Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on March 4, 1945 · Page 12
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 12

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Sunday, March 4, 1945
Page 12
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TWELVE SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD, SUNDAY, MARCH 4, 1945 Jap Prisoners Still Believe Nips Will Win Only.. Few Disillusioned After Getting First Hand ..:•'.• TasJe of American : :; Power Some Japs Have Little Face Tp Lose .;••:. IThlt urlkili* »tor» on t>it me •ntlook o/ Jspantlt frtomtrt t>{ . a«j c-blvintd train, tnlirtlati tbro «n inttrfrttrr 6> an Auotlal'4 f co«e«a<ro([on ranpi >» Mtwt '..'• By RUSSELL BRINES ;.-, L«yte, March 3—A le.v weeks ago they wers among th» tag end* of brolcen Japanese mrny. units, fleeing toward the west eoaiit of Leyte—the fiction ot Nippon's military destiny •xploded in ihelr f*cea by an array of American power greater than t^er they had dreamed. Today, they are prisoners of war tn this trim, well-run camp. They have regained health and strength on the jitnndard U. S. Army rations and loa» the dread that their American captors would tortura and tall them. They 1 have settled Into i the dreary rowlna of waiting !or the future. •vTher* camp — no olflccrs and none ot the «peciftlly trained "young fanatics. These kre iha weak, hopeless or frightened UUle men who dropped by the way»id«, slinrt of iha Japan: ein soldier's creed—to die for the ; ; : emperor. ' ;; Kiccent Constrljiu doctrine .of ; The majority : ol thc-se prisoners were recent conscripts, starting military training In 19«, although they were jsomewhat older than the xisual new draftee.v Their training was utimpy and their battla experience limited, -For th? most part they were army drudsw who hacked through jungles or drRgRfd guns to mountain, peaks In the ant-like labor by which the Japanese com- lov»kl»n. They have retained quaint ress and superstitions, iilng in the mountains of the choslovikUn border, the Spree tlver wind* 70 mile* north war a to Cottbui. «orthwe*t of th« city the Iver spliU Into hundreds of.caan- neli with thoucands'of liny .Islands. Here and there in thl« watery network are ancient village* In -which ach hqunv lUodc on a tiny islet of iti own. Even mechanized Soviet might it not likely to sweep over much of this amphibious, Spree Wald empire at the Wends. In summer, Wend farm boys transport Ihe family cow to and from her Island pasture in a flat- bottom boat Every home has its eel traps;.and eels, giant cucum-' bers and cherry pies are the *taple« of the Spree Wald diet. In winter, live-stock Is moved by sled, children skate to school, old women skate to church, the doctor and mailman make their rounds on steel, blades, and .policemen sleep with their skates on. :: :, ' •...•'•. •''••• : At Cottbus weekly markets and in Cottbus textile miles, Werid women in their bright-colored «klrt« and quaint headdress, are about as far from their Spree Wald haunt as they care to to, although a few have gone to Berlin as nursemaids. Oottbui, city of 53,000 people, was a compact transportation center with railroad and superhighway connecting Berlin . and Breslau amonff the many traffic routes branching out "in every direction. American visitors knew it as the "Pall River oTPhissi*".;because .of its factories employing thousands of spinners ot cotton and wool. Some tobacco products, brandies and machinery bear a Cottous label. . : • [ .;. New artificial' plastic: eyes, At-' : signed and manufactured by. three American Army dental officers, axe now being produced for wounded veterans and soldier Inductees with glass eyes. The plastic eyes hold advantages over glass eyes in that they can be made to very closely resemble human eyes, allow a more natural freedom of movement, and are practically indestructible, whereas glass eyes are easily broken. V MONTGOMERY WARD FANATIC—This JapaneM Marine . -captured on Kwkjaleta, bellevw ttislnr. San will win. MISFITS—ThlC'WWfc battalion left behind on Guadalcanal th* majority of captive* taken by American*, Them army dradges had n« face t* IOM when they surrendered. . ' govBrnment's •.'