Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 5, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, May 5, 1943
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o Attention, Shoppers!-Hope Stores Will Close Every Wednesday Afternoon at 1 o'Clock !> ' The Byline of Dependability Hope VOLUME 44— NUMBER 172 Star or Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 5, 1943 Allies Push Near The Weather Arkansas: Little temperature change this afternoon and tonight. Fresh winds. Scattered thundershowers in the northwest portion tonight. (AP)—Moans Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspapei Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Carry Die-Hard Ruml Backers Fight to Senate —Washington ''Washington, May 5 — (A')— Undismayed by two defeats in Ihc House, and unsatisfied by the House-approved measures to wipe out 75 pel- cent of. 10-12 individual income tax • abilities, Ruml plan advocates today carried their battle to the Senate — which they predicted would pass the full lax year abatement bill. Chairman George (OGa) sum- •jioned the Senate Finance Committee into session Thursday for speedy action on pay-as-you-go legislation. The House Into yesterday climaxed a historic part scrap by passing 313 to 05, a compromise pay-as-you-go bill. Written by Representative Robertson (D-Va) and Forand (D-RI), it would wipe out the 1942 income tax liabilities com- plctr-ly for about 90 per cent of the taxpayers.—^.niiinborjiyg,.pvpr {W,.». ^)0,00u persons — and mVpo'so a 20 per cent withholding levy against wages and salaries, effective July 1. The Democratic majority had narrowly escaped its worst drub- fc jing in a decade as it managed to heal, down the Republican backed modified Ruml plan, 206 to 202. A month previously (lie Democrats had beaten the bill 215 to 108. The Republicans then swung swiftly behind the Robertson- Airaiid compromise, and the House sent this legislation to the Senate. To ease the transition to pay-as- you-go, the bill abates the 6 per cent normal and 13 per cent first Bracket surtax on the 1942 income Jf all taxpayers, erasing about $7,(H)0,()()0,000 of the $10,000,000,000 of the total. It removes the 1942 tux liabilit completely for single persons with incomes up to $2,T>00 and marrcid persons up to $3,200. The •"labilities of others are substantially reduced. Those not made fully current by the abatement would continue to pay as in Ihc past, but there would be no forced payment of 'nore than a year's taxes within une year. Salient points uf the House measure follow: l.Wago and salary earners, except members of the armed scrv- ,iccs, agricultural labor, ministers nd domestic services, will have 20 per cent deducted from their pay envelopes and salary checks,, such collections covering both income and victory taxes. 2. Persons with incomes other ; 'ian wages and salaries — businessmen, professional men, etc. — would be required to estimate their lax for the current year and pay it within the year. 3.Farmers would file \ioii of their estimated any lime on or before 15 uf the taxable year. 4. All lax payers would be required to file final tax returns as al present on or before the March '5 following the close of Ihc tax"able year, and on the basis of this return, adjustments would be mad for differences between the slimal- cd 1 or withheld tax and the correct tax. General No Longer Behind Lines Andrews 8th to Be Killed , , In World War No. 1 there was a gag about a soldier who 'uccamc panic-stricken and ran toward the rear. He ran and ran, until, exhausted, he stumbled and sprawled in the mud. ® When he looked up he saw a gci.- cral. "Good Lord," said the soldier, "I didn't know I was that far bc- hand the lines!" Thai was supposed to be funny back in 1017-18, when America went skylarking to war . . . and most of us were buck privates and commissioned officers were supposed to be stuffed shirts far from any action. Bill the rules of war have changed, Ihc gags are few, and America doesn't feel much like skylarking as World War No. 2 wears into the! second year for us. Notable among the ways in which modern war has changed things is Ihe fact that officers go along with the enlisted men nowadays, on the same road, through the same dangers. Gone is the conventional headquarters far behind the front —for with motorized equipment and swift changes in balllc lines there is no longer any true front to be back of. The Unilcd Slalcs has lost eight generals thus far in World War No. 2, the latest and highest-ranking being LI. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, commander of all U. S. forces in the European theater. Strictly speaking, he wasn't killed on a fighting front, but il traces back jusl the same to this new- style war we arc fighting. His plane crashed yesterday in Iceland on the dangerous but vital military a, ir road between the Unilcd Slates and England. Speedy ground equipment involving lightning changes in battle fronts, and air transport over dan gnrous distances because military mailers can't wait—these arc factors which have reduced all men to a common dcmoninator, whether of high or low rank, and given a lew and grim meaning to lluil ihrusc "total war." Germans Reeling Under Red Air, Ground Blows -Europe ^Today's War Map a dcclara- laxcs al December Adkins Still Against Using Evacuee Labor Little Rock. May 5 —(Tl'i—Govci nor Adkins re-emphasized today is opposition to the use of Japanese-American evacuee labor in Arkansas. He lold newsmen he had refused several new request recently for permission to employ emacuces •"rom the Jerome and Rohwer rc-JT- calion centers in Southeast Arkansas. One application involved a war project. "I have not changed my mind in the least," Adkins said. "If they want to employ them oulside Ar- J iansas il is all right but as a mutter of policy 1 am not going lo recommend thai the Japanese, xvurk in any capacity in Ihia alalt." Five Arkonsans Listed As War Casualties Washington, May 5 —(/!';— Five Arkansans were included today in i list made public by the War De- jnrtment of 473 United Stales soldiers wounded in action in the Asiatic, European, North African, Pacific and Soulhwesl Pacific areas. All Ihc Arkansans were wounded in North Africa. They were: Slaff Sgl. William A. Gibson, son :>I Mrs. William A. Gibson, El Dorado. Pfc. Paul N. Moss, son of Mrs. Mary P. Moss, 1819 Olvicr SI., Pino Bluff. Sgt. Ned Penrod, son of John W. Penrod Coll. Pvt. Roger D. Scarborough, son )t Omcr Scarborough, Mountainburg. Pvt. Cecil Smith, son of Mrs. Euphie West, Walnut Grove. J. D. Jackson Is Prisoner of Germans Pvt. John D. Jackson, husband of Mrs. Lucille Loc Jackson, formerly of Blcvins, who on February Hi was reported missing in action in North Africa, is a prisoner of the Germans, il was learned loday. The information came by letter via the American . Red Cross written by Pvt. Jackson in a German prison camp. By EDDY GILMORE Moscow^ May 5 — (/P) — Ground fighting northeast of Novorossisk mounted loday, keeping pace wilh the Icrrflic air battles in the Kuban valley In which the German air force is reported lo have losl more than 125 planes in the last two clays. The heavy weight of Soviel artillery is pounding the Nazis northeast of the Black Sea porl which still is German held, although the Russians havc been soulh and casl of Novorossisk for some lime. The lasl published Soviel war fronl map showed Ihc Red Army line stretching northward from the Black Sea to the Sea of A'/.ov across Ihc Kuban delta, bul with a considerable bulge in the middle of the line. H is no tun likely thai the most serious current fighting is going on along Hiis bulge. The territory bisects a highway and railway loading into Novorossisk from other Caucasian connections. (The Germans acknowledged a forced wilhdrawal 20 miles above Ihc porl of Novorossisk and Ihc loss to the Russians of Ihc town of Krymskaya, only 17 miles norlh- casl of Ihc Naval Base. (The Berlin radio said Ihe Germans retreated "after withstanding heavy Soviet attacks in the Kuban delta for four days" and declared Ihc new Na/.i positions were jusl. west of Krymskaya, The Russian communiques recorded in London from Moscow broad- 'casts by Ihe Soviet radio monitor were not so specific.) It the Red Army is able lo drive forward from this northeastern sector Ihc Germans will be badly hampered in the port itself. There has been no official word here dial the Germans have been driven from Krymskaya but there is very reason to believe il is true. The ctiy i:; an important railway and road junction which