The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky on April 23, 1970 · Page 1
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The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky · Page 1

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Louisville, Kentucky
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Thursday, April 23, 1970
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VOL. 230, NO. 113 LOUISVILLE, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 23, 1970 51 PAGES II) CENTS Goo Earth Across country, millions plead that it be rescued By RICHARD HARWOOD Los Angeles Times-Washin9ton Post service WASHINGTON A great outpouring of Americans several million in all likelihood demonstrated yesterday their practical concern for a livable environment on this earth. Schoolchildren by the hundreds of thousands roamed through parks, city streets and suburban neighborhoods in communities across the land, collecting tons of the litter cast off by a consumption-oriented society. The academic community from the Smithsonian Institution in Washington to the Mesa Community College in Arizonalectured the old and the young on the fragility of the world they inhabit. Within 200 years, said Dr. J. Murray Mitchell of the Federal Environmental Science Services Administration, air pollutants mainly carbon dioxide may cause the earth's temperature to rise to levels that will threaten life. Already, 6 billion tons of carbon dioxide are pumped into the atmosphere each year from the burning of coal, oil and natural gas. About 53 million tons come from automobiles in the United States. Firms Announce Measur.es The American business community, ordinarily indifferent or hostile to mass demonstrations, endorsed the Earth Day celebration and announced some practical actions of its own to deal with environmental problems. Scott Paper Co. of Philadelphia publicized a $36 million project to control pollution at a plant in Washington State and said it may spend another $20 million on a plant at Winslow, Maine. Texas Gulf Sulphur said it will join with the British Northwest Gas Board to reduce sulphur emissions from natural gas processing plants. Sun Oil Co. announced a program to develop throwaway containers that can be easily destroyed. There were other pragmatic responses yesterday to the growing environmental movement: Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of New York, wearing a button that said "Save the Earth," established a new environmental department in the state government, New Jersey Gov. William T. Cahill signed a bill creating See 'EARTH DAY' Back page, col. 3, this section From Kentuckians: concern Thousands of students, educators, politicians and common citizens throughout Kentucky and Southern Indiana yesterday demonstrated their worry that the once invincible earth may be dying before their eyes. The occasion was Earth Day, and the scenes ranged from an environmental "squeeze-in" at a Louisville high school tb a mock funeral march by Letcher County students to symbolize the death of pollutants. One sixth-grade class at Louisville's Alex Kennedy Elementary School sang an ecological parody of "America the Beautiful:" "Oh ugly for smoggy skies, or litter in the street, "We dump our waste in awful haste, among our waterways. ..." At the University of Kentucky in Lexington, about 1,200 students heard the state's junior U.S. senator, Marlow Cook, urge them to take a leading role in fighting environmental pollution, being militant but patient in the process. Dr. Wayne Davis, a UK biologist, told several hundred students he doubted the earth could survive "more than a decade" unless there is a massive attack on the forces destroying the environment. Students at Eastern Kentucky University in Richmond attended environmental talks between classes at the school's amphitheater and heard Dr. John Kiefer, a geology professor, warn that "the solid wastes that we throw away contain a higher percentage of minerals such as iron, copper and aluminum than the ore we mine to get these products." He urged the development of new processes for disposing of solid wastes. At Transylvania University in Lexing- See KENTUCKIANA Back page, col. 1, this section Sonje fear 'exaggeration' By STUART AUERBACH Les Angeles Times-Washington Post Service WASHINGTON The nation's earth scientists were told yesterday that they should form "a truth squad" to combat "exaggerated statements" about environmental problems. Dr. S. Fred Singer physicist, moon expert and deputy assistant secretary of interior told a session on the environment at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting here that exaggerations have "scared people" and cast doubt about the ability of scientists. He explained later that he was referring to statements made by biologists and "well-meaning ecologists" who are not experienced in geophysics earth sciences and don't really know what they are talking about. He cited one prediction that the earth will run out of oxygen if pollution continues in the oceans. This is impossible, he said. Later, Leonard B. Dworsky, a water pollution expert from Cornell University, told the session that "it's about time" that the AGU joined the fight for a better environment. This is only the second time in 51 annual meetings that environmental problems have been on the program, he said. But he, too, cautioned against merely raising problems without offering solutions and a realistic timetable to achieve them. He said there is a loud public demand to end water pollution, but the public will become disillusioned if it is not told what realistically can be expected. "A large part of water pollution is controllable now at an acceptable price," he said. By the 1980s, he continued, we can control most water pollution. In order to make considerable strides by the 1980s, Dworsky said, all municipal and industrial waste outlets should be im- See EXAGGERATION Back page, col. 1, this section Staff Photo by Bill Luster What Earth Bay Was All About! A LONE MAN mowing grass with a tractor tends to a practical problem of preserving nature's beauty on the campus of Louisville's Atherton High School. Inside the school, students, like millions of Americans elsewhere, devoted their energies yesterday to alerting the public to pollution and environmental