Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 6, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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I \ Attention, Shoppers!-Hope Stores Will Close Every Wednesday Afternoon at 1 o'Clock The Byline of Dependability Hope VOLUME 44— NUMBER 173 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Thundershowers tonight and in northwest portions today, cooler in the northwest and extreme north portion tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 6, 1~943 __ ,_——_ r...,.,:., •"-^L^^^^_i^_^:i^:i^^.^^:__: U _ 11 ^ - - _ __-.._.^.--...^^ • —' • •• »•»«»**• *-i i / fTi*t | v*j I 7*f *? \"r / means MSSOCIOied KrOSS *t i ""™ " ::: ~~ '•^ u - ::::zr: ^"~~-—;^ -=^=^1--• ____"" Moons J-l!^ 0 Jg! r Enter P ris e Ass'n PRICE 5c GOPY> Allies Push to Tunis Plain Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN What One Man Can Do to Make a Whole World Miserable Adolf Hitler is the current object of our hatred, just os the Kaiser was in World No. 1 But the sober judgment of history points to neither of these as the author of humanity's woes —the real villain was the man who put modern Germany together only two generations ago. Sees Operations This Summer on the Continent Washington •<f> In 18G2 Prussia, largest of the north Germanic states, was just one of 39 countries leagued together as thp German Confederation. In this lose federation Austria was top-dog. Prussia couldn't challenge Aus^ tria leadership, couldn't put the 3!) Germanic states into one strong central power, until she had acquired a big army. The Prussian king, William 1 (father of the kaiser of World War No. 1) wanted a big army, but the Prussian parlimcnt wouldn't vote the money for it. At this critical moment the career Washington, May (i — (/I 1 )— Dircc- ot lllc yet unborn German empire r Elmer Davis of Hie Office of lll '"K in the balance. King William Ell' I M f(ir in :i t i fiti [••ltd fitrl.... i u.~..,. I lini i oli 1 'iKmii 'iU^lin,,<;.-..r Information said today there is "no question but that there will be Allied operations on continental Europe this summer." Davis, asked whether Allied forces could clean up North Africa soon enough to permit invasion of the continent this year, said he was confident they could. However, he added, it might be necessary to leave a pocket of Axis resistance at Bizerte to be reduced by sustained pounding even while the continental operations arc under way. The big naval base of Bizerte already is within heavy artillery range of American and French troops to the north. "The Allies may encounter difficulty when they get the Axis knocked down to Bizerte, where the Gernians 'cvidntly ih'lend to make their final stand," said Davis, wh:> is in close touch with military strategists here. "In my opinion, it would be possible to go ahead with the invasion plans even though Bizerte remains for a time in Axis hands. Davis gave these opinions in a brief interview. At his press conference yesterday he emphasized Allied successes in Tunisia were tho result of opralions Allied in fact as well as in name. '11 is Ihc continuous pressure on all parts of the Germans by British, French and American troops that produced breakthroughs on one or another part of the front," Davis said. The Axis fear of imminent invasion is apparently the reason for new and feverish propaganda activity from Rome and Berlin, Davis said, and apparently accounts for the propaganda, for home consumption, that American flyers have machincd-gunncd Italian civilians. "They arc obviously expected an attack and an invasion, and I think the zeal with which they go at this indicates that they arc afraid we will meet with a good deal of sympathy among the Italian people who probably got tired of having their country run by the Germans. Businessman of Fort Smith Fatally Shot Van Buron, May (i M')—Lee G. Kims, about 50, president of the Peoples Loan and Investment Co., of Fort Smith, was shot fatally last night four miles north of Mountainburg. Carl k. Crcekmore, Van Burcn, deputy prosecuting attorney, said that State Policeman Robert Pritchrad informed authorities he shot Sims once when he thought the latter had obtained a gun from glove compartment in his automobile. Creekmore gave this version of the affair after u prelmiinary investigation: The policeman pursued Sims' car to warn him about an alleged traffic violation. Sims, who owns a summer home near Mountainburg, turned off the highway into a narrow lane. The officer returned and walked up to the car. The officer reported that Sims reached into the glove compartment of the car and obtained an iron pipe. The officer fired once in the asserted belief that the pipe was a firearm. Pritch Motorists Slow To Obey Speed Laws LITTLE ROCK, Ark. — (/P>— Crawford county authorities, then came to the courthouse here. Creekmore said an investigation of