Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 8, 1944 · Page 2
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 2

Cumberland, Maryland
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Sunday, October 8, 1944
Page 2
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TWO SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., SUNDAY OCTOBER 8, 1944 British Forces Overrun Most Peloponnesus UHed Strafing of Athens* Airfields Indicate Tommies Soon Will CroB« Onto Greek Mainland Rome, Oct. 7—W)—British Invasion forces have overrun most oi the Peloponnesus, home of the ancient 3parta.r»«, It was announced today, ind Allied strafing of Athens' airfields indicated that they would soon CTOS» the Uthmus of Qorinth to the Greek mainland, scene of their bitter 1841 retreat. Behind tha liberating Tommies came a Greek government-In-exlle representative who took over ad- -jmlnlslrallen_Qf__the peninsula.-and told a crowd clamoring in the north port of Patral lor a peoples' rule that their exiled monarch, King George H, and his government would try "to satisfy your wishes." Pilots returning from strafing missions, during which they blasted at least a score of planes, said German units were in .flight from Greece, leaving their air force without land force protection. Germans Leave North Greek patriots at Psvlrai, where their ancestors In 1321 plotted the overthrow . of Turkish overlords, said that tho Germans had cleared OQfcOf the n Of UiciupartOf the" peninsula, just as they had fled the southern ports and central regions earlier. • There' was no further Information on a light force which landed in Albania. Communiques on Greek operations have been far behind accomplishments, and it may be assumed that second phases of the invasion, the drive to the Greek mainland, is well under way. Behind them .the Germans left a hungry population and Greek puppet "security battalions" which have been surrendering readily to the British. The Germans had attempted to hold Patral and Rlon, a smaller port to the east commanding the mouth of the. Gulf of Corinth, but they yielded after a short flght and the loss of their airdrome In that sector. Mustangs and Lightnings swarmed over Greece, strafing troops knocking down attempts to evacuate personnel by air, shooting up six airfields near Athens and Salonika cesplte heavy fl»k, and destroying or damaging more than 20 planes on the ground. (A dispatch from Cairo said British naval and air power had "sealed th* faU of German garrisons l«ft In tha Dodecanese and other Islands.") Report W9.000 Greek* Dead There were reports of wide-spread •tarvatlon and suffering for lack of medicine In Greece, and some estimates were that 500,000 Greek* had riled of these two causes In the more than three years oi Iron Nazi rule. When Panayotli Kanellopoulos, Greek minister of reconstruction, •arrived at Patral to take over as administrator of the- peninsula, he was met by a.crowd of about 3,000 chanting "we want rula by the people." "The government will do all la lla power to satisfy your wishes," he replied. "First, however, we .want obedience to the government," King George has announced he will not return to Greece unless the people summon him. Master Design (Continued from Page i) which might be brought against her. The United States and Britain Insisted that any of the great powers so charged should leave the decision, up to the others. Some compromise proposal will have to b« worked • out eventually If the Council Is to function effectively. Informed officials here believe that a compromise may best be achieved through n meeting of President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Marshal Stalin. The concluding phase of the • Dumbarton Oaks conferences, held by Chinese,' British and American delegations, lasted Just a week. The opening phase of the British, Russian and American talks, lasted six weeks', about twice as long as originally scheduled, prolonged by the argument over a big powers right to veto. Stems Prow Moscow Suspicion Thi* controversy Is said by' some nuthfcrltiei to stem from Russia's suspicion of the rest of the world, the belief In Moscow that the rest of too world Is suspicious of Russia, and the different' approach of the Russians domestically as well BS Internationally to questions of judicial procedure mnd Justice, , Th» problem tie* in too with »ever&J current International conditions which constitute a background of difficulty for Anglo-American- aovlet-Chlnese cooperation In the postwar world. The chief conditions now «mphaslzert by officials here as bearing on this situation are: 1. Th» conflict of Russian and British Interest* In the Balkans. For many years the British dominated Balkans polities thereby protecting the eastern Mediterranean flank of their empire lifeline to India through the Suez Canal, It Li now considered quite apparent that the Russian* plan to dominate the Balkans after this- war. 2, The Russian-Polish gpllt for which, official* here believe, there is now less prospect of a satisfactory solution than at any time since the split developed. 