Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on March 16, 1976 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, March 16, 1976
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Carroll Daily Times Herald Comment & Feature Page Tuesday, March 16,1976 One Black Mark Records compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics reveal the death rate in the United States fell in 1975 to the lowest ever recorded. From a rate of 9.2 per 1,000 population in 1974, deaths last year dropped to 9 per 1,000 population. Preliminary data, based on 10 per cent sampling of death certificates, found only one major killer disease increased last year — cancer. If complete data (based on nearly 100 per cent samplings) confirms the preliminary data, this one disease will offset much of the otherwise good news on American health. / Based on the first 11 months of 1975, cancer deaths showed an increase of 2.8 per cent over 1974. That would be the largest single annual increase on record since a 4 per cent increase in 1945, a year in which health statistics were distorted by the millions of young men serving overseas. the increase in cancer deaths, which has been averaging about 1 per cent for years, jumped to 1.9 per cent in 1974. The further increase indicated for 1975 provides proof that cancer is not yet under control. Upward Mobility Members of the U.S. House of Representatives tend to be a restless lot. Perhaps it is because being one of 435 inhibits individual achievement. This year, so far, 17 — a record number — have announced they are aiming for the Senate, where the competition is less than one-fourth and the term of office three times as long as that of the House. The previous record of lower house members seeking the upper chamber was in 1970, when 16 tried to make the switch. Most lost. That fact doesn't seem to deter this year's crop, and the 17 already announced may be joined by others. While the mood to move upward in Washington seems to be gaining, the urge to return home and run for governor is on the wane. In 1974, eight representatives made that attempt. This year only one is moving in that direction. Iowa's six representatives, however, have little choice but to seek reelection to their present office. Governor Robert Ray will be in the middle of his first four-year term of office, Senator Dick Clark will have two more years to serve on his first Senate term, and Senator John Culver will not have to face the voters for four more years. Less than a week before Kentucky's latest coal mine tragedies, statistics on similar accidents were made available for all of 1975. On-the-job mining deaths took 155 lives last year, the highest toll for a year since 1972. As it happens, Kentucky was the scene of more fatalities in 1975 than any other state — 48, double the 24 lives lost in 1974. The Scotia Mine tragedies in southeastern Kentucky is all but certain to bring new calls for a look at Kentucky's mine safety record. Of all occupations in which man is engaged, few could be classed as Mine Tragedies hazardous as underground mining. Modern machinery, safety regulations and inspections have considerably reduced the chances for major mine disasters, but they have not been eliminated. Perhaps the nature of the work is such that they never can be reduced to an optimum zero — not without pricing mine products out of the marketplace. The inherent hazards of the mining industry should be an impediment to constantly striving to improve safety performance so that major catastrophes, if they occur at all, one day will become much rarer than they are at present. Inside Report Legislative Report Criminal Code by Rep. Carroll Perkins We began debate in the House on the 427-page bill to revise Iowa's criminal code last Tuesday. The bill covers everything from speeding tickets to first degree murder. It includes legislation on capital punishment, obscenity standards, feticide, sex between consenting adults, a definition of death, and decriminalization of marijuana among its proposed amendments and language in the bill. It is the first time in Iowa 'history that an attempt has been made to rewrite the entire criminal section of Iowa law. The bill would assign penalties according to the seriousness of each crime. Seven categories of offenses are established, each with a uniform penalty. Presently the criminal code classifies crimes in two categories, felonies and misdemeanors, and each crime definition includes classification of that crime and a penalty for that crime. To date we have acted on several major amendments: Restoration of Capital Punishment — We rejected amendments which would have restored capital punishment for a number of crimes. "Death With Dignity." The amendment which defines death as a cessation of brain function was adopted on a