Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 4, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, May 4, 1943
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The By fine of Drpendabi/ify ^1===^:==.=^=--^, VOLUME 44—NUMBER 171 Hope 1J -Wlf Star The Weather Arkansas: Warmer tonight except little temperature change In the extreme northwest portion. Star of Hope, 1899; Press, I9J7. Consolidalcd January IS, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Americans Near Ferryville ___ , >—.—_____ _ Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN 4 Progress of the War Thrust Against Italy or Spain? How long will the war last? I overheard a couple of men d.'.scussing this point in a restaurant. They probably had all t?iSi facts you and I have, and their conclusion went as far as human logic permits. Said one man: Struggle for Big Kuban Delta Is in Full Swing —Europe -T!y EDDY GILMORE "Moscow, May 4 (/P)—The balllc for the Kuban delta, an area reaching roughly from Novorossisk on the Black Sea northward lo the Sea of A/.IIV, is in full swing and il is ij;^ unlikely this is the beginning of nTe groat struggle of the summer. Both sides apparently fought behind strong fortifications and managed In hold their ground positions without ehanuc in the last few day;; by I a Ta.ss dispatch from tnc itiban lold of another gigantic air battle wcsl of Krasnodar, wilh the Soviet ail-men shooting dow n 54 their own in two days. This was the second Urn • lhat Ihe Germans have aUcni(/«.d lo strike j») '.lie Krasnodar region since the resumption of spirited warfare in the Kuban — and this campaign finds Soviet aviation abi.: to meet every challenge of the Get man air fo'-cc, wilh American-mad? planes (•Jirrying Ihcir ioad in Ihe still indc- t.iSivc fighting. • ...,..,-... There was increased activity in other sectors of the fro/i*.. wilh 'he Russian air force making Itself Icll by raids on Gcrma,, communications and airdromes. * i ••KThe iiiissian midriav communi- que <u § .xcordcd in London by the Sovifl radio monitor from a Moscow broadcast, did nol mention any fighting ii, the Kuban .Inrinr; the night, although the mid'iigl:'. corn- sgymiquo had lold of 000 moro Ljnr- mans lieiny slain in violent, fighting, brimj their toll to nearly H.'.iOO in re'v.'iil days. iTIu; Cionnan communique, as broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated'. I'rOFS, '\Rfserted that Ihe Soviet Armies I continued lo allack the Axis Kuban i bridge.iead heavily bul unsucce.'-f- : fully yesterday. German big guns I shelled war factories in Leningrad, : Ihe communique claimed.) Stores to Close on Wednesday P. M. i Hope merchants in a meeting al ' Qf£ chamber of Commerce office • uus afternoon voted lo close bus• iness houses each Wednesday after- j noon. The meeting was attended by ; all Hope merchants. J The first day of closing will be | Wednesday, May 12. | U. S. Naval Force I Beat Off Jap Force i | Washington, May 4 — (/P) — An I i^morican light Naval force, outnumbered two to (wio, repelled a Japanese supply expedition west of the Aleutian Islands March 26, the Navy reported loday, and damaged at least two enemy heavy cruisers 'yd one light cruiser. Uniled Stales ships suffered only minor dainagc and casualties to personnel were extremely light, a Navy communique said. The hatlle slarlcd shorlly aflcr jliiwn and lasted three and a half T/uirs. It ended when daring destroyers made a torpedo attack on the Japanese and the enemy wilh- drcw. There was no doubl among authorities here thai the aim of the .^ipanese force was to land sup plies and possibly reinforcements on their bases in the Aleutians, Kiska and Atlu. Bankers to Meet Hot Springs, May 4 (/P) The annual convention of the Arkansas Bankers Association will open here tonight wilh a meeting of the executive committee. It will close Thursday, wilh eleclio n of officers *' Jr the new year. Marriage Suits Them CARLSBAD, N. M,—(VP>— After !