Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on May 3, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope •0OLUME 44—NUMBER 170 Star ol Hope, 1B99; Prrus, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Arkansas: Cooler in the north and central, slightly cooler in the extreme south portion tonight. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 3, 1943 (AP)—Means Associated Prcsj (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Min 0 Return to Work Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Lewis Backs Off But His Word Is Broken John I.. Lewis put off his coal miners' strike — grudgingly conceding a "15-day truce" — but only after a government order had been issued Saturday seizing the mines in the name 5! the United States, and only after President Roosevelt had been compelled to announce he was carrying the issue to the people in a radio address Sunday night. ' © All of which focuses attention on Judgment of $25,000 Cut in 'Half by Court The Little Hock, May 3 (/]'j — S.ii|>rcmo Court held today that a '.;.-!. r >,()()() personal injury damage judgment. awarded a Hot Springs residont in Clark circuit court was "grossly excessive" and directed tin' Tribunal to reduce it by half. ^The award went lo George •narretson who suffered a skull fracture and shoulder and hip injuries in a Ihrcc-autoniobilc accident on U. S. (i7 two miles south of Arkadclphia Sept. 20, 1941. Two persons were killed and one other Judgmenl in the case was ;igainsi John U. Oviatt, administrator of the estate of Mrs. Emma Tarnutzer of Ohio, driver of one of the three cars, and the Missouri pacific Railway. Mrs. Tarnulzcr •was killed instantly in the crash. The high court affirmed awards of 37,f>()0 to Ll. C. C. Garretson, Hot Springs, for death of his wife, Mrs. Helen Irene Jones Garretson; $5,000 to George Garretsun as acl- *JmVi;;li'a'toV of the estate of Mrs. Garretson, his daughter-in - law; $500 to Mrs. N. Paul Ruffing of near Texarkana, occupant ot a third car, lor personal injuries, and $211.i;i to Paul Ruffing for Damage lo his car. J. H. Lookadoo, Arkadclphia attorney, represented the plaintiffs. Witnesses testified Ihal the crash occurred when a dense pall of ,Timoke caused by burning of Mis- liouri Pacific right-of-way settled over Ihe highway and obstructed vision. Associated Justice Ed F. McFaddin, commenting on the $25,000 4 yiward lo Garretson, said: ' a George Garretson rccicved a verdict for $2!),000 and this verdict is grossly excessive to the amount of $12,5(10. It is true that he sustained a skull fracture and injury to his . boulder and hip, and also bruises Jml cuts. "There were two witnesses who testified Ihal George Garretson was li'rrihly injured. There wore four who testified lo the contrary. The actual physical facts support the "Jitter group because wilhin two months after his injuries ho had locovcrcd sufficiently to drive his car." A workmen's compensation commission award lo the widow of a .Uoralio well-digger who was killed -.o ;i dynamite, blast was affirmed v.'iih I he holding thai the victim was not. employed by an independent contractor. Tlic commission awarded Mrs. • Lilly Louise Bounds and her two •Children compensation at the rate of $7 a week for 450 weeks for death of Clyde Bounds. The award was against Henry Irvin, Bounds' employer, and the Hartford Accident and Indemnity Co., Irvan's ^rircly. Bounds was killed Dec. l(i, 11141, while digging a well at Irvan's sawmill. Tho supreme court enforced the National Soldiers and Sailors Civil Jii.'lief Act of 1940 to stay procccd- •jigs for the duratio n in a land-title contest suit in which the defendant, .lames W. Reynolds, is in the Navy. The suit involves title to two lots in HOXIC owned by Reynolds which the stale claimed lo have forfeited for non-payment of taxes. The essence of it in the following i Relief Director Ends Long Trip * New York, May 3 —(/Pi— Herbert ll l.chmun, director of the Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation, is back homo from a 15,000- mile trip abroad which he described as "very useful and very successful." s The former governor of New York arrived here yesterday aboard a Pan - American Clipper and in an informal statement said "I went oul to get first - hand information regarding certain eon- Ajiiions. I had conferences with Tnany people, including British and representatives of other 'lalions. All v, trt uUcceyufitJ." just what the president had to say Sunday night, was contained paragraphs: "Tonight I am speaking to the essential patriotism of the miners, and to the