Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 29, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 29, 1943
Page 1
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The Byline of Dependability 'OLUME 44—NUMBER 167 FDR Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. "•mm Star The Weather Arkansas: Slightly warmc. night. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1943 O (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE Strike Deadline Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN- ( ., Town Needs Half-Holiday . Per Week Happy Tomorrow—If You Buy Bonds A couple of weeks ago this column reported that Magnolia and El Dorado stores advertised they would be closed -half-a-day a week from here on out, to adapt themselves to shorter working hours, and to allow employes time to care for their Victory Gardens. We recommended this to our own w community, and repeal it agi.in today. Any town which by tradition and local trading practice has to keep its doors open on Saturday night— and that is true of every agricultural market—ought lo compcnsalc mailers by taking a half-holiday in the middle of Ihc week. It's pretty easy to find a soft spot in Ihc busi ness week when you wouldn't miss much by closing down at noon. Towns along the Arkansas river valley and elsewhere in the stale used lo declare a half-holiday all through the summer months ,possi bly Thursday afternoon — but the idea never caught on in Hope. Now we are at war, business becomes increasingly complicated because of rationing and other reg- O Tokyo Sounds Alarm of U. S. Bomber Raid By The Associated Press . Tokyo sounded a new alarm today with the assertion the United Stales was "making all kinds of preparations" to bomb Japan again, while in Washington Chairman Hcnolds iD-NC) of the Senate Military committee warned ; )the Pacific conflict may continue for many years. "It is suicide, in my opinion, to permit the Japs time to dig in in the South Pacific," Reynolds declared. , "If they arc given this time, 1 'fear they will grow so strong that the war in Ihe Pacific may lasl 10 years or 20 years or may go on forever." Coincidentally, Senator Chandler fD-Kl broadcast an appeal to cit- 'Qizens to prod congress into realization of "the danger which the country faces from the Pacific." Tokyo's forecast of a new American bombing assault on Japan came in a domestic broadcast, in- 3 ,.lcreeptcd by U. S. government "''monitors, pulling Japanese air-raid Wardens on the alert. "A raid similar to that of April 18 lasl year will be carried out," the broadcast said. While emphasis fell on the Pa• jeific slrugglc, Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau disclosed in San Francsico the Japanese had committed another horror of bloodletting.. Mo'-genthau said he had rc- , .ceivcd a cablegram from China's generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek dc daring that revenge-mad Japanese troops butchered every man, woman and chikl on the China coast rc: gion where American airmen i found haven after the 1942 raid on -,) Tokyo. Gen. Chiang said the Japanese "reproduced on a wholesale scale the horrors which the world had ! seen at Lidice" — referred to Germany's mass execution of i every male adult in a little Czeeh- ; oslovakian village last June in reprisal for the assassination of Roinhard Hcydrich Nazi overlord in Bohemia and Moravia. j Other developments in the far " Pacific war: ' ' Australia — Gen. Douglas Mac! Arthur's headquarters announced Dutch - manned U. S. planes bombed and machine - gunned two Japanese ships in the Arafura sea. Other Allied fliers attacked Ihe cn- i emy in New Guinea New Ireland and New Britain, and a single U. S. Flying Fortress fought off seven ulations — and help is scarce. It would seem to be just plain common sense to try the half-holiday plan now. * -K -K The most effective plea for purchase of War Bonds I have seen in several months is the following excerpt from a press letter 'received today from Harry Marsh, deputy stale administrator for agriculture of the Little Rock War Savings "Now let's slip a little way into the future and think in terms of self-preservation for ourselves and our returning soldiers. In that connection let us tell you a true story. Along about 1932-33, during the worst of the depression, we lived in Memphis, Tchn. Many families were destitute and were given rations sufficient to last for a two weeks' period. It is reported thai some of Ihe more careless folks promptly cooked and spread out the entire supply, gorged themselves the firsl week and were hungry again the second . . . "The same thing is happening today on a much larger scale with our money. Some families are getting more cash