• :ing married for 13 years, a *e»uple came to Probate Judge J. T. Hardin and asked him to perform another ceremony, Thiey had found their 1930 marriage papers were made out. incorrectly. "I don't sec how we can get il over wilh this year. It may be summer before we've finally thrown those guys out of Africa. Then it'll take several monlhs 10 'mop up' Africa. By that lime 11 will bo winter again— so we can't expect Ihis war lo end before ID'14 al Ihe earliest" As I wrile Ihis Ihc North African silualion gives every indication of an early climax, wilh the British, Americans and French converging on both Bi/.crlc and Tunis. Their fall may be only a matter of this month— but thai doesn't change the picture a grcal deal. H has been estimated lhat Ihc Uniled Nations would invade Europe with nol less than half a million men, plus another half million instantly available for replacement of casualties and for enlarging the original force once il has established beach-heads. If Ihc invasion Iry is aclually made from North Africa, that would mean provisions and supply lines for a minimum of a million soldiers. That wo don'l have anything like thai size force in North Africa al present is due to the fact that you can't risk huge piles of reserve material in a country where the war is still being fought. A sudden enemy raid might prove disastrous. The problem, therefore, is once more a problem of lime. Time, aflcr we have finally swcpl Ihc Axis out of North Africa, to pour in men and supplies and prepare embarkation ports—making Africa a vast armed camp for Ihe invasion ol Europe. So il may well be that we shan't gel around lo aclually striking al Europe until 1044—if the invasion base is Africa. There arc olhci possibilities, however. Africa has been the historic lak- ing-off place for invasion of Italy bul Ihe hisloric invasion road leading lo France has been Ihc roac across Ihc Pyrenees mountains lying between Spain and France. I was Ihis road lhal the Moors camt up and llircatoned to add all Europe lo Ihe realm of Ihe Prophet, unli Charles Marlel of France dcfealcr lliem in Iho battle of Tours in 7H2. Our problem is to make a landing in Europe, cffcclivcly and wilh a minimum of losses. The dictator government of Spain is outwardly hostile lo us, though (he Spanish people arc supposed lo be republican. If Ihe Spanish government stays with its Halo-German contracts there is one more possibility. We might get onto the European mainland by a peaceful "deal" wilh Portugal, ancient friend of the British, a maritime nation thus far independent of Axis influence. The Allies might make a thrust through Portugal, declare war on Spain, and, trusting to the Spanish people to rise against Dictator Franco, push on up the Pyrenees mountains ;md into southern France. Men and supplies for a Portugal- Spain allack may be available right now in England, for all we know—and .such an allack could come this year, either with or wilh Ickes Places All Miners on 6-Day Working Week —Washington Washing ton, May 4 —(/I')—Fuels Administrator Ickcs today ordered a six-day week throughout the coal mining industry as work generally was rc.-aimcd after a Week-end strike crisis. The order was telegraphed to approximately 3,850 mine operators now running their properties as agents for Ihe government. Ickcs said mines failing to operate .six days weekly would suffer cancellation of Ihe price celling increases granted them by the Office of Price Administration to cover the added coals of overtime pay. Ickcs' order to mine operators went out as the first day of a two- week temporary truce found the miners busily digging the war vital fuel with Uncle Sam as their new boss. The fuel administrator's directive said: "Since maximum prices have recently been increase! by the Office of Price Administration to permit operations of mines on a six-day week work basis you are to afford miners an opportunity to work six :lays each week and are lo oper- ite mines under your charge on hat. basis and to pay time and one- lalf or rate and one-half for six lay of work as heretofore agreed ipon by collective bargaining and previously cleared by War Labor Board. "The government is relying upon you and all miner employes to exercise utmost effort in maintaining and increasing production of coal .so vital lo the winning of the war. "If for any justifiable physical or operating reason a six-day week basis is not feasible, timely application for cxcmploin from this directive "m&p'be made together with full supporting statement with underlying reason.'