connects Novorossisk wilh Krasnodar and with the Kuban shore of the Kerch Strait. The Russian troops in the Kuban arc getting a great deal of United Stales military supplies because of better communications. The Russian Army Newspaper Red Star said that big air battles now are being waged over Ihc enemy's positions, signifying the initiative remains wth the Russans who havc carred Ihe bailie inlo the enemy camp. r 6jF*&tttt£^$$3S ALUID THRUSTS .. .jl AXIS-HELD AM A I0-Miles From Port, 5 Miles From Ferryville Today's war map shows the American forces in Africa advancing past Mateur and threatening to flank the town of Tebourba. Smart Field to Be Extended to Nevada Camdcn, May 5 —(A't — An extension of Ihc Smart field into adjoining Nevada county has been effected with the completion by Crow and O'Farrlcl of their W. T. Gutlry C-afor whal appears to be a good producer from the Tokio sand a I 2,560 feel. This is Ihe firsl producer for the Nevada county sector of the Smart, field and may mean much new drilling in the Nevada area. Bailing slarled a few days ago. The basing was perforated a I Ihe 2,500- tool level. The well is in section 2-15-20 across the country line from Stephens . Ousting Enemy From Aleutians to Be Big Job Washington, May !> — V /IV- When the lime comes lo throw Ihc Japanese out of the Aleutian islands, authorities here agree, the job will have lo be done by American troops landing under fire and fighting with guns, bayonet and grenade until the last enemy surrenders or dies. The blow might fall this spring or summer. II is certain lo fail when the Pacific war reaches a point where Kiska would be useful as a base for American operations, such as air attacks on the Kuriles islands string out north of Japan proper. Despite months of bombing, the Japanese are believed to be firmly entrenched on Kiska and their supporting base on Atlu island, 180 miles lo Hie west. The aerial poundings lo which the havc been subjected are not and cannot be sufficiently heavy lo force them to withdraw. Yet the bombings constantly consume their resources, and evidence thai al limes Ihey may be hard- pressed was seen in yesterday's disclosure of the size of the warship escort with which they unsuccessful! tried to push through two transports lale in March Those two ships, earring supplies and possibly fresh troops were guarded by two heavy cruisers, two lighl cruisers and six destroyers. Although badly outnumbered, an American force of one heavy cruiser, one light cruiser and four destroyers intercepted the expedition on March 20, damaged the two heavy cruisers and one of the light, cruisers and forced Ihe unemy lo retreat \ American casualties were lighl, said a Navy communique which de- lailed the action. Half-Holiday Here Every Wednesday Hope business houses have voted to close their doors for H half-holiday every week, closing each Wednesday afternoon at 1 o'clock, beginning next Wednesday, May 12. The closing order. applies In practically all business lines, there being in the neighborhood of 70 signatures of business houses to the petition, which was circulated in advance of a merchant's meeting held yesterday afternoon under the auspicics of the Chamber of Commerce. Drugstores, which have to take care of emergency calls, arc understood to be working out a separate agreement which will provide that one of the five local drugstores will remain open Wednesday afternoon and Ihc other four closing. The "stay open" assignment will be rotated among the five drugstores from week to week. Bnl the one that, docs remain open will not observe the usual night hours for drugstores, closing at 6 p. ni. instead, on Wednesday. Gen. Andrews 1)ies in Iceland "Plane Accident By The Associated London, May 5 Lieut. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, commander of all American Army troops in the European (healer of war, and Methodist, Bishop Adna Wright Leonard of Washington, representing 31 American Proteslanl denominations in an inspection lour of U. S. troops abroad, wore killed Monday in Iceland in Hie crash of an Allied plane which was re ported to havc had other high-ranking U. S. Army officials aboard. Andrews' headquarters here said in an official announcement early today that "full information concerning the accident is not yet available" but disclosed Iho piano Largest Group RAF Planes Blast Rhur London, May f> (/Pj— The larg- ccst forse of four - cngined dombers yet senl over Germany dropped nearly 1,500 Ions of bombs lasl night on Dortmund, industrial Ruhr valley city near Essen, an RAF commentator said today. The air ministry said Ihe "very heavy" saturation attack cosl Ihc British 30 bombers. This loss was not considered excessive and the spokesman reiterated the ratio of losss in this year's attacks mi Germany were on about half those of 1942, despite stiffer defense. The bomb w c i g h I virtually equalled the 1,500 - ton load dropped on Cologne last year by 1,001) bombers. The Dortmund blow, however, was struck by Ihc regular opera- lional squadrons of firsl - line planes wilhoul resorting lo two-en- gined bombers, second line planes and normally non - oherational air- crall which were pressed into scr vice to achieve Ihe record al Cologne. Dortmund, among oilier things, manufaclurse machine tools and produces gasoline. Extension Office Re-location Sought Little Rock, May 5 (/Pi Assistant. Extension Director Aubrey Gates was told today by Attorney General Guy Williams that DCS Arc was the official county seat of Prairie county and that the county extension oKice should be located there. Sees Industry Pushing State to the Front Hot Spring.-,,' May 5 (Special) A far-reaching post-war industrial program will push Arkansas forward in the nation, Col. T. H. Barton, of El Dorado, told delegates attending the 53rd annualt convention of the Arkansas Bankers Association here today at the Arlington hotel, but at the same time set forth four essentials which he said must, preface and then preserve Arkansas development in. the post-war era. Those prefaces, he said, were: I-The system, of enterprise must be retained and s'.rengthcnd. "You and I are going to see that State Socialism does not increase," he told the bankers, "but that Slates 'Rights, as provided by our Constitution, are fully regained and Jap Invasion Forces Blasted by the Allies By The Associated press Widespread Allied blows against Japan's invasion forces wore recorded loday, including a fire-selling raid on Ihc enemy base at Babo, Dutch New Guinea, and the sinking of two Japanese destroy- rs and four other ships by U. S. ubmarines in the Pacific. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's head- uarters said big American Liber- tor bombers, winging 1,400 miles ound trip across the Arafura sea rom Australia, flew through bad veather lo attack the airdrome at 3abo and shot down t wo ot six apanese float planes which rose to ntercepl. All Ihe Liberators return-id afely. Other Allied fliers pounded cne- ny barges off the Kai islands, off jolobau island, near New Britain, and in Kimbe bay , New Britain. The Navy said in addition to six Japanese ships sunk by American submarines, a seventh vessel, describd as a large transport, vas "damaged and probably sunk." On the Burma front, British headquarters said Field Marshal Sit Archibald P. Wavell's forces engaged infiltrating Japanese'troops n inconclusive action near the Maungdaw - Buthedaung Road where the enemy has bee n striking 'oward the Indian frontier. RAF warplanes were credited with inflicting "many casualties' on Japanese troops at a camp north of Rangoon, while other planes attacked river steamers and rail targets. forever maintained. We are deter- had fallen in "an isolated locality in Iceland," Klcpping-sloiio of the Allied norlhern air ferry route across Ihc Atlantic. The presence of Bishop Leonard on the piano was confirmed by the War Department in Washington, after his son, A. W. Leonard Jr., of Pittsburgh, Pa., disclosed In- had boon informed nf (ho bishop s death and declared Iho War Department lolii him "only <ino enlisted man" had ;; u rv i vcd Ihc crash. Bishop Leonard's presence aboard Iho plane was not mentioned in the original announcement here. Andrews was HIP righlh, ami highest - ranking, II. S. Army yon eral officer In be lost since the start of the war. He was a square - jawed, deeply tanned and hard - fighting man who was characfcrislically known among his men simply as "Ihc general." Fifty - nine year;; old. he had been an advocate for years of a big army air force and a champion of h r a v y four - rngi'ioil bombers. Ho was one of Ihe fow officers of his aye and rani; to holr 1 an active flying license. Andrews lold friends in (ho United Stall's who wanti'd him |o give up flying: "I dnn'l want to j u " be one of those generals who die ' '" in bed." mined that free enterprise under a sane gnvernmnt, shall be burs.." 2-A well-planned state economy, with progressive and capable k<=.y men, "which must, take into consideration the advancement of our educational system and the im provement of our highways. We inu^l SOP (hat. only necessary and constructive measures are passad by our legislature." 