today than they had ever dreamed of and arc letting it slip away instead of pulling a little back to tide them over Ihc lough spot that must be ahead. Anything less than 10 per cent saving now is considered not safe, and you will find smart people buying War Bonds with just every dollar they don'l have to use for something else." Demands for Open Food Meet Renewed Washington, April 2!) (/I 1 ) — Skeptical members of Congress renewed demands today for a peep under the tent whc n the International fuod conference becomes the FDR Suggests Training Youth in Post-War Era —Washington By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL Washington, April 29 — (/P) — President Roosevelt ended a 20- state war inspection lour today with an idea that the youth of America, making use of industrial plants and military camps, might well give a year's service lo their government in the post-war era. He had traveled 7,052 miles in seventeen days, checking up on widely scattered war activities and dropping down into Mexico to confer with Presidenl Manuel Avila Camacho. Mr. Roosevelt told reporters accompanying him the trip convinced him the armed forces and the omc front factories are in their stride, but thai he was wondering what could be done, after victory is won, with camps and plants in which millions have been invesled. He had no specific plan or program to offer but he emphasized the benefits in phsyical condition and mental alertness'that men and women in service and v.ii- - worker uniforms had realized n the last few months. And he indicated he thought their training should be cxlendcd to all young men and women in some form after we win the war. Objecting to the term "compulsory military service," the chief executive preferred to spak of a year's contribution of services to the government. Any program thai develops, lie said, probably would be only partly military. The president left Washington April 13. When he returned late this morning, ho had swung through most of the southeastern states, down lo Monterrey, Mexico — nearly 150 miles below the border—out to Denver and back through the middle of the country. He visilcd eleven army posls, four war plants, and one Marine base, one WAAC school' and one naval air training center. He talked witli a dozen governors and at least double that number of plant executives. Everywhere he went Mr. Roosevelt saw action. lie saw Green troops in the first clays of their training, and hardened troops'just about ready for an expedition to the battle zones. He saw the most minute facets of military training, even sampling three limes the food the neophyte soldiers were eating. He learnd how the army schools ils men for the multitude of duties they must perform, several times i watching combat problems employ- j ing real ammunition. ! He saw bomber and fighter planes on the assembly lines and in the air and a clattering factory rolling out 30 caliber ammunition by the carload. Japanese fighters and returned to i big show at Hot Springs, Va., next base undamaged. ! month. Some of them contended Burma — British headquarters . said Field Marshal Sir Archibald -' P. Wavell's forces boat off a series of Japanese infiltration thrusts on the Arakan front, along the Bay of Bengal. •» * <«•»- - — Fulbright Praises McClelfan's Stand the meeting is foreordained to failure and others argued it may develop vital decisions on matters far beyond those affecting agriculture. Senators Gillette (D - Iowa) and Aiuen (R - VI.) said the agenda announced by the State department convinced them little of a concrete nature could be accomplished. Envisioning an exploration of the possibility of increasing w o r 1 d . ., f,, t , „-, •»-» .iJuaoii^jiivv \Ji i\i\ri- \^uau > & \\ \j 1 t w Washington April 29 -(/Pi-Rep- r d nroduclion alld rea n oca tj n g its ,.__.,!,,4 !,,,-, I^iilKt-iiiliI /l^_Ai*l.rl 1ri_ ~~J ~» * a rcscnlative Fulbright (D-Ark.) today praised Senator Mcgclellan (D} Ark.) for on record in an Associated Press poll as favoring a post-war international system to prevent wars. "Arkansas should be proud to •> see that Senator McClellan has taken his stand. . . " Fulbright wrote in a news letter. "Our senior senator (Mrs. Caraway i was not reached by the Associated Press but 1 am confident that she will agree. We must not overlook the fact that the war is basic cause of most of the troubles that afflict us. We now have a second chance to do our part and I sincerely hope that we do not fail." Township to Hold Liquor Election Fort Smith, April 29 (/P) — Big Creek township, in which Lavaca is the principal community, will hold a local option election May 18. The township adjoins Mont Sandel township which voted dry in a sknilar election