Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 8, 1944 · Page 1
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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The Weather . Today sunny-aiiA'not'so warm, with lower humidity. ' ".. bL. LXXVIII.—NO. 278 BUY WAR BOND? BUY WAR STAMPS CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1944 Dirtct Associit+d Prtu Servic* PRICE TEN CENTS NORTH AACHEN I: '. H. f < : un Lines In Brol lien [Time Factor Closes In On I War Fronts iFirst Snows Hint Ominously at Early Winter Which Meant Dim Allied Hopes of 1944 Victory By JORKE L. SIMPSON Associated Prtsa War Analyst The first light snows of the eason are reported from the Posges segment of the tight- ocked AlUed-Nazi battle line, [heir fall hints ominously at in early winter which meant Jim Allied hopes of knocking: at German defenses on the ' before a weather stale- nate develops. Snow in early October is not "sual in the Alpine mountain jutting northward to flank ; upper Rhine. There have been inconclusivt portents, how- to suggest that the time factor frunnlng heavily against the " ability of decisive action in the Et In the .weeks; of. possible inan- |er'weather that .remain/ . ven so, it -would be risky .to lins't its', northern sector.. It; still far' short of the full scale [ration : that General Eisenhower the men and "'equipment at [id to organize. . . "~~-v_. The Allied commander has let to reveal his full hand, ^ain severely handicapped close uppcrt air operations during |he first five days of the First drive north of Aachen. As |he sun broke through again, Allied planes came swarming the battle -^ zones anew. Slven only a few days of suit- flying conditions they con- f eivably could tip the scales Decisively in Allied favor. In the 1918 victory year of world |r one the battles in France that up to German surrender began e in September and were still Ing in early November when the Tiistlce ended hostilities. Allied nies In . this war are better flipped for winter warfare in jstem Europe than were those 11918. While the outlook in the west 'emains uncertain, there seems Ivery prospect that In the Bal- pans and on the great plains of Hungary and northeastern Yugoslavia fresh disaster is stalk- Ing; close at Nazi heels. Ger- pan retreat from Grecse and She whole southern arc of the TSalkan peninsula is in full pro- tress. In Italy the last Gothic tine defenses of the Po valley fe pemHng; almost to the preakint point. here seems no fear in Moscow lin Rome of a weather-stalemated ippaign in the south-and south- it for many weeks to come. DEMOCRATIC SLATE altimore, Oct. 7—(flV-The en- e Democratic ticket In Maryland, finding Senator Tydings and. the ys congressional candidates, indorsed today by the 1 Baltl- >re Building and Construction |ades council and.the Baltimore Iteration of Labor, both A.F of L. • I Hates. Dewey Assails "Double Talk" By Roosevelt Cites President's Government Ownership of Factories Aims and Disavowal Communists Holds Regime Too Tired For Future Declares Soft Declaimer of Communist Support Trifle Late; For Stabilizing Mine Industry By GARDNER BRIDGE . Municipal Auditorium, Charleston, W. Va., Oct. 1 (fp) — Looking upon the New Deal's industrial program as forerunner of a "corporate state", Governor Thomas E. Dewey said tonight that the record of President Roosevelt's administration is the answer to why communists consider the President's election .essential to their aims. The Republican nominee for president also asserted that the administration works both sides of the street as he asked a cheering audience which more than filled this 5,000-seat auditorium: "How can we trust our future to an-administration which .talks out of.onej.side^ of. its mouth,-sibout'gcv- ernuient ownership' of oiir factories', .while out of the 'other side of its mouth it softly disavows its communist supporters?"" In his single-shot journey to West Virginia, the New York governor asked "why is my opponent's election so essential to the aims of the communists?" and replied to himself with "the answer is right in the record of this administration." Cites Berle Report He said that Adolph Berle, now assistant secretary of state, in 1939 had said that over a period of years the government would, gradually come to own most of the country's productive plants. Dewey said that meant a system where the government would tell each of us where we could work, at what, and for how much." "Now, I do not know whether my opponent calls that system communism or national socialism," he added. "He can take it any way he likes It. It's his program, not mine. But I do know it is not an American system and it's not a free system." (Berle in Washington