!. "I intend lo recommend to the Office of Price Administration that, the increase in maximum prices for six-day week operation be rescind- Russell Islands Are Occupied by Americans Washington, May 4 —(/I 1 )—American forces extending their hold on the Solomon Islands, have occupied the Russell islands which lie immediately northwest of Gpadal- canal, the Navy reported today. The Russell group, which includes two main islands, lies only 18 miles from the northwestern tip of American occupied Guadalcanal at its nearest point. The group is less than 100 miles from points in the Central Solomons, such as Viru harbor and Rckata Bay, from which the Japanese arc known to have operated. Navy spokesman declined comment on the operation, which was carried out in February after enemy resistance ceased on Guadalcanal, but presumably the Russell bases serve as outposts for American positions on that occupied island. Occupation of the Russell islands Axis Predict Sardinia, Sicily Invasion Soon was the second such move lo be announced in the lust two weeks. On April 23, the Navy reported that Marine forces had moved into the Kllicc islands in the south central Pacific, thus gaining a base of operations much nearer Japanese centers in the Gilbert island group. The kind of fortifications being set up on Russell islands was not disclosed. Apparently Ihe islands would lend Ihemsclvcs to flight strip construction, although such an establishment might not be necessary since they lie near enough lo the air field on Guadalcanal lo have fighter protection from there. This occupation conslilulcs the first expansion lo be reported in the Solomons since American forces moved in there August 7, aside from Ihe consolidation of their hold on Guadalcanal. Plant Seizure Bill Held Up by Amendments ed as to any mine which fails comply with this directive." to Washinglon, May 4 —(/I 1 )— Carloads of hard and soft coal rolled out of the country's mines again today — bul Ihe key lo the labor crisis which closed Ihe industry's doors during the weekend stil! was missing. The first day of a two-week temporary truce found Ihe miners busily digging the war vital fuel wilh Uncle Sam as their nesv boss. But the issue of who will handle permanent sctllcmcnl of (he wage dispute which brought the weokend out a thrust from Italy. Africa against. Court Ruling May Affect Local Case Litllc Rock, May 4 —(/I 1 )— A U. S. Supreme Court ruling yesterday lhat municipal license taxes on sale of religious literature viloaled constitutional guarantees of freedom of the press, speech and re- lilion may have decided three similar cases pending in Ihe Arkansas Supreme Court, court attaches said today. The cases involve city ordinances at Helena, Hope and Sheridan imposing license fees for peddlers. In all three eases lower courls have sustained fines imposed for sales of religious pamph- lels in alleged violation of the ordinances. The Arkansas Tribunal had passed the Helena and Hope cases pending the U. S. Supreme Court decision. The Sheridan case was appealed last week. Ordinances in which the U. S. Tribunal made its ruling were challenged by Jehovah's Witnesses. Approximately every fifth bullet fired from American machine guns is a tracer bullet. Continued on Page Five Boy Dies When Run Over by Big Truck McGchco, May 4 (/I 1 )— Tossed in front of a passing truck when his bicycle and one ridden by a playmate collided, James Warren Lillle, seven - year old Pine Bluff lad. was killed near here yesterday. .l.-mio.s. Kent Bishop. 10, and Melvin McCloy, 7, wore racing their bicycles on U. S. (ifi when Ihe whells ridden by young Little and Bishop collided. James was hurled Imosl 20 fool, when struck by tin 1 truck and died cnroule lo a physician. Stale Patrolman Glenn Gar- rcll described the accident, and unavoidable. The Bishop boy injured his arms and wrenched a knee. James was Ihe son of Mrs. Lillie Mao Lillle, Pine Bluff, and the grandson of Nighl Marshal Henry llessclrode, McGchce. A Whacky' Week In Tenessee Knoxville, Twin. I/I') — A week of cli/./.y-doings in East Tennessee: A chick was hatched in Chal- tanooga wilh three legs. A couple asked the Knox County Court clerk for their marriage certificate, which couldn't be found on the records. The "newlyweds" were shocked lo learn — r-fter explaining their marriage license was stolen the night before the "weding" along wilh the "bride's" purse — lhat they weren't legally married at all. The mare on Willson Ranch near Athens gave birth to twin mule colts, an event that accurs but once in several thousand such occasions. A Johnson City lad. only 12 years old. otalanicd permission from his parenls lo ride a slreamliner Irain lo Knoxville and back just for the thrill of it. His imagination got the best of him and he caughl a truck ride from