3. Russia's reluctance to regard Ohlna a* ona of the big four powers. The United States, consider* China of such potential future Importance that it ha* more or less pledged Itself to china's devalopment Into a strong modem nation. 4, Tho lack ot basic decisions on the disposition of <xwio»»red Germany after this war h'aV left wide open a field for British-Russian power politics which also may have to be settled in an early big three conference. Many Hun Cities (Continued from Pgge rj 900 fighter*, These plastered', Shan a dozen target* bv r h}fl*>< forent cities In Central :*n<t " *rn Germany. Six synthetic oil plant* were *.t~ fecked, at Poiitz, near th» B»HIc; Ruhland, Magdeburg, Bohten, Meweburgr, and Lltzkendorf. The intter three are In the Leipzig nre«, nnd Ruhland is northeast of Dreg- den, » Marshall And Eisenhower In Paris Bricker Flays One-ManRule By Roosevelt Sayg President Used Excuse of "Emergencies"* To Almost Strip Con- ^gress Power Gen. George O. Marshall (left), Army chief of staff, Is greeted October 6 by Gen. Dwight D. Eisennower (right), European supreme commander, upon his arrival at an airfield outside Paris by air transport command plane from the United States. This radiophoto Is the first received from the new signal corps transmitting station In Paris. (AP Wtrephoto from Signal Corps-jaadiopttotoV. - Over 16 Thousand Absentees Vote Represents About One- Third of Applications Gotten by Marylanders Annapolis, Md., Oct. 7 (/P)—Gov. Herbert R. O'Conor disclosed today that with exactly one month remaining .before election day, a total of. 16,666 Maryland absentee ballots had been received at the State House from service men and women overseas; • The governor said thl« was approximately one-third of the 52,488 applications 'for ballots that, had come In from absent residents of the counties and Baltimore City. To all Intents and'purposes. Governor O'Conor commented, election day has come and gone for most of the service voters, since their ballots have reached the boards of election supervisors In the various counties where they will remain In safe storage until they are counted on the afternoon of election day. By arrangements with the state police acme 13,000 ballots were put in the hands of the various boards this week, the governor reported. He said ballots would be distributed again on Oct. 16 and Nov. 1 and the late arrivals on the afternoon of Nov. 7. In addition to the Maryland absentee ballots, the office of the Secretary of State was In receipt of 12 federal ballots during the last two days, Maryland is one of the states which by law recognize trie use of-federal ballots. President To Talk In New York City Will AdtlresB Foreign Policy Association On October 21 • Washington, Oct. 7 (JP) —President Roosevelt, accepting an invitation to address a dinner of the Foreign Policy Association In New York Oct. 21, today scheduled his first speech outside Washington since he formally opened his fourth term campaign. The speech will take Mr. Roosevelt to New York state, biggest prize in the electoral college with 47 votes, Just 17 days before the election. Whether the address will be classed by the White House as political In nature was a question which, went unanswered for tha time being. Mr. Roosevelt's aids declined to amplify an announcement which consisted of making public'the invitation from MaJ. Gen. Frank fl. McCoy, president of the Association, and the president's acceptance. The speech will be broadcast, Democratic headquarters said. However, the Foreign Policy Association always has emphasized its non-partisan nature, A private research organization, It was founded 28 years ago with the announced aim of fostering understanding and development of foreign policy. British Sending Fleet To Pacific Formidable Shipping Already in Indian Ocean Revealed South Shields, England, Oct. 7 6<P) —A. V. Alexander, first lord of the admiralty, said today that the Royal Navy already had a formidable fleet In the Indian Ocean and that plans to move warships to the Pacific were going ahead rapidly. He told a meeting of seamen that th* British home fleet constantly was on guard against any activity by what remain* of the German fleet, which he sflld still must be considered seriously. Alexander disclosed that 9,000 convoys havo entered or cleared through United Kingdom ports since the war began. O'Conor Calls For Votes For Tyclinjifs J O Governor Appears With Senator in Home-County Rally at Bel Air Bel Air, Md., Oct. 7 VP) —Governor O'Conov declared, tonight that it was for the best interest of Maryland that Senator Miiiard E. Tyd- Ings (D-MD.). be retained in the upper house.of Congress since there was an Imperative need-'for a man of' Tydlngs' "proven experience, sound Judgment and courage." The governor appeared with the Democratic candidate .