Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on April 27, 1943 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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The Byline of Dependability Star The Weather Arkansas: Scattered thundershowers in the northeast portion Jatc this afternoon and early tonight; cooler tonight. NUMBER 165 Star of Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, APRIL 27, 1943 (AP)—Moans Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Hies Near Road to Tunis Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN Sales Tax Is Limited Most Revenue at- Lowest Rate Yesterday's decision by the Arkansas Supreme Court iblding that the State Revenue Department is prohibited.from Selecting the slate's 2-per-cenr sales tax from Memphis ^iScpartment stores puts a definite limitation on the sales tax as t source of additional revenue. ull Triumphs As Trade Plan t Gets Approval 'By TOM REEDY ^Washington, April 27 I/I') — ITht House Ways and Means com- ULC voted 14 to II today approv- of the administration's rccipro- ti ule agreement program os- lallv as it was requested 1 by Hit Stale Department after rc- "~ Jetting a series of Republican amendments. ;Thc committee accepted o n e Change offered by Rcprcsnla- ^iyc Dtwoy (R-Illi.that would Included as a reason for slispond- U idc with another nation evi- _c that the country dealt with i national cartels. Chan man Doughton (D - NO f said the measure, renewing for ) , Ihicc years the Strikes Threaten to Tie Up Soft Coal Industry —Washington | ( i State depart- ont s authority to. negotiate re- ^lpiocal pacts with other nations, would be presented on the floor Of the House after the tax problem been settled. Democratic majority in the mmillcc rejected amendments Republicans which would have ivcn congress .veto power wor .the. i XWrcaties, prevented import of pro* , Relucts at such prices that would be f !owci than domestic cost of pro- 1 duotion restricted the program to •^wo years, and have given Ameri- \CDn pioduccrs the right to appeal an agiecmcnt to the customs qpin t if they could show they had 'been injured economically. 4 \ Rcpicscntativc K n u 1 s on (H- ^Mmti i offered the Republican xl.aSmcndmcnls !lllc l s;i ' c ' later that a ^"Democratic member, Rep. West of <*Tc\ is "led the fight for them." H TWtsl was represented as protest- Ing the effect of the trades pro- 'gi.nn o n the Texas cattle industry. »i i ' ' np onc Adopted cluineg was jf^skcd by Dewey who contended \ duiing committee hearings that in- \teinalional cartels — industrial \jnd economic monopolies — had woiked to the disadvantage of i jA' 1101 "- ; > n commerce, in the re- '{j^woiding of the act Ihis situation is jnot specifically mentioned as a {reason for the president to suspend 1,^1 iido with a nation demonstrated to be dealing with such a cartel. * Knutson had proposed that eon- rcss have DO legislative days in to veto a trade treaty, a (Suggestion that the State/ department strenuously opposed. Ho said 26 of the 30 agreements negotiated '''had to be submitted to the For- Kjign legislative bodies concerned ljc ratified" and added that ,*'v.e feel the American people do pot want the congress blacked out jpf future major arrangements \Vith other countries." *' The program, conceived by Sec- rctaiy Hull in 1034, permits the (Jcpailmont to extend concessions vin i olurn for favors received. The 'concessions in some cases have 'tpken the form of lower tariffs • which Republicans contend have juicd American business. The implications of the supreme court decision are obvious—in a state where the majority of the cities arc virtually border towns. The legislature can enact a higher sales tax if it wants to, but so long as goods may move in from out- of-slate points tax-free a higher levy would yieid less revenue instead of more. What we have here is merely legal confirmation of the practical limitation that has always existed in sales lax legislation. You can collect only so much from the home people—and beyond that you force trade away from home, to oul-of- state metropolitan centers, and to the mail-order houses. This revives Hie question whether a "use tax" wouldn't plug the loopholes of the sales tax structure. The stale of Iowa, if my memory is correct, adopted a use tax and used it to successfully collect the Iowa state stiles tax levy against the Chicago mail-order houses on sales to residents of Iowa. Arkansas should look into the matter of a use tax to catch interstate sales—but the everlasting truth is that the sales tax, regardless of its original form or any reinforcement we may give it, is most effective at the broadcas base and the lowest possible rate. Soviet-Polish Break Hurts War Planners Duisburg Hit by I, * I • I• Tons British Bombs £ft ;Nips Fear U.S. Through the Aleutians , By the Associated Press * The Japanese radio reported to- i^ay a strong concentration of Unite£l States bomber and fighter Sfjuadrons in Alaska and the Aleutian islands, which point like Stepping stones toward Tokyo. The broadcast, heard by the ssouated Press, quoted the correspondent of UK- Newspaper Asam as saying: i i "The Japanese .should not take AJneiican boasts about coming air gjtacks too light - heartedly, but gfjpuld prepare mentally a n d l^atciially to frustrate these Ajneucan attempts." 