Covina Argus from Covina, California on July 17, 1909 · Page 8
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Covina Argus from Covina, California · Page 8

Covina, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, July 17, 1909
Page 8
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Petrollthic Macadem. Now that the trustees of the city decided upon the systematic paving of the city streets, and also, in their Judgment, the best method of construction, a brief review of what, has been accomplished with Pet.roli- thlc macadem will be timely. For many years the form of road construction that resulted from the practices introduced into JOngland by John McAhnrn, about the yc;ar 18!<J, since popularly called the macadam process, has been the only form of road building practicable for country highways and such city streets as HiiHtalned n moderate traffic or do- niamkid a pavement at. moderate cost. It is a matter of considerable local pride that. Houthern California has produced a. genius whose discoveries seemed destined to revolutlonlxe the methods of road construction for the present century, just as those of Me- Adam did for the last, century. About the vear 1000 .lohn Kit/.ger- ald of Hnkersflold Invented a method of asphaltic oil road building and a rolling tamper which seems destined to make his name find that of which the process has become known, namely, t.h'i I'et.rolithlc 7>rocesR, not only historical, but colloquial words. It is universally admitted that the old macadam road, which was Ideal for rapidly moving horse vehicles, lias sadly failed for automobiles. Stone dust and water bound and held the macadam road together, but. the low- hung, rapidly moving body of the automobile sweeps away all dust, and grinds off no additional material; hence, the cause of the world-wide search now being made to discover a way to preserve the thousands of miles of macadam roads from destruction. Frruice, tlif country which has long excelled in perfect roads, appalled at the ravages which wore wiping out annually untold millions of dollars Invested in her highways, recently Invited all the countries of the world to meet In convention at Paris to discuss tills new condition. The delegates from the United States who attended this convention are unanimous that the Kuropeans showed thorn nothing new, and that the modification demanded of the macadam process by modern traffic, was not definitely pointed out. The experiments of using oil In road construction carried out In Southern California during the last fifteen years are the best and most valuable contribution to tho science of road building made anywhere In the world in recent years, Inasmuch as It Is being generally conceded by eminent engineers and road builders of tho IJnlto'l States that sulllclenl evidence has now accumulated to clearly Indicate that the relief Is tho California practice'. The remedy is simple and effective—it. consists in giving the road of .lohn Mc.Adam first, u better foundation, and second, of binding and compacting his road with heavy asphalt ie oil, Into a dusUoss pavement. To McAdam belongs the broken atone part, of the road, and to tho Pot- rolllhic process belongs tho foundation and binding properties. Tho utilization of those discoveries and methods of road building Is contributing in a largo degree to the development fit' (..OH Angeles and her suburbs. Such HuliurliH HH Hiuita Monica, Monrovia, (ilondulo, Hovorly, Oak Knoll, and Itrent wood Park arc 1 possible hccitiiKo iin ofll'-lont pavement has boon found which ran in- built within a pormlH- Mlblo coiil. The price of any other const met ion, evon tho old stlyo macadam, would lie prohibitive. It would bo dilllcult, If not an Impolitic matter, to find similar suburbs of any casti-rn city paving their streets so extensively and well. Tho same Is true ovon of oilier sections of tho Pacific coast. \Ve s:dd that tho modern modification of macadam was first, a bettor found itlon, and second, a cementing of lhi> road surface into a monolithic mans. Thi- ideal consolidation of a road foundation has never boon socurod \vilh a smooth roller, Inasmuch as it lias a tendency lo produce a waved Mil-face and lo consolidate a surface crust which inevitably bridges over i-i-riiiin spots, which, after tin 1 pine iiii-iii has lifon complolcd, ultimately .