patriotism of their wives and children. And 1 am going lo slate the true facts of this case as simply and as plainly as I know how. "After the attack at Pearl Harbor, the three great labor organizations — the American Federation of. Labor, the Congress of Industrial Organizations and the Railroad Brotherhoods—gave the positive assurance that there would be no strikes as long as the war lasted. The president of the United Mine Workers of America was a party to that assurance. "That pledge was applauded throughout the country. It was a forcible means of telling the world that we Americans—135 million of us—arc united in our determination lo fight this total war with our lolal will and our lolal power." Lewis broke his word. He jeopardized not only the Home Front but the actual flow of supplies lo hundreds of thousands of fellow Americans in uniform on distant shores, who, without fighting machines and the repair parts and ammunition lo keep them going mighl never live lo sec their own country again. Lewis' sudden revocation of his strike plan hardly mends matters. This country is through with him. He is an irresponsible hard-head 10 whom leadership can'l safely be entrusted—and the exact measure of his shortcoming became apparent when he put the interests of his union organization ahead of the 1 interests of (he very members of that union as American citizens . The elimination of Lewis—the elimination of his district mine chiefs, for Ihal matter—should be no great problem. Government has, in all countries, absolutely first-call on all mineral rights . . . 011 and coal. Those arc the prime essentials of industry and war, and national strength. The man who proposes to cut off the fuel supply of his country while at war is an enemy wilhin our ranks. This is a time when men are judged by actions, not words—and Lewis has deliberately affronted his own country while at war. Radio Says Mateur Occupied by Allies First Lady Warns of High Casualties New York, M;iy I! —f/l'i— Mrs. Franklin I). Knnsevell. believes thai America .should prepare for "tremendous casualties" after the war and thai "when they come back, the war will become reality to us " Speaking .to members of the Graduate Club of Teachers College hero last night Mrs. Roosevelt said "So few of us seem to realize the tremendous casuallis we will have to absorb into our daily live:; after the war. They will come bad; incapacitated and they must live, loo. We must know how to mak-.- that psosible.' 1 No Stoppage in Oklahoma, Arkansas Mine Fort Smith. May 3 —(/Pi— Hack to the pits was the order of the day for union miners in the Arkansas, Oklahoma field today. Operators and workers agreed last night that their district agreement for indefinite continuation of j operations had not been affected by the national situation. This apparently chalked up the week-end Al- thr key London, May 3 (/I 1 )— The giers radio said tonight that Allies had captured Mateur, highway junction 1(1 miles south west of Bizcrtc and 34 northwest of Tunis. The broadcast, heaid by the Associated Press, was not confirmed from other sources. At last reports direct from Allied headquarters in North Africa before the Algiers broadcast was recorded, United Stales and French troops held positions in an arc on a radius of sipproximaldy 12 miles from Malcur. This extended through rough country from the newly captured Kef Rdja Touila southwest to the approaches of Jcfna and southeast to Ihe Sidi N'Sir sector. Accident Fatal to Storm Troop Chief London, May 3 —(/!'>— The Perlin radio reported today that Vic- lor Lul/e, chief of the staff of the Nazi S. A. (Storm Troolsi and an- old-tinic follower of Adolf Hitler, died in a hospital at Potsdam from injuries received in an automobile accident. Lutze succeeded Col. Ernest Roehm as chief of staff of the Storm Trooper after the death of Roehm in the ruthless purge of Nazi leaders by Hitler in June, 1934. Piggott Soldier Is Prisoner of War Washington, May 3 (.1')— Pvl. William B. Lighlfoot. son of Mrs. Grace A. Fish, Piggolt, was the only Arkansas soldier on a list of 170 held as prisoners of war by Italy, made public by the War Department today. Pvi. Lighlfui.it is interned in Ihe military hospital, Palermo. idleness as a normal shutdown and not a walkout. President David Fowler of United mine Workers District 21 which c 1 a i m s approximately fl.OOl) miners in this 130-minc field, announced in New York yesterday that there had been "no stoppage ' in the area. Fowler attended the national UMW parley at which John L. Lewis announced the 15- day nalional