early this month. distribulon, the agenda were descrbcd by Gillette as unlikely to bring forth more than an interchange of ideas. Both Gillette and Aiken said they were reassured by the Stale department's promise thai no com- milmenls would be made, but Senator Ferguson (R-Mich.) told reporters it appeared to him the conference in fact is going to decide who will feed the world after the war funds and just how it will be done. "You will note," Ferguson said, "that while there may be no commitments intended now, provision is made in the agenda for recommendations on which later commitments can be made. It doesn't make much difference whether the contract is signed now or later, the effect will be the same." In American farmers are going to be called upon to feed the world, he argued, they have a right to know more about the proceedings than he said they could learn from present arrangements which provide no accommodations for legislators and would admit the press only to perfunctory sessions. (Continued on Page Two) Move to Seize Mines Tied Up by Strikes Washington, April 2!)-—(/l'i— Declaring congress faces the question whether "a dictator" in the person of John L. Lewis should be permitted to override the constilu- i tional authority of government," Senator Connall (D-Tex.) sought to bring before the Senate today a bill authorizing the government lo seize mines or plants where production is halted by strikes. Connally moved for immediate consideration of a measure passed by the Senate in substantially the same form last year but left to die when President Roosevelt ob- taind a "no strike" agreement from labor leaders. Asserting President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers had told the Truman committee he did not believe the "no strike" agreement was binding. Connally told his colleagues he thought the time had come to determine whether government agenceis or Lewis was to control war produc- First Army Loses Ground but U. S, French Gain —Africa By EDWARD KENNEDY Alleid Headquarters in North Africa, April 29 (/I')— United Slates troops gained some important ground in North Tunisia yesterday, but Axis resistance has stiffenec along the entire front and all .indications arc thai Ihc Germans are determined to resist to the end. '. Tank - supported German shock troops counterattacked twice yesterday against British vanguards which had bloodily won the summit of Djcbel Bou Aoukaz, 12 miles northeast of Mcdjez-El-Bab, and, although their own losses were heavy, compelled the British to withdraw slightly. Before this retirement, the Brit-.; ish were in positions only 20 miles; west of Tunis. Daniel DC Luce, Associated Press correspondent with the British First Army, said in a dispatch from the field it appeared the first phase of Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's offensive had been definitely concluded and a climatic breakthrough had not been achieved. German combat Iroops, husbanded by the Axis command for the showdown, have taken over all positions on the western front before both Lieut. Gen. K.A.N. Anderson's First Army and the Second U. S. Army Corps. Germans predoaiinated also on the southern front, where Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery's Eighth Army has been able to again only two to seven miles since the En- fidaville attack last week despite despite steady prssure against heavy fortifications throughout both the mountains and the coas-' tal flat lands. But 30 per cent of that Axis defense force was reported to be Italian. The temporary seizure of Djcbel Bou Aoukaz was the high mark of the Allied advance in a week of struggles of attrition. The offensive of Alexander's 18th army group, led off by Montgomery's assault upon Enfida- villc, was likened by DC Luce to jabs and heavy lifts with a crowbar.- Only at three points has the enemy retired with little opposition —on the northern coast in front of Moroccan Goums, in the northern hills of the Jcdjcrda valley a'flcr the fall of long stop hill and from Fjcbcl Mansour to Pont Du Falls under pressure from Gen. Marie Louis Koeltz' rcequipped French Corps. There is little hope that the enemy will collapse in Tunisia so long as supplies and reinforcements continue to reach Axis ports and air fields. And they are still coming in, despite powerful Allied air assaults against both air and surface craft. Today's War Map ALLIED •iX/S HELD AKSA Strike Ties Up Transportation in Detroit Cleveland, April 29 —- (/P) — An AFL slrick today tied up Cleveland's mass transportation system, forcing uncounted thousands oi war workers to thumb rides from friendly motorists or lo walk lo their jobs. Not a strcel car or cily bus could be seen on busy Public Square during Ihe morning rush hour as Ihe City Transit System's riders .