EYING THE ENEMY — Ricky Bien, son of Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Bien, 104 S. Poplar, seems anything but pleased as he eyes a display of rakes in a local store. Although the leaves already have begun to fall and the sale of rakes is increasing, store operators anticipate no real rush until the season's first frost. (Herald Photo) Side Swipes LIBERAL (AP) - Sheriff Lynn Urwin apparently is being haunted, with poems, by a former jail tennant. The prisoner, Ben Jerman Jr., 36, on parole from an armed robbery sentence in California, sawed his way out of the county jail last Tuesday, leaving behind a hacksaw blade and a note reading: "I hope you get as many blisters on your feet trying to catch me as I got on my hands sawing out." At 3 a.m. Friday, the sheriff got a call from a man who told him he could find Jerman holed up in a box and armed with a rifle in a field five miles from town, the Southwest Daily Times reports. Inside the box, officers found a poem dedicated to the sheriff and ridiculing his efforts to find the missing prisoner, the newspaper said. The writing resembled that on the note left in the jail. The Times reported the sheriff isn't talking with reporters about the case but that it had pieced together the story with sketchy details Sunday night, another note was dropped at the front door of the Times office, It was another poem, again dedicated to the sheriff. Bashir Confused Related Story on Pg. 5 DALLAS (AP)—Bashir Ahmad, Pakistan's most famous camel cart driver, found himself confused today by a U.S. supermarket. Bashir, guest of Vice President Lyndon Johnson, visited the supermarket in Irving, a Dallas suburb. The smiling little man appeared most interested in the grocery carts. "Can you take them with you?" he asked. What his wife would think about American supermarket? "If my wife came here and saw all these things laid out, she would spend too much money," he replied laughingly. Above $16,000 Mark Big Boost For Chest A big return from Ottawa's residential areas today boosta United Chest collections to $16,348.15, said Mrs. Charles Anderson secretary. The total is nearly 74 per cent of the $22,097 goal. The proceeds from the residen tial drive, all of which aren't ye counted, were encouraging to thi drive chairman, Lee A. Casida SEN. FRANK CARLSON Carlson Speaker At Convocation j Kansas Sen. Frank Carlson will attend the Ottawa University Centennial Convocation, Friday. He will be one of the featured guests at the evening banquet in Wilson Field house. More than 600 will be present! for the dinner. Reservations have been received from alumni, friends and parents of students from Massachusetts to California. Peiree To Speak At Bureau Meet Members and guests of the Franklin County Farm Bureau tomorrow night will hear a speech by Walter C. Peiree, Reno County farmer and stale Bureau president. Peiree will speak at the County Bureau's annual dinner meeting at the National Guard Armory. The dinner will begin at 7 o'clock. The Weather COUNTY FOPiECAST - Most\y fair tonight; Wednesday partly cloudy and turning cooler; lows tonight upper 40s to low 50s; highs Wednesday 70s. High temperatures yesterday, 79; low today, 53; high year ago today, 76; low year ago today, 43; record high this date, 88 in 1908; record low this date, 37 in 1919; hourly temperatures, 24 hours ending 8 a.m., today: 9 a. m 59 9 p. m. 10 a. m 65 10 p. m. 11 a. m. ..'.....71 11 p. m. .75 Midnight .77 1 a. m. .78 2 a. m. Noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. .1 p. m 79 4 p. m 77 6 p. m 75 6 p. m 69 7 p. m 65 8 p. m 62 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 8 a. m. 60 61 60 59 59 58 56 55 55 54 53 15 and other voluntary workers "It's real good," said Mrs. An derson. She said returns from the down town drive and some advano gifts still haven't been turned in The amount needed to meet the goal is $5,748.85. Mrs. Anderson said she doesn't know when th drive will be concluded. Sharing the United Chest fund and the amounts each is to re ceive, are: Red Cross, $5,000; Boys Club $2,500; Boy Scouts, $3,300; Kan sas Children's Service Leagu $800;; Franklin County Guidanc Center, $3,000; Girl Scouts Sant Fe Trail Council, $1,350; Salva tion Army, $2,000; Well Chil Clinic, $547; Franklin County Hu mane Society. $500; Frankli County Teens, Inc., 1,600, am the Cerebral Palsy Association $1,000. Wins Kansas Wheat Award KANSAS CITY (AP) - A 17- year-old Stanton County youth, Darrell Cockrum, was named today the Kansas award winter in the 4-H Club wheat project. The announceent was made at a