Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 28, 1943 · Page 5
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 5

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Hope, Arkansas
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Wednesday, April 28, 1943
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Page 5
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Wednescidy, April 28, 1943 Relief for a Starved Europe Will Be Great Undertaking By John Colburn London, April 22 M 1 )— Feeding, nonllng mid clothing millions of iMiropcnns in ihc wako of an Allied invnsion will be the greatest, wel- aro nndcrlakiiu! in world history. Sixty to 75 percent of Europe's pro-war population of -100,000,000 Will require some form of relief— food, medical treatment or clothing — it is estimated by those who are arratiKin« to meet the demand. To Kd a mental picture imagine some 2. r >0,000,00() persons lined up one behind the other twice around the earth. That's just purl of the relief line that must be served by (In- United Nations after Axis bastions are conquered. Uncounted other millions will have to be cared for in western Russia. In the middle-east, an An- jjIoAmcricnn organization must continue an annual .supply of 1,000,000 tons of some H0,000,000 persons until normal commerce is resumed. Herbert H. t.ehman, director of Hie United State Office of Foreign Rleicf and Rehabilitation, has as- essential medical vaccines, serum and bandage will put a tremendous load on shipping facilities. An idea of shipping space needed can be sained from estimates of the Fifihting French that they will require 00,000 tons of foodstuffs the first month just to feed 12,000,00 children under 18 . Once in Europe, troops as well as relief workers will encounter the menace of disease which have swept the continent, especially the larger cities. Outbreaks resulted from inadequate food, lack of soap for bathing, crowded living quarters of families forced by bombing to share their homes; unheated barracks quartering "slave labor" and licp-riddon concentration camps. While refugees, liberated concentration camp occupants and workers in Germany's farm and factory battalions will be easier to return to their homes, relief observers here expressed belief that a 'temporary "freezing of population" would be necessary to ef- feclvely handle emergency relief activities. This would involve 10,- serled that "chaos and anarchy" I (100,000 to 20,000.000 persons would result unless the starving Timing of a United Nations of- peoplc are fed. His assistant, Hugh o H. Jackson recently described Ihc relief job as the most gigantic humanitarian task that has ever faced this world." Lehman's office and an Allied post-war requirements bureau in London have been working- together on emergency relief problems. All memcbers of the United Nations are represented on bureau committees except Russia. Three post-invasion relief periods nrc envisioned here by the bureau urn'in headed by Sir Frederick Lcilh-Ross: 11 > Period of war operations when regions will be under military control: (2>And li! months period of emergency relief and restoration of transport; f31Permanent reconstruction. Multitudinous intangible factors make it difficult to blueprint relief plans. One major point is whether ihere will he a 'jeneral, quick re- conquering of Europe or whether it will be a long, piece-meal process. A piecemeal reconquest would ease the knotty problems of transport and distribution of relief supplies. Population movement could be controlled better and relief administration organized more efficiently in small areas. But the planners do not underestimate the Germans. Their calculations take into consideration the possibility that the Nazis might make a daring countcrthrust at the British Isles, which would complicate transport. Precise details for Eui'open relief administration — amounts of food which will go to each person —are a closely guarded secret. Following is the general plan in its present stage: Military force will handle immediate distribution of food and medical supplies, following the North African invasion pattern. Civilian relief experts will take over when conquered areas are reopened. Supervision will continue only until local governments are reconstituted 'and can assume Ihc burden. Most supplies will come from the Unilod Stales, the British commonwealth and South America. Who will pay is an unanswered question. The flow of food to Kurope undoubtedly will mean tighter food ralioning in the United Slates and Great Britain, and available supplies will have to bo spread "thin" around the world. Relief supplies must be ready to follow the armies whether Ihey strike from the Baltic, across the English Channel, in western France or in the Mediterranean, at a time when Allied shipping will be desperately engaged. F.i"ht hundred ships were required to transport fewer than 500,000 men and supplies for the North African invasion. In a European invasion, the Allies must be supplied to meet a force of 2,000,000 men. Bare "iron rations" and the most fensive will determine whether the Allies will be able to take advantage of food rsources in Europe. An attack coming with the late- summer harvest season might, in the opinion of some observers, give the invader the crop before they -.vore conficated by Germany. If the Allies could utilize a substantial portion of the harvest, it would case for at, least three months the problem of shipping food-stuffs to Europe. In addition to distribution plans, agriculture also has top-billing on the list of post-invasion rehabilitation project. Although people arc starving by the thousands in occupied coun tries. German-regimented farms produced in 1942 only slightly less than in peacetime. .However,'when inyndins armies strike, agriculture will suffer and further complicate the already critical problem. Information here is that food production in 10'12 was down ten to fifteen percent from prewar levels when European countries generally were eron exporters. Nevertheless, in Belgium, Greece and Poland starvation has been acute and residents of other occupied countries as well a Germany are badly undernourished. Where arc the foodstuffs going': Aside from military demands, in dustry takes a great deal. Milk goes inlo 'plastics for airplanes: potatoes, apples and grain into alochol and synthetic rubber; and fats into lubricants and explo sives for bombs. So pressing was the Gorman need for grain for al colvil that production of beer stopped. To gel agriculture back on iU feel as fast as possible, training cou.