voice vote. It reads, "A person will be considered dead if in the announced opinion of two physicians based on ordinary standards of medical practice, that person has experienced an irreversible cessation of spontaneous brain functions." Sponsors said the definition is necessary to allow physicians to decide when death has occurred even though artificial means such as machines may be prolonging life, I would like to have heard more debate on this amendment. I believe it could be one of the more far-reaching in the entire bill. , Deadly Force to resist a forcible felony. The House adopted an amendment which allows persons to use deadly force which they believe to be necessary to prevent the completion of a forcible felony. The bill describes a forcible felony as "any felonious assault, homicide, sexual abuse, kidnapping, robbery, arson in the first degree, or burglary." The amendment clarifies that not only the person who is the direct target of a felony, but persons witnessing it, may use deadly force to prevent the act from being committed. Trap Guns—The House has outlawed the use of unattended spring guns or traps which are placed for the purpose of preventing intrusion on property. This was a result of a recent case in Iowa where a trap gun was set in an abandoned farm house, and courts subsequently held the owner to be liable for the injuries which resulted when an intruder was shot in the legs. Law Officers Use of Deadly/Force — To allow guards and officers to use such force to stop escape attempts by felons and the persons imprisoned for aggravated misdemeanors was approved. , There are 'Several hundreds more amendments to consider, and debate on this bill is expected to last two to three weeks. "Quote/Unquote" "Intelligence has traditionally existed in a shadowy field outside the law. This year's excitement has made clear that the rule of law applies to all parts of the American government, including intelligence. In fact, this will strengthen intelligence. Its secrets will be understood as necessary for (our) protection, not for covers for mistakes or misdeed." . —Former CIA head William Colby, on the new intelligence reform proposals. "I think we've all grown up and learned that everyone with long hair is not necessarily a good guy. There are some good guys in the Pentagon and some bad guys out in the streets." —Folk singer Arlo Guthrie. "We make no secret of the fact that we see detente as the way to create more favorable conditions for peaceful socialist and Communist construction.. This only confirms that socialism and peace are indissoluble." —Soviet Communist leader Leonid Brezhnev, addressing the 25th Communist Party Congress in Moscow. Reagan After Florida By Roland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON - The harsh reality that not even the most brilliant turn of strategy can now salvage Ronald Reagan's challenge against President Ford in the wake of the Florida results poses an agonizing question for Republican conservatives: can his candidacy be long preserved to keep pushing the President rightward? Considering how close Reagan has come to defeating the awesome mystique of the presidency, Reagan's 1 key operatives refuse to concede what political realists regard as inevitable. But Reagan conservatives outside the Reagan inner circle are now concerned more with how to keep political pressure on Gerald Ford — "keeping him honest," as one conservative leader told us — than on actually beating him. Thus, there is implicit conflict between Reagan's inner circle and the conservative movement supporting him that may grow more apparent in the days ahead. By keeping Reagan in the race to take advantage of some unforeseeable change in fortune, what the conservatives have gained in influence from Reagan's candidacy could be dissipated in worsening primary defeats and in accelerating attacks on the President by a desperate challenger. This conflict was foretold hours after Mr. Ford's win in Florida, once a Reagan stronghold. Since there are no longer great expectations for Reagan in Illinois and North Carolina, top Reagan strategists stressed keeping him alive until May when they see better primary picking in Texas, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Nebraska and perhaps Indiana. "May is too late," snapped a conservative Republican Congressman who had long urged Reagan's candidacy. He and other conservatives fear a continuing string of Reagan defeats would diminish the potency of the Reagan wing. Indeed, that wing may be riding at its highest point right now following the razor-edge loss in New Hampshire and the thoroughly respectable showing in Florida. The unanswered problem of the Reagan forces, however, is how to exploit that potency from here to Kansas City, with these obvious objectives: * Influence