'The report said the Americans weic "feverishly establishing large a|rficlds" on all the Aleutian is- \3ndb large enough to aecom- *|j8pddte hangars, runways, planes. munition dumps. The largest C was said to lie on Kodaik nd where three squadrons were blished. By WADE WERNER Washington, April 27-—(/Pi—A diplomatic monkey wrench was losscc into the machinery for making postwar planning conferences today by Russia's abrupt severance of relations with the Polish government in exile. The question now is, who speaks for prostrate Poland? Until that is settled, some diplomatic observers here believe thai the task of arranging for United Nations parleys has been immeasurably complicated. For a Soviet govei nnicul which has denounced the Polish government in London as "in contact and accord" with the enemy cannot very well sit at the same conference table with that government. In Polish circles here there was fear that Ihe answer would be Soviet recognition of a new provisional Polish regime with headquarters in Moscow. As early as March 0, last, there appeared in Moscow a new Polish language newspaper "Free Poland," dedicated to the creation of a "free, independent and democratic Poland" and openly hostile to the Polish government in exile in London. Should a free Polish regime with headquarters in Moscow be recog- ni/.ed by the Soviel government (here would bo, in effect, two governments in exile, both claiming the right to speak for Poland but neither actually functioning in Poland, The billerness of Foreign Commissar V. M. Molotov's denunciation of Ihe Polish government in London would seem to rule out any reconciliation between Moscow and that government. On the other hand could Britain and the United Slates — and the i other United Nations — recognize I a new Polish provisional regime j with headquarlers in Moscow? Significant in the light of the diplomatic break announced yesterday is an editorial nublished by Pravda, the official Communist newspaper, April 10, denouncing the Polish government in London as pro-Hitler but praising the courage, heroism and honor of the Polish people. And Moscow's announcement yesterday made clear that it was breaking with a government, not a nation. Nazis Demand More French Workers Bern. Switzerland, April 27 !/l'i --Germany's latest request for a new contingent of 220 000 Frenchmen to help construct coasti.il fortifications has disclosed thai the Nazis' "Atlantic Wall" is not yet finished, usually reliable French circles said today. Foreign dinplomatic obsereers took it for granted that Piorro Laval, just beginning his si'conc! year as chief of the French government, would grant the German request, thus bringing to 1.000.000 the total number of Frenchmen in Nazi hibor services. By the Associated Press Washington, April 27 — (If) — The government's wartime labor policies entered a crucial stage today as new walkouts and a threatened wave 'of strikes portended a )ossible nationwide lieup of the ;oft coal industry by the week's 'lid. I While district leaders of the United Mine Workers gathered in New York for a policy committee with ^resident John L. Lewis, Ihe War ,abnr Board made its first appeal o the union leadership for help n slopping the spreading strikes. Although UMW spokesmen said 10 strikes had been authorized, they pointed out that Lewis had lot forbidden them, and the nuni- jcr of idle miners was cslimalcd it more than 13,000 in the Pittsburgh and Birmingham areas. In addition, a New York source close to the UMW officials said Hundreds (if telegrams were arriving at UMW headquarters, urging the union's negotiators to stand firm and informing them thai miners were ready to strike at a moment's notice. Most of the Pittsburgh and Birmingham operations arc captive mines whose total output is used by Ihe steel companies that own them. At least two commercial mines in Pennsylvania, however, were hit by walko.uts and several thousand Southeastern Kentucky coal miners quit work while elsewhere in the state those who continued work were described by both operators and union leaders as "restless." Bituminous operations in A 1 a- bama, Illinois and Indiana have received notice that the -miners will not work after midnight Friday. Those states do not come under the Appalachian agreement now in dispute before the WLB, but Ihis dispute is the key to the silua- liri., generally. The board announced that a panel which is to begin consideration of the issues tomorrow 'will be headed by Morris Llewellyn Cookc, Philadelphia engineer who was the first, administrator of the rural electrification program. as Ihe public's representative, Cookc is Iho panel chairman. Representing labor is David B. Robertson, president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and