Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland on February 25, 1945 · Page 6
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Cumberland Sunday Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 6

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Sunday, February 25, 1945
Page 6
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SIX SUNDAY TIMES, CUMBERLAND. MIX, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 25/1945 *ri Attten-wu Oici;.t Suir.iUjrl «od SUBCJIY Morning ,i»at.-i»c<l, M<J. Published t>j Th« Titrti & A:t«<anl.n rniMnf. »t 7 «nd » Soul!] «»'.li»nl s strttt. Cx;n\b«f Qu, • Md. TJ quent ittrtd -u :h« C!»M Miller. Md., >> Stcood Meccbrr Midtt Burrta or CUc at Tht Aanotnt.d Vlttt ,i« AiKcvi»i^a Prui u e«;u4fvr!> mtltlra to ust lor pW:c»'.;:,;; ol it) nivi dUpiX«hfa crcdiird lo It or thcrctn. JUfPHOXE- i*0fl >rlv»ij br»nch _ _ For M>; : tr.<\ C»r«et Stt ClmttiVd V»tc. Sunday Morning:, February 25, 1945 ;• Our iS'iition's Prayer Oft' Gad, from' Whom proceed ail \ holy tle>ires,.. a!! right counsels and ', Just works, grant unto "'tis, Thy set- j i-aiita,- tfiat peace which the world, } cannot give .that our hearts may be ] deioted to Thy service and that, de- ! Hver'ed /r;.-?n the jesrof'our enemies { H.V.- may pa.w our time in peace under ] """' protection. . • • » ; THBSE, TOO, ALSO SBK VK : Not jo long ap.o this newspaper ex- ;: r'js.?ed the 'opinion thnt' Congress should .•;a.« ah act which would entitle war corre- pondtmt.3. and other non-combatants who -.ct'ompany the armed forces'and'aid them ,1 many ways, to receivemedals of" honor fhenevcr they display the same valor which, uallfles the actual fighting man for these wards. We called attention to the fact ha't:.several war correspondent;? have been Hind and others seriousiy wounded while erfornung their duties at .the front and f'rfpenotiirh, we art* assured, yie same ilatir>u- could be given them that is so ften given soldiers: "For valor beyond the ne of : duty." Within recent'days we have .'arr.od that Representative 1 Bennett of 5l.s5our; has introduced a bill in the House .'hlch. to cjiwte- Jack Stinnett;' well known ''ashinsson correspond!'::!, is intended "to ighf«n cpiwidfirably the circumstances ndf:- which the Purple Heart can. : 'be • nin'.ert." We asre'e with Congressman Bennett ha I the PurpI* Heart., as weil as all other liiiMiry citat.ions. should not be conferred chtiy. This particular decoration Is in ur opinion, the most sacred of any of those esiowed a.s a rrsv.-ird for exceptional serv- •e reneiered. . rt is reserved tor those who have been wounded in action in perform- nee of duty against, the enemy." It is the Ideat- military award in this country' and here are those, Including Congressman sennett-. who claim that it. Is the second ideu military medal in the world. It .•as on\ August.?-. 1782. that Gen. George Washington established the "Military Order f the PitrpiL-Heart," at that •n.s not reserved for the wounded but for unusual gallantry and singularly meritor- >tis acts of extraordinary fidelity and -isentlai service" .Strangely enough, It Isappeareri. _ We do. not believe It was estowed during the Civil War and we .now it was not used during the. War with Spain. it, was. however, revived durtog he first world war af which time it- was est'rioted to men who had been wounded n action In performance of duty against he enemy. Again we agree with Congressman iennett in the ftu", that under the quali- icatiohs now set forth for the reception of • his award, war con-'ftspbn'd'enU, Red Cross corkers or others who have hot been ormaHy inducted into the armed forces, eligible"to receive the Purple Heart. Ve .agree with Congressman Bennett- ac- ording .to the .letter of the law. We do >.ot agree with him In the spirit in which i? hao rai.