-for' United States senator at a Harlord county Democratic rally where Tydlngs made his only campaign speech thus far In his native county. Reminiscing about his service In the army during the First World War, the senator said there must be a greater Interest In winning the peace as well as the .war lest the peace be lost as it was after World War I.. During the campaign there have been talks over the radio 'by certain candidates, he continued, when neither of these matters has been mentioned. "From such speeches one would suppose that we were not now fighting a desperate, bloody and costly war." . Striking at the Harding administration for what he termed "throw- Ing away the dearly bought hopes of world peace," and its pursuit of a policy of isolation. Senator Tyd- Ingfl asserted "WE must not make that mistake again." "Do not let us lose sight of these two of our greatest problems," he declared, "the winning of the war and the winning of the peace, in the heat and fervor of this campaign. "If we had not lost sight of this fact at the close of V/orld War ] we might have avoided this second world war which has already cost the people o"f America over $150,- OOOjOOO.OOC of added national governmental debt and x x x the lives oi tens of thousands of younj Americans, x x x The tragic thing is the end Is not In sight," New Dealers At Dewey Train In West Virginia Charleston, W. Va., Oct. 7 W)—Soveral upraised hands confronted Governor Thomas E. Dewey at Hinton, W. Va., today whan he /epcated his campaign phase, "I know there's not « Now Dealer In the crowd -" • . : Dewey, addressing A crowd from the rear platform of hU .train enroute to .Charleston, quizzically remarked when he noticed one upraised hand: "Is there one? Ill go to work on him," 'At that, several other hands shot up. ; By E. E. EASTERLY Duluth, Minn., Oct. 1 {iP> — Gov. John W. Bricker said tonight that President Roosevelt had declared ;he existence of a ('national emer- jency" 69 times as reason for government actions. "We have had 12 years of government by crisis," remarked the Republican candidate for vice president as he concluded a day in Minnesota with a speech In tho local armory. Used To Intimidate Congress Bricker said the "emergencies," were an example of measures used jy Mr, Roosevelt in an attempt t6 'dominate congress." The President, he added, also resorted to "coercion," 'executive ultimatums, "patronage, 'political favors, reprisals, fault-finding x x x ." . Congress, the Ohio governor 'continued In a prepared text released ay his campaign staff, almost lost its Independence, but has "courageously" reasserted Itself within the last two years. "Legislation by crisis has been a work-a-day technique with the president," he told his audience. "When everything else filled to move the legislators, there was always this handy device available. • 'Declared 32 Emergencies "The messages and addresses of the President since his inauguration In 1932 disclose that he has declared the existence of a 'crisis,' emergency, 'danger' or 'serious situation' at least 92 times. "Of these 92, there are SB distinct cases in which a national emergency was declared to exist or was cited BE the reason for some emergency action." Bricker declared the basic Issue of the Nov. 7 election was "whether one man shall personally govern and permanently regiment one hundred and thirty million Americans or.-whether they shall continue to govern themselves through time- tested Institutions of self-government." Contending that congress "never was Intended to be a rubber stamp," he went on: "The way to restore a people's government In Washington is to restore congress to its rightful place as the pollcyrrnaklng agency and as a restraining force on the Impulse of the President." the Denies 'Disavowal' ies to P.A.C. Sidney Hillman Declares Committee Record IB "Anti-Communist" New York, Oct. 7 (/P) —' Sidney Hillman, chairman of the CIO Political Action Committee, said today that President Roosevelt's disavowal of Communist support had no application to the PAC because "the whole record of the PAO Is antl- CommunJst." No one ever has taken In a serious manner the charge that the PAC is Communist, consequently the president's statement could hove no application to the PAC," he.said at a press conference when he was asked if the president's rc- marka Thursday night would apply to his organization. Pointing to other members of the OIO-PAC . attending the meeting, HlUmaii said: "I challenge anybody to say that any of.these people have ever been associated with Communism." He said he had offered many times to appear before the Dies committee to answer charges of Communism but "the committee hasn't the guts to face mo." Both Hlllman and CIO President Philip Murray, who was present, said they were confident that registration efforts of the CIO-PAC would contribute to Mr. Roosevelt's reelection. Soviet Forces ' (Continued from Page i) "Austrian freedom front" on Yugoslav-Austrian frontier. In their Hungarian invasion the Russians had seized or neutralized all the major Axis communication lines east of the Tisza river between imperilled Szeged and Oradea. In throwing then- main weight north and northeast jot Szeged, the Russians at the same time threatened nearby Hodmezovasarhely, & Hungarian town of 62.000. The capture of Totkomlos put one Soviet group only 18 miles east of Hodmezovasarhely, and