'"•. There is a legitimacy in the idea, none the less. .••-,-. i,.. My wife changes . the . furniture about, every few months, all'over the house. It looks all right to me the way it is. She says, "You don't have to live with it as much as I do. I would (jo crazy if I didn't change it about." -. ••' I always say, "Well, whatever . you like. But I doubt that it'll be any belter when you change It." Still, I do believe in changing . things. If I have been wearing blue ' : suits lor a long time, T want to ; change to grp.y. Or 1 would 1 be very : happy to change to red, if I could find a red suit this side of the ; Mexican border. : S NAP S HOTS ALO N G THE WAY -BY THE WAXDERER- Joseph Christian was his name. but around Indianapolis he was usually called "'Old Man Christian" or "Lincoln's Barber." He was well known throughout the downtown section of the Hoosier capiul and, although he never took a drink, he \vns a familiar Jiguie in -the taar rooms during pre-pro- liibillon " days. Cigar : stores, hotel lobbies — anypltvce where men gathered and especially where there was the. chance to sit down in a chnir and •rest and talk— were sure to pee Old Man Christian sometime during the day or e Jt was not for, nothing Uiat he had come by his title, "Lincoln's Barber." He had, in R sense, been just thai. At 'least he had shaved Abraham Lincoln. on many occasions ,-nnd he carried a razor, carefully en- '.shrined in a chamois case which, he * solemnly declared, he had always used when called upon to shave President Lincoln. This fact, together with some dates, he had had enrjraved upon the blade. . * • This razor was Old Man Christian's stock in trade. It was, to a large extent, his means of bread and butter. Like all sizable cities i and : especially stale capitals, Indianapolis was constantly filled with .strangers. In those days when the automobile was no', in common use. electric interurban railroads 'ran into Indianapolis Irom every direction., • '• . Those having business in the state capital would usually arrive sometime during the day and remain over night. In their leisure moments (.hey frequented 'the places 'that Joseph Christian haunted; That Is why he loafed around bar rooms without taking anything to drink nnd why the .lobbies of the Claypobl. English and Denhison hotels were runong his favorite Etnr.ipiiig grounds. Virtually everybody in Indianapolis knew the old man r.r.d would point him out to ^strangers. "That is Lincoln's. old barhci ." they \vould_. say, -"He ' carries', the .razor with" which he shaved Lincoln in the White House, durlns; the Civil War. He'll "be slad.. to show it, to you and to tell you,nbo\:t 1m experiences,; with Lincoln.". . -. Ten to one. old Man Christian would be called. He would be askcrt to show the' Lincoln razor which he brought forth with I lie reverence due a holy object. Carefully it wa.s unwrapped and placed in the hand of the 'Interested :'' stranger. Then wo-.ild follow a lecture about Lincoln. There was no fixed charge for this performance, but the old man had a nice way. of making it known that he expected a: little somrthinE. A dime, a quarter, or: more-^the offering.*) were accepted with a gracious dignity. Thus 'he gained a slim livelihood.: - - .' : • : • CLAIMS TO HAVE BEEN 1 LINCOLN'S COACIHMAN, TOO What puzzled many' residents of Indianapolis was that Old "Man ' Christian's daughter was onn of the '.• most prominent women in the city. Her husband was a ; man of means who occupied h position of distinction. She lived in a benuiiful home in one of the best suburbs. Likewise, she was a leader In women's citib work a*l' ifiarchcd in' the front ranks of all forward move- •mem.*i.. ' -- . „ : ' ; Reports wrre many nnrt confllct- ,lni!. Some said that Ihls woman .was ashiiincd of. her father because he could neither read nor. write and was .Inching In ' thnt culture which she hnd acquired. She would not, rj;mor had it, 'admit him;:to her home, and In the coldness of her hear! compelled him in his old nc;r to pitk up hlf .scant living:; BS best he could. This was denied by many. A fillnl welcome awaited thn old man in his dauuhter's home anytime he en red to go there. Countless efforts hud born marie by the. daughter and her "husband, to induce. him to coin* and live -with (hem and to enjoy the comfort? they were well able lo provide. But he was an Independent .•spirit. Ho la-U.stcd on living on his own and he loved to stand In the . llmt. light ns "Lincoln's Berber." He wns. !t was sr.!rf, a bit touched in the head. The razor n-!th- which he hnd shaved Lincoln wan a fetish with him, he wa« not satisfied linlew bn.ikinc in the 'glory with which hU*«, fancy endowed film .nii thr mnn "who.hBd shaved. Abraham Lincoln He this us It. may. Old Man ChrlSr tfan w.ns Rtlll making his wnv nrdund Indianapolis when Ihe Uniled Slates entered the first world war and The Wanderer led Ihe Hoosier melrop- olis to lake his part in that conflict. How long he continued to make his rounds and display his' razor The Wundf^rer has no. way of knowing. He must have been dead for years now. for in 1917 he \vas well up in the p seventies and hLs health • was none too good. . .... • , Although Old Man Christian laid particular stress upon the fact that, as he put it. he had