-'-=a hSs objection and upon which i» Saas ba,s-d r.he bill he has introduced to he Hoiis*. When the Congressman from Missouri declares that'this 1 venerable nilll- ary award has'sunfc : to sMch low estate : that It. tigs been distributed with reckless ibandon to dogs nnd blues singers" we be. leve he is only making:a clown of, himself. : le jfoea on to say that it Is an insult to the . Bounded service men to bestow the Purple .: leart on "war correspondents and Red : Jross people also serving In the war theater : .ind Injured by enemy action." When Qen- ictt mentioned "blues singers" he was referring: to Jane Froman who was seriously njured when a plane crashed which was •nklng her to the front where : she was to intertain battle weary service men. If he Purple Heart was conferred in Miss /roman, there has been, we belle-re, a vio- atlon'of the provisions for its award. If t • has been conferred on war correspondents or Red Cross workers, there ; has ; >een, likely enough, similar violation. But have been technical violations made josslble; by a finer spirit of appreciation tt valor.than Congressman Bennett shows - oward those who-are doing so much for •he >ervlce men,--"and we feel confident hat those who would resent the Congress- Chan's "attitude., inost. are those' very service . nen he claims have been Insulted. We repeat what we have""said before: ("here are those who are rendering patrlo- . .lc : service In the thick of this war .and ye risking their lives every day in so doing, >ther than those who are carrying the juns. Arid when we say this: we most .Certainly are not overlooking what those . ictually in the armed forces are doing, •for are we depreciating the combatants vhen we point out that every one of the ion-combatants who are sharing the hardship* of war with the soldiers, are "volun- .eers. They could be, if they were no ncllned, aafe at home in the midst of the :omforts and . the luxuries that American •Jvlllahs continue to enjoy, war or-no war. rhey are serving their country in no small vsiy and .that their service Is appreciated, ivery man in uniform will attest. It would x; more fitting, In our opinion, If Congress Vould pass an act giving official recogni- ,lon and approval to the men and women .vho risk their lives to be of service to the »rmed forces and which would entitle them ; 'f> some of the honors bestowed upon those Vho have; regular'military status. We do lot believe, the proposal-'of Congressman Sennctt will b« popular or that It will win sim any friends among our fighting men. : WAR WAGES .;, The active operation of this/great war Is so engrossing, In Its military and naval :•.' phases, that most people give comparatively little attention to the industrial production problems involved. But these are no less Important than,'the fighting li-self, and it would be reasonable to take'as much interest In the mills and shipyards as in the battle • fronts. Our war production in important lines has generally fallen somewhat '.\ short : of what it-might be, on account of.what seem .to most. : outsiders unnccessarj' restrictions of :working time, in the factories. Work. men have usually held, technically to the same number of hours' work per day or week that they would.accomplish in peace time, while .demanding and'getting generous over-lime pay for the hours exceeding the low. .standard sel. Naturally in, such a system there is now a very large amount ;qt over-time, with itLs .resultant . : liberal rise .In civilians' war-time pay. : : . A current-example Is that of the Cleve-:. land and Lornin yards of the American . Shipbuilding Company, where the district • supervisor of navy shipbuilding has just ordered an increase from 48 to 58 working hoiirs a week for all employees. In such cases the workers evidently qet a liberal waire r'ai.=e on top of a wage .scale which ' already .coniallied generous boo.<t.s. Such gi-nerosUy is easily understandable .in war time: but it tends, to uneasiness among millions; who can get no such raise, arid yet'are caught- In a certain chain of rising prices. 1 -••'•' THE VOLCANO ISLANDS V COTTON CLOTHING. The OPA and WPB are cooperating in a .constructive .anti-Inflation effort which will be hailed by every harried housewife and bill-paying- husband. They are ptitiin<* low-priced cotton clothing back onto store ... -shelves, it's a'double-barrelled operation. WPB i s to allot 75,percent.'of all civilian cotton fabric to low and popularly priced clothing manufacturers, thus freezing out. to| some extent-,, the.-production of luxury :clothing. OPA has promised to roll 'back prices by six or .seven percent. They say that almost all infants' and children's appnrei. a 'nd most of the cotton garments for adults, will have .manufacturer's ",'taas showing- Jus: what reinil,ceilinsr prices are. These will .start appearing in store's during the Fprln^ and enrly summer. It's a wise and practical, plan.'