asserted that Dewey had misrepresented the sense of the 1939 memorandum which the Republican nominee mentioned). Dewey said that "little by little the New Deal is developing its own form of corporate state. It becomes clear why they twice convicted Earl Browder and his friends are so eager for the reelection of my opponent." Renews Assault On Tired Regime The New York governor, renewing his assault on what he described as a "very tired administration" declared President Roosevelt "has no answer" to the specific proposals he said he had presented as the Republican presidential nominee. Speaking behind a rostrum on which red carnations formed a "Victory V" on a bank of white carnations, Dewey said that in a broadcast last Thursday Mr. Roosevelt had "softly" denied welcoming the support of communists or fascists. "But doesn't this soft disclaimer (Continued on Page 2, Col. 6) Lais Prisoners Not Coddled, Probe Report Will Disclose Vashington, Oct. 7 0P) — The use military committee is expect£.» m .? k T e r p , ubllc ' aoon reports that unaed United States servicemen this country are receiving the fst possible hospital care, and that prisone " are not [Acting under direction of Chair- Ian May (D-Ky) committee Invcs- •sntors have been visiting hospitals id prison: camps throughout the puntry inquiring Into allegations b £ ln K" of prisoners and 1m- hospitallzation of wounded . . [The -investigations, were ordered &? alter Jtteprejsentatlve rehton a>, a committee member, made Inspection of the station hospital party. Boiling Field, *n mrforce* Ullatlon, and complained vigor- liwiy »bout tlu accommodations. Except. for Isolated. case*, most of h»ve been corrected, investi- gators are reported to have found hospital conditions • generally good and to have uncovered no'flagrant cases of "coddling" of prisoners'. The- prison camp inquiry was ordered after the committee received numerous complaints that captured Axis soldiers, "especially . Italians, were living under better conditions than many American servicemen stationed abroad.. . Some servicemen themselves were reported:to have expressed concern ovev, reports that -Italian prisoners were ^permitted liberties Including the opportunity to "date" American girls. ......'•'. These complaints, committee spokesmen said, apparently grew out of creation of Italian itervlee units, made up ; of captured Italians who requested permission to fight with American troops and were assigned to semi-military tasks in this country. Willkie Takes Turn. For Worse Doctor Reveals New York, Oct. 7 (IP) —The condition of Wendell L; Willkie, who has been in a hospital since September 6, took a turn for the worse tonight, his physician said, and the 1940 Republican presidential candidate's condition is serious. The physician, Dr. Benjamin Salzer, said-a streptococ- cie infection from which Mr, Willkie has been suffering had affected the heart muscles, resulting in an acute cardiac condition. "We are continuing to administer penciUln," Dr. Salzer, said "but I would say that his condition is serious." Willkie, Who is 52, rallied after a severe throat infection Wednesday night and had shown ^steady Improvement 'until tonight. John Shorter, assistant superintendent of the hospital, said earlier that Willkie had shown "some improvement but still is a very sick man." Willkie entered the hospital originally for a rest and treatment of a stomach disorder. Soviet Forces MoveToWitMn 83 Mi. Budapest Tank ami Cavalry Units Race Through More Than 300 Towns East of Tisza River Reds Open Piucer Move On Prussia Germany Fails To Stabilize Lines In Italy Trying, To Build fense Further North as Americans Drive Beyond Loinuo By NOLAND NORGAARD ROME, Oct. 7 (fl 5 )—The Germans with eight divisions reported opposing the stubbornly advancing American Fifth Army, have aeain failed to stabilize their front in Central Italy and apparently are trying to build a new defensive line farther north, Allied headquarters said today. The Americans drove forward two miles past the captured town of Loiano t o a point only 12 miles from the great communications center of Bologna, at the edge of the wide Po valley sweeping across the north of Italy. The Germans were reported work- Ing frantically to -ahip war materials from Northern Italy to Germany before their front collapses One report said the Nazis were ripping up railway lines and sending the rails to their beleaguered homeland. Another said the enemy was attempting to remove whole factories, Including workers. • Moving in Reinforcements In order to gain more time for looting the Po valley and the industrial centers ot Northern Italy, Field Marshal Gen. Albert Kesssel- ring is moving In reinforcements