Knoxville to Tallahassee Fla.. before homesickness caught up with him. On the return trip, he collapsed from hunger in Atlantic. A lamb in an Sast Tennessee county was discovered—without uny hooves. Washinglon, May 4 (/I'j—A ;-,wifl frestcsl of amendments loday complicated lhat Senate's efforts to rewrite the Connally plant sci/ur bill and there were reports most Republicans might join in a move lo send the measure back to committee for renewed study. While Senator Connolly < D-Tex) 'expressed determination to obtain a vole on the bill, Senator Tafl (R-Ohio) lold reporters he thought the Senate ouehl nol lo try lo write "what amounts lo anti-strike legislation" in a floor battle where amendments often are haeti drawn and, he said, adopled without full realization of their effect There wore indications thai if « move to recommit develops, il would have the backing of some administration members who have nol been enthusiastic about the leg islation. , Connally has proposed lo ainenc his bill, which authorizes govern mcnl seizure of struck mines 01 war plants, lo provide criminal pen allies for an person instigating ; work sloppagc al an plant whicl has been taken over. Senator Recc (R-Kan) has said he will seek t( go much further by making simila penalties applicable in all wa plants and mines, whether seized by Ihe government or not, Taft. announced he is drafting at War Labor Board statutory juris diction lo settle labor disputes an< Mystery of R Street House to Be Aired Washington, May 4 — (/I 1 ) — A Jromisc by the mystery man of R street lo tell congressional war contract investigators .. all about his dinner parties for Washington of "icials brought this comment today from a source close lo the House Military Committee: —e,"Maoyi0t,the.bJghorups in Washington won't sleep well if they think he really will tell all." The .informant declined lo elabor-' alc but suggested that tomorrow's committee hearing, at which John Monroe of the R slrcct house will be given another chance to teslify, might prove interesting. At his first appearance last week Monroe refused lo answer questions about himself or social activities al his fourstory hoine in the heart of an exclusive residential area. Another witness, Mrs. Eula Smith, also declined lo la lie about Ihe R .street house. Both she and Monroe said they were acting on advice of counsel. Chairman May (DKy) said the committee would recommend contempt action if they persist in their refusal lo talk when they rae called again tomorrow, although he said h<> understood that Monroe had decided lo become more valuable. Published stories have linked '••"rne of Iho biggest names i official Washinglon wilh social affairs :il Monroe's home, including Ihosc of War Production Chief Donald M. lo enforce ils decisions. His amend i Nelson, Secretary of Ihe Navy By THe Associated Press The German conlrolled Vichy radio loday told of Allied seaborne movements at Gibraltar and off Algeria and suggested that a large scale invasion attempt against Sicily and Sardinia was imminent. The two islands, major bases of supply for the Axis'Armies in Tunisia, would form convenient step- pingslones across the Mediterranean for Allied thrusts against Italy or the socalled "soft under belly" of Europe. While American troops threatened to stove in the enemy's whole northern /.one of defens in Tunisia, Axis nitrts over a possible Allied invasion of Europe rose to a crescendo. The German military commenla- | lor, Capt. Ludwig Serlorius, said powcr'ul Allied forces, held in reserve, might strike immediately at Sardinia and Sicily without waiting for Ihe end of the Tunisian campaign. Serlorius said the American Fifth Army under Lieut.Gen. Mark W. Clark had been withheld in Algeria and Morocco nad trained as the nucleus of several Allied Armies for use in "a largescale landing action." At the same lime, Premier Mussolini was reported to have sent an urgent new appeal to Hitler for aid to repel a possible invasion of Italy from the south. Axis broadcasts last week declared lhat a giant armada of Allied batlleships, aircraft carriers, transports and supply ships was moving eastward into the Mediterranean from Girballar. Pass Captured Maleur in Push Toward Bizerte Ship, Plane Production Sets Record mcnt also would provicc penalties for union members who struck while a case still is under considcr- alion. Connally himself has moved lo give Ihc WLB statutory authority