-s.-e in mechanized agriculture have been conducted in Great Brit,, niii for Allied refugees. They wil return home as instructors. Post invasion plans call for utilizing disabled tanks and other motorizec armored equipment for plowing pulling farm implements as sooi as the .fields arc cleared of clashing armies. Livestock also presents a serious problem. Reductions of 11 million cattle 12 million pigs and 11 million slice) resulted in approximately 20 percent loss milk production and ou Ihc moat supply nearly one quart er. It was estimated that it woulc take five to six yctrrs to restore livestock to its pro-war level. Sceintists plan to meet this situation by imports of live animals and artificial incmenation. Lightning Punctuates A Sermon Liberty Hall, S. C. f/P)—Just when the preacher began his sermon in the Methodist Church here, a lightning boll struck in the roar of the pulpit and knocked him. down. He was not able to talk for some time. His song leader was also floored. -J Marigolds Will Victory Garden Among the quick-growing annuals which can be sown in Victory gardens at the same time with vegetable crops and given the same treatment as to soil and cultivation, are the modern marigolds. This is an American flower, not the Mary-gold of Shakespeare, which was the calendula, still called the "pot marigold." Spanish soldiers who followed Columbus to the new world took seeds of the flower we now call marigold home to Europe where they probably became confused with the cale'ndulas and acquired the same name. For centuries the marigolds of gardens were divided into the French, chiefly a small flowered, rather dwarf type, and the African, chiefly tall growing and large flowered. Neither originated in France or Africa in spite of: the names. Plant breeders in recent years have worked marvels in developing new types, both large and small flowered. They have even crossed the French and African types, and produced hybrids which make seeds, a feat which it was long thought would never be accomplished. They have also bred varieties from which the characteristic marigold odor, which is unpleasant to some, has been eliminated. Marigold seeds are rather large and soft. While the plants are quite hardy the seeds are apt to rot in cold, damp soil, so they should be sown about the same time that beans are put in. The tall, large flowered varieties should be given plenty of room to grow as inany will reach four feet in height - $nt} spread pver an area three feet 1 square. Sow thejp in rows, just as vegetables are $owu, or plant Thrive in Rows Marigold Goldsmith of Chrysanthemum Type them in a flower border surrounding the garden. They will not only decorate the garden, but will produce abundant cut flowers for use in the living room and on the dining table. The tall, large flowered African marigolds formerly produced flowers of great regularity, which have been compared to a rubber sponge in form. But now they can be had with blossoms like carnations, chrysanthemums, or of charming and decorative new shapes, unlike any other flowers. In color they range from a maroon and scarlet, through various tones of orange to the brightest of yellows. There are many excellent dwarf varieties of compact habit which can be planted us a border to garden paths. HOPE STAR, HOPI, ARKANSAS The World News Told in Pictures Swoose With Skeels Landings on either wheels or skis is the technique of the "swoose" developed by North American, at Dallas. Skis retract to allow landings. bweet bwimmer Cinema Cowgirl Film star Esther Williams, former swim champ, models new swim suit o£ cotton,' made strclchablc by double-lock stitch and inner lining. Toddi Sherman, movie newcomer, goes for western garb, and appropriately so, for her father is Harry Sherman, veteran Hollywood western films producer. • Victory in the Bismarck Sea (V. S. Army Air Forces Photo From NEA) In the glistening waters of the Bismarck Sea this Victory sign appeared as wake of a dodging Jap destroyer merged with oil sliclt (lower left) to form a V. Note bomb bursts at top of photo. Last Bubble Glittering Tank »*• :C Hollywood's last balloon—no •more due to rubber shortage— is used by Martha O'Driscoll in bubble dance for a new film. For a quick dry on its protective coat of paint, this tank is in a tunnel ot I«;ra-red lights. The rays dry the tank in four minutes, while ordinal y method would take a day. » _ t f" Half-Shot Croc on Guadalcanal Venice Bounce With dynamite as bait, no wonder these Guadalcanal soldiers bring home a crocodile as their catch. The boys explode the dynamite in the water to stun the tish and occasionally wind up wiui bigger results than they anticipated. American Rifleman in Tunisia What does a war worker do on her day off? , Well, Shelly Mitchel *r f romps in the surf at Venice, Calif., bounces a ball on her head, and makes pretty pictures for the newspapers to run. Short Snap Among the palms and sand dunes of Tunisia, an American soldier draws a bead on nis target with his Garand rifle LIBERATOR LOADS UP FOR A RAID ON NAZI EUROPE *T.«w^. 11...I...J;.- I .^ : .y* With a semi-circle of bombs ready to be loaded, this four-motored American 13-24 Liberator bomber gets set at a British base to go raiding German-qmmied. Ejaroue to join in groNyiuy air offensive ayainst the axis in Europe,, It's curtain time at the circus, now opening its 1943 season §| Madison Square Garden in New York sq periormef UeUji \yaUenda gets some last-minute help from Majof ^5i\? fefjorf JtitgL ^*S ing her c^ wader Die* b}|

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