from other parts o£ the front to impede the American drive, an official Fifth Army report said. Today's Allied communique said that "the enemy has again failed to stabilize his front in the central sector, where American troops of the Fifth Army continue to make a methodical progress." At headquarters the belief . was officially expressed that the Nazi command was hopeful of,flnishing preparation of another defensive line to the north. Alps Seen as Enemy Front There was no intimation, however, as to where the enemy could hope to re-establish a front short of the Alps, once both the Fifth and Eighth Armies flood onto the plains. The most significant American gains were made along the main highway 65 running northward from Florence to Bologna. It was here that the Doughboys drove the Germans from positions around Loiano and advanced two miles beyond. To the east another Fifth Army thrust north from the mountain village of Sassoleone carried to within 10 miles of Castcl San Pletro, which lies on the all-important Bo logna-Rimint highway and' rail routes. Monte Viffese Token Monte VIgcse, 22 miles southwest of Bologna, was taken by South African troops moving up the Pis tola-Bologna, highway. On- the Eighth Army front In dian .troops crossed the Flumiclno river in the mountains near its source,,drove the enemy out of San Martino dl Bagnolo, 14 miles southwest of Rimini, arid captured the town of SoRllano, a mile to the south; In that area the Germans counterattacked 'fiercely and laid down a screen of shellfire. In the rugged area 1 farther Inland the Eighth Army captured the village of Tezzo, and 65 ••prisoner*, bxit on the Ardlntlc sector only patrol (Continued on Ptgt i, Col. f) Attacking Beyond Siauliai in Western Lithuania; Cross Narew River at Pullusk BY W. W. HERCHER London, Sunday, Oct. 8. (/P) — Swift Russian tank and cavalrv forces crushed the entire Axis defense system east of the Tisza river In southeastern Hungary yesterday, racing through 300 more towns and' villages.in a 28-mile advance that carried to within 83 miles of Budapest, imperilled Magyar capital. With the seizure of Gyoma, rail town on the Bucharest-Budapest trunk railway, the Russians had advanced 55 miles northwest ot Arad, western Romanian jumping - off base, in their rapid campaign to knock but Hungary, last big Axis satellite still la the. war. C&e.,big -rail,:•;junction. towns .of BeKescsaba; Oroshaza,~-Bek'es, and other important points fell in the massive drive, which now has overrun 400 localities and by-passed Hungary's second city of Szeged, at the lower end of a 75-mile invasion arc. Hungarian troops bolstered by Nazi reinforcements were battling fiercely at the lower end of the invasion line in the 15-mile sector between Szeged on the Tisza river and captured Mako, 15 miles to the east. Szephalom Captured At the top of the front moving relentlessly across the Plains the Russians announced the capture of Szeghalom, 35 miles west of the by-passed western Romanian rail junction of Oradea, one of two major Nazi escape routes out of Transylvania. Ezeghalom, 21 miles inside prewar Hungary, Is only 40 miles southwest of Debrecen, the flight exit for scores of thousands of Germans and Hungarians fighting far to the east in Transylvania's rugged uplands. At Nagyszenas, 19 miles south of .voiiia, one Russian spearhead was only 19 miles east of a Tisza river crossing at Szentos, and only 23 miles from Csongrad, a town nt the juncture rivers. of the Tisza and Koros Once these rivers are bridged the Russians will have removed the two major natural obstructions ahead of them on the road to Budapest and Austria beyond. Moscow dispatches said Cossack cavalry and armored units were slashing easiiy through Axis resistance and by-passing large numbers of bewildered enemy troops. Berlin and Budapest both spoke of a "large scale" Soviet offensive. South Germany Danger Grave Emphasizing the grave danger to southern Germany, a Yugoslav broadcast said Marshal Tito's Partisans had linked up with Austrian anti-Nazi patriots, members of the (Continued on "age 2, Col. 4) Wrecked Nipponese Guns On Peleliu ••••• •• "''"' Yanks Take 6 German Towns In Power Drive Advance Declared Full Breakthrough Whole 460-Mile Front Stirring Restlessly; Third Army Strikes in Luxembourg Sector Marines of .the First division examine emplacement of big Japanese gun which suffered a direct hit during naval bombardment of Peleliu Island. TT /^•x» A £• Himlaities Atire In Wake Monster Raid Master Design For Security Formally Made Pattern Somewhat Siuiilar To League of Nations; Crucial Velo Issue Unsettled By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, Oct. 7 (/P) — A master design for world