• lalsa propaganda without:a qualm because "in wartime the people should be given no chance for division.". • .. -;- 1 He'was sure Japan sttll would win the vrar. : Asked, what would happen if the Allies Invaded Japan Suzu... kl sa!d use women and children are ^300 eowjers^ Sn^thUii W[>u!d j oin ln t!ie {i g[u and defeat .,„ J i .->. ^ j nva ,j ers- .,:.; .:: . "Tliey are practicing : now : : .wUh bamboo spears," he said. .. : j;. Suzuki . gava no indication that he understood the pitiful futility of his statement. •Acceptance of Bhlnto and emperor devotion Cottbus, Cloth Weavers 9 City, Lies at Edge German Venice Washington, D. C., March 3—Approaching Cottbus, 50 air miles southeast of Berlin, have neareti the Soviet Spree forces Wald, swampland home of a Slavic people unassimilmted by the Prussians who surround them. : . :•. The Germans call them Wends. They call themselves Sorbs. Fifteen manders lions'. cor-solldatcd their posl- Som» hoped to be captured to es- o*ps jwaggarlns. brutnl officers; others were too tired and ill to care. the easiest way to live in the Japanese army, sntd Toshio, 27. former Buddlst priest and university graduate. To spetk against Shinto and to court death, he said. He reported that even the Buddlsts, who bciieve Its •. perversion by the militarists is in gentleness, are silenced. ; Importance of 'Face' : None of the prisoners was sure of being abl» to return to Japan— particularly If Japan won the war. Suzuki, the newspaperman, expressed the thought "•{ many when he said: , . its Is i centuries ago. says the National Geographic Society, their ancestors ettled on the flat, wooded shores and Islands of the 17-mlle-long, Most wers incapable ot fighting ..^ a parent| regardless of race, back when copuired. j r wan {, ( O SC8 nlv wife and four Yoahl. as we shall call him. was| chlWren agaln . ^ ft Japanese, I 26 and a To'cyo music tearher.- A !wou i d bfi a,; haraed to go college graduate, he saw Ihrough the propaganda stories of endless Japanese victories and limitless power even before he waj drafted In late 1M3. At training camp his fellow soldiers were provincial, uneducated peasants who Jrered and tormented him because ot his cdu- cntlon. ... His rion-commissioned officers were brutal sn : their attempts to maka th» sensitive musio teacher K jwaggartng, murd*rou» soldier. Without provocation, Yoshi said, officers struck him In the fac« with k. heavy nhoa and had him severely beaten for fallur* to drill smartly enough. Mora serious infractions Mint tht culprit to ths torture-mlnd- «d gendarmerie. Troops In training were told anc retold stoAej by heroic Samurai, thelr officers of Japan's anclen two-sworded warriors, alon? with fake reports of current triumphs. : "The young men of 16 and 19 «oon began to fancy themselves In crazy maze of amis of the Spree j River that gave them shelter from \ the rampaging Gotlis. • j ' Through centuries of change, through the succession of wars, the Wends have lived simply In this Venic* at Germany in the southern part of the Prussian Province of Brandenburg, unconcerned with the rise and Jail of nations around them. They have clung to their own speech, which can best be described as a mixture of Polish and Czecho- heroic roles and became «nd overbearing," said Yoshl- : 'They developed into the fanatics who volunteered for suicide mlsslons^-con vlnced their dastiny was to die fo the emperor on the battlefield." The result is an army hardened for death In which the hesitant are driven to undertake any hopeless mission through fear or maltreatment and loss of prestige. When Yoshl was sent to the Philippines he said he still believed Japan had tremendous forces there, capable of repelling any invasion. ru ; landed at Ormoc with reinforcements Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashlta wfus tossing In for his last-ditch defense. The shock of reality, said Ynahi. was terrific. . Instead of Japanese Invincibility, he saw the emperor's troops fleeing disorganized against greatly superior American forces. Instead of brave, death-defying Nipponese heroes, he »aw officers and men fleeing to the hills du^c« a heavy bombardment. Not all the prisoners were so disillusioned. Hata, a • young_ peasant farmer. w&* evidently a fanatic. He was captured while wounded tco several/ to move, but th» vlclousness with which he answered the inter• preter showed he was still pitiless. . > Suzuki, a 