-vi tli- and cause depressions in tho pa\ i-iiii-iii itsi-ll'. A smooth roller must i-M-i'i i-onipressi vo action from the siii'la e downwards; the crust it forms MIOII supports tho weight of the roller anil ils < (impressive action ceases. The action of the rolling tamper ivvei;-,es this process, solidifying the huttiiiii of tlie ronmlatloii lirst. ami it Kneads, puddles and compacts Che enure t'liuiiiiaiion layer from bottom produce? hu waves, bridges no and Jii>es :i deiiMly lo 111;- tamper are nine Inches long, yet their compresslve action Is exerted to a greater depth, for whore the opportunity has arisen to see a section of pavement, and foundation made by use of the rolling tamper, as in the case of washouts, it has been observed that the compression of the earth extended fully three Inches below the reach of the shoes of the tamper. This sub-foundation tamping is abetted by the liberal use of water, whereby the surface Is kept too wet to solidify, or by the constant use of cultivation which keeps tho top loose, thus allowing the tamper i'eet to sink throiffch it. and thus work upon the sub-foundation. In this way the Petrol- itiilc foundation, more homogeneous than any heretofore made, is secured. The cementing of the road surface into a firm monolithic mass is the second important matter. The kneading, mixing and pudlfng action of the rolling tamper secures results towards this end heretofore never secured. The surface or wearing coat of the roadway is constructed about six Inches in thickness and Is solidified from the bottom up l>y means of the rolling tamper. The top six Inches of the roadway Is thoroughly pulverized, dampened with water and Is given three separate applications of hot, heavy, as- phaltlc oil, each application of oil he- Ing separately cultivated and mixed Into the soil. The liberal use of water materially assists In disseminating and mixing the oil throughout the mass. When the oil Is so thoroughly mixed with the soil by moans of cultivators that It can be scarcely detected by the eye, the whole mass Is turned over by a plow that thoroughly turns over the furrows, and after a proper cultivation or harrowing, the tamping with the (lolling tamper Is begun, the top being constantly stirred with a cultivator so that the base only Is tamped. The tamping process Is prolonged and meantime the top layer Is maintained in a soft condition by the liberal use of water, or by the constant US') of the cultivator, In order to secure as dense n compaction of the sub-stratum as possible. When the bottom has been compacted to the farthest limit, two, three or four In- chon of crushed rock Is added to the surface, which after being sprinkled with water, Is coated with an application of heavy asphaltlc oil, and then mixed with the top soil of the street. The rolling tamper Is again brought Into action and by the judicious use of the cultivator and water, this macadam mass Is compacted solidly from the bottom upwards until the tamper rides upon the surface without Indentation. Thus the old stylo of macadam pavement is cemented Into a homogeneous, tenacious, water-proof, frost-proof, resilont, and resisting wearing surface, which will hold up heavy traffic, withstand the action of rapidly driven automobiles, and is freer from dust and mud than any surface heretofore constructed. Upon tho surface completed In this way Is spread a light coat of heavy iiKphaltlc oil. This Is covered with a coat of screened gravel of rock screenings free from dust, which Is thoroughly sprinkled and rolled Into the oil with a smooth roller. Tills creates a tenacious and water-proof wearing surface that not only protects tho roadway, but forms a firm, Ideal surface, well adapted to all manner of vehicular and automobile tralllc. This surface Is familiar to all who have recently boon over the boulevard extending from I ,os Angeles to Pasadena. SCHEDULE FOR LEAGUE BALL. (Continued from llrsl. page) August 8th. Covlna San Kolico vs. Parrailn