luncheon for county award winners attending the American Royal 4-H conference. Darrell, son of Mr. and Mrs. D. E. Cockrum of Syracuse, is a member of the Go-Getters 4-H Club. During the five years he has enrolled in wheat projects he has increased his acreagement from five to 158, including land rented from his father. Traffic Toll TOPEKA (AP)-Kansas traffic death log: 24 hours to 9 a.m. Tuesday—1. For October—18. For 1961—415. Comparable 1960 period—387. LOOK INSIDE FOR: All guilty of foolish acts, Editorial, Pag. 4. Approach to 50 years of age no cause for worry, Pg. 8. Disaster building up in slum' area schols, Pg. 6. Tax break for equipment depreciation, Pg. 12. Surgery best remedy for hernia, Dr. Molner, Pg. 4. Carrier Collides With A Tanker NORFOLK, Va. (AP)-The air craft carrier Randolph and th Liberian tanker American Vis countess collided Monday nigh 325 miles east of Charleston, S.C the Navy reported today. No one on either ship was in jured seriously, a naval spokes man said. The carrier sustained a 30-foo long gash in her left side 125 fee from her bow and 25 feet abov her waterline. There was no wor here on the tanker's damage. Prescriptions—Raney, CH 2-3092 adv OT VOL. 65 NO. 264 WA HERALD OTTAWA, KANSAS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1961 7 CENTS TWELVE PAGES To Explode Awesome A-Bomb, Says Nikita October 31 Date For Huge Blast MOSCOW (AP) — Premier Khrushchev announced today that he Soviet Union will explode a nuclear bomb equivalent to 50 million tons of TNT Oct. 31. It was the first time the Kremlin had given advance notice of a nuclear explosion. "We have a 100-million-ton :>omb," Khrushchev told the opening session of the 22nd Soviet Communist party Congress, "but we do not intend to explode it." "If we happen to explode it in the wrong place, we might break our own windows," Khrushchev continued. "May God grant that we never have to explode such a bomb." The Soviet Union, in announcing Aug. 31 that it was resuming nuclear weapon tests, said its scientists had worked out projects for building bombs with explosive power of up to 100 million tons of TNT, or 5,000 times the power of * * * the U.S. bomb that devastated Hiroshima. The biggest bomb in the U.S. arsenal is believed to have a force of perhaps 20 million tons. U.S. military experts said earlier that building a 100-million- ton bomb would not be particularly difficult but that it would not be worth the money because the bombs already available have sufficient explosive power to obliterate any conceivable mili- ary target. Khrushchev told the congress the Soviet Union had been forced to resume nuclear testing because of the sharp international tensions Ihe Western powers had created around the world, especially in Germany. Khrushchev told the party Congress — the first in two years — that the Soviet Union and its Communist allies "now possess vast power, ample to provide a reliable defense for the great gains of socialism against the inroads of imperialist aggressors." Khrushchev's long speech was the highlight of the opening session of the congress called to give unanimous approval to the first new party program since 1919. This is a blueprint for communism to outstrip capitalism by 1980 and create a life in the Soviet Union so attractive that the non-Communist world will turn to communism by choice. Khrushchev repeated a warning he has often given before, that "if the imperialists, in contradiction to all common sense, dare attack the socialist countries and hurl mankind into the abyss of a world war of annihilation, that mad act will be their last, it will be the end of the capitalist system." * * * The delegates broke into cheers and applause as the premier led the party's top leaders onto the big stage of the 6,000-seat theater in the Kremlin Palace of Congresses, being used for the first time for this congress. The applause continued as Khrushchev introduced the leaders of the 80 delegations from foreign Communist parties, led by Premier Chou En-lai of Red China. There were two conspicuous absentees—Albania and Yugoslavia. Albania attended the Communist summit meeting last November but presumably is absent from the current congress because in recent months it has sided with Communist China in the ideological dispute between Pei- ping and Moscow. Relations between Y u g o- slavia was represented at the last party congress, in 1959, only by its ambassador, and the Yugoslavia, accusing its leaders of communism's worst political sin, revisionism. * * * Would Dig Monstrous Hole * * * Khrushchev Invokes Deity