truce with the government. He said no directive had been issued cancelling the April 3 accord which could be abrogated only by five days notice from cither parly. The agreement provides Ihal whenever a national wage agi cement it is signed it will be adopted n this district ana made retroactive to April I. The miners and operators maintained virtual silence over the week-end but other groups were more vocal. Three units of the U. S. War Mothers organization and the Stale Junior Chamber of Commerce adopled resolutions urging the president lo intern Lewis for 'he duration of Ihe war and a district American Legion convention proposed that he be placed on trial on a charge of sabotage. Tho internment. resolutions were adopted by Ihe War Mothers of Hot Springs, Little Rock and North Little Ilock and approved by the stale president, J. Page Sibeck, Little Rock. Lower Point Values for Canned Goods Washington, May ,'i - (/I 1 )— Lowe-trillion point values for most canned fruit and vegetable juices aro in effect today, and dried and dehydrated soups arc off the ration list altogether. In announcing a new scale of point, values over Ihe weekend Ihe office of price administration attributed the changes lo slow .sales of the affected commodities. The cuts in juice point;; affect all popular fruit and tomato juices except pineapple juice, which went up from 13 to 17 points on the No. 2 1-2 size can. Other sizes of pineapple- juice cans were left unchanged. Grape- juice was reduced from 4 lo 2 points a pint and from 8 to 3 a quart. Grapefruit and other citrus juices were decrease! on the No. 2 size can from 4 to 3 points and on the 4fi ounce- can from 9 to 4. Tomato juice was cut on No. 2 size cans from 12 to (i points and on the 4G ounce can from 22 to 11. OPA removed from rationing all . types of vegetable juices except tomato juice and vegetable combinations containing 70 prcenl or more tomato jsicc. Reductions were made on some sizes of canned apples, berries, cherries. paches, plums and prunes. Increases were ordered in the point values of certain sizes of canned apricots, fruit cocktail and pineapple. I Freed from rationing were car: rot, sauerkraut' beet and similar juices, canned corn on the cob, green turtle soup, clam juice, clam broth and clam juice cocktail. The new values apply lo G, H, and J blue coupons in Ration Book No. 2. which are valid until Ihe end of this month. OPA explained that wholesale stocks of dry soups had jumped, some reports placing the increase at 80 percent in March. Much of the stock was threatened with spoilage due to warm weather. No point, changes were made on frozen fruits and vegetables, baby iuods, dry beans and peao. Allied Planes, Subs Focused on Jap Shipping By The Associated Press A far-ranging war of attrition by Allied bombers and submarines against Japanese warships and shipping while the Japanese arc attempting to cut Allied supply lines to Australia by a submarine offensive was disclosed in United Nations pronouncements today as the enemy again struck with force at Darwin. An Allied spokesman in the Southwest Pacific said Ccn. Douglas MacArlhur's Lihera';)i-s and Flying Fortresses ii,i-;l sunk VTJiOO tons of Japanese shipping and damaged (>5,800—a total ol !.>'),W)0 tons— in April. Not a .single heavy bomb- cr was lost in combat, it was said. Meanwhile, the Navy Department in Washington disclosed U. S. submarines in recent operation.! had accounted for another 125.000 Ions of warships, transport" i-iid merchantmen. The sinkings had been announced before, but not the total lonnage. A Southwest Pacific spokesman estimated that Japan's new submarine offensive was about as effective as the German - Italian campaign against Allied shipping lo the North African theater. While about 2 1-2 percent of 10,500,000 tons of Allied shipping to the Tunisian theater had been lost in five months, the spokesman explained, "comparable figures foi this area for a similar period would be something less than a million tons of. shipping with a loss ot ap- pro.xmatcly two per cent." The Japanese raid on Darwin in Northwest Australia Sunday with 51 planes was the strongest in the Southwest Pacific area in two weeks, and although it caused relatively little damage to the aii base, Ilic communique said it resulted in heavy loss to Allied fighters who shot down throe of tht raiding force and damaged 10 others. In turn, Gen. MacArthur's airmen chased a ship in the Kai island area until it ran on a reef, and started numerous fires at Keeping aridrome, Timor, besides making numerous other sorties. During