Oroshaza's fall put them the same distance on the northeast. They, were less 'than 15 miles nway on the south, battling In the hills north of Mako. Plncer Started oa Prussia. Moscow announced simultaneously that Red Army units had begun a great pincers movement on German East'Prussia, attacking beyond Slaullai In western Lithuania, and also crossing the Narew river at Pultusk, 29 miles north of Warsaw and 38 miles from the lower East Prussian frontier. At least 200 Nazi tanks were knocked out (u two days, Moscow said, when the Germans tried "to liquidate our bridgehead on the right 'bank." "Great battles" are going on -west of Sloullal, 75 miles southwest .of embattled Riga, the Russians said, adding significantly, "fighting is proceeding with the superiority on the side o£ the Soviet troops." To Save Hitler War Criminals With Hostages New York, Oct." 10 <JP)— ABSIE .(American Broadcast: Ing Station in Europe) today .quoted,: Reich Marshal. Hermann 'Goering's Essener National Zletung as declaring editorially that the .Nazis were preparing to use the "most outstanding" Allied prisoners in Germany, as hostages for the safety of high Nazis slat^ ed to be tried as war criminals after Germany's defeat. . . Among the "most outstanding" Allied personalities now .being held in Germany are King Leopold or Bel glum and Edouard'Harriot, the French statesman. ABSI'S English-language broadcast was recorded by OWI. Amphibious Stroke Against Jap-Held Singapore Possible U. S. Marine (Continued front Page -i) morning In the Marino Guard barracks, in downtown Washington where he has been stationed since September of last year. Kelly said the service belt, found near Miss Berrum's body corresponded with'one which McFarland reported oh Friday he had lost while he was visiting his sick child In Tennessee recently. On the same day,.Kelly said, McFarland sent his uniform out to 1 s cleaned. The stained c. 'arette, also found near the body .0; the girl, was of the same brand thiu a taxlcab driver said he gave to a couple he drove to the park late Thursday night. The Jnckknife, Detective Chief Robert J. Barrett said, was found in the back of the taxlcab and was identified by another Marine as one he had lent to McFarland several months ago. Barrett said McParland admitted having left his barracks with two companions Thursday evening and having borrowed the jackknlfe. He did not admit, Barrett added, possession of the knife on the night of the killing, but dl fJtell police he had met a girl for "a few minutes" on a down town corner Thursday night. Miss Berrum was strangled with a knitted snood which was knotted around her tliroat. She was tentatively Identified through a high school class ring and the Identification was confirmed by two friends, Kathleen Cosgrove and Betty Germain, who came here from Chlp- pewa Falls with her last .June to work for the government. Shaken by their chum's death, the two glrjs, said they were leaving Washington and going back home. The'three lived together in ft rooming house when they first came here but Miss Berrum later moved to a government dormitory. R. 3. Berrum, a rallron.d engineer and father of the slain girl camo here today. Her mother, two brothers and a younger sister also survive her. Kelly said McParland gave his home as Newmarket, Tenn. Marine Corps records list Private Earl McFarland as a native of Maryyllle, Tenn., with Newbern, N. 0., as his official residence. He enlisted In December, 1941, and served overseas from June, 1942, to September, 1Q43, when he was assigned to the duty here. Whether McFarland would be tried, by military authorities or In the civil courts was to be determined at a conference between military and civil authorities. Boyd Borgstrom On His Way Home Granted Discharge from Marines After Third Brother Killed Camp LeJeune, N. O., Oct. 7— (IP) —Boyd Borgstrom received his honorable dlschnrge from the IT. S. Marines here today and began the long trip home to his parents' farm ne«r Tremonton, Utah. Borgatrom, a private first class who served 18 months In the South Pacific, was granted hU dtoermrgn upon laitructlbns from Lt. Gen. A, A. Vandcrgrlft, Marine commandant, when the Marine's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Alvln Borgstrom, petitioned for his release, Three *otw of the Borgatroms have been killed In battle and another Is missing' In action. Saying Ihey felt they had given snoush, the Borg*trpms requested that Boyd be permitted to return home and help them run the farm, 1 Bprgitrom will ' reach Ogrten, Utah, At 8:30 ft. m. Thursday morri- Ing by train 'and will go from there to Tremonton by bus. . Within 20 Miles Prussia Berlin broadcast hinted at what Moscow has not yet told— that the Russians in this long dormant area—going over to the offensive with 200,000 troops—had penetrated within 20 miles of the northeastern corner of East Prussia. The Soviet .units were astride the Slalulai-Tauroge road at a point west of Raselnlal, Berlin commentators disclosed in their battle reports. "Deep penetrations" of the Russian lines in the area were acknowledged by