37-year-old newspaperman, wns self-hypnotized. Before conscription, he had published the Battlefield capture has been drilled Into the Japanese as the deepesl jossible disgrace, the product of consistent teaching in schools and at home. Most relatives of prisoners prefer to consider them dead, rather thnn admit the possibility of capture alive. \ But even with those Incapacitated and captured against their will, the total'prisoners is Infinitesimal compared to the Japanese forces «- itnded on Layte. Th« fact that inly, about 2.000 Japanese soldiers have b«en captured In ih« Pacific conflict, underlies the «fTectiveE»s5 of the tradition compelling Japanese to seek battlefield death. ... Within the camp with 'few exceptions, th« prisoneis still conform t^ the it«rn militaristic tradition. They follow the iron ritual laid down in training and obey Impliclty the orders of higher ranking prisoners And almost universally they din? to th» belief In Japan's eventual victory und the myth of her "benevolent" armies. EXGAGEMEJfT SURPRISE Chicago, March 3 (Jft —Mrs. Esther Clason, held up by three youths, slipped her engagement ring off her finger and dropped it In a vacant lot to save it from ths robbers. The bandits took her purse, a watch and wedding ring, and fled « she screamed. ... When Mrs. Clason went to look for her engagement ring she couldn't find it but police found her purse which the fleeing robbers had dropped. • If Back Aches Flush Kidneys Do Jtx coffer from Oetttn* Op Hlrbtc, Bfcck*ch«, &crr(Kune*s; Lef Ptdn^ Dtnl- old n«. eel mnd An tie*, Rii*um«tic We**:n*fts P^iofol rrua-<iowTi, do* to emh; Kldn«T *nd It *B, b**t !• food nevi: Th« rerr flrrt dose of Cy»*«c (» pbyvtciaa'* prMcrtptlon) ^su- ftR7 tow rttht to irortt b«>plct ttue Kidney- Chiati oat BZCMH »ckU mnd viutex which rr~ h«T« e*ue4 ro«r troafcl*. So Uke Cr?' eijMrlly &• directed »ad vmtch (or quick 1-.: •ad *. rapid ttvervftM in pep, mor* youtiu fetllnr Mad Tor of Urine. £r*t*x muat tur prtse Mid dtllffht TDTJ ukl saitrfr completely or yen rtmptjr return the empty pAcfcnce and your moo* y b»ek tm ru*r»nterd. Don't suffer • Docber day without frying Cnf*v 3*-u 7««r t*fi o«t.- tat* }?€ imr* fe jet gttmto*,, f 6000 RKOROS ME Bt Bt/at &»i •^- Tb« in&ndk death race rn the United State j is Tery low. From 193'( to : 1936 we ranked seteoth in the world, fed only hy New Zeajand, Holland, Australia, Norway, Switzerland, and Sweden. * ;• '"". " Yet 70,OOO infants die annually In the first month of Kfe, and 53,000 more from the »*cood to th« twelfth month. How many of the*« precious infants might hare Hred had their mothers had adequate prenatal careunderthcdirectionofa competent physician? It is now up co the mothers to rake advantage of the knowledge and skill of the physician daring the trying monrfvj of pregnancy. We are ready to supply the needed dietary supplements ind other medication ordered by K WALSH, McCAGH & HOLTZMAN PHARMACY "Wuiiin Marflonfi Leading PrttcilptitHi Cenftr" CORNER BEOfORO AND CENTRE STREETS • ; > DILIVIRY — PHONi 3644 or 943 Be Wise...Order Now! It now take* lix months or more to cet memorials from the quarries and U icltiar worse. W* nrje you to com* in* now ud m»ie your *electto& for Spcinj dcHvcry while w« h»v« a. c«m- pV«i- (lock io (elect from. IFWAKE e/ "chtap" pricti You t*t fhat jou pay forl D. R. Kitzmiller Memorials , Fhonc ni lor »n «Tenlnt ftppolntmeat If inert conTcnltnl. . Formerly f/i* A. A. Roeder Co. : Frederick, at George St. _ '. \. Phon« 3-7-9 Use our stone burial vault—Natural stone, _nature's own product. The only vault thai will itand the test of time underiround. &e» u» for further tnfornuition. . . : . .;' . Cumberland's Pott War Planned Bank , If You Are Finding It Difficult to MaintainYour WARTIME FAMILY BUDGET Due to:— • Rim in Coif of Liyinf • lncr*o*« in TaxM • PurchaM of War Saving.! . • Obligationi Undcrtaktn Prior to Thii Emergency : . : . •..-.••.•• ' .'•'.'.' • '. 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And what could be smarter than the new braid trim/ velvet, collars, precise d»-_ tailing on thes« coats? 12-20. : -^._ - •- ..'•' ' ' '• - •'-' ' '. . ' '-• ' •' t :'i -." Select your coat today. Pay later^ out-bf-income, on Wards Time ment Plan. V .ontgomery

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