Mr. Ford on the Republican platform — particularly its national security section, its emphasis on balanced budgets and its attack on big government; Advice Can't Avoid Uninvited Guests By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: My husband and I had a New Year's cocktail buffet party at home to which 50 people were invited. We kept OIT guest list down because of limited space and budget. The day of the party, six invited guests called to say that they had houseguests and to ask if they could bring them along! What could we say? So we had all these extra people in whom we had no interest whatsover. They took up the space and ate and drank what could have gone to our own friends. It seems to me that when people are invited to a party and they have houseguests, they should decline the invitation and not ask the hostess to Congressional Report Bean Competition by Congressman TomJrlarkiii American soybeans face stiff competition from foreign countries — most notably from Brazil — but now the Southeast Asian countries of Malaysia and Indonesia have added a new wrinkle to soybean economics. The newcomer is palm oil, now being manufactured (with the help of U.S. aid!) in quantities sufficient to drive American soybean oil out of the market. Palm oil (which' was a higher saturated fat content than soybean oil) is used interchangeably with soybean oil in many consumer products — principally oleomargarine, shortening, salad dressing, cooking oil and soap. Palm oil is also cheaper than soybean oil, and in 1974 undersold the soybean product by 29 per cent. And this is not the result of a "free market economy." On the contrary, palm oil production has been subsidized 'directly by U.S. economic fofeign aid. And since 1972, palm oil production has skyrocketed by 600 per cent. This aspect of our foreign policy has been a "spectacular success" no doubt, according to some. For example, in October last year, the U.S. State Department approved a World Bank loan of $11.3 million to Indonesia for use in building a huge new palm oil processing plant in North Sumatra. The 25,000 metric tons of palm oil this plant will churn out, starting in 1980, will all be exported — most of it to the U.S. As an example of "effective" aid to a developing nation, this can hardly be surpassed. But like the woodchopper who split his foot with his own axe, our State Department brain trust has dealt a vicious blow to American agriculture! Since the low price of palm oil is our own doing, I feel we should enact a tariff on palm oil imports to bring relative palm oil and soybean oil prices into parity. Furthermore, at least as far as the repressive and incompetent government of Indonesia is concerned, I think our foreign aid has gone about far enough — a fact I intend to hammer home at the State Department until they understand it! The palm oil debacle illustrates very clearly that our zany foreign aid "freebies" to supposedly friendly countries can spell disaster to our own domestic economy. It is time to recognize that foreign aid, like the quack doctor's "Snake Oil," is no cure-all for what ails us! . )• "Quote/Unquote" "I feel I am very independent. I think the Democratic Party has been the party of change and independence ... But 1 would not be too complacent if I were . . . sitting in the high councils, because things are moving in a way we had better take account of. or that party will go the way of a lot of others that have not changed with time." —California Gov. Jerry Brown, on the future of the Democratic Party. DAILY TIMES HERALD 508 North Court Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday and Veteran's Day, by the Herald Publishing Company. JAMESW. WILSON, Publisher W.L. REITZ, News Editor JAMES B.WILSON, Vice President, General Manager Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2,1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County a.rxl City Subscription Rates By carrier delivery per week $ .60 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties where carrier service is not available, per year $20.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties'ln Zones 1 and 2 per year J23.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $27.00 Berry's World >.