the shooting would not be completed before tomorrow. In Esles Park, Colo., beavers built a dam mure than one thousand feet long, thought about abdicating. But there came on the scene Count Otto von Bismarck. Interviewed by the king as a possible cabinet appointee, Bismarck tells the story in his own words (page 15 Holt & Chillon's 'European History 18G2-1914, MacMillan Co.): "After a good deal of consideration and discussion the king asked me whether I was prepai-cd as minister to advocate the reorganization of the army, and svhcn I assented, he asked me further whether I would do so in opposition to the majority in parlimcnt and its resolutions. When I asserted my willingness, he finally declared, 'Then it is my duly, with your , h.clp, .to attempt to continues the battle, and-I shall not abdicate.' " Bismarck, later known as "the iron chancellor", went on to become the real leader of Prussia, to consolidate the 39 Germanic stales into one empire—and to upset the balance of power which had been the foundation-stone of peace plans in Europe for hundreds of years. Britain's traditional policy was to play off a combination of powers against France, so that no one nation had absolute command of the continent. But Bismarck's Germany became stronger than any possible combination of factors on the continent—and the peace of Europe was permanently destroyed. Mine Hearing Opens-With Lewis Absent Washington, May (i —(/I 1 )—A Wai- Labor Board panel started a public hearing on the soft coal wage dispute today with the expressed hope that President John L. Lewis and other United Mine Workers officials would change their minds and decide to attend. "The latchstring," said Panel Chairman Morris L. Cookc, "is on the outside of the door." Only the coal operators and their representatives and reporters were present al tho hearing was opened to the public after a brief closed session. Cookc explained that normally panel hearings are open only to the contestants. But, he added, finding only one side represented, "the panel decided with the approval of tdrbeh ao, the approval of the board, to open the hearings to the press so that the public and the absent contestant may be advised of our day to day proceedings." In addition, the chairman said, a verbatim transcript will be supplied to the UMW "My colleagues on the panel," said Cooke, "join me in expressing regret that Mr. Lewis and the other officers of the United Mine workers have not been able to attend." He stressed that the dispute is being handled in accordance with the procedure iaid down by President Roosevelt in telling both parties March 22 that the case "must be settled like any other dispute." the war time 35•an-hour speed regulation, ey reported: Percentage observing the rule, 21. Average speed of all vehicles, 39.5 mph; Arkansas vehicles, 39.4: out-of-state passenger cars, 44.3; pick-up trucks, 25.7; large trucks, 37.4 and buses, 43.5. Jap Pacific Bases Done, Tojo Declares By The Associated Press Premier General Hideki Tojo of Japan was quoted by the Axis radio today as saying in Manila that Japanese fighting forces had "strengthened all strategically important bases in greater cast Asia" and wore "now prepared to deal a decisive blow at tlic enemy." The broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said Tojo addressed some 400,000 persons in Manila in n celebration marking the first anniversary of the Japanese taking of Corrcgidor. Tojo declared, the broadcast said, that 1,000,000,000 inhabitants of Greater East Asia wore "unanimously resolved to continue the war to a victorious conclusion." "We arc now in readiness to dual a thorough and crushing blow at the enemy's armed power," Tojo was quoted. The anniversary of Corregidor's fall has been designed officially as a Japancs holiday. Tho Tokyo radio quoted Pc'.-mior General Hideki Tojo today .as saying in an address at Manila that the Philippines would be grained their independence "as soon as the Filipinos are in a position really to collaborate with Japan." This vague promise, reported in a broadcast heard by the Associated Press in London, obviously was a bid for cooperation from the Filipinos, whs would have received full sovcrcighly from the United States in 1946 undcv the Tydings-McDuffic act, the provisions of which were ratified overwhelmingly by the Philippine electorate in a plebiscite on 'May 14, 1935. Tho statement disclosed the real significance of Tojo's visit to the Philippines which was announced by the Tokyo radio last night — and indicated the strenuous efforts which the Japanese are making to consolidate their position there. The fact that Tojo himself felt it necessary to visit Manila might also be taken as an indication that those efforts thus far have not been producing the desired results so far as Filipino coopration is concerned. The Japanese announcement said the premier had