. .The housewife's part is to see.that she-.doesn't sret so. excited a*, finding: such clothing once more available, that- she pa'v's, more than the. ceiling price. Those ceilings are her protection .now sncl In the future, against exorbitant : casts far necessities of everyday living. CARS, OLD ANT) NEW People are starting to talk about automobiles again, with the first indications of spring. Hope springs eternal; and a little pleasanb weather can work wonders with human yearnings and plans. What sort of" . car. then, do we want when the factories start making 'em again? If we fellows who : buy nml^ r.he/care really know what we want, it's time to tell the designers. Do we want another crop of cars that we can't get under, even to tighten a bolt without ruining .our clothes and getting dirt down the back of the neck? 'DO we want'wheels that hide, .or reveal, the under '. part-s of a car? Do we want to be able to fasten a chain to the car. in. case of trouble, and a crank to turn the motor over in ' case or need, as we used to? Considerations like these become more important, with so many old cars on the road' and so many things happening to them. Maybe we need fewer gadget and' more took, rather than the opposite. ^ '#53 -^ -O '4*??7st<. — SNAPSHOTS ALONG THE WAY -BV TUJK WANTJEJIEK- "Poor Child- —-By W. O. ROGERS Mc«t books about children are apt to be Interesting'for an adult reader as children's books, but Anne Parrish turns the story-of the .strange, baffled Martin Doyle, 12 years old. Into a powerful and tense drama. As "Poor Child," this book Is published by Harper. : It's a little story.. Thnt Is, it moves within a restricted group and on a small scaJe; but detail is piled on detail, the common phrase "poor child" takes on * stirring, awesome meaning and, after you've read ten pages, you absolutely have to read the other 280. Martin's own miserable family has been wiped out by violence, and as the book opens he is removed from a charity organization to' the luxurious home of the widowed Constance de Kendon. The subject of the story Is his fierce, desperate struggle to adjust himself. • A heart warming note his readied The Winderer. .It was written by a resident of Cumberland .who, like himself. 15 a native o: Indiana. "The. writer, of this note reveals Dial she spent her girlhood in Lnfayeue. a;cicy doubtless best known to those In other parts of .the country as the seat., of. Purdue. University, an institution of national reputation. Lafayette is in Tippecauoe County where,'on November 7, 1811, Gen. wailani Henry Harrison, : who was destined to become President- of the United States luitj to serve the .shortest term (one month) of any President ever elected, defeated the Indians who, stirred up by their leaders. Tecmnseh and his brother, "the Prophet," were bent upon'ex- terminating the n'hite settlers. Perhaps battles of thnt sort mean little here in the East where the scenes of early colonial warfare, not to mention tho^e of the American Revolution and .'the Civil War, are near at hand. But out in Indiana the people hike great pride In their minor battle : history, and the battlefields, like that of Tippecanoe. near Lafayette, are carefully preserved. The i Battle of Tippecanoe may have been a." petty engagement when the number of men participating and the few casualties are taken .into-.consideration,-..but it did have .important bearing on the future of the United States. ThsU period .. niarkiMl .the beginning of the opening of the west and the expansion of this country which within comparatively few years has become the greatest in the world. The Wanderer's Hixx-sier correspondent informs.him that she too. vividly remembers that day in 1898 when weird came ;hat the Battleship Maine hsd been 'destroyed. prcEtimably by the Spaniards, in Havana Harbor. This : event was . mcnl.loiied in lr,A-t Sunday's ecii'tion. of "Snarvshot.s.' 1 But in that connection The Wanderer is compelled to arise- and defend the fair reputniion of Marion, Indiana, his old home town, which his Lafayette correspondent depre- Martln's foil is Constance's son John, a delicate and sensitive boy. rt Is greatly : to Miss Parrlsh's credit that she: makes both children real, for while Martin Is * literary find, so to spenk, the fragile John must liave been a writer's headache. One of the novel's great virtues is fhat we see In Martin's : inexpert, youthful bungling a reflection of ourselves: the desire to please, the ambition to advance,-the fatal readiness