Paint ( ;., at Covlna. Palms vs. Schliti:, at Palms. Colgrovo vs. Uacyclos, at Colgrovo. Kastorn Outfitters VK. Wells Fargo at Vornon. August 15th. Covina Han Kolico vs. Palms, at Co- vlna. Colgruve vs. Parrafln Paint Co.. at Colgrovo. Wells Fin-go vs. Schlit/., at Palms. Kacyclos vs. Kastorn Outliltors, at Vi-niou. August 22nd. Coxina San Felice vs. Colgrovo, al Colgrox e. Palms x s. Kacydes. at Palms. Kastern Out! 1 ,:: ers vs. Schlii/.. .it Colgrovo. Wells Fargo vs. Parratin I'.iini Co.. at Vermin. August 29th. ('ox ilia San Felice \ s. \Velh; Fargo, at Palms. Palms \s. Colnroxo. at Coigroxo. Kastern ()ni III'ers \s Parralin i'aii.l Co.. al Palms. Uai vdes \s. Si Mil/ at Vei noii. WIND AND WAVES, A GaU't Action Upon Water, Detert Sand and Prairie Snow. There aro whirl waves in (ho water, «and nnd snow. Tim ^rcnt sea wnvea aro produced nt Miaf. |>nrt of a eyrlonf whf-ro» (Jlrwtlon of tho wind roln- rlrU-s with tho dlwflon of ndv;mr-e of tho doprosfdon. Along this lino of nd- vnru.-o tho wnvM (u (holr proKrcsr* arc ar-r-ompnislod by n strong wind blowing arroHH their rlrlx<'« nn lmi« as tin; nt- tiiosplH-rlf dfproMKiori Is maintained. Ho tho wiivos are dovHoprd until tljoy Iwomo Htr.'0[>. The iivf-nitfe height In foet. IH about half the velocity of the wind In miles. A wind of fifty-two miles an hour gives waves of an average height of twenty-six feet, although Individual waves will attain a height of forty feet. The prevailing wind In all longitudes Is westerly, so wherever a westerly wind springs tip It. finds a long westerly swell, the effect of a previous wind still running, and the prJnHpal effert of the newly bom wind Is to Increase the steepness of the already running long swell so as to form majestic storm waves, which sometimes attain a length of 1,200 feet from crest to crest. The longest, swells due to wind are almost Invisible during storms, for they are masked by the shorter and steeper waves, but they emerge Into view after or beyond the storm. The action of the wind to drift dry sand In a procession of waves Is seen In the deserts. As the sand waves cannot, travel by gravitation, their movements are entirely controlled by the wind, and they are therefore much Blinj.'er and more regular In form and movement than ocean waves. In their greatest heights of several hundred feet the former become more complex owing to the partial consolidation of tin,- lower layers of sand by pressure, but they Htlll have the characteristic wave features. In the Winnipeg prairies of Canada freshly fallen snow Is drifted by wind In a procession of regular waves, progressing with a visible and ghostlike motion. They are similar to desert sand wirvcn, but less than half as steep, the wave length being fifty Minos as great as the height. Tho flatness of the wind formed snow waves affords a valuable Indication of tho great distance to which hills shelter from the wind.--Chicago Tribune. TOO GOOD TO BE WELL A London Hospital Doctor's Hurry Patient From tho Outsids. Tho accident bell at the door of the hospital clangs, and the next moment nn agitated parent Is seen running down tho passage with a child tucked under the arm, Its bare legs streaming behind tt In tho wind of Its mother's rapidity. "What's the mutter, missis? Has she swallowed some poison?" "No, sir; It ain't that," she pants, "but I'm that scared I don't know 'ardly which way to turn." "Well, but what's happened? Has she hurt herscll'?" "No, sir, and 'or father 'e's that upset *e couldn't,do nolhln!;, else I ain't ' used to running ll!:e that, and 'e'd 'ave brought, "or up, but 'e says as '<>w 'e daren't touch 'or. nr.d I've run all the way, and mo "cart"— | "Come, now, missis, Just tell me quietly what's tho matter with the child." j Tho patient, a pretty little thing of four, looks liu'iulrlngly at her alarmed parent. There seems to be little tho matter with her. "It's all very well yer n-slttlu' there and a-tellln' of mo to be quiet," cries the mother. "If yer 'ad children of yer own yor wouldn't like tor see 'em die MCon- yer eyes. Oh, dear; oh, dour, and I hero ain't only two more and tho baby!" The d.iclor In despair examines the little girl, but falls to discover anything wrong. "Now, look here," says ho firmly, "I cun't find anything the mailer with your child, so you'll have to go away unless you tell mo why you brought her up to tho hospital." "Well, doctor, wo was all a-havln' our tea a minute ago as It might bo, and 'or father was ontln' a nice bit of tripe us was over from dinner when Susy, this ono I 'avo with mo, says as 'ow sho loved (Jod and was goln' to 'caving when ho doled. What!" in tones of horror. "Ain't yer going to give 'or no medicine?"