Berlin which claimed, however, that the Russians sj,ill had not achieved their major objective of breaking through to the Baltic sea and thus cutting off all the German troops at Riga and in northwestern Latvia. North and east of Riga, Russian Demagoguery (Continued from Page i) appear as partisan criticism of the administration, when in fact the committee efforts were in co-operation with the administration, anc for the welfare and benefit of the fighting men oi the country." "I don't believe the American people can be fooled by any such demagoguery and chicanery", he continued. • Defends His War Group Probes He preceded this denunciation with the statement that "the candidate for vice-president on the Republican ticket hns been endeavor- Ing to show that because I was chairman of the Investigating committee, that I have made an attempt to impeach the administration in its conduct of the war.' Truman said hig committee pointed out errors which were corrected, and that President Roosevelt was consulted and wholeheartedly approved the committee's work. This committee he stated, had been credited with saving billions of dollars/and countless lives, "In its discovery of faulty equipment which was being made by dishonest contractors." '.. : • 'BY PROTON OROVIR ..; A U, S. Air Base in China, Oct. 4—(Delayed) -— (/P>r- Japanese . »uc- cesses In .driving,- Chinese ground and American air forces out of eastern-China are forcing 'a recasting of '.' strategy •. 'which • everitiialry may call for an amphibious stroke against": Japanese-held Singapore and the . Malaya peninsula by Admiral Lord' Louis Mountbatten's southeast Asia command. Essential landing equipment, and other •: reinforcements must be. re- ceived'from the European front for any such ; an operatlori. Whether it would become it major or secondary thrust in the India-China theater, still Is dependent on devalop- ments In the next_lew_weeka in China and North Burma, wherVfhe Americans are the keystone of the situation. U. S. ground and air force commanders see eye to eye on matters of strategy. In recent weeks when MaJ. Gen. Claire L. Chennault's airmen have been compelled repeatedly to evacuate -excellent bases built Up during the past two years, the voices of complaint at the lack of essential supplies were heard. Gen. Joseph ,AV. Stllwell, overall American commander, determinedly pursued building of land supply linos across North Burma into China to supplement—tne-airline- over "the ,hump" from India to China. :'A p burma route was cleared of the Japanese just about, the time that the Japanese launched the present operation aimed at ". establishing tiortb>*duth. : ' : , communications ' in Ohlna and at driving the Americans from a!r hues whence spectacularly successful, forays had; been 'made against V the;.' Japanese . and., their shipping off:,the China coast. . : From forward bases airmen are fighting on to try to stave off what looks like an Inevitable loss df the last 'remaining big base in east China—Lluchow. 80 miles below the abandoned Kweilln base. Brig. Gen. Clinton D. Casey Vincent, so young he still looks like a college football player, declared today that.'jeven. if_we_are compelled to give up Liuchow, the Japanese never will be able to use their north-south line of communications." '•'We already ( have blown out many bridges along the route, and we'll continue to blow them out if necessary," he said. Vincnnt's pilots often fly two and three missions daily and fight off Japanese.raiders who come only by night. /', ..., Even as Vincent was speaking bomber squadrons were coming in and others taking off, while fighters roared oft in formation to strafe ihe_Japanese^The-y-are-winning-ln the air even while the ground is Going cut ftom under them. troops renewed their drive on thftt toughly-defonded Latvian capital, capturing 100 localities on an arc ranging from 22 to 25 miles from the city. Family And Friends Fail To Keep Cobb Funeral Cheerful Paducah, Ky., Oct. were tears and solemn faces at Ir- vln S. Cobb's funeral services today, despite the famous humorist's request that hU boyhood friends here on the banks of the Ohio river "keep the thing cheerful." Before the noted author and after-dinner speaker York last March he died left in New a letter asking 'that his body be cremated, his ashes brought here, and placed in the soil with a dogwood tree, oil formal funeral rites dispensed with and no "dismal note" be allowed to creep Into the proceedings. His friends and family tried to carry out his wishes and they almost succeeded—but there were tears and solemn facas. A Ion? motorcade left a downtown hotel riamed In Cobb's honor and stopped at Oak Grove cemetery where a Blender dogwood tree "from the low green McCrftcken 1 county ridge*", was planted. In the center of a half-acre memorial spot fiet wide In tribute .to the man who millions laugh. George H. Goodman of Louisville, Ky., district director of the Office of Price Administration and one of Cobb'« longtime frKnds, curried the marble box containing the ashes of the man who had designated Goodman as a "dependable