Ihe same lime that, the heavy bombers were cutting a swath through Japanese shipping, they had other Allied aircraft were shooting clown H8 enemy planes and probably destroyed 28 more, a spokesman said. In Burma renewed clashes ann ambushes along Mauridgc between Britain and Japanese, with no appreciable change in the lines, look place. RAF Blenheims at- lacked on oil pipe line and oil town in Ihe Chindwin river valley ami raised smoke columns visible foi :i(l mles. About 20 Japanese bombers attacked an Allied airfield MI Bengal, India, and caused some damage, a British comniuniqii<: said. Blytheville Man To Head Jaycccs Hot Springs, May II f/P) Bem* Bcnnish, Blylhcville, is Ihe new president of the Arkansas Junior Chamber of Commerce. He was elected at the group':; annual convention Saturday, succeeding W. H. Wincholl, Morriltoii. Other officers named wore Gene Mooro, Harrison, first vice presi- dnt; Q. Uynmi Hurst, Mot Springs second vice president; W. C Hooves, Fort Smith, third vice president; and Jack V. Clark, Texarkana, national director. 2 Arkansans Named to Manpower Group Washington, May a —(/I 1 )— President Roosevelt sent lo the Senate today the following Man Power Commission nominations: Will S. Dcnham of Missouri, area director at Kansas City. Floyd W. Sharp of. Arkansas, .area director at Little Rock. James S. Moose, Jr., of Morrilton, Ark., a foreign service officer, was nominated to be minister president and United States consul at Saudi Arabia. Women Skipper Teaches Heroes Denver </!') —. Capt. Mary Converse, probably the only woman to hold muster's license in the merchant marine, teaches a navigation course in Denver for navy reserve recruits. Recently one of her former students wrote and said he was "hale and hearty," although he had been "pretty busy." The later was dalcd a few days after news stories from the South Pacific told how an ensign, had helped to sink or damage about 20 enemy vessels. But thy eiitiyn .said nothing about that. Local Boys Go on Alaskan Road Job Two Hope boys left Ihis week-end to lake jobs as apprentice surveyors (in the Alaskan military highway. They arc Claude Nunn, Jr., .son of Mr. and Mrs. Claude Nunn of Sinclair Oil; and Billy Ramsey, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Ramsey of Checkered cafe. The boys left Little Rock Saturday afternoon and will report on the highway job somewhere in Canada before the end of this week. Boys under 18 were sought, and there were only 10 jobs assigned residents of Arkansas—of which two went'lo Hope boys. Nazis Trying to Raise Army of Russians Stockholm, May 3 — M>— The German high command, according lo reporls from, usually trustworthy sources in so pressed for men that it is now trying lo raise an army of 300,000 lo 500.000 among captured Russian soldiers and civilians in the occupied Baltic slates under a former Soviet' general now in Nazi hands. , The proposed force, it was said, would include only those "thought lo be reliable from the Nazi point of view." German reports indicated the Nazi drive for tolal mobilization of the Reich had failed to provide as much man-power as had been expected. The Frankfurter Zcitung said the closing of stores, business houses, small workshops and restaurants in Germany "did not free as many workers for the armament industry as was al firsl thought possible." The captured Russian general. Andrcia A. Vlasov, who was taken prisoner by Die Germans al Kiev early in the war, was said by reports reaching here to have "shown un inclination to talk busines" after two interviews with Adolf Hitler, who. persuaded him the sole aim of the Nazis was to "free Russia of Stalin." Meanwhile General Just, former military attached at Kaunas, was reported to have asked for Lichuan- ian volunteers for the German Army, but it was said only a few had responded thus far to the appeal for a force to be used against Soviet Russia. A scant 150 Lithuanians were reported to have paraded in a special review of "volunteers" before Hitler despite the fact, Gestapo Chief Heinricii Himmler instituted "strong measures," including Ihe closing of the University at Kaunas, March l(i, to whip up the tolal. Nazi attempts lo raise fighting men for Ihe Axis forces in neighboring Eslonia has had "some success," the reports reaching here said. Dr. Alfred liosenberg, Nazi administrator of German - occupied territories in eastern Europe, was declared to be opposed to the Army's attempt lo raise levies in the territories under his jurisdiction, and the reported persistence of the high command was seen as a gauge of Ilic terrific Nazi need for addilional manpower, both in the Army and in the factories. Hand-Picked Nazi Group Investigates By The Associated Press A hand-picked German commission reputed lo have been drawn from 12 countries -— all bul one conquered or dominated by \be Axis — was reported by the Berlin radio today lo have charged that Polish officers, who Hie N.