SEX SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND. MD., SUNDAY, OCTOBER 15, JA*c&#*/ Fir»t Biography of America's Groat Gonoral C*»yH«Bt, 1M4, AM Wo»ew«r* Milton ITALY SURRENDERS XXV Still the Badoglio government heid its silence. On Aug. 1 Allied planes bombed the docks at Naples and other point*. On the 8th Milan, Turin and Genoa were bombarded from the air and then, a» the Axis was frantically evacuating troops by th« Straits of Messina, Rome wag bombarded. auddenly, "the bombing raids quieted somewhat and It was apparent that something was about to happen. What was actually happening was revealed later. In two neutral countries Italian diplomats had approached British diplomats and Informed thenr of the Italian desire to make peace; also of Italy's complete inability to cope with the Germans still within Iwr borders. Of those moves the Germans were held completely in the dark. General Eisenhower went to Lisbon during this period and attended a metUng presided over by Sir Ronald H. Campbell and the American charge d'affaires. The representatives of the Badoglio government parleyed. They wanted conciliatory terms. There was but one answer from General Elsenhower and the Allied delegates: "Unconditional surrender!" The Italian representative, a general, left to_ go. back-to Rome for consultation. Because of the secrecy of his mission it took several days to reach the Eternal City. The Italian government sent back a second general; and to prove their good faith, the one-armed British general, Carton Dewiar. who had been an Italian prisoner since early in the war, went with him. The second Italian general went on to Eisenhower's African headquarters while the first returned to Lisbon with the reply that the Italian government could not act as a free agent- because of it? ties with Germany; therefore the armistice could not be announced prior to Allied landings on the Italian mainland. The Allied representatives Ignored the. protestations and demanded a definite yes or no within 24 hours. The answer came to Elsenhower's headquarters by a secret communications' route the next day, revealing that the Italians had ac-» cepted the Allied terms and that a. representative would return to tigu the armistice. • * * In tha presence of General Elsen- hower and Gen. Sir Harold B. L. G. Alexander, the armistice was signed on Sept. 3 by Gen. Bedell Smith, representing Eisenhower, and General Castellarso, representing Marshal Badoglio. With most of Italy Jn German hands. General Elsenhower decided to coincide the announcement of the armistice with the landings of his Allied troops at Naples on Sept. 3. The radio again was made an instrument of war and peace when its voice proclaimed the glad, tidings to tha Italian people waiting anxiously in their homes. This is Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander-ln-chlef of the Allied forces. The Italian government has surrendered its. armed forces unconditionally. As Allied Commander-in-chief I have granted a military armistice, the terms of which have been approved by the governments of the United Nations. Thus I am acting in the Interests of the United Nations. . . ." The message of Badoglio followed: "The Italian government, recognizing the impossibility :of continuing the struggle against the overwhelming power of the enemy, with the objept of avoiding further and more grievous harm to the nation, requested an armistice from General Eisenhower. This request has been granted, The Italian forces will, therefore, cease all acts o. r hostility against the Anglo- American forces wherever they may be met. They will, however, oppose attacks from any other quarter." • * * Repercussions of the armistice occurred swiftly. The Italian fleet dashed out to sea and surrendered to the Allies. Italy declared war oa Germany. Elsenhower had won another epoch-making victory. Through a masterly combination of military strategy and most skillful diplomacy he had forced Italy out of the Axis—the partner of Nazism was now its enemy. 'Hitler, in desperation, contrived a cunning coup to rescue his friend Mussolini, who was held by Badogllo under guard in prison. In a daring night raid the Italian guards were caught unaware. The emaciated and half-mad Mussolini was dragged from prison by Axis agents, carried to a waiting airplane, taken to Germany, and delivered to Hitler. In Italy the 71-year-old Marshal Badoglio was made premier by the king. Upon his new assumption ITSSOEASyfOMP UPOIO FURNITURE WITH-WATERSPW? ENAMEL Waterapar Enamel For furniture, woodwork, toy», etc. Quick drying, long lasting, easy to apply. S5.5Q tf$S '.Os-f J4i*i? TW* Auto Glass Broken? We'll quickly replace It with Duplate Safety Plats Glas*. Give your family the protection of fine safety glass. Full Length Mirrors Can ba attached to any door in IS min- utoj. 