By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soviet Premier Khrushchev today invoked the Deity in expressing the hope that it will never be necessary to use a nuclear bomb equal to 100 million tons of TNT. He said the Soviet Union has such a bomb but: "May God grant that we never have to explode such a bomb." An avowed atheist, Khrushchev often reels off biblkal phrases. His speeches are sprinkled with allusions to God, Christ, heaven, hell, and sacred duty. "I attended church schools as a boy," he explained once. "I won a prize from the priest for knowing the Gospels by heart." His most recent previous declaration that he is a dedicated nonbeliever was in a statement last month welcoming Pope John Xni's appeal for negotiations to settle East-West tensions. "As a Communist and an atheist I do not believe in 'the Lord's will'," he said, but added that the Pope showed an appreciation of sane thinking. On another occasion he quoted Christ's "Love thy neighbor" approvingly. Khrushchev made several biblical references during his visit to the United States in 1959. Sen. J. Fulbright, D-Ark., quoted him as saying, "Now, that's the truth. I'll swear it on the Bible that it is correct." WASHINGTON (AP) - A 50- megaton bomb such as Soviet Premier Khrushchev says the Soviet Union will explode Oct. 31 would dig a hole 400 feet deep and a mile and a half wide and kill almost all persons within seven miles unless they were in well- constructed underground shelters. This was the estimate given by Dr. Ralph Lapp, a nuclear scientist when questioned by a reporter after Khrushchev told of plans for firing a bomb with the equivalent of 50 million tons of TNT. Lapp used Washington for an example and the White House as an impact point in giving his estimate of damage. His figures would mean that most of the fed- ral government buildings would be within the area he said would be instantly converted into a gigantic crater. He said all wood frame houses within 16 miles—all of Washington—would be destroyed. In addition Lapp continued, brick structures within 10 miles would be leveled and even big steel- reinforced buildings would be smashed for a distance of from S to 6 miles. In addition, he said, a bomb would result in injuries to many persons from flying glass or debris for a distance of 30 miles from the impact point. Lapp also said that radioactive fallout would contaminate an area of from 10,000 to 20,000 square miles depending upon wind conditions. Heat from the detonation, he said, would produce second degree burns out to a distance of 35 miles in all directions, representing an area of 8,000 square miles. He said well-built underground shelters would provide protection if located 3% miles from the blast. Underground locations of Atlas and Titan missiles, he said, would resist the blast if they were about 2.3 miles from it. The scientist said he believed that in any test of such a weapon the Russians would use a rocket "to- carry it at least 100 miles above the earth before the blast. Pipe Line Sues For Damages TOPEKA (AP) — A $171,241.37 damage suit has been filed against the state Board of Social Welfare and Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Co. of Kansas City and Chicago by the Miami Pipe Line Co. of Osawatomie. Miami says it entered into a contract with the state agency to supply gas to Osawatomie State Hospital. It contended in the suit filed Monday that the contract is still in force and asked to collect the amount the board paid Panhandle Eastern for gas after the board sought to void the contract. Miami claims that the state wrote the firm in 1953 and said it was voiding the contract because it could buy gas cheaper elsewhere. The board then constructed its own pipe line from a Panhandle Eastern line to the hospital after Miami turned down an offer of $4,500 for its line. Then the board entered into a contract with Panhandle Eastern for the purchase of gas at the hospital. FLOOR FOR PARMELEE — Ottawa city employees Wil- in November by Parmclee, Inc., manufacturer of safety spectacles liam E. Burgoon (right), 514 Pine, and Joe G. Campbell, 828 S. and goggles Ottawa craftsmen are to help get building in shape Elm, patch concrete floor in building at 634 King to be occupied for plant operation. (Herald Photo) Restrained Reaction WASHINGTON (AP)-U.S. authorities greeted with restraint today Soviet Premier Khrushchev's removal of his deadline for pushing the Berlin crisis to a head. Khrushchev told, the Communis 1 party congress the Soviet Union will not insist on signing an East German peace treaty by the