to take the ensier way. The very things we ought to dislike about Martin are Uncomfortably close to what we might have beeri, Indeed to what in a less dramatic degree we are. This !s no namby-pamby story. Backstairs Intrigue become* as exciting as espionage; blood l.s .spilt; and there's a little scene of sexual!depravity masterfully !; painted, so true you shiver, so deftly worded that the innocent reader will retain his ; blissful innocence. . : i Miss Parrish ha.s outdone herself In this novel, her eleventh, but her first since 1M1 ... a work of this Jewel-like perfection might well have: taken her several years. She-writes sensitively nnd develops her material/with skill. Be sure to save a place on your shelve-s for "Poor Child." "You spoke," she writes, "of Marion relying on the Chicago newspapers for news of the sinking . of the Maine. Well, LaFayette can beat you for we had the 'Courier.' ,.; The news of the sinking of the Maine was across the top In black scare head. I read It and ran pell mell into the house where my mother was getting supper and yelled at the top of my voice: "They've sunk the Maine, to hell with Spain.' That wasn't a nice thing for a little girl to say but my mother never forgot to tell it." I-EW WALLACE'S NEPHEW ; EDITOR OF MARION PAPER The Wanderer did not say that Marion had to rely on the Chicago -newspapers for the story of the sinking of the Maine. What he did say was that Marlon had no local morning newspaper at that time. Such betn ? the those who did not s?e the Chicago newspapers had to wait until the: 'afternoon papers,, of which Marlon had two, were..published. Extra edition.? were-. ;by ho means common In those days Vespecially"'in the smaller cltiesi The Wanderer's family always took a Chicago morning paper and in this way learned much important news before they saw it in the local papers. Lafayette did not have a morning paper nt that time either, but as The Wanderer's cor- re-spondent says, It did have the "Courier" which wns puUJlshed every weekday afternoon. This she makes plain by explaining that after rending the Maine story In the "Courier" she rushed Into the house where her mother was getting supper. The Wanderer hnd known about this great calamity hours lie- fore thnt nnd of course, Us later details were contained in the nJtcr- noon papers of Marlon which nt thnt time'were the "Chronicle" and the "Leader." The:. "Courier" of Lafayette Is, however, one of the most venerable newspapers In Indiana, having been founded:In JB29 nnd published continuously ever since. It If not, however, rw old us the "Sun" which wns established at Vlnccnnej, Indiana In ISM. That wiui Jiwt four years after ; .the Indiana Territory was orgnnlz- by a man named- "Phint"- Wallace who WLW a nephew of Gen. Lew Wallace, famous Hoosier novelist who, as a Union officer during the Civil War, was in command of forces which for n considerable period were -stationed here in Cmn- berlajid. "Phint" Wallace (,it is likely The Wanderer never knew his real first name) was regarded as a brilliant man who wrote poignant Democratic editorials in a county which was largely Republican. He was well along in life in 1898 nnd .died within the next two or three years. : It WHS either during the Spanish- American war or shortly afterward, that a morning newspaper called the "News'^was launched In Marlon: This gave ' a. city of about. 20,000 . inhabitants cliree newspapers, which was not unusual in those days. But this was not to be the end of Marlon's newspaper growth.' In 190Q the "Tribune" was founded and sometime later a short lived afternoon daily called the "Bulletin" came into existence. Thus Marion, for about a year, had live daily papers. • • - . ; CONSUL CREDITS FAME TO ROCK SALT The editor of the "Moniine News'" was a peppy little man named Robert Mansfield, whom The Wanderer vividly remehibers. Later, during • some presidential administration or other. Bob Mansfield was appointed to the United States consular service arid went to Zanzitaai-. He must havo enjoyed this experience thoroughly if one may judge from the hilarious- letters he sent back to Marion for publication in his old newspaper. But Mansfield likewise got into trouble in .Zanzibar. It seems that a native woman, hieh in her tribe's official circles, iivusted ou bat-hint; 1 ' every morning ui a pool immedinTe- ly in front of Mr. Mansfield's consulate. This dusky lady knew no more about Hollywood styles than did anybody else bsck in the early 1900's. and, evidently she wa.s born about O yt.