arrived in Manila yesterday and said he had made the trip "inorder to examine the military situation and have a free discussion with local authorities," Tho rado quoted Tojo as saying at a banquet honoring Jorge B. Vargas and other Philippine leaders that during his visit lie "had been able to admire the wholehearted effort which your excellency, together with others who are coopraling with the commander in chief of the imperial Japanese Army, are devoting to the prosecution of the war and the construction of the new Philippines, and also the assistance and endeavors of the people in general in pursuit of their daily tasks." Tojo told those at the banquet, the radio report continued, that "this morning, at a people's gratitude rally, 1 expressed our firm faith that Japan will come out of tills World War as victory by further solidifying with her Allies in East Asia and Europe. I stated clearly the immovbale conviction of the Japanese Empire of recush- mg America and Britain and thus preclude all possibilities of their extending agiijji (her pcrncious tcnacles to East Asia." Bonkers Honor Spragins and Stephenson Hot Springs, May G — (/PJ — Charles A. Gordon, Pine Bluff, was elected president of the Arkansas Bankers Association at the concluding sessions of its annual convention here today. Gordon Succeeds Alfred G. Kahn, Little Rock. Other • officers named were W. B. Oglesby, Texarkana, vice president, and Sam H. Williams. Blytbcville, treasurery. Elected to three - year terms on the excutive council were C. A. Spraggins. Hope: Sam E. Babb, El Dorado: W. E. Thompson, Mc- Gchee; and Charles W. Daniel Monticello. The Junior Association members named to the exccutvie council were R. W .Higginsotham, Jonesboro; X. O. Yancey, Searcy; E. A. Fitzgerald, Springdale; Roy Sctphenson, Hope; and Robert L. Searcy, Risoji. Hitler's Armies Face Diinkerque on Two Fronts BY ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitler's invasion armies to- o'ay faced the prospect of atlemij: ing a "double Dunkcrque — in the Soviet Caucasus as well as Tunisia —and the Axis picture was furth'er darkened by forecasts of an imminent Allied invasion of Europe; Dispatches from Moscow said powerful Soviet Naval forces v^crc waiting to pounce upon any Nazi attempt to evacuate troops frorri'the Caucasus to the Crimea as Hhe Red Armies stormed within nine miles of Novorossisk, Black Sea Naval base. Novorossisk is the last, major German stronghold in the Caucasus. Smashing new gains all along the 125 - mile Tunisian front were announced in a bulletin from Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters, high - lighted by the British First Army's capture of bloody Djebel Bou Aoukaz guarding the open plain before Tunis. The communique also reported that American troops driving toward the great Bizerte Naval fortress attacked the Germans south of Lake Achkel and "succeeded in capturing a part of'an important feature after fierce fighting." This apparently referred to the American thrust against Tbourba, gateway to Tunis. U. S. troops were reported yesterday to have captured Eddekhila, six miles west of Tebourba. "On the Eighth Army front, a local advance was made and patrols penetrated deeply behind the enemy positions," Allied headquarters said. "The country has been heavily mined." While the whole tenor of the Allied comniuniquc suggested that Axis defenses were crumbling, the Italian high command asserted that "German and Italian troops stand firm in sustained and hard defensive fighting." 6-Weeks Band School Starts Here May 24 The Summer Band School will start at the local high school May 24 and will continue for ,6 weeks. All sessions will meet in the band building at the high school. , There will be three division*, of students for the summer course:. The Red, Green, and Blue Bands. The Red Band will be made up of beginners, the Green Band for junior members or students with less than two years experience, and the Blue Band for advanced band members. Each group will cover an entire instruction method in the 6 weeks. The work will be equi- valenl to that covered in one 16 weeks semester in the fall term of school and all students will receive grades and regular school credit. In addition to the group instruction there will be private lessons for those that desire. All students who plan to be in cither the high school of the Oglesby advanced bands this fall should enroll now for the summer course. Beginners may start at any time, but the summer term is the logical time because the entire beginners' course is given in a short period. Instruments may cither be purchased or the school has a limited number to rent. Parents who arc interested in placing their children in band at cither school may contact Thomas Lavin at the high school. Induction of Fathers by August 1 Washington, May G—(/I 1 )— Major Gen. Lewis B. Hcrshey, Selective