cnginemcn. The employer representative is Walter White, assistant to the chairman of Ihe business advisory council of Ihe Commerce department. Tlie WLB's initial telegram to L c w i s, Secretary - Treasurer Thomas Kennedy, and presidents of Ihe districts where stoppages have occurred, appealed to the workers' patriotism. It. made no reference to the board's policy of suspending consideration of the merits of a dispute while a strike is in progress. "We call upon you as a leader of our union," it said, "to urge the workers to return to thir jobs immediately under the plan as suggested b Ihe president and ordered b Ihe board so that a nation at war may have maximum production not only in Ihe . co/il fields but in countless related war industries which arc so vitally dependent upon their continued operation." The board's order, on which Lewis has thus far made no comment, prvoidcs for extension of existing agreements until a final settlement, with any wage adjustments to be retroactive to March 31. Lewis' principal demands arc for a n increase of $2 a day. compensation for underground travel lime, and contract terms covering the mine supervisory forces. —Europe London. April 27 —(/I')— Britain's biggest bombers blasted the great German inland port of Duisburg last night in "one of the heaviest raids" ever carried out against the Reich, an official British announcement declared today. Seventeen bombers were reported missing from the attack, winch an air ministry communique described as highly concentrated. The language of the communique indicated that at least 1,000 tons of bombs were dropped on the city, the weight ot explosives probably approaching that of the first 1,000- bombcr raid on Cologne last May 30 when l,, r >00 tons of bombs were dropped. ; The night raid followed blows by swift mosquito bombers late yesterday at railway centers in northwest German, in the Rhineland, md in France near the Loire river. All Ihe raiding planes returned safely to bases, it was announced. It was the !J9lh raid on Duisburg, which is situated 12 miles west of Essen at the junction of the Rhine and Ruhr rivers. The city, which is the site of man heavy war in- Allies Hold Hills Around Mubo, Near Salamaua —War in Pacific dustrics and un important com municiitiuns center, was last bombed the night of April 0, in a raid from which eight bombers fnilcd to return. Last night's raid was the first time that British heavy bombers had been active since the sweeping assaults on Stettin, Rostock and Berlin last Tuesday night. Tlic air ministry news service said four - cngincd Lancaster, Stirling and Halifax bombers and two- engined Wellingtons met "one of the strongest defenses our crews have encountered for some limu" in the attack on Duisburg. Many searchlights were massed both inside and outside the town, the news bulletin said, and a rage from hundreds of heavy iinli - aircraft guns were encountered. The German communique, heard from (lie Berlin radio, said several places were raided in western Germany, including Obrhauscn and Mucllicim as well as Duisburg. "Residential quarters, hospitals and other public buildings wore hit," the Germans said, "the population suffered losses. Sixteen enemy planes were shot down." Within 23 Miles of 2 Key Cities; Hit 8O Tanks General McNair Is Able to Leave Bed An Advanced American Evacuation Hospital in Northern Tunisia. April 2U —(Delayedi —I/I 1 )— Lieut. Gen. Lesley J. McNair, chief of all American grounds forces, left a hospital bed today only three days after he had been nijuried by a German artillery shell. Pinned conspicuously on Me- Nair's uniform was the Order of the Purple Heart put there yesterday by the Second Corps commander for wounds received when a shell landed nearby while McNair was observing a doughboy advance in Northern Tunisia. McNair suffered a scalp laceration from a small fragment which pierced his helmet and a fractured shoulder from a larger fragment. On the 7.000.000 population of Australia, about 500,000 are in the armed forces. Death Penalty Decreed Negro Train Slayer Salem,Tre., April 27 — </!'>—Ilo1> ert E. Lee Folkes occupied a solitary death cell in Oregon Stale prison today, there ot remain until he is executed for the trainboard knife slaying of which he was convicted or until the state Supreme Court agrees to hear his appeal. The 20-year-old Negro dining car cook was brought to the prison from Alban, Ore., scene of a three-week trial which ended in a jury finding that he had entered the slecpinu car berth — lower 1,'j —occupied by Mrs. Martha Virginia James, 21, of Norfolk, Va., aboard a southbound train last January 23, and cut the young woman's throat when she resisted his intrusion. In few works Circuit Judge L. G. Lcwclling decreed the death sentence, mandatory under the jury's flat conviction of first degree murder, yesterday aftcronon and . set May 28 as the dale of execution. Within scarcely more than an hour afterward, the condemned man, shacked and under stale