— averaging 1,315,000 fares daily — pulled their frequently - idle automobiles from garages and created traffic jambs reminiscent of pre-rationing days. Mayor Frank J, Lausche urged automobile drivers to "travel the main streets" and pick up pedestrians, and motorists reported so many people were coopcraling that, on well - traveled thoroughfares, they had difficulty filling their car scats. In walking out at midnight, the unionists defied an order by their international officials and also ignored a telegraphed plea by Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson to refer their wage dispute lo government agencies, Mayor Lausche said the telegram from Patterson asked him "to transmit to the mcmbres of the union the urgent request of the war department thai they refrain from striking." (NEA 'TclemopJ Today's war map shows American-British-French drives against the Germans on Tunisia tip.' Allied Headquarters in North Africa, April 2 — (/P) — Tank - support' cd German shock troops counterattacked twice yesterday northeast of Medjez-El-Bab and, although first repulsed with heavy losses, fially compelled British First Army vanguards to with- while units United gained Much Property Destroyed by Ohio Tornado Cleveland, April 29 (/I 1 )—Civilian defense volunteers aided police here and in nearby Akron in maintaining an all - night patrol against looting as northern Ohio slowly recovered today from the effects of a series of tornadoes. Ray Myers, police and fire dc- parlmenl signal superintendent in crating at the hinge between the Akron, said the damage there draw slightly even States and French anew on the flanks. The Second U. S. Army Corps was announced by the communi- que to have "made further progress and gained some important ground" in its push through the brush hills of North Tunisia toward Mateur and Bizcrle. The 19lh French Corps in Ihe soulh. op- British First and Eighth armies, was credited with additional local gains. The first of the Nazi counterattacks against the British penetration was launched by infantrymen supported by 30 tanks at 4:40 p.m. on the Djebel Bou Auokaz, 12 miles northeast of Medjez-El - Bab. The British defenders hurled it back in , would run from $2,000,000 to $3,000, 000. Safety Director Frank D. Celc- brczze estimated Cleveland's damage at $1,000,000. More than 100 persons were treated for injuries at Akron; 52 were injured here. Spokesmen for the Ohio Edison Co. said more than 1,000 Akron one of the bloodiest battles of the I homes were without light last night "The question now," he shouted, "is this: Is government to conduct the national defense and control production or is a dicla- lor to override the constitutional authority of government?" Minority Leader McNary of Oregon, a supporter of the Connally bill, suggested Unit it be brought before the Senate for discussion with the understanding that it would not be voted upon before Monday, when several absent senators will return. Cuhokia Mound, in Illinois. is the largest prehistoric earthwork in America. North African campaign. but said they expected normal ser- Japanese Celebrate Emperor's Birthday By the Associated Press Emperor Hirohito's 42nd b i r 111- day was celebrated today throughout the Japanese empire and territories under Japans occupation, the feature being a ; grand military review at Tokyo, Axis broadcasts said. A birthday amncs yefre dlOO.Ot A birthday amnesty freed 16,000 inmates of Japanese prisons, a broadcast said. It told of celebrations in the conquered cities of Mania, Rangoon, Hongkong and Manila. Sharp Decline in Highway Fatalities Little Rock, April' 29 (/I 1 )—Highway accidents and fatalities resulting therefrom dropped sharply in 1942 from 1941, the state traffic and safety division said today. There were 2,593 accidents and 294 deaths last year as against 3,823 accidents and 505 fatalities from traffic causes the preceding 12 months. The division said only GOO of the 4,338 drivers involved in traffic mishaps last year were women and only 12 of the drivers involved in fatal accidents were women. Crittenden, Jefferson and Pulaski counties were tied for the greatest number of fatal accidents, each reporting 18. In Jefferson 16 resulted from collisions and two were pedestrians; in Crittenden 15 were from collisions and three pcdeslrains and in Pulaski 10 were collisions and eight pedestrians. Mississippi county had 10 resulting from collisions and six pedcs- trans while Saline had 14 deaths, all resulting from collisions. Other counties included Columbia, one pedestrian, four collisions; Craighead, one pedestran, six col- lisons; Faulkner, one pedestran, six