Service director, declared yesterday it may be necessary to induct fathers into the armed services by August 1 or earlier to meet draft quotas. Hershey expressed that opinion in a letter to tho Senate Military Affairs Committee opposing a bill by Senator Wheeler (D-Mont) prohibiting induction of fathers. Hershey and Secretary of War Stimson also expressed opposition to legislation prohibiting draft de- I ferment for government workrcs between the ages of 18 and 38. Meanwhile, apparntly in preparation for the induction of fathers, Selective Service headquarters today urged employers engagd in essential activities to file form 42B for the their employes who are fathers. The forms merely certify that the men "maintain bona fide homes with children less than 18 years, born on or before Sept. 14, 1942," and hold some job in one of the 35 groups of activities designated as essential. Men for whom such forms are filed, Selective Service said, cannot be reclassified to 1-A until the employer is given notice by the local board and an opportunity to submit evidence that they are irreplaceable key men,- entitled to deferment in class 2-A or 2-B. The largest colony of prairie dogs ever located was 250 miles long and 100 miles wide. Bombers Raid Toungoo, Hit Jap Transport By The Associated Press American heavy bombers were officially credited today with raining more than 30 tons of bombs on Japanese occupied Toungoo, Burma, while in thc.,Southwest Pa,- ciific big U. S. Liberators left a 5,000 - ton Japanese ship in flames off the coast of New Guinea. U. S. Army Air Force headquarters said the raid on T-oungoo inflicted great damage on Japanese headquarters and other buildings there. The Americans also blasted rail targets at Nyngyan, west of Mandalay, and RAF Wellington bombers heavily attacked rail installation- at Prome. On Ihc Burma land front, British headquarters said Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell's forces dislodged Japanese troops from a hill near the Maungclaw - Buthe- daung road, north of the big enemy base at Akyab, and inflicted casualties on the Japanese in minor fighting. Despite the imminence of the Monsoon rains, when military operations become almost hopeless, the Japanese have persistently attempted to flirt through British defenses in a drive toward the Indian frontier. On the Australian front, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters said nine Japanese planes tried to intercept U. S. Liberators raiding Wewak, New Guinea, but all the bombers got home and one of the enemy was damaged. Dutch - manned bombers carried out a fire - .setting raid on Japanese barracks and the wharf area at Toeal in the Kai islands, due north of Australia, and a single Australian flier attacked Timika in Dutch New Guinea. State Parole Board Cuts Sentences Little Hock. May G —(/Pi— The state parole board al ils May meeting recommended to Governor Adkins that the life sentence given Marvin Kidwcll in Ixard County Oct. 20, 1931, for murder be commuted to 30 years, State Parole Officer J. S. Pollard said today. Adlains said he had not yet taken the matter under consideration. The board paroled 32 prisoners. About 55 applications were considered. Those paroled included: Jimmy Anderson (Columbia), sentenced Jan. 9, 1941, to seven years for burglary; Frank Digby f Miller), sentenced Jan. 2, 1941, to seven years for robbery; A. G. French (Columbiai, sentenced April 20, 1942. to seven years for burglary and grand larceny; James L. Gotcher (Miller), sentenced Jan. 2, 1941, to seven years for robbery with firearms; Fred Morgan (Columbia), -sentenced Nov. 12, 1942, to one year for assistance to kill; for second-degree murder; Johnnie L. Brown (Hempstead), sentenced Jan. 15, 1941, to six year for burglary and grand larceny. Reds Approach Novorossisk in Kuban Delfa —Europe By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, May 6 — (IP)— The Red Army, hammering today at the northeast approaches to Novoros- sisk, has taken a dozen more villages in the area in addition to Krymskaya and nine other towns which the Soviets announced they captured yesterday in smashing through the Kuban Delta bulge toward the Black Sea port. One of the villages is about nine miles northeast of Novorossisk in the hilly marsh country through which the Soviet troops are sweeping the Germans toward the sea in a drive gaining daily momentum. Massive artillery barrages paved the way for new thrusts and mowed down hundreds of German and Rumanian soldiers in the front lines and in deeply - fortified positions. Soviet bombing planes sprayed the Axis troops with bombs and cannon fire as they tried to cling to their defense points against the mounting pressure. Bomber and fighter planes also .continued to pound the German - held railways behind the front lines. Prisoners poured back to the Soviet rear. The loss of 7,000 dead and