police guard, was brought the 25 mile from Albany, dressed in at the prison, outfitted in convict garb and placed in solitary confinement—the custom for prisoners awaiting execution in Oregon's lethal gas chamber. On the way to Salem, Folkcs remarked to State Police Lieut. Ray Howard, the patrolman said, that he fell sorry for Mrs. James' husband, Ensign Richard F. James, and for himself "but 1 don't feel sorry for her or her father." Leroy Lomax, Folkes' attorney, has indicated he will appeal the Negro's case to the Oregon Supreme Court. Red Cross Is Praised by Hope Officer What the lied Cross is doing lor the soldiers is described in a letter written from England by LI. Edwin Jack McCabe to his mother, Mrs. Johnnie McCabe, South Main street (since this letter Lt. McCabe has been transferred to North Africa'. His letter follows: "Today the Red Cross 'Clubmo- bile' eume through, giving the bu>s doughnuts and coffee. An expensive-looking trailer marked Michigan. "There is more in this war of such things and entertainment of all sorts, 'morle builders', than was ever thought of in any other war, or than is being thought of now by any other nation. "Every day I am proud to be an i American. You have no idea how proud you would be until you have actually been to another country. Not that there it anything wrong with England. Just that there is so much great about the U. S. 1 think they see lots of things here (the British doi thai amax.e them, but most of what they are missing they don't know about." Goes Berserk Kills Child, Shoots Self Bay City, Mich., April 27 (/!')— A father of six-children, going"'her-' sci'k early this morning in his barricaded home, shot and killed a five-year-old daughter, critically wounded two other children and then shot himself fatally through the head despite efforts of police to slop him by means of tear gas. A foruth daughter also was shot. Vivian, 5, died shortly after being brought to Mercy hospital. Physicians held little hope for Kathleen, 2, and Genevievc, 10. The fourth daughter, Bcrnicc, 8, was believed not seriously wounded. The shootings look place at 3 a. m. after police, neighbors and a son of Lisk, Cecil J., Jr., 17, had tried without avail to compose the father subsequent to a quarrel with his wife, Josephine, 48, and his threats to "kill everybody," Patrolman Roy Robb said. Robb and another policeman. Benjamin Nadolski, said Lisk had accused his wife of accepting oth crmcn's attentions and that she fled the home when he struck her with a rubber mallet. Neighbors separated the two on the street and police were called, Allied Headquarters in Australia, April 27 — (/I').— Australian and i American troops now hold hill lops overlooking the village and airfield of Mubo, New Guinea, which is less than 15 miles south of the important Japanese base ot Sal a- maua. This was disclosed today in an elaboration at General Douglas MacAurthur's headquarters of a onc - sentence account in the noon communique: "Mubo: Our attack planes bombed and strafed enemy positions in support of our ground troops." 11 was pointed out that these planes, Bostons, twice raided the enemy Monday ahead of ridge ^'j'/ i positions held by the Allies, mostly Australians, and that their fire was directly particularly at a group of Japanese entrenched on a hill only a mile and a quarter north- cast of Mubo. Since organized Japanese resistance ceased last Jan. 23 on the Papuan peninsula at a point roughly IfiO miles below Salamaua, information has been meager concerning exact positions of the Allies on the north coastal approaches to the Hyon gulf. Patrols have moved near to Salamaua, one annihilating an enemy outpost of 20 men on April 1C within six airline miles of that base. But the last skrmishing of note occurred early in February near WAU, roughly 30 miles southwest of Sala- maua, during which the Japanese lost 1,000 men. At that time, the enemy troops were reported fleeing n the direction of Mubo. Today it was poinld out the Alies now hold the trail between that village and WAU, which has in airfield. Allied planes almost daily make from 10 to 20 low strafing sweeps over Japanese positions below Salamaua. These •aids reportedly have left Ihe enc- ny poorly fed and badly in need of supplies. Menaced Salamaua is so highly regarded by the enemy that they have tried frantically to run the MacArthur aerial blockade and rc- enforcc it. First they tried the direct sea lane route but destruction of a 22 - ship convoy in the Bismarck sea in March discouraged that. They (hey resorted to supply - laden submarines. Onc was -00 surprised and sunk March 19 while unloading at Lae. More recently, the enemy has endeavored to ship supplies far up the Nw Guinea coast for overland transportation, prompting MacArthur's airmen to bomb coastal roads. Plan to Name Field for Spa Mayor Spiked Washington. April 27 (/I 1 )— The new million dollar airport under construction at Hot Springs, Ark., will not be named for Mayor Leo P. McLaughlni, political leader of that