-.izi,-, alleged were killed by Ilic Russians and buried near Smloensk, wore shot in March and April of 1940, more than a year before Germany invaded Russia. "A even of the mass graves have been opened and from them -981! corjjss were recovered and examined," the broadcast, recorded by the Associatd Press said. "An inquest was held on part of the bod ies 70 per cent of which were identified. The cause of death was due to shooting in the nape of the neck." The German propaganda -lijr'ii- cies played the story with all stops, continuing to exploit the rupture of relations with the Polish gove.-- mctit-in-exilc by Russia. Moscow has charged that the Germans killed the Polish offciers. Poland was partitioned by Germany and Russia in 1939. 1 The German - selected commis- | sion was announced after the In| lei-national Red Cross refused Gcr- i man and Polish requests lo invcsti- jgalc the alleged mass murders. ! Red Cross informants said it took the position that all inleresl.cd parties must make the request and none uaf-. received from Russia. Key Point of Mateur Taken by Allied Forces BY EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 3 — (/P)— United Stales troops have entered Mateur, key junction of rail and highway Communications between Tunis and Biserle, an.l French forces along the coasl swepl to within 15 miles of the Naval base as the Germans pulled oul of northern positions after a pouvid'n/i of almosl. uvo weeks, it was aiinuonced today. (Tho Algiers radio in a broadcast recorded in London by the AssocialeJ I'rc.-.s said Allied heaJ- quarters in North Afric-i announced Mal-jur had fallo'O. AdviC'.-s fi;m the front this afternoon told of the American er.- try into Matucr, 18 miles southwest of Euorlu and 34 miles nonh- west at Tunis. A French communique announced '."Viiiich troops and Moroccan goumr; made M further advance in the co. : t.~,U'l area, bring'mg their forward ciemc.iis only ir< miles from Bizoile, and rounded up more than 'jOO prisoners. Advances also were made in other sectors. The fo:-tn>i;lit campaign, in which the L. S. Second Army Corps has piaj-ed an ivrtpn-tanl part, exhausted both sides, b.it after a day of comparative rcsl yesterday the Allies struck forward again and the enemy defense.: collapsed in many places. U. S. an.l Frc.n«:n units coopoiat- cd yesterday in the occupation of Kef Rdjal To-u'a, :j grou.3 of hills 12 miles northwest of M.iteur Copt. Joe Hinton Given Aid Medal Captain Joe Hinlon, r.on of Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Hinlon of Spring iill road (Hope Route One), has seen awarded an air medal for valorous aclion over China, Burma and Indo-China, according lo a War Deparlmenl announcement. The citation follows: 'As a pilot of aircraft, Captain linton has parlicipalcd in more .nan 25 missions of offensive reconnaissance, patrol, inlerceplion and cscorl. These operations were carried oul belween Scplember 'A 1942, and January 10, 1045, over enemy-occupied China, Burma arid Indo-China. On December 27 he destroyed an 1-45 in aerial combat over Lashio." Allied Headquarters in North Africa, May 3 (/P)— United Slates and French troops occupied a group of hills 12 miles northwest of Mateur yesterday even while a lull was developing over most of the Tunisian fronl after two w*eks of battle which has left both Allied an Axis forces spent and suffering from heavy losses. The enemy appeared lo have suffered the more for French detachments and forward units of the Second U. S. Army Corps drove ye.sterday to the ridges known as Kef Rdjal Touila lo tighten the pressure upon Mateur and Bizerte. The hills are about four miles west fo Lake Achkel, along Ihe eastern shore of which runs the 18 mile highway linking Mateur and the naval base. Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim was reported withdrawing his advanced units in thai region as a result of the pounding the have received from planes, field baltercis and infantrymen in Ihe Allied offensive. At some other points also there was a slight withdrawal of enemy forces lo more convenient or bet- ler-frlcfended positions. However, Ihe Germans are still far from cracking in their main endeavor. This is lo hold their strong points in the Mcdjerda river valley and adjacent height to prevent. Allied tanks from gelling through it into the fan like plain of Tunis and thus bringing about the final debacle, which Gen. Henri Giraud said yesterday would come this month. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's British Kighth Army, which is finding the fight in the rugged hills of (hi; southern front harder than in the desert, repulsed a small rni-iiiy counterattack yesterday in the coastal area northeast of Enfi- I duviile. Otherwise, its activity was limited lo patrols. Four miles southwest of Pont IJu Fans, at (lie "hinge" between the- Firsl and Kighth Armies, two enemy attacks compelled units of Ihe Gen. Marie LXOU1S Keltz' $9lh French Corps lo draw back foi some hours, bul. at Ihe end of the day Ilify had reestablished themselves in Ihcir morning positions New Director for University Women Hot Sunngs, May 3 (l\>\ The | Arkansas Division, American As- I sociatoin of University Women, I will be directed during the ensuing year by Mrs. J. W. Ramsey, Foil I Smith. She was dueled president at Die group's ;nnual meeting Saturday, siici:co<lii:s Miss Elizabeth Greening, LitUc Rock. Other ofl':ccrs named vcie Mrs. E. M. Archer, Little Rock, first vice prcsidi.Ml: dent; Q. By rum Hurst, Hot Springs second vice president; and Miss Clara H. K e n n a n, Monlkello, treasure 1 '. He Did His^Best London i/l'i— The manager of {a Middlesex restaurant won his appeal against conviction and a i'li fine imposed for food waste by .stufa go exposed lo mice. He testified he got 12 traps and three cats and- thought that should be sufficient r.-feguard. —O Nazis Abandon Efforts to Expand Wedge Moscow, May 3 —(/I')— Red Army artillery raked German positions in the Kuban sector of Ihe Wcslern Caucasus throughout the night although the Soviet, midnight com- munqiue announced German efforts to expand their bridgehead in that region had been abandoned after a six day drive in which the Nazis losl 7,000 men. The mid-day communique said the Russian shellfirc killed 200 more of the enemy, and that 16 mortar and artillery batteries were silenced and ten German blockhouses were destroyed. (The German high command communique, broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associaled Press, said Ihe Russians failed yeslerday in fresh allacks on the Kuban bridgehead. (Several planes raided East Prussia last night.and one was shot down, the bulletin said. It did not report the nationality of the raiders, but Red Army bombers have ranged across East Prussia on several forays Ihis year.- A violenl spring air slrugglc con- linued along Ihe entire Russian front as Soviet bombers and fighters sought to disrupt any German plans for an offensive. While announcing there were "no significant changes" on the front, the Russian noon commuique did report that a battalion of German infantry attempted to storm the Soviet defense line south of Ohu- guev on the Donets river front, southeast of Kharkov. However, Soviet infantrymen mel the attack firmly and with the aid of artillery beat back the Germans lo their original posilions, the bulletin said. A skirmish was reported on the northwestern front, where Soviet troops were said to have thrown back numerically superior forces, killing several scores of Germans. Otherwsie, however, little action was reported in the communique. On the home front, the Communist party newspaper Pravda echoed Premier Joseph Stalin 1 -: laudatory words on Ihe parl being played by United Stales and Greal Britain In the United Nations' war on Germany, asserting thai "recently the enemy has felt on his own skin the force of the Soviet Union, Britain and the United States." Jap American Soldiers Are Entertained Camp Shelby, Miss., May 3— (/Pi —Three chartered buses lefl here Sunday afternoon, carrying 10U young Jap-American women back to (lie Rohwer, Ark., relocation cen- from which they 1 came lo entertain several hundred Japanese-American soldiers. Some were old .sweethearts of the soldiers and at leasl 20 per cent were college girls. They included school teachers, stenographers and recreational directors, all from the west coasl originally. Arriving Salurday afternoon, the women were assigned sleeping quarters in the civilian war-housing project, where they ironed wrinkles from their dresses in preparation for a adcnc at the service club. The soldiers, all volunlccrs from the Hawaiian islands and Ilic Unil- cd Stales, recently bought $101.300 worth of War Bonds, then several hundred of them decided lo chip in $() each lo provide transportation, food and entertainment for Ino young women. Most of the soldiers from thj mainland have parents or other relatives in some relocation camp 1 :. i« * ^> Tokyo, with 7,000,000 population, is nearly as large as New York City. -*»»--»A parl of a nation entirely surrounded by territory of another country is called an "enclave.' 