-'.rj tc.-j 5(,:,n. . ., At any rate Mr. Mansfield objected' to her bathing costume which was the one Mother Nature had provided for hex at the time of her ; birth. Mr. Mansfield, his Hoosier modesty shocked, resolved to put a stop to the bathing practice in his particular pool. Protests brought no result, so he loaded a shotgun with rock salt and used It. The result was that Mr. Robert Mansfield was recalled by his government from the post he held nt Zanzibar. However, this did not Injure his career. He was transferred from the consular to the diplomatic service, moved forward step by step and eventually became United States minister at Geneva. He once told an old friend of The Wanderer that he owed his advancement in life to the unrestrained'use of rock salt. But Bob Mansfield wasn't the only nowspnper editor to work in Marlon and then become famous. When the "Tribune' 1 was started, Strickland Oillllan was its first—and only—edi-- tor. As The Wanderer has said before In this column, It was while working on the Marion "Tribune" that Glllllan wrote his popular Jingle, "Off . agin, on agin, gone agin Pinnlgan." It was with Strickland Gillllan as his first boss that The Wanderer undertook to learn something: about the newspaper business as a cub reporter. ;•• The Marion "Tribune" was published about three years, but was never a paying venture and flnally was merged with the "Morning News" and the two papers were published o.s one under the title of "The . News-Tribune." Strickland Gillllnn, whose reputation as a writer, humorist and lecturer had steadily grown, left Marlon and it wasn't long until he was conducting an editorial page column on one of the Sunpapcrs .at Baltimore. Now hfi lives In Washington, does a lot of free lance writing for magazines and fills countless speaking engagements. is called the "Leader-Tribune." The old "Chronicle," which was established in 1839 ar.d was for a long time .owned'and edited • by Georee B. Lock'.vpod, who founded .the National Republican at Washington D. C.. still appears every evening as the "Marion Chronicle." but on Sun- any, the morning 'paper becomes the "ChrcniclErTribune;" ...The general manager of this bi" . publishing-company, which likewise operates two or three papers in Florida, is a man named Gardner Thomas, whom The Wanderer well remembers as a red haired, freckle- fp.ced carrier boy on the "Chronicle." After finishmsr high school Gardner took a job in the business office of the "Chronicle" nnd eventually married the daughter of the publisher. . Horatio Alger storiw are not without their counterparts in real life. : . • Prom all of this The Wanderer's good friend from Lafayette will see thnt Marion', Indiana, wns never dependent on the Chicago newspapers for its news/ although of course, the big metropolitan papers; did cover events more thoroughly and contained more features" than was possible with the papers of the smaller eitie.?. Marion and Lafayette included. • the "Journal," and again, in keeping with modern cuMom. the "Journal" and the "Couiier'' are now published by the same company with the -.. VJournal" appearing mornings, the '•Courier'' evenings and :i combination of the two on Sunday. The las: The Wanderer, knew about the La- fnyecte situation, the editor of the Lafiyctte "Courier" was a . man named George Stout who was born arid reared in Marion and who started his newspaper career in thnt : city. Stota:.r<iid The Wanderer once worked together on the Indianapolis "Stiir." .'•:.• For the benefit of tlibfe readers who lace, it is oniy fair to say that this column, like that of last Sunday, grew out of several observations marie recently by Clirrli." ??." EJriiP.TH in h'5 "Ncvr Yorl: Day by Day" including : his mention of the destruction of the Battleship Maine on February 15, which was . the forty-seventh anniversary of : that event. .... -, Our Lafayette correspondent's confession that she exclaimed "to hell with SpMn" when she learned that the Maine had been blown up, reminds The Wanderer that the slogan most commonly heard during the Spanish-American fracas was "Remember the Maine and to hell with Spain." ; : PROUD OF SAILOR FIGHTING WITH DEWEY New York Sunday Letter How To Learn To Writr By CHARLES B. DKISCOLL Floyd Gibbons, who will be remembered by some of the elder readers and radio listeners, was. fired from every paper la Saint Paul and Minneapolis, because he couldn't write. ,- . ..