3—A sound financial bulwark which must be kept sound. "There mast be provided ways and moans to encourage private en- lerpriso in the development of our myriad natural resources, and foi attracting industry to our state.' That, he added, is the banker's job •1 Impressvic. adequate and truthful advertising of Akansas, its n-sources. products and potentialities "We must demand that equitable freight rales bp ours," the Colone declared. "Demand and insist tha' each and every one of your repre f-'C-nlatives — both state and na lion a I wage this fight until we are placed on an equal fooling will oilier sections for thp transports lion of our products, both natura and manufactured. We may t hav all Hie natural wealth in the world bul if we cannot bring in supplies r .ship out our produce and com nmditics on a competitive basis Bishop Leonard had just ( . um . ! ^'f sul ler a serious handicap, pletcd a tour of American troop i "' hc tlmc lo builcl tllc Bround centers in Groat Britain and j work lo1 ' '""' l ) " s( -wa'' expansion i Northern Ireland and was sched- now Under conditions which havi uled to visit, other American con- | |H '°" " ulI ""' f1 llcrc - ollr sl:lto shou1 ' cenlrations in North Africa and j <'*pcncncc a growth and develop the Middle East. Whether he was ' mo . nl s '"' h ;lfi we hilvo never knowr en route lo Hie latter centers ,;i-i ljcll "' t 'was planning to visit Annie,m ' " Jl d " cs ""' ''cquirc much stud troops in Iceland was not made ! '" Disclose thai we havc shaken of clear. ""' lethargy thai was supposed t Leonard's son said Ihe M - year ' ho '""'* und havc »iude much pro old occupant of the highe.si position 1 W rt "'- s "" " llr " wn plantations anc kin the Methodist churi'ii. Ihe bis ' 1'vrsloek farms, at, well as in ii hopric al. the nation's capital - ; post, he had occupied since June, 1040 — had undertaken his visit lo American fighting men al '.he request, of President Roosc.'olt. Thousands uf British - made lend-lease barrage balloons now nrotcct the wenl cua.-.! of the United States. • — Africa By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Af- ica, May 5 — {/P)— Americans and Drench, smashing along the Medi- erranean toward Bizerte, have •cached a point only 10 miles from that naval base and other American forces closing in from Mateur lave driven to within five miles of Ferryville, Allied headquarters ad-' vices said today. Ferryville is 10 miles northeast ' of. Mateur and only eight miles across Lake Bizerte from the naval 33SC. The penetration to within artil- ery range of Bizerte was made after beating back a German counterattack at Djebel Cheniti, north of Lake Abhkel, one of the water defenses protecting the southern approaches to the naval base. Pushing out of Mateur to the east and southeast, the Americans also made a five-mile gain, and repulsed another light enemy counterattack launched from Djebel Mak- na, a ridge on tlie east side of the river Tine. In this thrust the Americans were aiming at Tebourba, 18 miles west o£ Tunis and about the same distance southeast of Mateur. Farther south, the Germans also lashed out in a strong counterattack east of Medjez-El-Bab, but 17 of their tanks walked into a British trap and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's communique said 12 of them were destroyed. Among 1he smashed tanks were two ' 60-ton Tigers, The -counterattack - ' ~' Americans May Have Occupied Easter Island Santiago, Chile, May 5 (&)— A ligh government source said today ie could not confirm Axis radio reports the United States had occupied Chilean Easter island in tne Sputh Pacific, bul unofficial quarters expressed belief the le- porls