resort, city, Senator McClcl- lan (D-Ark.i declares. The senator, who waged a bitter political battle with McLaughlin in last summer's Arkansas Democratic primary, asserted the War Department had assured him the army would lake control of the field when it is completed and would not name it for McLauuhlin as requested by the Hot Springs Ciyl council. McClcllan said information had been furnished him that McLaughlin had the city council pass a resolution asking that the airport be named McLaughlin field. The senator said he fell all military installations should be named for heroes killed in action. "Whatever any civilian may do in the war effort, il is nothing compared to the eonlribulion of the boy who fights and dies." he said. "The least we can do is name these airfields for such boy.s. 1 am not suggesting any particular name for the Hot Springs field but 1 think it ought to be that of some Arkansas boy killed in actoin, preferably one from Hot Springs. I don't know who that would be." FRENCHMEN EXECUTED Bern. April 27 (fl'\ — Dispatches from Vichy said today two young Frenchmen had been executed at Nimes for sabotage aeainst the railroads and violence against the authorities. Oren Harris Speaks Here at 8 Tonight Congressman Oren Harris will be principal speaker at the formal dedication of the Alton CCC Camp as a local camp tonight at 8 p. m. The public is invited to hear Mr. Harris' address. Other speakers include Archie Stephens, assistant director of CCC of Washington, Rev. Thomas Brownler. Mayor Albert Graves, John P. Vcscy with benediction by the Rev. Robert Moore. 1 Proceeding the speaking local club organizations will be entertained with a fish fry at G p. m. Due to rationing only club members arc to attend the fish fry. However, the public is inviled to hear the speaking. Oil Refinery in Burma Hit by Allied Planes New Delhi, April 27 (/Pi — l,ib- j crator heavy bombers ot the Tenth ' U. S. Air Force struck the Thi- j liiwa oil rcinfery south of Rangou'i I yesterday and scored many di| reel, hits on installations around the distillation plant and among storage tanks, today's U. S. communi- que said. One large tank exploded violently and caused a fire from which smoke was visible for 40 miles. At the same time medium lumbers winged over the Japanese air base at Hcho to drop bombs among aircraft verlments on the hanger and on anti - aircraft positions. Allied planes continued pounding at Japanese communication, with raids Saturday on railroad installations at Maymyo and Ywa- taung. As Allied fliers struck from the air, ground fighting dwindled to patrol activities by both sides in the Arakan peninsula which today's British communique said left the general situation little changed. Air Activity Reaches New Fury in Russia By EDDY GILMORE Moscow, April 27 (/I 1 ;— Aviation activity had reached a new fury on the Soviet-German front today as Russians, with increased air strength, continued to blast Nazi forward and rear positions and communications. The most intensive action still vas in the Kuban regoin of the Caucasus. Red Star, the army newspaper, iaid that following great air losses, he German air activity in the Ku- :jan slackened after April 22 but Russian activity increased. The dispatch related that the Germans concentrated masses of aombcrs and fighters, mostly FockoWulf 190's and Messe,-- schmitt lODG's in the Taman peninsula, the Crimea and Kerch strait area airdromes. These and land troops made a series of futile attacks against the Red Army lines in the Kuban valley last week, it was said. Observers asserted that the Red Air Force had struck the German air army such a sudde n and heavy blow in the Kuban that Hitler whole plan of air support for the Kuban counterattack has collapsed, at least for the present Soviet airmen made raid ...after, raid on the German airdromes and the enemy was reported to have lost hundreds of planes. !• » m Germans Steal 36 Billions in Europe Washington, April 27 —UP)— German looling of occupied Europe was pictured by the Board of Economic Warfare today as surpassing in "magnitude and ruthlessness" all previous conquests of history. The board estimated Germany had plundered $36,000,000,000 by the end of 1941 and the rate since then is accelerating into "tens of billions of dollars per year." It added: "Not only has wealth, accumulated over centuries, been carried back to Germany, but the indus- trcis, natural resources, and labor power of the occipicd countries are under absolute German domination." Its reports, the board said, show that armaments and other military equipment have been taken from all the vanquished armies of Europe. "Thousands of machines have been dismounted and moved to Germany, with laboratory and scientific equipment from the greatest institutes in Europe," the board reported. "Horses, cattle, sheep, pigs and fats have been confiscated, public galleries and private collections stripped of art ob jects, and office furniture, park benches, and garden tools taken." Describing Poland as the out- slnding example >jf confiscation of public uroporly. the board estimated the loot there at $2,000.000.000. Military equipment from Austria and C/ei'lioslovakia was traded to southeastern European countries for foodstuffs and raw materials, the report said, but was recovered later when German invaded those countries. 