been "Lincoln's bnrber"; there were times when he would let his fancy stray and he would assume other honors to which, investigation 'proved, he was not entitled. Sometimes he snid he had also been Lincoln's coachman and that he not only drove the carriage in which Lincoln rode to his retreat at the Soldiers' Home on the occasion when Confederates attempted lo kidnap him, but that he was likewise on the box of the coach which took the President and his wife to , Ford's Theater on the night of his assassination. • . • . ; JOINS REGULAR AS BUGLE BOV The Wanderer took the paias to , .trace this .story in view of the fact that'all the printed reports had given the name ol John Burke as Lincoln's regular coachman and that it. was Burke who drove tlie coach on that fateful Good Friday night. However, records kept by the steward of the White House revealed that Joseph Christian had been on the White House payroll as a stable man and assistant house man, although at the. same time ho was a ; ; soldier in the United Slates Army and served with a cavalry detachment oil duty as the President's bodyguard:: . . • : -. AccoidinK to Chrisflan. he was born in Paris. Frrnic<?. His mother, ,hc claimed, was a brilliant pianist. He was not of French extraction, he , said, but Danish, and that he wa.s born in Paris was due to the fact that his father was an attache'of the Danish embassy* nnd that bis . mother was a .student at the Paris Conservatory. .•'After the death of his father, which occurred when Joseph was still- an infant, his mother came to the United Scales, but died shortl*' after her arrival In this country. Joseph Christian, as an orphan, was sent.to Illinois where'he wa.s taken by a family th-at did not treat him well and made no provision for his education. Thus he explained why it was he could neither read nor . write. .; '•' '..; f '. ... .«'..',. "I hnd inherited something of my mother's talent for music." he told The Wanderer, I'anri when less than JO years old I could blow a horn." It • was this talent that was . to take.;-Joseph Christian into the army. He ran away from the family with which he had made his home ' arid joined a U. S. .Cavalry ^pgiment which was being sent to the plains of Nebraska.:where Indian uprisings were frequent. He was far too young nt the time to enlist regularly as a .trooper.!'-but was • taken on as a trumpeter. _ : : :; :'. : . He served.in this capacity until he was .old enough for regular enlistment 'nnd -was still serving with the nrmy when the Civil War broke out. He become a Union soldier and Was ' with an. outfit that formed a part of the Army of the Potomac. Durini? most, of the war, he said, he wa.s on Riinrd rlnty nt the White House. i REFUSES TO PROFANE TUB I.r.NTOLN RAZOR ••President Lincoln frequently visited the stables," Christian used to sny wlicn cxplalnine how he happened to become the President's bar her. "He wnn a friendly man and always stopped to talk with Ihe soldiers on diity thcro. Orve day he watched me swr I rubbed down the curriacc horses, He was talking In his eusy way and nsked me whnt state I came from. "Like, yourself, Mr. President," 1 replied; "I am from Ililnois, I told him the. name of the town and as he seemed Interested I went on to tell him how I hnd been Untreated nn a'IIUIc boy and ran away and Joined a cavalry regiment and hnd served with the regular army from then on until the war bensn." ; Evidently this conversation served lo cMnblixh n bond between Abrft- •' ham Lincoln and tiie private Eoldicr in the 'White House stables. The President was always interested in . those who came from his own state. That is no doubt why, when .a little : later a soldier was to be assigned to certain non-military duties within the White House, Joseph Christian was named for this post. "One Sunday morning." Christian said, "the President was fussing around preparing lo shave. His regular barber never came on Sundays and the president did not like to shave himself. At that time he has not wearing a beard. . "' Mr. President.' I said, "if you' . would let me shave you I am-sure I could do a good job. When my ; regiment was garrisoned out west ; I always served as troop barber.' 'The President gladly agreed and I went out to the stable and got my : favorite razor. I gave the President :'. a fine shave and from then on. he called on me to perform this task whenever the regular barber 'didn't ShOW Up.". : . .: Thus, Joseph Christian always led up to the exhibition of the old razor which he carried with him. At one time a man who was a stranger in Indianapolis, offered Christian £5 if he would permit him to shave with that same razor. But the old man would not siand for profanation of that sort. Five dollars would haver meant a lot to him, but he would not allow the razor which had shaved the face of Lincoln to touch the face of another man. : If he was in the mood and the tip given him had been fairly generous, Joseph Christian would tell : many interesting things about his life within the White House. He idolized the President, but he had ' no use whatever for Mrs. Lincoln. He always maintained she was in. : sane and should have been put in 'an asylum.