security was formally concluded at Dumbarton Oaks today. But from the time it is made public Monday by the American, Russian, .British and Chinese governments until it is finally acted on by each of the United Nations months later it probably will be subjected to sharp world wide debate and criticism. In broad- outline the design Is somewhat similar to that for the League of Nations, consisting of an assembly of all nations and » council of a few, Including permanent membership for the great powers. Still unsettled is the crucial issue of voting on questions of aggression when some nation threatens to start n. War. Russia Desires Velo Tower The voting machinery could not be finally fitted together because Russia desired to retain a veto power over any charge of aggression (Continued on Page i, Col. i) U. S. Marine Arrested In Murder Of Teen-Age Girl Pfc. Earl McFarlaml, Father of Two Children, Held in Denlh of Dorothy Berrinn By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Oct. 1 (/P) — A 21- year-old Marine, father of two children and veteran of the fighting on Guadalcanal, was accused tonight of slaying Dorothy Berrum, 18, War Department clerk from Chippcwa Falls, Wls., whoso ravished, strangled body was found early Friday on Potomac Park golf course. Major Edward J. Kelly, superintendent of Metropolitan Polics, announced a charge of murder had been filed against Private Earl McFarland. ' Kelly announced that « service belt, a lipgtIcic-sUined cigarette, and a push-button Jackknife figured in the investigation which was climaxed by McFnriand's arrest curly this (Continued en P*s* *i Col. 3) r--5g9 Berrnm Up to 7,000 Planes, Man-| ned by 35,000 Airmen, Blast Oil Supply and All Types Factories oil By JAMES B. JAMESON London, Oct. 7— (IP) —Germany's supply, armament works, airplane factories and explosives plants were struck today by the greatest Allied aerial blow of the war, with combined assaults sending from 6,000 to 7,000 Allied planes over the Reich. A U. S. Strategic Airforce's com- munique called the American part of the operation "the greatest co-or- dinated aerial assault of the war." Heavy opposition was reported from flak and enemy fighters, and the Eighth Air Force alone reported 51 heavy bombers and 15 fighters missing from daylight operations. Several Reich CHies Afire Tonight several German cities there was were in flames and fresh devastation over the length and breadth of • German territory from more than 16,000 tons of bombs cascaded down in 24 hours. High explosives and incendiaries seared Germany, Austria, Hungary and the Nuzi western front, ns fine weather gave Allied flyers their chance to strike. Enemy fighter opposition concentrated in the Leipzig was area, where Fortresses were engaged In a brief but sharp attack by more than bO Me&serschmidts and Focke- Wolfs. Bomber gunners reported destroying II German fighters, while U. S. fighters shot down 22, including four Jet-propelled planes. The 3wl-w radio reported tonight that a German hydroelectric power station near the Swiss frontier and a large dam on the Rhone-Rhine canal in Upper Alsace had been hit in today's raids. More than 3,000 American and British heavy bombers from Britain and Italy participated in the widespread daylight attacks, which boosted to more than 18,000 the number of tons of exploding steel dumped on vital Axis targets in a 24-hour period. With 3,000 Allied fighters providing escort and making- auxiliary attacks, the day's sorties surpassed Friday's 6,000 figure. 35,000 Airmen Participate First, reports indicated heavy fighter ' opposition in some areas. In piling this fresh destruction on the Reich the Allies put an air army of roughly 35,000 men over the continent, with the bombers divided into three great armadas which split into at!H smaller groups in ftttnoking-ii wide variety of tar gats. simultaneously In more than a score of places In Nazi Europe. The t7. S. Eighth Airfares dispatched by far the greatest fleet, sending ovpr ; 1,400 flying Fortresses and Liberators with a bodyguard of (Continued ••/! P*{e i, Cot, Doughboys Hammer To Point Five to Six Miles Insiile Reich Against Wilting Resistance By ROBERT ETJNSON Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Oct. 7 (/P) — Doughboys of the tT. S. First Army cracked German defenses wide apen along a six-mile front north of Aachen today and swept up six 3erman towns In R high-powered three-mile drive that encountered wilting resistance. The Americans over-ran Beggendorf, Basweiler, Herbaach, Merk- steln, Hofstadt and Alsdorf as they hammered to a point five to six miles inside Germany In tho ori- ush that was described by an American staff officer as a definite breakthrough. Tho