custodian of my mortal romalners". Tom Waller, Paducah attorney whom Cobb sal;} would make a good speaker for the occasion because he would be brief, paid simple tribute to his deceased friend and prayed that "God In His infinite goodness and mercy will send to America another such spirit of Joy and laughter x x x so that there may again move among us one who is a master of the art of bringing smiles to saddened faces and Joy to troubled hearts." A policeman estimated that 1,250 persons stood silent as the Rev. Joe I». Walker read the 23rd Psalm and the Rev. Cuatls Fletcher said the Lord's Prayer. , . Then the author's ashes were placed In the hote where the tree was planted and Cobb's family and friends shoveled -dirt into, the hole. A 'choir of more than a score of negro .voices—assembled at Cobb's request by Mattle Copctend, a.«er- vunt in the family home—gang "Swing Low Sweet Chariot" and "Deep River." The service -wan finished In 26 minutea but it was the way the humorist had requested »nd, as he said, It wa» "adequate". . . Cobb's widow, Mrs, Laura, Cobb; hi* daughter, Mrs, Blzubett Cobb Rogers; his 'grand-daughter, Mrs. Orogimn Bnutzer; nnd hls'ntelcr, Mm. Mamie Cobb Hojlnnd, attended from New York. ' Dewey Assails (Continued from Page, t) come a trifle late" De'wey asked "only last week in Madison Square Garden Earl Browder, head of the Communist Party in America' proclaimed to 16,000 cheering adherents that the election of my opponent was essential to his alms." Given Standing Ovation Dewey, who came here for a single speech plus a round of conferences with coal miners and other groups was met by a standing ovation lasting a minute and a half. He said Mr. Roosevelt was relying on the votes of a block of states where "millions- of American citizens are deprived of their right to vote by the poll tax and by Intimidation." "Not once In 12 years," he snid, "has my opponent lifted a- finger to correct this and his platform Is cynically silent on the subject." He made no reference to Mr. Roosevelt's call Thursday night for an end to the poll tax and "other artificial" obstacles to a free ballot. The crowd cheered loudly when the Republican nominee said: "On Thursday night of this week my opponent repeated his charge that "there are politicians and others who quite openly worked to restrict the use of the ballot In this election." Now I do not know who Mr. R'oosevelt means because he seems to lack the courage to name names arid say what he means." Earlier, after a press conference, the New York governor, as a visitor to the nation's greatest bituminous coal producing state, declared himself for legislation to stabilize the Industry. • "I have long favored legislation to stabilize the coal industry to prevent the return ruinous cutthrot competition," he said without.spe- cific reference to the now-expired control acts under which tha industry operated for years. He also said, In answer to a question put after the press conference, that he was confident that coal has a secure future. . .... Union Leader^ Impressed Although Dewsy turned aside a press conference question .as to his attitude on the support of United Mine Workers President John L Lewis, a group of UMW leaders came awajr from a meeting with the nominee, expressing themselves as "decidedly satisfied" with him. Dewey held that the Lewis support had not been proffered to him and any questions about It would be "academic." A few hours later, however, President George J. Titler of United Mine Workers District 29 left a conference, saying that his union would be "much better off if Dewey becomes president" and that "I think the United Mine Workers can support him wholeheartedly." Dewey In his prepared address asserted that it has become "dreadfully clear" that President Roosevelt's administration is "too tired even to do the Job at hand." Therefore,-he contended, that same administration "la obviously too tired for the .1ob ahead." A Republican victory In Nsvnr.- ber. Dewey added, "will moan nn end to a very, very tired administration In Washlnfrton." Dewey, asking "why is my nn- ponent's election so essential to the alms of the communists" declared "the answer Is right in the record of this administration." Berle Rcnort Kept Hid The "aims of the New Dealers," he continued, were set out. In a memorandum prepared In M»y, 1939, by Adolph Berle, now assistant secretary of state, whlrh Dercy quoted as saying: "Over a period of years, the government will gradually come to own most of the productive plant* in the United States." "That means, of course," Dewey declared," "a system where government would tell each of us where we could work, at what, and for how much. "Now, I do not know whether my opponent calls that system communism or national socialism. He can take it any way he. likes it. It's his program, not mine. But I do know-it Is riot an American system and it's not.a free system." Contending the "New Deal Is developing its own form of corporate state," Dewey said 55 government corporations or credit agencies with 27 billion dollars of assets were listed In a recent congressional committee report, and the federal government now operates one fifth of the manufacturing plants In the protect the interests of the United States, I am in favor of replacing him will. country. Attack T« Double Barrel The New York goverrior, making n sortie Into a political borderline state, laid down a double barreled attack on the Roosevelt-Truman ticket. H« declared "my opponent's hand picked running mate Harry Truman" was nominated by .the Democrats Jor vice president "because he WM 'Cleared with Sidney.,": .