might be true. It was indicated an official statement might be forthcoming laier. The German - controlled Paris radio reported last night the occupation had been made with Chilean consent and said it had given the United States an "important air and Naval base." Three was no immediate comment from Washington). Easter Island, an area of about 45 square miles with thin poor sell, little water and scanty timber, has been an unorganized dependency of Chile since 1888, It is chiefly noted as the site of huge ston=pre- historic monuments and of tablets of curious writing deriving iiom Polynesian backgrounds. The wood-carving of Ih sance v. as chiefly in v, alnut. Presbyterian Deacon to Instruction School A School of Instruction for the Hoard of Deacons of the First Presbyterian Church, will be held Wednesday, 7:30 p. in. in the Educational building.'cntering from the West tide, all Uiacuiib are urged to attend. Graduation at Blevins School on Thursday Graduation exercises for the Blcvins senior class will be held Thursday night at 8 p. m. in the Blevins High School Gymnasium. Dr. Mall Ellis president of Henderson State Teachers College will address the graduates. The program follows: Processional—Mrs. L. J Brown Invocation—Morgan Griffith Salutatory Address—Ethel May Stone Class Song—by class Validiclory Address--Lois Phillips Address—Dr. Matt Ellis Presentation of Diplomas—M.. L. Nelson, School board secretary Presentation of awards—R. W. McCracken, superintendent. Benediction—L. O. Let- Australian steel works at Newcastle and Port Kembla produce more than 1,800,000 tons a year. , At the Pont Du Fans "hinge" be< ' tween the German western and southern fronts, the 19th French Corps of Gen. Louis Marie Koeltz were reported smashing ahead in a new offensive launched yesterday at dawn toward Zaghouan, strat- gic communication center which is dominated by the Djebel Zaghouan, 4,000-foot peak which it the highest in Tunisia. The communique said these 'orces cutting in behind the Gernan mountain front which faces en. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's still inactive British Eighth Army tvere meeting stiffening German resistance, but they gained two miles sy nightfall yesterday and were within eight miles of Zaghouan. The French crossed the Zavhou- an-Enfidaville road before meeting severe artillery fire and dense minefields. Zaghouan is about H miles east of Pont Du Faha, 24 miles northwest of Enfidaville and 28 miles south of Tunis. The Eighth Army's artillery con- :inued to pound the enemy forces facing it in the hills, and its patrols had several clashes with the enemy north of Enfidaville, As a result of the American- French advance along the Mediterranean, the northern shores of Lake Achkl were now almost entirely occupied by the Allies, who had reached the western slopes of Djebel Cheniti after stopping a comparatively feeble German counterattack. The main enemy activity yesterday was a vigorous counterattack against Lieut. Gen. K. A. N. Anderson's British First Army 11 miles northeast of Medjez-El-Bab. The Germans there tore in with tanks, infantry and heavy artillery fire but were held off. This effort and the stiffening resistance from that sector south and east to the coast indicated the enemy was most determined to keep the way open for his retreat into the hills of Cap Bon peninsula for his last stand in North Africa. The fact resistance in the south was stronger than in the north suggested he intended to attempt a fight on. the peninsula even it forced to give up Tunis and Bizerte. A measure of the fighting in Ihis area was Iho announcement of the British Firsl Army, fighling from Medjcz-El-Bab lo Pont Du-Fahs, that il had taken 5,000 prisoners, 4,000 ol them Germans, since April 21 — on the eve of the current Allied offensive. Oil Industry Turns in Rubber Check Washington, May 5 — (fp) — The Petroleum Industry War Council today presented a total of $2,433.. 185 to four relief agencies, the proceeds of the scrap rubber drive conducted lasl summer. Four checks, each for $608.296.30 were presenled to the Red Ci;oss, 'he Army Emergency Relief, the Navy Relief Society, and th United Service Organizations. The presentation took place at a luncheon.

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