TJ. S. troops are "meeting less artillery fire and weaker opposition, field dlspltchec reported • tonight. Tanks, infantry, artillerjTand supplies poured into Germany through the. gap tore by the Americans. Planes and tanks battered at the enemy ns the U. S. advance units pressed ahead. Definite Breakthrough "This is definitely * break- j^ema go en e r y O ^7 J And Chicanery Laid To Dewey j Senator Truman Tells Legionnaires It Would Be Dangerous To Elect Inexperienced Leader By CHARLES NDTTER. Caruthersvllle, Mo., Oct. 7. (iP) — Senator Harry S. Truman, Democratic vice-presidential candidate, today accused the Republican national standard bearers of "demagoguery and chicanery" in current campaign speeches, and said it would be serious and dangerous "to take a chance on creating distrust with our Allies by placing an inexperienced leader" in the White Houso. Truman, in a speech prepared for delivery before the American Legion Pair here at which he has appeared annually since 1934 said the Republican standard bearers had made garbled quotations from c speech delivered . by President Roosevelt Oct. 5, 1937 had left words and sentences out of their proper context and have deliberately misrepresented the facts. Termed Form of Political Chicanery "I consider this the lowest form of political chicanery and I am very sure that the American people cannot be fooled by any such form of dishonesty", Truman said. He also charged that the reports and recommendations of his investigating committee "have be.en garbled and have been made'<tt> (Continued on Page 2, Col. s) ' U*LJ.UU£,LI «a LIU ii\JV Cb Vi kVilUA CVV* »>, Ck Third Army staff officer declared. "There atlll are defenses ahead of us, but we have driven through the main line of resistance In this sector ' * The whole 4BO-mile front stirred restlessly. Tha T7. S. Third Army struck In the long-dormant Irtixembourg sector, cleared Germans from virtually the entire Duchy, and was nearlng the frontier town of Wormcldange due east .of the capital on the Moselle river fnclng the Reich. Thus two great American armies, the First and Third, were cement* ing their assault lines from Holland to northern France, but for the moment at least it was the First Army which was driving toward the Industrial heart of Germany nlong the Rhine and Ruhr. The power drive, rolling over th« bitterly-fought Ubach sector nino miles cast of th« historic invasion gateway to Germany at Aachen, overran the. German town of Bas- weiler, severing one of two main voads lending 30 miles northwest to Dusseldorf at the doorway to tb.9 rich Ruhr valley. Other Doughboys On March While this momentous fighting was raging, other Doughboyi la almost division streniTth were rolling through the forests 25 miles southeast of Aachen in a punch that hnd already carried through the first mine fields and dragons teeth of the west wall against negllglbla resistance. Between these two sectors. First Army troops fighting within 25 miles of Cologne in the Hurtgen forest 10 miles southeast of Aachen hammered forward three-quarters of n, mile, cleared the last of tho west wall's pill boxes and wer* tackling the earthwork* beyond. The going was slow und hard, -but they were 10 mile. 1 ! Inside Germany • (Continued on Page 3, Col, i) Marines And Soldiers Kill 12,211 Japanese On Palaus U. S. Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 7 (/?')— Marines and soldiers invading the Falaus have killed 12,211 'Japanese 'and captured 224 since Sept. 15, day of the landings, the Navy announced today. On the «ir base island of Peleliu, 11,083 Japunc.se have been slain and 214 'captured but the Nipponese still cling to one pocket of resistance at Omorbrogol mountain (Bloody Nose Ridge.) However, today's communique said American tanks and artillery had reduced that pocket in action Friday. The other 1,128 Japanese slain and 10 captured fel! victim to Invaders of Angnur, south of Peleliu In the Pftliuw. Operating from PcIoliuVi captured ail-field, Marine Corsair planei ranged north in the Palau* to the big island of Babelthaup Friday, damaging villages, IS supply dumps, two buildings and 28 trucks and strafing three boats and seven barges. . The communique also reported mainl-cnnnce of Air action against the Kurilea north of Japan. Mitchells bombed Paramushlro . and Shlmushu Tuesday, sinking a cargo ship, damaging a barge, fighting off 15 to 20 enemy probnbly destroying two -and damaging two others. Big Liberators also bombed Par*- mushiro. Near- the Palatw, it Nary Mtnfc plane struck at Yap the g«m» day. Liberators dropped 33 tor* ol bombs on by pawed Tnik, in thb cen« Vrul Carolines Thursday. >•

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