- ... But Floyd was an ambitious boy. Being fired never discouraged him _ very much. He went to Chicago, got a sort of a job on a newspaper, and when the War to End Wars broke out, he was sent to Europe because he was Irresponsible and inexpensive. OIT the coast of Ireland, his snip was torpedoed. At that time, it was unusual for any writer to be torpedoed. In fact, I suspect thru he was. the first working press man ever to be catapulted into the sen by an enemy torpedo and survive to write the tale. . Floyd was in the water a long time. He was landed in Ireland eventually, and got hold of a cable key. For hours he kept the story going to his newspaper. It was a first person story of being dunked in .the drink, and it came out- in brief, unselfconsclous bursts of short nnd sturdy expressions. Floyd was a writer! '•' . That cold: bath in the s.ilty At- ' lantic was_as the world knows, the making- of a sreat reporter. Gibbons went on to combat observation,, and had an eye shot out in France. He returned to America, went on the air, lectured, wrote, and displayed the patch over the missing eye. He made a tremendous fortune, and, for several years, wns one of this country's most favored 'reporters and air-talkers. to prove that Ernie could write « good Journeyman story of war. . . • ; " AJ1 at once I have discovered another writer. If I were a ss-ndicate editor I'd sign him up right away, and pay him twice his present salary. : - - : ••••" He is Frank Spellman, from Whitman, Mass. :••:-. Or, more formally, the Most Reverend Francis Joseph Spellman A. B., S. T, D., LL. D., Archbishop of New York. His article entitled "Report From Rome," in a recent Issue of the weekly called Collier's was one of the most moving and informative bits of writing to come out of the war. And not a labored line; not an overplayed situation: not an obvious attempt to jerk a tear.. If you can read it without shedding tears you're a hnrder guy than I am, ajid I've been in this racket a long time. The point of Lhj s s tory is that Floyd Gibbons had no special talent for writing or public speaking. But a dip in the drink made him. The first best recipe for powerful writing is: "Have something to sny." And that brings me to two present-day. cases of good writing. There is. for instance, Ernie Pyle I suppose everybody in America has written about Ernie. I've interviewed him for the column. Ernie was tooling an old car all over America, and writ-ing about what the filling station man said what the sun looked like when it cnme up in Salt Lake City, and what farmers in. Kansas thought about the income tax. Not a new or unusual idea, but well and professionally done. Ernie was a member of tiie working press. Besides knowing How to adjust a carburetor, he knew how to make words match up into sentences. But the customers didn't aive him a tumble. Or maybe it wns'his bosses who didn't. It's sometimes hard to tell about those factors. Now, the point about Spellman is —well, a lot of points. . • In the first place, I don't think the piece was ghosted. I've been ; familiar with the gtiost business a long while, and I have ghosted for some of the most famous and highly-paid writers who ever lived. I can smell a ghost more quickly than : the average exorcist. Nobody could have had the feeling- and knowledge for writing this article except the . man whose name was signed to it. When he tells alxmt meeting the Pope and the generals and all the mighty ones of earth, he is as popeyed about it, in a polite, strained manner, as he might have been when he was plugging away for his credits out at Forrtham. He is a learned man, but simple in his human relationships. , An archbishop here in the United States, ordinarily doesn't get much <jf a chance to practice the art of writing. He writes a lot of pastoral letters about special collections, and the parish priests have to read them aloud to the customers, who nap contentedly during the reading. Spellman was writing that kind of communique for years, and everybody hoped he would learn how to say it in Braille. ''• All of a sudden, Spellman starts flying around In airplanes like Eleanor Roosevelt. Except that he didn't have an special planes built for him, or have any special fighter escort. And he was on some sort of