Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 8, 1944 · Page 16
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 16

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 8, 1944
Page 16
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SIXTEEN- SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBEllLANU, i«i>., SUlNJJAy UCTOBBH 9, Carl's Scrapbook .Andrew Roy Recalled Taught Miner**'Children Early Days of Field Figured In Morey Incident Andrew Spier's CareerVel«k Singers Organize ^ T ....., yr ,. 1 , p . L ., T .. -,„;.„., By FRANK USK "*•'• NI...HB..: u .'.'i'..j....... :...._f. Bcxapboolc, Is And cure nection ' read: -hlstuiiaii, with the read: . or two, Ret 11, know how." he dictate a be a veri courtship, blossomed female 1 British pits. Anc • of th England. " Before were were rosed to To have In Ism. nnd his tlnys of follows, peared ers' Journal: A days t!\n young ok, ruminating, came . name of Andrew Roy, It mectlon with an article d by him to -the United •keri Journal many years m' occurred that compura- ntiy the name of Andrew sed In the Evening Times. enough it was— in con- ?lth a review August 13 wlnaUng book, "Coal Dust Iddle," son gs and . 4 torles Itumlnous industry, writ- eorge Korson, -agraph pertaining to Roy idrew- Roy, early miners' -wrnsje~ffame is legendary Oeorgca Creek field- In calved the problem of looks in schools, a serious &1 camps." il Dust on the Fiddle we ck of free textbooks was problem in the coal camps, waa fought out in many ny house. • Johnnv would nft from school and In a tone address his mother nanner: "Maw, you ain't ,hat Jogerfy yet; teacher to get it." Her only reply eak out Into a cry. Father Violently when he came -n the mine. With an oath he might say: "If that rants you to have a geo- nd wants you to have It n I do, and knows how to 11 her to get It. I don't ?." : w Roy, early miners' his- ilved the problem of no In his own way. In 1853, .caching n. school main* the rninw In the Georges d of Maryland. He would lesson from a book, arid wrote It down on paper, s exchanged- papers and earned from each other," !D SONGS OF I PIT GIRLS Ide of a coal mine may not y attractive backdrop for yet many a romance there In the days when iibor was employed in ts. Roy recalled seeing one It girls when he was in "She was standing on the o said, "with her hfjids on singing a, song, snatches I still remember, although hlnk I ever heard it since. as follows: a pain In my side and at It dancing, 5 deedle al al, f») the die ee.'' • ' v . work was far, from a song, male labor in the mines Ished in the forties, girls en into pits when :they more than six year*, old, boys of the same age. 1 to loaded pit .cars," these crawled on all four»--pull- load through rat-mfeated, :k entries, and little girls were «the foul language and j of the pit, and often ke boys to escape insults, a collier lad attach hlm- jlrl was considered a piece >rtune since ho waj in duty protect her. Chivalry ac- r or many ft pitched battle iark entries. erlcan coal camps, as In he sons nnd daughters of Iners were brought up in phcre of austere purltan- [IROUS SPIRIT OF iIARYT>\ND FIELDS .ner, civil engineer, author irlnn. , refers to the eaj)y Marylarfd coal mining as n an article which ap- i the United Mine -Workin 1: >m prevailed in" the early he Maryland coal field for g and more adventurous long the miners to lake a i the river in the fall of and work during the fall LC mines of the Mononga- jr district. The Baltimore nllroad was not than com- pleted to Wheeling, and the direct route to trw river, mines of the MonongaheJa was over the Allegheny Mountains, via the National turnpike, to Brownsville; thence on the deck of a steamboat A trip by stage, or In the cabin of a "floating palace," was too expensive a luxury to be indulged In. Sometimes the trip was extended to the mines of CaseyvUle arid Tradewater, on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, wages, being better in that more distant district. The miners of those days had a horror, of ague, which; prevailed in the_ C*»yviHe julu$&t ATrct wlic*i one of tnwn-fft*- turned to: the Maryland mines with the "sliakes", he was an object of general commiseration among his fellows. . . Some of the pioneer • miner* of the Frostburg region still survive, but the great majority hav'e been gathered U< their fathers. These pioneer* of the subterranean work-? shop of the' Alleghenles were hard working, honest men, whose ambition in life was to save enough money with which to buy a farm in the West, and