and Senator Wagner (D-NY) lias proposed thai il be authorized lo exercise subpoena powers where a labor union or employer declines to submit a case, as President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Work crs did in the soft coal wage dis- pule. Wilh all of Ihese and more amnndenls in sight, members pointed out thai il was difficult to predict what, final form the legisla- lion might lake. In any event it was expected that pirited opposition would be forthcoming from or- gani/.ed labor to most of Ihe drastic proposals lhat ha<re made. Japs Claim Big Toll of U. S., Shipping By The Associated Press j The Japanese press carried claims today lhal 50,000 Ions of Allied shipping all of which it asserted carried arms, munitions and other supplies — had been sunk by Japanese submarines and Navy planes in the Southwest Pacific during the last nine days. There was no Allied confirmaliun of the claims, repeated in a Trans '. ocean news agency broadcast by ; the Berlin radio and recorded by ! the Associalcd Press. ' j The Japanese newspaper Asahi j said that since the first atlack on ' Oro Bay in New Guinea, Japanese submarines had sunk upward of 220,000 Ions of enemy shipping. All of Ihe Tokyo press hailed the figures as indicating a far reaching plan to cut off Australia's communications with the United States and at the same time to crush the resistance of the Allied Air Force. Hemp, grown for its fiber, reaches a height of from seven to ten feet. Knox, Selective Service Director '-lorshev Unbhor Administrator Jeffers, and Rep. John W. McCor- m'ack, House majority leader. llershey and McCormack declined comment. McCormack said lie had mol Monroe "casually around 1he capilal, bul 1 hardly know him." Nelson and Jeffers dccjared they had "never been in the house." Scrctary Knox in a "memorandum to the press," said he had attended a party at the I? street house last March 25 bul declared there was no talk of "matters even remotely related lo war contracts." And the Armv Chief of Ordinance Maj. Gen. L. II. Campbell, Jr.. volunteered that he had partaken of southern fried chicken at. Monroe's house and pronounced il delicious. Also under rail for tomarrow's session is A. Bonnotl Fey, who formerly represented a Pawtuckel, 1 R. 1., manufacturing concern. It • was Bonnet! who told the committee last week ho had met. Army (and Navy officers ;il the II streel j house and identified checks for I *3.300 which he said he gave Mrs. Smilh for "re-search" work Mrs. Smilh had dune for him. - ~^». t **n - -June 14, Proclaimed Flag Day by President Washinglon. May 4 — i/Pi— President Roosevelt loday proclaimed June-14 as Flag Day and Msked the people to fly the stars an.l stripes Ihis ye;ir ;ilong wilh the flags of the United Nations where feasible. "We know that our flag is noi fighting alone," he said. "This year the flags of 32 United Nations are marching together, borne forward by the braver of free men. Together they arc the emblem of a gathering offensive that shall liberate the world. "As brothers in arms, we of the United Nations have pledged to one another our mutual strength until total victory is won and peace as- i sured." Showdown on Tax Plan Near, Tempers Flare By FRANCIS M. LE MAY Washingon, May 4 —(/P)— Tempers flared anew today as the House neared a showdown vote on pay-as-you-go taxation, and the heat subsided only after Speaker Rayburn (D-Tex.l ruled thai one member in calling another a "demagogue" had violated House rules. The chamber turned to a debate on "dcmaguery after Rep. Patman (D-Tex.) had shouted that adoption of the Ruml plan lo skip an entire income tax year might result in imposition of a federal relail sales lax and bring dangers of runaway inflation and printing press money." Rep. Knutson (R-Minn.), leading the Republican fight for the Ruml plan, challenged Patman's statement, and when the Texas asked Knutson to yield the floor briefly, the Minnesolan responded: "1 do not yield to any more demagogues." Patman immedialey challenged the Ntaotemcnl, and a dictionary was brought into the chamber by Rep. Ditter (R-Pa.) who read from (lie definition that a demagogue "is a leader, orator, popular with n r idenified wilh the people." Re|i. Rankin (D-Miss.) insisted thai Ditter did not read all the definition — "the lower bracket definition." Thereupon Ditter argued lhat it could not be proved that Knutson referred— to Pamtan offensively. Finally. Rayburn