'Considerable quantities of relatively obsolete equipment were sold to Japan," the board added. — Africa By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarlers in Nor th Africa, April 27 — (/P) — Allied trmorcd forces have driven to within four miles of the Tunis-Font Fahs road and have destroyed if) German tanks in the big-scale Battle which has raged since Sunday, Allied quarters announced today. Farther north, the British First Army infantry cleared 11 miles of the road from Medjez - El-Bab. to Tcbourba and reached Toum railroad station, only 23 miles west ot Tunis, front line dispatches reported, and for the first lime since last November the Allies were again on the threshold to the Tunis plain. The same reports said the French skirting the Mediterranean had penetrated to withiir- six miles of Lake Achkcl, which almost adjoins Lake Bizcrte. (Apparently this placed the British and French within 23 miles of both the twin cities of Bizerte and Tunis.) In the sector between Mcdjez-El- Bab and the Mediterranean, the Americans of Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., continued an advance so rapid that German rearguards were unable to bury their dead and assaulted the two strategic knobs, Green Hill and Bald Hill, the most heavily fortified' mountains in the northern sector. These Allied thrusts accompanied gains all along the -140 - mile front in fighting which the Allied headquarters communique charac- "" Fish Fry to Replace Regular Rotary Meet All Hope Rotarians are urged to attend the Fish Fry. out at the old C'CC Camp on the Lewisville road, ut around G p. m., as there will be no Rotary Meeting Friday of this week. Only Roltiriuns who attend the Fish Fry and Public Meeting (at 8 p. m.) will receive an attendance credit. President Bill Wray. is hoping Rotarians will attend 100' Nevada Singing Meet at Bodcaw The Nevada County Annual May Singing will be at Bodcaw. Sunday, May 2. Every!ne come bring your song book and a well filled basket a';d enjoy the day v. ith u:,. j They were participated*"!!! by Allied air forces which flew more than 1,000 sorties in an air offensive which the announcement said was of "increasing intensity." Armored- spearheads of the British jabbing southeast of Goubellat threatened to cut off the big supply base of Pont Du Fahs, 34 miles southwest of Tunis, which already was menaced by the much- feared Moroccan Goumiers who had driven northeast along the Tunisian dorsal to a hill overlooking the town. The Goumiers "went like smoke" in their push on Pont Du Fahs from, the southeast yesterday, front line dispatches said, and were within two miles of the objective. The lank battle here, which appeared to be Ihe key to the great fight raging all along th front, had cost the Germans 20 tanks in the last 24 hours. In the wild and deadly action first army armored columns had reached onc point only four miles from the supply road running northeast of Pont Du Fahs, and a second column had battered its way to within six miles of the artery. Among Ihe 20 enemy tanks destroyed in the battle in which the Germans were believed to have committed all or most of their armored reserves were five 60-ton Tigers. The day's most spectacular ail- blow was struck by Flying Fortress which made their longest flight of the north African campaign and bombed Grosse to flying field, 00 miles northwest of Rome to give 11 Duce a hint of bombings In come. Loosing hundreds of fragmentation bombs in two waves over the airdrome, the Fortresses scattered, destruction among parked planes and smashed buildings at the reserve German air force base. In unison with British First Army and American advances, the British Eighth Army infantry too made "slight advances" in difficult hill fighting, a spokesman said. But the main theaters were on Ih Axis' west brink where British Churchill tanks had been used in some cases to climb peaks 2.000 feet high and support the infantry. The American advance in the Jefna area, too, was against "extremely difficult resistance," with the German rearguards leaving heavy minefields behind to cover their general retreat. Bui the Americans were reported making progress in the valley east of Sedjenane and west ot Lake Achkcl. whose western .. shore is only 17 miles west of Bizerte. The communique said 2UO prisoners were taken in the Germans' rock and concrete grottoes on Long Stop hill, the eastern end of which finally was cleaned out to allow the British to advance on Tcbourba, the gateway to Tunis. The British had stormed onto the crest of the hill three days ago and when the exhausted remnants of the garrison surrendered the en- Continued on Page Four)

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