scores of them did, settling in Iowa and Wisconsin, where they carried -with them Tneir habit* or perseverance, euun^- omy and thrift, "and made up by the exercise of these virtues for any lack of agricultural knowledge. They would return to the mines in the fall ot the year, after they had got through with their harvests, work all winter in the mines, and return to their farms in- the spring" with enough money to buy needed stock, None - of them ever returned permanently to the mines, preferring the broad expanse of the prairie and manly Independence yielded by Mother Earth to the everlasting gloom of the' coal mine, with its ever recurring dangers from falling masses of roof and coal, and the foul and noxious gases which perpetually polluted the air. UNUSUAI, STORY OF YOUNG ECKHART MINER One of the miners whose career waa quite, remarkable, wfes Ransom T. Powell, He was born at Eckhart Mines In 1B<3, and enlisted as R private soldier during the Civil War when only il years of age. A year later he .WM taken prisoner in bat- tie and kept in the Infamous Ander- sonvllle prtwn for 11 months. After the, war he resumed work in the mines, and while, digging coal at Sokhart Mines waa summoned to Washington to give testimony in regard to the Morey letter, which played so Important a part In the Clarneld presidential campaign, A pretended accomplice 9* Morey who claimed to be a' detective of the miners/ union of. Maryland, was under arrwt for forgery, Powell exposed- him a» a fraud, and caused him to be sent to the penitentiary, for which eerviee Fowell ira* appointed to a government position, and waa in the service , of the government at the time of hfs death Another 'miner who deserve*/ a pawing notice wa* Andrew Spier, of Lonaconing. While a young miner workini on George'* Creek he taught free night school, and more than one young man of the mines, who ha» made. *. success of life, owed his first aspiration, to better hi* condition to the encouragement he received from th* precept and example of this Intelligent miner. Who afterwards rose from the miner's. pick to the- presidency of one of the coal companies of this region. He was a fine scholar, and it was a rare treat to hear him read Shakespeare and Burns, whose poetry he could quote from memory with the facility and power of a first clean actor. (NOTE:— The Mr. Spier referred to was the late Andrew Spier of Cumberland.) THE FIRST OPENING OF OLD OCEAN MINK Around about .1900 we take from the ncrapbook another article hist as It appeared then: Just at the close of the Civil War, when the country was beginning to Teel the Impetus of the marvelous business boom that lasted until 1872, and during which the United Status 1 stride industrial^ «K uccan • TJ/>H K «M V nor*e* r •M|M Mit Vi,' nineo by ent, air 1 ttIA ?«'«hi >we . zasni rjore (tea ley, wh!c nonumen nj engln< present o working 1 ;he slope iaul up t _»t tt« A lost, the locomotlv Pascoe, t genius wh New Shai The "b< gine the jsed onlj hauling e of the m place the the "lye," gan to p now aupp in 1885 Ph!Hp'M< boss"! .was man mln the same the "Ant 1 •steper-HO feet, is rr pllcated switches, loaded ca About th down in having 3d feet long, pushed tc all this g mules d man's bul blta of * their nlrr loaded en rooms ati the "lye," ground. makes th 27 cars < grass in bis* dude of 150. ho cars, "witl coal on up to the ing steel It Ukes load to t 375 feet t as the ca of about weighmas ing— has down be deal." WEIjSH f\T^riv TX UJVCfc In M rV\ai T otmJ i, many f01 l!*m J. ganlxer, nfilu Tdo pvnnt»r1 0 urq K. t«;*4 & stayer, s< Vicious ft *_ M Ll___ icnung t »/If i-i tViA WJtu tnc ranks of Ho dnd pi PS wiled. tnBn 6CCH have left l~,_ Inff, — nis two s dreds of c Fiddle." One, "C al,* llUfn air, Ma lech." T ^ads, (TJ nal, Marc of 'a little posed aw the meet the . Indi and wh! union, in non»un!oi interest. Wales wi which it Jo u, The otl of Vic lor j aloft for erary mei Brown's arms, 1 ' 1 miners, T United M 1, 1«M, i for eleht wtonUhsd the world, the Consolidation Goal Company, which had been operating Frost. Mine, Eckhart and Hoffman, decided to try sn opening further down, tr* valley, at the lower end of toeir property, and sent John Ford,. »n experienced 1 miner ot Fnwtburg, to bow the Job. James B, Thomas w«u superintendent of the company at that time. The old unused drift, now between the air compressor room and. the engine hou*e, was the first opening Ocean "Mine. ."