collisions; Garland. two pedestrians, three collisions; Hempstead, one pedestrian, two collision; Hot Springs, one pedestrian, two collisions; Miller, three pedestrians, seven collisions; Oua- chta, one pedestrian, three collisions; Phillips, three pedestrians, four collisions; Pope, one each; Sebastian, four pedestrians, seven collisions: Union, five each; Washington, four pedesrtians and two collisions; and White, one pedes- Red Airforce Takes Heavy German Toll .B EDDY GIUMORE Miners Given Until Saturday to End Strike Washington, April 29— (IP)— Pres^H ident Roosevelt appealed to so coal miners, of whom 60,000 .:'•£ ready are idle, today to returns,,.,,, their jobs and said if they do;rioti|f do so by 10 a. m. Saturday 'h*'" would use all his power as pres dent and commander, in chief "tu -,•"*• protect the national interest and ; tbv;lB? prevent further interferenc • the successful prosecution of war." The chief executive stepped intf^^ the wage dispute between miriors^fifS and operators after it had beenlWf turned over to him by the W "" Labor Board, which has been nored by John L. Lewis and associates in the United MinlfSfl Workers. - -•-, •:••••'-fw!m Mr ; Roosevelt sent telegrams Lewis and Thomas Kennedy, se retary - treasurer of the union, ; iri»*8i which he asked the men in <»-•»•*&«*• mines to "resume work im ,^. ately and submit their case to-lhc^¥@ National War Labor Board final determination." Thus far, the union leaders ignored efforts of the board landle the case through a th_ man panel set up to investigate facts. • . • •-. "The strikes and stoppages the coal industry that have curred and are threatened," : Roosevelt declared, '.'are in violation of the 'no strike' p "These are not mere strikes?, against employers of this industryjp^ to enforce collective bargainmgiSff demands. They are strikes agataspil| the United States governmentv-it^iSpjj- self. These strikes are a directin-lflll terfernece with the prosecutio. n ," f "--'- 1 -* the war. They challenge the go ernmental machinery that hasW|j been set up for the orderly --**"*« peaceful, .settlernent - of > to3?f%fj Moscow, April 29r-(#')—The Red- disputes; They challenge the '] Air Force is continuing its heavy attacks day and night upon German communications and airdromes, the Russians reported today, declaring they had destroyed more than 50 planes within 24 hours, had raided two enemy airdromes and had smashed German truck supply columns. (The G c r m a n communique, broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press, said Russian attacks yesterday against the Kuban bridgehead and southeast of Leningrad were unsuccessful. The German air force, it was declared, destroyed 52 Russian planes without any loss of Axis planes.) Nikolai Akimov, a military reviewer of the Moscow News, reported the Germans were experiencing great difficulty in protecting their supply lines across the Kerch strait from aerial blows. Akimov said Soviet planes of all types were taking part in raids in those sectors on the fringe of the Kuban valley in the Caucasus, as well as in the Northern Donets basin. It was indicated these attacks of the government to carry " war. Washington, April 29— (fP)— "we will not trespass" ultimatum^ of John L. Lewis' united mine! workers — which may • bring•TifOi shutdown in the soft coal industry$?fj Saturday — brought Presidentij-if Roosevelt face-to-face today •'••«•••'an unprecedented test of his time powers. For authorized labor meditationJajf croups had temporarily • washed';;.^! their hands of the miner - opera-'jSS lion battle for higher wages which? threatens to paralyze a major part' of the nation's war production. : ?,..», With more than 10 per cent 'of '•'. .';§! the 600,000 affected miners alreadyCfef; off the job and the rest reportedly •: ready to stop work tomorrow night : at midnight, the War Labor Board /I* handed the Appalachian contract 1 wage dispute to the president. :,";. a .„ Underscoring importance of the K«j| crisis to war production was call of Secretary of Labor Fri Perkins for the work stoppages v Vi ,,,,.