after looking into previous ruling by the chair, said thai Knutson's statement "did not avoid personalities" and therefore was contrary to house rules. Knutson then received unanimous consent that his remark be stricken from the record, and the House, after 15 minutes delay, resumed ils tax debate. The chamber cxpcclccl to dispose of Ihe sizzling issue today, and it was still anbod's guess as lo what plan woud be produced and how Ihe pockelbooks of 44,000,000 income laxpayers would be affected. Norphlet Ensign Is War Casualty Washington, May 4 tA'i — The Navy announced loday 14 casual lies, all men lisled as missing. This brings to 24.S05 the total of Navy. Marine Corps and Coast Guard casualties reported to next of kin since December 7, 1941. The grand total includes 7,176 dead, 4, 6B4 wounded and 13,065 missing. The casualties annon dcueotda The casualties announced today include Ensign Alvin Leycester Washington, Ma 4 —(/P)— Record-breaking production totals in aircraft, warships and merchant vessels were rolled up in March, Donald M. Nelson reported today, but first-quarter arms output still fell far short of the rate needed to meet military plans for 1943. Aircraft output soared to 6,200 planes and heavy four-cngined bombers topped the 500-a-month rate for the first time, the War Production Board chairman disclosed in his ninth and most detailed monthly produclion report. Naval and cargo ship construction was "the greatest on record," Nelson said, noting the completion of the 45,000-ton battleship Iowa in March and hinting that more are coming . Overall munitions output in March was 11 per cent above February, although the' daily rate change was small because February was three days shorter. Taking the first three months together, however, Nelson was able to say: "In the first quarter of 1943 we produced almost 18,000 artillery pieces, including more than 8,000 anti-tank guns. Our factories pace is accelerated 50 per cent beyond the first-quarter records, also turnc'd .out about 235,000.jna-, chine guns and.'more than 1,000,000 rifles and submachine guns." Nevertheless Nelson warned that steel production is nearing its peak and that the armament goals cannot be met unless the production pace is accelerated 50 per cent b- yond the first-quarter records. "Munitions output for th first quarter of 1943 was only 18 per cent as output scheduled for the year," the report said, "indicating that average 2 per cent of program, or half again as large as in the first quarter, to meet schedules in accordance with military plans." Launching of 134 merchant ships in March indicated that American shipyards had reached a production rate of 18,000,000 tons a year— approximately the 1943 goal — although "subsequent months will have lo be at a higher rale lo reach Ihe year's objeclive." That a higher rale already has been achieved was disclosed in yesterday's report of the Maritime Commjsiqn that 157 merchant craft were delivered in April and that five launchings a day "now has become routine." Nelson quoted the commission as reporting, however, that "high rates of labor turnover were threatening seriously the shipbuilding program." The treasury and government corporations spent $7,112,000,000 in March for war purposes, a daily rate 4 per cent above February. -© ' —Africa By WILLIAM B. KING Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 4~(/P)— Swift - driving American troops, quick to capitalize on their middle position after the seizure of Mateur, pounded forward hard today on the heels of retreating Germans toward Ferry = ville, whish, is 10 miles to - the,' northeast and the dock area of the Naval base of Bzierte. At the same time other forces fanned out toward the southeast Varnedo, whose mother, Mrs. An drew J. Varnado lives at Norphlet, Ark. Patterson and Jeffers May Bury Hatchet Washington, May 4 —(/P>— Rubber Director Jeffers contended today that prosecution of the synthetic rubber program had "dragged forward" aviation gasoline production and said any curtailment of his program would be "a tragic reror." Accepting in "the same spirit in which it was made" Undersecretary of War Palterson's slate- ment yeslcrday lhat the two would work together to break botlle- nccks, Jeffers told the Senate Truman committee: "We are both struggling to win this war and have no other or personal motives." Asserting lhat lestimon heard during the committee's investigation of