- which is exactly the same theory advanced by Charles Driscoll last month when writing his .column for Lincoln's birthday. CHEATED OF CREDIT CHRISTIAN ALWAYS HELD . . "How the President ever carried.' the burdens of his offictf during the . Civil War period with all he had to contend with in the intimncy of his own family, is a mystery.'' Old Mnn Christian told The Wanderer more than once. "He was a man of great patience and would overlook things most men would not. Besides, he knew what all the rest of us around the \Vhite . House knew, that Mrs. Lincoln was not mentally respon- . sible." ; : - ... .", ••• ;.."•' According .10 Christian the President spent his happiest hours when he found ii possible to go to the "Little White House" which stood on ihe grounds of the Soldiers' Home. Sometimes ! he would go Mr-re for the weekend and sometimes only to spend the night. "Frequently,", said Christian, "the, ' President, would make preparations ' for going'out to the Soldiers' Home, , and thn carriage would be ordered for that purpose, when news would:; come, that would make it Impossible '! for him to get away from the White House. He never spared himself and the officers v,-ho were on his staff used to say that he would go right to the battlefields if they would let him/ 1 .... .-:. :. . .-" Il Is not improbable that on occasion Joseph Chrir'.ian did drive President Lincoln's carriage. He was a groom and there must have been .times when somebody had to substitute for John Burke, the regular conchman. But there Is nothing to indicate that: the groom-barber drove the carriage on the night of the great trasedy. In fact, there Is every evidence against it. . .Joseph. Christian did not tell this story often and when he did, it Is likely that he just let imr~lnation run nway with him. He said that Burke couldn't drive that night and that he. .substituted for him. However, the newspapers all gave Burke the credit for they knew hts name, while that of Christian was unknown 'to them. "Burke outranked -me." the old man would declare, "and he had the newspaper-* with him. Besides, it didn't mean anything to mo then nnd T never disputed his claim, But it was myself and not Burke who drove thnt night nnd the Inst time I *«w President Lincoln alive was when he got out. of the carriage in front of the theater and went Into .the lobby." We paid our re.spects at the home, across the tennis court from us. There was no sign of weeping or gnashing of teeth. Mother McCann had been mercifully relieved of a terrible suffering, and had gone to receive the reward of a good and virtuous life. She couldn't possibly have wished lo live longer, and certainly those who loved her would not have wished to prolong her suffering. ' T call that good sense, and good Christian doctrine, too. '; Handsome Earl Wil*son is one. of the best and most conscientious of the pub-crawl columnists of New York. He recently published a book, "I Am Gazing Into My 8-Ball." I've had time lo read only a paragraph here and there. I see that he calls himself the saloon reporter for his paper, which Is a forthright way of describing his job. ' •• . . . : But Miss for Mrs. — so many women never indicate by which title you are to call them) Gould embarrasses me in a peculiar way with this paragraph in her letter: '. "As I read your column every day, and I do not want to miss any day, I am more and more impressed with the fact that your mission in life is not unlike that of a minister, pastor or priest. You need not wear any gown or insignia, but you seem to have been given a power equally as wonderful—that of helping the world with typewritten, words. You profess , nothing, neither do you set a goaf for yourself, but your simple, daily thoughts shine out in a hundred different ways, each one interpreted by each reader. How little one realize the power he has and how few USE the possibilities with which they are blessed!" - '-.-:• • \\ Such expressions do place a responsibility upon a writer. They are helpful if they force the writer to reali?,e that he should be careful'about what he writes: They may be hurtful if they make the writer too self-conscious, or too careful about what he writes. Anyway, thanks to the good lady of Worcester, and to the countless others who have written in the same vein. ..."." RelP»scd by McNalisht Syndicate Inc. Voteless'D. C. Sparks Reform Mo ye By JACK S'/INNETT _ WASHINGTON—If there's any . truth in the talk arouVid Capitol Hill, the voteless District of Columbia Is closer lo getting a vote and '.some sort of representation in Congress than at any time since the oldest inhabitants got their first •• mustache cups. . . . • • The reason is' the Sumners- Capper proposed constitutional amendment. Since you and you will have to vote on it or at least make it clear to your state legislators how you feel about it, it's just as well that it be understood now. It's hard to see how Congress can' refuse to pass the Surriners-Capper bill. .