of numerous men captured in the last few days has weakened the Axis forces but their strength probably remain s far from crushed. For weeks Hitler has been bringing up tanks and munitions, possibly in preparation for a; spring offensive in the Kuban. ' ,(The Berlin radio said German forces had fustrated heavy Russian attacks in the Kubanbridge- head, destroying 20 Soviet tanks, and that they had halted several sporadic thrusts made by the Russians south of Novorossisk. The broadcast was recorded by the Associated Press.) Two major gains were achieved by the capture of Krymskaya, 17 miles northeast of the former Russian Naval base. It poised the Red Arm^ in a position menacing the city'.and it cut the German - held railway between Novorossisk and Protoka, which is 36 miles northeast of the port. At Protoka the railway connects with a highway that leads westward to the Kerch Straits, across which lies the Crimean peninsula. Prolo- ka also is-a junction for a railway that runs northward to.the sea o'f Azov. If the Red Army is able to drive a short, distance from Krymskaya to Verkhny Bakansky, they will cut the highway from Novorossisk to another seaport town, Anapa, 29 miles northwestward on the Black (Continued on Page Two) Member of Capone Gang Shot to Death Chicago, May 6 — (IP] — Danny .Stanton, one • time Caponemob- ster and for 20 years listed on police records as a hoodlum, was killed in a South Side tavern last nighl, shot in the back of the head by gunmen after they had slain one of his companions and wounded another man. The slayers, in typical gangland style, rushed through a side door of the 6500 Club on South May street, and blasted shotgun slugs into the bodies of the three men, fatally wounding Stanton and Louis Dorman. 40, a gamble r, and wounding Cy Shapiro, 30, who said he did not come to the tavern with Stanton and Dorman. Police today searched for witnesses and also investigated cev- eral possible motives for the slayings. The 42 - year - old Stanton, who was the South Side representative of the old Capone - Nitti gang in the prohibition area, in recent years was engaged in gambling operations and also was said by police to have been identified in cunnoclion with union racketeering. Mrs. Virginia Prcyncr, who with her husband operates the tavern, told police there wore four other men in the establishment, immodia- tly before the shooting and they were playing cards. She said she was in a washroomn when she heard the gunmen rush through the door and fire three times. The card players, she said, were gone when she ran from the washroom and found the three men on the floor. Police theorized that at least two gunmen were the executions. Axis Forces Fall Back on Whole Tunisia Front : i i S3 OPA Rationing Boss Predicts Less Rationing Washington, May 6 (a*)— On his first anniversary as the man who issues ration ' books, Paul M. O'Leary predicted today that the coming 12 months are likely to see "less rather than more rationing." As deputy OPA administrator in charge of rationing, O'Leary gets blamed every time a man's red stamps don't produce a 2-inch steak. Now and then some one approves of his work, believe it or not. Exactly a year ago, O'Leary took the big plunge and passed out his first ration book. A half billion more have been printed since. The first one (No. 1) was for sugar — remember? It's still in use, and coffee and shoes have been added. Other books since then include those for gasoline, fuel oil, and the processed foods — meat (No. 2 Book.) No. 3 Book, a replacement for No. 1 and 2, is printed and ready to be distributed by mail this summer. No. 4, also a replacement, is in the design stage. Want to know what's going to be rationed next? So would O'Leary. "I can say honestly," he said, "that -I. have j-nqt,inUmJicui rfif .na, tioning any thine. "That doesn't mean that some of my staff aren't thinking from time to time of various new rationing plans. That's common sense pre- cation. But it doesn't mean any of these plans will necessarily ever see the light of day." O'Lary insisted that, for consumers, rationing is not very complicated. "Not," he added, "until you introduce differtials," such as the demands of lumber workers and others for extra-- allowances of meat. The' real complexities, he said, are for the businessmen, and OPA is learning through experience how to simplify some of these. Theo Dies Early Wednesday Theo P. WiU, well-known Hope businessman, died early today at the State Sanitorium, Booneville. He had been ill several years. Funeral arrangements are incomplete. The body will be brought to Hope for burial. He is survived by his wife, and a son, Jack Witt, with armed forces •—Africa'!: By WILLIAM O. KING Allied Headquarters in rica, May 6 — (#•)— Field dispatches-,.