15-Day Truce Is Called by Lewis Averting Strike By The Associated Press Washington, May 3 — (/P) — The coal crisis averted, miners started back to work today in a trickle that promised to grow into a stream by nightfall and lo have the mines running fully by tomorrow morning. Their new employer was the United States government, whose commander in chief, President Roosevelt, called on the men lo get back to digging the coal so necessary for war production. The Slars and Stripes waved over the shafts, symbolic ol Ihe government which stepped in when John L. Lewis' United Mine Workers stopped work last week. A symbolic flag of truce, loo, accompanied the return. For Lewis and other UMW officials asked the miners to resume work tomarrow morning on a 15-day temporary basis. Most of those who have been on strike appeared delaying their return until Lewis' date of tomorrow, and in some instances today where men showed up there were not enough of them to open the mine. Three hundred and fifty men at Gallatzin, Pa., led Ihe return, entering their shaft at 6 a. m. Eastern War Time. About half those in the Beehive coal industry at Fayetle, Co., Pcnn., came In an hour later and officials said they exnected full crews by tonight Eight major mines in Ohio reported a nearly normal complement and a district vice president of the UMW predicted the afternoon shift would be normal. Several hundred miners went back in the Harlan county, Ky., field, where union spokesmen indicated all the field's mines would be turning out coul'tomoiTbW'-*;- In Illinois, whistles blown for work were largely ignored by the 25,000 UMW members there, but most of the 18,000 AFL coal miners were on hand. Uncle Sam's new boss of the mines, which appeared as late as Saturday to be headed for a crippling general shutdown, is Fuels Coordinator Harold Ickes. He will seek to settle the wage contract dispute between th miners and operators during the next 15 days. Washington, May 3 — The coal mining crisis which threatened to stall America's war production drive was at least temporarily ended today as nearly 500,000 miners prepared to shoulder their tools and march back inlo the nation's pits — under the Stars and Stripeh and a flag of truce. During the next 15 days, Harold L. Ickes — Uncle Sam's new boss of the coal fields — will seek to settle the wage contract dispute between miners and operators. The trek back to work begins today and tomorrow, with some miners acting on the appeal from President Roosevelt for an immediate return to their jobs and others taking their cue from John L. Lewis, president of . the United Mine Workers, who set Tuesday for the official resumption. There seemed to .. question but that Tuesday's shifts — at the very latest — would find the industry operating full blast again, keeping the naton's all - out war production fueled with coal. The president appealed to the minors last night to go back to I work for their country — literally, | with the government operating I more than 3,8!H) mines — and cease "obstructing our war effort." "I want to make it clear," he said, "that every American miner who has stopped mining coal — no matter how sincere his motives, no matter how legitimate he may believe his grievances to be — every idle minor directly and individually is obstructing our war effort." Mr. Roosevelt did not mention Lewis by name, but his appeal ( .o the minors — whose full scale walkout followed the latlcr's call not to "rrcspass on company property without a contract — camo just 20 minutes after the UMW chieftain had announced the truce in New York. Lewis said the union's policy committee had voted unanimously "to restore all mines to immediate operation for a period of 13 days beginning Tuesday." He said the truce time will be spent in seeking lo work oul new contracts to replace those which have expired in the hard and soft coal industries. Labor Secretary v rances Perkins said Fuel Adminislratov Ickes, picked by the president lo direct operation of the mines for the government, would confer with Ihe disputants during the 15 - day period and try to bring them together. She termed the truce "a wise decision" on the part of the UMW leudn*.

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