-. ... . It is merely an enabling act. It doesn't give the citizens of the District a right to vote or any representation whatever. . -, , It merely specifics that, when and if three-fourths of the states adopt it as an amendment, then Congress shall determine the extent of the franchise and representation in Congress. There l.s no thought whatever. that this will mean the District's city government will be turned over to the people who live here. • ' .There's also little argument in Congress, as far as I can find, that the District should have more than a non-voting delegntf in the House, as Hawaii, Alaska, - the Philippines and Puerto Rico are now represented. •'"•''': Bui those are matters which would be left up to Congress, if the Stunners-Capper - act should become a part of the Constitution. It's hard to sec either why the voters of the nation would refuse to place in Congress, where it belongs, this responsibility for giving residents of the national capital some sort of say-so about how they are governed, and equal rights with the rest of the nation In voting fon President and vice president. . The difficulty that the proposed amendment probably will have, say its backers, is in lack of interest. Why 'that 'should be is difficult to understand. Washington, D. C., belongs to the nation. Chairman Hatton Sumner.s CD.-Tex.) 'of the House Judiciary committee, coauthor of the bill, calls the District "the workshop' of the Government." He nnd a great many others contend that as • such the government of the District, must remain in the •hnnds of the representatives- of the nation as a whole. . . • : . But they see no reason for a million persons, many of them with a far greater knowledge of national government than voters in the states, to be deprived of their constitutional rights lo a vote. • As Congressman Emamiel Celler (D.-N.Y.) puts it, "nil over the country, thn Declaration of -Independence applies, except, in Washington." "collegiate veterans would be doubled, tripled or more if it weren't for the high wages paid in war plants. Many youngsters, they say, are just postponing completion of'their education. : : • .-:..- After'World War I. colleges and universities experienced their greatest periods of expansion and prosperity. The educational grants under the GI «Bill of Rights are more liberal than they were then: Official and private polls indicate that there wil! be millions of young men and women returning from this war who will want to complete 'their educations, and in many cases the government will be paying tuition, book fees, etc. : Speaking of Educators: The professional fraternity seems split wide open on peacetime military service. Some oPlHe .most vigorous objections to compulsory military education after the war have come from educators. On the other -hand, the White House • has received a. petition addressed to the'President urging action now. while the iron Is hot, to make compulsory military training a part of the American way of life. : : • ' ' Among others, the petition was signed by the presidents or high officials of such well .known halls of learning as Yale, Northwestern, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Pennsylvania, Rutgers, Dartmouth, Georgia Tech, Pittsburgh and. Cooper Union. Casual Glances: A number of lending- educators came out with the complaint that many colleges will be bankrupt unless the government helps them out In thd few years ahead. The very fiamc day the Veterans Administration issued a report thnt there non- are : nearly 13,000 men attending .school under the GI Bill of Rights and that approximately 10,000 of these are in colleges and univer- .sltle.s. The rest are in trade schools, junior colleges and high schools. It's, true that this Is a poor figure compared to the number of young men and women who have been taken out of higher education hy HIT wfir. but Washington officially Lstrt "viewing with alarm." VA officials think the number of The building trades are going to be in luck when this war is over, especially in England and Continental countries that have been subjected to heavy bombardment. Some British observers say that about tone-third of the buildings there are destroyed, and the process is still going on. ; . :: ; . ' —— O -^ : '-••';..•' : : : It is rather interesting information that a- New York, "hair designer and creator" gives to a con- .cention of cosmetologists! 1 Yes, we said cosmetologists, There's nothing necessarily cosmic about them, but they're the people who do the hairdos, if you get what we mean. The . information referred to above Is •• thnt *he girls are going, or about ". to go, feminine again. . : ; The book business is boomil in Denmark. Yet the best the de\~;rs can expect is to get Iheir money buck, and they risk prison sentences or de'ath.' All such business ••. Is underground. In this country of less than 4,000,000 people, more than a 'million books were published secretly In 1944. This word 'comes from the Danish Press Service In Stockholm. Editions of 20,000 copies are common. : Few wc-uld guess what disease has nffeqlecl more soldiers today than • any other. II is jaundice, a yellow condition of the skin and eyes that Is rather a sign of something wrong than a disease Itself. In Italy there have been more casualties from Jauudice than losses by death and wounds, nnd men have been kept .away from duty two, or thre* months. So serious WM the situation that a jaundice commisslo-i was set up In July, 1943, to study the malady,.headed by Col. Marlon H. Parker of NoHhwestern University Medical School, Chicago,

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