-:'.• Referring to Sidney HUurmn, head of the CIO Political Action Committee, Dcwty said HUlman's performance w co-chairman-of the Office of Production Management had led Truman, M chairman of a Senate Investigating committee, to say: "If Mr. Hlllman cannot or will not with someone who can and Amplifying remarks in a brief rear platform speech in HInton, W. Va , en route to the Municipal Auditorium here, Dewey said: "We need a house cleaning In Washington. We need clear lines of authority with competent men to carry out, their. Jobs. We need team work in our government. That's why it's time for a change. '"The American people," he said •have succeeded in., the face of svery difficulty In sending overwhelming supplies to our armed forces. With, a new administration we can speed victory and also be ready lor reconversion to peacetime jobs." Military Leadership To Stand Attributing "bungling, fumbling and incompentence'' to the present administration, Dewey .. reiterated that his election would mean no change In the military leadership of the, war. He said: "Just for a moment let's look at the way this tired administration bungled Its way Into conversion for war production. Then we will know how well they can convert for peace and for jobs. ."In August, 1939, more than six years .after Hitler came to power, Mr. RoosevnH finally created a wnr resources board under Edward R. Stettlnlus. It worked for three months and. brought In a report. "But the report was buried and the board quietly died. ?Tbe report is still a secret after five years. Like so many other things, we will never know about it until a' new administration opens the record of these past twelve years." Dewey, who arranged to return to New York tonight directly after his speech, here, continued his direct attack on President Roosevelt by declaring: "And what has been the answer of the New Deal to the specific proposals of our platform and the detailed statements of policy I have made on the radio in these recent weeks? We have heard nothing but glittering generaltles, ghosts of the dead past and wise cracks. We have heard no answer because my opponent has no. answer." ' In his speech of' last Thursday, Dewey said, Mr. Roosevelt "softly denies that he welcomes 'the support of any. person or group committed to communism, or Fascism." Recalls Browser's Declaration "Now, that. is news," the GOP candidate went on. "But doesn't this soft disclaimer come a trifle late? Only last week In Madison Square Garden Earl Browder, the head ot the Communist Party in America, proclaimed to 15,000 cheer- Ing adherents that the election of my opponent was essential to his alms. "This is the same Earl Browder, now such • a patriot, who was convicted as a.draft dodger In the last war, convicted again as a perjurer and pardoned by Franklin Roosevelt In time to organize the campaign for his fourth term. The soft disclaimer does come a little late." "How can we trust our future to an administration which talks out of one side of Its mouth about government ownership of our factories, while out of the other side of its mouth it softly disavows its communist supporters?" he demanded. Berle Says Sense of Report Misrepresented Washington, Oct. 7 (/P) — Adolph A. Berle, assistant secretary of state, said tonight that Gov. Thomas E. Dewey has misrepresented the sense of a memorandum which Berle sub-i mltted to tho Temporary National Economic Conference In 1939, •Dewey, in an address at Charleston, W. Va., quoted Berle us saying In the memorandum, "over a period of years,-the government will gradually come to own most of the productive plants in the United States." The Republican presidential candidate asserted this showed that the New Deal was setting up an un-American system. Berle told newsmen that the sentence had been "twisted out of context" and that It actually was a prefatory statement of "the evil" the TNEC "wanted to cure." Berle cited this paragraph which he said followed that sentence: "In a democratic organization of economy the obvious end should be to permit and require private initiative to do as much of the work as It can, consistent with maintaining the national economy on a reasonably even flow, distributing the burdens and benefits meanwhile so that no class will be unduly favored, no class unduly burdened, and a maximum of opportunity be provided for everyone to use..his abilities usefully with corresponding; reward. / Alfred Smitl Buried. Besid] Wife Caitherii Crowds' Estimated At J To '4O,tM)0 Throng Sired Before Cathedral Dur.j ing Service New York, Oct. 7. (/P)-AL<J Emanuel' Smith was! burled beside his wife, Catherine, aided and Inspired him In a caj which led from the 'sidewalk New York to the gubernatt- mansion-in Albany ahd*the De^ crfttlc nomination for preside-^ the United States. Only members of the family, relatives and, close attended services at the gravel Calvary cemetery where the Rev. J. Francis Mclntyre, auxi£ bishop, of ,the archdiocese of York, pronounced the last WK Prayers were offered at Rt. Msgr. Joseph P. Donahue, [enerol of the archdiocese. CHy, Nation, State Pay Tribal,! The city, the state and the i tlon paid tribute to "the Warrior" of American politic.!,^! was four times governor of fe! York, at a pontificlal requiem a thls__rnorning In.