•'.;.". • Hor*e» haul«<t th« coal, which was ined by the methods then preva- ent, air being conducted in primi- and ventilation made by. a tail brick chim- which still atands a cracked i»ul up by horses, beside the time mpany put In a Email engineered by Robert The "boys" called the little en"Ant." The "Ant" was in the main heading, . , Mine Boss Ford dying PhlHp'McMahon, the present mine boss! .was brought over, from Hoffman raine-and Installed, Practically the same system used In the days of the "Ant 1 ; is now: practiced." The big I... T., April I. 1903." » upholds Johnny Mitchell, the hero-of the "ay." ....... ' "In back numbers of the .United line Workers. Journal, may be pund allusions to in old custom: ."One of the Interesting and en- oyable incidents of, the convention today was the rendition of.the convention song by National Organizer William Warden * ' * sung by him with great effect, being greeted with ong and loud cheers. It was sung to an old WeUh hymn," This was n 1903, feet, is met at the-,foot by a complicated maze of trackage and switches, the gathering place of the loaded cars from rniles of -workings About thirty miles of track is now down in the mine, many headings having 30 and -40 rooms, 400 to 500 feet long, broken off. and now being pushed toward the "crop." Through all this gloomy labyrinth the mine mules dodge, playing .at "blind man's bull" with the rough .ties ant bits of slate which rattle !agalnst their nimble hoofs, assembling the loaded cars from the multitude of rooms and hauling the.m miles to the "lye," the car yard down under- where the head driver em up in! each and sends them to grass in the powerful grasp of the big duplex hoisting engines, which of 150.horsepower, whirl the heavy cars, -with' from 210 to 216 cwt. ol coal on each, by company weight up to the scales and into' the waiting steel cars .each carrying 50 tons It Ukes three minutes to Iiall a load to the top against a grade of 375 feet to the mile, and at the top as the cars hit the scales at a gaii of about twelve miles an'hour, the weighmaster does some tall guessing—has to — trying to get -the men feet "a square "Coal Dust on the Piddle'' prints many fpllc songs. Two are by William J. Wardjon, a national or- ganlier, whos« appearance in this field, more than forty y«ars ago created general hubbub. The Welsh singer, so he/ was, was subject tc Vicious attacks as there was unrelenting opposition : to organization With the result of a. cleavage in the ranks of the miners. Both the public and private life of Wardjon were assailed. All of the "terrible-ado* then seems like a myth now and wa have left aa a reminder of Wardjon his two songs, presented with "hun- One, "Onward We Go," is to the "March of the Men of Har- The note in connection (United Mine Workers Jour- 3, 1903): "I send words of'R little labor song which I com- ave sung extensively at s I have addressed in Territory (Oklahoma) has helped me very „ Ining the attention o non»un!on men and arousing their interest. My own countrymen fron Wales will know well the tune to it is .sung 11 —W. M.-' Ward- The other song. "Oklahoma Song of Victory," which could not be helc aloft for favorable Criticism for literary merit, is to the tune of "John y," and is a "call to figuratively, to the coa miners, The author in a note to the Mine Workers Journal, Aprt" 1, 1004, says: "Composed expressly Good News, Cumberland! JACK BENNY IS BACK OH THE AIR MARY LIVINGSTON PHIL HARRIS ROCHESTER DON WILSON * LUCKY STRIKE NBC NETWORK 7 P. M. WTBO STAMPS IN THE NEWS Af FlATUfES The 100th anniversary of the birth _of_jcomposer_.NlcoJal-AndreU vltch Rimsky-Koreakof is marked by four new Russian. stamps Juat received 1 In this country, Of two similar designs, Illustrated here, the stamps are imperforate and feature Btsky-Korsakof'a portrait. Values and'colors are: 30 kopeck gray; 60-k olive green; one ruble, light green, and three- rubles violet, Rlmskyi Korsakof was- born in Tekhvlu and spent s'eyeral ••••••-. ..-;:. years in trw Russian navy' before devoting himself a musical career; He. wrote his • first symphony in 1885 and his -first opera in 18T2. His influence on music was ..widely felt, especially" among Russian', composers. -; Increased 'special delivery ; rates' effective'Nov. i will: bring two new United States .special • delivery stamps, in 13- and 17rcenl denomlr nations, the Post Office department has announced, 'Identical in size, color and design with the current 10- and 15-cent special delivery stamps, the ne,w stamps:will be placed oh sale for the, first time Oct. 30 at Washington, and first day cancellations .may'.be, secured by -sending-addressed- envelopes • to the Postmaster, Washington 13, D. 0,, with cash or money order, to cover the-cost, of-the stamps to be affixed.. All such covers must have postage at the'regular first class rate already affixed. * * ; < Booklet- panes and new color variations Iri the V, S, Presidential eeries 'are Hated: for the .first time Jn the first, volume of the.