Patterson's charges thai preferences granted rubber had seriously interfered with 100 - oc- ed he and his associated "have done our job well — perhaps even too well," Jeffers added: "It is the first official commendation I have had since i have been in Washington. "The testimony has brought out that the forced progress of the synthetic rubber campaign has not delayed the manufacture of 100-oc- lane gasoline or escort vessels or aircraft or Merchant Marine. Rather the momentum of the rubber program has dragged forward all of these phases of \var." and smashed lo a point eight mU.es! soulh of Mateur toward the line of? the Tine river, only six miles northwest of Tebourba, the gate- was from Tebourba. (The British radio, in a broadcast recorded by CBS, said "long, range Allied guns now have Ferryville, on the southwest shore of Lake Bizerte, is about eight miles from the Naval base which is situated on the northeast shore. The broadcast said the Ameileans had "come up against a new line of resistance" in the advance on Ferryville.) In Ihe northeastward push, the Americans crossed the River Tine, despite the dstruction of a bridge by the withdrawing forces of Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim, and shoved on toward Ferryville. (The Tine, rising southwest of Mateur, flows northeastward a short distance east of Mateur and empties into the marshy land bor- , dering Lake Achkel,..one of the chain of lakes forming Bizerte's southern defenses.) To the north of Lake Achkel Jhe French African Corps jWith ,* its fierc'e"' MoVocirarT'" 'Goumiers * afld ' American elements prsssed in upon Bizerte's western hill defenses threatening to flank the lakes. > ' This force kept pace with the Americans, reaching a road June- " tion at the northwest corner of » Lake Achkel and continued to probe the thicket - covered higlii lands which cover the coastal belt' to Bizerte only 15 miles away. There was no indication as yet how far the advanced elements''of/ the American forces might be able to proceed toward Ferryville without meeting strong resistance. But high ground on the east side of the road a few miles from that objeci live afforded Ihe Axis an opportunity lo make a stand to protect, the approaches to Bizerte. The southern prong of the American offensive drove up the direct; road from Beja to Mateur, then turned south and east taward the Tine river. A ridge as well as the watercourse, howefer, intervened between the Americans and Tborba, the objective of the British First Army which has ingaged in a bloody fighting in the hills along the Medjerda valley to the west for the last two weeks. (The American approach on T- bourba from the north threatened' to outflank the Axis defenses in the Medjerda vally and open the way for a direct march by the British on Tunis.) Allied troops along the rest of the 125-mile front failed to match the: dramatic advances of the Amerir cans, but the British First Army made a slight advance in the hills 10 miles due north of Medjez-El-Ba on the flank of the Medjerda valley thrust. The British Tommies swept to the summits of Hills 443 and 416 in tile face of dogged Axis resistance, gaining about a rnile and a half in. a northeasterly direction. The remainder of the front, held by the British and French, was alive wiht artillery fire and patrolling, particularly as the Eighth Army's sector in Ihe south. i The British radio, in a FRENCH language broadcast recorded by the Federal Communications Commis- soin, said the Eighth Army had opened a new attack north of Takr- rouna, five miles northwest of En- fidaville on the east coast, with. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery signalling the offensive us us.Udl by a violent artillrey barrage.) The communique issued fiom Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's head,quarters described the American and French advances as covering "many miles." and said the enemy had been forced to 'evacuate all his forward positions" in the north after "10 days of relentless pressure and much heavy fighting." The Iwo drives of Ihe Americans and the third Ihrust by Ihe Freupb. and Americans along the Mediter^ ranean coast left some enemy troops stranded in their mountain strongholds in the Jefna area W.est of Mateur and an extensive ro,vuxd- up of prisoners was continuing. Several hundred already ha4 been captured. ; I » ti fr •i * ii

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