-! "cease at once," and the charge'^'ff of Col. Roane Waring, Americanos! Legion national commander, It was indicated these attacks Legion national commander, th^s>'?fc were increasing daily, rather than the threatened full scale stoppage 9| slackening. "is a stab in the back of America, 5 ;®! There was some increased act- fighting a war." .':"'•: S A considerable number of the I vice to be resumed today. German riflemen were killed and sevei-al of the tanks were knocked out. The Germans, however, reformed and put on a second attack which dislodged the British advance units and sent them a short distance back to new positions. Fighting continued through the moonlight night. Tanks and artillery bolstered the stand of the British infantry. The Americans were reported to have made their gains in the north in a bitter slrugglc over difficult terrain. There was heavy fighting in the area west of Jefna, and Bald Hill, 28 miles southwest of Bizerte, remained the scene of fierce combat. Other encounters took place in (Continued on Page Three; Most war plants, hard hit by the series of four twisters that ripped across the northern section of the stale Tuesday night, were expected to resume normal operations, to- trian, three collisions. Arkansas was among Ihe eleven i t ii;-e e days. ivily in Ihe land fighting. Cannonading erupted in various sectors of the front and there were three reports of blood clashes between scouting parties, with the Germans operating behind smoke screens in some places. From the northern fleet came a dispatch telling thai Ihe submarine M-172 had returned to base after sinking 10 transports and two torpedo boats. Search Started for New Calf Disease Liltlo Rock, April 29 —I/Pi—State Veterinarian J. S. Campbell went to Brinkley today in search of additional information to aid in diagnosing an outbreak of a disease among calves in that vicinity. Dr. Campbell asserted that his office had been unable to identify the disease to which older cattle apparently are immune. He said the malad attacks four - week old calves, causing death in about counties having no fatalities. day. City and county officials tackled the job of finding quarters for some 500 persons made homeless when the fierce blows lore their residences apart. Good Bond Showinq Litllc Rock. April 29 — (/Pi— Campaign officials said today only 13 of Ihe slale's 75 counties had failed to reach their quota in the second war loan drive. The stale's total subscription reached 830.870,001.25 or 153.12 per cent of ils quota. Louis-Conn Fight Banned by Stimson Washington, April lo date but five have succumbed. 29 Secretary of War Stimson said today there will be no heavyweight championship fight this summer between Sgt. Joe Louis and Cpl. Bill Conn. Asked at his press conference about reports the War Department was making arrangements for such a fight with purchase of war bonds as Ihe price of admission, the sec- relary replied. "I think I can assure you thai the War Department will not sponsor or approve a Louis - Conn [ fight this summer." I The slate veterinary slaff has found Ihe disease in only one herd calves already He said Ihe symptoms were labored breathing, a swollen condition around the larnx and, in early stages, greatly increased rsepiration and pulse beat with a temperature exceeding 104 degrees. County War Bond Sales $31 8,450 Hempstead county's tolal sales in Ihe Second War Loan intensive drive now total $318.450, Chairman C. C. Spragins said today. The county's quota, $254,000, was ex ceedcd several days ago. Waring spoke at a legion rally'v;'"^ in Memphis last night and his asV^T' serlion that "now is the time to ':$ determine whether the government •'?••& set up by th votes of our pople ;•;>; is running this country and this 'S-! war or whether John L. Lewis Is; f^J running it" came shortly after the Vi labor secretary's appeal and the,-'^ WLB action. '/^A : ^| The board said its own ordetslv% and appeals for continued product; '1= i lion during negotiation for a ne\v; v: ' contract — the key to the spreadviYS ing crisis — had been ignored, j;3? leaving it no recourse but to ref^r^Ht the case to the president. ,-.:..'--j-jt It pointed specifically to the «&'••'# portance on Mr. Roosevelt's 'de^ 3 '^ cision, apart from the immediate =?;) threat to war production, by sayr- fl ing that unless this case is handled - : under established procedure like ,: any other case, it believed the ' : whole system of settling wartime Iff' industrial quarrels would collapsel« ; In a letter replying to the UMWf , policy commitlee charge that the: :;^ WLB is "malienanl in its prejUr •;-;? dice" against the union, Secretary;':) Perkins said she found no evidence 1 supporting such an accusation, and ' said the war effort required ati ; immediate return to work. B.uj-'-v more walkouts were reported in" the wake of her words. The UftlW committee had demanded drawal of the case from consideration. Confronted with two challenges — the UMW's refusel to submit its case to the WLB he appointed, and its demands for wage hiljes above the "Litlle Steel" formula in? croportaed in his hold - the - Uas anti - inflation order — the pre§£dent has little time to ponder problem. Lewis declared unless UMW demands are met in a contract by Friday midnight; (Continued on Page TAVO) Q

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