-- Cornhlll Magazine. ~ HAY'S PREDICTION. ~ 1 Kxptet to B« Comfortably D«arf In 1908," Ha Wrote. A very Interesting letter referring to President Lincoln just after his first inauguration and written by John Hay Is dated Washington, 1801, and says In part: "If there Is 1 anything which more (ban nil causes me to regret the Intolerable press of business about the president's office it Is the impossibility of answering (he letters of my best friends. I have positively not had a moment's leisure since we arrived in this city. The throng of office seekers Is absolutely fearful. They come at daybreak and still are coming at rnld- rilght. "You know that in anything I can do you can command me, but you over-, rate my Influence. Mr. Lincoln positively refuses to make any recommendations for positions in the department; he rejects the entreaties even of his most intimate friends and relatives." In another letter, Washington, Dec. 12, no year. Hay says: "Walter Noyes was appointed on the recommendation of two Rhode Island senators, Burnslde and Anthony. I did not pay McKlnley's debts. I never called him William In my life, nor did he ever call me John. Our Intercourse has always been of the most formal character. 1 have absolutely no claim on him for myself or friends." And in another letter Hay writes from Washington: "I am old, sick and busy, and I have not a moment at my disposition besides what Is occupied by my dally tasks. • • * Do not talk about anything so ridiculous as my being a candidate for the presidency. I shall never hold an office after this, and I expect to be comfortably dead by l',m." An will be recalled. Secretary Hay died July 1, 1905.—New York Times. His Lucky Coin. In one of his illlibert lectures Max Mullcr suld to tho students: "Many of you, I suspect, carry a halfpenny with U hole In h for luck. I tun not ashamed to o\vn that I have done so myself for many year*." Tho ease was cited by him in his lecture as an Illustration of "survivals" from primeval foti. h- Ism, but on his own account Max Mul- lor confessed dial xvlien sometimes he hail left home without this halfpenny talisman ho felt "very uncomfortable" until his safe return. A BUCKET_OF^ WATER. In Right Place When Needed It Will Prevent a Conflagration. A single bucket of water—even a cupful—thrown 011 a bluze at Its start often does more good than a reservoir full ten minutes later. And yet in not one out of a thousand American homes la a single bucket of water dedicated to flre protection. The only excuses for this negligence are ignorance, carelessness, total disregard of property and life. Poverty may explain the absence of structural protection, but no one who has a home Is too poor to afford a buckot of water. Even 25 cents spent for fire pails will measurably Increase for years the safety of a house and that of its inmates. And the only attention this very effective fire apparatus will need is an occasional refilling from the pump or tap. The virtue of the bucket of water kept exclusively for fire purposes is that it is always there when you look for it and always full of water. There Is, to be sure, lots of water around the house (except when the pipe or pump has frozen), but by the time ono can find a bucket, take it to the tap or pump, wait for It to fill and then take It back to the flre not one bucket but ton are needed. If, however, you can tlnsh Into the hall, seine a ready filled bucket and souse the blueing curtain, all within twenty seconds, one bucket generally will be more than enough, as good as u whole fire department and far less destructive than Its superfluity of water. Tho family