end of this year, as he had been threatening. But U.S officials noted that Khrushchev coupled this with an announcement that the Soviets will set off on Oct. 31 the biggest explosion in the history of man kind—a 50-megaton nuclear bomb which many U.S. strategists feel goes beyond any military use. The White House said President Kennedy "will have absolutely no comment" today on Khrushchev's speech. Washington authorities wanted to withhold judgment of the speech until there is more opportunity to study his words and see what he means. Chrysler Is Next DETROIT (AP) — Walter P. Reuther went into a signal-calling huddle with his United Auto Workers bargaining team today before tackling Chrysler Corp. in the final round of the Big Three auto labor contract negotiations. Chrysler agreed to meet the UAW president and his team at 2 p.m. (EST) for intensified negotiations. Reuther first briefed rank-and-file members on bargaining strategy in a meeting at union headquarters. Th'Mr plans were kept secret. The Chrysler bargaining team hasn't seen Reuther since opening day of negotiations 3Vi months a™o. Indications were today's session would be limited to preliminary maneuvering. Meantime, Reuther has reached agreements with the biggest of the Big Three—General Motors Corp. and Ford Motor Co.—and also with American Motors Corp., the nation's fourth largest auto maker. Farmers Union Plans Meetings TOPEKA (AP)—Farmers union organizations in some 70 counties in Kansas will hold special meetings Wednesday night, Martin J. Byrne, president of the Kansas Farmers Union, said today. Byrne said it will be the largest number of such meetings ever held in the state on one day. The meetings will select delegates to the group's state convention in Wichita Nov. 17-18. NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV Khrush Speech In Brief By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Highlights of Soviet Premier Khrushchev's speech today: TESTS—After announcing a nuclear bomb equivalent to 50 million tons of TNT will be exploded Oct. 31: "We have a 100-million- ton bomb but we do not intend to explode it. If we happen to explode it in the wrong place we might break our own windows." TREATY-"If the Western powers display readiness to settle the erman problem, the question of the time limit for the signing of a German peace treaty will not be so material; we shall not insist that the peace treaty be signed by all means before Dec. 31, 1961." U.N. — "The machinery has grown rusty in the cold war years and has been operating fitfully. It is time to grant genuinely equal rights in. all U.N. agencies to the three groups of state* that have come into being in the world — Socialist, neutralist and imperialist." GERMANY-We had the impression that the Western powers display a certain understanding of the situation and are inclined to seek a solution for the German problem and the West Berlin issue on a mutually acceptable basis." DISARMAMENT - "The struggle for general and complete disarmament is a major component of the foreign policy of our party." COEXISTENCE - "The principles of peaceful coexistence invariably remain the general line of Soviet foreign policy." COLONIALISM - "Colonialism is doomed and a stake will be driven into its grave. The colonial powers are imposing unequal treaties on the liberated countries, are locating military bases on their territories. In the center of this refurbished but no less disgraceful colonialism stands the United States of America." REVOLUTION-'-Wc are convinced that in the end the Socialist system will triumph everywhere. But this is no way implies that we will seek to achieve its triumph by interfering in the internal affairs of nthf- counties. You cannot brins,' in hi mis on bayonets, as people use r| to say in the past; or on rockets, as it would be more proper to .say now." PRODUCTION - "The implementation of the seven-year plan will br'm° our country up to such a level that little more time will be required to outstrip the United States economically.' Postpone TWA Pilots Strike CHICAGO (AP)-A pilots' strike tttiich would have tied up Trans World Airlines service starting at midnight Wednesday has been postponed with the help of the National (Railway) Mediation Board. The Air Line Pilots Association agreed Monday to postpone the strike of 1,500 TWA pilots if ne- gotations are resumed Thursday in Kansas City, Mo., under auspices of the mediation board. Tauy's Toot The 100-million-ton Question is: Does God grant Knrushchev'i wishes?
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