-^ said today Allied infantrymen* tfa'df" captured strategic heights bothf< north and south of Lake AchkellinJ the drive upon Bizerte and the MCl -« man barriers before the plain^ofs! Tunis cracked at the Center witril the fall of Djebel Bou Aoukazftof th British First Army. 'V& United States foot troops and'ar.4 mor attacked along the entire* northern sector, their advance preceded by a big artillery barrage and accompanied by one of thef heaviest Allied air actions of. thef North African campaign. _; * Axis troops were routed from sis-7 ter heights rising above Lakel Achkel, Djebel Achkel on the'! south and Djebel Chimti on the-s north, field dispatches said, and 1 an armored column swung f: area above Mateur toward ville, the bomb - ravaged like" zerte port eight miles south of tti< naval base. j, Djebel Chiniti was in North Africa. Funeral services will be held at the First Methodist Church here Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock. Active Pallbearers; Bob Gosnell, Tom Gorham, Luther Garner, Louis Keith. Webb Laseter, Jr., W. A. McGulley. Honorary; Steve Carrigan. Webb Laseter, Sr., Dr. Pink Carrigan, Dr. Don Smith, Dr. G. E. Cannon, Dr. L. M. Lile, George Green, W. S. Atkins, James Jones, Syd McMath. E. P. Young, died Hall, Clifford Franks, O. A. Graves, John S. Gibson, John Cox, Harry I.emley, Robert LaGrone, W. B. Ruggles, C. P. Newton, Little Rock. E. F. McFaddin, R. M. Patterson. R. L. Patterson, Louie Carleson, J. C. Carlton, Thompson Evans, Roy Anderson, R. P. Bowen. Harry Moore, Dan Godbold, Joe Green, Ruffin White, Gus Haynes and I. L. Pilkinton. Rain Needed for Strawberry Crop Little Rock, May 6 — (ff>)— Rain within 10 days will be needed to save Arkansas' already short strawberry crop, Stuart L. Bryan of the federal-state crop reporting service, said today. Bryan said the service's latest forecast was for a yield of 70 crates an acre, compared to 85 last year, and that acreage was down 20 per cent from 1942. Least hurt was the southwest Arkansas area where the crop is about half through movement, he reported. Hard hit is the North Arkansas crop which should be approaching full movement but instead is producing only a trickle. the biggest remaining barrier be-v fore the American and French^ units closing in upon Bizerte. <?] !h In a related drive at the southern* end of the Second U. S. Annyl Corps' line, other troops pushed! to a group of hills east of Edd« "' Hila on the way to Tebourba, 41 **^, miles east of EddekhilaX andjlfi miles west of Tunis, '-•' This -rrea^aes'^north of _, ., Bou Aoukaz/12 miles northeasUof! Medjez-El-Bab, which was won'by^ the British yesterday. 1 Allied Headquarters m North'Af-J rica. May 6 — (/P) — American forces captured part of jagged Dje- bel Achkel, on the southern shdreiL, of Lake Achkel, while the British"!! First Army opened a door to v the^ plain of Tunis yesterday by driving jL the fiercely resisting enemy from 1 ! Djebel Bou Aoufaz, 12 miles norih-T east of Medjz-El-Bab, it was i an* nounced today. The Northwest African we . Forces, striking fresh blows at the I Axis life line across the Sicilian* straits, sank two ships and severe-lifj ly damaged seven more. Flying Fortresses sank an ammunition ship in the straits and' damaged another in La Goulette**! harbor during a raid which also damaged several small craft, blast-L ed barracks and oil storage and un-j loading depots and started manyia fires. - *M Allied fighter planes carried out! 1,200 sorties — individual flights '—?" yesterday in their biggest day's ef> fort in the battle of Tunisia, •" In all, 11 Axis aircraft were shot • down yesterday. Four Allied planes i failed to return. ; / In what appeared to be a despei> ^ ate fight to organize defenses pn, the roads to Bizerte, along which, both American and French forces, have been pressing to distances as% close as 10 miles, Axis troops coun-'J terattacked repeatedly yesterday iji*I the area of Djebel Chmti, north'! of Lake Achkel. ' ^ f All were repulsed and the Amer»L icans took more than 300 prisoners sa most of whom were Italians. MacArthur Observes Fall of Corregidor Allied Headquarters in Austral-> ia. May 6 (/P)— General Douglas, MacArthur, commemorating the" fall of Corregidor in a statement' today, described the island fortreiss* as symbolizing "the honor of a na-' tion." r. Noting that Corregidor, the fort-, rcss in Manila Bay to which a few- United States forces retreated after the fall of Bataan, "surrendered a full year ago today," the general continued: "Intrinsically it is but a barrejL* war-work rock, hallowed as so: many other places by death and disaster. ^ "Yet it symbolizes within itself that, priceless, deathless thing,T honor of a nation. "Until we lift our flag frw» „ dust, we stand unredeemed befp,r "Until we claim again the g ly remnant so fits last gaunt »*.„.« nson, we can but stand, numblel supplicants, before Almighty Gci "There lies ow Holy Graj|T"

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