that cares anything at all for its belongings should keep at least one bucket of water on a little bracket In tho hall on encli floor and another buckot In the garret. Down collar Ihore should be a barrel of water and a bucket not far from the furnace. Tho wator in the garret or collar may be kopt from froo/.lng In cold weather by adding common salt. —Kxchtinge. In the Interest of Good Eyes. A noted oculist advises against using the eyes immediately after waking; therefore the habit of many young girls of reading or studying In bed Is Injurious. It Is harmful to use the eyes when sleepy, as it is a great strain upon the muscles. If one must read or write when drowsy, rise occasionally and bathe the eyes with hot or cold water. Remember that a quick change from a dark room to a brilliant light Is a strain upon the eyes.—New York I'ress. The Prayer He Didn't Make. In a certain parish near Dumfries a newly made elder was summoned to tho sickbed of a parishioner. Doing naturally a bashful man, ho was in groat unxloty as to tho "prayer he wad ha'o ti) |ilt up" and wished to avoid going altogether. At length ho was persuaded by his wife and started on his orrand. On his return his wife greeted him with til* 1 query: "And how did yo get nn. William?" "Oh, grand! He was deSd."- Dundee Advertiser. Paints, Painting Decorating, Kalsoming, Wall Paper, Paperinf, Carriage and Automobile Painting. Crockery, Chinaware Lamps, Fancy and Plain Dishes NEW STORE IN ODDFELLOWS' BUILDING KISTLER & KEELING Home Phone 51 The Arps Turns Out First-Class Job Printing mm Automatic Valvclcss and Wicklcss OIL SM at Fabrick's Hardware Store Electrical Wiring, Fixtures, Heating Apparatus, Irons 1 All kinds of repairs. Estimates furnished. Agent for LEAVITT BARTHOLOMEW FIXTURE CO. 620 S. Spring Street, Los Angeles, Cal. R. B. WINDER .ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR Home Phone 1068 115 N. Citrus Ave., Covina, Cal. WHERE DO YOU EAT? Woman the Waitress. Kicked on Being Tickled to Death. "A wiuiuiu." remarked the wise ( 'halrman <>f the ComiiiiHeo You got widow. "Is always waiting fur u hus- | anything tu say b.-fnro w t - si rings you baud " | up'.' P.:ii! Hugglns u'le oundoiiinedi - j "How do you liguro thai out':" quc- : If ii ain't loo ir,ii'-!i tn-Uoli- I'd lii.>- : rlod the interested spinster. '" \ to |-:i\«- you irii.t Hie ci'il ,,( i>-e rope j "If ,slu- isn't ni.-irri' d." aii-wered the \vli--ro it's frayed. It tickles me neck, j w. \v., "she Is waiting to get one. and 1'iirk. j If she Is she's wailing fur him to " ~" ------- j ome home."- i 'h:. a^o News. ; Too Pressing. i ". \ini ilitl you enjoy your Afrlcni. '• His Finish. trip, major: How i!u| you like tho "I Mil V U l'V el" e.T.'.;>!ett> Voi;r ed'K'U- «aVlge>':" tt.'i:':" i "iili, tli--y won- cxtrei'.ic'y ki'-tl heart "No; ;u\ \\i;'e cliil " Houston 1' ft! '. '!!:<•> \\aiiltil to Lcop u;e there fur Ever Eat in Our Cafeteria? If you have cot, try it the next time yon come to Los Angeles. In the first place;* you save money—but not at the expense of your stomach. In the second place, you save time, which is quite an important item to the suburbanite. When you eat at our cafeteria you do not have to wait a long time to get served. You help yourself. You see how everything is prepared and know that the food that you eat is as appetizing and clean as it you prepared it yourself. And you don't have to give tips. Ideally Located For the Suburbanite Boos Bros. Los Angeles Cafeteria is directly across the street from the Pacific Electric Ry. Station. Look for the name on the window. When you have finishsd your shopping- you can lunch here and get your car right at the door. You'll enjoy eating here, because there's a home-like atmosphere about the place. The food served is the best procurable and is served in best home-style—"just a liule better than anywhere else" people say. The linen is snowy-white and the whole place is tempting- in its cleanliness. Xusv just try a meal here, if only fur once. LOOK FOR OUR NAME ON THE WINDOW. 62IS MAIN LOS A. QELES BRANCHES—211 West Second Street; 321 West Fifth Street

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