- ^6 standard. Catalogue, which covers stamps; o'r the Americas arid, "'the' British:.Commonwealth; or -Nation*; Hugh : M. Clark and. :Trtereia M. 01»rk; .-who' Ha'ye done • their-:uauial nn> Job of. wiling the new volume, report prices sUeady'wlth usual rise*, Listing of.;, booklet', pinei '"or stamps.. issued' • In.-. booklet - fonji, both .for' the. UiUtejl-.States":;arid foreign, countries,- -mark* reopgnii lion of, ^specialty- type: collection which ; hM,-; grown more popular In th«"; pasj; -'; few • 'years', Only those;. paries which ! .the editors have neen in complete booklet* are listed *.nd theK editor* solicit ths opportunity to. • exaralnY. any booklets containing -unlisted",panes The Booklet Pane Society last'May listed 90 countries as having :issued booklet panes, • ;-.";; Collectors of tr. a, stamps should ba especially interested in the color : variations of tho current Presidential set now given cata. logue listing; cdlor vacations in the set are now listed for the 1. 1%, 3, 4.'414, 6,7,8,9, 10,13, 18,20, 25 and 13,00 values. :• V ' .*•-*.• • • Still earlier Guam cancellations than those previously reported here continue 'to come to light. Mrs' W. P.. Hays of Frankfort. Ind write*, that the! has Covers similarly; cancelled but- bearto'i'UWi dates of Aug. 4, 5.and 7 .while;Mrs.'Ruth Mlddleton of .MuncJeyJrid,, reports an, -Aug. «iearjd.eHa.Upn 'on'ii letter written Auf,,J -''Jri' *.^oxhpite :«hb>r a, borab.-torn, hOHse'-^-'on'^iauam:-;: .-:• • ;-'v. 1 "'-v- ; -f "'rr-OwrgevA; ; Bcott .-.'..: R.eyle'w. From. .lV*ipay •• :'•'• < t A "number 'of out*tand,lrig experts In.:-?ir*«uay; -well j known;- in cthe phn*^mtic v>world,'• have'.- Issued, under ;thetr editorship the first arid Realizing- the. : '».rnouht or :difftaujtles'i •;(h^? (Klitor^ had 'to cop*;:with:. to • Hay*:" pubU*hftfl: the 10,000 .copies/of-thi*-'ftir«t ; Issue,-brie cannot but': admire-thta -work accomplished, which-we believe to be of a high phllateUsUo standard and of- a great cultural and historical value, .-..• .'.. .- , ; ,-.."••" •;'. .; Here we find again one of those sympathetic publications, ;whosa aim . lies-, in the .oement,- prlnolpal ing. and : Ing. and furthering Inter-American relations. . : v. : /. :•-• . . ...More than 120 pages show the original conception and the hand!ness ol the material contained. In this profusely illustrated publloa- ' • ,... ;:lna*much is this IA. the only review :pt Us kind, which appears. in Paraguay and thus constitutes a of "good g*r,jja, we recommend.-- t{il« particularly, to those ' who ate in. terested r in the development of Sfl)*nce, culture and art a* well ^ the' history of our fellow-American friends: . - -. ' iMrs:-,'Fellcu-:R.". B..'Lop«s dc Mayer, proprietor ..and principal editor of the issue, -ranks 'in -'Pars- guay amongst; the. •: foremost in phJlat'eltaUe clrckw; '-.•••• • • ..Anyone interested in- further hs- formation', may apply 'to: •'••; :> : Senor AdniinisUradpr.'de lii.': : /;. Revlsta . Pilatellca Pa'ragiiaya .; • :. Oiudad: Cororiel Bosado " •' HepuWica del Paraguay •; . America del 8w Mammoth FloraLCrbss For EvarigeliBt's Riles . .Los Angeles, pot. 7W—The floral dross. on -Evftneelist Airnee Scmple McPhorson's marble -sttrcophagus in roreat bawn MemoriRi , her followers say, the largwt ever constructed, here, . . .Two carloads of flowers, most of them'white,-will form-a cross 250 feet wJd'j and 600 feet long agalrut the sloping hillside'at burial services Monday. .: She died Sept. 27 in Oakland, Calif. Let's be smart obout it ... Thij yow'll wantj>lcnry of sweaters . . . ers te wear with your skirts . . . your jumpers . . . «nd slacks, too! . . . You'll wiar $wtat«ri to school ... to work ... to the game-. . . in fact, you'll wear them most everywhere . . . with most everything from now on ... And Peskin's Fashion Floor has all'the favorite candidates to serve you faithfully term qfter term . . , in 10 many itylei and different colors you'll wonder from where they all came. FASHIONS—SfCOHD FLOOR SLIPOVERS 3.95 to 8.95 CARDIGANS ,., 5.95 to 8.95 TOMBOYS , , .5,95 145 Baltimore Street Cumb*M«n*1

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