mission, which we may never hear all about. But it was with the approval of the War Department. . • • . Well. Ernie wangled a war assignment bin, of his bo«es, and he hit the popularity meter an awful wallop. AH of a sudden the country, the soldiers and, last, hue not least, Ernie's bosses, found out that he is good. . •. • • Maybe it was the war that did it. Maybe the foxhole reporting was > . more likely, his employers, needed Spellman had seen popes nnd generals before. But now he saw them against a background of suffering peasants, bleeding soldiers, ruined cities, heartbreaking poverty, starving babies. " ' And Spellman became a writer. But not an ordinary writer. He can make you cry if you have human stuff in you. I hate to think about the pastoral letters that man will write, once he gets back on the job. I'm afraid the customers will toss in their shoes, after their pocketbooks. Rflfiied tjr McNaujht Srndicnte, Inc. FuLbriglit Is No Stick-Iii-ilie-Mud By JACK STINNETT man Senator: There's been a. lot of hooey written about Sen. James WDliam Fulbright, Democrat of Favetteville . Ark. -. " There probably always will be. In spite of an inherent find unfailing honesty, he's that kind of a guy. He was born on a Chariton county farm near Sumner, Mo., which is about halfway between Mark Twain's Hannibal and St. Joe. Tills isn't Ozark country, and young J. William is no log-cabin product. His pa, Jay Fulbricht. wns the kind of trader who. when he {rot tired of the mud of Sumner county, was willing to change It for trie mud acar FayettevUle. When Mr.«. Fulbright taxed him with the caution that she hadn'c heard of any shot-tape of mud around Fayecte- ville, philosophical Jay merely commented, "AH right, Roberta, but it won't be the same mud." declaration, but it said the <=arnc thing. ...... Keep your eye on .1. William Ful- briirht. If you hear his enemies sny he has his head in the clouds, remember also thnt his friends say he still has his feet in that Arkansas mud. Spenklng of the afternoon new*P»P«M *t Marion as they were in 1B9fl when tl)0 BaU) whlp Maine cffi WAR BRINGS MILD PROFANITY In keeping with conditions every: where, Marion, Indiana, has only- two newspapers at present and both are owned by the same company ; and published in the same plant. : These two represent the four which • The Wanderer knew as a young boy. : The name of the old "Morning . News" has been tost, but thnt of the {"Tribune" WBJI retained. The ."Leader" became- a part of this combine and Marion's morning paper , Celluloid buttons worn on coat : lapels were Just beginning to be. popular In 1838 and although most people thought it rather daring to use the word "hell." buttons bearing the war slogan were commonly worn. No doubt such conduct would be excused today as something bound to grow.out of the war. In 1917 "c'est la guerre" wns the excuse given for everything, but Americans didn't know that expression back in 1898. Morton, Indiana, was a glass manufacturing citj', and one factory specialized In novelties and souvenirs. For years and years The Wanderer's family hnd a plnss tumbler on which a picture of the Battleship Maine was etched. It bore the Inscription: "Remember the Maine" but the remainder of the slogan was .omitted. That occupied a place In a china cabinet In The Wanderer's parental home for KCI long that only the other day, when It came to mind, he looktxj into a similar china cabinet In the dining-room of his Cumberland home, expecting to see It. But It. like so many souvenirs of the past, probably disappeared'years ago. The people of Marlon hnd two things of which to boast during- the Spanish-American war. A :young . man named : Harry Goldthwaite, . whose father was the business manager tit the Marlon "Chronicle," was a chief yeomnn aboard Admiral Dewey's flagship, the Olympln, during the Battle of Manila Bny. Another young man named Jim Me- Murtrlc was ' likewise In the Navy and was on board the Battleship OreRrfn which marie a record run from the Pacific to the Atlantic nnd Involved the perilous trip around the Horn. The Wanderer lost trace of Jim. McMurtrlc long ago, but Harry Goldthwaite ultimately went : back : to-Morion and served several':terms as-.county clerk. In both places the senior Fulbright prospered. The FMlbrights weren't rich, but they were never hungry. Still, both FayettevUle and Stim- ner are a long way from a Rhodes scholarship at Oxford university; sabbatical year in the Balkans. Poland and the Near East, where the volcano of World War II was beginning to blow its top. They are far from Washington, D. c.. the NRA, and a professorship in international law at George Washington university. : Scholastically, they were quite * i distance from the presidency of the University of Arkansas, which is at FayettevUle; and politically j us t as far from a two-year seat in the House of Representatives and now a broader chair and wider rie.