—St.-' Pats calliedral. Crowds estimated at 35,000; 40,000 thronged Fifth avenue adjoining side streets before during the Mass, adding their "i lent tribute to the respect paidj more than 200,000 persons who; by Smith's casket as he lay In > in the Cathedral-yesterday. Notables present for the Included Postmaster General ] Walker, U. S. Senator Robert i Wagner, Mayor F. H. La and Mrs: La Guarftia, James] Farley, and John D. Rockefeller.^ Many Bishops Participate .Bishops from several dloca throughout the country as w«i!J one Ir6m .Nassau, Buhnmas. tlcipated in the ecclesiastical cession preceding the last rites",| Smith, whom the Catholic honored during his lifetime ,-u i outstanding Catholic layman. BLCJ op Mclntyre celebrated the Msgr. Donahue, in his fural sermon, praised Smith as "a a;] p.mong men, a sincere Cnti-rj both by profession and practice, i a real, true American." Smith died Wednesday In feller Institute at the age o! five months to the day afccr :| death of his wife. Yanks Take 6 (Continued from Page i) and widening the breach on Siegfried Line. On the Third Army front. Americans \yreatcd the nonta; and southwest corners of the Port Drlant from the German p: rlson, fought 100 yards down underground passage leading toi main fortifications, but thtn tc; their way barred by steel and cc crete bulkheads. But this key fortress guar Mctz on the 1 west was hotly presd German batteries could no lorp] depress their guns, so close the American attackers, and force seized positions atop ari|_ lery emplacements next to the 10.$ battery in the center of the fa Seventh Closes In On On the southern end of the fre. the U. S. Seventh Army In s;:| p£ from five to seven miles cK»" on Le Thlllot, 18 miles north Belfort, from three sides, and only six miles west of the 23;$ foot Bussang Pass which through the heart of the Vosf to the -Rhlneland. Rugged resistance. slowed the advances of the British sdj and Army in Holland the Cr,r,;f Ian First Army to the west, '::;$ the Canadians made one vital t£\?< —a drive of nearly two mlle.s Holland which captured the of Ossendrecht, 11 miles nor.h Antwerp and only three mile's ': the only road of escape for 0;| mans In the Schelde Islands. The nimble of artillery echcS across the English channel south Britons that Canadians begun the assault to recapture !'^5J| channel port of Dunkerque, uWiHS the British made tlieir escape lr~3£ Hitler's legions in 1S40, The ground attack of the Fi: Army was timed with a record K Isil blow at the Reich by more tr. f.,000 Allied wnrplanes strlklnc targets from Vienna to the fre lines west of the Rhine. Mcrksteln Falls To Yanks In this surge eastward, Lt. & Courtney H. Hodges' troops cap*| ed Merksceln, two miles south Ubnch, the enemy supply center' Alsdorf nearby, and Hofstadl the southern line of the brestj through. Enemy defenses collapsed abr ly, for only yesterday he throwing in counter-attacks drove the Americans back im Ubach. But the Germans may have *' their strength here, a front patch said, because they were viable to stand up .under the tnrr;:-J weight of the drive that nimi:#|f out of the we-st this morning, than 300 prisoners; wcro taken :| the first two- hours. The drive carried on east Bcggejxlorf, which was the tip the salient yesterday, and I- spread northward to the outs!;:: of Gcllenkirchen, 12 miles north; Aachen, and Immendorf, two r to the east. Five miles northwest of Gfi klrchen other American forces tored tho Germans waldenrnth. In the new operations 25 rr.!^ southwest of Aachen, the Germ appeared to have been- caught prepared, for their Siegfried l.'>"-jjjj| outposts were manned by who never had seen action Germany Fails , (Continued from Page r) action was reported along the lower Flumlclno, The ffkies were clearing again, but mud nnd swolicn streams continued to hamper all operations. Fenr Fnte Of Warsaw People Being Evncimif London, Oct. 7 (/p)—The : telegraph agency reported that Germany had ordered the uatlon of the entire Polish pop'^ tlon of Warsaw, estimated at < million persons, and Added "'" Is every reason to believe they tend to aend a major proportion J these to 'concentration mid 1""" camps." . The.kgency said the Pollih ernment In London hut made Urgent and.desperate appeal,W 1 the United Nations to help n> ' costs to prevent this new n crime from being committed."

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