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Hitler, staggering under the collapse of Italy and the overpowering might of the Russians, who were driving steadily on toward their invasion of Germany, was besieged on two sides. He must fight off the Russian Juggernaut moving upon him from the east; he must fight Eisenhower's victorious forces moving upon him from the south. . Eisenhower was poised for the next blow, THE END OF THE WORLD XXVI The fall of Mussolini and the surrender of Italy were but the prologue to the great drama soon to be enacted on the stage of history- Seventeen days after the conquest of Sicily, and timed with the Italian surrender, the curtain rose for the next act. The German invaders must now be driven from the Italian homeland. Eisenhower knew the Axis, now revolving on but one wheel in Europe, would throw all the forces It could rally against the Allies in an attempt to keep the battleground in Italy, rather than to fight on Gentian soil. But the war in the air upset his plan. Germany was being devastated by British aftd American bombers bated on England, aeriin was already in ruins. Every large city in Germany was in shambles; millions were homeless. The Invasion of Europe through Italy was begun. The veterans of the British Eighth Army, which had lought its way' across the African deserts, stormed across the Straits of Messina into the toe of Italy on Sept. 3. 1943. With them were the doughty Canadians. They landed on the west coast of the Province of Calabria in the Marina di Gallico section under an air umbrella and pulverizing bombardments from air, sea. and land. Powerful aerial forces were softening up the attack along the Italian roads. American and British warships sent high explosives into key targets. Elsenhower threw a stream of reinforcements and supplies across the .Straits of Messina. American Commando troops established their footholds. Allied planes bombed Naples. The battle for Salerno raged fiercely. Gen. Mark Clark, American commander of the Fifth Army, Informed Eisenhower, "We have arrived at our initial objective—our beachhead is secure. Additional troops are landing every day, and we are here to stay. Not one foot of ground will be given up." • • 4 In the Fifth Army were many Italian-American boys whose fathers had come from the villages, towns and cities they were now storming—Salerno, Taranto, Sorento. Fighting their way along the coastal load skirting Mount Vesuvius, and breaking through the mountainous barriers, led by British tanks, they entered Naples on Oct. 1, shortly before dawn, 22 days after YES SIR YOUVE GOT A REAL LONG LASTIN'JOB HERE-THIS IS PITTSBURGH PAINT SURE MAKES THE OLD PLACE LOOK LIKE NEW landing on the beachheads below Salerno. • • : The scene be/ore them was one of desolation. The city had been devastated by lire and explosions and the population had fleid Into the mountains. The harbor was lull of sunken ships. Deserted by the Nazis, who had left the •wreckage behind them, the Neapolitans began to return to their city to greet the Americans and British as their liberators.. The name of Eisenhower to thw« beleaguered people assumed a greatness equal to that of Garibaldi; There was singing once more in the streets of Naples and the so\md of the guitars. These peace-loving folk, who had been victims of the machinations of Mussolini and Hitler, could laugh again. They greeted Americans, who had com* to help drive the Nazis from their sacred soil, as brothers. ( Eisenhower's boys looked up In wonderment at the grim Mt. Vesuvius growling and groaning in the distance. Huge clouds of smoke and flame poured from Its crater. • The grumbling volcano, ruling through the aeons, seemed to resent mere humans engaged in warfare. Peasants prophesied that old Vesuvius would yet enter World War n, as a victor, and exclaimed, "First it was 21 years of Pasclomo. Then it was the Germans. Then It was the Allied bombers. And now Vesuvius. Mamma mial It is the end of the world 1" • » * The forces of Elsenhower moved slowly forward until they were fighting along the banks of the Volturno, under heavy fire from German artillery and tanks. They we're now on the Capua-Pormia road to Rome, fighting their way village by village. Mud, rain and mountainous terrain challenged their advance. Floods turned, the battle romd* Into *lm«ct quagmim .through which -tanks could not pass. ' American soldiers in Sicily and at their b**ee along th«\old battle routes'to-north Africa/-and men aboard ships in the fleets of the Navy, stood inspired as the message . of General Eisenhower, ad> dressed to all the American military and civil personnel in , th« Mediterranean,- was broadcast on Nov. 5. "During the year Just' pust you but written * mwaorabl* 'chapter in the history of Ansertc*n arms, a chapter in which >r» recorded deeds of valor, of endimmjj and of unswerving loyalty. '•' „-••.-••• .'Trom my heart, I think each of you fop: the services you have so well performed in the air, on the sea, in the front lines, and in our. ports and bases', , "But we miut now look forward, because for us there can be no thought of turning, 1 back until our Usk has b*en fully accomplished. With the gallant and powerful Ruj- sian Army pounding the European enemy oh tho.east j»nd with growing (Coaiiaued on'ragt 7, .'Co/, zj ATFHUT MNOFA Carver High School Prttentt ROLAND HAYES WorW famous Ttnor REGINALD BOARDMAN AT THE HAMO DIRECT FROM CARNEGIE HALL illegally High School Auditorium 8:15 Thursday, iNovember 16 ADMISSION 51.20, $1.50, $i.ao Onci. Call 3034-M Day 1954-R Night — Mail Orders P.O. Box 182 Come to Headquarters for Top-Notch PAINT VALUES No matter what kind of painting job you have in mind for your house—inside or out, from roof to cellar floor —we hove the Pittsburgh Paint that will give you a long- lasting, money-saving [ob. 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