^k In the Senate. -.. Yet, In 40 years, that briefly, Is the route that 3. William F-,iibrlght has taken. Along the way, he managed to star in football nt Arkansas and tennis and lacrosse at Oxford. He was good enough at lacrosse to be a member of the Oxford-Cambridge team that toured the United states In 192F. , ••• He mRrried a Philadelphia socialite, Elizabeth Williams; spent * brief term as the president of the University of Arkansas ano managed to get himself kicked out fcr his thoughts on education. After that, he won seats in tiic Hcii.=e and Senate by majorities thnt Arkansas had never heard of; In the Litter instance, over former Gov. Homer Adklns, who four years earlier hnd booted him out of the university presidency. : . If the record ended there, the Rhodes Scholarship Committee and the numerous Fulbrisht clan still could point with pride. • As R freshman congressman about a year ago. he Introduced the now well-known Fulbright resolution—a 55-word statement of foreign policy to win the war nnd participate, with force when necessary, In main- •', talnlnjf the peace. In mos: in- .stances, the House would have brushed It off as .the mouthing.* o f n. youngster. Instead, It passrr) it i by an unprecedented record vote of 360 to ;29. The Senate,, which • '•hcrlshcs the maklnir of iu own ••• The other day at one of Mrs. Roosevelt's press conferences (for ladies of the press only, but Edith Gaylord, a most competent reporter for The Associated Press, was kind enough to let me resd her copious notes) the Krst Lady, expired the opijiion that jooner or Uter service men and women of this war will form their own veterans' organization. : i . This pronouncement came on the very same day that r.he American Legion iii-.ncui-.ccd its'pic;! fcr keeping postwar employment up to ' a level of at least 55,000,000. The Legion's exhaustive report of a. survey and future employment program is Just part of the rejuvenation plan by which It hopes to attract millions of veterans of this war to its membership. It has much on its side. With approximately 20.000 posts In this country, it already has an organization set up that can do a whale of a job In soliciting new members. It can "point with pride" to Its effectiveness in getting beneficial legislation through Congress. It can draw on paternal feeling for those veterans of this war who want to wear the same lapel buttons their dads do. There's no doubt either that some youngsters already feel they should concentrate on their own organizations. The American Veterans of World War II Is already a going and growing concern. As Mrs. Roosevelt pointed out, there may be others when the boys and girls get back from overseas. What trend the veterans organizations will take Is a matter that very well could, for some years, shape the destiny of America. If the ten or twelve million service folk of this war ever could agree on something, they probably would be able to cast or control (through families and friends) between forty and fifty million votes. . . - .. In view of this, the conversation I had with an Air Force captain a few hours after Mrs. Roosevelt's comments and the American Leare Interesting. He .has served in every theater. What he said was: "To a certain extent, I agree with Mrs. Roosevelt. Getting th« postwar ideas of Ol Joes has been a hobby of mine. Unless the American Legion and other established veterans' organizations are willing, and can prove they are, to hand over their organizations to the youngsters, they aren't going to get very far. "Before this war Is over, probably 85 percent of our uniformed ten millions will have seen oversea* service. Many of those who hov» never seen frontline duty have bew bombed nnd strafed. Compare ihfc with the million men who got overseas In the Inst war and the fourth ; of that who ever saw nny real fighting.

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