©1976byNi;A. Inc. "/ ask you, are we desensitized from caring? Have we become comfortable with violence entertain their houseguests, too. How does one handle such rudeness? BEEN HAD DEAR BEEN: Sorry, but when you're stuck, you're stuck. When invited guests ask to bring their houseguests along, there is no way to tell them they are not welcome. I can see where uninvited guests might present a real problem at a sit-down dinner, which I would not hesitate to point out, but a cocktail buffet can usually be stretched to handle some additional guests. DEAR ABBY: Why does my boyfriend have to get drunk before he says, "I love you?" PUZZLED DEAR PUZZLED: Because he needs the "courage" either to lie or tell the truth. DEAR ABBY: Get a load of the following, published April 3, 1919 in "The Alabamian," the weekly newspaper of the 167th Infantry in the Army of Occupation of Germany with the Rainbow Division: EASY ON PANTS Pants are made for men, not for women. Women are made for men, not for pants. t . . , When a man pants for a woman and a woman pants for a man, that makes a pair of pants. Pants are like molasses: They are thinner in hot weather and thicker in cold weather. There has been much discussion as to whether "pants" is singular or plural. Seems to us that when men wear pants they are plural, and when they don't, it is singular. If you want to make pants last, make the coat first. SLIM SUTHERLAND, HISTORIAN, RAINBOW DIVISION VETERANS DEAR SLIM: Thanks for a dandy day brightener! * Preserve lor Keagan at least some special prerogatives on the selection of the vice presidential candidate (though Reagan himself seems out of the nuestion for the post I: * Confirm Reagan's right to speak for the President and the party on big issues, particularly on national security, during the campaign. Nothing remotedly akin to Richard Nixon's genuflection to Nelson Rockefeller before Nixon's 1960 presidential nomination — the notorious Fifth Avenue pact — is erlvisaged by conservatives. "There's not that much difference anyway any more," we were told by one Southern party leader who privately favors Reagan. "Reagan got about as much out of Ford as he could just by running. Now we have to hold onto what we got." But how much did Reagan really get and how much more might be achieved? Except for scuttling Vice President Rockefeller and the President's about-face to veto the common situs picketing bill, Reagan's gains thus far are found more in the administration's rhetoric than in any perceptible changes in program and policy. When state chairman Clarke Reed of Mississippi visited the White House last month to protest the Ford-Kissinger policy of detente, he was breezily informed by political counselor Robert T. Hartmann that "detente" was no longer in use — thereby scooping Mr. Ford's own announcement of that fact. To the Clarke Reeds, however, substituting pro-detentist William W. Scranton for anti-detentist Daniel P. Moynihan at the United Nations suggests the word is dropped and the policy remains. Thus, conservatives doubt whether continued pressures on Mr. Ford from a continued Reagan primary campaign will produce a harder line in the administration's national security policies. Their fear is the degeneration of Reagan's extraordinary performances against an incumbent President to evermore humiliating defeats. Moreover, in his belated overt criticism of the President, Reagan undercut his own influence within the party by suggesting Mr. Ford is a symbol of the party's Watergate problem. That infuriated the President's partisans and disturbed Reagan's own followers. "Dragging all that out again was just horrible," an angry pro-Reagan Congressman told , us. Yet, Reagan aides believe his sharpened criticism of Mr. Ford — on national security grounds — the last six days before the Florida election drastically reduced a huge lead built by the President in the closing few weeks of the campaign. "We are through with euphemisms," one Reagan insider told us. "We'll hit at Ford directly, not at Washington." Such talk is bold. But there is an undercurrent of feeling on the Republican right that this is a desperate last gasp that will neither help Reagan nor change the President's course. Jumble ACROSS 1 Canadian province 8 Swindle 13 Shorten 14 Bridal path 15 Chemical suffix 16 Obtain 17 Father (Latin) 18 Fathers (coll.) 20 Weep 22 Group of players 23 Daybreak (comb, form) 25 Philippines province 27 Sulker 30 Took five 34 Hawaiian pepper 35 Scoria 38 Boundary (comb, form) 39 Unit of reluctance 40 Assistants 41 Compass point 42 Turning point 44 Assault 46 Dill herb 48 Northeast (ab ) 49 Water vessel 52 Railroads (ab.) 54 Roof finials 58 Iroquoian Indians 60 Possessive pronoun 62 Yellow bugle plant 63 Snake 64 Resources 66 Bewails 67 Contestant DOWN 1 Biting 2 Moon 3 Brought up 4 And (Fr.) 5 Tatter 6 Cravats 7 Singing voices Answer to Previous Puzzle eijfiQ anm R ASER AIL.1EIRIT WB£ m 8 Head covet 9 Chasm 10 Italian city 11 Athena 12 Duration of office 19 Observe 21 Purse 24 Decree 26 Instruction 27 Grape refuse 28 Above 29 Hawaiian precipice 31 .Hurl 32 Gaelic 33 Food regimen 36 Stair part 37 Alleged force 43 Glossy fabric 45 Born 47 Instant 49 Ray 50 Religious book 51 Verdian opera 53 Masculine nickname 55 Brocket 56 "Terrible" tsar 57 Seasoning 59 Seniors (ab.) 61 Seaport (ab.) 65 Symbol for indium

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