problems. nnnnnnnnn Gloom in Plinom Penh : ' : ! f. f i I JUulJUL Associated Press Saved by the Bell WINDOW WASHER Robert L. Alexander, lower right, dangles by his safety belt after a scaffold gave way during the cleaning of an 11-story building in Arlington, Va. A partner, John H. Massie, clings to the scaffold. They were rescued in 30 minutes and Alexander was treated for a broken arm. Discouraged Cambodians Appeal To U.N, and Mansfield for Help From NYT and AP Dispatches PHNOM PENH Military authorities closed Phnom Penh airport to all civilian flights last evening in an atmosphere of heightening national emergency. The atmosphere is due to continuing evidence of the Cambodian army's inability to turn back the Vietnamese in- Elsewhere . . j To Trinidad, Just in Case Six U.S. Navy vessels are moving toward dissension-torn Trinidad to evacuate American citizens if necessary Page A 12. Stocks Tumble The Dow Jones industrial average lost 9.90 points yesterday, its worst one-day setback since January-Page C 9. Amusements B 22-23 Classified ... C 11 Editorials . . . A 8 Financial . . . C 9-10 Obituaries Radio, TV Sports . . Women . . B13 . C2 C3-8 Bl-7 vaders, who at one point are within 15 miles of the capital, and the lack of response from any nation except Indonesia to Premier Lon Nol's appeal to all nations for arms aid. The airport will remain closed until sometime today, according to military sources, in connection with an important military operation. The operation is presumably directed at dislodging North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces from the district capital of Saang, about 15 miles south of here. Meanwhile, Cambodia lodged an urgent appeal through the United Nations yesterday for aid in combating the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong. Wants Public Opinion Awakened Cambodian Ambassador Khim Tit circulated among U.N. Security Council members a letter asserting his country will never "bow to the law of the jungle" and is determined to protect its independence and territorial integrity. The air of discouragement over the failure of such countries as the United States and France, on whom Cambodia had counted for important aid, reached a point last evening where the official military spokesman, Maj. Am Rong, appealed to foreign newsmen to awaken world public opinion to Cambodia's pressing need for arms, ammunition and other equipment. Am Rong declined to say how long the army can hold out with the ammunition it has. High officials have been making the same appeal to journalists in private See DISCOURAGED Back page, col. 2, this section Look Ahead Furnished by the U.S. Weather Bureau LOUISVILLE area-Cloudy, windy chance of thunderstorms; clearing in afternoon. High 74; low 48. Rain chance 50 per cent today; 5 per cent tonight. Fair tomorrow. KENTUCKY Cloudy, chance of showers and thunderstorms. Highs in 7Os-80s; lows in 40s-jOi. Fair to partly cloudy tomorrow. TENNESSEE Cloudy,' . scattered showers ond thun.derstorms. Highs in 7Os-80s; lows in 50s. INDIANA Cloudy, chance of showers. . Highs in 6Os-70s. Partly cloudy tomorrow, , High yesterday, 81; low, 48. Year Ago: High, 56; low, 45. Sun: Rises, 5:57; sets, 7:26. Moon: Rises, 10:10 p.m.; sets, 6:43 a.m. Weather map ond details, Page C 11. Long, Lucrative Contracts Are Suicide, UAW Told By NEIL GILBRIDE ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. (AP) Secretary of Labor George P. Shultz told the United Auto Workers yesterday that negotiating big pay increases into long-term labor contracts could spell economic suicide for the nation. "We suggest, in your own interest, that Operators' Complaints Heard Congress to Study Mine-Law Policy By WARD SINCLAIR Courier-Journal & Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON Following a blizzard of complaints from the coal industry, the House Labor subcommittee chairman said yesterday that his panel will investigate enforcement of the new federal mine safety law. Chairman John Dent, D-Pa., charged that the U.S. Bureau of Mines has "completely disregarded the intent of Congress in several key areas," & Dent's announcement came as sweet music to the ears of a group of Ken tuckians who were among a number of small-mine operators here the past two days, trying to publicize the plight they say the law has put them in. They spent two days knocking on doors, seeing legislators, meeting with bureau officials and telling their story to almost anyone who was willing to listen. Some of their complaints about the new law were similar to complaints voiced by Dent as it was announced that the subcommittee will open hearings on the subject in the near future. The Pennsylvania congressman said the bureau, now without a permanent director, has undergone a "wholesale" turnover of personnel since Congress passed the act, creating administrative confusion here and in the coalfields. He also charged, as did the operators, that a set of penalty schedules had been imposed that is not consistent with that which Congress envisioned and that the Bureau has failed to allow flexibility in enforcing standards. Moreover, Dent said, some bureau See HOUSE PAGE 6, col. 1, this section you don't pin yourself to escalated costs projected far into the future," Shultz said. The union will serve major wage demands on the 'big three' auto firms in July. Shultz told some 3,000 UAW convention delegates that the nation's worst inflation in 20 years will slow considerably by the end of this year. "People who project highly escalated costs well into the future are building trouble for themselves and they're building trouble for all of us," he said. 'Formula for Suicide' Asked at a news conference to elaborate, Shultz said some three-year cohstuc-tion contracts are being negotiated for wage increases of 15 per cent a year. "Projecting that across the whole of industry is a formula for suicide," he , said. Shultz declined to comment specifically on the UAW's demands for a "substantial" wage increase, major pension improvements and many other benefits in negotiations with General Motors, Ford and Chrysler, Auto contracts expire Sept. 14. Shultz said that President Nixon's economic policies are beginning to cool inflation and that he agrees with UAW Sec LONG PAGE 6, col. 1, this section ft

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